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OCT 27 1955 


WEST VIRG!,\M U.,iV£.RSiTy J, J 




Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



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Author cf Homoeopathic Bibliography of the United States ; Senior of the 

America7i Institute of Homoeopathy ; Member of Homceopathic 

Medical Society of Pennsylvania ; Philadelphia County 

Homoeopathic Medical Society. 



Copyrighted, 1894, 


BoERiCKK & Tafel. 



H^rjis L00J5 IS pespzcfjully (azd.iGetfeia fa 

ry. n. JeJuaqeor), uV. Je)., ©J Jjorjaor), Oi)qlerr)ia, 

f^ar) v^r)0rr) i}® arje r)ets aarje. ir)0i?(z f© rer^dep t^ wnfirjqs ©f 

p.efr)r)(zrr)(ar)r) Gtccessikle. f© l^e Cr)qlisr)-speec^ir)q 

Pi^ milil^ jljaflit tst groK^." 


In 1847, Dr. Constantine Hering, the Father of American 
Homoeopathy, published in the Hygea an article, entitled "Requi- 
sites to a Correct Estimate of Hahnemann." In this he wrote 
that in order to worthily estimate the character of this man, be- 
longing to history, it would be necessary to mention the age in 
which he lived; to depict the life at Meissen, the home life, the 
•school days, the artist-father and the mother, the early training 
of the boy. After this to describe the life and labors up to 1790, 
the year of the discovery of the New Law of Healing, and then: 

"The foundation being thus laid, and the man presented to 
us in his daily life, his thoughts and his labors, his time and his 
contemporaries, the second and most important part would be 
devoted to the consideration of his new opinions, and a 
statement of the origin and gradual development, step by 
step, of Homoeopathy. From the note in Cullen's "Materia 
Medica," through all his subsequent writings, and even through 
the successive editions of the "Organon," the materials must be 
industriously sought and carefully brought together down to the 
latest words of the expiring sage. 

"Through the whole of this, criticism should be silent, no 
partisanship should divert shallow readers with straight laced 
conventionalities, the day-spring of the discoverer's thought 
should appear in its true primordial form, in its progress and in 
its growth, exempt from all cavil. 

"After his writings, after his published and his various un- 
published correspondence and other productions, the inner moral 
state of the man, the heart and feelings must be developed as 
the hidden spring of all. Here, where, for us as for all men, lies 
the danger of error; yea, the greatest danger, that of being un- 
just — and where we would, least of all, dare to be unjust — here 
the greatest watchfulness and most rigorous care are but require- 
ments of the lowest and commonest duty. Nothing in the shape 
of testimony should here be omitted, not, however, what others 
have said of him, but what he has said of himself and of others. 

"Next to this should be given his character, his mode of 
thought as they concerned domestic, civic and political life, and 
his conduct as man, husband, father and citizen, and then his 
bearing as physician, preceptor, colleague and controversialist. 
We are all the children of our parents — circumstances, moulded 
by our proximate relations in proportion to their force and repeti- 
tion — this consideration should not be without its weight in the 
present case. 

"The multitude of calumnies against Hahnemann should not 
protract their brief existence by a place in such a volume. 
Where, however, they chafed or roused their noble mark (for in 
his venerable age he was at times galled even to tears) they 
might merit a passing notice. 

"Thus should the historian accompany his hero to the time 
when a friendly beckoning hand withdraws him from things 
without; his senses close to page and speech, unfold to sources 
of joy and hope, and he departs, at peace with himself, with 
God and with the mantled world. 

" Then let the estimate follow, not penned by the laborious 
biographer, but formed in the inmost soul of him who shall 
have read and weighed the whole." 

It has been the intention to follow Dr. Hering's advice and to 
permit Hahnemann to speak by means of his writings; to avoid 
criticism of his motives and to be very chary of personal opinion; 
to narrate in a concise manner the romantic story of his wander- 
ings, his persecutions, his discoveries, his triumphs and his 
peaceful death, with the hope that the reader may find in the 
letters and events of this long and remarkable existence reasons 
for correctly understanding the expounder of a doctrine believed 
by so many to be founded upon an eternal law of God. 

While much has been published in the past, it has all been 
fragmentary, and only by delving within the covers of many rare 
and diflScult volumes can it be found. It has been the aim to 
collect everything bearing any relation to the career of Hahne- 
mann in this book. The German, French and English literature 
have been thoroughly examined, considerable of the matter 
being for the first time published in English. 

The portrait of Hahnemann is taken from an oil painting now 
in the possession of the Hahnemann Medical College of Phila- 
delphia. Mr. Enoch Pratt, of Baltimore, to whom it formerly 

belonged, says of it: "I was in Paris in 1855, at the request of 
Dr. Schmidt of this city (Baltimore), I found the widow of Dr. 
Hahnemann, who had, she considered, the best original likeness 
of her husband painted in his lifetime; she consented to my 
having it copied, which was done by Hathaway, a distinguished 
painter of that day, in her house, under her own supervision, 
and she pronounced it perfect, saying she could distinguish no 
difference in them. I consider yours an original and very valu- 

This compilation has been made so that not only the younger 
physicians and students of our school but other readers may 
readily gain access to the facts in the life of Hahnemann, bril- 
liant chemist, learned physician, great reformer and cultured 
man, and that they may become more familiar with the story of 
his marvelous career. 

And at this time when the people are finding out that there is 
truth behind the doctrines of Homoeopathy, it is the hope of the 
compiler that this book may be accepted as a biographical mon- 
ument to the memory of this man whose teachings and influence 
have done so much to rob sickness of its terrors and to restore 
health to humanity. 



Meissen, the Capital of Misnia — The Porcelain Factory — The House 
Where Hahnemann was Born, 9 

Story of the Earlier Days of Hahnemann Told by Himself— School 
Life — Ivcipsic — Vienna, 11 

Autobiography Continued — Baron v. Bruckenthal — First Years as a 
Physician, 13 

School Days — Thinking Lessons — The Lamp of Clay — Hahnemann to 
be a Grocer, . • 15 

Life at Leipsic and Vienna — Poem to Prof. Zeune, 17 

Life at Hermanstadt — Graduation at Erlangen — Return to Saxony — 
Dessau, 19 

Marriage — Life at Gommern — Uncertainty — First Original Work, ... 22 

Dissatisfaction with Mode of Practice — Letter to Hufeland — Hufeland 
on Homoeopathy — Medical Anarchy of the Time, 24 

Gommern — Life at Dresden — Literary Work — The Wine Test — Slum- 
ber Song, 27 

Life at Dresden — Original Writings — Chemical Discoveries— Soluble 
Mercury — Departure for Leipsic, 32 

Beloved Leipsic — Cullen's Materia Medica — First Experiments with 
Peruvian Bark — First Provings Upon the Healthy, 35 


Poverty — Continued Literary Labors — Powers of Peruvian Bark— Faith 
in God's Goodness, 39 

Further Experiments— Insanity of Klockenbriug — Asylum at Georgen- 
thal — Gentle Methods with the Insane, 44 

Molschleben— Letters to a Patient — Pyrmont — Wolfeubuttel — Konigs- 
lutter, . . . • 47 

First Essay on the Curative Power of Drugs — Hufeland's Journal — 

Enmity of Kouigslutter Physicians, 49 

Letter to Patient on Cheerful Methods of Life, 53 

Epidemic of Scarlatina — Departure from Kouigslutter — Accident on the 
Journey — Complaint to the Public — Belladonna in Scarlatina — Altona- 
Medical Liberality of the Nineteenth Century, 56 

Curious Preface to Thesaurus Medicaminum — Alkali Pneum — MoUen — 
Eilenburg — Macheru — Dessau — Torgau, 63 

Essay on Coffee— Medicine of Experience — Denial of a False Report 
About Scarlatina — ^sculapius in the Balance, 6S 

First Collection of Provings — The Last Translation — Medicine of Expe- 
rience — The Organon — Attacks Upon Its Teachings, 72 

Removal to Leipsic — Letters from vSister Charlotte — Wish to Establish 
a School of Homoeopathy — Dissertation on Hellebore — Allopathic 
Praise — Lectures Commenced, 80 

Correspondence with Robbi— Proving Remedies — Hahnemann to Stapf, 
on Proving — Hartmanu's Story of Hahnemann's Life at Leipsic — 
Hahnemann's Students, 92 

Hartmann's Story Continued — Methods of Proving — Hahnemann's 
Domestic Life — Methods of Prescribing, 103 


Von Bruunow's Story — Hahnemann's Appearance — Mode of Life at His 
House — Prince Schwartzeuberg, io8 

Hahnemann's Opinion of Allopathy— New Persecutions — Appeal to the 
Courts — The Leipsic Apothecaries — Treatment of Field Marshal 
Schwartzeuberg and His Death, 113 

Persecution of Dr. Franz — Hahnemann's Wish for Peace — Letter to Dr. 
Billig — Accusation Against Hartmann — Invitation to Coethen — Letter 
to Stapf — Reasons for Leaving Leipsic — Dr. A. J. Haynel, 120 

Act Granting Permission to Practice Homoeopathy in Coethen — Per- 
mission Granted Dr. Mossdorf to Act as Hahnemann's Assistant — 
Letter to Stapf, 126 

Literary Work — Editions of the " Organon " — Founding of the Archiv 
— Prefaces to the Materia Medica Pura, 135 

Hahnemann's Great and Varied Knowledge — Reimarus Fragments — 
Paper on Chemistry — Advice to Stapf— Death of Caspari, 142 

Total Demolition of Homoeopathy by the Allopathic Physicians — 
Hahnemann's Answers, 150 

Public Trials of Homoeopathy — Hering's Conversion — Letters to 
Hering — Accuracy of Hahnemann — His Faith in the Spread of 
Homoeopathy, 157 

Theory of Chronic Diseases — Letter to Baumgartner, 164 

Chronic Diseases Continued — Psora a Cause of Disease — The Itch 
Theory — Dr. Raue on the Itch Theory, 170 

Letters to Stapf on the Chronic Diseases — Vaccination Theory, . . . .173 

Existence of the Itch Insect Known to Hahnemann — Letter on Birth- 
day to Stapf, 178 


First Method of Preparing Homceopathic Medicine — First Pocket 
Cases — Korsakoff on the Use of Glass Vials — Hahnemann's Opinion 
Regarding the Practice of Medicine — Letter to Dr. Eberhardt, . . .182 

Fiftieth Fest-Jubilee — Letters to Rummel — Hahnemann's Portrait, . . 188 

Celebration of the Fiftieth Fest-Jubilee at Coethen — Letter from Hah- 
nemann Concerning It — Foundation of First Homceopathic Society, 194 

Letters to Hering, Rummel and Stapf, 199 

Hahnemann and the Vis Medicatrix Naturae, 204 

Death of Frau Dr. Hahnemann — Family Life Described — Letter to Stapf 
on the Subject of the Last Illness, 210 

French Biography of Hahnemann— True Pictures from the Life of Frau 
Hahnemann, 213 

True Pictures Continued, 221 

True Pictures Concluded— Albrecht Upon the Matter — Hahnemann's 

Letter to Elise 225 

Cure of Dr. Aegidi, 231 

Report of Cases by Hahnemann— Essay on Phthisis— Pitch-Plaster 
Recommended by Hahnemann, 236 

Right of the Physician to be Well Paid— Allopathy— Censorship of 
the Press, 241 

Cholera in 1831-32 — Hahnemann's Opinion of Bleeding — Homoeopathic 
Treatment of Cholera, 245 

Hahnemann's Advice for Treatment of Cholera 250 


Dr. Quiu's Attack of Cholera — Legal Hiudrauces to Homceopathy, . . 258 

Letters to Schweikert, 262 

Letters to Schweikert Continued — Hahnemann's Opinion of Spinal 
Braces, 268 

Death of Duke Ferdinand — Hahnemann's Letter to Duke Henry — Let- 
ter to Aegidi, 273 

Life at Coethen — Dr. Peschier's Visit— Homoeopathy in America — Let- 
ter to Trinius — Wanted, a Homoeopathist, 278 

Dr. Griesselich's Visit to Coethen — Letter to Dr. Gerstel, 288 

History of Leipsic Homoeopathic Hospital — Letters to Muller, .... 292 

Muller' s Account of the Hospital — Letter to the Half-Horn oeopathists 
of Leipsic, 297 

Discussion in the Daily Papers — Intolerance of Hahnemann — Letters 
from Hahnemann to Hering — Hahnemann to Stapf, 302 

Purchase of the Hospital — The Opening — Installation of Dr. Schweikert 
— Hahnemann's Letter — Fickel, 308 

Illness of Hahnemann — Celebration of 1833 — Letter to Straube — Ameri- 
can Diploma, 313 

Condition of Homoeopathy in 1834 — Letter and Diploma from the Gal- 
ilean Society — Hahnemann Visits the Leipsic Hospital — Denuncia- 
tion of Household Adviser — Sixth Meeting of Central Union — Last 
Festal Day in Germany — Last Appeal for the Hospital, 318 

Mile. d'Hervilly — Second Marriage — Romantic Stories About the Bride, 325 


Newspaper Wit— Isensee's Statement About the Marriage, 330 

Dr. Puhlmanu's Account of Hahnemann's Daughters, 334 

Hahnemann's Will, 338 

Departure for Paris — Letter by Dr. Peschier — Permission to Practice 
Granted — Honors from Gallicau Homoeopathic Society — Address of 
Hahnemann — Kretzschmar on a Union of Homoeopathy and Allo- 
pathy — Hahnemann's Answer, 342 

Practice in Paris— Red-Letter Fete Days — Treatment of the Marquis 
of Anglesey — Presentation of Medal by French Physicians, 350 

Dr. Detwiller's Visit to Hahnemann — Hahnemann to Dr. Hering, . . 356 

Life in Paris — Story Told by a Former Patient of Hahnemann — Corre- 
spondence Between Dr. Balogh and the Hahnemanns, 362 

Hahnemann to Dr. Hennicke — Eighty-third Birthday Fete — Hahne- 
mann to Stapf, 370 

Helen Berkley — Mrs. Mowatt's Visit to Hahnemann, 376 

Mrs. Mowatt's Story Continued 382 

A Cure by Hahnemann — His Preface to Arsenicum — Sixtieth Anni- 
versary of Graduation — Rules of FVench Homoeopathic College — 
Homoeopathy in Paris, 388 

Pleasant Home Life — Correspondence with His Daughters, 394 

Eighty-fifth Birthday— Cure of the Child of Legouve, 400 

Epic Poem on Homoeopathy — Dr. Hull's Visit to Hahnemann — Letter 
to Dr. Schreeter — Eighty-sixth Birthday 407 



Hahnemann's Modesty Concerning an Honorary Tablet — Last Illness 
and Death, 414 

Burial of Hahnemann — Meetings of Respect — Translations of Rummel's 
Poem, 421 

Personality — Lessons from His Life — Birthplace — Personal Traits — 
Examination of a Student, 428 

Property — Happiness in Paris — The Old Home at Coethen — Habits of 
Life — Religious Faith, 434 

Relations to His Patients — Mode of Life — His Religious Views — Vigor 
in Old Age, 441 

The Posology of Hahnemann, 445 

Posology Continued, ■ 451 

Posology Continued, 457 

Posology Concluded, 463 

Trial of Madame Hahnemann for Practicing Illegally — Visit of Dr. I. T. 
Talbot, 468 

Letter to Dr. Nichols Regarding Madame Hahnemann, by a former 
Patient — Visit of Dr. Neidhard, 474 

Rival Editions of the Organon — By Lutze— Suss-Hahnemann — Madame 
Hahnemann — Opinions of the Profession, 477 

The Rival Organons Continued— Letters by Madame Hahnemann, . . 484 

The Organons Continued — Dr. Bayes' Offer for the MSS. — Correspond- 
ence Between Madame Hahnemann and Dr. T. P. Wilson, 489 


Death of Madame Habuemann — Madame Boenninghausen to Dr. T. P. 
Wilson — Visit of Dr. J. A. Campbell to Madame Boeuninghauseii, . . 492 

Letters from Madame Boenninghausen — Meeting of Homoeopathic Phy- 
sicians, 498 

Hahnemann's Family, 505 

Bibliography, 507 




In the days gone by, there was situated in Upper Saxony a 
beautiful town called Meissen; it was the capital of the Margra- 
vate of Misnia, and was located on the little river Meisse, near 
its junction, with the stately Elbe, in a fertile valley rich in 
corn and vineyards, and was about twelve miles northwest of 
the city of Dresden. 

In the middle of the eighteenth century, the period of which 
we write, Meissen had about four thousand inhabitants, many 
of whom were expert artists, chemists and painters. It was a 
town of importance, for it contained a branch of the Electoral 
Academy of Sciences, various cloth factories, and a manufactory 
for the newly discovered and wonderful " China-glass," or por- 

This porcelain factory was in the ruins of an ancient castle, 
which stood on the side of a mountain near by. The main por- 
tion alone was standing; the wings, the former homes of the 
Burgraves of Saxony, had long been but a mass of ruins. This 
central building, known as the Albertsburg, had been for many 
years occupied by the Saxon Margraves, the rulers of the land, 
but when the Electoral Princes went to live in Dresden, this 
old and deserted palace of the Prince Albrecht was turned into 
a manufactory for the beautiful and rare porcelain. 

In the town there was a Cathedral church, having a very 
lofty spire of stone, and within its chapel reposed the bones of 
the Saxon Princes, the descendents of Frederick the Warlike. 
An arched church belonging to the castle towered above the 


Steeple of the town church, while over beyond, was the moun- 
tain of St. Afra, having upon its side a building that, until the 
middle of the sixteenth century, had been a Benedictine con- 
vent, but was now used as a private school, and was called the 
"Afraneum" or School of St. Afra. There was also the town 
school which was known as the " Franciscaneum." 

At this time the new art of ornamenting the china-glass with 
colors, with gold, and with painted pictures, was a great secret, 
and, as such, was jealously guarded. All the chemists and 
artists engaged in this work were sworn to secrecy, and only men 
of well-tried integrity were employed. 

Upon the outskirts of the village, not far from the old Albrecht 
Castle, stood a long, plain building of three stories in height, 
that towered high above its neighbors, and was known as the 
Eck-haus. This house, on the 6th of April, 1753, one Christian 
Gottfried Hahnemann bought from the master-smith Lohse, for 
the sum of 437 thalers, and set up his household gods within 
its walls. He was a painter on porcelain, and had come to 
Meissen to adorn the dainty ware made there. The Eck-haus 
stood at the junction of two streets, the Fleischstege and the 
Newmarket. On the ground floor, in a corner room whose two 
large shuttered windows looked out on the Market Place, there 
was born upon the nth of April, 1755, to the wife of the painter 
Hahnemann, a son, whose wonderful fortunes in life are now 
to be related. The baptismal register of Meissen contains the 
following record:-'^ "Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann, 
born on the morning of the nth of April, of 1755; baptized the 
thirteenth day of April of the same year, by M. Junghanns. 
Father, Christian Gottfried Hahnemann, painter. Mother, 
Johanna Christiana, born Spiess." The worthy pastor, M. Jung- 
hanns, was of the lyUtheran faith, and the infant was baptized 
on the Sabbath after its birth according to those tenets. The 
date of Hahnemann's birth has usually been given as the loth, 
and not the nth of April. The town register gives the nth, 
and at the celebration at Meissen, in 1855, of the hundredth birth- 
day, the nth was the day selected. 

Fortunately we are enabled to obtain certain knowledge about 
the early days of this great man by means of his autobiography. 

^British Journal Homoeopathy, Vol. 13, p. 525. 




I was born April lo, 1755, in the Electorate of Saxony, one 
of the most beautiful parts of Germany. This circumstance, as 
I grew up to manhood, doubtless contributed a great deal to my 
veneration for the beauties of nature. My father, Christian 
Gottfried Hahnemann, together with my mother, Johanna Chris- 
tiana, born Spiess, for a pastime taught me to read and write. 
My father died four years ago (17S7.) Without being deeply 
versed in science (he was a designer in a porcelain manufactory 
in his native place, and is the author of a brief treatise on 
painting in water colors) he had the soundest ideas of what 
may be considered good and worthy, and he implanted them 
deeply on my mind. 

To live and to act without pretence or show was his most note- 
worthy precept, and his example was even more impressive than 
his words. He was always present, though often unobserved, 
in body and soul wherever any good was to be done. In his 
acts he discriminated with the utmost nicety between the noble 
and the ignoble, and he did it with a justness which was highly 
creditable to his tender feelings. In this respect, too, he was 
my preceptor. He seemed to have ideas of the first principles 
of creation, of the dignity of humanity, and of its ennobling 
destiny, that were not in the least inconsistent with his manner 
of acting. This gave direction to my moral training. To speak 
of my mental training, I spent several years in the public school 
of Meissen so as to go thence, in my sixteenth year, to the private 
school (Fiirstenschule), in the same place, and four years there- 
after to attend the Universit}' of Leipsic. There was nothing 
noteworthy respecting me at school, except that Master Muller, 
my teacher in ancient languages and German composition, who 
besides living a great deal for the world and me, was rector of 
the Meissen private school, and scarcely has had his equal in in- 
dustry and honesty, loved me as his own child and allowed me 
liberties in the way of study, which I am thankful for to this 
day, and which had a perceptible influence upon my subsequent 
studies. In my twelfth year he intrusted to me to impart to 
others the rudiments of the Greek language. Moreover, in his 


private classes with his boarders and myself, he listened atten- 
tively and lovingly to my critical exposition of the old writers, 
and often preferred my meaning to his own. I was often over- 
taxed and became ill from study, and was the only one who was 
excused from lessons at times unsuitable for me, and who was 
permitted to hand in written exercises or other work performed 
subsequently, and to read foreign treatises on the lessons. I had 
free access to him at all times of the day, and in many respects 
was given the preference in public to many others; and, never- 
theless, which is very strange, my fellow pupils loved me. All 
this together speaks volumes in praise of a Saxony private school. 

Here I was less solicitous about reading than about digesting 
what was read, and was careful to read little, but to read cor- 
rectly and to classify it in my mind before reading further. My 
father did not wish me to study at all; he repeatedly took me 
from the public school for a whole year, so that I might pursue 
some other business more suited to his income. My teachers 
prevented this by not accepting any pay for my schooling during 
the last eight years, and they entreated him to leave me with 
them and thus indulge my propensity for learning. He did not 
resist their entreaty, but could do nothing more for me. On 
Easter, 1775, he let me go to I^eipsic, taking with me twenty 
thalers for my support. This was the last money received 
from his hand. He had several other children to educate from 
his scantv income, enough to excuse any seeming negligence 
in the best of fathers. 

By giving instruction in German and French to a rich young 
Greek from Jassy, in Moldavia, as well as by translating English 
books, I supported myself for the time, intending to leave Leip- 
sic after a stay of two years. 

I can conscientiously bear testimony that I endeavored to 
practice in Leipsic also, the rule of my father, never to be a 
passive listener or learner. I did not forget here, however, to 
procure for my body, by outdoor exercise, that sprightliuess and 
vigor by which alone continued mental exertion can be success- 
fully endured. 

During this stay in Leipsic I attended lectures only at such 
hours as seemed best suited to me, although Herr Bergrath 
Porner, of Meissen, had the kindness to furnish me with free 
tickets to the lectures of all the medical professors. So I read 


by myself, unweariedly of course, but always only of the best 
that was procurable, and only so much as I could digest. My 
fondness for practicing medicine, as there is no medical school at 
Leipzig, led me to go to Vienna at my own expense. But a mali- 
cious trick which was played upon me and which robbed me of 
my public reputation acquired in L,eipsic (repentance demands 
atonement, and I say nothing about names and circumstances) 
was answerable for my being compelled to leave Vienna after a 
sojourn of three-fourths of a year. During these nine months I 
had had for my support only sixty-eight florins and twelve 
kreutzers. To the hospital of Brothers of Charity, in the Leo- 
poldstadt, and to the great practical genius of the Prince's family 
physician, named Von Quarin, I am indebted for my calling as 
a physician. I had his friendship, and I might also say his love, 
and I was the only one of my age whom he took with him to 
visit his private patients. He respected, loved and instructed 
me as if I had been the first of his pupils, and even more than 
this, and he did all without expecting to receive any compensa- 
tion from me. 



My last crumbs of subsistence were just about to vanish when 
the Governor of Transylvania, Baron von Bruckenthal, invited 
me under honorable conditions to go with him to Hermanstadt 
as family physician and custodian of his important library. 
Here I had the opportunity to learn several other languages 
necessar}' to me, and to acquire some collateral knowledge that 
was pertinent and still seemed to be lacking in me. 

I arranged and catalogued his matchless collection of ancient 
coins as well as his vast library, practiced medicine in this 
populous city for a year and nine months and then departed, 
although very unwillingly, from these honorable people to re- 
ceive at Erlangen the degree of doctor of medicine, which I was 
then able to do from my own attainments. To the Privy Coun- 
cillor, Delius, and Councillors Isenflamm, Schreber and Wendt, 
I am indebted for many favors and much instruction. 

Councillor Schreber taught me what I still lacked in Botany. 

On August ID, 1779, I defended my dissertation, and, there- 
upon, received the honorable title of doctor of medicine. 


The instinctive love of a Swiss for his rugged Alps cannot be 
more irresistible than that of a native of Saxony for his father- 

I went thither to begin my career as a practicing physician in 
the mining town of Hettstadt, in Mansfield county. Here it was 
impossible to develop either inwardly or outwardly, and I left 
the place for Dessau in the spring of 1781, after a sojourn of nine 
months. Here I found a better and more cultured society. 
Chemistry occupied my leisure hours and short trips made to 
improve my knowledge of mining and smelting filled up the 
yet quite large dormer windows in my mind. 

Towards the close of the year 1791 I received an insignificant 
call as physician to Gommern, near Magdeburg. The size of - 
the town being considerable, I looked for a better reception and 
business than I found in the two years and three-fourths which 
I passed in this place. 

There had lived as yet no physician in this little place to 
which I had removed, and the people had no idea concerning 
such a person. 

Now I began for the first time to taste the innocent joys of 
home along with the delights of business in the companionship 
of the partner of my life, who was the step-daughter of Herr 
Haseler, an apothecary in Dessau, and whom I married imme- 
diately after entering upon the duties of this position. Dresden 
was the next place of my sojourn. 

I played no brilliant role here, probably because I did not 
wish to do so. However, I lacked here neither friends nor in- 
struction. The venerable Doctor Wagner, the town physician, 
who was a pattern of unswerving uprightness, honored me with 
his intimate friendship, showed me clearly what legal duties be- 
longed to the physician (for he was master in his art), and for a 
year delivered over to me on account of his illness, with the 
magistrate's consent, all of his patients (in the town hospitals), 
a wide field for a friend of humanity. Moreover, the Superin- 
tendent of the Electoral Library, Councillor Adelung, became 
very fond of me and, together with the Librarian, Dossdorf, con- 
tributed a great deal towards making my sojourn interesting and 
agreeable. Four years thus elapsed, more speedily to me in the 
bosom of my increasing family, than to the unexpected heir to 
great riches, and I went about the time of Michaelmas, 1789, to 


Leipsic, in order to be nearer to the fountain of science. Here I 
quietly witness the Providence which Destiny assigns to each of 
my days, the number of which lies in her hand. 

Four daughters and one son, together with my wife, consti- 
tute the spice of my life. In the year 1791 the I^eipsic Econom- 
ical Society, and on the second of August of the same year the 
Electoral Mayence Academy of Science elected me a fellow 
member. Dated Eeipsic, August 30, 179 1. A foot note in the 
Hildesheim History reads: "Since 1792 Doctor Hahnemann has 
lived as foreign resident in the Province of Gotha. He after- 
wards established an institute for the insane at Georgenthal in 
this province, but he soon gave it up again. He went to Pyr- 
mont in 1794. (3d volume, page 53, 5th edition of S. Meusel's 
'Germany,' 1797.)"* 



The story of the early days of this wonderful man forms a key 
to all his future. The poor German lad, whose father simply 
desired for his son the same upright, careful life, as had been his 
own, was impelled by that irresistible force constituting genius 
to gain knowledge by every possible means, and to satisfy the 
demands of a mind eager to understand the many wonders of 
the world before it. When Hahnemann was five years of age, 
his father had a habit of giving his son what he called "think- 
ing lessons." Dr. Hering mentions this several times in his 
writings. He says: "Could the father have foreseen the future 
greatness of his son ? But what was it that the father thought ? 
It has been made known to us. While he looked upon the son 
so much desired, this was the thought: 'If that boy is per- 
mitted to grow up, I will give him lessons in thinking.' As he 
thought and determined, so he acted. An old man in Meissen, 
who had forgotten the son, when he heard of his Jame, said, 
smilingly, ' Many a time have I taken a walk with his father, 
and ever at the certain hour he would say : ' I must go home 
now, I have to give a lesson to my son Samuel, a lesson in 

*Elwert's Nachrichten von dem L,eben und schrifteu I'eztlebender 
teutscher Aerzte. Hildesheim. 1799. 


thinking; that boy must learn to think.' "* And the childhood 
habit followed him through his lifetime. It must have been a 
very earnest desire for knowledge, of which Hahnemann so 
modestly speaks in his story, that would prompt the great men 
of the little German village to urge the unwilling father to 
grant the means of education to his studious son; there must 
have been something vastly superior about the boy, when the 
village teachers were desirous of imparting to him knowledge 
without payment. Imagine the delicate and slender boy of 
twelve with his earnest and pure face, teaching the rudiments of 
the Greek language to the other children, or talking enthusiasti- 
cally about the "old writers," while his good master, the rector, 
" listened attentively and lovingly" to him. During the days 
of his boyhood, Hahnemann was in the habit of taking frequent 
rambles over the hills of his native town, and during this time, 
he also formed an herbarium of the plants of his beloved Sax- 
on5\t It is also related, that in his father's house he was 
accustomed to study at night, long after the rest of the house- 
hold were in bed, by means of a lamp fashioned from clay, so 
that the light was concealed. Albrecht says regarding this cir- 
cumstance, in a note to his Life of Hahnemann :;{: " His father, 
says a reliable witness, tried to prevent him from becoming 
deeply interested in reading and study, and probably may often 
have wished to frighten him from his books. The boy would 
endeavor to hide, and would flee with his beloved books to the 
remotest nooks of the house. The light there was not always 
sufficient, for we are told that he made for himself a lamp out of 
clay, with which to study in these nooks, because he feared that 
his father might miss a light, and subsequently put a stop to 
his cherished occupation." His studies while at Meissen, in- 
cluded Latin, Greek, Hebrew, and history, physics and botany. 
His favorite study was medical science. 

When he left the princely school of Afra he presented a thesis, 
written in Latin, upon the "Wonderful Construction of the 
Human Hand." 

During his student life at Meissen he did not enjo}' very 

*Programme of Centennial Celebration of Hahnemann's Birthday, Phila., 

fDudgeon's Biography of Hahnemann, Loudon, 185 1. 
JAlbrecht's Hahnemann's Lebeu uud Wirken, p. 11. 


robust health, and was much favored by his teachers. It was at 
Easter, 1775, that with his patrimony of twenty thalers and 
with letters from his teachers to the professors at the University 
of Leipsic, he set out for that city. Regarding Hahnemann's 
going to lycipsic, Albrecht saysT-^^ "A more accurate account 
comes from a well-informed source who says: 'His father at first 
put him in a grocery store at lycipsic. So he was to become 
a merchant. But tending the store, however pleasant it might 
have been, was to the intellectual lad something dreadful and 
unendurable. He stayed but a very short time. He left his 
employer without any foolish reasons, merely following the inner 
impulse to a higher calling, and returned to his parents, although 
dreading to meet his father. His mother, fearing the anger of 
his father, kept him hidden for several days, until she had suc- 
ceeded in softening his father's heart, and reconciling him to 
the wish of his son. With such difficulties Hahnemann was 
compelled to make his own way at the University at Leipzig. " 
A youth of twenty, born and educated in a German village, yet 
with knowledge of several languages, with but twenty thalers 
with which to face the future, and yet with an indomitable de- 
termination to succeed. 



He began his student life in Leipsic by attending lectures 
during the day and devoting his nights to translations from the 
English into the German; he taught also German and French. 
His lectures in medicine were free, although it is likely that his 
numerous literary occupations prevented him from attending 
them regularly. In the meantime he was carefully saving his 
money, and preparing to go at the end of the two years to 
Vienna, where the advantages for medical study were much 
greater. The small sum that he had saved was stolen from him, 
and it is to this that he alludes as a "malicious trick" in his 
autobiography. But it is evident that he forgave, as he never 
disclosed the names of the guilt)^ parties, and says that "repent- 
ance demands forgiveness." 

*Albrecht's Leben und Wirken, p. 13. 


During the sojourn at Leipsic he translated the following 
books, all from the English: "John Stedtmann's Phj-siological 
Essays," " Nugent on Hydrophobia," " Falconer on the Waters 
of Bath," in two volumes; "Ball's Modern Practice of Physic," 
in two volumes; this in addition to the study of medicine and 

In a Eeipsic Homoeopathic journal of 1865 was published a 
Latin poem composed by Hahnemann soon after his arrival at 
Eeipsic. It is addressed to the distinguished philologist. Pro- 
fessor Zeune, and bears date September 20, 1775, and must have 
been composed in his twentieth year. It is as follows: 

*"M. Joanni Carolo Zeuuio 
Professori receus create 
Vota faciuut 
tres ejus auditorum 
Mich. Christ. Justus Eschenbach 
Johannes Fridericus Eschenbach 
Christianus Fridericus Samuel Hahnemann, Autor. 

Quid cessas hillari Pieridum choro 
Misceri, Philyrae docta cohors ? Age ! 
Celebrate modis haucce diem bonam. 
Digni Calliope diem 

Alumni; titulos qui debitos diu 
Jam tandem senior (nobilis o pudor !) 
Admittit, Capitum nostrae Academiae 
Non ignobilium Decus. 

Penna Fama, volans usque agit integra 
Te Zeuni ! Pietas cujus et ingeni 
Dotes perpoliuut perpoliereque 
Nostrum uive auimum rudem. 

Tu recludens opes et Latiae bonus 
Et Grajae, juvenum languida melleo 
Minervae recreans munere pectora, 
Formas et Patriae et Deo. 

A. D. XX Septembris, MDCCLXXV : Lepsiae. 
Ex officina Buttneria." 

Not SO bad for a village youth of twenty years ! 

But the knowledge of medicine that he was able to obtain in 

*Brit.Jl. Horn., Vol. 23, p. 489. Allg. Horn. Zcituug, February 13, 1865, 
Vol. 22, p. 128. 


Leipsic was not so extensiv^e as he desired, and his thoughts 
turned towards the great medical school at Vienna; and in the 
spring of 1777 he departed for that place. It must have been 
soon after his arrival that he was robbed, or in some manner de- 
frauded of his savings, so that for nine months he was compelled 
to live on the small sum of sixty-eight florins. 

In one quarter of Vienna, known as the Leopoldstadt, there 
was a very extensive hospital conducted by the Brothers of 
Charity, and in this Hahnemann received instruction under the 
guidance of the celebrated doctor, Von Quarin. Freiherr Von 
Ouarin was body physician to Maria Theresa and the Emperor 
Joseph, he filled six times the post of rector of the University of 
Vienna.* In fact, Von Quarin was so impressed by the ability 
■of his student that he made him his especial protege, taking 
him to visit private patients, a thing he had never before done. 
Throughout his life Hahnemann spoke of Dr. Von Quarin with 
great friendship, and credited to his influence the fact that he 
had been able to gratify his ambition and become a physician. 

At Vienna he did no translating, but devoted himself entirely 
to acquiring the principles of medicine, and to his studies in the 

But his little hoard at last gave out, and he was reluctantly 
<:ompelled to tell his benefactor of his inability to continue his 
studies. As he so quaintly expresses it : " My last crumbs of 
comfort were just about to vanish." Nine months of the de- 
lightful student-life had exhausted all his means. Then Von 
Quarin came to his aid and secured for him the position of 
family physician and librarian to the Baron von Bruckenthal, 
-who was the Governor of Siebenburgen and who lived in the 
city of Hermanstadt. 



It must have been about the close of the year 1777 that Hahne- 
mann went to Hermanstadt. Here he was far away from every- 
thing that could distract his mind from study. He passed the 
greater portion of his time in the valuable library of his patron. 

*Ameke, p. 58. 


He gained some knowledge of numismatics, and classified and 
arranged the "matchless collection of ancient coins" that he 
found there. He carefully catalogued Baron Bruckenthal's im- 
mense library of books and rare manuscripts. It was during the 
quiet, scholarly days, in the secluded library at Hermanstadt, 
that he acquired that extensive and diverse knowledge of ancient 
literature, and of occult sciences, of which he afterwards proved 
himself to be a master, and with which he astonished the scien- 
tific world. 

He learned also several languages, and must have given much 
time to philology. When he left Hermanstadt, at the age of 
twenty- two years, he was master of Greek, Ivatin, English, 
Italian, Hebrew, Syriac, Arabic, Spanish, German, and some 
smattering of Chaldaic. It is said that when he wished to 
understand anything in a language with which he was not 
familiar heat once commenced the systematic study of that lan- 
guage. Here he was unwittingly preparing himself for his great 

He remained in this hospitable haven for one year and nine 
months, when he was able to gratify his desire to obtain the 
degree of physician. 

In the spring of 1779 he bade a reluctant good-by to his good 
friend, the Baron, and to the delights of his library, and departed 
for the Universit}' of Erlangen. Here he attended the lectures of 
Delius, Isenflamm, Wendt and Schreber. He expresses himself 
greatly indebted to Schreber for instruction in botany.* 

He had been nearly ready to graduate, when his poverty 
compelled him to leave Vienna, and after listening for a few 
months to the lectures of the above mentioned professors, he 
presented himself for graduation. He chose Erlangen for his 
place of graduation because the fees were less than at Leipsic. 

He defended his thesis successfully, on the loth of August, 
1779, receiving his degree as doctor of medicine. The subject 
of this thesis was, "A Consideration of the Etiology and Thera- 
peutics of Spasmodic Affections." It was published at Erlangen 
in 1779, as a quarto of twenty pages. 

After Hahnemann had obtained his medical degree his first 

*It has been said by one of Hahnemann's detractors that he received the 
degree at Erlangen "in absentia." This is not true; he attended this Uni- 
versity and was present at his graduation. 


thought was for the hills of his beloved Saxony, and thither he 
at once journeyed. 

He located in the little town of Hettstadt, on the river 
Whipper, situated nine miles from Eisleben, the capital of Mans- 
field county, and devoted to copper mining. The place was 
very small, and the young doctor had but little to do profession- 
ally, and remained but nine months, going thence in the spring 
of 1 78 1 to Dessau. Hahnemann says in his autobiography that 
he left Hettstadt in the spring time (Fruhling) of 1781, after a 
stay of nine months. He graduated in August, 1779, and there 
is no account of his whereabouts from August, 1779, to the time 
of his arrival at Hettstadt, which must have been in the summer 
of 1780. It is known that Hahnemann at this period of his 
life practiced medicine for a time in several towns of Lower 
Hungary. On page 114, vol. 2 of the translation of Cullen's 
Materia Medica, Hahnemann, in a foot note, speaking of the In- 
termittents of marshy countries, says: " CuUen is wrong; he 
seems to have been unacquainted with the stubborn intermit- 
tents of hot, fenny countries. I observed such in Lower Hun- 
gary, more particularly in the fortified places of that country, 
which owe their impregnability to the extensive marshes around 
them. I saw such in Carlstadt, Raab, Gomorrn, Temeswar, Her- 
manstadt." May it not be probable that the missing year was 
spent in these places? Dr. J. C. Burnett in " Hahnemann as a 
Man and as a Physician," London, 1881, page 22, thinks the 
sojourn in Hungary was previous to graduation, and that he did 
not remain for a year and nine months at Herraanstadt, but 
Hahnemann distinctly says that he did remain there for that 
length of time At Dessau, on the Mulda, Hahnemann met more 
congenial society, and also succeeded in gaining some practice. 
Here he first turned his attention to chemistry, of which he 
was destined to become one of the most skillful exponents, and 
of whose skill that greatest of chemists, Berzelius, afterwards 
said: "That man would have made a great chemist, had he 
not turned out a great quack." He was also accustomed to 
take long geological walks; he visited the mines in the vicinity 
and learned much about practical mining and smelting, that he 
afterwards used in his writings on these subjects. As he so 
naively says: "I thus filled up the yet quite large dormer 
windows of my mind." He became a regular visitor at the 


laboratory ot the apothecary Haseler, where he was enabled to 
perfect himself in practical pharmacy and chemistry. And 
here he met his future wife. 



Apothecary Haseler succeeded apothecary Kuchler in busi- 
ness at Dessau, and he also married his widow, who was blessed 
with a young and charming daughter; and the young doctor and 
chemist discovered in her the beloved " Elise " of many long 
and trial-filled years. Hahnemann's term of endearment for his 
wife was the name Elise, and it frequently occurs in his letters 
to her. But our young genius was poor, and in order that he 
might soon marry, he obtained the position of parish doctor at 
Gommern, removing to that place in the latter part of 1781. 
Gommern is a small town, only a few miles from Magdeburg, 
and Hahnemann was the first physician who had ever been set- 
tled there. Hahnemann was married to Miss Kuchler in the 
latter part of 1782. The registry of St. John's church in Dessau 
contains the following entry:* "On the ist of December, 1782, 
Mr. Samuel Hahnemann, Dr. Med., Electoral Saxon parish doc- 
tor in Gommern, twenty-eight years old, eldest legitimate son of 
Mr. Christian Gottfried Hahnemann, artistic painter in the por- 
celain manufactory of Meissen, and of his wife, Johanna Chris- 
tiana, was married to spinster Johanna Henrietta Leopoldiua 
Kuchler, nineteen years old, only legitimate daughter of the late 
Godfried Henry Kuchler, and of his wife, Martha Sophia, in St. 
John's Church here." 

He settled at once in Gommern and commenced the practice 
of his position. He had just been appointed to it at the time of 
his marriage. He also resumed his literary work. 

At the end of 17S3 or the first of 1784 the eldest child, Hen- 
rietta, was born. 

It was while living at Gommern that Hahnemann translated, 
from the French, the chemist Demachy's Art of Manufacturing 
Chemical Products. f Demachy was one of the first chemists of 

* British Journal Homceopathy . Vol. 36, p. 259. 

tSee Ameke's History of Homoeopath}', p. 8. tSalt of Amber. 


the day, and the French Academy had published his book in 
order that the people of France might learn the various processes 
of the manufacture of chemical productions heretofore for the 
most part kept carefully as trade secrets by the manufacturers, 
especially by the Dutch. Hahnemann, by his translations into 
the German, rendered a like service to his fellow-countrymen. 
About the time he completed his translation a new one was is- 
sued by the chemist Struve, of Berne, with additions. Hahne- 
mann added Struve' s additions or comments to his own transla- 
tion, at the same time making copious and original notes on 
them. Examination of the notes in this book reveals the 
marvellous chemical knowledge of the young translator. He 
quotes exhaustively from many authors, in many cases 
corrects mistakes. He cites ten authors on the preparation 
of the antimonials, quotes works on lead, quicksilver, cam- 
phor, succinic acid,| borax. Where Demachy remarks that he 
knows no work on carbonification of turf, Hahnemann mentions 
six. Demachy quotes a French analyist without giving his name, 
but Hahnemann gives not only the author's name, but also the 
name of his book. Demachy mentions a celebrated German 
physician. Hahnemann gives his name, his book, and the par- 
ticular passage in question. On every page his notes appear. 
He gives new directions for making retorts; is well acquainted 
with the manufacture of chemicals in the different countries; 
corrects the mistakes of Demachy regarding the use of alum in 
Russia, Sweden, Germany, Italy, Sicily and Smyrna. He un- 
derstands the use of pit coal in England and in the Province of 
Saarbruck. He introduces many original chemical improve- 
ments and tests. Crell, in his Amialen, the chemical journal of 
that day, says: "We can affirm that no more complete treatise 
exists on the subject of the manufacture of chemicals than this 
work." This valuable book, in two volumes, was published in 
1784, in Leipsic. In 1785 he published, also at Eeipsic, a trans- 
lation of Demachy's Art of Distilling Liquor; also in two vol- 
umes, Westrumb, writing in Crell's Annalen, in 1792, thus 
speaks of this book: "Few manufacturers have listened to my 
suggestions to arrange their retorts as Demachy and Hahnemann 
describe. Distillers should entirely reject the old distillery ap- 
paratus and should use the French arrangement, clearly de- 
scribed by Hahnemann." 


While living at Gommern he also published some medical 
essays in the second volume of Kreb's Journal, and several trans- 
lations from the English and Latin in Weygand's Journal. Also 
an original book on the treatment of scrofulous sores, published 
at Leipsic, in 1784. 

This was his first original medical work. Even at this early 
period Hahnemann was not quite satisfied with the methods of 
medical practice. He says in this book: " This much is true, 
and it may make us more modest, that almost all our knowledge 
of the curative powers of simple and natural as well as artificial 
substances is mainly derived from the rude and automatic pro- 
cedures of the common people, and that the wise physician often 
draws conclusions from the effects of the so-called dome.stic rem- 
edies which are of inestimable importance to him." The book 
was largely the result of his experience in Transylvania, and he 
quite frankly says that his patients would probably have done 
better without him.* At this time, when very little attention 
was paid to hygiene, Hahnemann devoted considerable space to 
it. He recommends exercise and open air, the benefit of a change 
of climate and of the seashore, the value of cold water as a 
remedial agent. In speaking of the treatment of a caries of 
one of the metatarsal bones he, after giving the dressing he 
used, says: "I scraped the carious bone clean out, and removed 
all the dead part, dressed it with alcohol and watched the re- 
sult." This book was received with much praise by the profes- 
sion, f 





Hahnemann remained at Gommern for two years and nine 
months. During this time his practice was not large nor did he 
seem to make much effort to increase it, preferring to devote 
himself to his translations and studies. His position as parish 
doctor, with his translations, supported him and his increasing 
family. But he was a sincere man and was greatly dissatisfied 

* Dudgeon's "Life of Hahnemann," 1854. 
fAmeke. "History of Homoeopathy," p. 59. 


with the vague and iinsatisfactor}^ medical knowledge of the day. 
Perhaps in no better way can his feelings on the subject be de- 
scribed than by presenting a letter written to Hufeland regard- 
ing this period. This letter is published in L,esser Writings 
under the title: " Letter to a Physician of High Standing on the 
Great Necessitj^ of a Regeneration in Medicine."* "It was 
agony for me to walk always in darkness, with no other light 
than that which could be derived from books, when I had to 
heal the sick, and to prescribe, according to such or such an 
hypothesis concerning diseases, substances which owed their 
place in the Materia Medica to an arbitrary decision. I could 
not conscientiously treat the unknown morbid conditions of my 
suffering brethren by these unknown medicines, which being 
very active substances, may (unless applied with the most rigor- 
ous exactness, which the physician can not exercise, because 
their peculiar eflfects have not yet been examined) so easily oc- 
casion death, or produce new affections and chronic maladies, 
often more difficult to remove than the original disease. To 
become thus the murderer or the tormentor of my brethren was 
to me an idea so frightful and overwhelming, that soon after 
my marriage, I renounced the practice of medicine, that I 
might no longer incur the risk of doing injury, and I engaged 
exclusively in chemistry, and in literary occupations. But I be- 
came a father, serious diseases threatened my beloved children, my 
flesh and blood. M}^ scruples redoubled when I saw that I could 
afford them no certain relief." He continues in telling Hufeland 
his feelings regarding the uncertainty of medical practice, and 
says that he felt sure that God must have ordained some certain 
method of healing the sick. The Rev. Thos. Everest, in a let- 
ter to Dr. Rose Cormack, saysif 

"After passing through the usual studies with great credit 
to himself he took his degree and began to practice as a medical 
man. It soon struck me, he said to me, that I was called upon 
to admit in the practice of medicine a great deal that was not 
proved. If I was called to attend a patient I was to collect his 
symptoms, and next to infer from these symptoms that a certain 
internal condition of the organs existed, and then to select such 

*Brii. Jou}'. Horn., Vol. i, p. 105. Lesser Writings, New York. All£-. 
Anzeiger, July 14, 1808. 

tRussell's " Homceopathy in 1851," p. 305. 


a remedy as the medical authorities asserted would be useful 
under such circumstances. But it is very evident that the argu- 
ment is most inconclusive and that room was thus left for many 
serious errors, and so I determined to investigate the whole mat- 
ter for myself from the very beginning. ' ' 

Hufeland, whom Hahnemann calls the Nestor of Medicine, 
was always a friend to Hahnemann. He allowed him to pub- 
lish his new opinions in his Medical Journal. When, in 1826 
and in 1830, Hufeland himself wrote an essay on Homoeopathy, 
which he published in his journal, he was honest and fair to 
Hahnemann in his deductions. He says :* "I was first induced 
to notice Homoeopathy, because I deemed it undignified to treat 
the new system with ridicule and contempt. Besides I had a 
long time esteemed the author for his earlier productions, and 
for his sterling contributions to the science of medicine; and I 
had also observed the names of several respectable men, who, in 
no way blinded by prejudice, had recognized the facts of the 
science as true. I need only enumerate President Von Wolf, 
of Warsaw; Medical Councillor Rau, of Giessen, and Medical 
Councillor Widmann, of Munich. I then made several success- 
ful experiments with Homoeopathic medicine, which necessarily 
still further excited my attention to the subject, and favourably 
convinced me that Homoeopathia could not be thrown aside with 
contempt, but was worthy of a rigid investigation." 

Hufeland then in a dispassionate and careful manner discusses 
the question at length; predicts the gradual amalgamation of the 
more liberal members of the two schools; and says in closing, 
that : " The peculiar and important problem for Homoeopathy is 
to search for and find new specific medicines." 

" At this period," saysRapou,t "there was a complete anarchy 
in the domain of therapeutics. Theories Hippocratico-vitalistic, 
Galenic, Mathematical, Chemical, Humoral, Electro-Galvanic, 
formed an inextricable tissue of variable opinions. Hahnemann 
had abstained from a search for therapeutical indications in this 
mass of hazardous theories. He had adopted a simple medica- 
tion, partly expectant, that corresponded more fully with his 
ideal of the art of healing. 

*BritishJotir7ial Homoeopathy. Vol. 16, p. 179. 

tHistoire de la doctrine medicale Honieopathique, Paris, 1S47. Vol. 2, 
P- 295- 




Hahnemann now used only the remedies called "specifics," 
whose effects were in a measure known. Their physiological 
action was, however, but little understood. The schools were 
not in accord. One school would prescribe for a given disease a 
drug that another would unreservedly repudiate. It was known 
that a certain drug in a certain case would produce a certain 
effect. But the combination of drugs in vogue prevented this 
property from being perfectly ascertained. His dissatisfaction 
increased. He looked to the medical knowledge of the day for 
a reliable method of curing his patients, and met nothing but 
•doubt and disappointment.* 

One can readily understand that to Hahnemann, the trans- 
lator, the philologist, accustomed to the arbitrary rules govern- 
ing language, this laxity and confusion in the laws of medicine 
must have been a continual source of annoyance. 

I^et it be borne in mind that he was a thoroughly well-posted 
physician, skilled both in theory and practice, better read in the 
various notions of the medical books of the time than most of his 
fellows. Besides, his position as " Stadtphysikus " was an in- 
fluential one.f In Germany the pharmaceutical chemists are 
under the control and supervision of a medical ofi&cer called the 
'''Stadtphysikus," who must necessarily be a well-posted medical 
man. He visits the chemists' shops and drug stores of his 
neighborhood at stated intervals to inspect the drugs. The fact 
of his holding this position is proof enough of his ability as a 

He was also a surgeon; his treatment of necrosis by scraping 
the bone proves that. He was a prominent physician of the 
time, and yet we find him honestly saying, so little confidence 
had he in the prevailing methods, that most of his patients 
would have done as well without his aid. 

The inconsistencies and fallacies of the day fell so far below 
liis ideal of a possible healing art that he was loath to continue 
in practice. He had dear ones depending upon his labors, and 

*Hom. World, Vol. X., p. 132. fBumett's "Ecce Medicus," p. 133. 


his position as health officer gave him a certain means of 
support, and on the other hand, he was a conscientious man, 
and remembered the teachings of his good father, never to ac- 
cept anything in science until it had been proven to be true by- 
investigation. After some time of doubt his honesty won the 
battle, and he resolved to investigate for himself; to discover if 
God had not indeed given some certain law by means of which 
the diseases of mankind could be cured with certainty. 

Although his heart was absorbed in the desire to do good, and 
his love for medical science was very great, his ideas of right 
prevented him from continuing longer in practice. 

Consequently he resigned his position at Gommern, in the 
autumn of 1784. He, in his autobiography, says that he 
located at Gommern towards the close of the year 1781, and 
that he remained there for two and three quarter years, marrying 
soon after entering upon his duties as town doctor. The parish 
register of Dessau gives December, 1782, as the time of his 
marriage; Albrecht also mentions 1782, as the bridal year. 
According to this, Hahnemann must have been at Gommern 
for some months before his wedding occurred. Living two 
years and nine months at Gommern, he must have departed for 
Dresden in the fall of 1784, 

It has been asserted that Hahnemann was compelled to relin- 
quish at this time the practice of medicine, because he was 
unable to earn a living. This, however, is not true. He had 
the important position of town physician, with its certain in- 
come; he had also other practice until he absolutely refused to 
treat those who had long been his patients, and besides this his 
translations brought him in a further sum. Had he wished he 
could have remained in Gommern, for means for his ample living 
were assured. According to the statements made by his contem- 
poraries and by himself, he resigned his position, and left Gom- 
mern simply because he had become disgusted with the errors 
and uncertainties of the prevalent methods of medical practice, 
and wished earnestly to seek for some better method. He re- 
duced himself and his family to want for conscience sake.* 

Despite the perplexities of his professional life, Hahnemann 
enjoyed a happy home life; he had his young wife and his 
little Henrietta to gladden his heart. That he was a tender and 

* " Ecce Medicus," p. 40. 


affectionate father, is well shown by the following slumber 
song, or lullaby, which he composed for his baby, while living 
at Gommern. It may thus be translated, and still retain all the 
sweetness and force of the original German : 
Sleep daughter, gently ! 
The yellow bird chirps in the wood; 
Lightly it jumps o'er the ice and the snow, 
And quietly sleeps on bare branches — so. 
Gently sleep.* 

As has been stated, Hahnemann located at Dresden in the 
autumn of 1784; he remained in that city until the time of 
Michaelmas (last of September), 1789. Dudgeon says that the 
latter portion of this time, he passed in the village of L,ockowitz, 
near Dresden. f 

The change from the dead and alive Gommern, whose inhabi- 
tants never before had a doctor and did not wish for one, to mag- 
nificent Dresden, the home of the arts and sciences, must have 
been, to our scholar, very delightful, Dresden, at this period, 
was a fortified city, the residence of the Elector of Saxony, and 
contained many handsome buildings, among which were the 
Elector's palace; the great cathedral; the gallery of paintings, 
rich in the masterpieces of Correggio; the Academy of Archi- 
tecture, Sculpture and Painting; and many fine private mansions. 

There was also a Japanese palace, which was a vast museum 
of valuable articles of virtu, among its treasures being a collec- 
tion of foreign and Saxon china and porcelain. The first and 
second stories of this palace were devoted to the Electoral 
Eibrary, that had been made up of several smaller collections 
and at the time of which we write contained some 140,000 vol- 
umes. This library was one of the richest in Germany in histori- 
cal and antiquarian works. 

Dresden, with its wealth and culture, with its massive bridge 
spanning the swift-flowing Elbe and uniting the old and new 
town — princely Dresden, gave to Hahnemann ample opportun- 
ity for the life of scholarly delights that he had so greatly 

He did not practice medicine, but devoted himself to his trans- 
lations from the French, English and Italian. He also pursued 
with renewed zeal the study of his favorite chemistry. He be- 

*"Biographisches Deukmal," p. iii. f " Biography of Hahnemann," 
1854, p. 21. 


came a very great friend of the town physician, one Dr. Wagner, 
who gave him valuable assistance in the study of medical juris- 
prudence, introduced him to the hospital, and, on account of his 
own illness, obtained magisterial consent to his appointment to the 
charge of the town hospitals for a year, placing all the infirmaries 
under his charge. It must be remembered that the Hahnemann 
who was chosen to take the place for the time of the highest 
medical officer in that country was no unknown young physician. 
He was well known to the world of medicine and of science; his 
chemical researches and his masterly translations of scientific 
books had also spread his fame beyond his own country. 

He also formed the friendship of the celebrated philologist, 
John Christopher Adelung, the superintendent of the Electoral 
Library. There was much similarity of thought between these 
distinguished scholars. But a short time before Adelung had 
resigned a position of honor at Erfurt for opinion's sake, as 
Hahnemann had for a like reason just done at Gommern.* Like 
Hahnemann, Adelung was a man of great industry; he possessed 
a vast knowledge of languages, had composed much, and was a 
close student, devoting himself, it is said, for fourteen hours 
daily to study. To show the extent of his learning it may be 
mentioned that he was the compiler of a book in five large vol- 
umes, Berlin, 1806-17, which is a history of all the known lan- 
guages and dialects of the world, with an account of all the 
books printed in or relating to them; it is known as the " Mithri- 
dates" of Adelung. 

The use of this extensive library, which his friend Adelung 
granted freely to Hahnemann, was of great benefit in his studies. 
Dassdorf, the librarian, also became his friend and greatly as- 
sisted him. During this delightful literary life Hahnemann met 
the author and experimentalist Blumenbach, and the brilliant 
but ill-fated chemist Lavoisier, who in the reign of terror at 
Paris became a victim to the guillotine. 

Happy in the congenial company of these talented men, at 
home in the quietness of the great library, with all his desires 
for knowledge gratified, the four years of Dresden life passed 
very speedily. 

His son Frederick was born in Dresden, in 1786; and his sec- 
ond daughter, Wilhelmina. 

*" Biography of Hahnetuan," Horn. World, Vol. 10. p. 134. 


Here lie made the following important translations: 

In 1787, Demachy's "Art of Manufacturing Vinegar," from 
the French; in this giving many original notes and an original 
appendix. The same year he made another French translation, 
on the "Detection of the Purity and Adulteration of Drugs," by 
J. B. Van den Sande. Van den Sande was an apothecary at 
Brussels, who had in 1784, published a book with the above title. 

Hahnemann, in translating it into the German so added to, 
and amended it that the main part really was his work. All 
Hahnemann's directions are as usual complete and careful.. 
His tests for drugs are concise and correct. He introduces 
many new discoveries and suggestions for the detection of 
adulteration. He shows also earnest efforts to determine the 
limits of the activity of substances and their solubilit3^ In all 
his suggestions he is exceedingly accurate. He complains of 
the untrustworthiness of pharmaceutical preparations "which 
no conscientious doctor could prescribe," and asks, "on what 
can a doctor rely?" He imparts many important chemical 
discoveries. It is in this publication that he first gives his 
celebrated wine test. Wine was often sweetened by the addition 
of sugar of lead which caused colics, emaciation and death. 
The Wirtemberg wine test, in use at this time, was very un- 
certain; and by it iron and lead could not be distinguished. 
After exhaustively discussing the subject, he presents the 
following: "Acidulated sulphureted hydrogen water precipi- 
tates arsenic, lead, antimony, silver, mercury, copper, tin and 
bismuth, present in a suspected fluid. By the addition of the 
acid, metals of the iron group to be tested remain in solution." 

This is Hahnemann's wine test, and is to-day used in the 
laboratory of the chemist as a test for metals. With this he 
detected lead in a solution of the proportion of i to 30,000. 
This test was greatly praised by the chemical and scientific 
journals of the day. Trommsdorff's Journal of Pharmacy stated 
that ignorance of Hahnemann's Wine Test was damning evi- 
dence of the incompetence of many apothecaries.* 

In 1789 he translated the "History of the Lives of Abelard 
and Heloise" from the English of Sir Joseph Barrington. This 
translation was mentioned by the critics as being correct and 
fluent, and of value to romantic history. 

*"Ameke, " pp. 21-29. 




Hahnemann, during his stay at Dresden, published also the 
following original books. In 1786, a masterly work on "Poi- 
soning by Arsenic: Its Treatment and Judicial Investigation." 
This book marked a new era in the analysis and best modes of 
detection of arsenical poisoning. This he calls his firstling, 
and dedicates it "To the Majesty of the good Kaizer Joseph." 

In it he devotes space to discussion of the limit of the activity 
of the Arsenic. He opposes the unregulated sale of Arsenic 
"fever powders," and advances plans for the prescription of 
poisons, that have since been adopted. He suggests that there 
be a locked room for poisons in the drug store; that only the 
proprietor or some responsible representative should have the 
key ; that record should be kept in a book of the name and ad- 
dress of each purchaser, who should also sign this record, which 
should be open to the inspection of a Board of Examiners, 
yearly. In his patient research he quotes 86 1 passages from 
389 different authors and books, in different languages and 
belonging to diflerent ages, and gives accurately both volume 
and page.* 

By means of Hahnemann's book new and better modes of 
analyzing Arsenic were introduced into medical jurisprudence. 
It received praise from the leading scientists of the day. 

Hahnemann's opinion in regard to the medicine of the time is 
fully shown b}' the following statement published in the preface 
of this book: 

" A number of causes — I dare not to count them up — have for 
centuries been dragging down the dignity of that divine science 
of practical medicine, and have converted it into a miserable 
grabbing after bread, a mere cloaking of symptoms, a degrading 
prescription trade, a ver}' God- forgotten handiwork, so that the 
real physicians are hopelessly jumbled together with a heap of 
befrilled medicine mongers. How seldom is it possible for a 
straightforward man by means of his great knowledge of the 
sciences, and by his talents to raise himself above the crojvd of 

*Ameke, p. 17. 


medicasters, and to throw such a pure, bright sheen upon the 
Healing Art at whose altar he ministers that it becomes impos- 
sible even for the common herd to mistake a glorious, benign 
evening star for mere vapoury skyfall. How seldom is such a 
phenomenon seen, and hence how difficult it is to obtain for a 
purified science of medicine a renewal of her musty letters of 

At this time he was greatly devoted to chemistry, and contrib- 
uted, during the years 1787-S8-89, the following important 
essays to Crell's Annals of Chemistry. This journal was the first 
to be devoted to chemistry in Germany, and Hahnemann was a 
contributor from 1787 to 1794. " On the Difficulty of Preparing 
Soda from Potash and Kitchen Salt." At this time soda pre- 
pared by means of the methods known, cost nine shillings a 
pound. Hahnemann by means of potash and by crystallization 
at different temperatures obtained it from salt much cheaper. 
"On the Influence of Certain Gases in the Fermentation of 
Wine." The method for the rapid manufacture of vinegar, 
•discovered in 1833, ^^^ ^^ this time in use, was to let alcohol 
rapidly run over chips of beech wood. In this essay Hahne- 
miann announces his discovery that the influence of the oxygen 
•of the air will rapidly produce the desired result. He tried the 
eff"ect of three gases on wine. He prepared three bottles, each 
•containing four ounces of wine, In one he placed oxygen gas; 
in another, nitrogen; in the other, carbonic acid. He sealed 
them, kept them for two months at the same temperature, shak- 
ing each thirty times a day. Upon examination, he found that 
the wine in the oxygen bottle had become strong vinegar. 
"On the Wine Test for Iron and Lead," "On Bile and Gall 
■Stones." In this he exposed the fresh bile from a man who had 
been shot while in health, to the effect of certain salts, in order 
to test their value in liver diseases. "Essay on a New Agent 
in the Prevention of Putrefaction." He found that lunar caustic 
is an antiseptic in a solution of i to 1000, and observed antisep- 
tic effects from a solution of i to 100,000. "Unsuccessful Ex- 
periments," "Letter to Crell on Baryta," "Discovery of a New 
■Constituent in Plumbago," "Observations on the Astringent 
Principles of Plants." 

We come now to another important treatise, the " Exact Mode 
*J. C. Burnett's " Ecce Medicus," p. 33. London, 1881. 


of Preparing the Soluble Mercury, 1789." Chemists had for a: 
long time been searching for a preparation of Merairy less- 
corrosive than the sublimate, muriate or sulphate, then in use. 
Hahnemann, by the use of nitric acid and iron, at last obtained' 
the desired result. Gren, who had previously attacked Hahne- 
mann on his test for metals, said of this: "The problem of Herr 
Macques to obtain a preparation of Mercury which is at once 
very soluble in the acids present in the body, and yet free from 
corrosive properties, is fully solved by Herr Hahnemann's Mer- 
curiiis solubilisy This preparation has been greatl}^ praised by 
chemists and physicians. 

" Instructions Concerning Venereal Diseases, Together with a 
New Mercurial Preparation." In this he gives instructions con- 
cerning the use of Mercury, and treats of its effects on the body, 
known as " mercurial fever." This book was written at Locko- 
witz, near Dresden, in 1788, and was published at Leipsic, in 
1789. He also published several other papers about this time 
on the subject of Mcfciiry and its relation to syphilis. 

But the in.satiable thirst for extended knowledge still impelled 
Hahnemann, and in the latter part of September, 1789, he re- 
moved to Leipsic "in order to be nearer to the fountain of sci- 

It is well to consider the next words of his autobiography very 
carefully: "Here I quietly witness the Providence which Des- 
tiny assigns to each of my days, the number of which lies in her 
hand." Only ten years before he had received his degree as 
physician, and during that time had become so dissatisfied with 
medical methods that he preferred to devote all his time to liter- 
ary life, continuing in the meantime his chemical labors and in- 
vestigations. In this time he had discovered very mau}^ valuable- 
facts in chemistry, had translated several scientific books into the- 
German, and had given to the world a number of essays on import- 
ant subjects. It is interesting in this connection to note the effect; 
of the life of the man during these ten years upon his future. It 
would seem that the days passed in the librar}- of Baron Brucken- 
thal, the practice in Hungary, the hours of doubt and uncertainty 
in sleepy Gommern, the delightful intercourse in scholarly Dres" 
den, all became means to develop and equip Hahnemann for the 
brilliant discoveries that he was soon destined to make. The 
translation concerning the adulteration of drugs led him to doubt 


the good faith of the pharmacists, and his knowledge gained while 
inspector of drugs, of their substitutions and fraudulent prac- 
tices probably went far in the future to favor his desire to pre- 
pare and dispense his own medicines. And the hours of pains- 
taking necessary in translating were the means of giving his 
mind the needful exactness for the future mathematical law of 
healing God was to allow him to discover. How little did he yet 
understand the ' ' Providence that Destiny was to assign to his 
days !" The long years of persecution; the quiet of the garden 
of Koethen; the luxury of life in the gayest city in the world, - 
and the peaceful end with the knowledge that he " had not lived 



Once more established in his beloved Leipsic, he resumed his- 
translations. In 1790 he published a translation from the Eng- 
lish: "Ryan on Diseases of the Lungs," and the same year, 
from the Italian: " Fabbroni on the Art of Making Wine on 
Rational Principles," adding, as was his custom, many notes. 
Crell's Annalen says:* "Well merited applause this work has> 
received. Besides the fact that this translation is faithful and 
successful, Herr Hahnemann has added precious notes which 
expand and elucidate Fabbroni's principles; he has thus en- 
hanced the value of the work." 

We now come to the translation of a very important book,, 
from which must be dated the discovery of the L,aw of the Simi- 
lars, Cullen's " Materia Medica." It has been asked why Hahne- 
mann at this time happened to translate this particular book, and 
it has been asserted that he used it as a blind to foist on the world 
his particular theories. It is not probable that when he com- 
menced upon "Cullen" Hahnemann had any particular medical 
theories, but only a growing disgust for the medical fallacies of 
the day. This is clearly evidenced by his writings at that time. 
It is not to be wondered at that he should translate the work 
at that time. He was translating for money, for the booksellers 

*Ameke, page 40. 


and publishers of Leipsic, and it is not likely that he selected 
the books which he was to translate. 

Dr. CuUen was an authority on the subject of the Materia 
Medica of his day, an experienced lecturer, a talented chemist, 
and a brilliant and popular teacher in Edinburgh. Naturally 
the Germans wished to learn of his new and peculiar theories 
regarding disease, as well as to obtain the use of his Materia 
Medica, that at this time was a standard work.* 

Hahnemann was the most accomplished translator of medical 
works of the time, and what more natural than that the task 
should be given to him. Cullen published the first edition of 
this book, in London, in 1773. Another edition was issued in 
17S9, in two volumes, and it was this edition that Hahnemann 
used in his translation. In this book. Volume II.. Cullen devotes 
about twenty pages to Cortex Peruvianis (Peruvian Bark), giving 
its therapeutical uses in the treatment of intermittent and remit- 
tent fevers, advises its use to prevent the chill, and gives minute 
directions for the safest period of the disease in which to use it. 
Hahnemann was impressed with the use of this drug, with which 
he as a physician had before been familiar. Something in the 
manner in which Cullen wrote decided Hahnemann to experi- 
ment with it upon himself and to see what effect it would have 
upon a person in perfect health. The result of this experiment 
will be given in Hahnemann's own words. In the translation 
of William Cullen's "Materia Medica," Leipsic, Schweikert, 
1790, page 108 of Volume II., appears the following foot note by 
Hahnemann: "By combining the strongest bitters and the 
strongest astringents, one can obtain a compound which, in 
small doses, possesses much more of both these properties than 
the bark, and yet no specific for fever will ever come of such a 
compound. This the author (Cullen) ought to have accounted 
for. This will, perhaps, not so easily be discovered for explain- 
ing to us their action, in the absence of the Cincho7ia principle." 
" Substances which excite a kind of fever, as very strong coffee, 
pepper. Aconite, Ignatia, Arsenic, extinguish the types of the 
fever. I took by way of experiment, twice a day, four drachms 
of good China. My feet, finger ends, etc., at first became cold; 
I grew languid and drowsy; then my heart began to palpitate, 
and my pulse grew hard and small; intolerable anxiety, trem- 

*Cullen died in 1790. 


bling (but without cold rigor), prostration throughout all my 
limbs; then pulsation in my head, redness of my cheeks, thirst, 
and, in short, all these symptoms, which are ordinarily charac- 
teristic of intermittent fever, made their appearance, one after 
the other, yet without the peculiar chilly, shivering rigor." 

' ' Briefly, even those symptoms which are of regular occurrence 
and especially characteristic — as the stupidity of mind, the kind 
of rigidity in all the limbs, but, above all the numb, disagreeable 
sensation, which seems to have its seat in the periosteum, over 
every bone in the body — all these make their appearance. This 
paroxysm lasted two or three hours each time, and recurred if I 
repeated this dose, not otherwise; I discontinued it, and was in 
good health."* The next note, occurring but a few pages be- 
yond, in the German translation, is as follows: 

' ' Had he (Cullen) found traces in bark of a power to excite an 
artificial antagonistic fever, he certainly would not have per- 
sisted so obstinately in his mode of explanation." 

Further on Cullen says: f " Although I would not rigourously 
insist on the employment of a single dose near to the time of ac- 
cession, yet I am strongly of opinion, that the nearer tne exhi- 
bition is brought to that time, it will be the more certainly 
effectual. To explain this not commonly understood; we must 
remark, that the effects of the bark on the human body are not 
very durable. I have had opportunities of observing that a 
considerable quantity of bark given, was not sufficient to pre- 
vent a relapse in a few days after." Hahnemann makes the 
following foot note about this: " How comes it that the effects of 
bark are so short lived, as is indeed the case, if it be not true 
that bark, besides the astringent and tonic bitter propensities 
ascribed to it by writers, especially by the author, possesses an- 
other power, (that of exciting fever of a peculiar kind) ?" % 

A very graphic description of these experiments of Hahne- 
mann is given in " Samuel Hahnemann, a Biographical Study," || 
as follows: " To judge of the physiological effect of bark he took 
several doses as prescribed by the profession for ague. The re- 

*Brit. Jour. Hom.,Yo\. 24, p. 207. Ameke, p. 103. 

tCullen's "Treatise of the Materia Medica. Edinburgh, 1789 Vol. 2, 
p. 64. 
• % Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. 24, p. 215. 

\\Hom. World, Vol. 10, p. 234. 1875. 


suit was that in his previously healthy system there occurred 
decided paroxysms resembling those of ague. The experiment 
had carried him farther than he anticipated. It had taught him 
not only the exact physiological effects of bark; it had shown 
him that those effects were apparently the same as the symptoms 
of the disease it was given with undeniable success to cure. 
Does Bark, then, he asked, produce the same symptoms as it 
removes ? Does it alike produce and cure Ague ? It is called a 
^Specific* Is the Specific curing power of drugs founded on 
such a principle ? Do they all uniformly excite a counterfeit 
disease to that which they remedy ? Drug after drug, specific 
after specific was tested on himself and on healthy friends with 
one unvarying result — each remedy of recognized specific power 
excited a spurious disease resembling that for which it was con- 
sidered specific. But many more symptoms than those diag- 
nostic of any one disease resulted from almost every medicine, 
and aroused a hope in the experimenter's mind of specifically 
itreating a greater number of diseases than had ever been so 
.treated before. Besides discovering many valuable medicinal 
phenomena undreamt of, he verified his discoveries and obser- 
vations by ransacking the volumes of recorded experiments on 
Materia Medica and the whole history of poisoning. The effect 
of his investigations was not, therefore, a blind leap from one 
false theory to another which might be equally fallacious and 
more mischievous than the former one. Six years were ex- 
pended in proving drugs and verifying his principle before pro- 
<:laiming it to the world." 

Regarding these first experiments in proving drugs on the 
healthy, Everest says: f " Inasmuch as the action of the same 
substance varied according to the age, sex, and idiosyncrasy of 
the subject to whom it was administered, it was not considered 
.sufficient to experiment on a few individuals. His own family 
were all pressed into the service, and each substance was tried 
in various doses on many different persons, under every possible 
variety of circumstance, and beneath the immediate inspection of 
Hahnemann himself." 

*Wellkuown to physicians at that time. 

t " Popular View of Homoeopathy," p. 85. New York, 1842. 




Hahnemann at this time, 1790, was poor; he had a growing 
famil}^ and nothing to depend upon but his translations, to 
which, and to his chemical researches, he devoted all his time. 
The Rev. Mr. Everest, who was a personal friend of Hahne- 
mann during the latter years of his life, and who certainly knew 
from his own lips somewhat of his earlier years, says:* " It was 
in the midst of poverty, in one little room which contained his 
whole family, in a corner, separated from the rest of them by a 
curtain, under every discouragement, and with a hungry family 
to maintain by hard drudgery, in the intervals of his own in- 
vestigations, that he set himself to his task. It may, perhaps, 
give a better idea of the man himself, if I mention, that, when 
I once asked him why he smoked he replied: ' Oh, it's an idle 
habit, contracted when I had to sit up every other night, in 
order to get bread for my children, while I was pursuing my own 
investigations by day.' I then learned on farther inquiry, that 
having resigned his practice as a medical man, he was compelled 
to earn a living by translating for the booksellers, and had, to 
enable him to continue his investigations, adopted the plan of 
sitting up the whole of every other night." 

Thus it may be seen that Hahnemann was greatly in earnest 
to thus follow his new theory, and endeavor to find some better 
and surer method of healing the sick than was at that time 
known. Certainly his self-denying life is sufficient answer to 
the half lies of his detractors, ancient and modern. It was the 
effort of a single-minded and pure-hearted man to discover the 
truth in the manner that his father had long before taught 
him in this maxim: "Never take anything for granted, nor 
receive anything in any science as a truth, until you have in- 
vestigated it for yourself." 

During the year 1791, Hahnemann received honors from two 
important societies. He was elected a member of the Oekono- 
mische Gesellschaft of L,eipzig, and also Fellow of the Academy 
of Sciences of Mayence. 

^Russell's "Homoeopathy in 1851," p. 305. Edinburgh and London, 1852. 


His discoveries in chemistry, and his wonderful knowledge of 
medical subjects were attracting the attention of the scientific 
men of his time. 

During the year, 1791, he translated Grigg's "Advice to the 
Female Sex;" Arthur Young's "Annals of Agriculture," in 
two volumes; Rigby's "Chemical Observations of Sugar;" 
Monro's "Medical and Pharmaceutical Chemistry," two volumes, 
from the English; and Metherie's " Essay on Pure Air," from the 
French. *Crell, in mentioning this new translation in the 
Aiinalen, says : "The translator is Dr. Hahnemann, a man wha 
has rendered many services to science both by his own writings 
on chemistry, and by his excellent translations of important 
foreign works. His services have been already recognized, but 
deserve to be still more so." 

He, also, during this year, wrote original articles for Crell's 
Annalen on "The Insolubility of Metals," and on the "Best 
Means of Preventing Salivation, and the Destructive Effects of 

Monro in his ' ' Chemico-Pharmaceutical Materia Medica, ' ' alsa 
mentions the Cortex Peruvianis, devoting to it about twenty 
pages of the second volume, and Hahnemann again adds ori- 
ginal notes as follows : 

t Monro having said: "I have seen people who within a 
month have taken from eight to ten ounces of it {Cortex Peruv.) 
without the least good effect; but who on the other hand were 
cured when they took two ounces in a single day, and kept up 
this dose for two or three days successively." 

To this Hahnemann made the following answer: " Nor is this 
quantity necessary. The patient is not overloaded, and an 
equally good result is attained in regular intermittent fever if, 
shortly before the expected attack, one or two good doses are 
administered; for instance, two hours and one hour before the 
approach of the paroxysm, from one and a half to two drachms 
in each dose of good bark in substance. All previous doses 
given long before the attack are of little or no avail in checking 
it. Should the first attack not appear, then let the same treat- 
ment be followed with respect to the second, and reduce the dose 
to half at the time the third may be expected." 

*Ameke, p. 40, 

■\ Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. 24, p. 218. 


"If, as Cullen and others suppose, the anti-pyretic power of 
bark proceeded from its tonic properties, it would be more to be 
depended on to cure intermittent fever in the first mode of ex- 
hibition than in the second, since the system must be certainly 
more strengthened by taking ten ounces in a month than by 
taking one or two ounces in five or six doses immediately before 
the attack; but this is not the case. If, however, my opinion, 
more circumstantially worked out in the remarks on Cullen 's 
' Materia Medica,' be admitted, 'that the bark, besides its tonic 
property, overrules and subdues intermittent fever by exciting a 
fever, peculiar to itself, and of short duration,' then it will not 
be difficult to solve this paradox. All other substances which 
excite antagonistic irritability and artificial fever, check inter- 
mittent fever, if administered shortly before the attack, as speci- 
fically as bark, only they are not so certain in their operation. 
Of this kind are Ipecacuanha, taken dry, Ignatia, Arsenic, Pepper, 
Wine, and Brandy, a concentrated infusion of several ounces of 
burnt coffee with lemon juice, and so on, none of which belong 
in the least to tonic remedies. The first (^Ipecacuanha) is even 
useful in cases where bark has been already tried in vain, or 
with injury to the patient. Besides, there are medicines much 
more bitter and astringent than bark, for instance, the powder of 
gall apples mixed with gentian root, and still the bark is pre- 
ferred for checking intermittent fever; indeed, all bitter plants 
excite, in large doses, some artificial fever, however small, and 
thus occasionally drive away intermittent fever by themselves. 
I have stated my opinion on this subject and would add that this 
power to excite a peculiar fever appears the more probable from 
the well known fact that, in common with everything which stim- 
ulates the action of the heart and arteries, it increases the heat, 
even in the mildest attacks, if administered during the hot stage 
itself, especially where fulness of blood predominates." 

The next remark on the bark disease can be found in the " Or- 
ganon." There is also a note in the third volume of the 1825 
edition of the Materia Medica Picra regarding the fever-exciting 
power of Cinchona. 

It may be mentioned that Hahnemann was not the first to 
translate "Cullen's Materia Medica" into German. In 1781, 
Dr. Geo. W. Chr. Consbruch made the translation: It was pub- 


lished in Leipzig by Weygand. A second edition was issued in 

So much has been written about this discovery of the inter- 
mittent fever producing powers of Quinine, and so man}' mis- 
representations made of Hahnemann's position in the matter that 
it has been deemed wise to make these quotations at length. 
" Hahnemann never said that bark could produce intermittent 
fever in a healthy person, but that the artificial, antagonistic fever 
produced by bark is attended with symptoms similar to those 
which appear in the intermittent fever, "f 

In Hahnemann's proving of China the names of twenty-one 
of his pupils are mentioned as provers.:{: 

Hahnemann was not the first to try drugs on the healthy or- 
ganism. Anton Stoerck, on June 23, 1760, rubbed fresh Sb-am- 
ony on his hands to see if, as the botanists said, it would inebri- 
ate him. II • It did not, and he then rubbed some in a mortar, and, 
sleeping in the same room, got a headache. He then made an 
extract, placing it on his tongue. He wished to know if the 
drug could be safely used as a remedy. Stoerck says that if 
Stramo7iinvi disturbs the senses and produces mental derange- 
ment in persons who are healthy, it might very easily be admin- 
istered to maniacs for the purpose of restoring the senses by 
effecting a change of ideas. Crumpe, an Irish physician, tried 
drugs on the healthy, and published a book in London on the 
effects of Opium, in 1793, three years after the first experiments 
of Hahnemann. Hahnemann refers in the "Organon" to the 
Danish surgeon, Stahl, who says: " I am convinced that diseases 
are subdued by agents which produce a similar affection. "§ 

Haller, of the University of Gottingen, wrote:^, "In the first 

*Dr. Wilhelm Cullen's, Professors der medizinischen Praxis iu Ediu- 
"bvirg Materia Medica, oder Lehre von den Rahruugs-uud Arzueymittelu. 
Nach dem neuen und vom Verfasser allein fur acht euerkannten Origiual. 
Zweite Auflage. Aus dem Euglischen mit uothigeu Zusassen herausgege- 
ben von G. W. C. Consbruch, Doktor der Arznej'wisseuschaft iu Bielefeld 
in Westphalen. Mit Chursachsisclier Freiheit. Leipzig : Wej-gaud. 1890. 
80 pp. 609. 

■\Brit. Jotir. Horn., Vol. 24, p. 218. 

XBrit. Jour. Hotn., Vol. 24, p. 232. 

II" Ecce Medicus," pp. 91-4. 

i^" Organon," New York, 4th ed., p. 91. 

*\ Mottihly Horn. Review, Vol. 10, p. 584. 


place the remedy is to be tried upon the healthy body, without 
any foreign substance mixed with it; a small dose is to be taken; 
attention is to be directed to every eflfort produced by it on the 
pulse, the temperature, the respiration, the secretions." 

The first portion of the ' ' Organon' ' is devoted by Hahnemann to 
citations from medical writers in whose experiments the law of 
the similars is clearly forshadowed. Several almost reached the 
practical deductions from this law. Hahnemann alone possessed 
the necessary medical and chemical knowledge to follow out 
and develop the vague ideas of his medical fathers. The years 
of study in the vast libraries were beginning to bear fruit. The 
law was there, had been from the first; the mind to grasp that 
law was needed. Hahnemann always modestly said that his 
discovery was God's gift to him for the benefit of mankind. 

During the year 1792 Hahnemann published an article in 
Crell's An7ialen on the " Preparation of Glauber's Salts," and 
also on the "Art of Wine Testing." He also wrote the first 
part of the "Friend to Health." This consists of a series of 
short essays on hygienic subjects, and will well repay careful 
study at the present day. It may be found in the "I^esser 

He did not now practice medicine; his translations gave him 
but a meagre support; he had a growing family, and some time, 
probably in the year 1791, poverty compelled him to remove 
from I^eipsic to the little village of Stotteritz. Burnett says of this 
time: *"He there clad himself in the garb of the very poor, 
wore clogs of wood, and helped his wife in the heavy work of 
the house, and kneaded his bread with his own hands." 

His children fell sick; the future looked very dark to the 
honest seeker after truth. He had lost faith in medicine. Of 
this time he writes: f" Where shall I look for aid, sure aid? 
sighed the disconsolate father on hearing the moaning of his 
dear, inexpressibly dear sick children. The darkness of night 
and the dreariness of a desert all around me; no prospect of 
relief for my oppressed paternal heart." 

*"Ecce Medicus," p 43. 

fLetter to Hufeland, "Lesser Writiugs," New York, p. 513. 




It is to be remembered that during the two years following- the 
translation of Cullen, Hahnemann continued to experiment upon 
himself and on his family and certain of his friends with differ- 
ent substances. But he had not as yet tested the truth of his 
new principle on the sick. The insanity of Klockenbring gave 
him this opportunity. 

In 1792 he went to Georgenthal, in the Principality of Gotha, 
to take charge of an asylum for the insane and to treat Herr 
Klockenbring. There are several different accounts of this 
period of his life. Hartmann says: * "The opportunity for con- 
firming his opinion was soon afforded, especially in the hospital 
for the insane at Georgenthal. This institution had been erected 
by Duke Ernst of Gotha, and was situated in one of the most 
beautiful portions of the Principality of Gotha, at the foot of the 
Thuringian Forest, three leagues distant from Gotha, the capital 
city. He was appointed manager by the Duke, and opened the 
institution in the beginning of August, 1792. Here he cured, 
among others, the chancellor's private secretary, who had become 

There is some diversity of opinion as to whether this 
asylum was in operation before this time, or whether he was 
first called to the Duke as his private physician. It is most 
likely that it was not opened until the insanity of Klockenbring 
made it a necessity, and it also seems probable that he was the 
only patient treated there. Hahnemann himself says, in his de- 
scription of this gentleman's case: " After having been for sev- 
eral years much occupied with diseases of the most tedious and 
desperate character in general, and of all sorts of venereal mal- 
adies, cachexies, hypochondriasis, and insanity in particular, 
with the assistance of the excellent reigning Duke, I established 
three years ago a convalescent asylum for patients afflicted with 
such disorders, in Georgenthal near Gotha. "f 

*Allgent. Honi. Zeitung, Vol. 26, p. 145. 

t" Lesser Writings of Hahuemanu," New York, p. 243. 


In the Monthly Homoeopathic Reviezv, London, 1887, the fol- 
lowing account of this important episode in Hahnemann's life is 

In the latter part of 179 1 or the first part of 1792 a friend of 
Hahnemann, one R. Z. Becker, was the editor and proprietor of 
a paper called the Reichanzeiger, which was, while Hahnemann 
lived in Gotha, called Der Anzeiger, and was a newspaper used 
in discussions among physicians or in communicating the one 
with the other. It was afterwards caW&di Der Reichanzeig-er, and 
in 1806 was called Det' Allgevieine Anzeiger der Deutschen. 
Hahnemann frequently wrote articles for its columns. 

An article was published in this paper describing, at Hahne- 
mann's suggestion, a model asylum for the treatment, by gentle 
methods, of the insane of the higher classes of society. The wife 
of F. A. Klockenbriug, the Hanoverian Minister of Police, Secre- 
tary to the Chancellery of Hanover, saw this article and was by 
the editor referred to Hahnemann. For about five years Klock- 
enbriug had, from his severe labors and his fast life, developed a 
great eccentricity. In the winter of 1791-92 he became the sub- 
ject of a lampoon by the German dramatist, Kotzebue, in which 
he was named " Bahrdt with the iron forehead." On account 
of this he became violently insane and had been treated by Dr. 
Wichmann,the Hanoverian Court Physician, whom Hahnemann 
calls "one of the greatest physicians of our age," for some time 
without benefit. Madame Klockenbriug was so much impressed 
with this article and with an interview with Hahnemann that 
she desired-him to take charge of the case of her husband. To 
this he consented, but as he had no place in which to treat this 
violent madman, and as no doubt the Duke of Gotha was also 
interested in the cure of so distinguished a man as much as was 
Hahnemann himself, the following arrangement was made: 
The Duke gave up to Hahnemann a wing of his hunting castle 
at Georgenthal, at the foot of the Thuringer Wald, nine miles 
from Gotha, and caused it to be fitted up as an asylum. 

Hahnemann in his description of this casef speaks of the pre- 
vious eccentricity of the patient, of its causes, and of the effect 
of the lampoon, acting upon a mind already shaken. In the 

* Monthly Horn. Review, London, Vol. 31, p. 544. (Dr. Dudgeon.) Horn. 
World, London, Vol. 10, p. 235. 
t" Lesser Writings," New York, 1852, p. 244. 


winter of 179 1-2 the most fearful madness developed itself. He 
was brought to the asylum toward the end of June, 1792, in a very 
melancholy state accompanied by strong keepers. His face was 
covered with large spots, was dirty, and imbecile in expression. 
Day and night he raved. He was afflicted with strange halluci- 
nations, imagining himself in many positions. Would recite in 
Greek, recited, in the actual words of the Hebrew text, a Bible 
story to his keeper. His quotations from various languages 
were exact. He lived on terms of amity with emperors and 
queens. He destroyed his clothing and bedding, took his piano 
to pieces to discover the complementary tone of harmony, wrote 
at one time a prescription for his own cure that seemed adapted 
to the treatment of insanity — in fact, exhibited the most perfect 
forms of excitable mania. 

Hahnemann remarks that for two weeks he watched him care- 
fully before giving him any medicine. At the period of which we 
write the usual treatment of all forms of insanity was by violence, 
by chains, abuse, whipping and dungeons. Ameke says : " Physi- 
cians treated excitable and refractory maniacal patients like wild 
animals, corporal chastisement and nauseating medicines were 
ordinary means used. Furious maniacs were strapped down on 
a horizontal board which could be quickly turned on an axis to 
a vertical position, or put in a so-called rotating chair. ' It is 
shameful to confess,' says Westphal, in 1880, 'what a short time 
has elapsed since the insane were shown to the Sunday visitors 
of hospitals and workhouses as a sort of sport, and teased in 
order to amuse the visitors.' " 

Hahnemann did not countenance such cruelty and used only 
the mildest of methods in his treatment of the insane. He said: 
" I never allow an insane person to be punished either by blows 
or any other kind of corporal chastisement, because there is no 
punishment where there is no responsibility, and because these 
sufferers deserve only pity and are always rendered worse by such 
rough treatment and never improved." 

Dudgeon in his biography of Hahnemann says: *"May we 
not then justly claim for Hahnemann the honor of being the 
first who advocated and practiced the moral treatment of the 
insane? At all events he may divide the honor with Pinel, for 
we find that towards the end of this same year, 1792, when 

^Dudgeon's Lectures on Homoeopathy, 1852. 


Hahnemann was applying his principle of moral treatment to 
practice, Pinel made his first experiment of unchaining the 
maniacs of the Bicetre." (At Paris.) 

Klockenbring, as the result of his treatment, returned to Han- 
over ^^rc'^ in March, 1793. For this cure Hahnemann received 
a fee of 1,000 thalers, about $750, in addition to the expenses of 
the board of the patient. There is no record of any other patients 
in this asylum. H. A. O. Reichards in his autobiography says:* 
"On asking the witty Judge of Georgenthal, W. H. Jacobs, 
how many mad people Hahnemann had at that time in his 
asylum, he dryly answered, one, and that's himself." 

In Huf eland' s Jour^ial, Vol. 2, p. 313, appears the following 
note: "An account of Hahnemann's treatment of the insanity 
of Klockenbring is published in the Teutsch Monatschrift for 
February, 1796." 



In a little book, published about 1887, at Tubingen, by Dr. 
Bernhard Schuchardt of Gotha, are published a series of letters 
written by Hahnemann, between the years 1793 to 1805 to a 
patient, and by means of their dates his whereabouts during this 
time is quite exactly determined. A part of these letters were 
published in the Moyithly Homoeopathic Review for September, 
1887. They are of interest, as by them can be traced the gradual 
changes in his prescribing from the ordinary methods of the day 
to the more careful prescriptions of later years. This book and 
story were made the subject of Dr. Dudgeon's Hahnemann Ora- 
tion, delivered at the opening of the London Homoeopathic 
Medical School, October 3, 1887. f 

Hahnemann left Georgenthal about the middle of May, 1793, 
agoing from there to Molschleben, a small village near Gotha. 
Here he again devoted himself entirely to his literary pursuits. 
He continued work on the second part of the "Friend to Health," 
and composed the first part of the " Pharmaceutical Lexicon," or 

*"■ Monthly Horn. Review,'''' Vol. 31, p. 544. 
t"Idem,'' Vol. 31, p 719. 


"Apothecaries' Dictionary," as it was also called. Ameke says: 
The subjects are arranged alphabetically, and it treats of every- 
thing which could be of use to the apothecary in his work. The 
necessary utensils are carefully described. ]Cach article shows 
how well Hahnemann understood the subject. He often de- 
scribes new apparatus invented by himself; the apothecary's 
business of making up prescriptions and his laboratory work 
are accurately and clearly explained. He gives many directions 
which have now become legal enactments. He mentions the 
rules for the sale of poisons, gives the most minute directions for 
the care and preparation of drugs, gives the botanical description 
of remedies, their time of flowering and rules for their collec- 
tion, and refers to much literature upon this subject. He quotes 
from more than one hundred works of botanists and zoologists. 
He recommends the preparation of tinctures from fresh plants, 
and describes the medicinal uses of many drugs. This work ap- 
peared in numbers. It received the praise of all the scientific 
phy-sicians of the day, and became the standard work on phar- 

And yet it may be well to remember that this consummate 
chemist, botanist, and practical pharmacist, who had been a regu- 
lar pharmaceutical examiner, who was competent to write an 
exhaustive work upon these subjects, and who was, without 
doubt, the most qualified man of his time for such a task, was not, 
at a little later period, considered by the physicians of Leipsic 
a proper person to prepare and dispense his own medicines. 

The most skillful chemist of his time forbidden to dispense 
drugs ! And yet it is to be presumed that at the same time the 
excuse of these doctors was that Wi^ people viust be protected from 
irregiilar practitioners, as is in very isolated cases the argiunent at 
the present day! At this time the following cure was made by 
Hahnemann : 

"While living in the village of Molschleben, 'where my chil- 
dren enjoyed perfect health,' there were many children affected 
with so-called milk crust, and to an unusual degree. As Hahne- 
mann thought the disease could be communicated, he endeavored 
to prevent intercourse between his own and the infected children 
belonging to the village. One of the boys gained access to 
them. ' I saw him playing in close contact to them. I sent 
him away, but the infection had already taken place. The 


complaint began in the first child kissed, and then spread to 
the other three children.' "* 

' ■ I poured warm water over dry Hepar sidphuris (powdered 
oyster shells mixed with equal parts of Sidplnir, and kept for 
ten minutes at a white heat), and thus made a weak solution. 
I painted the faces of the two who had the eruption worst with 
this every hour for two consecutive days. After the first appli- 
cation the complaint was arrested and gradually got well." 

Hahnemann's letters continue to be addressed from Molsch- 
leben until October 19, 1794, when he writes: " Pyrmont, 
where I think I shall remain." 

This place is situated in Westphalia, and was celebrated at 
that time for its extensive mineral springs, utilized for bathing 
and drinking. He remained there but a short time, going 
thence in 1795, to Wolfenbuttel, a large fortified place on the 
river Ocker, five miles from Brunswick, and the same year, 
1795, again removing to Konigslutter, a small town ten miles 
from Brunswick, and in the principality of Wolfenbuttel. There 
he remained until 1799, when he went to Hamburg. 

At Konigslutter, he wrote the second part of the "Friend to 
Health," and finished the " Pharmaceutical Lexicon." He also 
wrote articles on the Wirtemburg and Hahnemann Wine Test; 
on the Preparation of Cassel Yellow; on Crusta lactea; Descrip- 
tion of Klockenbring during his insanity; on the Pulverization of 
Ignatia Beans; and several other articles. He translated from 
the French, Rousseau on the Education of Infants, under the 
title of "Handbook for Mothers;" from the English, the "-New 
Edinburgh Dispensatory " in two volumes; and " Taplin's Veter- 
inary Medicine." The translation of the Dispensatory called 
forth from the chemists of Germany unstinted praise. As was 
liis custom, he enriched it with copious notes.f 



It was during his residence at Konigslutter, in 1796, that 
Hahnemann first communicated to the world by means of the 
*Ameke, page 73. fAmeke, page 41. 


public print his new discovery in medicine. In 1795 Hufeland, 
renowned in all Germany, began to publish in Jena, a medical 
journal called, Joicrnal der practischen Arzneykundc und Wun- 
darz7ieykii7ist. Hahnemann and Hufeland were personal friends; 
Hufeland was at the time professor of physics at Jena. 
Hahnemann is quoted in the first volume; his cure of Klocken- 
bring is mentioned in the second volume. In this journal, 
volume two, parts three and four, (1796), Hahnemann pub- 
lished the article entitled: " Essay on a New Principle for 
Ascertaining the Curative Powers of Drugs."* In this he re- 
views the condition of medicine at that time; argues that chem- 
istry is not the proper exponent of the curative action of 
drugs; that the experimentation on animals with poisons is of 
little use since many plants deadly to man are innocuous to ani- 
mals; that the true method of experimentation with drugs is by 
testing them on the healthy body; says that the so-called specif- 
ics in common use are but the result of empirical practice, that 
the pure action of each drug should be obtained on the human 
body by itself. 

He presents his theory in the following words: "Every power- 
ful medicinal substance produces in the human body a kind of 
peculiar disease; the more powerful the medicine, the more pecu- 
liar, marked and violent the disease. We should imitate nature 
which sometimes cures a chronic disease by superadding another, 
and employ in the (especially chronic) disease we wish to cure 
that medicine which is able to produce another very similar arti- 
ficial disease, and the former will be cured; similia similibus." 

Hahnemann very carefully argues the question of the new 
law; he adduces many results of poisonings by drugs, gives his- 
experience in the uses of medicines prescribed according to the 
law of similars, and records the symptoms that certain medicines 
produced on himself and others. He brings example for every 
assertion and discusses the matter in a calm and convincing 

This essay can be found in the various editions of the "Lesser 
Writings" of Hahnemann. To quote: " It displays to full ad- 
vantage the exceeding gentleness of Hahnemann's temper, the 
respect he entertained for the opinions of his professional breth- 
ren, the modesty of the estimation in which he held his own, 

* " Lesser Writings," New York, 1852, p. 249. 


and the philosophical and comprehensive grasp of his mind. Its 
tone was calm and impartial, its language clear and accurate, 
its reasoning convincing, its arguments forcible, and its asser- 
tions moderate. It bears no sign of prejudice, much less of 
acrimony. We think its scientific mastery of a question con- 
fessedly^ among the most vexed in medicine, the best answer to 
those who glibly charge its author with charlatanry and igno- 
rance. Let them answer Hahnemann's arguments, which they 
have never done, before they abuse himself." ^ 

It was the first essay by Hahnemann that appeared in Hufe- 
la?id's JournaL After this he was a frequent contributor until 
1808, the last article being about a prophylactic for scarlet fever. 
In 1797 he published a cure of a case of colicodynia after the 
usual means of cure had failed, by means of a medicine pro- 
ducing very similar morbid symptoms. {Veratrum alburn.^ 

His next article was: "Are the Obstacles to Certainty and 
Simplicity in Practical Medicine Insurmountable?" In it he 
argues in favor of simple, careful methods. He says: \ " Why 
should we complain that our science is obscure and intricate 
when we ourselves are the producers of this obscurity and in- 
tricacy ? Formerly I was infected with this fever; the schools 
had infected me. The virus clung more obstinately to me be- 
fore it came to a critical expulsion than ever did the virus of 
any other mental disease. Are we in earnest with our art ? 

"Then let us make a brotherly compact, and all agree to give 
but one single simple remedy at a time for every single dis- 
ease, without making much alteration in the mode of life of our 
patients, and then let us use our eyes to see what effect this or 
that medicine has, how it does good or how it fails. Is not this 
as simple a way of getting over the difficulty as that of Colum- 
bus with the ^'g^, ?" 

At this time Hahnemann was habitually depending on the 
single remedy, and says in this essay that it has been a long time 
since he has given more than one remedy at one time. He also 
prescribed according to the law of similars. He was in the habit 
of preparing and dispensing his own medicines independent of 
the apothecaries. By all his writings at this time he endeavored 
to induce his professional brethren to try the plan of simple reme- 

*//om. World, Vol. X., p. 334. 

t "Lesser Writings," New York, 1852, p. 320. 


dies given according to a precise law. But it was in vain, they 
became jealous of his success, for he was now engaged in active 

"And the physicians of Konigslutter incited the apothecaries 
to bring an action against him for interfering with them in dis- 
pensing his own medicines. He appealed to the letter of the 
law regulating the business of the apothecary, and argued that 
they had the sole privilege of compounding medicines, but that 
any man, especially an}^ medical man, had a right to either give 
or sell uncompounded drugs, which were the only things he em- 
ployed, and which he also administered gratuitously. But it was 
in vain, and Hahnemann, a past master of pharmaceutical art, 
was forbidden to dispense his simple medicines." * 

And now he must again think of leaving his home and find- 
ing a new one where he could practice his methods and experi- 
ment in peace. 

In a letter written to a patient, and dated March 14, 1799, he 

"To-day I make you my confidant. Kindly give the enclosed 
letter as soon as you can to the Minister Von Frankenberg, if he 
is still alive, but if Zigesar is in his place give it to him, but 
before doing so have the goodness to write the name of the 
present First Minister in Latin characters on the envelope in the 
blank space. I was not quite sure if Frankenberg is still living, 
otherwise I would have written his name myself. I am apply- 
ing in this letter for Dr. Buchner's post with the Duke, and would 
like to return to Gotha in that capacity, for I have always pre- 
ferred Gotha to Brunswick. But it is impossible for me to have 
an excuse for changing my abode unless I get an appointment of 
this sort. 

" But do not let anyone know a word about all this, in order 
that no intrigues may be set on foot, as would certainly hap- 
pen. But how will you manage to get this letter at once and 
with certainty into Frankenberg's hands? As it is, the news 
of Buchner's death reached me a week later than it ought, so I 
must now lose no time. Forgive me for the trouble I am putting 
you to, and with best wishes I remain 

"Your most devoted servant, 

"Dr. Hahnemann." 

*Dudgeon's Biography, 1852. 
■\3r0nthly Horn. Review, Vol. 31, p. 617. 


The Dr. Buchner whom he mentions was the former physician 
in ordinarj^ to the Duke, and had died a month before this. It 
can plainly be understood that Hahnemann thought that could 
he become physician to the Duke of Gotha he would be in a 
great measure freed from the persecution of the jealous physi- 
cians and apothecaries. But this appointment he failed to pro- 



The next letter to his patient, who was a tailor in Gotha and 
died at the age of ninety-two, is so filled with advice that must 
be of benefit to every one in this age of haste that it is given 
here in full:* 
" My Dear Mr. X : 

" It is true that I am going to Hamburg, but that need not 
trouble you. If you do not grudge the few groschen a letter 
will cost you can still have my advice when I am there. Merely 
write my name, and Hamburg beneath it, and your letter so ad- 
dressed will find me. 

" For the present I must say that you are on the fair road to 
health, and the chief sources of your malady cut off. One source 
still remains, and it is the cause of your last relapse. Man (the 
delicate human machine) is not constituted for overwork, he can 
not overwork his powers or faculties with impunity. If he does 
so from ambition, love of gain, or other praiseworthy or blame- 
worthy motive, he sets himself in opposition to the order of 
nature, and his body suffers injury or destruction. All the 
more if his body is already in a weakened condition; what you 
cannot accomplish in a week you can do in two weeks. If your 
customers will not wait they cannot fairly expect that you will 
for their sakes make yourself ill and work yourself to the 
grave, leaving yo\xx wife a widow and your children orphans. It 
is not only the greater bodily exertion that injures you, it is even 
more the attendant strain on the mind, and the overwrought 
mind in its turn affects the body injuriously. If you do not 

'''Monthly Horn. Review, Vol. 31, p. 617. N. E. Med. Gazette, March, 


assume an attitude of cool indiflference, adopting the principle of 
living first for yourself and only secondly for others, then there 
is small chance of your recovery. When you are in your grave 
men will still be clothed, perhaps not as tastefully, but still toler- 
ably well. 

" If you are a philosopher you may become healthy, you may 
attain to old age. If anything annoys you give no heed to it; if 
anything is too much for you have nothing to do with it; if any 
one seeks to drive you go slowly and laugh at the fools who wish 
to make you unhappy. What you can do comfortably that do; 
what you cannot do don't bother yourself about. 

' ' Our temporal circumstances are not improved by overpres- 
sure at work. You must spend proportionately more in your 
domestic affairs, and so nothing is gained. Economy, limitation 
of superfluities (of which the hard worker has often very few) 
place us in a position to live with greater comfort — that is to say, 
more rationally, more intelligently, more in accordance with 
nature, more cheerfully, more quietly, more healthily. Thus we 
shall act more commendably, more wisely, more prudently, than 
by working in breathless hurry, with our nerves constantly over- 
strung, to the destruction of the most precious treasure of life, 
calmly happy spirits and good health. 

"Be you more prudent, consider yourself first, let everything 
else be of only secondary importance for you. And should they 
venture to assert that you are in honor bound to do more than is 
good for your mental and physical powers, even then do not, for 
God's sake, allow yourself to be driven to do what is contrary to 
your own welfare. Remain deaf to the bribery of praise, remain 
cold and pursue your own course slowly and quietly like a wise 
and sensible man. To enjoy with tranquil mind and body, that 
is what man is in the world for, and only to do as much work as 
will procure him the means of enjoyment — certainly not to ex- 
coriate and wear himself out with work. 

" The everlasting pushing and striving of blinded mortals in 
order to gain so and so much, to secure some honor or other, to 
do a service to this or that great personage — this is generally 
fatal to our welfare, this is a common cause of young people age- 
ing and dying before their time. 

"The calm, cold-blooded man, who lets things softly glide, 
attains his object also, lives more tranquilly and healthily, and 


attains a good old age. And this leisurely man sometimes 
lights upon a lucky idea, the fruit of serious original thought, 
which shall give a much more profitable impetus to his temporal 
affairs than can ever be gained by the overwrought man who can 
never find time to collect his thoughts. 

" In order to win the race, quickness is not all that is required. 
Strive to obtain a little indifference, coolness and calmness, then 
you will be what I wish you to be. Then you will see marvel- 
lous things; you will see how healthy you will become by fol- 
lowing my advice. Then shall your blood course through your 
blood vessels calmly and sedately, without effort and without 
heat. No horrible dreams disturb the sleep of him who lies 
down to rest without highly strung nerves. The man who is 
free from care wakes in the morning without anxiety about the 
multifarious occupations of the day. What does he care ? The 
happiness of life concerns him more than anything else. With 
fresh vigor he sets about his moderate work, and at his meals 
nothing, no ebullitions of blood, no cares, no solicitude of mind 
hinders him from relishing what the beneficent Preserver of I^ife 
sets before him. And so one day follows another in quiet suc- 
cession, until the final day of advanced age brings him to the 
termination of a well spent life, and he serenely reposes in an- 
other world as he has calmly lived in this one. 

"Is not that more rational, more sensible ? I^et restless, self- 
destroying men act as irrationally, as injuriously towards them- 
selves as they please; let them be fools. But be you wiser! Do 
not let me preach this wisdom of life in vain. I mean well to 

" Farewell, follow my advice, and when ail goes well with you, 

"Dr. S. Hahnemann. 

"P. S. — Should you be reduced to your last sixpence, be still 
cheerful and happy. Providence watches over us, and a lucky 
chance makes all right again. How much do we need in order 
to live, to restore our powers by food and drink, to shield our- 
selves from cold and heat? Little more than good courage; 
when we have that the minor essentials we can find without 
much trouble. The wise man needs but little. Strength that 
is husbanded needs not to be renovated by medicine." 




During the summer of 1799, the last year of his sojourn in 
'Konigslutter. an epidemic of scarlet fever occurred, during which 
Hahnemann discovered the great value of Belladojina as a prophy- 
lactic against this serious disease. Hahnemann says: ^" At first 
smallpox came from the vicinity of Helmstadt to Konigslutter, 
spreading slowly around; the eruption was small, wart}- looking, 
and it was accompanied with serious atonic symptoms. In the 
village it came from scarlet fever was prevalent at the time, 
and, mixed up with the latter, the smallpox made its appearance 
in Konigslutter. About the middle of the year the smallpox 
ceased almost entirely, and the scarlet fever then commenced to 
appear more frequently and alone. This epidemic was exceed- 
ingly contagious; it extended through families. If a single 
child was affected by it, not one of its brothers and sisters re- 
mained exempt, nor did it fail to affect other children who came 
close to the patients or to things that had come in contact with 
their exhalations." 

Hahnemann was ver}' successful both in the prevention and 
treatment of this terrible scourge, but at this time did not reveal 
the name of the remedy he used. No doubt this may have 
further embittered the physicians against him. Despite the wishes 
of his numerous patients, who were grateful for his skill, the un- 
just opposition of the jealous doctors was too powerful for him, 
and he had to again resume his wanderings. 

Burnett says: f" The vulnerable point with Hahnemann was 
this: At Konigslutter he gave his own medicines to his patients, 
though gratuitously. The physicians of Konigslutter became 
jealous of his rising fame, and they incited the apothecaries 
against him, and these brought an action at law against Hahne- 
mann for dispensing his own medicines, and thus encroaching 

*" Lesser Writings," New York, p. 370. 
f'Ecce. Medicus," p. 131. 


upon their rights. It was decided against him; he was forbidden 
to give his own medicines, and this, of course, rendered his 
further stay impossible." 

He could not remain in Konigslutter, and in the autumn of 
1799, with his family, he departed from the ungrateful city. 

Dudgeon says:* " He purchased a large carriage or wagon, in 
which he packed all his property and family, and with a heavy 
heart bade adieu to Konigslutter, where fortune had at length 
begun to smile upon him. and where he found leisure and oppor- 
tunity to prosecute his interesting discoveries. Many of the in- 
habitants, whose health he had been instrumental in restoring, 
or whose lives he had even saved by the discoveries of his genius 
during that fatal epidemic of scarlet fever, accompanied him 
some distance on the road to Hamburg, whither he had resolved 
to proceed, and at length, with a blessing for his services, and a 
sigh for his hard lot, they bade him God speed. And thus he 
journeyed on with all his earthly possessions, and with all his 
family beside him. But a dreadful accident befell the melan- 
choly cortege. Descending a precipitous part of the road the 
wagon was overturned, the driver thrown from his seat, his in- 
fant son so injured that he died shortly afterwards, and the leg 
of one of his daughters was fractured. He himself was consider- 
ably bruised, and his property much damaged by falling into a 
stream that ran at the bottom of the road. With the assistance 
of some peasants they were conveyed to the nearest village 
(Muhlhausen), where he was forced to remain upwards of six 
weeks on his daughter's account, at an expense that greatly 
lightened his not very well filled purse." 

It would seem that after the accident Hahnemann settled first 
in Altona, as he dates a letter from that place on November 
9th, 1799, while the letters dated from Hamburg occur in the 
year 1800. 

Kleinert, in his "History of Homoeopathy," says he resided 
first at Altona. That he was here annoyed by people fond of 
gratuitous advice is evidenced by the following letter that 
he caused twice to be inserted in the Reichanzeiger and for 
which he had to pay one thaler and eight groschen. 

*Biography of Halinemann, 1852. 



'' Dear Public ! It will scarcely be credited that there are peo- 
ple who seem to think that I am merely a private gentleman with 
plenty of time on my hands, whom they may pester with letters, 
many of which have not the postage paid, and are consequently 
a tax on my purse, containing- requests for professional advice, 
to comply with which would demand much mental labor and 
occupy precious time, while it never occurs to these inconsider- 
ate correspondents to send any remuneration for the time and 
trouble I would have to expend on answers by which they would 

" In consequence of the ever-increasing importunity of these 
persons, I am compelled to announce: 

" I . That henceforward I shall refuse to take in any letters 
which are not postpaid, let them come from whom they ma5^ 

"2. That after reading through even paid letters from distant 
patients and others seeking advice, I will send them back unless 
they are accompanied by a sufficient fee (at least a Friedrich d'or) 
in a cheque or in actual money, unless the poverty of the writer 
is so great that I could not withhold my advice without sinning 
against humanity. 

"3. If lottery tickets are sent me I shall return them all with- 
out exception; but I shall make the post office pay for all the 
expenses of remission, and the senders will get them back 
charged with this payment. 

" Samuel Hahnemann, Doctor oj Medicine.'''' 
'' Altona, by Hamburgh November p, lygg.'" 

This announcement, compelling patients to pay for consulta- 
tion by letter, being against the usual custom of the time, aroused 
a very great amount of adverse criticism, and gave the doctors 
another opportunity for cavilling against their successful rival. 

His stay at Altona was short, and about the beginning of the 
year 1800 he removed to Hamburg. 

The epidemic of scarlatina still claimed numerous victims, and 
Hahnemann's success at Konigslutter in the prevention and treat- 
ment had been so great that the name of the remedy there used 
was demanded. 

He now published a letter in the Reichanzeigo Jouriial for 

* Monthly Horn. Review, Vol. 31, p. 622. 



May 12, 1800 (Gotha), in which he stated that he was about to 
issue a pamphlet giving a complete history of the Konigslutter 
epidemic, with an account of his treatment, and the name and 
method of preparation of his prophylactic and remedy. But, he also 
stated, that before he could publish this he must have 300 sub- 
scribers at one Friedrich d'or each, pledged to take the work, to 
each of whom he would give a quantity of the remedy with full 
directions for its proper use. 

He added, in the way of excuse, that he deserved something 
both from the public and from the Government for his most im- 
portant discovery. 

This statement gained for him very few subscribers, but a vast 
amount of abuse and calumny. He was accused of seeking to 
obtain money under false pretenses. The physicians declared 
that the substance he employed was a violent poison that would 
profoundly affect the health, and that he dare not announce its 

Hahnemann justified his course by saying that he wished the 
trial to be made by a medicine prepared carefully by his own 
hands, and not in the careless manner in which drugs were so 
often prepared; that he had no intention of keeping the truth 
from the profession, but considered himself entitled to some 
honorarium. This refutation he published in December, 1800. 

Again, in the Allgevieiner Anzezg-er for Vehrusiry 7, 1801 (No. 
32), he published the following article addressed to the phy- 
sicians of Germany: 

" Considerations Upon the Liberality of the Medical Fraternity 
at the Commencement of the Nineteenth Century."* 

He reviewed the professional jealousy of physicians; cited ex- 
amples of the abuse that had in the past fallen on discoverers, 
such as Wichmann, Hufeland, Tode, Sommering; recalled the 
attacks on himself after his chemical discoveries regarding Afer- 
cury; the constant abuse of his New Principle of Healing. 

" Now," he says, " once more, at the end of the century that 
has just expired, my zeal for the welfare of mankind misled me 
to announce a prophylactic remedy for one of the most destruc- 
tive of children's diseases, scarlet fever. Scarcelj^ a fourth part 
of the number I might have expected subscribed for it. This 
lukewarm interest shown for such an important affair discouraged 

*" Lesser Writings," New York, 1852, p. 365. 


me, and I arranged that the subscribers should receive a portion 
of the medicine itself, in order to satisfy them, in case my book 
on the subject should not be published. The subscribers con- 
sisted chiefly of physicians who had epidemics of scarlet fever 
in their neighborhood. At least thirty of these, whom I begged 
by letter to testify to the truth and to publish the result, be it 
what it might, in the Reichsanzeiger, made no reply." 

Certainly not fair to Hahnemann after he had given the medi- 
cine, and had only asked, as he always did, for but a fair trial. 
And with the fact before us, that Belladonna is by all now recog- 
nized as a valuable preventive of scarlet fever, it becomes still 
more certain that this action on the part of the physicians did 
indeed arise from bigotry and envy, as Hahnemann declared. 

He continues in argumentative form regarding the use of 
Mercury and of the Belladomia, and its value in scarlet fever, 
expostulates against the prejudice of one Dr. Jani, who' at first 
published articles in favor and then against this remedy, and 
declares that the common object which physicians must at- 
tain can only be gained by unity, mutual intercommunication 
and brotherly friendship. And lastly, these words: "Physicians 
of Germany, be brothers, be fair, be just!" 

When we consider the fact that heretofore Hahnemann had 
always been willing to freely impart any and all of his discove- 
ries to his brethren; when in ever}^ book he had translated he 
had freely given of the treasure of his memory and of his inven- 
tion; when we remember that just as soon as he became satisfied 
of its truth he announced to the world the discovery of the new 
law of similia; when we read his essay on that subject, with its 
wealth of careful advice and argument, we certainly cannot for 
one moment think that he withheld the name of the Belladomia 
from any sordid motive of concealing from the world a useful 

Is it not more probable that by this plan he wished to ensure 
for his prophylactic fair treatment ? He had but just been driven 
from Konigslutter, where he had done so much good with this 
same medicine; he had been compelled to give up his practice, 
to lose his child by an accident incident to his moving. He was 
poor. He wished some recompense as a discoverer. He wished 
unbiased treatment. 

So very much has been written about Hahnemann as the dis- 


penser of secret remedies, meaning this fact of the Belladonna, 
that before judging him it is but just to examine carefully all the 
circumstances of the case. This is the only time when he did 
not at once freely give to the world every discovery that he 
made. And judging the past and the future of the man, is it 
not fairer to decide that he hid the name of this remedy for some 
good and sufficient purpose, perhaps thinking that were the sub- 
scribers compelled to pay for the knowledge they would give it 
more careful consideration. 

The article on " L^iberality " was the last that he wrote in a 
spirit of conciliation. After that he viewed his detractors with 
disfavor and contempt. From this time he steadily and in a 
dignified way followed his medical researches and discoveries, 
and responded but very seldom to tne attacks of the doc- 

He did not wait for his three hundred subscribers, but in 1801 
published the secret of the discovery of the prophylactic proper- 
ties of Belladonna in scarlet fever in a small pamphlet printed 
at Gotha. It was called: "Cure and Prevention of Scarlet 
Fever." * In the preface he says that had he compiled a large 
book on scarlet fever he would have gotten, through the usual 
channels of publication, as much of an honorarium as from the 
subscribers of the pamphlet. But as he wished to interest the 
many, he adopted the more popular form of the small book. He 
gives a history of the epidemic of smallpox reaching Konigs- 
lutter, the scarlet fever mixing with it; the final disappearance 
of the smallpox and the spread of the scarlet fever. 

The symptoms of the disease are carefully detailed, its great 
mortality, his treatment with small doses of Opium and Ipecac, 
and then under the heading: "Prevention against Scarlet 
Fever," he gives the particulars of his discovery of Belladonna. 

He says: "The mother of a large family, at the commence- 
ment of July, 1799, when the fever was most prevalent and fatal, 
had got a new counterpane made up by a seamstress who, with- 
out the knowledge of the former, had in her small chamber a 
boy just recovering from scarlet fever. The mother received the 
counterpane and smelled it to be sure that it contained no bad 
odors. She then laid it on the sofa pillow, and took a nap the 
same afternoon on the same pillow. A week later she became 

*" Lesser Writings, " New York, 1852. 


ill with the sore throat. Her daughter, ten years old, soon after 
manifested marked symptoms of scarlet fever." Hahnemann, 
judging from her symptoms, says: "My memory and my writ- 
ten collection of the peculiar effects of some medicines furnished 
me with no remedy so capable of producing a counterpart of the 
symptoms here present as Belladoyina.'' 

No guess work, only the application of the new law, and this 
valuable preventive was discovered. 

He gave her the one four hundred and thirty-two thousandth 
part of a grain of Belladonna, with the result that in about twenty- 
four hours she became well. He next gave the remedy to other 
children, who did not take the disease although exposed. 

He writes : "I reasoned thus, a remedy that is capable of 
quickly checking a disease in its onset, must be its best preven- 
tive; and the following occurrence strengthened me in the cor- 
rectness of this conclusion: Some weeks previously three children 
of another family lay ill of a very bad scarlet fever; the eldest 
daughter alone, who, up to that period, had been taking Bella- 
donna internally for an external aifection on the joints of her 
fingers, to my great astonishment did not catch the fever, although 
during the prevalence of other epidemics she had alwa3^s been the 
first to take them. This circumstance completely confirmed my 
idea. I now hesitated not to administer to the other five chil- 
dren of this numerous family this divine remedy, as a preserva- 
tive, in very small doses, and, as the particular action of this 
plant does not last above three daj^s, I repeated the dose every 
seventy-two hours, and they all remained perfectly well without 
the slightest symptoms throughout the whole course of the epi- 
demic, and amid the most virulent scarlatina emanations from 
the sisters who lay ill with the disease." 

He then gives preparations for preparing the remedy and pre- 
scribes the quantity to be used. 

This publication did not silence his enemies. They ridiculed 
his minute doses of Belladonna, and laughed at its power to pre- 
vent the spread of scarlatina. Hahnemann, then, in Hiif eland' s 
Journal, Vol. 13, part 2, January, 1801, published another 
essay on "Small Doses of Medicine in General, and of Bella- 
donna in Particular." In this he argues on the divisibility of medi- 
cine and its increase of power by subdivision, and supports his 
doses of Belladojuia as previously given. 


Afterwards many phj^sicians bore testimony to the truth of 
this discovery. Hufeland testified to its value as a prophylactic; 
articles appeared in his Jojirnal regarding its virtues in May, 
1812; November, 1824; November, 1825. Hufeland himself wrote 
a work in 1825, entitled "The Prophylactic Power of Bella- 
donna," and in this he justly gives Hahnemann the credit of his 
discovery. He also adduces a great deal of testimony to prove 
this assertion.* 

Twenty years later, while Hahnemann resided in I^eipsic, cer- 
tain of the physicians of that city recommended the use of Bel- 
ladonna as a prophylactic in scarlet fever, but did not mention the 
fact that Hahnemann had twenty years earlier discovered this.. 





In the year 1800 Hahnemann translated from the Knglish the 
"Thesaurus Medicaminum," which was a collection of medical 

This translation was published anonymously, the notes by 
Hahnemann being signed " Y." 

He, however, in a spirit of grim satire, wrote an original pre- 
face, in which he says: "I have translated the book entitled 
' Thesaurus Medicaminum, a New Collection of Medical Prescrip- 
tions,' etc. If, as the preface to the original informs me, even in 
lyOndon, medical frankness requires the aegis of anonymousness, 
in order to escape being chid; I need not say a word as to its ex- 
pediency for some time past in oar own dear fatherland. * * =^ 
But how, it will be asked, did the writer of the notes, no friend 
to compound medicines, come to edit this work ? To which I 
answer, solely for that very reason. I wished to show my country- 
men that the very best prescriptions have a hitch somewhere,, 
are unnatural, contradictory and opposed to the object for which 

*Hufeland in 1830 published an essay on Homoeopathy which may be 
found in the "British Journal of Homoeopath}';" vol. 16, p. 177. 


they are designed. This is a truth that should be proclaimed 
from the housetops in our prescription-loving times." 

He continues to argue against compound prescriptions and in 
favor of single remedies; says that two or more substances 
mingled do not have the same effect as given singly, and, in fact, 
condemns the use of the book itself. 

In the notes he denounces the body of the work. In one case 
where five remedies are given in one prescription, he suggests 
including, also, the entire Materia Medica. He ridicules placing 
drugs antagonistic to each other in the same prescription, and 
advises a return to the simple methods of Hippocrates. 

As he did no more translating at this time, it is very probable 
that his suggestions did not enhance the sale of the book, and 
that the bookseller for whom he worked was anything but satis- 
fied with him. 

In 1801 he published in Hiif eland' s Journal sovn^ observations 
on " Brown's Elements of Medicine," in which he again pleads 
against the use of so many drugs in one prescription, and 
earnestly recommends simpler methods of treatment. 

With the exception of " Von Haller's Materia Medica," trans- 
lated in 1806, this was the last of Hahnemann's translations. 

A circumstance that happened while Hahnemann lived in 
Hamburg has been extensively used by his detractors to impeach 
his honesty. He announced the discovery of a new chemical 
salt that he called " Alkali Pneicm.^' It was offered for sale, but 
upon analysis it proved to be Borax. 

According to the most reliable statements this must have been 
about the year 1800. Crell published an article about it in that 
year, and the result of its analysis was given in 1801. When 
he first discovered it is not known, probably some years earlier, 
when he was so deeply interested in chemical discovery. 

This mistake his enemies have ever since been quoting as a 
proof that he not only sold secret remedies, but palmed off under 
anew name a well-known substance. The '' Alkali pJiemn'' and 
the Belladonna secret have been mentioned in every book that 
has been written against Hahnemann, and their number is many, 
in the last hundred years. In fact, it is impossible for the gen- 
tlemen who denounce him and his system to find an)- other 
circumstance of his long life with which, in the slightest 
manner, to assail his honesty. The facts of these two cases, to 


an unbiased person, do not show any swerving from the strict 
honor by which his entire life was guided and influenced. 

Ameke says :* "The chemists of that day were seeking new 
substances. Prof. Klaproth, one of the first chemists of the day, 
discovered a new substance, 'diamond spar ;' it was a mistake. 
Proust discovered ' sal mirabile peidaticm,' a salt of pearl, in the 
urine ; it was supposed to be a combination of Soda with a new 
acid (pearl acid) ; it was found to be the already known Phos- 
phate of Soda. 

"Van Ruprecht, a chemist, discovered Borbonhim in baryta, 
Partheman in chalk, Austruin in magnesia ; the sedative salt 
{Boracic acid) was supposed to have been reduced to a metal ; on 
examination these discoveries were found to be iron, probably 
derived from impure Hessian crucibles. 

''Borax had long been an object of especial attention to 
chemists. Prof. Fuchs wrote, in 1784, a monograph on it, with 
a historical account of the views as to its composition, which, 
in 1784, were still uncertain and contradictory. He says in the 
preface: 'We know very little about borax, and are not yet 
agreed as to its composition, for one says it contains this sub- 
stance and another that.' Metherie gave the constituents of 
Boracic acid as atmospheric air, inflammable gas, caloric and 

"In 1800, ' Crell's Annalen ' published an article of four 
pages entitled, ' Pneumlaugensalz, endeckt von Herrn Dr. 
-Samuel Hahnemann,' in which the latter describes the proper- 
ties of a new kind of fixed alkali, called ' Alkali pneuvi'' from its 
property of swelling out to twenty times its size when heated to 
redness. This article was copied into other journals. 

"Hahnemann had worked zealously as an amateur in the field 
of chemistry for twenty years, and with the most valuable re- 
sults for chemistry and for the welfare of mankind. He never 
obtained any assistance from the State, or any other source, and 
was not even able to fit up a proper laboratory, such as the 
apothecaries possessed. Disinterested love of research and of 
science had made him go to great expense for a laboratory, 
costly reagents, etc. Thinking he had made a very valuable 
■discovery, he handed over his Alkali pne^ivi to an agent in 
I^eipsic, who sold it for a Friedrichs d'or the ounce. 

* "Ameke's History of Homceopathy,'' page 288. 


"Professors Klaproth, Karsten and Hermbstadt analyzed the- 
new alkali, and found that it was Bo7'ax. Instead of communi- 
cating their results to Hahnemann, who had given proofs enough 
that he was striving after the same objects as themselves, and 
asking him for an explanation, they published their discovery 
in the Jenacr LiteratiLV Zeitung, 1801, and called Hahnemann to 

"Prof. Trommsdorfif, who owned an apothecary shop, hastened 
to communicate this incident to a larger public in the Reichan- 
zeiger, the name then borne by the Allege77ieine Anzeiger der 
Deutsche}!, and called Hahnemann's proceeding 'unexampled 
impudence.' Crell lamented Hahnemann's 'great mistake.' " 

Hahnemann at once explained the matter in several journals, 
among others in Prof. A. N. Sdh^r&f s Journal der Chemie (1801, 
p. 665). 

He said: " I am incapable of willfully deceiving. I may, like 
other men, be unintentionally mistaken. I am in the same boat 
with Klaproth and his ' Diamond spar,' and with Proust and his 
'Pearl salt.' I had before me some crude (probably Chinese) 
Borax, supplied by J. N. Nahrmann, of Hamburg. A solution 
of Potash dropped into a filtered ley of Borax, not yet crystal- 
lizable, precipitated a large floury saline sediment As authors 
assure us that pure Borax is rendered uncrystallizable by the 
addition of Potash, is it wonderful that I took the new precipi- 
tate for some new substance ? " 

Hahnemann devoted some space to the explanation of this 
mistake, and adds that he has refunded all the money he re- 
ceived from the sale of the substance. 

• Six years later he writes in the Allg. Anzicger der Deiitsch : 
" If I once made an error in chemistry, for to err is human, I 
was the first to acknowledge it as soon as I was better in- 
formed." * 

Dr. Rummel, in his oration at the unveiling of Hahnemann's 
statue at Leipsic, in 1852, mentions this story as follows: "The 
spirit of calumny raked up an incident that occurred in Hahne- 
mann's past career, and repeatedly threw in his teeth a mistake 
he had committed long ago, although he had made the most 
honorable reparation for it. In former times he imagined he 
had discovered a new substance, namely, the Alkali pneiivi. It 

*See Ameke, pages 288-92. Also Brit. Jour. Honi., vol. 17, p. no. 


was afterwards found that he had made a mistake, and that it 
was Borax. As soon as he became aware of this, he unhesitat- 
ingly repaid the money he had received for it." 

That Hahnemann maliciously offered the Borax for sale is in 
no manner probable; and yet his action has been called " an im- 
position upon the public." If he had known that this substance 
was reall)^ not new, would he have dared to so publish the dis- 
covery, even had he wished to defraud ? There was nothing 
dishonorable about it, and in the state of chemistry at that time,, 
it was only the mistake of one self-taught chemist, when all 
chemists were also guilty of mistakes. 

Hahnemann remained at Hamburg until about the year 1802, 
when he went to the little town of Mollen, in the Duchy of 
Lauenburg, fourteen miles from I^ubeck. Here the old longing 
for the fatherland took possession of the wanderer, and he 
journeyed to Eilenburg, in beloved Saxony. But he was not 
allowed to remain there ; the medical health officer, or physikus, 
of the place, drove him away, by his persecutions, in a very 
short time. 

From thence he went to Machern, a small village about four 
leagues from I^eipsic. He was very poor during this period of 
his life. 

Dudgeon writes:* "This anecdote, related me by a member 
of Hahnemann's family, conveys some idea of the poverty they 
endured. During his residence at Machern, after toiling all day 
long at his task of translating works for the press, he frequently 
assisted his brave-hearted wife to wash the family clothes at 
night, and, as they were unable to purchase soap, they 
employed raw potatoes for this purpose. The quantity of bread 
he was enabled to earn by his literary labors for his numerous 
family was so small that in order to prevent grumbling, he used 
to weigh out to each an equal proportion. At this period one 
of his little daughters fell ill, and being unable to eat the por- 
tion of daily bread that fell to her share, she carefully put it 
away in a box, hoarding it up, childlike, till her appetite should 
return. Her sickness, however, increasing, she felt assured that 
she should never recover to enjoy her store; so she one day told 
her favorite little sister that she knew she was going to die — 
that she should never be able to eat any more, and solemnly 

* " Biography of Hahnemann." 


made over to her as a gift the accumulated fragments of hard, 
dried-up bread, from which she had anticipated such a feast had 
she recovered." 

From Machern Hahnemann went to Wittenberg, departing 
•soon after for Dessau. Here he lived for two years. The exact 
time of his life in the above places is very uncertain. Hartmann, 
his pupil, frankly confesses that he does not know. 

It is probable that Hahnemann left Hamburg the last of 1801 
or the beginning of 1802. He could not have remained long in 
any one place. He was poor and persecuted, driven from town 
to town. He spent about two years at Dessau, and by the evi- 
dence of a letter written to the patient "X," he was settled at 
Torgau in June, 1805. Thisletter is dated Torgau, June 21, 1805.* 

He gave up practice when he left Hamburg and did not 
resume it until he reached Torgau. During this time he 
devoted himself to his researches and writings. He resumed 
practice at Torgau, and continued it until the end of his life. 
Hartmann and Rapou mention 1806 as the year of his removal 
to Torgau, but by this letter it would seem to have been in 
1805. He remained at Torgau until 181 1, when he went to 

As his essays in the medical journals only brought him oppo- 
sition and obloquy from his confreres, Hahnemann ceased writ- 
ing for them, and after this published his articles in the All^e- 
meijie Anzeiger der Deiitschen, a magazine of general literature 
and science. t 





Hartmann, in his "Life of Hahnemann." published in 1844, 
saysij "Notwithstanding a multiplicity of inquiry and re- 
search, it cannot be' ascertained how long he resided at Eilen- 
burg, nor is it even known how long he lived at Machern, a vil- 

*3Ionthly Horn. Review, Vol. 31, p. 621. 

fDudgeon's Biography." 

XAllg. Horn. Zeit., Vol. 26, p. 161. (April 29, 1S44.) 


lage situated four leagues from lyeipsic and two from Wurtzen. 
We know, however, from definite sources that the following 
works were the products of his mental activity during his sojourn 
of about two years in Dessau, whither he had gone from Wit- 
tenberg, so as to devote more time to the elaboration of the 
homoeopathic method of healing: "Coffee and Its Effects," 
published b}^ Steinacker, I^eipsic, 1803. "^sculapius in the 
Balance," lyeipsic, 1805. "Medicine of Experience," Wittig, 
Berlin, 1805 (a highly intellectual treatise appearing as the fore- 
runner of his "Organon," published in 1810). Also, "Frag- 
menta de viribus medicamentorum, positivis sive in sano corpore 
humano observatis," 1805. 

" He resided with the Medical Assessor named Hasler, who. 
was at that time the owner of the apothecary shop, and he lived 
by himself and in his study, laying aside all medical practice, 
which he resumed when he went to Torgau in 1806, and again 
reminded the non-medical public of himself through brief arti- 
cles published in the Reichs Anzeiger.'" 

One of these articles is as follows (No. 191, July 21, 1806): 
"censure of an unfounded report." 

" Five years ago a malicious report got into circulation among- 
very young German physicians, and it has been revived in many- 
books and at most of the medical schools, that I (Dr. Samuel 
Hahnemann) have promulgated an alleged means, or remedy,, 
for preventing scarlet fever, and have thereby deceived the piibr 
lie, since experience has proved that Belladonna is no preserva- 
tive against scarlet fever. 

" Besides being so revolting to my feelings as such an auda- 
cious and, as will be shown, unfounded accusation, must be, 
because my character has been blameless during the whole of 
the thirty years of my literary and private life, to say nothing of 
my being a cosmopolite and benefactor of all mankind, I regret 
exceedingly that so large a number of my German fellow-citizens, 
should circulate against me a false report, which might readily 
be considered by their posterity as a slander, coming from me 
as a citizen. However, I, myself, will call this revolting report 
only an error, and not a slander, because ignorance is the basis, 
of it; and only an untruth intended to defame, and of the ground- 
lessness of which the promulgator is convinced, can be called a 


"But this malicious and widel}'' spread error rests upon what 
the non-partisan public, in whose estimable presence I have 
never knowingly asserted an untruth, will conclude from the 
following true, historical account of the matter. 

"At the time that I made known the discovery that scarlet 
fever can be prevented with certainty by small doses of Bella- 
donna, there had broken out (in the year 1800), at a great dis- 
tance from me in Central Germany, a new epidemic, the 
malignant purple fever, against which physicians, just as if it 
were the old and real scarlet fever, did not hesitate to use my 
remedy, and for the most part with fruitless results. This was 
perfectly natural, since they used it against an entirely different 
disease. For the old true scarlet fever, with its bright, smooth, 
red blotches, has in its actual signs, scarcely a remote resem- 
blance to this new disease, which has so mysteriously appeared 
in the West of Germany." 

Hahnemann then continues in this article to explain the epi- 
demic oi the real scarlet fever, and to set himself aright regard- 
ing his position as to the prophylactic uses of Bellado?ina. 

The essay against the use of coffee was written at a time 
when the Germans considered it a favorite beverage, especially 
the women, and the very poor people, as is tea with us to-da5^ 
It has been published in the "Lesser Writings," and in many 
medical journals, and translated into several languages.* He 
says that in order to enjoy a long and healthy life, man requires 
food and drinks containing nutritious, but not irritating, medi- 
cinal parts. He describes medicinal substances, and then says 
that coffee is a purely medicinal substance He describes at 
length its injurious effects, recommends cocoa unspiced, in its 
place; but commends its medicinal virtues for chronic ailments 
that bear a great resemblance to its primary action. f 

While living at Dessau, he published in the Reichs Anzeiger 
(No. 71, 1803) an essay on a "Remedy for Hydrophobia. "^ 

In 1805 he published an important pamphlet called " tEscu- 
lapius in the Balance," in which he reviews his own state of 
•mind after he had become disgusted with the practice of the day. 
He shows the lack of certainty and progress in the art of medi- 

*" Bradford's Bibliography," page 112. 

■\ Am. Jour. Horn., New York, June. 1S35. Hoin. Exam., August, 1S40. 

J" Lesser Writings, p. 389." 


■ cine, the ignorance of the physician in compounding, the fallacy 

■ of trusting to the druggist, who often sends a different prescrip- 
tion from the chemically impossible one ordered b}^ the physi- 
cian, or substitutes one drug for another; or again sends the 
erroneous compound as the doctor has written for it. He argues 

.against the laws of the time, forbidding the preparing or dis- 
pensing of medicine by the physician. He says that the pre- 
paration should not be trusted to the apothecary who is not 
responsible, unless in rare cases, for the result, but that the 
physician should understand how, and be compelled, to prepare 
his own medicines so that he may know exactly what he is 
giving to his patient, and be certain that there has been no sub- 
stitution nor mistake in the medicine given. 

"I repeat," he says, "from the very nature of the thing, I 
repeat, the physician should be prohibited, under the severest 
penalties, from allowing any other person to prepare the medi- 
cines required for his patients; he should be required, under the 
severest penalties, to prepare them himself, so that he may be 
able to vouch for the result. But that it should be forbidden 
to the physician to prepare his own instruments for the saving 
of life — no human being could have fallen on such an idea a 
priori. ' ' 

It must be remembered that the man who thus argues is not 
a man ignorant of the art of the apothecary, but one who had 
but a short time before compiled and edited a very important 
book, giving in detail the principles and practice of pharmacy. 
And yet Hahnemann was forbidden to prepare or dispense his 
own medicines, and was driven from place to place because he 
attempted to do so. It is to be presumed that he really knew 
more about the business than most of the members of the Wor- 
shipful Company of the Apothecaries, who persecuted him. 

He continues in this treatise as follows : "It would have been 
much more sensible to prohibit authoritatively, Titian, Guido 
Reni, Michael Angelo, Raphael, Correggio or Mengs from pre- 
paring their own instruments (their expressive, beautiful and 
durable colors), and have ordered them to purchase them in some 
shop indicated. By the purchased colors not prepared by them- 
selves, their paintings, far from being the inimitable masterpieces 
ithey are, would have been ordinary daubs and mere market 
.goods. And even had they all become mere common market 


goods, the damage would not have been so great as if the life of 
even the meanest slave (for he too is a man) should be endangered 
by untrustworthy health instruments (medicines) purchased from, 
and prepared by strangers.* 





In 1805 Hahnemann published a very important book in two 
parts, written in Latin. It was called " Fragmenta de viribus 
Medicamentorum positivis sive in sano corpore humano obser- 

Part I. contains the symptoms arranged carefully. Part II. is 
the Index, or Repertory. He gives the symptoms produced by 
drugs on the healthy, and at the end of each remedy gives the 
effects recorded by previous observers in cases of poisoning. 
The remedies given are: Aeonitum napelhis ; Acris tinctura 
(Hahnemann's Causticuni) ; Arnica monta7ia; Atropa belladonna; 
Laiivus caviphoya ; Lytta vesicatoria {Cantharis) ; Capsicum 
a^iniLum ; Chamoniilla 77iatricaria ; Cincho7ia offi.ci7ialis et 7'egia ; 
Cocculus 7)ie7iisper77iu77t; Copaifera balsa7nut7i; C7ipr7C77i vitriolatjwi, 
Digitalis purpurea; Drosera roUmdifolia ; Hyoscya77ius 7iiger ; 
Igjiatia a77ia7-a ; Ipecacua7iha ; Ledu77i pahistre ; Hellebo7-us 
7iiger ; Daphiie viezereuTTi ; Strychnos nux voTTiica I.; Papaver 
S077inife7'ui7i {ppiu77i) ; A7ie7no7ie pratcTisis {Pidsatilla) ; Rheiwi ;■ 
Dahira st7-ainoniu77i ; Valeria7ia officinalis ; Veratru77i albu77t. 

It is the first collection ever made of provings of medicines 
upon the healthy body, and contains the records of the symptoms 
produced in this manner upon Hahnemann and his fellow 

In 1834 Dr. F. F. Quin, of England, edited this book and 
published it, in one volume, in Eondon. 

The next year, 1806, Hahnemann translated the Materia 
Medica of Albert von Haller, from the Latin. This was the 
last book he translated. 

*" Lesser Writings," New York, page 434. 


The same year he published at Berlin a pamphlet entitled 
"The Medicine of Experience." This really was a forerunner 
of the "Organon " It contains arguments in favor of the new 
system. He speaks of the helplessness of infant man ; of the 
powers that God has allowed to develop within him ; of the 
great aid of nature in healing ; he thinks that certainly a 
benevolent God must have intended mankind to discover some 
method of healing the sick that is definitely governed by law. 
He gives instruction in the proper manner to allow the patient 
to describe his disease, and propounds certain "Maxims of 
Experience." There are also instructions regarding the choice 
and administration of the proper remedy. 

He next wrote an article for the Reichs Anzeiger on the "Objec- 
tion to a Substitute for Quinine, and to all Succedanea." He 
published an article in Hiif eland' s Journal on the same subject. 

During the years from 1805 to 181 1, the time of his stay in 
Torgau, he published several articles in the Reichs Anzeiger. 
They may all be found in Dr. Dudgeon's valuable translation of 
the "Lesser Writings." 

In the Allgemeine Anzeiger for July 14, 1808, he published his 
"Letter to a Physician of High Standing on Reform in Medi- 
cine." Some parts of this have been quoted elsewhere. 

The physician to whom this was addressed was his old and 
always true friend, Dr. Christian Wilhelm Hufeland. This let- 
ter is usually spoken of as the letter to Hufeland. In it he gives 
his own experience in the practice of medicine, the reasons that 
led him to cease from practice, his efforts to discover some more 
certain and reliable method than any known at that time. It is 
an analvsis of his hopes and feelings. He declares that God 
must have designed that mankind should be blessed with some 
certain method of healing. This belief can be found in many of 
Hahnemann's writings ; he always gave the praise to God, of 
whom he spoke reverently. 

It was during his residence at Torgau that Hahnemann gave 
to the world his great book, "Organon der Rationellen Heil- 
kunde," or "Organon of Rational Healing." It was published 
in Dresden, by Arnold, in 18 10. 

In the Allgemeine Anzeiger for June 7, 18 10, had appeared a 
resume of the forthcoming book, which was soon after published. 


Hering says of the publication of the " Organon:"* " It re- 
quired a grateful patient to print the 'Organon;' it was nme 
years before the first edition was sold. It is disgusting to state 
how it was received; it was, and it remains forever, an inexcu- 
sable meanness of the whole profession," 

This is considered the most important of all Hahnemann's 
books by the members of the Homoeopathic profession, as in its 
pages he has fully explained his law of cure. It has been called 
the "Bible of Homoeopathy." It contains a complete and 
exhaustive exposition of Hahnemann's discoveries, experiments, 
and opinions, concerning the healing of the sick. 

The title page of the first edition bears the following motto 
from the poet Gellert : 

"The truth we mortals need 
Us blest to make and keep, 
The All-wise slightly covered o'er, 
But did not bury deep." 

This motto is changed in the other editions to the words 
*'Aude sapere;" and the title itself becomes: "Organon der 

He says in the preface : ' ' The results of my convictions are 
set forth in this book. It remains to be seen, whether physi- 
cians, who mean to act honestly by their conscience and by their 
fellow creatures, will continue to stick to the pernicious tissue 
of conjectures and caprice, or can open their eyes to the salutary 

"I must warn the reader that indolence, love of ease and 
obstinacy preclude effective service at the altar of truth, and 
only freedom from prejudice and untiring zeal qualify for the 
most sacred of all human occupations, the practice of the true 
system of medicine. 

"The physician who enters on his work in this spirit becomes 
directly assimilated to the Divine Creator of the world, whose 
human creatures he helps to preserve, and whose approval 
renders him thrice blessed." 

The book consists of two parts : the introduction and the 

Organon proper. The introduction is first devoted to an analysis 

of the imperfect and erroneous method, distinguishing the old 

school of medicine. This he calls: "A mode of cure with 

*The Organon, vol. i, p. 245, Liverpool. 


medical substances of unknown quality, compounded together, 
applied to diseases arbitrarily classified and arranged in refer- 
ence to their materiality, called Allopathy." 

The second part of the introduction is filled with examples 
from medical writings of cures unwittingly made by physicians 
in accordance with the law of the similars. These quotations 
are made from the writings of the ancients, from Hippocrates 
down through the great list of medical writers, with, as usual, 
careful references to each one. 

It is as much a wonder of intimate research and acquaintance 
with the medical literature of the past, as is his essay on Helle- 

He concludes: "Thus far the great truth has more than 
once been approached by physicians. But a transitory idea was 
all that presented itself to them; consequently the indispensable 
reform which ought to have taken place in the old school of thera- 
peutics, to make room for the true curative method, and a sys- 
tem of medicine at once simple and certain, has, till the present 
day, not been effected." 

The Organon proper is divided into paragraphs, each one of 
which contains one or more aphorisms in regard to the law of 
Homoeopathy, and the way in which it should be practiced. 
He gives full and careful directions for preparing medicines 
homoeopathically; states the proper size of the dose, expounds 
at length the doctrines of Homoeopathy; explains why such 
small doses can, and do, cure quickly; gives full directions for 
proving: in fact it is a full exposition of the new law, as Hahne- 
mann understood it. 

To any one who wishes to become more familiar with the 
teachings of the "Organon" explained in a simple and plain 
manner, it may be stated that this can be found in an article by 
Dr. Samuel Lilianthal, published in the California Homceopath, 
for March, April, May and June, 1889, under the title: "A 
Catechism of Samuel Hahnemann's Organon," and which was 
also published in the Homoeopathic World, for June and July, 
I889, as "The Essence of Samuel Hahnemann's Organon." Its 
tenets may here be found in a nutshell. 

The five editions of the Organon, that were published in 
Hahnemann's lifetime, differ somewhat from each other, the 
first edition is not as full as is the fifth, but the teaching is the 


same; that the duty of the physician is to cure the sick as easily 
and as speedily as possible. 

It may be mentioned here that the Organon has been trans- 
lated into English, French, Italian, Spanish, Hungarian, 
Dutch, Polish, Russian, Danish and Swedish. 

The publication of this was the signal for the commencement 
of a violent warfare against Hahnemann. He had raised his 
hand against the traditions of many years; he had demonstrated 
to the minds of many, that the usual practice of medicine was 
founded on nothing but the greatest uncertainty and empiricism; 
he had shown up the fallacies and inconsistencies of the doctors, 
the mistakes and ignorance of many of the apothecaries. 

In the place of all this doubt and confusion, he had clearly, 
and at length, proven that the system called by him that of the 
similars, or the positive method of healing, was really based 
upon a fixed and unalterable law; that homoeopathic medicines 
really would cure in a quicker and more easy way than any 
hitherto discovered. 

He was attacked in the medical journals of the day, books 
and pamphlets were fulminated against him and his strange 
doctrines. He was called a charlatan, a quack, an ignoramus. 
His minute doses were declared to be impossible. His tests of 
medicines were pronounced simply ridiculous. 

Especially bitter in attack was one Dr. A. F. Hecker, of Berlin, 
whose articles were published in th.eA?inaleu der gesammtcn Medi- 
an, Vol. 2. These reviews were so virulent that even Hahne- 
mann's opponents condemned them. Hahnemann did not under 
his own name answer them, in fact he never stooped to reply to 
his numerous calumniators. His son, Frederick, however, pub- 
lished a Refutation, in a pamphlet in 1811. 

The presumption is that Hahnemann himself and not the son 
wrote the Refutation to this bitter attack upon the "Organon." 

In 1889 Dr. R. E. Dudgeon published in the Hoynceopathic 
Wo7id M\.y-on^ letters written by Hahnemann, and extending 
from the years 181 1 to 1842. The first letter is one to Arnold, 
the publisher of his books.* By it, it will be seen that Hahne- 
mann was very desirous that the attack of Hecker upon the 
Organon should be answered. Dr. Dudgeon says in the intro- 
duction to this letter: "Accordingly a Refutation was prepared, 

*Honi. World, Loudou, Vols. 24, 25. 


nominally by his son, but to those familiar with the father's 
writings, it is easy to see who guided the junior Hahnemann's 
hand, ^ic * >ic ;i< As Frederick Hahnemann was quite a young 
man when this masterly Refutation of Hecker was written, and 
had not yet graduated, it is extremely doubtful if he had much 
to do with this learned anti-critique beyond lending his name to 
it, and possibly writing it out to his father's dictation."* 

The letter concerning the publication of this refutation is as 
" My Dear Mr. Arnold: 

" I wish you had read Hecker's abusive article against me; 
you would then think that the Refutation is only too moderate. 
You cannot wish that no reply should have been made by my 
son to those shameful accusations. In such cases every author 
should know best what answer he should make. You then re- 
turned the manuscript in order that some alterations should be 
made. (Who was it marked these passages ? Was it you or was 
it Rober? If the latter, he must have already read the manu- 
script and considered the remainder faultless !) Look now — 
though the author did not consider it necessary, yet to please 
you he altered and modified those passages. You could not 
desire more, nor could you ask more. And when this is done, 
and yet your censor does not allow the manuscript to pass, it is 
not the author's fault that it is not printed, and that you should 
have made no preparations for printing it, as the censure was 
not justified. 

"Moreover, no censor can refuse to allow the printing of a 
defensive work in which the assailant is repulsed with actual 
libels (which is not the case in this manuscript), for libels of 
private persons concern not the censor, but the author. If there 
are personal libels in the book, it is not tlie censor, nor yet 
the publisher, but only the author, who can be legally prose- 
cuted. Consequently what Mr. Rober has written under the 
title is sham pretext for his refusal. The true reason can be 
nothing else than the rough truths told of the medical art in the 
work. If calumnies could prevent the printing of a book, then 
Hecker's abusive work would never have passed the censure. 
But we must take into consideration the underhand, backbiting, 
sneaking ways for which Dresden is distinguished. 

*Hom. World, Vol. 24, p. 202. 


"The truths of universal utility respecting the medical art 
contained in this book, and which constitute its chief value, 
would assuredly excite the opposition of the Leipsic professors, 
especially when they learn that its publication has been refused 
in Dresden. The plain truth it contains would only bring upon 
my son annoyances from his teachers, under whom he still must 
remain for a short time, and by whom he will soon have to pass 
the examination for his degree. As yet none of the professors 
have seen the manuscript, though they will hear of it. 

"The best plan would be to have the manuscript printed in 
some small place where there does not exist any great prejudice 
in favor of the traditional medicine, out of which there is no 
salvation; where such (truthful) denials of its claims would not 
be thought so much of; or where the official doctor, if there is 
one, and he is inclined to be nasty, may be bribed to keep quiet 
with a few dollars. 

"If you will adopt this plan, and assure me that copies of the 
book shall not be issued until my sou has taken his degree, 
which he will do as soon as possible, then the manuscript of the 
Refutation is still at your service, and you shall then get the 
Materia Medica. 

"If it had been secretly printed in Dresden, without the veto 
of the Holy Inquisition, then my son would have already got 
his degree before any particular notice had been taken of it in 

"But now that so much fuss has been made about the thing in 
Leipsic, there is no other way to manage it but that which I 
have proposed. Nor can a single word of the manuscript be 

" It is incredible that charges of heresy and the spirit of 
persecution could prevail, even in matters of science, and exer- 
cise their despotism, but it is so, as we see in this case. 

"But shall this miserable charge of heresy prevent the most 
salutary truths being said and printed? Freedom of action, and 
liberty of the press, must prevail when grand new truths shall 
be communicated to the world. What could Luther have done 
with his splendid ideas if he had not been able to get them 
printed? If he could not have sent his outspoken, plain truths 
hot from his heart to the press of his dear, courageous friend, 
the bookseller and publisher, Hans Luft, with all the hard 


words and abusive expressions he deemed useful for his object. 
Then everything was printed that was necessary, and it was 
only so, and in no other way, that the salutary Reformation 
could be effected. It is, of course, not necessary for me, like 
lyUther, to abuse the Pope, and call him an ass in my writings, 
but I and my son must be able to say salutary truths in order 
to bring about the much-needed reform in medicine. Hans 
Luft was almost as indispensable an instrument of the Reforma- 
tion as Luther himself. 

"I, too, require for the good cause as warm, as hearty a 
friend of the truth for my publisher as Luft was for Luther. 

"But if I experience such great resistance I cannot advance 
another step. 

" It is just the same with the Materia Medica. If the ene- 
mies of truth are not either silenced or convinced and instructed 
by this refutation of Hecker, my Materia Medica cannot make 
any way. The public can never be brought to make any use of 
it if the malicious objections of Hecker and Company are not 
distinctly refuted. If Hecker and opponents of his stamp 
remain unrefuted, I cannot with honor go on with the educa- 
tional works I am projecting, and even the Organon itself will 
cease to be respected. No one would believe the effect such 
mendacious representations have on the public. 

" If the Refutation should not appear, it will be thought that 
these calumnies against myself and my Organon are unrefutable, 
and I would be, as it were, banished. No one would listen to 
what I said, even should I say the most salutary things. The 
prejudiced statements and miserable accusations of this more 
than spiteful man must be utterly smashed up, before I can go 
on with my educational work. 

"This is the state of things. It is for you to determine whether 
you can interest yourself sufficiently in the truth and the good 
cause as to remain my publisher. See if you can realize my 
present wishes.* 

" Yours sincerely, 

"April 24, (1811.) "Dr. Hahnemann." 

"I have just heard from Leipsic that pressure is to be put on 
my son to withdraw his Refutation. I beg Mr. Voigt to imme- 
diately write and tell Magister Schubert that the manuscript 
*Hom.. World, Vol. 24, p. 203. 


business is already settled, and that he should leave my son 

Burnett says:* " In all Hahnemann's checkered career noth- 
ing strikes me as showing more profound wisdom than his 
letting his adversaries alone in their vile abuse ; he might have 
hurled back their slanders, and defended himself and his dis- 
covery with the eloquence of a Demosthenes ; but, as Celsus 
remarks, ' Morbi non eloquentia sed remediis curantur ('Diseases 
are not cured by eloquence, but by remedies'), and so he plodded 
on at his 'Materia Medica,' on which much of his great glory 
must ever rest." 

The books and pamphlets written against Homoeopathy at 
this time may be numbered by hundreds, and, in addition, the 
journals of the dominant school were filled with articles. One 
Simon even published a journal called the Anti-Homoopathie 
Archiv., that extended through several volumes. 

And Hahnemann, except in letters to his friends, and perhaps, 
in the above mentioned Refutation, replied to this hail of abuse 
by not one word. It reminds one of the old fable of the gnat 
which perched on the back of the ox and asked him if he hurt 
him much ; and the good-natured ruminant answered that he 
did not know he was there. 

But a fitting answer was given to the jealous horde in the 
year, 1811, when Hahnemann gave to the world the first volume 
of the "Materia Medica Pura." And during this period of 
abuse he also made many new converts to his mild and success- 
ful system of healing. 


In the early part of the year 1811 Hahnemann removed to 
the great medical city of Leipsic, in order to engage more 
actively in the propagation of his new system by means of 
didactic lectures. 

What a marvelous variety of changes had compassed the life 
of this man since the time when he departed from the great city 
*Ecce Medicus, p. 146, (See Recorder.) 


a boy of twenty-two with the future all before him. Vienna, 
Hermanstadt, Erlangen, Dessau, Gommern, Dresden; the mo- 
mentous discovery at lyeipsic; Georgenthal, the Wander-years 
afterwards, and Torgau with its literary results, until now, with 
a name well-known in all Germany, with a new and superior 
system of medicine to his credit, he, a man of fifty-six years, and 
as he called himself — cosmopolite — once more turns towards the 
scene of his earlier student life. 

Trial, sorrow, privation, malevolence, falsehood, all had fol- 
lowed him like shadows; yet had he gone patiently and manfully 
•on in the path he had determined to follow. Now he returned 
to Leipsic to teach to others the truths that God had permitted 
iiim to discover; to disseminate a certain law of healing for the 
good of his fellow-men. 

In this place two letters from his sister Charlotte may be of 

-Charlotte was Hahnemann's favorite sister. For her first 
husband she married the Rev. A. B. Trinius, of Bisleben; after 
his death she wedded General Superintendent Dr. MuUer, of 
Eisleben. The younger son of whom she speaks in the second 
letter, as seeing in the train of the Duchess Antoinette, of Wur- 
temberg, whose body physician he then was, was Hahnemann's 
favorite nephew, Trinius, and he was greatly distinguished as a 
botanist, physician and poet. Some further account of him may 
be found in the chapter concerning Hahnemann's family. 

It is said of this lady: " Hahnemann's amiableness as a man 
is strikingly exemplified by the fact that he was dearly be- 
loved, not only by his pupils but by his relatives, and the ex- 
pressed opinion of the latter is extremely valuable in that con- 
nection; his eldest sister, the wife of the General Superintendent 
Muller, in Eisleben, deserves special mention. She possessed a 
most estimable character, and was extremely pious, learned and 
henevolent, and her ripe scholarship induced many young peo- 
ple to study more diligently. Hahnemann and his wife were 
her darlings. The following letters written at a very important 
period of her life permit a glimpse into the depths of her mind 
and heart: " * 

''My Dear Brother: How much; O, how much, I should like 
to press thee and thine once more to my heart in this life! I 

* "Biographisches Denkmal," p. loo. 


would have traveled round the world to have done it; but, un- 
fortunately, all thy news makes all, yes all, impossible. So then 
thou hast been right well, thou who hast been so mindful of me. 

' ' Not a day passes that I do not offer a prayer for thee ta 
God, who loves us all so much that in order to procure ever- 
lasting happiness for us, and to confirm his own attributes, He 
assumed the person of Jesus Christ for us all. Come all ye 
dear ones whom I would press to my heart at this solemn 
moment, and would greet with the greeting of love, come. 
We should permit no day to pass in which we do not pray for 
help from the Holy Spirit to enable us to be duly and truly 
thankful to the Father and His Eternal Son that He cares for 
us. How happy and well have I felt in the midst of tny pains 
and griefs during the last thirty- four years; for thus long has it 
been that Jesus Christ has been my wisdom, righteousness, 
salvation and redemption. 

" When you receive these lines I shall be on my way to 
where God called me, and where he caused manna to grow for 
me, a poor woman destitute of all property, and where I shall 
still use the faculties with which he has endowed me. 

" My sons have just learned through me that I am going to 

" Count von lyieven has written me an extremely kind letter,, 
and has provided me with a pass and travelling expenses. 

"When I shall have been in Senten for a little while I will' 
send you a true account of my condition. 

" May Leipzic be the scene of all the earthly happiness that 
it is possible for thee to enjoy in this world. 

"Alas, my dear brother, I cannot tell thee all that my soul 
would express. 

" Thy loving sister, 

" Ch. G. Muller. 

''Edersleben near Eislebe7i^ /iinc i8, 1811.'" 

"Senten, October 17, 18 ri. 

'■'My Dear Brother: I declare to thee that there passes scarcely 

a day that I do not think of thee, thy wife and children, and 

think of thee so justly with love, too. What it has cost not to 

see once more you all whom I would press to my heart from the 



eldest to the youngest that knows how to love, can be better 
felt than described. I had a pleasant journey, which was with- 
out any important happenings ; in fact, I was not seasick once 
during the twenty-four hours that we were crossing the Gulf of 

"Three delightful stops, in Halle, Berlin, and Konigsberg, 
respectively — in all of which places there reside dear acquaint- 
ances of mine — added pleasure to the journey. How kindly and 
kinsmanlike I was received ! I met Count and Countess von 
lyieven at the house of Herr von Sacken, the Countess's father. 
I rested there eight days, and then went on with the Count's 
family to Senten. If thou wouldst understand my position, 
it is that of a loving mother. 

" I have now been here three months, and can bear testimony 
of two kinds: one kind is that what I teach the Countess is 
more like a pleasure than a burden ; and the other, that no time 
is ever tedious here, for there are too many changes. I had 
formed a different opinion of Curland. 

"Almost everything here betokens prosperity, and I had sup- 
posed that the inhabitants were poor and wretched. 

"The weddings of the serfs, or bondmen, here cost one, two, 
and three hundred thalers ; and whoever is not in good circum- 
stances has himself to blame for it. Plenty prevails almost 
everywhere, and especially at the farmhouses. Breakfast at our 
house here consists of white and black bread, butter, cheese, 
pickled salmon and herring, a kind of sea fish called lamprey, 
sugared rum, liquor and orangeade. At the close of meals, 
however, there is no intoxication. Permit me to say that I am 
frugal, and in good health. 

" I saw my eldest son for a few hours in the forenoon before I 
reached Frauenburg. He almost got on his knees and begged 
me to go live with him, and wished to share with me all that he 
had ; but so long as I have my strength I will not eat the bread 
of my children. If I do not utterly mistake I maj- be buried 
here at the I^ieven homestead. 

"I saw my youngest son in the cortege of the Duchess of 
Wurtemberg, on its way from the sea baths to Witepsk, in 

' ' It seems as if God had allotted me a resting place for the 
remainder of my life here in this dear family, where I might 


enjoy the most inspiring of all realities. Jesus Christ has made 
us unto wisdom, righteousness, salvation and redemption. My 
heart lives therein, and I am happy and of good cheer. 

"Thy Sister, 

" She loves thee with her whole soul." 

From the time of Hahnemann's settlement in lyeipsic may be 
reckoned a new and important epoch in his life. Heretofore he 
had been driven from place to place, by the jealousy and bigotry 
of the physicians, and their allies, the apothecaries. He had 
endeavored by every possible means that an honest man could 
devise to persuade the doctors to try the new and simple system. 
He had, in his writings, placed the matter in a temperate way 
before the reading portion of the profession. He had carefully 
explained the path by which he reached certainty from the 
doubts of the old and imperfect methods of practice. 

It had been all in vain, and now he gave up all thoughts of 
argument and of kindliness; persecution had made him bitter. 
From this time he became a most uncompromising foe to those 
who would not listen believingly to his doctrines. 

He gave up the idea of modifying in the least degree the pre- 
determined opinions of the older physicians. He turned to the 
students and the younger doctors who, as yet, were not so firmly 
fixed in prejudice, and who were willing to submit, with some 
degree of fairness, these new and startling theories of medicine to 
a reasonable test. 

He soon collected from the students, congregated at Leipsic, a 
select coterie, to whom he commenced to teach his doctrines. 

His first desire had been to establish a college with a Homceo- 
pathic hospital attached, but this he could not do, and therefore 
he resolved to deliver lectures upon the principles of his beloved 

Albrecht says: * "Hahnemann resolved to move to Leipsic to 
devote himself to instructing the pupils of the Medical Depart- 
ment of the University. When he asked for the privilege of 
delivering lectures, RosenmuUer, who was then the Dean of the 
Medical Faculty, told him that a doctor extraneiis, although 
he is legally entitled to practice medicine, has not for that reason 
the privilege of delivering lectures, but that he must first gain 
*Albrecht's " Leben und Wirken," p. 30. 


such a privilege by the vindication of a dissertation with a re- 
spondent from the Medical Schools, and that he must pay to the 
Faculty a fee of fifty thalers. Then he becomes a member of the 
Faculty and may announce his lectures both in the catalogue of 
Lectors and by public posters." 

In accordance with this regulation Hahnemann was now 
compelled to pay the usual fee, and to defend a thesis before the 
Faculty of Medicine. 

In defending a thesis according to the law of the Universities 
of that day, the candidate was obliged to present it before a 
mixed body of scientists, and be prepared to defend it from 
criticisms and attacks that any one of his medical listeners 
might make against its truth. 

On the 26th of June, 1812, Hahnemann presented a Latin 
thesis, entitled "A Medical Historical Dissertation on the 
Hellebori?m of the Ancients."* 

His son Frederick acted as the respondent. The thesis was a 
marvel of research and erudition, concerning the white helle- 
bore of the ancients, which he proved to be identical with the 
Veratrum album of the present. 

He referred to many of the earlier writers, and in such a way 
as shows distinctly that he must have carefully studied their 

In order to have written this he must have read in their ori- 
ginal language, the works of Avicenna from the Arabic, Galen, 
Pliny, Oribasius, Herodotus, Hippocrates, Ctesias the Coan, 
Theophrastus theKresian, Haller, Scaliger, Dioscorides, Murray, 
Pallas, Vicat, Lucretius, Celsus, Jacquinus, Salmatius, Antyllus, 
Grassius, Muralto, Gesner, Bergius, Greding, Unter, Lorry, 
Reimann, Scholzius, Benevenius, Rodder, Lentilius, Strabo, 
Stephanus the Byzantine, Rufus, ^tius the Amideman, 
Rasarius, Archigenes, Aretseus of Cappadocia, Plistonicus, 
Diodes, Themison, Cgelius Aurelianus, Alexander of Tralles, 
Paulus of ^gina, Johannes, Massarius, Petri Belloni, Pzusanius, 
Mnesitheus, Rufus the Ephesian, and many more. 

The above medical writers are referred to in no superficial 
manner. Hahnemann must have read carefully each one of 
their writings, in order to quote them in the manner he does. 
In the Latin pamphlet published at the time, there are foot 

*Publislied in Hahnemann'. " Cesser Writings," New York, 1852, page 


notes on every page, and these references are very circum- 
stantial, both in regard to the subject, and also concerning the 

He often corrects mistakes in the old writings, stating care- 
fully wherein each one is wrong. Thus on page 603 he says: 
"Pliny is, however, wrong in here stating Phocian Anticyra to 
be an island for it was situated on the continent, half a mile 
from the port. Pausanias has described its position." On page 
613 he speaks of restoring a word in Sarrazin's text of Dio- 
scorides, and says that he is fully borne out by Avicenna's 
Arabic version. On page 615 he says: " ^tius is wrong in 
saying that Johannes Actuarius was the first to allege that 
Hellebore acts without difiiculty." 

Of Mesne he enters into particulars on page 594: "He 
flourished in the reign of caliph Al Rashid, about the year 800, 
a man of such celebrity that he was termed the evangelist of 

From all these writers he culls, and refers to the book and 
passage in the writings of each in which any mention is made 
of the Hellebore. 

In order to do this their pages must have been all turned 
over, and he must have read in Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Arabic, 
Italian, French, English and German. 

It is needless to say that no one attacked this wonder of 
philological research. All his hearers were amazed. The Dean 
of the Faculty publicly tendered his congratulations. 

And yet, a few years later this master of medical learning was 
hounded out of Leipsic by physicians who said he was not 
capable of preparing his own medicines; they even burnt those 
medicines, so great was their prejudice against the man! 

Albrecht tells the following anecdote to illustrate the effect 
that Hahnemann's scholarship had upon the physicians at the 
time: f 

"A Dr. Huck, of Lutzen, a small city near Leipzic, writes 
thus to a friend in Penig: Dear Friend — Though I seldom talk 
to any one about one of the greatest thinkers of all the centuries, 
yet I gladly write to you about the man who, by evident proofs 
of his great ability, has in a short time wholly won over to him- 

*"Dissertatio Historico — Medica de Helleborismo veterum," Lipsiae, 1812. 
t"Leben und Wirken," p. 30. "Biographisches Denkmal," p. 31. 


•self the unprejudiced portion of the medical as well as the non- 
medical learned men of Leipzic. To hear Hahnemann^ the 
keenest and boldest investigator of nature, deliver a master- 
piece of his intellect and industry, was to me a truly beatific 
enjoyment. I returned home as if in a dream, and a wilderness 
seemed to surround me, as I was obliged to acknowledge to my- 
self, ' You are not worthy to loose the latchets of his shoes.' 

" He will deliver a private lecture at Michaelmas. I shall be 
a student next year again, and if unforeseen circumstances do 
not prevent, will see what I can derive from this inconceivable 
source. If Hahnemann would stoop to act contrary to his noble 
■character and play the hypocrite, like so many other (seemingly) 
great men, even the most renowned citizens of Leipzic would be 
obliged to lower their pretensions Most of his opponents were 
•so candid and courteous as to acknowledge that they were 
wholly of his opinion, medically speaking, and they thought 
that any one in order to say anything would be obliged to dis- 
cuss the matter philologically. He covered himself with renown 
and remained victor. 

" Had it not been a very unsuitable time to look for him on 
that day, I would have gone to him, and would have voluntarily 
and unconditionally betaken myself to his banner." 

This letter is dated Lutzen, August 9, 1812. Albrecht adds 
in a note: "The physician, of whose letter this is an extract, as 
a token of his high regard for Hahnemann, christened his son 
Luther Reinhard Hahnemann." 

Hartmann says of this period of his life:* "With the year 
181 1, when Hahnemann chose Leipsic as his place of residence, 
begins a new and very highly important era in his life. He 
doubtless moved to Leipsic to deliver lectures and thus to make 
accessible to the young medical students his new system of medi- 
cine, as he well realized that it would always remain a terra in- 
cognita to the physicians of the old school. For this purpose he 
became one of the Faculty through his disputation, and also wrote 
his ' Historico-Medical Dissertation on the Helleborism of the 
Ancients,' and publically vindicated the same on June 26, 18 12, 
having selected as his respondent his son, Frederick Hahnemann, 
then a Baccalaureate of Medicine. There was at that time but 
one opinion concerning his intellectual and scholarly treatise, 
*Allg. Horn. Zeit., Vol. 26, p. 180. 


and Ludwig, then Dean of the Medical Faculty, publicly eulo- 
gized him for it." 

In December, 1811, he had the following announcement in- 
serted in the Reichanzeiger: 

"mfdicaIv institute." 

"I feel that my doctrine enunciated in the ' Organon of 
Rational Healing' aroused the highest expectations for the wel- 
fare of the sick, but by its very nature it is so new and striking, 
and not only opposes almost all medical dogmas and traditional 
observations, but also deviates from them as widely as heaven 
from earth, that it cannot so readily gain entrance among the 
otherwise educated physicians of my time, unless practical 
demonstration comes to its assistance. 

" In order to effect this object among my contemporaries, and 
thus show them by the evidence of sight that the truth of this, 
doctrine stands firmly upon an irrefutable basis in its whole ex- 
tent, and that the Homoeopathic method of healing, new as it is, 
is the only acceptable, the most consistent, the simplest, the 
surest and the most beneficent of all earthly ways of healing 
human disease, I have decided to open here in Leipzic, at the 
beginning of April, an Institute for Graduate Physicians. 

' ' In this Institute I shall elucidate in every respect the entire 
Homoeopathic system of healing as taught in the ' Organon,' and 
shall make a practical application of it with patients treated in 
their presence, and thus place my pupils in a condition to be able 
to practice this system in all cases themselves. 

" A six months' course will be sufficient to enable any intelli- 
gent mind to grasp the principles of the Homoeopathic law of 

Hahnemann thus announced his first course of lectures on the 
theory and principles of Homoeopathy, and said that in them he 
would explain the principles of the "Organon." They were 
commenced in April, 18 12. 

He gave two lectures weekly, on Wednesday and Saturday 
afternoons, from 2 to 3 o'clock. These lectures were continued 
semi-annually during his entire stay at I^eipsic, from 181 2 to 

As an example of Hahnemann's method of selecting the 
remedy the following letter addressed to Stapf, in 18 13, may be 
interesting. It was first published by Dr. Hering, in the 


Homceopathic News of Philadelphia, 1855, and then was copied 
into the Zeitung for June 25, 1855.* 

Stapf consulted Hahnemann about his own child. At this 
time the first part only of the Materia Medica had been pffib- 
lished. Stapf does not seem to have reported the symptoms 
very carefully, and he had mentioned as possible remedies, Nux 
vomica, Chamomilla, Pulsatilla and China. In the original letter 
Hahnemann, in mentioning the symptoms, calls them also by 

" Notwithstanding that Nux vomica 795 produced perspiration 
standing on the forehead; 826, perspiration when moving; 830, 
in general, perspiration during sleep; Chamomilla, 826, perspira- 
tion especially about the head during sleep; Pulsatilla, per- 
spiration during sleep, disappearing when awaking; China, per- 
spiration when moving (crying), perspiration in the head especi- 
ally (but also in the hair) ; there is more indication for Pulsatilla 
by the itching of the eyes, which Pulsatilla has, especially with 
redness in the external corner of the eye after rubbing, and 
with agglutination of them in the morning; if not, Ig7iatia 
would be preferable, which also cures itching and redness, but 
in the internal corners with agglutination in the morning, in 
•case the child's disposition is very changeable, now too lively, 
and then peevishly crying, which Ig7iatia produces; and if there 
should be, at the same time, a great sensitiveness to the day- 
light when opening the eyes in the morning, which also is 
caused by Ignatia; or, in case of a mild disposition and a weep- 
ing mood in the evening, and a general aggravation of symptoms 
in the evening, Piilsatilla. 

"The frequent awakening during the night indicates Ignatia 
more than Pulsatilla, the latter has more a late falling asleep. 
The itching of the nose has been observed mostly from Nux 
vomica. Ignatia and Chamotnilla have both, the latter more — 
pain during micturition. Pulsatilla the most pain before urinat- 
ing. The loud breathing has been observed of China and Nux 
— from the latter especially during sleep. 

"As these remedies correspond much with each other {China 
excepted), and one corrects the faults and bad effects of the 
other (if only Ignatia does not follow Nux, or Nux is not given 

'''Allg. Ham. Zeitung. Voh 50, page 64. Horn. News, Phila., 1855, 
page 5. 


immediately after Ignatia as they are not well suited to follow* 
one another, on account of their too great medical similarity), 
you yourself can judge now, as to the succession in which you. 
may choose to employ Ignatia^ Pulsatilla, Nitx vomica, Chaino- 
niilla, if the first, or one of the others, should not alone prove 
sufficient. To give Chainomilla there ought to be more thirst 
at night than at present, and more irritability. China has little 
or nothing for itself, and is therefore not to be chosen." 

Hahnemann's lectures were attended both by students and. 
physicians, old and young, nor were these confined to the mem- 
bers of the medical profession; others, as in the case of Baron 
von Brunnow, who was a student of law, listened to the new 
propaganda of this enthusiastic old man. The fame of his mar- 
velous learning, the desire to understand something of the new 
truth of medicine, and the wish, no doubt, to hear the man who- 
was making such wonderful cures, all were factors in attracting 
many to his lectures. 

We are indebted to Dr. Franz Hartmann, one of his pupils at 
that time, for very much that we know concerning his life and 
teaching in Leipsic. He says that had Hahnemann not been so- 
bitter in his abuse of the old school of medicine and its adher- 
ents, he would have attracted more real followers. 

One can readily understand the reasons for this bitterness on 
the part of this old man, for he was then nearly sixty years of 
age ; he had been driven from place to place, his statements- 
laughed at, his knowledge scorned, his efforts at conciliation met 
with calumny and lies. 

He had long before this time ceased to use his former methods 
of temperate argument. He now exercised little patience for 
the men who condemned his doctrines without investigation. 

During this time he was working upon the " Reine Arzneimit- 
tellehre," or "Materia Medica Pura." The first volume wa& 
published in Dresden by Arnold in 1811; the second and third 
volumes in 1 816-17; the fourth in 1818; the fifth in 18 19; and 
the sixth in 1821. A second edition was published by Arnold 
(1822 to 1827). 

The " Materia Medica Pura " consists of a record of the symp- 
toms obtained from different medical substances proven upon the 
healthy body by Hahnemann and his disciples. In the preface 
to volume I. he says: 


"I forbear writing a criticism of the existing S}'Stems and 
modes of preparation of remedial agents. Physicians imagine 
that they can judge of the remedial virtues of medicinal agents 
by their color, taste and smell; they suppose they can extract 
these virtues by distillation or sublimation in the shape of 
phlegma, ethereal oils, pungent acids and oils, volatile salts, or 
from the caput mortuum, they imagine they can extract alkalies 
and earths almost by the same processes, or agreeabl}^ to the 
modern method, they dissolve the soluble parts of those sub- 
stances in different liquids, inspissate the extracts, or add many 
kinds of reagents for the purpose of extracting resin, gum, 
gluten, starch, wax and albumen, salts and earths, acids and 
alkaloids, or converting the substances into gases. 

"In spite of all these violent transformations the medicinal 
substances never showed the remedial virtues which each of 
them possesses, the material extracts did not embody the cura- 
tive power of the respective medicinal substances. That power 
cannot be presented in a tangible form but can only be recog- 
nized by its effects in- the living organism. 

"The day of the true knowledge of remedies and a true sys- 
tem of therapeutics will dawn when physicians shall abandon 
the ridiculous method of mixing together large portions of medic- 
inal substances whose remedial virtues are only known specu- 
latively or by vague praises, which is in fact not to knoiv them at 


In the prefaces to the several volumes he mentions the fallacies 
of polypharmacy, the advantage of prescribing according to a 
simple and fixed law. He makes careful explanations of the 
experiments whose results are recorded, gives the order in which 
the symptoms of the drags are classified and arranged, with 
explanations of certain obscure symptoms. 

As a preface to volume IV. he publishes the essay : " How is 
it Possible That Small Homoeopathic Doses Should Have Such 
great Power?" 

In this he advances his theory that minute subdivision of a 
substance increases its power of medicinal action. 

Under each remedy is first an introduction, giving its method 
of preparation and best limit of attenuation, with general 
remarks on its action on the system ; then follow the symptoms, 
classified according to the parts of the body. 


In the German editions these symptoms are numbered. It 
was originally issued in six volumes, and contained the provings 
of fifty-four remedies. 

In 1813 he published in the AUgemeirie Aiizeiger, for March, 
an article on "The Spirit of the Homoeopathic Healing I^aw." 
This was a resume of the truths regarding the effects of reme- 
dies prescribed in accordance with the Homoeopathic law. It 
has been many times republished. It is to be particularly 
noticed, as it was the first essay on the subject of Homoeopathy 
printed in the United States. It was translated into imperfect 
English by Dr. Hans Birch Gram, and published in New York 
city in 1825. 



Soon after Hahnemann commenced to lecture at Leipsic, one 
Dr. Robbi, a young Allopathic physician, succeeded in ingra- 
tiating himself in his favor by feigned respect and admiration for 
his genius. He afterwards became one of the foremost in ridi- 
culing his system. Robbi's letter and Hahnemann's answer are 
both given in full, as illustrating the kindliness of Hahnemann 
towards the man whom even then he must have mistrusted. 
Dr. Robbi writes as follows:* 

''Noble and Honored Sir: A year ago I heard you deliver 
your lectures on the 'Organon of Healing' with much pleasure, 
and how the scales fell from my eyes; much was clear to me, but 
there was much that was not clear, and therefore I had almost 
decided, along with my late friend, Mr. Hannemann, to investi- 
gate more thoroughly a system by which we might be able to 
attain to something more positive in medicine. My friend, 

H and I had incurred much enmity among our colleagues 

through our vindication of your method of healing, and especially 
that of Dr. N . 

"My friend, Hannemann, died, and his death took me back to 
*"Biographisches Deukmal," p. 128. 


practice in the hospital, and finally the derangement of my nerv- 
ous system by a so-called t3'phus nosocomialis took me far from 
my beautiful goal. But, nevertheless, I studied your 'Organon.' 
I have now taken a degree, and have no longer to spend so 
much on the symbolical books of the Ars conjechiralis. 

"I have taken the liberty to write to Prince Repnin, through 
his family physician, Dr. Bizzatti, who is my friend, about the 
public benefit that would be derived from introducing your 
method of healing, and I hope to receive more definite informa- 
tion about the matter in a few days. 

"I should like very much to talk with you personally on some 
topics concerning your system. I have already gone twice to 
the lectures in your department and was not admitted, so that I 
suppose that my visit is not agreeable to you, and I must have 
recourse to writing. 

"And, besides this, unfortunately, I have seen from one of 
your letters to Dr. Dienemann that you wholly misjudge me and 
already consider me to be sunk in the mire of the old school. I 
shall not cast aside my method of healing until I find a better 
one; and I shall by no means depend either on the prejudices of 
custom — that childish belief — and justify or defend what is non- 
sensical; only I must first have clearness, for then only am I 

"I have thought of translating your 'Organon' into English 
or Italian; but as I cannot previously have a personal talk with 
you about the matter, I think that it will scarcely be able to be 
done. There is no doubt that the publication of such a system of 
medicine would produce no insignificant revolution among the 
learned in Kngland and Italy, since the unimportant system of 
the theory of contra-stimulation, which is nothing but a modifi- 
cation of Brown's theory of stimulation, has already taken root 
in the whole of Italy. I can send you an Italian treatise on this 
system, if it would be of interest to you, to make yourself 
acquainted with it. 

"With profound esteem, I have the honor to be 
' ' Your obedient servant, 

" Dr. Heinrich Robbi. 

"P. S. — Of your works, I have only the 'Organon' and the 
defence of your system against Hecker's silly attack. I must 
procure for myself all the other books that you have written. 


and I therefore entreat you to furnish me with a complete list of 
the same." 

To this letter Hahnemann made the following dignified and 
kindly answer: 

''Dear Dr. Rohbi : Having taken your degree, you are now 
at liberty to think and act as you please — a desideratum of the 
greatest importance to every artisan. You are now free to go 
on in the old way, or to adopt the new one now pointed out. 

" I am gratified to find that, though owing to my professional 
engagements, I was unable to converse with you at my resi- 
dence, I am now able to communicate m)^ meaning to you in 
another and more permanent manner, by writing. The tendency 
of my opinion is to warn you against the adoption of Homoeo- 
pathy. Listen to me! 

" When we pursue a practical career in life we usually have a 
threefold purpose: ist. To make ourselves generally beloved 
by our mode of thinking and acting, to make no blunders, and 
to be corrupted by nobody. 2d. To arrange our business so as 
to transact it the most readily. 3d. To earn as much as possible 
by this business. 

' ' You can reach no one of these three purposes so well 
through Homoeopathy as through the way usually cho.sen. For 
you think, since one is tolerated among his colleagues if he 
wishes to do nothing that is new, and immediately pursues the 
same path as they do, that it commands respect not to raise 
yourself above them by introducing improvements, and not to 
cast suspicion upon the belief of your ancestors by any innova- 

"Then one is your 'dear colleague,' and it comes into the 
mind of no one of these colleagues to undermine your good name 
by defamation. 

" If one is addicted to their way, to their belief — hallowed by 
time-honored opinions — in other words, does as they do, who 
should then calumniate, harm, and persecute you? How can it 
come into the mind of anyone who has a conscientious heart to 
do wrong to a brother of the same persuasion ? By following 
this course you clearly see you secure good will of your col- 
leagues, and you perceive that no one will then rob you of the 
esteem and confidence which you command among your patients. 
You remain without scruple a friend to their surrounding and 


in the most friendly understanding with them. Is this of no 
significance ? 

"On the other hand, I need not remind you of what the 
Homoeopathist has to endure. Just recall what you have heard 
with your own ears, or have read here and there. Would you 
•court such martyrdom ? I do not advise you to do so. 

"The second purpose, the readier transaction of business, you 
■cannot reach as certainly as by the usual way. There are 
■enough prescriptions of a prescribed form for all specified dis- 
■eases, and if some disease has no name it is given a prescribed 
name, and there is applied to it the medical formula given to it 
iDy the learned man who wrote on that particular disease. 
^Everything is at hand, and we have only to imitate, and if any- 
one censures or condemns the treatment he is referred to the 
book. Then he must hold his tongue ! How easy it is to 
incorporate in one's memory a certain number of formulas which 
one need only to recall to mind at the bedside of the patient in 
order to jot down one thing or other on a slip of paper. This 
requires scarcely two minutes. The apothecary prepares the 
prescription for us, and what a convenience! 

"And then only a few questions to ask the patient, to see his 
"tongue and to feel his pulse, in order to know what is the ail- 
ment. In this way a dozen patients are prescribed for and got 
rid of in an incredibly short space of time; and then one can 
have to himself almost the whole da}^! By this method the 
apothecary remains favorably inclined to us; and who does not 
know how important and indispensable his favor is to the 
physician ? 

" How ill fares a Homoeopathic physician! He must take the 
trouble to inquire about all the circumstances or conditions of 
the patient in order to be able to select a suitable remedy. 
This occasions a loss of time, at least at the first visit, and in 
this time the ordinary physician can prescribe for three times as 
many patients; and then he gives a very considerable number of 
glasses, jars and boxes. Sick people are accustomed to these, 
and they like to have many, and of different kinds; but, on the 
other hand, the little that the Homoeopathist gives scarcely 
begets the confidence of the sick. It would be foolish to reply 
that the Homoeopathic physician can have himself better paid, 
because notwithstanding the loss of time in questioning and 


meditating, yet he helps the patient in a shorter time than does 
the Allopath. 

"And, besides all this, all the rest of the medical fraternity strive 
heartily and mightily to alienate their acquaintance from him. 
I well, too, know the might of the innumerable lashing tongues 
which can proscribe one Homoeopathic physician. My worldly 
wisdom protects me from this vituperation, and it will so con- 
tinue to do. 

"And as regards the seemingly trifling matter of conscience 
which the Homoeopathic physician awakens and develops by 
his precise delineation of disease, by his selection of the ex- 
actly suitable remedy, and by the conviction that he should 
conscientiously furnish the true remedy to the patient with his 
own hands and supply it, too, with the best talent at his com- 
mand, he ought to strive to keep it pure. 

"But in this respect the Allopathist has to render an account 
to no one. He thinks, though, that it cannot be so bad and 
sinful since there are so many others who do not do differently, 
and that if there is a future beyond the grave, and an account- 
ability is to be rendered there, I too will remain where those many 
thousands of physician are; and he may even question whether 
there is a future, since so many jovial brethren say, ' Eat, drink 
and be merry, for there is no pleasure beyond the grave.' 
Though the conscience may sometimes permit itself to be set 
aside with the aid of a glass of wine, this cannot but be bad. 

" In fact, whoever has led for a few years the jovial, uncon- 
cerned and easy-going life of the ordinary practitioner of medi- 
cine, will not long for a so-called conscientious, or at least pains- 
taking, system of hsaling, such as is the Homoeopathic. For 
what is more void of concern and more easy and comfortable 
than the usual method of healing? 

"And the third purpose, earning a better livelihood, is 
wholly on the side of the ordinary physician. For we should 
bear in mind that he remains pretty nearly in the customary 
groove, or rut of practice, and does not stumble upon any inno- 
vation as regards his patients, and but little in respect to his 
colleagues and the apothecaries. And ought he ever to lack 
customers ? The apothecary mostly refers patients to the 
physician who gives plenty of prescriptions, and the physicians 
do not advise against this, for the apothecary is of their way of 


thinking. And how many patients there are who get three or 
four prescriptions daily. 

"The more of such prescriptions, the more there is doing, 
and the greater are the receipts of the apothecary. He, too,, 
does not lack a good income; for the great quantity of pre- 
scriptions furnish it. 

" If you wish to provide yourself as a matter of curiosity 
with what has been written by the man who at great personal 
sacrifice, has dared to contradict all that has been done to im- 
prove the status of medicine for many centuries, I respectfully 
refer 3^ou to the following few books : 

"The 'Organon' describes the various diseases and the 
remedial virtues of medicines viewed from a new standpoint, 
and applied very differently from what has been done hitherto. 

"The 'Fragmenta de viribus Medicamentorum positivis,' two- 
volumes, published by Ambr. Barth, Leipsic, 1805, describes 
the few peculiar medicinal actions or effects that I have dis- 
covered, and without a knowledge of which I think that we can- 
not use a medicine properly and rationally in any ailment. 

"The ' Pure Materia Medica' is a continuation of the ' Frag- 
menta,' though treating of only a small part of the medicines. 
The first volume of this was published in 1811 by Arnold, at 
Dresden, and by Bruder, at I,eipsic. The publication of the 
second part has been delayed by the dilatoriness of the publisher. 

"The title of the book which you request me to send you is 
' Treasury of Medicine' (Arzneischatz), published by Wilhelm 
Fleischer, 1800. It contains some observations of mine. 

"M}^ contemporaries must resort to these few books, in order 
to make themselves familiar with Homoeopathy; for I have not 
the time to tell to each personally what is requisite to become 
a Homoeopathist. 

"However, if I can be of assistance to you in understanding 
some phases of the subject, I will gladly give you audience any 
forenoon from 10:30 to 11 o'clock. My leisure time is very 
limited during the rest of the day, 

" S. Hahnemann." 

What a quiet bit of meaning in Hahnemann's line concerning 
the Treasury of Medicine. "It contains some observations of 
mine." This is the book of medical prescriptions for whichi 
Hahnemann wrote that famous preface ridiculing and con- 


demning the whole book. It certainly did contain some " ob- 
servations !" 

Robbi did not become a disciple. He entered the ranks of 
Hahnemann's detractors. It would seem that he did not in- 
tend to honestly investigate, by the tenor of his letter. 

Hahnemann's letter shows his opinion of Robbi; one reads 
between its lines that he never was altogether his dupe, but 
exercised a certain forbearance towards that young hypocrite. 

Hahnemann now had a number of devoted disciples who 
-gladly and faithfully assisted him in testing the effects of drugs 
upon their own healthy systems. This was a season of triumph 
and happiness for the old reformer; he was busily engaged in 
his favorite studies, and he also had the satisfaction of knowing 
that at last he was educating others to aid him in disseminating 
his new and beneficent law of medicine. 

In connection with this epoch of proving, the following is an 
extract from a letter written to Stapf in September, 1813:* 

' ' You are right that the aggravation by any substance, or 
symptoms which are present, most probably indicates that the 
medicine has the power of exciting these symptoms of itself. 
We must not, however, incorporate such symptoms in the list of 
the positive effects of the medicine, at least not in writing. 

"All we may do is to bear them in mind, so as to direct our 
attention to them specially, should they occur for the first time 
during the use of the medicine. 

" When I propose any substance for proving, I will take care 
that it is not one that is dangerous to the health, and so pre- 
pared that it will not affect you too violently; for we are not 
entitled to do injury to ourselves. I send you along with this 
some tincture of pure Helleborus niger, which I gathered myself. 
Each drop contains one-twentieth grain of the root. Any day 
when you are well, and have no very urgent business, and have 
not eaten au}^ medicinal substance (such as parsley) at dinner, 
take one drop of this to eight ounces of water, and a scruple of 
alcohol (to prevent its decomposition), shake it briskh-, and take 
an ounce of it while fasting; and so every hour and a half or 
two hours another ounce, as long as you are not too severely 
affected by what you take. But should severe symptoms set in, 
which I am not afraid of, you may take some drops of tincture 

*Stapf s "Neue Archivs.," vol. I. Brit. Jour. Horn., vol. III., pp. 137-140. 


of Camphor in an ounce of water, or more if necessary, and this 
will allay the symptoms. 

"After all the effects of the Hellebore have subsided, I wish 
you to try the effects of Camphor alone (it is a divine remedy). 
About two grains dissolved in a scruple of alcohol, and shaken 
with eight ounces of water, taken four or six times a day, with 
similar precaution as the other. 

" I thank you for the symptoms you sent me; many of them 
are very important. You must always strive to discover the 
exact expression for your sensations, and the changes in your 
sensations, as well as the conditions under which they are 
excited. My present scholars have a lighter task in this respect. 
Whenever they present me with such a list, I go through the 
symptoms along with them, and question them right and left, so 
as to complete from their recollection whatever requires to be 
more explicit, such as the time, conditions, etc., in which the 
•changes were prescribed." 

Stapf having suggested to Hahnemann the plan of inviting 
physicians to assist in proving medicines, he continues in the 
same letter as follows: " But all this you must do for yourself; 
you must go through the written prescription in order to find 
what has yet to be reported. In this respect yours is a harder 
task. From this strictness of mine for the promotion of the 
truth, you will perceive that your plan, although very well 
meant, is quite impracticable. Which of our everyday col- 
leagues would undertake such laborious experiments? When 
he can tap upon his well-filled receipt-book and say : ' Thou art 
my comfort; never can I be in doubt what to prescribe when I 
have thee at hand. It may go with my patients as it likes; I 
am quite safe. These receipts of the learned masters, as long as 
T prescribe them, no person can find fault with me.' 

" It would be in vain to attempt to elevate the views of such 
people. Even if we had an eternity to expend upon them, they 
never would resolve upon such careful experimental ism, since 
the common physician feels himself so comfortable without 
•observing, in the easy following of others in quoting 'authority' 
for everything, in speculating and assuming. 

" No, no, dismiss all such hopes. Such resolutions are not to 
T^e expected from such people. And what would the accom- 
plishment of their attempt be, suppose they made an attempt 


out of curiosity. Deceptions, imaginative stuff, or positive- 
falsehoods, with their irregular mode of life, their volatility and 
their deficiency in the spirit of observation and integrity; may 
God keep the pure doctrine from such dross. 

"No, it is only the young whose heads are not deluged to 
overflowing with a flood of everyday dogmas, and in whose 
arteries there runs not yet the stream of medical prejudice; it is 
only such young and candid natures, on whom truth and phil- 
anthropy have got a hold, who are open to our simple doctrine 
of medicine; it is only those who, impelled b}^ their own natural 
impulse (as I gladly observe in my pupils) to restore to the 
light of day by their devotion to the truth, those treasures of 
medicinal action — inestimable treasures which have been from of 
old allowed to lie unknown in obscurity of self-complacent, false 
reasoning ingenuity; and I think some of them have made con- 
siderable progress in the practice of observation, and so will the 
good spread, but only where it finds suitable ground and soil. 

"One word more: no encomiums of me; I altogether dislike 
them, for I feel myself to be nothing more than an upright man 
who merely does his duty. Let us express our regard for one 
another only in simple words and conduct indicating mutual 

It should be remembered that Hahnemann had previously 
written in Hufeland's journal essays explaining his opinions,, 
and asking tbe aid of the profession in his plan for perfecting 
the Materia Medica. Dudgeon says of this:* "Alas! for the 
boasted zeal and earnestness of the medical profession, Hahne- 
mann's appeal met with nothing but derision and contempt from, 
his colleagues. None, not one, saw the utility of putting him- 
self to inconvenience for the purpose of ascertaining the powers 
of the instruments he was hourly called upon to use in cases of 
life and death. One and all were perfecth' satisfied with the 
traditional system they and their ancestors had practiced." 

So, with his coterie of earnest students, Hahnemann quietly 
continued to experiment with medicines, and to note their 
effects upon each healthy person until a great book filled with 
the provings was the glorious result; a book whose teaching 
has since been the means of removing much suffering from 

*" Lectures on Homoeopathy." 1854. Page 179. 


The Story of the life of Hahnemann and his students in L,eip- 
sic has been told by one of them, Dr. Franz Hartmann.* 

These events happened in 1814, and when Hartmann was 
•eighteen years of age. 

Hartmann saj^s : " Hornburg was again my roommate; after 
three months' residence there he introduced me to the ac- 
quaintance of Hahnemann, and sought admission for me into 
■the narrow circle of the friends of this great man. Whoever 
has seen Hahnemann, has personally made his acquaintance 
-and has heard him speak, were it but once, with lofty en- 
thusiasm and transporting eloquence, of his important discovery 
in the domain of practical medicine, will surely think it by no 
means strange that a tyro in medicine should inwardly resolve 
to devote his whole life without reserve to him and his doctrine. 
I am confident that every one who knew Hahnemann at that 
time agrees with me, or surely does not blame my apparently 
extravagant praise of this venerable man endowed by nature 
with such a lofty intellect, if I set him by the side of the 
;greatest intellects in the profession in our time, and even de- 
clare him to be the greatest of them all, since no physician has 
commenced such a gigantic work, and one so likely to endure 
the test of time, nor brought it to such a pitch of perfection that 
it may not only be compared with former medical systems, but 
is in many respects quite superior to them. 

" This is readily admitted now, but even then, when I made 
Hahnemann's acquaintance, his fame was widespread, and he 
performed cures which bordered on the incredible, and which 
established his reputation more and more permanently. This 
was especially the case with those frequently recurring diseases 
from the undue use of medicines, the cure of which was the 
more easy to him, as he always made it a rule in his inquiry 
into the physiological effects of drugs to learn with accuracy 
the antidote of each one. 

' ' I might have degenerated into a mere partisan if I had fol- 
lowed Hahnemann's advice to study nothing but his system, 
which had a firm and substantial basis, while in the old system 
nothing was reliable — a suggestion which he made to all his 
pupils, and which in many respects has been the occasion of 

*Allgetneine Homoopathische Zeitung, vols, xxvi., xxxviii., xxxix.; 
Kleinert's " Geschichte der Hoinoopathie ;" Translations in Shipman's 
N. W. Jour. Hoiii , vol. iv., 3fed. Counsellor, vol. xi. 


great mischief, and has proved unfortunate to many of his ad- 
herents. I observed the surprise expressed by Hahnemann's 
countenance when I asked him in return whether it would an- 
swer well merely to be examined in Homoeopathy alone. The 
many evasions with which he used to avoid answering this 
question quite convinced me of the danger and impracticability of 
his advice, and the matter was never mentioned during the 
course of my studies with him; indeed he seemed purposely to 
avoid alluding to it in the presence of the other young men, 
many of whom were studying with him at the same time, as if 
he perceived how untenable was his position. 

"He took pleasure in conversing with me on the sciences, 
and was always most enthusiastic when on the subject of 
Materia Medica and therapeutics. I always took especial pains 
to add fuel to the fire, partly because his fiery zeal was enter- 
taining, and partly because I acquired thereby such a knowl- 
9dge of Homoeopathy, and for many practical observations upon 
Homoeopathy I am indebted to these explosions. 

"It was, moreover, particularly interesting to see Hahne- 
mann, a small, thick-set man, constrained in his gait and bear- 
ing, with a bald head and a high, beautifully formed forehead; 
as the blood at such times crowded up to his head the veins be- 
came turgid, the brow was flushed, his brilliant eyes sparkled, 
and he was obliged to take off" his little cap to admit the cool 
air to his heated head. It was usual!}'- onl}' scientific subjects, 
and among these his new doctrine especially which could excite 
him to such a degree as this, and could inspire him with the 
eloquence of an apostle. 

"It was an elevating sight for his pupils, thus to see the 
master in their midst; at such times everyone partook of his 
enthusiasm, and resolved that in spite of every persecution, of 
which we had already experienced enough, that he would pre- 
severe and aid in the great work, for which Hahnemann him- 
self offered the best opportunities, since he requested everyone 
who was free from disease to engage in the proving of drugs. 
Unlearned as we yet were in medicine, and still more unlearned 
in the proper method of proving drugs, there was nothing left 
for him but to teach us first, and to instruct us minutely in the 
course we were to pursue, in every respect; this he did in a 
few words, but in the clearest and most perceptible manner as. 
follows : 


"The human body, when it has attained a development 
nearly complete, is the least exposed to sickness from transient 
influence, or from the deprivation of its accustomed food, be- 
cause the powers of life existing in their integrity overpower 
any injurious effects from such causes before they can make 
any progress; hence, in case of young persons, a long prepara- 
tory course is not necessary before the proving of a drug; a 
resolute determination alone is requisite to avoid everything 
which may tend to disturb the process. 

" During such a proving he absolutely forbade coffee, tea, wine, 
brandy and all other heating drinks, as well as spices, such as 
pepper, ginger, also strongly salted foods and acids. He did 
not forbid the use of the light white and brown Leipsic beer. 

"He cautioned us against close and continued application to 
study or reading novels, as well as against many games which 
exercised not merely the imagination, but which required con- 
tinued thought, such as hazard, cards, chess, or billiards, by 
which observation was disturbed and rendered untrustworthy. 
He was far from considering idleness as necessary, but advised 
moderate labor only, agreeable conversation, with walking in 
the open air, temperance in eating and drinking, early rising,. 
for a bed he recommended a mattress with light covering." 


hartmann's story continued— methods op proving— Hahne- 

" The medicines which were to be proved he gave us himself; 
the vegetable in the form of essence or tincture — the others in, 
the first or second trituration. He never concealed from us the 
names of the drugs which were to be proved, and .his wish that 
we should in the future prepare all the remedies whose effects 
we had while students conscientiously tried, fully convinced us, 
that in this respect he had never deceived us. 

"Since he for the most part had previously proved the drugs, 
upon himself and his family, he was sufficiently acquainted with 
their strength and properties to prescribe for each prover accord- 
ing to his individuality, the number of drops or grains with^ 


which he might commence, without experiencing any injurious 
'effects. The dose to be taken was mixed with a great quantity 
of water, that it might come in contact with a greater surface 
■than would be possible with an undiluted drug; it was taken 
early in the morning, fasting, and nothing was eaten for an 
hour. If no effect was experienced in three or four hours, a 
few more drops were to be taken; the dose might even be 
doubled, and the reckoning of time was to begin from the last 
dose; the same was the case where the drug was to be taken for 
the third time. If, upon the third repetition, no change was 
remarked, Hahnemann concluded tliat the organism was not 
susceptible to this agent, and did not require the prover to make 
any further experiments with it, but after several days gave 
him another drug to prove. 

"In order to note down every symptom which presented 
itself, he required each one to carry a tablet and lead pencil 
with him, which had this advantage, that we could describe with 
precision the sensation (pain) which we experienced at the 
time, while this precision might be lost if these sensations were 
noted down at some subsequent period. Every symptom that 
presented itself must be given in its connection, even though 
the most heterogeneous symptoms were thus coupled together; 
but our directions were still more precise; after every symptom 
we must specify in brackets, the time of its occurrence, which 
time was reckoned from the last dose. It was only when one 
or two days had passed without the occurrence of any symptoms 
that Hahnemann supposed the action of the drug to be ex- 
hausted; he then allowed the system a time to rest before 
another proving was undertaken. 

"He never took the symptoms which we gave him for true 
-and faithful, but always reviewed them once with us, to be sure 
that we had used just the right expressions and signs, and had 
said neither too much nor too little. At first it often happened 
that there were errors enough, but these became fewer with 
■every proving, and finally there were none at all. Peculiar 
care is needful to apprehend symptoms which do not make 
themselves 50 very prominent, for these are frequently the most 
important, the most peculiar and the most characteristic, of 
much greater significance than those which occur with violence. 
The former are most frequently elicited by the smaller and more 
delicate doses, while the latter owe their origin to the larger. 


"I could get no S5''mptoms after the second or third dose if 
not from the first. If after the first dose symptoms presented 
themselves even faintly, I could rely on more characteristic 
symptoms appearing every hour. Our old Provers' Union con- 
sisted of Stapf, Gross, Hornburg, Franz, Wislicenus, Teuthorn, 
Herrmann, Ruckert, Langhammer, and myself (Hartmann)." 

These, the first pupils and adherents of Hahnemann, were 
bound very closely to the master. Hartmann gives a short 
sketch of the personality of each.* Franz, who had been cured 
by Hahnemann of a very serious disease, was older than the 
others, and was his assistant. He was a good botanist and 
collected plants for the master. When it was in Hahnemann's 
•collection then no time was lost in preparing it as fast as possible 
for medicinal use. Both then labored with diligence, " no one 
was ashamed to perform the humblest labor, the chemical 
laboratory was a sanctum from which we were as diflBcult to 
drive as a fox from his burrow." Franz also arranged the symp- 
toms of the provings, according to the schema of Hahnemann, 
■copying them many times. f 

Hartmann further says of this Provers' Union: "Their 
activity as drug provers began with Causticum and covered the 
entire period from the second to the sixth part of the Materia 
Medica Pura, without, however, ceasing with Stannum. But in 
■other ways, a few years later, were they active factors in the de- 
velopment of Homoeopathy, at first as medical practitioners suc- 
cessfulh" employed in every special field of labor; later as con- 
tributors to a literature which was now aiming to construct, then 
to combat opposition, and which finally sought to gain proselytes 
among professional men and among laymen." 

Hartmann continues : " Hahnemann was an honorable man, 
and the peculiarities for which he was blamed were probably 
due to the unpleasant situations of his lifed to the mistaking of 
his character, the unfounded and malicious calumnies and in- 
vectives, and his final withdrawal from all social intercourse. 

"His only faults were mistrust and avarice, but so modified 

*Biographical sketches of these men will be found in a future chapter. 

tShipman's Northwestern Journal of Honiceopathy, vol. 4. British 
Journal Homoeopathy, vol.32, page 453. "Leben und Wirken," 1875. All. 
Horn. Zeit., vols. 26, T)S, T)^. Kleinert's " Geschichte der Homoopathie," 
p. 88. Med. Counsellor, vol. 11, p. 238. 


that only a long intercourse with him enabled them to be dis- 

"In his domestic circle he displayed an amiabilit}^ that 
charmed every one, as I with others of his favorite students had 
frequent opportunities for observing. There sat the silver-haired 
old man, with his high, arched, thoughtful brow, his bright, 
piercing eyes, and calm, searching countenance, in the midst of 
us, as among his children, who likewise participated in those 
evening entertainments. Here he showed plainly that the 
serious exterior which he exhibited in every day life, belonged 
only to his deep and constant search after the mark which he 
had fixed for himself, but was in no respect the mirror of hi& 
interior, the bright side of which so readily unfolded itself on 
suitable occasions in its fairest light, and the mirthful humour,, 
the familiarity and openness, the wit that he displayed were 
alike engaging. 

"How comfortable the master felt in the circle of his beloved 
and his friends, among whom he numbered not only his pupils 
but also the learned of other faculties, who did homage to his 
learning; how beneficial was the recreation which he then 
allowed himself after eight o'clock in the evening seated in his- 
arm chair, with a glass of light L,eipsic white beer. It was 
highly interesting at such times to see him become cheerful, as 
he related the procedure of the older physicians at the bed of 
sickness, when with an animated countenance he shoved the 
little cap to and fro upon his head, and puffed out clouds of 
tobacco smoke, which enveloped him like a fog; when he spoke 
of his deeply affecting life and related circumstances of it, his 
pipe often went out, and one of his daughters was then instantly 
required to light it again. He appeared displeased when in these 
hours his advice was sought in cases of disease. He was then 
either laconic, or called out to the patient in a friendly way, 'to- 
morrow on this subject.' 

" His hours of audience were from 9 to 12 in the morning, and 
from 2 to 4 in the afternoon. No person was permitted to enter 
the hall who had not first passed the review, which function 
was performed every week alternately by one of his daughters, 

-'^British Journal Homeopathy, vol. 8, page 548. " Caspari's Domestic 
Physician," edited by Hartmann. T.eipsic, 1850. American edition. Phila- 
delphia, 1852. 


and for which she placed herself like a warder at a little window 
next the hall door. 

"His apartment was usuall}' filled with patients. He exam- 
ined accurately, and wrote down in his journal himself all the 
symptoms of which the patient complained, even those appar- 
ently insignificant, to which he successively referred previous to 
furnishing the medicine required, and which was obtained from 
another room. After the clock had struck 12 in the morning 
and 4 in the afternoon no visit from any quarter was received. 
At 12 to the minute he was called to dinner, after which his 
attention was not easily called to anything else. At one time, 
in the warmth of conversation having twice disregarded the call, 
at the third more earnest one from his wife, he smilingly 
observed, .' This time I shall get a gloomy look.' This expres- 
sion several times heard from him convinced me that this great 
man, who had so much influence over others, had to be placed 
under a guardian in his own house, which, however, he willingly 
endured, and granted to his wife this slight triumph, since she 
watched with the greatest attention and punctuality all his 
peculiarities, sought to gratify them, permitted him to want for 
nothing, and also undertook alone the bringing up of his chil- 
dren, so that they might not disturb him in his numerous engage- 

"After the expiration of the time allotted to giving advice in 
the afternoon, it was the daily custom of himself and family, in 
all weathers, to take an hour's ramble through the city, where 
he walked arm iu arm with his wife in the van, and several 
paces behind them came his three daughters, also arm in arm; 
sometimes a more extended jaunt to Schleuzig, little Kuchen- 
garden or Gohlis was undertaken. 

" He sometimes invited us to supper; the food was temptingly 
savory, and instead of the usual white beer a good wine was 
served. Hahnemann was on these occasions the happiest of 
men, and joined with the rest in the most mischievous mirth, 
without, however, violating the dignity of his station or in any 
respect making of himself a target for wit. 

"About II o'clock we took our leave of Hahnemann and 
banqueted long after on the recollection of those delightful 

It may be mentioned here that Hahnemann's residence in 


Leipsic was in the Burgstrasse, in a house known as the " Gold- 
enen Fahne." 

The year of 1813 was one of triumph to Hahnemann. The 
contagious typhus fever, the typhus of the camps, prevailed 
throughout the length of Germany. Hahnemann attended cases 
of this terrible disease with a success that silenced his critics, 
and proved the superiority of the new method and of the truth 
of his principle. This malady was introduced by the French in 
the retreat from Russia. Out of the great number treated by 
Hahnemann he lost but two — an old man, and another who died 
from neglect in his diet. 

In January, 1814, he published in \.\\s. Allgemeine Anzeiger an 
article on the ' ' Treatment of the Typhus or Hospital Fever at 
Present Prevailing." In this he gives an account of his suc- 
cesses with Bryonia and Rhus tox. 

In 1 8 16 we find Hahnemann contrary to his usual customs, 
engaged in a battle of polemics with one Professor Dzondi, of 
Halle, in regard to the right treatment of burns. Dr. Dzondi 
had, in the Anzeiger, recommended the use of cold water, and 
Hahnemann mentions radiated heat and other warm applications. 
He published two articles on the subject.* 



At this period of his busy life Hahnemann did not leave his 
house to visit patients. His time was entirely devoted to his 
lectures, his studies, and his consultations at home. He, how- 
ever, in fine weather took a daily promenade with his wife and 
children. Hartmann's narrative in the preceding chapter en- 
ables one to form a very distinct idea of his home life. 

He attracted to him others than medical men, many of whom 
were greatly impressed with the old philosopher, and, too, be- 
came his followers. 

*" Ivesser Writings," New York. 1852. 


The following interesting story was written by one of these, a 
young law student, the Baron von Brunnow:* 

Ernst George von Brunnow was born at Dresden, April 6, 
1796, and died there. May 5, 1845. He was of a noble Courland 
family. Ill health prevented him from devoting himself to 
philosophy and law, and he cultivated lighter literature. He 
became a convert to Hahnemann by whom he was greatly bene- 
fited in health. He translated the "Organon" into French; 
assisted in the lyatin translation of the "Materia Medica Pura,' 
and was also the author of several novels. 

He says: " It was 011 a clear spring day of the year 1816 that I, 
a j'oung, newly enrolled student of law, sauntered with some of my 
companions along the cheerful promenade of Leipsic. Among the 
teachers of the University were to be found at that time many 
notables, and not a few originals. Many a professor and master 
stalked gravely along in the old-fashioned dress of the former 
century, with peruque and bag, silk stockings, and buckles on 
his shoes, while the pampered sons of the landed gentry swag- 
gered about in hussar jackets and pantaloons ornamented with 
points, or in leather breeches, with high dragoon boots and 
clinking spurs. 

" 'Tell me," said I to an older student than myself, who was 
walking with me, ' who is that old gentleman with so extra- 
ordinarily intelligent a countenance, who walks respectfully arm 
in arm with his somewhat corpulent spouse, and is followed by 
two pairs of rosy girls?' 

"' That is the celebrated Doctor Hahnemann with his wife 
and daughters. He takes a walk regularly every afternoon 
round the town with his wife and daughters,' was the reply. 

" 'What,' rejoined I, 'is there about this Hahnemann that 
makes him celebrated ?' 

"' Why he is the discoverer of the Homoeopathic system of 
medicine, which is turning old medicine topsy turvy,' replied 
my acquaintance, who, like myself, was from Dresden and had 
also enlisted himself under the colors of Themis. 

*"Ein blick auf Hahuemaun und die Homoopathik, Leipzig: Teubner, 
1844." (A glance at Hahnemauu and Homoeopathy.') Trans, into English 
by Norton, in 1845, in London. See also London Horn. Times, Vol. I., p. 
688; Kirby's Am. Jour. Ham., Vol. V., p. 157; Shipman's N. W. Jour. 
Horn., Vol. I., p. 91 ; Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. III., p. 119. 


" My curiosity was excited and I wished to know something- 
more about him. My companion belonged to the enthusiastic 
admirers of Hahnemann who attended his lectures and gladly 
assisted in the proving of medicines. Everything he told me 
about this remarkable man excited my interest in the highest 
degree. From my childhood I had been delicate and a victim to 
physic, so that my confidence in medicine was very frail. 

"Besides other grievances, I suffered especially from my 
eyes, which I required at that time most especiall)^ Impelled 
by hope I read the 'Organon,' and was more and more taken 
with Homoeopathy at every line. 

" It was the first medical book I had had in my hand, so that 
it did not strike me at that time that doctrines which appeared 
so clear, supported by reasoning so consistent, might be yet too 
exclusive in their character and have their dark side. I was a 
zealous proselyte, and, like all neophytes, admitted no salvation 
beyond the pale of my own church I made the resolution of 
putting myself under Hahnemann's treatment. 

"Hahnemann at that time was in his sixty -second year. 
Locks of silver white clustered round his high and thoughtful 
brow, from under which his animated eyes shone with piercing 
brilliancy. His whole countenance had a quiet, searching, 
grand expression; only rarely did a gleam of fine humor play 
over the deep earnestness, which told of the many sorrows and 
conflicts endured. His carriage was upright, his step firm, his 
motions as lively as those of a man of thirty. When he went 
out his dress was of the simplest; a dark coat, with short small 
clothes and stockings. But in his room at home he preferred 
the old household, gaily-figured, dressing gown, the yellow 
stockings and the black velvet cap. 

"The long pipe was seldom out of his hand, and the smoking 
was the onl}' infraction he allowed himself to commit upon his 
severe rules of regimen. His drink was water, milk, or white 
beer; his food of the most frugal sort. The whole of his domestic 
economy was as simple as his food and dress. Instead of a 
writing desk he used nothing but a large plain deal table, upon 
which there constantly lay three or four enormous folios, in 
which he had written the history of the cases of his patients, 
and which he used diligently to turn up and write in while con- 
versing with them. For the examination of his patients was 


made with all the minuteness of which he has given an ex- 
ample in the ' Organon.' 

"A very peculiar mode of life prevailed in Hahnemann's 
laouse. The members of his family, the patients and students of 
the University, lived and moved only in one idea, and that was 
Homoeopathy; and for this each strove in his own way. The 
four grown-up daughters assisted their father in the prepara- 
tion of his medicines, and gladly took part in the provings; and, 
still more, this was done by obliging students, whose names will 
be found carefully recorded in connection with their individual 
observations in the 'Materia Medica Pura.' That these experi- 
ments were not at all injurious to those engaged in them I can 
testify from personal observation. 

"The patients enthusiastically celebrated the effects of Homoe- 
opathy, and devoted themselves as apostles to spread the fame of 
the new doctrine among unbelievers. All who adhered to 
Hahnemann were at that time the butt of ridicule or the objects 
of hatred. But so much the more did the Homoeopathists hold 
together, like members of a persecuted sect, and hung with 
more exalted reverence and love upon their honored head. 

"After the day had been spent in labor, Hahnemann was in 
the habit of recruiting himself from eight to ten o'clock by 
conversation with his circle of trusty friends. All his friends 
and scholars had then access to him, and were made welcome 
to partake of his L,eipsic white beer and join him in a pipe of 
tobacco. In the middle of the whispering circle the old ^scula- 
pius reclined in a comfortable arm chair, wrapped in the house- 
hold dress we have described, with a long Turkish pipe in his 
ihand, and narrated by turns amusing and serious stories of his 
storm-tossed life, while the smoke from his pipe diffused its 
clouds around him. 

"Next to the natural sciences the condition of foreign nations 
formed a most favorite subject for conversation. Hahnemann 
had a special fondness for the Chinese, and for this reason, that 
among them the children were educated in the strictest obedi- 
-ence and respect for their parents, duties which in the civilized 
countries of Europe were becoming more and more neglected. 
Indeed the family of Hahnemann presented a pattern of the old 
German system of training children. The children displayed 
not only obedience, but the most hearty love towards their 


"Although living in luxurious and elegant Leipsic, yet the 
daughters of Hahnemann took no part in any public amuse- 
ment; they were clad in the simplest fashion, and undertook 
most cheerfully the humblest household services. Hahnemann 
had but little satisfaction from his son, who led so foolish a life 
in the place where he was settled as to be obliged to leave it. 
His father never mentioned him. 

'From his pupils Hahnemann exacted not only intelligence 
and diligence, but the strictest propriety of life. I know of 
one case in which he peremptorily closed the door against a 
young and talented medical student whom he discovered to be 
living with a person of loose character. 

"With regard to religion, Hahnemann, who belonged to the 
Lutheran confession, held aloof from all dogmatic creeds. He 
was a pure Deist, but he was this with full conviction. 

" 'I cannot cease to praise and thank God when I contemplate 
his works,' he was accustomed to say. 

"Strict as was the obedience Hahnemann demanded from his 
children, as a husband he was far from having the rule in his 
own hands. His tall and stout wife, who, as Agnes Frei did to 
the noble painter, Albrecht Durer, gave him many a bitter hour, 
exercised the most baneful influence upon him. It was she whO' 
cut him off from society and set him against his medical col- 
leagues. It was she who often caused dissension between him- 
self and his most faithful pupils if they did not treat the 
doctor's wife with the deepest respect. Notwithstanding this, 
Hahnemann was accustomed to call this scolding Xantippe, who- 
took pleasure in raising a storm in the house, 'the noble com- 
panion of his professional life.' 

"During my latter years at Leipsic Hahnemann's prospects- 
were somewhat overclouded. His flourishing practice and 
numerous adherents had become too alarming to his adversaries 
not to prompt them to take such active measures for his suppres- 
sion as lay withi'n their power. The implement to effect this 
was, naturally enough, the laws against his dispensing his own 
medicines. The matter was brought before the courts of medical 
jurisprudence, and from them Hahnemann appealed, and the 
decision was delayed. 

"At this time one of the heroes of the German war of libera- 
tion, the Austrian Field Marshal, Prince Schwartzenberg, had 



become affected, besides other complaints, with an apoplectic 
palsy of the right side, and for this he had tried the skill of all 
the most eminent physicians in vain. Homoeopathy alone had 
not yet been tried, and to enable him to get all the advantages 
of the new system he came to L,eipsic, to place himself under 
Hahnemann's own eye. The first consequence of this honorable 
tribute to Hahnemann was the suspension of the process the 
apothecaries had commenced against him. Had Prince Schwartz- 
enberg recovered, then had Homoeopathy enjoyed an immediate 
triumph in Saxony, and even in all Germany ; but every art has 
its limits. Hahnemann undertook the case as a desperate one 
on which he could try the effects of Homoeopathy. To the 
astonishment of all, the patient felt himself better from day to- 
day; and he was seen driving about after a little time; but the 
powers of life had been too much weakened to permit of his 

"The former malady returned, and the Field Marshal died in 
the same town into which, in the same month of the year 18 13, 
he had entered as a conqueror. 

"Although the post-mortem proved that no medical skill 
could by any possibility have been successful in the case, yet the 
issue of it was very injurious to Hahnemann. The suspended 
process was immediately resumed, and it was decided that 
Hahnemann must give up dispensing his own medicines." 






Quite a good idea of the relations of Hahnemann with the 
Allopathic school may be obtained by the lollowing extract from 
a letter written January 24, 1814, to his friend. Dr. Brnst Stapf: 
" I wish I could avoid reference to Homoeopathy in all future 
anonymous writings so that we might get practitioners to make 


trials without their knowing all at once how the cures they thus 
make are effected. They would afterwards learn that to their 
confusion. For were they to know beforehand the rationale of 
the action of the remedies they would scorn to use them and 
refuse to make a trial of them, as was recently done by a certain 
Dr. Riedel, of Penig, now dead, poor man, who had much to do 
with the present epidemic of hospital fever, and sent many to 
their last home. 

"When some one suggested to him a trial of my method, he 
exclaimed: 'I would die sooner than take Hahnemann's medi- 
cines,' just as if I had other medicines than the rest of my fellow- 
worms. He caught the fever and died. I was sorry for the 
poor, misguided man. We should feel compassion for those poor 
creatures. 'Father, forgive them, for they know not what they 
■do.' "* 

At another time Hahnemann thus mentions the Allopathic 
system : ' ' The small amount of medical instruction which there is 
in the immense number of medical works consists in the cure, 
accidentally discovered, of two or three diseases produced by a 
miasm of a constant character, as autumnal, intermittent, marsh 
fever, venereal diseases, and cloth worker's itch. To this may 
be added the accidental discovery of preservation from small- 
pox by vaccination. Now these three or four cures are effected 
only in virtue of the principle similia similibus. Medicine has 
nothing more of a positive character to offer us; since the time of 
Hippocrates the cure of all other diseases has remained un- 

The year 1819 proved to be one of great persecution to the 
Master. On December 16, 181 9, the apothecaries of Leipsic 
presented to the city council a memorial in which they com- 
plained of their rights being encroached upon by Dr. Hahne- 
mann's dispensing his own medicines. They still reserved the 
right to proceed at any time in the future against his students 
who were also dispensing their own medicines. 

On the 9th of February, 1820, he appeared before the Court of 
Aldermen of Leipsic to answer the charge, and responded in an 

*Hom. World, Vol. XXIV., p. 208 ; Med. Counselor, Vol. VI., p. 139. 
-^K.irhy's American Journal 0/ Hoin., Vol. I., p. 8. 

hahnkmann's opinion of allopathy. 115 

•essay, entitled:* "Representation to a Person High in Author- 

It was a remonstrance addressed to the Chief Magistrate, and 
in it he argues the question at length. He says that the ob- 
jections of the apothecaries to his dispensing of medicines are 
not tenable; that his system of medicine has nothing in common 
with the ordinary medical art; that the old system "makes use 
of complex mixtures of medicines, each containing several in- 
gredients in considerable quantity," and which require much 
time to compound as well as a skill in the preparation that the 
physician does not always possess; that the right to dispense 
medicines was by law conceded to the apothecar)^ for these rea- 
sons; that wherever any royal decree occurred it referred to the 
preparation of "compound medicinal formulas;" that the exclu- 
sive right of the druggist "is only to make up the mixtures 
•ordered in prescriptions containing several medicinal ingredients, 
and is not in the least degree interfered with by the new method 
of treatment called Homoeopathy;" that Homoeopathy has no 
■compound prescriptions for the apothecary, but gives "in 
:all cases of illness one single, simple medicinal substance in an 
unmedicinal vehicle;" that it therefore does not compound nor 
■dispense, and "that its practice cannot be included in the pro- 
hibition to dispense contained in the laws regarding medicine." 
He then pleads in favor of the new system of practice; of the 
impossibility of the apothecary being of use; that if the Leipsic 
apothecary still persists in his demands it points to some secret 
tmotive at work to throw obstacles in the way of the develop- 
•ment of the new healing art. 

At closing he says: "Finally, so far as my pupils are con- 
•cerned, I am not in any way connected with them, and since 
they are of different calibre I do not represent them. I consider 
mo man my disciple who, next to an absolutely blameless and 
thoroughly moral life, does not so practice the new art that the 
Temed}^ which he administers to his patient in a non-medicinal 
vehicle (sugar of milk and diluted alcohol) contains so small a 
•dose of the medicinal substance that neither the senses nor 
chemical analysis demonstrates the smallest amount of an ab- 
solutely harmful medicine or even the smallest amount of a 

*" Lesser Writings." Kleinert's "Gescbichte der Homoopathie," Med. 
Coun., Vol. XI., p. 347. 


medicinal substance proper; this supposes a minuteness of doses 
of medicine which absolutely does away with the necessity of 
exercising anything like official supervision and care on the 
part of the authorities. 

" Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, 
"Member of several learned societies." 

'■'■ Leipsic, February i^, 1820.'^ 

The address was carefully and temperately arranged, but was 
of no avail. He was soon after publicly notified at his own 
dwelling "that he would be held to the penalty of twenty 
thalers for the dispensation of each and every article of medi- 
cine to any person whomsoever, lest he should give occasion to 
more severe measures. "* 

Nothing now seemed possible but that the old man again 
should be compelled to make for himself and his family another 
home. But just as he was looking about for .some future 
refuge from the persecutions of his enemies, a certain circum- 
stance happened that for a time stopped the opposition. Of this 
period Hartmann saysrf 

"In the year 1820 an event occurred of the greatest importance 
to Homoeopathy, the arrival of the Austrian Field Marshal von 
Schwartzenberg. who came to I,eipsic to be treated homoeo- 
pathically, under the very eyes of Hahnemann himself. Dr. 
Marenzeller, of Prague, a military surgeon, who had given some 
attention to Homoeopathy, was the cause of Schwartzenberg' s 

"Hahnemann had previously received a letter from the Mar- 
shal, asking him to visit Vienna, where he then resided, in 
order to treat him. To this Hahnemann replied that his many 
literary and scientific labors would not permit so long an ab- 
sence from lycipsic, and that if he wished to consult him he 
must visit T,eipsic. 

" It was a great triumph for Hahnemann to see this celebrated 
man place himself under the Homoeopathic treatment, but quite 
as great was the jealousy which our adversaries, especially the 
physicians of the old school, manifested in many ways against 
Hahnemann and his new doctrine. The constant watch, or 

*Hartmann's Life of Hahnemaun. 

tExperieuce and Observations of Homoeopathy. A^. IV. Jour. Horn., 
Vol., IV., p. 203. Also Allgem. Horn. Zeit., Vols. XXXVIIL, XXXIX. 


rather spying, of his patients, and, still more, of his students, 
was practiced after this with much more rigor, and the extreme 
malignity with which it was done excited the indignation even of 
those who were devoted to the old school. It was no scientific 
strife, but the furious cry of enraged fanaticism. A quiet spec- 
tator must have compared their senseless doings to the tarantula 

"All joined in an absolute war of extermination, and they 
were not ashamed to use the most reprehensible weapons. It 
was a time of the greatest depression and persecution of Homoe- 
opathy. It was easy to see that Hahnemann's doctrine would 
prove a thorn in the flesh to physicians of the old school, since 
it threatened grievously to compromise their pecuniary interests, 
for, although, as yet in its infancy, it had already shown itself 
superior to the old system in many incurable diseases. 

"This doctrine was not to be met with calumny, and some 
other method must be adopted for its overthrow. This was 
found in accusations against the Homceopathists for dispensing 
their own medicines, which was, in Hahnemann's opinion, an 
indispensable requisite of the new doctrine. 

' ' The medical treatment of Prince von Schwartzenberg put an 
•end to these quarrels, as the Saxon government, out of regard to 
the exalted patient, checked these unjust persecutions by an 
exercise of its sovereign authority. But to ensure the destruc- 
tion of Hahnemann, and since no time was to be lost, Hahne- 
mann's pupils living at Leipsic, the most of whom were, as yet, 
without the jus pradicandi, were watched with the greatest 
rigor, so that they might be attacked, should they attempt the 
treatment of the sick, with a double accusation — that of illegally 
practicing and of dispensing their own medicines, though all 
medical students were in the habit of treating patients. 

"Dr. Clarus, then Professor of Clinical Medicine, was very 
active in this opposition. It was by his instigation, also, that in 
the year 1821 the Homoeopathic medicines were taken from the 
residence of Hornburg and Franz, on the part of the Court of 
the University and the First Actuary, and by the aid of two 
beadles, and were burned in St. Paul's churchyard, a transaction 
which would have hardly found an excuse in the Dark Ages. 

"It was Dr. Clarus who, in 1821, at the head of thirteen 
Leipsic physicians, attacked Hahnemann in the \^€v^€\c Jozirnal, 


to show that the prevalent purple rash, known as rother hund, 
was nothing else than scarlet fever and should be so treated."* 

In a previous chapter may be found Hahnemann's refutation, 
published in 1806, of the report made by the physicians that. 
Belladon7ia was useless in the treatment of scarlet fever, in which 
he says that they confounded this disease with the purpura 
miliaris, for which Belladon7ia was useless. 

They had used Belladonria and then declared that it was of no 
value, when in fact they had used it not for scarlet fever, but for 
a different disease. In 1821, Hahnemann wrote a short account 
for the Allgem. Anzeiger der Deiitschen of the proper treatment, 
of the purpura miliaris. He says : "Almost all those, without 
exception, who are affected by the red miliary fever (falsely 
called scarlet fever) that is so often fatal, will not only be res- 
cued from death, but also be cured in a few days, by Aconite 
given alternately with 7 indure 0/ raza cOj^ee. * * * Besides 
this nothing' should be done or given to the patient — no venesec- 
tion, no leeches, no Calomel, no purgative, no cooling or diapho- 
retic medicine or herb-tea, no water compresses, no baths, no 
clysters, no gargles, no vesicatories, or sinapisms. 

"The patients should be kept in a moderately warm room 
and allowed to adapt their bed coverings to their own feelings, 
and to drink whatever they like, warm or cold, only nothing 
acid during the action of Aconite. 

"But even should these remedies be prepared and administered 
as directed, where is the practitioner who would refrain from 
giving something or another from his routine system, thus ren- 
dering the treatment nugatory ?"t 

In a note to Paragraph 38 of the fifth edition of the " Organon," 
he say: "The true scarlet fever of Sydenham has been very 
accurately described by Withering and Plenciz, and differs 
greatly from purpura, to which they often give the name of 
scarlet fever." 

Again in a note to Paragraph 73, he says: "Subsequent to 
the year 1801, a purple miliary fever came from the west of 
Europe, which physicians have confounded with scarlet fever, 
although the signs of these two affections are entirely different, 

*Allgemeine Horn. Zeitung, Vol. XXVI., Nos. 14, 15. (Aus Hahne- 
mann's Leben.) 

t" Lesser Writings," New York, p. 695. 


and Aconite is the curative and preservative remedy of the firsts 
and Belladonna of the second." 

Now Schwartzenberg, who thus became a patient of Hahne- 
mann, was a very distinguished general. During the war of 
1813 against Napoleon he had held a large command in the 
great army of the Russian, Austrian and Prussian allies. His- 
command was estimated to consist of 200,000 men. After the 
three days' battle of Leipsic he had entered the city as a con- 
queror and hero. He had followed with the grand army to 
France at the head of three hundred thousand men, and in 1814,. 
he was living in Paris as commander-in-chief of the allied 
armies. Such was the man, renowned all over Europe, who in, 
despair sought Hahnemann's medical aid.* 

Hartmann continues: "Prince Schwartzenberg lived on aa 
estate, known as Milchinsel, outside the city. When Hahne- 
mann visited him he always met the Prince's body physician, 
the Royal and Imperial Counsellor, Staff Surgeon, Dr. Von Sax, 
and the Royal and Imperial Regimental Surgeon, Dr. Maren- 
zeller. The disease at first assumed a very favorable character^ 
which had never been the case under any previous treatment. 
This was but temporary; his case soon assumed an acute form. 
From the first the case was an incurable one, however, and the 
patient died in an apoplectic attack on the 15th of October, 1820, 
after nearly six mouths' residence in Leipsic. Dr. Clarus con- 
ducted the post-mortem and published the result, with his private 
opinion of Homoeopathy, in Huf eland'' s Jotirnal, Vol. 51, part 4. 
Hahnemann was now derided on all sides. Yet he was so con- 
sciously proud of the knowledge that he had done his duty 
that, to show his respect for his patient, as well as to show how 
little he cared for the ridicule of the people, he accompanied the 
remains of the Prince to L,eipsic on foot."t 

Ameke says:;{: " Certainly the Field Marshal improved under 
Hahnemann's treatment; he was able to go out for regular- 
walks. Dr. Joseph Elder von Sax, and other Allopaths, declared 
that Hahnemann neglected to employ 'powerful measures,' and 
that he was responsible for hastening the Prince's death. Some 
time before the fatal termination of the illness Hahnemann 

* Peters' "Principles and Practice of Medicine," New York, 1859. p. 113- 
■\Allgein. Horn. Zeitung, Vol. XXVL, No. 14. (Auf Hahnemann's Leben.) 
j Ameke's "History of Homoeopathy," p. 186. 


visited the patient, accompanied by Dr. Marenzeller, who had 
been sent from Vienna, and found the Allopaths employed in 
making a venesection. After that he never visited the patient 
again, as Dr. Argenti relates. The report of the post-mortem 
was signed b}^ Clarus, Dr. von Sax, Dr. Samuel Hahnemann and 
Prosector Dr. Aug. Carl Bock." 



" After this death the persecutions were redoubled. Such of 
the pupils of Hahnemann as held no license to practice were 
especially exposed to the bigotry. Dr. Franz was treating a 
lady who was ill with the consumption, and she, wishing a 
change of physicians, called Dr. Clarus. He very violently as- 
sailed the treatment of Franz and proclaimed him responsible 
for her death, although the case was incurable. Dr. Franz 
placed the matter in the hands of a lawyer and retired from 
practice to his home at Plauen, where he was obliged to remain 
for six months. Although the charges were not substantiated, 
yet he was obliged to pay costs. 

"Dr. Hornburg, on account of being a pupil of Hahnemann, 
was twice rejected by the professors; was continually oppressed 
in his endeavors to practice; underwent a trial for unlicensed 
practice; was sentenced to two months' imprisonment; the grief 
of this caused him to fall into a decline and he died soon after 
of consumption." 

In 1 82 1 Hahnemann sent to the authorities of the State an- 
other appeal regarding the personal dispensing of medicines 
entitled: "The Homoeopathic Physician is prevented by no ex- 
isting Laws relating to Medicine from himself Administering 
his Medicines to his Patients."* Stapf first published this and 
* "Lesser Writings." New York. 


the preceding address, in 1829, in his collection of the "Lesser 
Writings of Hahnemann." 

In 1825, he published in the Allgemeine Anzeiger still another 
article on this subject: "How can Homoeopathy be most Cer- 
tainly Eradicated?" 

Hahnemann was now sixty-six years of age and had been 
practicing medicine for forty-two years; the report of his won- 
derful cures attracted many from other countries to Leipsic, and 
all he wished was to be allowed to dispense the simple medicines 
that he himself made and to teach his benign methods. It was 
all in vain. The apothecaries were against him, and he must 
leave the old-time home where he had been a student, where he 
had lived in later years, and where he had taught for ten busy 
years the principles of the law of Homoeopathy. 

The Homoeopathic practitioners, and even their medicines, were 
wonderfully obnoxious at this time to the Allopathic physicians 
and' the apothecaries. And, much as at the present day, it was 
necessary to protect the innocent, the guileless public from inno- 
vators and teachers of strange doctrines, and the task then, as 
now, fell on the benevolent shoulders of the dominant school. 

In 1 85 1, Dr. Worthington Hooker, in one of the periodical 
fulminations for the destruction of Homoeopathy that have ap- 
peared like locusts or cholera at certain dates, said, in relation tO' 
this opposition of the physicians and apothecaries to Hahne- 
mann's dispensing his own medicines:* "It is strange that no 
one of his adherents could be found willing and competent to. 
act as his apothecary." 

Dr. Peters in his sketch of Hahnemann mentions this and! 
says :t "Hooker very innocently asks why Hahnemann did not 
get one of his friends to act as his apothecary, not knowing that 
apothecaries in Germany are only allowed to follow their art 
by special license; that only a certain number of apothecaries^ 
are allowed to each town, district or population. A new one 
cannot get a license until the population increases to the re- 
quired mark; that it is quite as difficult to establish a new 
apothecary shop in Germany as it is to admit a new State intO' 
our Union." 

*" Homoeopathy." Dr. Worthington Hooker, New York, 1851, p.. 12, 
t" Principles of Medicine," p. 115. 


The following letter, written to Dr. Billig while Hahnemann 
was undecided what to do, well explains his wish for only some 
quiet place where he might be permitted to continue his 
researches in peace : 

"lyEiPSic, 5th February, 1821. 
"Most Worshipful Obr., Esteemed Friend : 

" By the public proceedings directed against me by the Saxon 
medical men, you will have learned (I am sure with grief) how 
bitterly my method of treatment and its author are persecuted in 
this country. This persecution has now reached its climax, and 
I should be doing an injury to the beneficent art, and imperiling 
my own life, were I to remain longer here and not seek protec- 
tion in some foreign country. 

"Some propositions of this sort have been made to me from 
Prussia, but I should much prefer to find the protection I desire 
for the few-remaining days I have to live (I am an old man of 
sixty-six) in the Altenburg country. In a country that is so 
mildly governed as Altenburg is, and where, moreover, I can 
still meet with true Masons, I think I may be most comfortably 
•settled, especially as four and twenty years ago I enjoyed great 
distinction as physician to the dear old Duke Ernst, in Gotha 
and Georgenthal. I do not wish to go to the town of Altenburg 
itself, to be in the way of you, dearest friend, and of your col- 

' ' I only wish to be able to settle in some country town or 
market village, where the post may facilitate my connection 
with distant parts, and where I may not be annoyed by the pre- 
tensions of any apothecary, because, as you know, the pure 
practice of this art can only employ such minute weapons, such 
'.small doses of medicine, that no apothecary could supply them 
profitably, and, owing to the mode in which he has learnt and 
always carried on his business, he could not help viewing the 
whole affair as something ludicrous, and, consequently, turning 
the public and the patients into ridicule. For these and other 
reasons it would be impossible to derive any assistance from an 
apothecary in the practice of Homoeopathy. 

" I take this opportunity, my honored friend, of praying for 
•such a reception in Jyour country, and under your amiable pro- 
tection, and I should do all in my power to prove to you my 


gratitude and esteem. I beg you to remember me most kindly 
to our worthy Obr. Hofrath Dr. Pierer. 

' ' You will oblige me greatly if you will be so good as to speak 
of this matter to the President of Government, Von Trutschler, to 
whom I have also applied. 

"In the meantime accept a triple kiss from my esteem and 
love, as from your true friend and Obr.* 

"Dr. S. Hahnemann." 

Dudgeon says: " The letters Obr. found in this letter and 
others written by Hahnemann probably refer to some title in free- 
masonry." From them, and the manner in which he writes, it 
is likely that Hahnemann was a Mason. 

Hartmann mentions his own treatment at this time. He had 
some time previously announced himself to the Dean of the 
Medical Faculty, Counsellor Rosenmuller, Professor of Anatomy, 
as a foreign candidate for a higher degree. The Dean died soon 
after, and he did not suppose a second announcement to the new 
Dean was necessary. 

He says: "I found myself engaged in a practice by no means 
unprofitable, and with youthful presumption and carelessness 
did not suppose that an obstacle could be laid in my way. But 
with all the caution which I exercised in my practice, the then 
second surgeon at St. Jacob's Hospital, Dr. Kohlrusch, dis- 
covered that I attended one of his patients, and lost no time in 
forwarding to the President of the Faculty a packet of my pow- 
ders, and accusing me before this Court so bitterly opposed to 
all HomcEopathists. I was summoned before Clarus, over- 
whelmed with reproaches and threatened with the severest pun- 
ishment if I dared to practice again before the Counsellor 
ordered my examination." 

Hartmann fearing to pass an examination before the preju- 
diced Leipsic Faculty, after some difficulty in other places, 
on account of the hostility of the physicians, finally passed suc- 
cessfully in Dresden. 

Hahnemann had now no longer a wish to remain in the un- 
grateful city of Leipsic; in fact, without the privilege of practic- 
ing he could not remain. In the meantime certain of his friends 
and patients, influential citizens, had addressed a petition to the 
King, and to the municipality of the city, for justice in behalf 
* Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xiv., p. 164. 


of the persecuted physician. While this petition was yet 
unanswered, in the spring of 182 1, his Highness, the Grand 
Duke Frederick, of Anhalt-Coethen, extended to Hahnemann 
an invitation to accept the post of private physician to himself, 
with free privileges of practice according to the feelings of his 
heart, within the limits of the Duchy. Hahnemann accepted 
with thankfulness this honorable and advantageous offer, and, 
without waiting to see the outcome of the petitions in his 
behalf, he went to Coethen. 

Dr. Schwenke says that the reason why Hahnemann fixed 
upon Coethen as his residence, after the persecutions of the 
jealous physicians and apothecaries had driven him from Leipsic, 
was as follows:* 

" The Ducal Chief Chamberlain, von Sternegk, it was to whom 
the credit must be awarded of having first directed the Duke's 
attention to Hahnemann. Von Sternegk had been cured by 
Homoeopathy of a complicated disease that had defied all 
resources of Allopathic treatment, and he persuaded the Duke, 
who was a great sufferer, to consult Hahnemann, and try the 
new method of treatment. This trial succeeded beyond expec- 
tation and prepossessed the Duke in favor of Homoeopathy, so 
that at von Sternegk' s suggestion Hahnemann requested from 
the Duke permission to settle in Coethen, which was readily 
granted him." 

In the circumstance in which Hahnemann was placed this 
permission, or invitation, of the Grand Duke Frederick was very 
opportune. He was at once appointed to a place of extreme 
honor as the Duke's physician in ordinary or private physician. 
He was given the privilege to practice according to the dictates 
of his own conscience ; everything that he considered necessary 
to his new "methods was granted to him. In a word, Coethen 
was offered to him and to his sj^stem as a free city, a favor never 
previously granted by any crowned head. With joy he accepted 
this permission, and left I^eipsic early in May, 1821, never to 
return there to live. Many of his old pupils accompanied him 
for a distance upon the road to Coethen. 

Hartmann saystf " I was not with them, having left Leipsic. 
Hahnemann took two of his pupils with him, Dr. Haynel and 

*Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxxvi., p. 379. 
■\N. W. Jour. Horn., Vol. iv., p. 210. 


Dr. Mossdorf. The latter afterwards became his son-in-law, but 
was subsequently separated from him; the cause I never learned. 
Haynel, on the contrary, led the life of a true nomad ; was at 
Berlin at the first invasion of the cholera; then in Merseberg; 
finall)' visited me in 1830, in I^eipsic, where he provided himself 
with a large stock of Homoeopathic medicines with the intention 
of going to North America." 

Dr. Hering says:* "Dr. A. J. Haynel died at Dresden, 
August 28, 1877, 92t. 81. He was an jnmate of Hahnemann's 
family for more than ten years, and proved a number of remedies 
for him. About the year 1835 he came to America, and resided 
first at Reading, Pa., then at Philadelphia. In 1845 he lived at 
New York, and still later in Baltimore, from whence he returned 
to Europe several years previous to his death." 

Dr. Gray says:t "At Baltimore, Dr. Haynel, an original 
pupil of Hahnemann, established the new method on a firm 
basis as early as 1838." 

About this time a contemporary wrote as follows : ' ' Dr. Sam- 
uel Hahnemann, the discoverer of the Homoeopathic system, is 
about to leave Leipsic and to take up his residence at Coethen. 
His Highness, the Duke of Anhalt-Coethen, having been pleased 
to permit Dr. Hahnemann not only to reside there, but also to 
prepare and dispense his medicines without the interference of 
apothecaries, the Board of Health at Coethen set a praiseworthy 
■example of impartiality and due regard to the progress of 

"They did not consider it right to dispute the claim of the 
experienced philosopher to shelter and protection, nor of the 
renowned chemist and professor of pharmacy to the right of pre- 
paring and dispensing his medicines; the more so, as for a 
period of twenty years all apothecaries consulted his ' Pharma- 
ceutical Dictionary.' 

"As the system of Homoeopathy is unavailing unless the 
medicines be prepared by the physician himself, many patients 
whose medical treatment has been interrupted by the expulsion 
of Hahnemann from Leipsic will now be enabled to gratify 
their feelings and follow their convictions, and the present 
liberal century is saved from the reproach of having suppressed 

*A''. V. Horn. Times, Vol. v., p. 216. 

tTrans. N. Y. State Horn. Med. Soc, 1863, p. 105. 


one of the most remarkable discoveries that ever blessed man- 
kind, of having consciously destroyed the soothing expectations 
of the suffering world."* 





Albrecht in his biography of Hahnemann has divided his life 
into five epochs: The Lehrjahre or years of apprenticeship, the 
school days, extending from 1755 to 1792; the Prufungsjahre or 
trial-years, the wander-years from 1792 to 1811 ; the Kampf- 
jahre or battle-years, the life of conflict in Leipsic from 1811 to 
1821 ; the Meisterjahre or master-years, the quiet life at Coethen 
from 1821 to 1835; the Glanzjahre des Alters or splendid years 
of old age, the brilliant life in Paris and the peaceful end. 

The story of the years of apprenticeship to knowledge, of the 
bitter days of wandering and adversity, has been told ; we have 
seen Hahnemann surrounded by his pupils in Leipsic, teaching 
his important doctrines to the world; proving medicines and pre- 
paring their painstaking record for the Materia Medica Pura ; 
we have seen jealousy and bigotry drive him forth from the 
great city. 

Now, after these battle-years necessary to the future existence 
of his system of healing, we follow him to the calm and restful 
time at Coethen, during which he was the master and his 
students came from many parts to sit at his feet and learn. 

The little town of Coethen in the principality of Anhalt was, 
in Hahnemann's time, the capital of one of those small but ab- 
solute kingdoms into which Germany was divided. It had its 
ruler, its own laws and customs, and the Grand Duke Ferdinand^ 
Hahnemann's protector, was supreme in his own territory. 
Hence for the persecuted old reformer it became a veritable 
haven of rest, within whose borders he and his tenets were un- 

*Fischer's translatiou of Biographisches Denkmal.p. 45. (Biographical 
Monument to the Memory of Samuel Hahnemann. C. Fischer, M. D., 
London, 1852.) 


Coethen is situated upon the little river Zittau and is twelve' 
miles southwest from Dessau, about ten miles from Halle, and 
but a short journey from lycipsic. At the time of which we 
write it contained about 6000 inhabitants. 

Dr. Peschier, of Geneva, who journeyed there upon a 
pilgrimage to Hahnemann in 1832, thus describes it:* "The 
route from Leipsic to Coethen is neither very interesting nor 
agreeable, though it is necessary for the driver to be familiar 
with it ; my friend the Baron von Brunnow, who had set out 
with his sister, lost his way in a cross road and there wandered 
more than three hours before he discovered the right way. 

"The little village of Coethen is not lacking in charms; it lies 
in a valley through which flows a little river, which gives 
freshness and beauty to the surrounding country. The streets 
are large and well laid out ; the chateau of the reigning Duke, 
beyond its splendor, offers nothing remarkable ; it is situated in 
a garden open to the public, where many varieties of rare 
flowers are cultivated with great care. 

" The dowager Duchess Julie lives in a pretty house in the 
midst of gardens, f with a lake in which there are swans, and 
surrounded by all the pleasures of the country. It is situated 
near the gates of the town from which it is separated by a prom- 
enade and a grove. I have said gates of the town because 
Coethen was formerl}^ a little fortress, and the same old walls, 
pierced with gates, still remain. 

"The late Duke, having embraced the Roman Catholic faith, 
built a chapel adjoining his palace in whicli to worship accord- 
ing to his creed ; in this there is a beautiful portal, with 

Rapou fils, also describes a visit made in the same year. He 
says: J "The railroad extending from L,eipsic to Berlin crosses 
the Duchy of Anhalt- Coethen and its little capital, noted for the 
generous hospitality with which it received the chief of the new 
school. It is four years since my father and myself journeyed 
thither in the basket-work carriages of the Prussian post, over a 
miserable road, broken and muddy, towards the modest home of 
Hahnemann, which is to day the principal point of convergence 

*Bibliotheque Homozopathique, Vol. i, p. 378. 

fHer husband, Duke Ferdinand, Hahnemann's patron, had died in 1831. 

J "Histoirede la doctrine Homceopathique." Paris. 1S47. Vol. ii, p. 287. 


of the main railroads of northern Germany. In this borough, 
peaceful and rural, where the silver tinkling of the clock in the 
Ducal chateau wafts itself in chimes to the cattle coming from 
the pasture, the ardent reformer had found that salutary calm 
that he had lost after his great discovery. 

' ' He lived there, entirely devoted to his art, afar from con- 
tradictions, and from the discussions that his doctrines had 
aroused throughout Germany. He was not, however, idle in 
his isolation. He carried on, with his partisans, a very extended 
correspondence, answered their objections, aroused the indiffer- 
ent, admonished his disciples, and punished with reprobation 
those who transgressed his precepts. " 

The house in which Hahnemann lived from 1821 to 1835, the 
time of his sojourn in Coethen, is situated in the Wallstrasse 
and is now used as a Hahnemann museum. It is of two stories 
and stands upon the corner of the street. Approaching it one 
sees a sloping roof like the two sides of a square; in the middle 
of each side of this roof a quaint little dormer window appears, 
for all the world like a gigantic eyelid half open. The pave- 
ment before the house is of large and square slabs of stone. 

Over the windows of the front of the house is a tablet on 
which is inscribed : "Here Samuel Hahnemann lived from 182 1 
to 1835." 

In the rear of this house, in Hahnemann's time, there was a 
long and paved garden shut in by a grated door; at the end 
was an arbor covered with vines. 

We now reach a very interesting period in the varied life of 
the venerable reformer. Previous to this he had never known 
freedom from persecution. 

His discoveries had been hailed with ridicule by men who 
were infinitely beneath him in education and ability. He had 
been by such men persecuted and forced to make his life one 
of wandering and poverty. 

He had patiently sought to induce his fellow-physicians to 
try the new system he had discovered. He had been such a 
prey to the pettiness of bigotry that his heart had become 
hardened. Here in this haven of quietness he was destined to 
pass many years, only leaving this to enter the last epoch of his 
long and tempest-tossed life in the luxurious, happy years at 


Hahnemann lived a quiet and studious life at Coethen. 
Freed from the incessant irritation of the persecutions of his 
enemies, with nothing to distract his mind, allowed perfect 
freedom of opinion and action, he now devoted himself to his im- 
portant studies. For some time he remained secluded from the 
world, seldom going out of his house except to visit the Grand 
Duke professionally. His other patients were obliged to go to 
him. He passed much of his time in the arbor in the garden 
at the back of the house. On every pleasant day he took a 
•drive in his carriage into the neighboring country. It is related 
of him that one day a disciple was visiting him in this garden, and 
■seeing its small and narrow space, in which at the time he took all 
his exercise, said: "How small this much talked of garden of 
yours is, Hofrath. " Hahnemann responded: "Yes, it is nar- 
row, but," pointing to the heavens, "of infinite height." 

Among the State documents preserved in the Archives of the 
Duchy of Anhalt is the following:* "i^cts relating to the per- 
mission graciousl}^ awarded to Dr. Hahnemann, of Leipsic, to 
settle in this capital, and as a Homoeopathic physician to dis- 
pense his own medicines. 

"We hereby announce to the Commissioners of the State Ad- 
ministration that we have graciously accorded to Dr. Hahne- 
mann, upon his humble request, permission to settle here as a 
practicing physician, and to prepare the remedies required for 
"his treatment, and hence the Sections 15, 17 and 18, of the Medi- 
cal Regulations of 1811, have no application to him. 

"In other respects Dr. Hahnemann is subject to all the rules 
and regulations of State and police, and to all the regulations 
■of our Medical Direction, and our Commissioners of the State 
Administration will arrange all that is necessary, especially in 
regard to the Medical Direction. 

" Coethen, April 12, 182 1. " 

Hahnemann was created Hofrath on May 13, 1822. The 
title Hofrath signifies Councillor to the Court. In a letter 
"to Dr. Croserio, dated at Coethen, February 6, 1835, he signs 
his name Samuel Hahnemann, counseiller aulique. This is a 
French rendering of the same title. The term Hofrath is an 

* British Journal of Homoeopathy, Vol. xxxvi., p. 260. IvUtze's "Todten- 
feier,"p. 139. 


honorary title given by princes to persons whom they wish tO' 
especially distinguish. 

On June i the following decree was promulgated: " Hofrath 
Dr. Hahnemann, having practiced the Homoeopathic method 
here for a year, and no case of death or accident from 
this method having come to my knowledge, I having, on the 
contrary, learned that many patients have been relieved and 
cured, I am confirmed that if Homoeopathy is not more ad- 
vantageous than Allopathy, it can at all events be considered as- 
on a par with the latter. I therefore consider it my duty as a 
ruler to maintain it for suffering humanity, especially for my 
subjects, and as none of the physicians of the Dukedom has yet 
adopted the Homoeopathic system, and owing to the great age 
of Hofrath Dr. Hahnemann, it is to be feared that his strength 
may not last very much longer, I have resolved to allow one of 
his most distinguished disciples, Dr. Theodore Mossdorf, a native 
of Dresden, to settle in this country as a practicing Homoeopathic 
physician, and to prepare and dispense the remedies required in 
his treatment. On condition that Dr. Mossdorf is willing to 
render all assistance to Hofrath Dr. Hahnemann, he will not only 
receive a patent of naturalization, but also be admitted as my: 

"Dr. Mossdorf will be exempt from the usual examination,, 
seeing that Homoeopathy is founded on quite different principles 
from Allopath3^ and hence it would be improper to subject a dis- 
ciple of Homoeopathy to an Allopathic examination, just as it 
would be improper to ascertain the suitability of a Protestant 
candidate by making him be examined by a Catholic bishop. 
In other respects it is of course understood that Dr. Mossdorf 
has to submit to all other State and police laws and regulations, 
and has to obey the orders of my Medical Directors, from which,, 
however, like all my subjects, he can appeal to me. The Com- 
missioner of the State administration has to do all that is re- 
quired for carrying my resolution into effect, and to make it 
known to all whom it may concern." 

Dr. Mossdorf afterwards married Hahnemann's youngest 
daughter Louise. He did not remain long at Coethen, as he 
and Hahnemann could not agree. He received from the Duke 
a yearly salary of sixty thalers for medical attendance on the 
Duke's servants. 


After Hahnemann liad been for six months quietly and happily 
living in Coethen, the petition to the Ivcipsic authorities 
in regard to the self dispensing of medicines was 
answered favorably. On November 30, 1821, a royal decree was 
promulgated, granting, to the Homoeopathic physician, under 
certain conditions, the right to dispense. This was a formal 
recognition of the new method, and although life, now rendered 
possible in Leipsic, offered many advantages, Hahnemann pre- 
ferred the exercise of the more perfect liberty in the practice of 
his art that had been so generously afforded him by the kind- 
hearted Duke at Coethen. 

The lycipsic patients of Hahnemann, of whom there were 
many, consulted him still at Coethen, sending often by express 
for medicines to that town. 

He soon became useful to his ducal protector, as is evidenced 
by the following letter dated March 9, 1824:* "Our most 
serene Duke, who was suffering from a severe nervous 
attack, is now out of danger, thanks to the successful exer- 
tions of Dr. Hahnemann, well known for his new method 
of curing. When the discoverer of Homoeopathy took 
shelter in a country whose sovereign generously supports every 
attempt for the improvement of science, he scarcely foresaw that 
he was destined to save the life of his illustrious patron. Nor 
did our most gracious Duke imagine that such would be the 
case when he extended his protection to a noble and oppressed 
cause for the purpose of delivering it to the impartial judgment 
of posterity. Feelings of mutual gratitude cemented their 

Duke Ferdinand and his wife, Julie, were always on the most 
cordial terms with their illustrious physician. The following 
letters written when he had been but two years at Coethen will 
illustrate this.f 

" Coethen^ Ja7iuary 2g, 1823. 
^^ My Dear Hofrath Hahneinann: 

"While expressing to you my thanks for your medical help 
this year, and for the past two years, and assuring you of my 
complete satisfaction, I wish you to accept the enclosed trifle as 

*Fischer's "Biographical Monument," p. 46. 

t "Leben und Wirken," p. III. Ameke's "History of Homoeopathy," 
P- 155- 


a slight recompense for your medicines and for your services. 
May heaven preserve you in good health for many years to 
the benefit of suffering humanity. 

"Ferdinand, Duke. 

" My best thanks, my dear Hofrath, for your kind wishes for 
my birthday. I owe to your exertions one of the pleasantest 
gifts on entering on a new year, improved health. I hope to 
preserve this to your praise and credit. 

" With sincere pleasure, 

"Yours very affectionately, 

"Julie, Duchess of Anhalt. " 

This kindness on the part of his princely patrons was con- 
tinued during Hahnemann's whole sojourn at Coethen. 

Four years after Hahnemann had removed to Coethen he wrote 
the following letter to his friend. Dr. Stapf. It throws some light 
upon his feelings during his persecutions in Leipsic, and his 
reasons for settling in Coethen. 

"Coethen, July i6, 1825. 
* ' Highly Esteemed Doctor: 

" To many of my disciples it must have seemed very suspicious 
when, four years ago, after receiving a similar summons from 
Dresden, I suddenly left the city and State and emigrated with 
all my family to this little principality at great expense and 
loss; but I knew well the inflexibility of the judges at whose 
ears stood my medical enemies. Remonstrances would avail 
naught, whatever the family doctor desires would take the form 
of a legal decision. 

"But where is the prohibition of dispensing one's own reme- 
dies that applies to Homoeopathy? To the apothecary is, by 
law, accorded the right that no one but himself shall dispense 
any medicament. But in no law relating to medical affairs is a 
simple remedy understood by the words medicament and medi- 
cine, but always and without exception a mixture of medicines 
to be compounded by the apothecary from a prescription, and 
prescriptions, in all the laws relating to medical affairs, always 
imply the mingling of several drugs in a mixture. 

"Therefore the candidate for a degree must show in his ex- 
amination that he has attended lectures on the art of prescribing 
and produce the certificates of the professor, or else he will not 
get the doctor's degree; for as Senner, in the preface to his 'Art 


of Prescribing,' expressly declares: 'A simple remedy ordered to 
be taken is not a prescription, that must contain several ingredi- 
ents.' These mixtures and these prescriptions no one except the 
apothecary is permitted to make up, his privilege is only in re- 
spect to these. What medicinal authority can deny this ? Who 
can hold a contrary opinion ? 

" A simple substance in a vehicle is not a medicine in the sense 
of the law relating to medical affairs, otherwise the apothecary 
would be practicing medicine on his own account when he, with- 
out let or hindrance, sells to every customer anise, sugar, pepper- 
Inint drops and the like. He is not allowed to give, on his own 
account, medicines, medicaments, mixtures of drugs. 

" Hence it follows that the apothecary's privilege refers only 
to the making up of the mixtures of drugs, but not to the giving 
of the simple substances of the Homoeopath in a vehicle. If 
you can make any use of these remarks without mentioning my 
name, it will afford pleasure to 

" Yours truly, 

"Sam. Hahnemann."* 

And again in another letter to Stapf, written October 17 of the 
same year, he saystf "The honest opinion expressed by the 
eminent lawyer Von Konen on my essay gave me pleasure. 
There was a point I did not allude to (and so he could not 
know the truth of the matter), and that was why it was ab- 
solutely necessary that Homoeopaths should dispense their 
medicines. It is, however, connected with the circumstance 
that the Apothecaries' Guild has recently represented to the 
authorities that through their institution the safety of the public 
is best provided for, because thus only can a real control be 

"Naturally the authorities desire above all things to secure 
such safety, and it redounds to their honor that they put this 
object before any other consideration. But control does not 
affect the apothecary in the least. The dishonest apothecary 
will take good care that at the annual or semi-annual inspection 
he will show the medical inspector fresh samples of the most ex- 
pensive current articles, or small quantities of these things. But 
nobody sees what he has put in, or allowed to be put in, the Al- 

*Hom. IVorld, Vol. xxiv, p. 247. 
■\Hoin. World, Vol. xxiv, p. 306. 


lopathic mixtures of drugs, and the cleverest doctor cannot tell 
what is or is not in the made up compound powders, electuaries, 
mixtures, etc. Still less can a Homoeopathic physician allow an 
apothecary to put a minute globule impregnated with an ex- 
tremely diluted medicine into a powder of milk sugar. 

"In his (the physician's) absence he cannot know for certain 
whether the apothecary has or has not done it, or if he has put 
in a globule moistened with some other medicine. 

"He can never know this, or by subsequent examination of 
the powder convince himself on the subject, for the small 
globule cannot be found in the milk sugar powder, or if found, 
it is impossible to tell if it contains the medicine prescribed. 
Nay, more; if the physician has put it in himself, and has for- 
gotten what it is, and has made no note of what medicine he 
put in, he cannot afterwards find out what is in it by examination 
of the powder. 

"He must make up the powder himself, and make a note of 
it in writing. He cannot, without being quite uncertain about 
his treatment, allow it to be prepared by another. I request 
you to communicate this to Mr. Von Konen with my respectful 
compliments, as it is the simple truth. The quintillionth or 
decillionth of a grain of any medicine can never be pronounced 
dangerous by the apothecary, or be considered dangerous to life 
by the authorities. 

"The Homoeopathic physician's peculiar advantage consists 
in this, that he gives the right medicine in the smallest possible 
dose. No control is required here. In Allopathic practice the 
apothecary's intervention is almost indispensable, for how can 
the practitioner give the time required to make the mixture 
himself or see that the apothecary makes it?" 

This law, by means of which Hahnemann was prevented from 
dispensing his medicines, and which was the cause of his leav- 
ing Leipsic, was an obsolete statute raked up for the purpose of 
suppressing Homoeopathy. To, for a moment, suppose that 
Hahnemann was not the superior of the apothecaries and the 
doctors in the matter of preparing or dispensing medicines is to 
forget that for twenty years his Apothecary-Lexicon had been a 
standard work upon that very subject, in the hands of the same 
apothecaries. It was jealousy, nothing else, that banished 
Hahnemann from Leipsic. 




Hahnemann now devoted himself to literary work, especially 
to the elaboration of that great monument to his genius, " The 
'Chronic Diseases. " With the exception of a number of pamph- 
lets and short articles, this is the only original work that he 
published after this time. While living in Coethen he published 
the 3d, 4th and 5th editions of the ' ' Organon ' ' and the 2d and 
3d editions of the '' Materia Medica Pura. " 

As has been mentioned, the first edition of the "Organon" 
was published in 1810, while Hahnemann was living at Torgau. 
It is not as large as the later editions, nor does it contain as 
-many notes. 

Hahnemann first mentions the word Homoeopathy in the 
"Organon;" it is composed of two words from the Greek — 
omoios, similar, and pathos, disease. He also used the word 
Allopath to designate the members of the dominant school of 

The growth of the doctrines of Homoeopathy can very plainly 
be traced in the mind of its discoverer in the different editions. 
In them all the arguments are consistent and any anomalies 
are easily explainable. The third edition was issued in 1824; 
the fourth in 1829; the fifth in 1833, all by Arnold of Dresden. 

In 1824 Baron von Brunnow translated it into French. His 
edition was published in Dresden. Of it Hahnemann says in the 
preface to the third edition:* " A great help to the spread of 
the good cause in foreign lands is won by the good French 
translation of the last edition, recently brought out at great 
sacrifice by that genuine philanthropist, my learned friend 
Baron von Brunnow. " 

But five editions of the " Organon " were issued during the 
lifetime of the master. He left the notes for a sixth edition 
at his death, which as yet has never been published. 

*Dudgeon's translation of the "Organon, " 1893. 


Dr. Arthur lyUtze, in 1865, issued an unauthorized edition 
that was repudiated by the profession. An account of this and 
of the unpublished " Organon" is given in the chapter devoted 
to Madame Hahnemann. 

In the Allgemeine Anzeiger der Deutschm, 1819, Hahnemann 
published a short article on "Uncharitableness Towards 
Suicides." He mentions the epidemic prevalence of suicide, 
maintains that it is a form of insanity and says:* "This most 
unnatural of all human purposes, this disorder of the mind that 
renders them weary of life, might always be with certainty 
cured if the medicinal powers of pure ^t?/^ for the cure of this 
sad condition were known. The smallest dose of pulverized 
gold attenuated to the billionth degree, or the smallest part 
of a drop of an equally diluted solution of pure gold, which may 
be mixed in his drink without his knowledge, immediately and 
permanently removes this fearful state of the (body and) mind, 
and the unfortunate being is saved." 

The Homoeopathic practitioner knows that this advice is as. 
true at the present day as when Hahnemann gave it. 

In 1 82 1 Dr. Ernst Stapf established at Leipsic a journal de- 
voted to the spread of Homoeopathy, which was issued three 
times a year. It was called ''Archiv fur die ho7noopaihische 
Heilkunsf* (Archives for Homoeopathic Healing). This was 
the first magazine ever published in the interests of Homoeo- 
pathy. And now the followers of the Master had an organ in 
which to present their truths to the world. On the reverse of 
the title of each number, and facing the index, is the following 
quotation from Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet," act i, 
scene 2: 

"Tut, mau, oue fire burns out another's burning; 

One pain is lessened by another's anguish; 
Turn giddy and be help by backward turning; 

One desperate grief cures with another's languish. 
Take thou some new infection to the eye, 

And the rank poison of the old will die. " 

The initial number of this journal was issued in September, 
1821. The first article was from the pen of Moritz MuUer on 
"The Critical Examination of Homoeopathy." Stapf published 
an essay upon Homoeopathy, some cases, some aphorisms, a re- 

t "Lesser Writings," New York, p. 695. 


view of the sixth volume of the "Materia Medica Pura," and, in 
connection with Gross, certain provings of Platina. 

At this time, besides the immediate pupils — the members of 
the first Provers' Union — there were a number of recent converts 
to Homoeopathy who were in independent practice of that 

Among them Gross was at Juterbogk; Moritz MuUer and Carl 
Haubold were settled in Leipsic, as well as the veterinary 
■surgeon Wilhelm Lux, who was to astonish the world with the 
remarkable nature of Isopathy. 

Drs. C. F. Trinks and Paul Wolf were at Dresden. As early 
as 1 8 19 Dr. Gossner had practiced Homoeopathy in Oberholla- 
brun in Lower Austria and Dr. Mussek in Seefeld, a neighbor- 
ing town. In Prague Dr. Marenzeller, military staff surgeon 
and attending physician to his Imperial Highness, the Archduke 
John, was becoming interested in the new system. 

In Vienna, Veith was testing its virtues. Dr. Adam, who 
had met Hahnemann, was introducing it into Russia. In 1821 
the Austrian Baron, Francis Koller, had carried the "Organon" 
to Naples, where a translation had been made under the aus- 
pices of the Royal Academy, and where, in 1822, Dr. George 
Necker, a pupil of Hahnemann, also settled and soon opened a 
•dispensary for the poor. 

In the meantime, in Coethen, Hahnemann was taking walks 
in his little garden, long drives into the surrounding country, 
writing letters to his many friends and followers, pondering 
over his new doctrines, and preparing for the press the second 
edition of the "Materia Medica Pura." 

It does not seem that Hahnemann took any particular pains 
to assist his pupils before he left Leipsic or after he settled at 
'Coethen. Kleinert says: * "That Homceopathy assumed de- 
fined shape and developed strength to live and to overcome ob- 
stacles is much more the result of their (the students and dis- 
ciples) labors than that of Hahnemann. There is no doubt at 
all that at the beginning of the second decade of this century 
the tenacity of Hahnemann was commencing to yield to ad- 
vancing years and that he had long ceased to enjoy the thickest 
of the battle. With his then strong inclination to dictate, and 

* "Geschichte der Homoopathie," p. 107. Med. Counsellor, vol. xi, 
p. 270. 


his more or less unwise tendency to isolate himself, there 
would have resulted a standstill or a retrograde movement 
which would have lasted for at least one generation if the tact, 
zeal and ability of these men had not made themselves felt 

"In spite of every species of adversity, not unfrequently pro- 
ceeding from the master himself, they stood like beacon-lights of 
fidelity, and, when it became necessary, distinguished between 
the precious doctrine and its prophet, between the jewel itself 
and the setting. 

"It is impossible to find a single statement in print, or an 
authenticated verbal statement, to show that Hahnemann, who was. 
now blessed with a most profitable practice, ever spent upon his 
followers more than the spirit of his doctrine, although he well 
knew their great perplexities and fully understood their 
academic afflictions increased in proportion to their faithfulness 
to him. He left to their own fate two of his favorite disciples 
when they were on trial for illegally practicing, although in 
this case neither his position, living nor fortune, but only hi& 
honor, was involved. He well knew the schemes, plans, and 
doings of his opponents. We find his defense prepared by 
his pupils, in most cases they weie not even indorsed or 
seconded by him, but, on the contrary, were received with con- 
tempt, suspicions and ridicule; he never took a hand in them!" 

It would seem that Kleinert, and also Hartmann, thought 
that Hahnemann should have acted in a much different manner 
towards them. That his one aim was first and always the ad- 
vancement of Homceopath}^ no one who will carefully read his 
writings can deny. And that by allowing his followers to fight 
their battles for themselves he made them more bold, attracted 
the attention of the world more fully to the new system, and 
caused it to more quickly spread, is now seen to be true. 

And, too, he naturally thought that his pupils were the proper 
persons to continue the fight that he had maintained singly 
for so many years. 

Hahnemann took a great interest in the Arc/iiv der Heilkinist 

from the first. In a letter to Stapf, written in 1826, he says:* 

" I still continue to read works on other scientific subjects, but 

nothing medical except your Archiv. I have not read even 

*Hom. World, vol. xxiv, p. 361. 


Huf eland' s Jou7'7ial for years, and, in my present isolation and 
severance from well-informed physicians, I do not know where 
to get the loan of the number of Huf eland s Journal you refer me 
to. I am delighted to receive the important information that 
the leader of all writers of complicated prescriptions, and of the 
most material pathology of the ordinary stamp, has again be- 
stowed a friendly glance on his antipode, who has in his writ- 
ings indicated him as the champion of antiquated medical non- 
sense, and mentioned him alone by name (in the "Sources of the 
ordinary Materia Medica" at the beginning of the third volume 
of the "Materia Medica Pura"). 

" You would confer a favor on me if, when opportunity offers, 
you would make a short extract from his favorable judgment. 

"I am pleased with Gross's refutation of the Anti-Organon. 
Gross, in my opinion, is growing more valiant. My only re- 
gret is that he has spent so much time and thought over that 
piece of sophistry. 

"Believe me, all this senseless fighting against the manifest 
truth only exhausts the poor creatures, and does not stay its 
progress, and we would do well to allow such trashy, spiteful 
lucubrations to pass unnoticed; they will without aid sink into 
the abyss of oblivion and into their merited nothingness. 

"I fear more the empirical contaminations of that society of 
half- Homoeopaths about which you write, which they had suffi- 
cient prudence not to invite me to join, but of whose doings I 
have been pretty correctly informed by oral communi- 
cations. I fear that inaccuracy and rashness will pre- 
side over their deliberations, and I would earnestly 
beg of you to do what you can to check and re- 
strain them. For should our art once lose its attribute 
of the most conscientious exactness, which must happen if the 
dii minorum gentium seek to push themselves into notoriety by 
their so-called observations, then I tremble for the, raising of our 
art out of the dust; then we shall lose all certainty, which is of 
great importance to us. 

"Therefore, I beg you will keep out of your Archiv 2X\ super- 
ficial observations of pretended successful treatment. Admit 
only truthful, accurate, careful records of cases from the practice 
of accredited Homoeopaths; these must be models of good 
Homoeopathic art. In spite of all precautions, some of these 


recorded cases of chronic maladies will incur suspicion that they 
may not be permanent, when the eyes of medical men shall be 
opened on the subject of the cure of chronic diseases by my 
book, which, after ten years' labor, is not yet ready, but is 
gradually approaching completion. 

' ' Yours very truly, 

"Sam. Hahnemann. 
^^Coethen, March ij, 1826 ^ 

And again:* "I thank you for the third number of the eighth 
volume of your y^r^/zzV. It has pleased me very much, and I 
can find nothing censurable in it. We must endeavor to main- 
tain its old value, so that it shall remain unsurpassed in the es- 
timation of the medical public. Gross, Rummel, and also 
Aegidi and Hartmann have acquitted themselves well. I will 
soon make a search to see if I have any presentable provings of 

In 1825 Hahnemann published in the Allgemeine Anzeiger 
an answer to an article that had been published in the same 
journal, entitled: " Information for the Truth Seeker in No. 
165 of the Allgemeine Anzeiger der Deutschen. " This essay was 
published in 1827 as an introduction to Volume VI. of the second 
edition of the "Materia Medica Pura" under the title: f " How 
can Small Doses of such very Attenuated Medicines as Homoe- 
opathy Employs still possess Great Power?" 

In a preface to the fourth volume of the second edition of the 
" Materia Medica Pura, " 1825, was published an article: " Eine 
Erinnerung, " to which Dudgeon gives the title: "Contrast 
of the Old and New Systems of Medicine." In this Hahne- 
mann speaks of the fallacy of prescribing according to a noso- 
logical and capricious name for disease, and the ease of pre- 
scribing from a prescription pocket-book. He says: "But 
how did the prescriptions for these names of diseases originate ? 
Were they communicated by some divine revelation? My dear 
sir, they are either formulas prescribed by some celebrated 
practitioner for some case or other of disease to which he has 
arbitrarily given this nosological name, which formulas consist 
of a variety of ingredients known to him no doubt by name, 
that came into his head and were put by him into an elegant 

*Hotn. World, vol. xxv, p. 113. 
t "Lesser Writings," New York. 



form b}" the aid of that important art which is called the ar^ of 
presa-ibing, whereby the requirements of chemical skill and 
pharmaceutical observance were attended to, if not the welfare 
of the patient; one or several receipts of this kind for the given 
case, under the use of which the patient at least did not die, 
but, thanks to heaven and his good constitution! — gradually re- 

"After three and twenty centuries of such criminal mode of 
procedure, now that the whole human race seems to be awaking 
in order powerfully to vindicate its rights, shall not the day be- 
gin to dawn for the deliverance of suffering humanity which has 
hitherto been racked with diseases, and in addition tortured 
with medicines administered without rhyme or reason, and 
without limit as to number and quantity, for phantoms of dis- 
eases, in conformity with the wildest notions of physicians 
proud of the antiquity of their sect ? 

- "Shall the pernicious jugglery of routine treatment still con- 
tinue to exist ? 

"Shall the entreaty of the patient to listen to the account of 
his sufferings, vainly resound through the air unheard by his 
brethren of mankind, without exciting the helpful attention of 
the human heart?" 

Hahnemann then shows the simpler, more certain method of 
healing in accordance with the Homoeopathic system, and in 
conclusion says: "Do old antiquated untruths become anything 
better — do they become truths — by reason of their hoary an- 
tiquity ? Is not truth eternal, though itmay have been discovered 
only an hour ago? Does the novelty of its discovery render it 
an untruth ? Was there ever a discovery or a truth that was not 
at first novel?" 

In the same volume (IV, second edition) is an article called 
"The Medical Observer." It shows the importance of the most 
careful observations of the patient on the part of the physician, 
with the proper means to be adopted to become a careful ob- 
server of disease. * 

* "Lesser Writings," New York. 






Hahnemann was not a man of one idea; he was more or less 
conversant with many branches of knowledge, and was con- 
sulted upon many subjects besides that of medicine. He took 
a great interest in astronomy, and with his friend, the Court 
Chancellor Schwabe, who had an observatory on his own 
premises, Hahnemann was accustomed to hold long conversa- 
tions. In his library among its other treasures was a large 
collection of maps, and he was well versed in geographical 
studies, of which he was very fond. He also was a naturalist; 
he was a student of ancient history. In addition to these pur- 
suits, and to his large practice, he maintained a very extensive 
correspondence with his disciples and friends. And, too, there 
was seldom a day passed when he did not entertain and instruct 
some disciple who had journeyed from a distance to learn from 
the Master. At this time many who were weary of the old ways 
of medicine, went to this prophet of a new dispensation to be 

Let us from his own letters form some idea of the multiple 
pleasures and pursuits of this old man, then over seventy years 
of age. 

Writing to his Fidus Achates, Stapf, in 1826, he says:* " The 
German translation from the Chinese of the writings of Con- 
fucius, by Schott, has given me great pleasure. I have en- 
deavored in vain to procure the French translation by Deguignes. 
Now the first part of it has been published by Renger in Halle, 
and I will soon get it. There we read Divine wisdom without 
miracle-fables and without superstition. It is a remarkable sign 
of the times that Confucius can now be read by us. I myself 
will soon embrace, in the domain of blessed spirits, that bene- 
factor of mankind who led us b}' the straight path to wisdom 
and to God .six centuries and a half before the arch -visionary." 

*Hom. World, Vol. xxiv, p. 363. 


Again, to Dr. Stapf in 1827 he says:* "The work on ento- 
imology you kindly sent me is a beautiful book, and I think it 
would be difficult to give a better explanation of the mysterious, 
ilight-like progression of spiders horizontally and upwards in the 
air. If this single branch of natural history (entomology) does 
not show an infallible revelation of God's wisdom, power, and 
goodness, in short, everything that should induce a well-dis- 
posed man to do His will as conscience dictates; if true religion 
is not to be learned from it, then I am spiritually blind. 

"Now about Wild's book. I beg him to inquire about the 
price, in order that I may settle the business with all speed. It 
is without doubt a hitherto unknown fragment of the illustrious 
Reimarus. Nothing of it is known to us except the middle part 
■describing the passage of Moses through the Red Sea. The Old 
Testament is justly estimated there. 

" What has become of the Fragments which we are told were 
to have been published in 181 7? I beg Mr. Wild to get them 
for me, even though I have to pay a good price for them. 

"O God ! that truthfulness and impartiality should be so 
seldom met with, and that they should have to hide themselves 
in the presence of the thoughtless swarm of worldlings who dis- 
play their animal character to their last breath, and yet try to 
■sneak into everlasting happiness by a wrong road. 

"Try and obtain for me, through Wild, all the Fragments, 
whatever they may cost." 

Again, in September, 1827 :f "The books on entomology are 
•excellent. I thank you for sending them to me. But they do 
not solve the riddle respecting the spiders. To j udge from my 
own experiments they appear to possess a power still unknown 
to us to project themselves forward in the air — not on shot-out 
threads ! In my experiments I made this impossible, and I saw 
one. suspended by its thread from my finger, first hover in the 
air in a horizontal position, then dart obliquely upwards, where 
it disappeared from my sight." 

The study of his old favorite, chemistry, was also continued. | 
In a letter to Stapf, of February 20, 1829, he says: "The 
enclosed paper is not suited for the Archiv or for any other 

*Hom. World, Vol. xxiv, p. 365. 
'\Hom.. World, Vol. xxiv., p. 492. 
XHom. World, Vol. xxiv., p. 503. 


medical periodical, as it is merely chemical. Moreover, it is not 
only anonymous (no one is to know that it is written by me ; on 
account of the prejudice that the doctors and, along with them, 
the chemists, have for me and my doctrine, the chemical jour- 
nalist would throw it aside), but it is also a chemical heresy. 1 
beg therefore that you would get this little essay copied at my 
expense, so that it may not be lost, supposing the chemical 
journalist should be so uncivil as to refuse to let it appear in 
his periodical, and should fail to send it back to me, but drop it 
into his waste basket or burn it for its heretical doctrines." 

The essay was probably upon the chemical properties or prepa- 
ration oi Causticum, called in the "Fragmenta" Acris tindtira. 

The disposal of this paper on chemistrj^ gave Hahnemann 
considerable trouble. In another letter dated July 14, 1829, he 
says, presumably of this same paper :'^ "Von Bock has just 
undertaken to travel to Halle in order to have it out with the 
professor of chemistry. This person has made no concealment 
of his resolution not to accept my article, as its views are 
opposed to the traditional teaching. That is just what I feared ! 
What annoyance, what opposition to improvements must we not 
expect from the orthodox blockheads ! But Von Bock pressed 
him so hard that he became ashamed of himself, and has given 
his word to get it printed at once ; and he promised to send Von 
Bock a copy. If only he will keep his word, which time will 
soon show. I cannot publish the fourth part of my book, which 
contains Caiistiaim, until this article appears." 

And again on August 18, 1829, he says:t "Perhaps you have 
reason to be angry with Colonel von Bock. I know nothing 
about it. At all events he did me a great service in traveling at 
his own expense from here to Halle to see Professor Schweickert 
and Schweickert-Seidel, and when they scornfully refused to 
print my article, pressed them so hard that at length they had 
to promise to print it immediately and to send him a copy tO' 
Brunswick, paste restante, which they and the publishers did, 
with letters containing the condition that he should pay for the 
cost of printing (3 thalers) to the bookseller Vieweg in Bruns- 
wick, and send to them in Halle the receipt, otherwise the 

* Horn. World, Vol. xxv., p. 21. 

■\ Horn. World, Vol. xxv., p. 23. Annals Brit. Horn. Med. Society, Vol. 
iii., p. 161. 


article could not be inserted in the Jahrbuch der Physik und 
Chemie, and so come before the public. 

"I will leave you to judge of this behavior, as also of the 
preface these Halle people have prefixed to the little article, and 
for which, consequently, von Bock had also to pay. They 
seem, in the preface to regard my article as an offense which 
requires to be apologized for, and with diplomatic punctilious- 
ness, deny their responsibility for the printing of it; just as if 
my article contained verbal inaccuracies which should not be 
laid to the charge of the editors. What gross insults and 

"I send the article to you now, but beg you to return it when 
you have the opportunity. But I fear they have pocketed the 
Colonel's three thalers and have not had the grace to insert the 
article in their periodical, whereby the whol& object of it will be 
frustrated . 

"I therefore beg of you as soon as Mr. Remler or you receive 
the number of this periodical with the appended article, to let 
me know immediately by letter, in order that I may make 
arrangements for the printing of the fourth part of the Chronic 
Diseases, but I will not touch a pen before this is done. Good 
God! how tiresome and difficult and how beset with hin- 
drances is the work of bringing the truth before the world, and 
of conquering prejudice! If the good did not itself reward the 
doers by approbation from above and from the depths of the left 
breast, then it must assuredly remain undone. * * * i beg 
of you to keep it secret that I am the author of the Halle article^ 
for if it is known, sentence of death would be immediately pro- 
nounced against it, and no one would put it to the proof." 

In 1828 he requests Stapf to:* "Ask Wild if he can procure 
for you the ^/^ edition of Lessing's "Contributions to Literature 
and Art," without hinting that the principal Fragments are con- 
tained in it. I will willingly pay for it." 

And in another letter also of 1828 he says to Stapf :t "I am 
sorry that you should have so much trouble in procuring the 
Fragments. Precisely that it is withheld from the view of man- 
kind whence truth might beam into their eyes, and might divert 

*Hom. World, Vol. xxiv., p. 497. 

^Hom. World, Vol. xxiv., p. 494. Aunals Brit. Horn. Society, Vol. ii.j, 
p. 149. 


their vision to themselves and to the grand universe in whose 
constant presence they would be obliged to be perfectly good, 
for naught can deliver them from the hell of their conscience 
when, in the omnipresence of their supreme Benefactor, they 
forget the purpose of their being, and prefer the satisfaction of 
their animal lusts to His approbation. 

" There cannot possibly be anything in reru77i natura which 
-can make the immoral happy (blessed). That is self-contradict- 
•ory, and woe to the seducers who delude the immoral by hold- 
ing out the assured prospect of attaining perfect felicity; they 
thereby only increase the number of human devils — they bring 
unspeakable, incalculable misery on mankind. The all-good 
Deity who animates the infinite universe, lives also in us, and, 
for our highest, inestimable dowry, gave us reason and a spark 
of holiness in our conscience — out of the fullness of His own 
morality — which we only need to keep kindled by constant 
watchfulness over our actions, in order that it may glow through 
our whole being, and thus be visible in all our transactions, that 
pure reason may with inexorable severity hold in subjugation 
■our animal nature, so that the end of our existence here below 
may be profitably fulfilled, for which purpose the Deitj' has en- 
dowed us with sufficient strength. 

" If you have an opportunity of informing dear Dr. Hering 
how highly I esteem him, please do so. He seems to be an ex- 
cellent young man." 

All the letters of this period written by Hahnemann show that 
despite his age he kept himself fully in touch with everything 
that was happening in the world of science and medicine. Dr. 
Stapf was his constant correspondent and confidant. 

The following letter to Stapf is of great interest as illustrat- 
ing this:* 

" CoETHEN, March 24, 1828. 
' ' Dear Colleague : 

"I thank you for sending me the Notizcn (a charming paper) 
which I now return. The observations upon the movements of 
spiders through the air are not only the best I have ever read on 
the subject, but they agree perfectly with my own observations. 
He has, however, only made them on the very small species of 
spiders, which he calls yEronaiitica, but I myself have done 

*Idem., Vol. xxiv., p. 498. Anuals Brit. Horn. Society, Vol. ii., p. 153. 


SO on the very much larger kind, A. Diadema. Great are the 
natural wonderful works of the Lord of creation, immeasurable 
His wisdon?, power, and goodness ! 

"I hope, too, you will succeed in obtaining at Mohrenzoll's 
public sale of books the " Reimarus Fragments," which are in- 
corruptible by superstition.* 

" I thank you also for Caspari's book, and with your leave I 
will keep it for a short time, as also Rau's book which I have 
from you. May I keep it a little longer? Caspari's Opusculuvi 
Posthimium, Beweis, which Baumgartner has sent me, will have 
pleased you. It is a thoroughly good book of instruction for 

"the laity as to the great advantage of Homoeopathy over Allo- 
pathy. He seems in it to wish to withdraw his previous in- 
jurious observations about me. I had long ago forgiven him for 
those. But it would not be amiss to give an obituary notice of 
him in the Archiv, and to raise a sort of appreciative memorial 
to him, whereby we will do honor to ourselves. But this I will 
leave entirely to you, and do not wish to dictate. 

" It seems to me that in Leipsic the Homoeopathic world are 
at loggerheads among themselves, and are being ruined by 

■cabals — evil passions destroy what, were it united by the beau- 

-tiful art, should prosper and bear good fruit — 

" ' The seed of good grows out of the heart. ^ — Haller.'' 

" The first number of the seventh volume, for which I thank 

'you, is worthy of all honor. What Sch t'sf article wants in 

solidity he makes up for by his candor and honesty, and his 
■confessions (he was for many years previously a zealous Allo- 
path), weigh heavily in the scale of Homoeopathy. He per- 
ceives the small value of Allopathy better than many old 

*The Reimarus mentioned in a previous letter was a distinguished Ger- 
•man philologist and philosopher who had been a professor at Hamburg 
from 1727 to 1765, the time of his death. The "Fragmeuta" which Hahne- 
mann mentions, and which he wishes to obtain, were called " Wolfenbut- 
"telsche Fragmenta eines ungenannteu." They were published anony- 
mously by L,essing in 1774 and were thought to be by him; but were really 
written by Reimarus. They consisted of a manifesto against the historical 
basis of Christianity and by their publication Lessing incurred the enmity 
of the church. Hahnemann's desire to see them shows hor^ interested he 
^was, although an old and very bus}' man, in all sorts of knowledge. 
fDr. Schweikert. 


"It is to confer too much honor on such muddle-heads as- 
Anton Frolig & Co. to condescend to refute their silly rubbish 
set forth in incomprehensible phraseology. I doubt if it were 
not better to pass over in silence such wretched stuff. It is so 
unintelligible and so unimportant that without that it would 
sink into deserved oblivion and be forgotten. The best of it is 
where the rascals confess (p. 142) that ' Homoeopathy has 
spread to an unaccountable degree.' This confession is worth a 
great deal. We have no need to feel any further anxiety about 
the progress of the dear child in the wide world. The work has 
already been done for its proper outfit, and those brave men, 
Stapf, Gross, and some others, have helped to give the good, 
child a sound and useful education, which will not fail to be ac- 
knowledged by our posterity. 

"I have now had leisure to read your A rc/i/v with great at- 
tention, and can accord to you both the highest praise. You. 
have rendered great service to our beneficent art. 

"But now endeavor to put your health (and that of your dear 
wife) into a better state. The extra medical serviceable for this- 
purpose which I can advise you is the following: Not to under- 
take work beyond your physical powers, nor seek to get through 
it too quickly. It is for your advantage to combine the two- 
dicta: Expendc quid valeant humeri, quid ferre reaisent, and 
festifia le7ite. In this way you will accomplish your object 
better. Also anger and grief must be expelled from the bosom 
of a wise man, he must not allow them to enter, cequani memento- 
rebus in asperis sej'vare vientum-morittire. The wise man first 
provides for his own well-being so that he may be better able to- 
contribute to that of others. 

"As regards medical matters, the first thing to be attended to- 
with regard to your dreadful cough is, does Sulphur suit your 
condition? If so, then, if for some time you have not taken 
any, I would advise you to take a small globule charged with 
Tincture of sulphur {Spiritus vini sulphuratiis) and allow it to- 
act for at least thirty days, this is to be followed by the alter- 
nate use of Phosphorus \ and Sepia \ (whichever is most suit- 
able to be taken first), which is the best treatment for such a, 
psoric cough. 

"To be sure you have not got the second part of my book, but: 
I shall soon have the proof sheets of both remedies, which I 


will send you, but only for a short time, as I often require them 
for ray own use. You will get rid of your cough in this way. 

" If what you write me about Austria is true, then I must say 
that Marenzeller is just the man for the situation. His extreme 
boldness and self-confidence are just what is needed, as also his 
indefatigable zeal, his iron endurance, and, when occasion 
demands, roughness and determination to administer a good box 
■on the ear to anyone who comes across his path. All this sort 
of thing is, I repeat, required in such a nest of crazy allopaths as 
Vienna is, to bring into being and to conduct such an insti- 

"He will certainly not carry out the treatment with that 
•extreme and requisite care which I exercise in selecting the 
medicines, but it is, at all events, a commencement. 

"The acute outbreaks of psora such as the facial erysipelas of 
your dear wife, the acute isolated (not epidemic or sporadic) 
illnesses, pulmonary inflammations, and other similar inflamma- 
tory forms, are no doubt true explosions and outbursts of latent 
psora; but for these acute conditions the slowly acting anti- 
psorics are not suitable, they require the other suitable non- 
antipsoric medicines for their cure in the meanwhile, after which 
the psora generally soon returns to its latent state, and after its 
•eruption Vesuvius only continues to smoke a little. 
" Yours very truly, 

' ' Samuel Hahnemann. ' ' 

Dr. Dudgeon, who translated the above letter, says in regard 
to Dr. Caspari, in a noteif " Caspari was actively engaged in 
practice and in literary works in Leipsic when, in the beginning 
•of the year 1828, he was attacked with smallpox, which was 
then prevailing epidemically in that part of Germany. The 
attack was attended by delirium, and though carefully nursed 
by attached friends and colleagues, he contrived to get hold of a 
loaded gun which no one knew was in the room, with which he 
shot himself dead on February 15th. Hahnemann seems always 
to have disliked Caspari, probably because in the first work he 
wrote after his conversion to Homoeopathy he blamed Hahne- 
mann for having separated himself so completely from the old 

* Trial of Homoeopathy, by command of the Emperor, in the hospital, 
April, 1828. See "Horn. League Tract, No. 11." Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. 
xii., p. 320. 

^ Horn. World, Vol. xxiv., p. 497. 


school, and set himself to try to amalgamate the two schools.. 
Caspar! afterwards saw that this amalgamation was impossible, 
and in his later works appears as a zealous and faithful follower 
of Hahnemann. But Hahnemann could apparent!}^ not forget 
or forgive the opposition to his views contained in the earlier- 

In a former letter Hahnemann alludes to the death as follows:-. 
"Though Caspari behaved in a very hostile manner to me, that 
is very sad about him." 

Thus from the years 1827 to 1830 we find this man who had 
lived his three score years and ten devoting himself not only to- 
his great work on the chronicity of disease, to watching care- 
fully the growth of his favorite doctrines, to encouraging his. 
followers, but also taking an interest in all the new books, and. 
doings of the medical men. 

Think of an old man of seventy five years of age interesting 
himself in the truth about the passage of the Red Sea, the habits 
of spiders, and in preparing new books! In the history of the 
world they who have done this at an advanced age are the 
world's great men, always. Here was no sere and yellow leaf, 

And, too, there was the home life, the evenings in which he 
went into the parlor in intervals of his work and listened, while- 
his good and faithful wife played upon the ancient harpischord 
in order to soothe the busy mind of the old Reformer. 



During all this time, from the appearance of the "Organon"' 
in 1810 to the celebration of the Jubilee of Graduation, in 1829,. 
a great many authors of the Allopathic school had been busy in 
demolishing this new doctrine of Homoeopathy, and in writing 
Hahnemann down a fraud. 

After Hecker had sought in a scurrilous and undignified 
review to destroy the truths in the "Organon;" when other more- 
temperate pamphleteers had followed him; after Kranzfelder had 


written his "Symbola;" after the apothecaries of I^eipsic had 
discussed in their domestic circles and in the beer shops of their 
native town the question of Hahnemann being allowed to dis- 
pense his own medicines; when Meissner anonymously wrote the 
"Works of Darkness in Homoeopathy;" when Prof. Sachs of 
Konigsberg had compared Hahnemann to the devil; when 
Keiser had confidently prophesied for his system but an ephem- 
eral existence; when Steiglitz dubbed it a "monstrous sys- 
tem;" when Heinroth, the editor of the Anti-Organon, a paper 
expressly established to destroy this "great humbug," had 
already " accompanied it to its death-bed;" when Simon, in the 
"Anti-Homoeopathic Archives," called Hahnemann "the same 
unreliable ignoramus;" and Elias had condemned the whole 
system, and had spoken of it as a most "useless thing;" 
when the entire oligarchy of the Allopathic school had arisen 
to defend the universal habit of bleeding and salivation, both of 
which little pastimes Hahnemann had denounced; when Fischer, 
of Dresden, had arrayed this "monstrous theory of Homoeopathy 
at the judgment-seat of common-sense;" when Anonyma, 
despicable and snake-like, had everywhere ventured her venom;-, 
when the inquisitors of the public press were preventing the 
articles of the Homoeopathic physician from appearing in print; 
when Kovats in Pesth, called Homoeopathy "a system of 
juggling and of deception, quackery, foolish bungling, an occu- 
pation for idle cobblers," illustrating himself by a most ridicu- 
lous mythological fable about Hercules and the ubiquitous 
serpent; when Wetzler had already written of "Homoeopathy at 
its last gasp;" when Bernstein, in Warsaw, had promised its. 
downfall; and Fischer had explained at length the reasons why 
it could not possibly exist in Berlin, France and England; when 
Sachs had settled the momentous question by declaring- 
" Homoeopathy has never appeared and does not exist;" when 
Steiglitz, the physician to the King of Hanover, advised the 
members of the dominant school of medicine to " wait beside 
the open grave of Homoeopathy, as the corpse would soon ap- 
pear;" when another noble and scientific person advised that 
Homoeopaths be burned as witches; when Puchelt, Jorg, Groh, 
Sprengel, Widerkind, Mulisch, Stachelwroth and Schmidt, and 
hosts of others were overwhelming Germany with polemical 
pamphlets, journal-articles, and books, against poor old Hahne- 


mann and his terrible doctrine;* behold what Hahnemann, the 
old physician and philosopher, looking out upon his enemies 
with eyes of three score years and ten, who was a physician 
before his villifiers were born, and who had forgotten much 
taore than the most of them had ever learned, behold what he 
said in a letter written to Stapf, from his refuge at peaceful 
Coethen, on September i, 1825:! 

"Do not be uneasy that such a quantity of big guns are at 
present being discharged at us; they never hit the mark; the}' 
fall as light as feathers, and if we are true to ourselves they can 
do no harm to us nor injure the good cause in the slightest, for 
what is good remains good. 

"All this scribbling is forgotten in six or twelve months. 
The Homoeopath tosses it contemptuously aside after reading it, 
and feels only pity for the blinded zealots. The Allopaths 
derive comfort from it in vain; their position is not improved by 
it; and the public don't read it because they do not understand 
the incomprehensible stuff; they only understand the abusive 
expressions, which are no refutation. 

" I do not know why we should fret or get angry about it. 
What is true cannot be betrayed into untruth, even should a 
privy councillor or an illustrious old professor write against it. 
* * * I laugh at it all. In a short time it will all be for- 
gotten, and the progress of our cause is not checked. All the 
numerous opposition writings are merely the last shots of the 
enemy into the air before the ship sinks to the bottom." 

In another letter of the same year he says:]: "The tissue of 
theoretical subtleties contained in Heinroth's "Anti-Organon " 
(thank God I do not read such rubbish) does little harm; the 
readers will not understand it and will pass it by. But it can- 
not be easily refuted, for the person who undertakes this task 
must first make the nonsense comprehensible to his reader 
before he can refute it, and that is not worth the trouble. 

"You are too much afraid of these libelous publications. 
The enemy is merel}^ firing off in the air his last ammunition, 
and the truth remains unharmed, and gains over more accept- 

* For titles of these books see Kleinert's " Geschichte der Homoopathie, " 
p. 108. Trans, in Med. Counsellor, Vol. xi., p. 272. 

■\Hom. World, Vol. xxiv., p. 249. "Annals Brit. Horn. Society," Vol. i., 
p. 492. J The same, p. 252. 


ance from people whose minds are unprejudiced. And these are 
the onl}' persons of any consequence to us. The truth which is 
so opposed to the old rubbish could not be stated without excit- 
ing a violent reaction. Thej^ are quite cognizant of the exist 
ence of the well laid mine which will shatter their whole old 
edifice, and the}'^ are naturally beside themselves with rage. 
Their angry snorting and impotent gnashing of teeth can be 
perceived far and near, but it will not help them. I remain 
quite well amid it all." 

In another lette.^ to Dr. Stapf he says: 
' 'Esteemed Doctor : 

•'Do you really believe these wretched fellows do any harm to 
the good cause ? You are mistaken. Their performances are 
so bad, and bear their own condemnation on their face. So I 
have written Dr. Gross to request him to prevent any Homoeo- 
path taking the trouble to refute or answer them. Still it 
would not be amiss to say a few words to the public about 
them. I wish you would transcribe what I have written on 
the enclosed leaf and send it to the editor of the Ayizeiger for 

"This would, I know, be agreeable to the editor, who has 
more than a dozen such hostile articles against the good cause 
on his hands and does not know how to refuse them. But at 
m);' recommendation he would reject the most of them. 

" I do not feel annoyed at the rubbish. It has gone to such 
lengths that it must now come to an end. They scream them- 
selves hoarse and lose their powers of speech. The reading 
public knows how to estimate their screaming, and despises the 
rascals who among their neighbors pose as angels of light, as 
friends of mankind, and as gentle lambs; but show by such in- 
vectives that they are raging wolves, and they must inevitably 
sink low in the estimation of their neighbors. 

" It is but natural that the thousands of such fellows who have 
their corns trod on by the new doctrine, should find themselves 
in the greatest straits, and should utter malicious exclamations, 
but every rational person perceives from these cries how im- 
portant the matter is in reference to which they behave so 
extravagantly, and that they cry out because they wish to cry 
down the better treatment which they are too lazy and too proud 
to adopt. 


" The stuff they write is too evidentl)' dictated by passion and 
too full of errors and falsehoods to impose on the public and 
induce them to regard such bunglers as good judges of this im- 
portant matter. 

"The truth has already extended its rays too widely, and 
shines too brightly to admit of being eclipsed.* 

"Yours very truly, 

''Coethen, Nov 14., 1825.'' "Sam. Hahnemann. 

And again in the same year he saysrf " Remember how when 
Jenner's cowpox inoculation had been adopted far and near, 
quantities of disgraceful invectives were published against it in 
England — I once counted twenty such — now they are not to be 
found, probably the paper on which they were printed is now 
used to wrap up cheese in a grocer's shop. 

"And look how limited are the applications of Jenner's dis- 
covery compared with those of Homoeopathy. It puts to shame 
many thousands of the Allopaths, most of whom feel that they 
are all too narrow-minded and stupid to tread the new way with 
success. This makes many thousands malicious in the highest 
degree. They scatter broadcast, venom and bile, and seek to 
overwhelm it with sophistry, misrepresentation, and calumnies. 
But what does it matter? They injure themselves, not us. The 
truth continues to advance in silence, and sensible people think 
those who indulge in abuse are in the wrong." 

Neither did Hahnemann have a very high opinion of the 
scholarship of certain of his detractors and critics. In the 
preface to Volume III. of the first edition of the "Materia 
Medica Pura " (1817) he published an article called: " Nota 
Bene for my Reviewers," in which he says: "I have read 
several false criticisms on the second part (vol.) of my ' Pure 
Materia Medica,' especially on the essay at the beginning of it, 
entitled 'Spirit of the Homoeopathic Medical Doctrine.' What 
an immense amount of learning do not my critics display! 
I shall only allude to those who write and print 'homopathic' 
and 'homopathy' in place of Homoeopathic and Homoeopathy, 
thereby betraying that they are not aware of the immense diflfer- 

* Horn. Worlds Vol. xxiv., p. 309. Annals Brit. Horn. Society, Vol. i., 
p. 495- 

•\ Horn. World, Vol. xxiv., p. 311. Auuals Brit. Horn. Society, Vol. i , 
p. 498. 


ence betwixt '''iJ-y'-' and oij.iuov, but consider the two to be synony- 
mous. Did the)^ never hear a word about what the whole 
world knows, how the infinite difference betwixt oiioobaio^ and 
oijMuibGuiz once split the whole Christian church into two parts, 
impossible to be re-united? Do they not understand enough 
Greek to know that (alone and in combination) ^iim-j means 
com77ion, identical, the same (e. g. ek op.w liyiiq ei.qaya6dvM)i — Iliad), 
but that opMioy only means similar, resembling the object, but riever 
reachiiig it in regard to nature and kind, never becoming identical 
with itf 

"The Homoeopathic doctrine never pretended to cure a 
disease by the same, the identical power by which the disease 
was produced — this has been impressed upon the unreasonable 
opponents often enough, but, as it seems, in vain; no! it only 
cures in the mode most consonant to nature, by means of a 
power never exactly corresponding to, never the saine as the 
cause of the disease, but by means of a medicine that possesses 
the peculiar power of being able to produce a similar morbid 

"Cannot those persons feel the difference\-sX ' identical' 
(the same) and ' similar V Are they all ' homopathically ' 
laboring under the same malady of stupidity? Should not any- 
one who ventia'es to step forward as a reviewer <7/"the ' Spirit of the 
Homoeopathic Medical Doctrine ' have at least a rudimentary 
idea of the meaning of the word Homoeopathy? 

"Perversions of words and sense, incomprehensible palaver, 
which is meant to appear learned, abuse and theoretical sceptical 
shakings of the head, instead of practical demonstrations of the 
contrary, seem to me to be weapons of too absurd a character to 
use against a fact such as Homoeopathy is; they remind me of 
the little figures which mischievous boys make with gunpowder 
and set on fire in order to tease people, the things can only fizz 
and splutter, but are not very effective, are, on the whole, very 
miserable affairs. 

"My respectable brethren on the opposition benches, I can 
give you better advice about overthrowing, if possible, this doc- 
trine Avliich threatens to stifle your art, that is founded on mere 
assumption, and to bring ruin upon all your therapeutic lumber, 
lyisten to me! . . . The doctrine appeals not only chiefly, 
but solely to the verdict of experience — ' repeat the experi- 


meuts,' it cries aloud, ' repeat them carefully and accurately and 
you will find the doctrine confirmed at every step ' — and it does 
what no medical doctrine, no system of physic, no so called 
therapeutics ever did or could do, it z'nsisfs upon being 'judged 
by the result.' 

"Here, then, we have Homoeopathy just where we wished to 
have it; here we can (come on, dear gentlemen, all will go on 
nicely) give it the death blow from this side !" 

Hahnemann then challenges his adversaries to test the truth 
of his system according to his own rules laid down in the 
"Organon," using the same care as himself would, and then 
says: "If it does not give relief — speedy, mild and permanent 
relief — then, by a publication of the duly-attested history of the 
treatment according to the principles of the Homoeopathic system 
strictly followed out, you will be able to give a public refutation 
of this doctrine which so seriously threatens the old darkness. 
But I pray you to beware of playing false in the matter." 

He advises them "of the opposition benches" if they know 
any other way of "suppressing this accursed doctrine" to con- 
tinue after the usual fashion. "Continue then to exalt the com- 
monplace twaddle of your school to the very heavens with the 
most fulsome praise, and to pervert and ridicule with your evil 
mind what your ignorance does not pervert; continue to calumni- 
ate, to abuse, to revile — and the unprejudiced will be able plainly 
to comprehend on whose side truth lies. 

"If you really wish to do as well as the practitioners of Ho- 
moeopathy, imitate the Homoeopathic practice rationally and 
honestly ! 

"If you do not wish this — well then, harp away — we will not 
prevent you — harp away on your comfortlesss path of blind and 
servile obedience in the dark midnight of fanciful systems, 
seduced hither and thither by the will-o'-the-wisps of your ven- 
erated authorities, who, when you really stand in need of aid 
leave you in the lurch — dazzle your sight and disappear. 

"And if your unfortunate practice, from which that which 
you intended, wished and promised, does ?io^ occur, accumulates 
within you a store of spiteful bile, which seeks to dissipate itself 
in calumniating your betters — well then, continue to call the 
grapes up yonder, which party pride, confusion of intellect, weak- 


ness or indolence prevents your reaching-, sour, and leave them 
to be gathered by more worthy persons." 

This delightful bit of satire is dated Leipzig, February, 1817, 
and is signed "Dr. Samuel Hahnemann."* 





Up to the year 1835 there were six public and formal trials, 
undertaken by order of governments, made of Homoeopathic 
practice : i. At Vienna, in 1828, conducted b}'- Dr. Marenzeller. 
2. At Tulzyn, Russia, in 1827. 3. At St. Petersburg, in 
1829-30, by Dr. Hermann. 4. At Munich, in 1830-31, by Dr. 
Attomyr. 5. At Paris, in 1834, by Dr. Andral, Jr. 6. At Naples, 
in 1835, by order of the King, by a mixed commission in the 
hospital of La Trinite. 

These were all made by Allopathic physicians and were not 
considered by members of the Homoeopathic school as fairly 

Dr. Tessier, in 1849-51, made tests at Hopital Ste. Mar- 
guerite, deciding in favor of the Homoeopathic system. When 
he presented his report to the Paris Academy he aroused a 
storm of protest for his fairness in admitting that there was good 
in Homoeopathy.! 

It is worthy of mention that the Preface, " Nota Bene," 
quoted in the last chapter was the cause of Dr. Constantine 
Hering becoming interested in Homoeopathy. J C. Baumgartner, 
the founder of a publishing house in Leipsic, wanted a book 
written against Homoeopathy. This was about the time that 
Hahnemann was driven from Leipsic, and it was then supposed 
that such a book would quite finish the system. 

*"Reine Arzneiniittellehre," Vol. iii. " I^esser Writings," New York. 

fSee Horn. Examiner, Vol. i., p. 20 (1840). Rosenstein's "Theory and 
Practice of Homceopathy," p. 267. Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol ii., p. 49; Vol. 
xi., p. 133; Vol. xiv., p. 308. 

%U. S. Med. and Surg. Jour., Vol. iii., p. 116. 


Dr. J. H. Robbi, Hering's preceptor, was asked to write the 
book but refused and recommended his student, Hering, at that 
time twenty years of age. The contract was made and the book, 
written during the winter of 1821-22, was nearly completed, 
when, for the sake of making quotations, Hering was provided 
with Hahnemann's works. In the third volume of the ' ' Materia 
Medica Pura " he discovered this "Nota Bene for My Critics." 
It induced him to make experiments. 

The book was discontinued; Hering now endeavored to sepa- 
rate the true from the false that he yet thought must be in this 
new and peculiar system. Against the advice of friends, patrons, 
and teachers he continued his investigations. In two years he 
became convinced of the truth of Hahnemann's discovery. He 
now suffered persecutions, want, hunger, and was obliged to 
postpone his examination for his degree. 

In 1825 a younger brother offered to loan him money, and 
while inquiring at which of Germany's thirty universities he 
could get his degree the cheapest, he saw some notes taken from 
the lectures of the celebrated pathologist, Schoenlein, of Wurz- 
burg. He,, was so pleased that he took up his bundle and 
walked into Franconia to sit at the feet of Schoenlein. 

He would not deny his allegiance to Hahnemann, and there- 
fore was obliged to pass a most rigorous examination. He 
defended his thesis — " De Medicina Futura" — in which he 
acknowledged the Homoeopathic doctrines, on March 23, 1826. 
He had been in correspondence with Hahnemann long before 
this time. The following letters, written to him by Hahne- 
mann when he was yet a student of medicine,* show the kindly 
regard for the new convert, whom he had never seen. It may be 
not amiss to mention that, though Hahnemann and Hering 
were friends from this time until the death of the former, yet 
they never met. Hering almost at once after liis graduation 

*Some time previous to i860. Dr. Hering sent to Dr. J. Rutherford 
Russell, of England, careful copies of thirtj'-five letters written by Hahne- 
mann to himself and to Dr. Stapf It was Dr. Russell's intention to pub- 
lish a life of the master, and Dr. Hering thus assisted him. The life was 
not written, but Dr. Russell translated and published the letters in vols, i, 
ii, iii, iv of the "Annals and Transactions of the British HomcEopathic 
Society, and of the London Homoeopathic Hospital," 1860-66. He also 
used some of them in his "History and Heroes of Medicine." Dr. Dud- 
geon must have had access to these letters in 1889, as among the fifty-one 


went to South America and from thence sailed for Philadelphia, 
Hering did not receive his degree as doctor of medicine from the 
Universit}' of Wurzburg until March 23, 1826, although he had 
for some years been a believer in the doctrines of Hahnemann. 
The letters are as follows:* 
'' Dear Mr. HeHng : 

" Your active zeal for the beneficent art delights me, and I be- 
lieve that every one who desires to render valuable services to it 
must be animated by equal enthusiasm. The preparation you 
kindly sent me is, I perceive, pure iron in a form divested of 
solidity and the metallic character, modern chemists would prob- 
ably call it Hydrure de fcr. Dissolve a drachm of pure sulphate 
of iron in pure water, and precipitate it with spiritus salts ani- 
moniaci vinosus, wash the sediment several times with pure 
water and dry it in blotting paper, and then see if you do not 
obtain the same iron powder. It is a fine discovery, and the 
Ostriz man deserves praise. It may be used with advantage. 

"I regret that when your esteemed letter arrived the manu- 
script of the second edition of the second volume of my ' Materia 
Medica Pura' had already been .^ent to press; I was consequently 
unable lo introduce the preparation of iron or to avail myself of 
your offer to make trials of it. But I intend ere long to take 
advantage of your kind offer for other substances. You make 
mention of your sister, is she with you in Leipsic? Do you also 
come from Oberlausitz ? What led you to study medicine? 

"I would like to become better acquainted with you, and I 
pray >ou to continue to be a right, genuine, good man, as it is 
impo.ssible without virtue to be a true physician, a godlike 
helper of his fellow creatures in their distress. 

" Yours very truly, 

"SamukIv Hahnemann." 
''Coetheii, July p, 1824..'' 

And in December of the same year he writes: f- 
' ' Dear Mr. Hering : 

" I have your letter of the 24th of November before me, an 

letters of Hahnemanu he translated and published in the HomcBopathic 
World, the most of these thirty-five are to be found. The above letters 
to Hering are among the number. 

* Horn. World, Vol. xxiv., p. 247. "Annals Brit. Horn. Society," Vol. 
ii., p. 242. 

t" Annals of Brit. Hom. Society," Vol. i , p. 490. 


earlier answer I was prevented from giving by the multitude of 
my occupations. 

" As you wish to procure a master's degree in the old system 
of medicine next spring, I beg and counsel you not to allow 
your Homoeopathic opinions to be known by the Allopathic 
physicians of Leipsic, least of all by that most implacable of all 
Allopaths, Clarus, if you do not wish to be grievously tormented 
at your examination or even rejected. * * * 

" Yet, when you have got your degree, and have pitched upon 
the place of your future practice, then fear nothing more from 
the obstacles which the corporation of apothecaries will be able 
to put in your way. Some escape will open by which you will 
be able to put the good method into practice. 

" I have confidence in you and am not afraid of being wrong 
in regarding you as one of the few of my followers, who, in a 
higher sense than the common (inspired only by desire of gain 
and reputation), will practice the divine art among your afflicted 
fellow-men under the eye of the Omnipresent, then, while you 
will not miss obtaining the so-called temporal gain, you will also 
secure the approval of your conscience, without which kingdoms 
cannot gi\e happiness. 

" If you wish to become a physician in this nobler sense (that 
is a pure benefactor of men), standing on earth a representative 
of God, our highest benefactor, and to be a right good man, then 
will you be one of the few, a truly happy, joyful man. This I 
wish and hope for you. 

"Only he who is good can be sure of the support of God, 
without whom we can accomplish nothing, from whom every- 
thing comes which contributes to the cure of his beloved family 
of man. 

" From your offer to make experiments with medicines upon 
yourself, assisted by your sister, I will make use when you are 
in a place and position to practice your art. 

" Yours most obediently, 

' ' Sam. Hahnemann. ' ' 

' ' Coethen , 31st of Decern ber, 182^ . ' ' 

Among the many visitors to Hahnemann at this busy period 
was Dr. F. F. Qnin, of England, who, in 1826, went to Coethen 
for the purpose of studying Homoeopathy under its founder. 
He had, as early as 1823, become interested in it. Dr. Quin 



returned to England in 1827, and at once commenced the prac- 
tice of Homoeopathy, having the honor of introducing it into 
that country.* 

Exception has at times been taken by some members of the 
Homoeopathic school to certain of the symptoms collected pre- 
viously and at this time, and published in the " Materia Medica 
Pura " by Hahnemann. 

Hahnemann's excessive carefulness in the matter of express- 
ing his exact meaning is well illustrated in this letter to Gross, 
dated December 26, 1825:! " The terminology should be settled 
from the first. We will not make any change in what I decided 
respecting the difference betwixt lanciyians 2caApungens. Beyer's 
pressoriepidsatorius is certainly better Latin \.\xa.n pressoj'io-pidsa- 
torius, and in future I wish that the first adjective of such com- 
posite terms should be changed into the adverbial form in the 
same way as pressorie instead of pressorio. When I find some- 
thing better than my own I adopt it willingly. Kindly see this 

" But not pressorius and pulsatorius, for that does not convey 
the idea of a sensation compounded of the two, but implies that 
it was sometimes pressure, sometimes throbbing; in short, both 
sensations singly side by side. This must not be used instead 
<i{ pressorio pulsatorius . ' ' 

Again, writing to Stapf, September i, 1825, he says:;}: "One 
word more. In future volumes of the Latin translation of my 
' Materia Medica ' I hope you will be still more careful in the 
■choice of symptoms, especially those taken from Allopathic 
sources. They were useful to me, as they served to gain for me 
the ear of the profession, showing as they did that other physi- 
cians had observed something similar, and that my observations 
should therefore not be doubted. But you do not require this 
in your epitome, it is not necessary to show this in your book. 

' 'Yet another word. It is absolutely necessary that you give me 
the numbers of the symptoms in the original German text which 
you translate and condense, enclosed in brackets after each, thus, 
(220,221). II For how else can the reviser find them, or the for- 

*"Annals Brit. Horn. Society," Vol. i., p. 5; also Appendix Report, ii. 

■\ Horn. World, Vol. xxiv, p. 312. 

XHom. World, Vol. xxiv., p. 250. 

Jl He refers to the traaslatioa made by Stapf, Gross aud Von Bruiiuow. 


eigner who iitiderstands a little German look them up in the 
original in order to get further information about them? Do 
this, therefore, in your manuscript. 

" Hartlaub's writings are well thought out and useful, and I 
think highly of them. 

" Should you, in Naumburg, see a paper by me in the Mor- 
genblatt on the refusal to allow Homoeopaths to dispense their 
own medicines, let me know. I have exerted myself to procure 
for Homoeopaths this, their inalienable right. He who allows 
the medicines to be made by another (the apothecary) is a poor 
creature, he can't do what he ought, he is no Homoeopath. 

" Yours very truly, 

"Sam. Hahnemann." 

"Coethen, September i, 182^.'' 

Hahnemann felt no uncertainty as to the final fate of HomcE- 
opathy. Two years before the Preface, "Nota Bene," was 
written Stapf had expressed a wish that some distinguished 
Allopath should be converted to a belief in Homoeopathy, to 
which Hahnemann made the following answer: "That you 
will find a great man who will come over to our side is, in 
the nature of things, impossible. If he be already a man of 
celebrity, as you represent him, he can have become so only by 
means of the gross empirical art which he contrived to support, 
after some new fashion, by compiling in manuals the thousand 
times ruminated trash of common medicine, or by hatching 
some unelaborated, unintelligible, fine-spun system, or by pro- 
cesses and fooleries of the ordinary sort, which he carried further 
than his colleagues, and raised himself above them only by tell- 
ing greater and more audacious falsehoods than they. Such an 
one has long ago decided on the part he must play; he can wor- 
ship only the false and sophistical system which raised him to 
his place of honor. 

" Never would he be able to recog -ize from the wilderness of 
his multifarious knowledge the dignity of simple, humbling 
truth; and he would be on his guard, if some helps did not 
reach him, to take them as little as possible under his protection, 
inasmuch as they would expose the falsehood of all his former 
knowledge, by which he had become so great, and would leave 
nothing sound or entire about him, and destroy himself and his. 


"He must tread under foot all his mock- consequence before 
he could even begin to be our disciple; and what would then 
remain of the great man who could raise us by his countenance, 
since his infallibility must be laid in the dust; and the halo of 
universal knowledge, for which he was indebted to his exalted 
station alone, must first be extinguished, by the study of a new 
truth, before he will become a worthy scholar of ours. How 
could he become our protedoj- without first receiving the truth 
we teach, that is, without having first entered our school ? And 
then must be thrown away all that rendered him great in the 
eyes of the world; and even to perform a moderate service in our 
cause he would stand in need oi our protection, not we oi his. 

" Our art requires no political levers, no worldly decorations. 
At present it grows with slow progress amid the abundance of 
weeds which luxuriate about it; it grows unobserved, from an 
unlikely acorn into a little plant; soon may its head be seen 
overtopping the rank weedy herbage. Only wait — it is striking 
deep its roots in the earth; it is strengthening itself unper- 
ceived, but all the more certainly; and in its own time it will 
increase, till it becomes an oak of God, whose arms, unmoved 
by the wildest storm, stretch in all directions, that the suffering 
children of men may be revived under its beneficent shadow." * 

This description of the so-called man of science applies very 
well to our own times and to the present scientific craze for 
germs, microbes, lymph-injections, bacilli and other short-lived 

Dudgeon saysif "That Hahnemann felt, and felt deeply, the 
unjust calumnies and unceasing persecution to which he was 
subjected, we have ample evidence from various passages in his 
works, from the year 1800 upwards. Among the papers found 
at his death one bore the following inscription intended as an 
epitaph on his tomb, which reads like the last sigh of a martyr — 
' L,iber Tandem Quiesco.' " 

Hahnemann could not have been human had not this tempest 
of villification affected him. But that his firm faith in the 
future of Homoeopathy was well founded is most powerfully 
illustrated by the colleges, hospitals, dispensaries and number- 
less followers of the school at the present day. 

*Stapf's "Archiv.," Vol. xxi., pt. 2, p. 129. Brit. Jour. Ho^n., Vol. iii., 
p. 197. 

t " Biography of Hahuemanu," p. 46. 




In the year 1828 Hahnemann published a most important 
book, entitled " Chronic Diseases, Their Nature and Homoeo- 
pathic Treatment " It was issued in four volumes, three in 
1828 and the fourth in 1830, by his old publisher, Arnold, of 
Dresden and Leipsic. 

The first volume is dedicated "to Ernst, Baron von Brunnow. 
by his friend Samuel Hahnemann. " In the preface to this 
volume he says : "If I did not know for what purpose I exist 
upon earth — to make myself as good as possible, and to improve 
things and men around me to the best of my ability, I should 
have to consider myself deficient in worldly wisdom for promul- 
gating before my death an art, whose sole possessor I was, and 
which, being kept secret, might have become a source of per- 
manently increasing profit to me. " 

In 1827, one year previous, he called his two eldest and best 
beloved disciples, Drs. Stapf and Gross, to Coethen, and told 
them about his great discover)' of the origin of chronic diseases, 
and asked them to test in practice the action of certain remedies 
that he then designated by the name of antipsorics. 

He had been slow, as he himself says, in imparting this secret 
to his pupils and followers. He had, however, as the following 
letter will show, made some confidants. 

Hahnemann wished to establish a hospital, in order that 
chronic maladies could be treated in strict accordance with his 
own ideas. He had also endeavored to induce Duke Ferdinand 
to found this hospital at Coethen. 

In the Allgemeine Zeittoig for December 7, 1846, the following 
letter was published, preceded by ihese remarks by the editor:* 

" We publish herewith for various reasons a letter written by 
Dr. Hahnemann to the deceased Consul General, Dr. Friedrich 
Gotthelf Baumgartner. It was among the documents left by 
the deceased, and was sent to us for publication by his son, 
Julius A. Baumgartner, City Counsellor. It seemed .strange to 

*Allg. Horn. Zeitung, Vol. xxxii., p. 41 (Dec. 7. 1846); also Neue Zeit- 
schriftjur Horn. Klinik (Hirschel), Vol. xvi., p. 105 (July 15, 1871). 



US that Hahnemann, in his old age, should busy himself in 
founding a hospital, and should wish to assume the direction of 
it. It was some thing new to us that he could not make known 
his great discovery respecting the treatment of chronic diseases 
by his publications, but only by clinical instruction, which 
might be done if in accordance with his wish he should be per- 
mitted to have a hospital. 

" It was well known to his old pupils that he left Leipsic un- 
willingly, and in this letter the reader finds the compelling 
reason. His mistrust of his pupils finds sufficient excuse in the 
many bitter disappointments which he persuaded himself that 
he had experienced to a much greater extent than any other 
person, an opinion that would naturally become more and more 
decisive with advancing age. 

" We all know that he must have received a handsome royalty 
through his publications, yet we cannot blame him for estimat- 
ing his communications at a far higher rate; but on the other 
hand, we must acknowledge that but few authors will be offered 
such a generous royalty, and that he won for himself through 
the publication of his teachings both an enormous throng of 
patients and well merited honors, which might easily make him 
forget the seeming ingratitude of his pupils. The following is 
the letter mentioned: 
'''Right Honorable Doctor and Consul- General, Beloved Patron: 

"I regard it as a kind of providential foresight that you, a 
man of such high consideration and authority, should have the 
sagacity to try to help honor a healing art, which, because of its 
simplicity, verity and incredible efficacy, has been so maligned 
in a thousand ways, as well as often reviled and suppressed b)^ 
the great fraternity of physicians, proud in their comfortable old 

" I have read your report to the City of Berlin, and I honor 
and revere you most sincerely for this great act of beneficence. 
May God bless you. 

" I also thank you for the banquet which you have given in 
honor of my system of medicine, and I highly appreciate your 
public aknowledgment of the value of Homoeopathy. It must 
have created quite a sensation among your friends. 

" I heartily wish that the kingdom of Saxony had acted more 
fairly towards me, for a genuine Homoeopathic physician who 


will practice his system exclusively and conscientiously can 
need no assistance other than in the preparation of his medicines, 
and can need no apothecary, which of itself would be a veritable 

" In that case, too, I need not have left I^eipsic, which is so 
dear to me, and been obliged to settle here at an expense to my- 
self of more than two thousand thalers. 

" I rejoice that you are so far on the way to recovery; I advise 
you to avoid, if possible, the least indisposition, and to relieve 
the nightly drying of the wound and the numbness of the large 
toe by such Homoeopathic remedies as you see in the books. 

"There will always remain some ailments uncured by 
Homoeopathy, the remains of some deep-seated chronic disease. 
For the perfect healing of a large family of chronic diseases, not 
even all that I have written on Homoeopathy is sufficient. But 
incredibly more is effected by it in these old diseases than by 
the medicines prescribed by the Allopaths. But, in Homoeo- 
pathic writings as yet published, there is still lacking the great 
keystone which binds together all that has been thus far pub- 
lished, so that the healing of chronic diseases may be not only 
expedited, but also brought to the condition of complete 

"To discover this still- lacking keystone and thus the means of 
entirely obliterating the ancient chronic diseases, I have striven 
night and day, for the last four years, and by thousands of trials 
and experiences as well as by uninterrupted meditation I have 
at last attained my object. Of this invaluable discovery, of 
which the worth to mankind exceeds all else that has ever been 
discovered by me, and without which all existent Homoeopathy 
remains defective or imperfect, none of my pupils as yet know 

" It is still wholly my property. Therefore the worst chronic 
diseases which not only the physicians of the old school, but 
also the best among the Homoeopaths, must leave unhealed, are 
still in the same condition; since, as said before, the Homoeo- 
pathic system as till now promulgated by me, however much it 
can do, has not by a long way reached that perfect healing which 
has become possible only since this new discovery, the result of 
unspeakable efforts. 

"But this knowledge, now finally attained, is of such kind 


that I can impart it in a practical way to young students only by 
special inspection at the bedside in some clinical establishment. 
And in order that I might be able to do this before my death, I 
entreated our Duke to establish a hospital for the purpose. 

"It appeared acceptable to him, but, notwithstanding his 
seeming willingness to establish one, I see plainly that nothing 
will come of it. We have as yet no public hospital in Coethen. 

" Nothing will be done in the matter in this place, so far as I 
can see; and it would be much more agreeable to me to have 
such an establishment in a larger place. 

"Since this knowledge cannot be communicated by written 
works, but men must hear, see, and be convinced for themselves, 
I shall, perhaps, have to take this treasure with me to the 
grave, and can merely appropriate it in my lifetime to my own 
needs in thus healing those invalids whom no one else can heal. 

" This is but a slight advantage to be gained by me, who have 
so willingly communicated to the world everything prior to this 
discovery, and have received therefor but little thanks from my 
own pupils and from Allopathists, as well as persecution from 
public officials who have an eye to the benefit of apothecaries. 

" I whisper in your ear this important confession, and I beg 
that you, who are my very dear friend, will impart it to no one 
in lycipsic. I may rest assured that you, whose heart is all 
aglow for the welfare of humanity, will make the very best use 
of it. 

"A friend who esteems you most highly, 
" Your humble servant, 

' ' Samuel Hahnemann . ' ' 

" Coethen^ January 10, i82j.^' 

From the years 1816 to 1828 Hahnemann had been giving 
his thoughts to a new and startling doctrine regarding the 
origin and cure of diseases. There were certain diseases of long 
standing or chronic that did not respond properly to the Hom- 
oeopathic remedies. For a time the small number of Homoeo- 
pathic medicines known w^as the excuse given for this failure. 
Hahnemann says : * 

" Hitherto the followers of Homoeopathy were satisfied with 

*The quotations in this chapter are from the MSS of au unpublished 
translation of "Die Chronischeu Krankheiten, " made by and in the pos- 
session of Dr. Augustus Korndoerfer, ot Philadelphia. 


this excuse, but the founder of Homoeopathy never took ad- 
vantage of it nor did he find comfort therein. The yearly addi- 
tion of proved powerful remedies did not advance the treatment 
of chronic (non- venereal) diseases a single step, whereas the 
acute if not fatal in character from the beginning were not only 
markedly relieved by the correctly employed Homoeopathic 
remedy, but with the aid of our ever active life-sustaining force 
promptly and thoroughly cured. 

" Why should this vital force which, aided by the Homoeo- 
pathic remedy is sufficient for the restoration of the integrity of 
the organism, and for the accomplishment of perfect recovery 
from the most virulent acute diseases, fail to afford any true or 
lasting benefit in the various chronic diseases, even though 
aided by the Homoeopathic remedies, best indicated by the exist-" 
ing symptoms. What prevents its action? 

"In order to answer this most natural question, I was com- 
pelled to investigate the nature of these chronic diseases. 

"Since the years 1816 and 1817 I have been occupied day 
and night in efforts to discover the reason why the known 
Homoeopathic remedies did not affect a true cure of the above- 
mentioned chronic diseases; and sought to secure a more ac- 
curate, and, if possible, a correct insight into the true nature of 
these thousands of chronic diseases, which remained uncured 
despite the uncontrovertible truth of the Homoeopathic doctrine. 
When behold ! the Giver of all good permitted me, after unceas- 
ing meditation, indefatigable research, careful observation and 
the most accurate experiments to solve this sublime problem for 
the benefit of mankind. " 

And in a footnote he says: "During these years nought of 
these efforts was made known to the world nor even to my own 
disciples. This was not owing to the ingratitude which I had 
frequently experienced, for I heed neither the ingratitude nor 
yet the persecutions which I encounter in my wearisome though 
not joyless life-path. No, I said nought thereof because it is 
unwise, yea, even harmful to speak or write of things yet imma- 
ture. In the year 1827 I first made known the most important 
features of my discoveries to two of my most worthy disciples, 
not only for their benefit and that of their patients, but in addi- 
tion that the whole of this knowledge might not be lost to the 
world through my death, for having reached my 73d year it was 


not improbable that I might be called into eternity before I could 
complete this book." 

As early as 1816, in an "Essay on the Improper Treatment of 
the Venereal Disease," Hahnemann mentions the itch of wool 
manufacturers, and says:* "As soon as the itch vesicles have 
made their appearance this is a sign that the internal itch disease 
is already fully developed. The itch vesicles that now appear, 
are hence no mere local malady, but a proof of the completion of 
the internal disease." 

This is much like the theory of chronic diseases propounded 
twelve years later. 

Hahnemann found that the non-venereal chronic diseases, after 
being for a time removed by the Homoeopathic remedies, often 
reappeared in a more or less modified form. He says of this: 

" The constant repetition of the fact that the non venereal 
chronic diseases, even after having been repeatedly relieved by 
the then known Homoeopathic remedies, persistently reappeared 
in more or less modified form, yea, every year adding new 
symptoms, gave me the first intimation that the physician had 
not alone to contend with the phenomena which constituted the 
appreciable manifestations of disease, and that such phenomena 
were not to be regarded or treated as independent diseases. Had 
it been otherwise they would promptly and permanently have 
been cured by the Homoeopathic remedies, which, however, was 
not the case. 

" It was evident that the physician had to deal with a deep- 
seated primary evil, the great extent of which was made mani- 
fest by the new conditions which from time to time were developed. 

" It was also evident that if he treated such conditions as sepa- 
rate and independent diseases, as hitherto taught, he dared not 
hope to so permanently cure them as to prevent their reappear- 
ance, either in their original form, or with new and more dis- 
tressing symptoms; therefore, it became evident that the physi- 
cian must know every symptom and condition of this obscure 
primary evil before he could hope to discover one or more funda- 
mental remedies whose symptoms cover the totality of the 
symptoms of the primary affection, and through which he might 
compass the disease as a whole as well as its individual symp- 
toms, thus radically curing and removing every portion thereof. 

* "Lesser Writings," New York, p. 649. 


"That, however, this primary aflfection must also be of a mias- 
matic chronic nature appeared to me quite evident, in that as 
soon as it had reached a certain height and development neither 
the most robust constitution nor yet the best regulated diet and 
mode of life proved sufficient to overcome it; nor did it ever 
cease of itself. On the contrary, its symptoms changed and 
became more serious from year to year to the end of life. 

"This holds true of every chronic miasmatic disease, for 
instance syphilis, which, when the chancre has not been cured 
by its specific, Mercury, never becomes extinct of itself, but 
(despite the best mode of life and the most robust constitution) 
each year develops new and worse symptoms until the end of life. 

' 'Thus far had I gone in my investigations and observations upon 
(non-venereal) chronic patients when I observed that the hind- 
rance to the cure of these (seemingly independent) varied forms 
of disease by. the best proved Homoeopathic remedies in most cases 
lay in the fact of a pre-existent itch eruption. All the sufferings 
usually arose subsequent to such time. In those chronic patients 
who would not confess to such infection, or who through inat- 
tention had failed to observe it, or could not recollect the fact, 
careful inquiries usually disclosed the existence of vestiges of 
the itch (single itch vesicles, herpes, etc.), which from time to 
time gave unmistakable evidence of such pre existent infection." 



This latent taint in the system preventing the cure of certain 
diseases Hahnemann named /'j-<7r«. He considered it communi- 
cable from one person to another, and called it " a sort of internal 
itch." He further said that there were certain long-acting reme- 
dies that were peculiarly adapted to the eradication of this subtle 
poison from the sj^stem, and that until it was removed there 
could be no permanent return to health. To these remedies he 
gave the name of antipsorics. According to Hahnemann's theory 
there are three causes producing diseases of long standing, or 
chronic, and which can not be relieved by the vis viedicaMx 
natiircB, or by the means used in curing acute diseases. To these 


causes he gave the names: Psora, Syphilis and Sycosis. These 
may exist alone or become combined in the system, and are 
characterized by certain groups of symptoms. A full elucida- 
tion of this doctrine may be found in Volume I. of the " Chronic 

It has been said that Hahnemann was the inventor of the 
"itch theory," so-called. This is not true, nor did he ever 
lay claim to be its discoverer. He says:* "Careful observa- 
tions, comparisons and experiments during these latter years 
have taught me that these exceedingly varied sufferings of body 
and mind in the different patients are (provided they do not 
belong to the venereal diseases, syphilis or sycosis) but partial 
manifestations of this ancient chronic lepra and itch miasm; 
that is, they are but offspring of one and the same primitive evil, 
and though manifesting almost numberless symptoms, must be 
viewed as but parts of one and the same disease and treated 

" Psora is the oldest, most universal and most pernicious, yet, 
withal, the most misunderstood chronic miasmatic disease, which 
for thousands of years has disfigured and tortured mankind. 

" In the thousands of years since it first visited mankind (the 
most ancient history of the oldest nations does not reach its 
origin) it has increased its manifestations to such a degree that 
its secondary symptoms can scarcely be numbered. 

" The most ancient historical writings which we possess de- 
scribe psora very fully. Several varieties thereof were described 
by Moses 3,400 years ago. At that time, however, and ever 
since, among the Israelites, psora appears to have affected more 
especially the external parts of the body. 

" The same holds true among the early barbaric Greeks; later, 
in like manner, among the Arabians, and finally in the uncivil- 
ized Europe of the middle ages. It is not my object to detail 
the different names by which the various nations have designated 
the more or less severe forms of disease through which leprosy 
marred the external parts of the body (external symptoms of 
psora). Such names have no bearing upon the subject, as the 
essence of this miasmatic itch -disease remains always the same. 

*"Die chronischen Krankheiten, ihre eigenthumliche Natur und homo- 
opathische Heilung." 1835. Vol. i., pp. 10-12. Dr. Korndoerfer's traus- 


" In Europe during several centuries of the middle ages psora 
manifested itself in the form of a malignant erysipelas (St. 
Anthony's Fire). In the 13th century it again assumed the form 
of leprosy, brought by the returning Crusaders from the East, 
lycprosy was thus more than ever before spread through liurope 
(in the year 1226 there were in France about 2,000 leper-houses); 
nevertheless some alleviation of its horrible cutaneous symptoms 
was found through the means of cleanliness which the Crusaders 
also brought from the East; aids to cleanliness theretofore un- 
known in Europe, (cotton, linen) shirts, as well as the frequent 
use of warm baths. These means in conjunction with increasing 
education, better selected diet and improved mode of living suc- 
ceeded in a couple of centuries in so diminishing the external 
hideousness of psora that towards the close of the 15th century 
it manifested itself only in the ordinary itch eruption." 

Hahnemann then quotes from about a hundred Allopathic 
authorities who believed in the truth of this psoric or itch theory, 
and gives from their writings illustrations of cases of various 
chronic diseases resulting from suppressed eruptions. 

Hahnemann undoubtedly uses the word itch to designate very 
many forms of skin disease. He says: " I call it psora with the 
view of giving it a general designation. I am persuaded that 
not only are the majority of the innumerable skin diseases which 
have been described and distinguished by Willan, but also al- 
most all the pseudo-organizations, with few exceptions, merely 
the products of the multiform psora." 

Hoffmann taught this theory before Hahnemann was born. 
Schoenlein, of Berlin, in a lecture said: *"It was remarkably 
impudent of Hahnemann to pretend that he was the first to point 
out the consequences of the itch. I have no doubt whatever 
about the existence of the consequences of the itch." 

Dr. C. G. Raue, in a lecture delivered before the students of 
Hahnemann Medical College, of Philadelphia, said in relation to 
this subject: t"It seems, then, that the detection of the itch- 
insect by Bonomo in 1683 has, after all, nothing to do with 
Hahnemann's psora theory. This has its foundation deeper laid 
than the itch-insect will ever dig; and, as Hahnemann probably 

*Henderson's "Homoeopathy Fairly Represented," p. 169. Philadel- 
phia, 1854. Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. ii, p. 316. 

■\Med. Institute, Philadelphia, December, 1886, p. 121. 


knew of this little animal, it does not seem to have disturbed 
him much in his eleven years' work to find those grand remedies 
which we are still necessitated to employ against those deep 
seated, chronic ailments, the nature of which he designated by 
the term 'Psora,' 'that most ancient, most common, most ruin- 
ous and yet most misapprehended disease, of a chronic mias- 
matic nature, which has deformed and tortured mankind since 
thousands of years, and which, in the last centuries, has become 
the mother of the thousands of diverse chronic (or acute) com- 
plaints under which the civilized world now is suffering.' 

" Does this sound as though it meant only the acarus itch ? In 
order to be sure of it read the testimony of the hundreds of 
physicians, which Hahnemann quotes ('Chronic Diseases,' pp. 
22-40) in order to show the pernicious effects which these phy- 
sicians had observed in consequence of the suppression of all 
kinds of cutaneous eruptions. This oldest and commonest source 
of diseases had to have a name, and Psora was as good a name 
as Eczema, Impetigo, Prurigo, or any other. It is just as true 
to-day that a suppression of cutaneous eruptions of various kinds 
will be followed by disastrous consequences upon the general 
system, as it was when Hahnemann and others observed it ; and 
it is either ignorance or self-conceit that picks at a name with- 
out weighing its full meaning, or the vanity of scientific dudes 
who like to be seen among the fashionables." 



The following letter to Stapf, written just previous to the 
publication of the book on "Chronic Diseases," is of interest: * 

''Coethen, Sept. 6, 182'j. 
' ' Dear Doctor : 

" Your impatient vehemence is no doubt owing to your praise- 
worthy thirst for knowledge, but as regards its object it must be 
considered a slight mistake on your part. I have only written 
one clean transcript of the symptoms of the antipsorics, and it is 

* Horn. World, Vol. xxiv, p. 490. "Annals Brit. Horn. Society," "Vol. ii, 
p. 74- 


in daily use; it is, therefore, impossible for me to communicate 
them to you. 

" You cannot possibly be serious in expecting me to prescribe 
a treatment for the pathological names you mention. But if 
you will sometimes communicate to me the symptoms of disease, 
then if my limited time and my remaining vital powers will al- 
low I shall be happy to advise you. 

" I have cause to be thankful that you do not need to regard 
chronic diseases as paradoxes or inexplicable phenomena, the 
nature of which is hidden in impenetrable obscurity. You 
possess now the solution of the riddle why neither Niix, nor 
Pulsatilla, nor Ignatia, etc., will or can do good, while yet the 
Homoeopathic principle is inexpugnable. 

"You are now acquainted with the estimable remedies, you 
have them and can employ them, empirically at least, for you 
know even what doses to give them in. Just imagine what 
sacrifices it has cost me to carry out to the end this investigation 
for the benefit of yourself and the whole medical world. I can- 
not do more until my book appears, and it still demands an 
amount of work which is almost too much for my vital powers. 
Be reasonable, therefore, and do what you can with your anti- 
psorics. Even after I had them I did not at first know what 
they would do. You may, whilst using them, make excellent 
observations on their peculiar effects and gain much knowledge 
respecting them, as also by the many splendid cures you may 
perform with them, as you have only six or eight medicines to 
choose from, and not from the whole Materia Medica. 

"You and Gross are the only ones to whom I have revealed 
this matter. Just think what a start you have in advance of all 
the other physicians in the world. At least a year will elapse 
before the others get my book; they will then require more than 
half a year to recover from the fright and astonishment at the 
monstrous, unheard of thing, perhaps another half year before 
they believe it, at all events before they provide themselves with 
the medicines, and they will not be able to get them properly 
unless they prepare them themselves. 

"Then it is doubtful whether they will accept the smallness 
of the doses, and wait the long time they ought to allow each 
dose to act. Hence, three years from this time must elapse be- 
fore they are able to do anything useful with them. 


" So please have patience with me and excuse me for not being 
able to put my book into yovir hands just yet, and try and do as 
much good as you can with what you know and have." 

In the same letter, referring to the action of these remedied, 
he says: "Deafness and catarrh are such local affections that 
no medicines can be given with success for them until the 
general health has been perfectly restored by antipsorics." 

Hahnemann, in a letter dated January 14, 1828, also to Stapf, 
mentions the fact that he is not of a psoric temperament. He 
' ' Dear Doctor : 

" I lately heard through Von Hayn that you had been laid up 
with sickness, and now I am glad to see again a letter in your 
handwriting. You also are, alas ! psoric, and my book, the first 
small part of which will soon be published by Arnold, will, as soon 
as the second part (the antipsoric remedies) is printed and in your 
hands (I sent the MSS. to the printer in Berlin on the 12th of 
January), teach you how you can gradually expel this insidious 
dyscrasia from your body. 

"I myself was never psoric, and hence, by comparing myself 
with psoric persons, could best demonstrate the difference. I 
ought to have done this in my book, but, alas! I either forgot to 
do so, or probably did not do it because I did not like to talk 
about myself."* 

Hahnemann also mentions this fact about himself in the second 
edition of the " Chronic Diseases." It may be found as a note 
on page 57 of the German edition and on page 63 of the American 
translation. t 

He says: " It was easier for me than for many hundred others 
to discover and discern the signs of psora, both those still slum- 
bering and latent in the interior and those roused up out of the 
interior into serious chronic diseases, by careful comparison 
of the state of health of all affected with it with myself, because 
I, as is rarely the case, was never psoric, and hence, from my 
birth till now, when I am in my eightieth year, I have always 
remained completely exempt from all the ailments (great and 
small) described here and further on, though I am otherwise 

*Honi. World, Vol. xxiv., p. 493. "Anuals British Horn. Society," Vol. 
ii., p. 149. 

t" Hahnemann's Chronic Diseases. " New York. Radde. 1845. P. 63. 


very susceptible to acute epidemic diseases, and although I 
have undergone much mental labor and thousands of emotional 

Another letter to Stapf, dated Februiry 23, 1828, also relates 
to the new psoric doctrine: * 
' ' Dear Colleague : 

"I was very sorry for you when I first heard from Dr. Rummel 
the sad account of the illness of your wife, and I now rejoice 
with you that it has yielded so happily and quickly to the true 
healing art. 

" This was an example of the by no means rare explosions 
and sudden outbursts of the internal psora. These are always 
quite sudden illnesses, the cause of which {catisa occasionalis): a 
chill, a fright, a vexation, &c., is often very insignificant. They 
only come singly. Therefore I consider all maladies that occur 
epidemically and sporadically as belonging to this class. 

" Those single outbursts of the internal latent psora, which 
I have not sufficiently described in my book (which may easily 
happen in the first edition of a book), after their speedy defer- 
vescence or rapid cure by proper means, allow the previously 
latent psora to return to its latent state — as we often see in the 
case of poor people that a sudden inflammatory swelling in some 
part, a sore throat, an ophthalmia, an erysipelas, or other acute 
febrile disease (pleurisy, etc.), comes on in a threatening manner, 
but if it does not kill the patient, often subsides by the help of 
nature (frequently by the formation of an abscess), and then the 
stream that had overflowed its banks returns to its bed; i. (?.,the 
psora again becomes latent, but with an increased disposition to 
repeat these or similar explosions. 

" But among the well-to-do classes, who immediately resort to 
the Allopathic physician, such sudden illness generally goes on 
to the full development of the psora, and to a palpable progress- 
ive chronic disease. 

" It ought not to cause astonishment that for such very acute 
outbursts of latent psora the antipsoric remedies are not suitable, 
therefore, that spirit, vini sidphuratus (or even Graphites, which 
is such an excellent Homoeopathic remedy for erysipelas of the 
face) was not suitable in the face-erysipelas fever of your wife. 

*Hom. World, Vol, xxiv., p. 495. "Annals Brit. Honi. Society," Vol. ii., 
p. 151. 



These remedies are appropriate for the slow, radical cure of the 
ca7isa prima of the face-erysipelas. Now the iinantipsoric 
remedies (like J^/ius tox. in your case), which correspond to the 
present transient morbid picture, are the appropriate medicines; 
they can quickly quell the existing acute explosion, so that the 
condition calms down again into latent psora, to which these 
remedies have little or no affinity. 

"To remove the tendency to such outbursts (dangerous sore 
throat, pneumonia, ophthalmia, typhus fever, erysipelas, etc.); 
that is, to effect a radical cure of the psora, requires the slow 
specific action of the antipsoric remedies — in the case of your 
wife, among other medicines, also Gr'aphites, as you must give 
Sulphur soon again. 

" If my discovery is well founded, as it certainly is, without 
any exception, I shall be curious to see what the adherents ol 
the Allopathic school, who, up till now, have boasted of being 
sole proprietors of rationality in the medical art, and who as- 
serted that they alone practiced and practice causal treatment 
(see Hufeland) will say — they must adduce histar omnium, their 
emetics in overloaded stomachs, which we do not envy them. 
With the exception of the employment of Mercury in syphilis, 
what causal treatment in the endless array of chronic diseases 
can they lay claim to, seeing that they do not know the cause? 

"Von GersdorfF already suspected the heredity of psora, and 
I think I confuted him. Please to ask him for me to send you 
copies of the passages on the subject in my letters to him. He 
will be happy to do so. I do not quite remember what I wrote. 

"I had hoped to have seen you and Gross this spring, but I 
regret the weather will prevent Gross coming. I must hope for 
another opportunity. 


"Sam. Hahnemann." 

In connection with the psora theory is the following opinion 
expressed by Hahnemann regarding vaccination. In writing to 
Dr. Schreeter, of Lemberg, on December 19, 1831, he says:* 
"In order to provide the dear little Patty with the protective 
cow pox, the safest plan would certainly be to obtain the lymph 
direct from the cow; but if this cannot be done (children are also 

*Stapf's "Archiv., " Vol. xxiii., pt. 3, p. 103. Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. 
vi., p. 415. 


made more ill by it, than from the matter obtained from human 
beings), I would advise you to inoculate another child with the 
protective pox, and as soon as slight redness of the punctures 
shows it has taken, I would immediately for two successive days 
give Sulphur 1-30, and inoculate your child from the pock that 
it produced. As far as I have been able to ascertain, a child 
cannot communicate psora whilst under the action of Sulphur. " 
Dr. Schreeter in a note to this letter says that he has found 
this advice to be true and has acted upon it in vaccination with 
good results. 



Hahnemann' shook on the cause and proper treatment of chronic 
diseases has been a source of much discussion and controversy 
among the members of the Homoeopathic school, and of much 
ridicule from the members of the self called rational, or Allo- 
pathic school. The book is readily to be procured. To an un- 
biased mind it is evident that the term itch was used to designate 
all sorts of diseases of the skin. 

Again, it has been said that Hahnemann did not know that 
there was an acarus saibei, or itch-insect. The truth is, he did 
know all about it years before he propounded his theory of 
chronic disease. 

Ameke says: *" Did Hahnemann know the existence of the 
itch-insect, and at what period did he become acquainted with 
it? In his translation of "Monro's Materia Medica," 1791, 
Hahnemann says in a foot-note (11, 49): 'If, in a recent case of 
itch, we make the patient wash himself several times daily with 
a saturated solution of sulphuretted hydrogen, and get his linen 
dipped in the same solution, the affection disappears in a few 
days and does not return except with reinfection. But would 
it not return if it was caused by acridity of the humors? I 
have often observed this, and agree with those who attribute the 
disease to a living cause. All insects (among which the itch- 
mite was at that time included) and worms are killed by sul- 
phuretted hydrogen.' 

*Ameke. "History of Homoeopathy," p. 72. 


"Further on in this work in another note (ir, 441) he main- 
tains that itch is a 'living eruption.' " 

In a German daily newspaper, called The Advertiser {Der An- 
zeiger, ein Tageblatt zzmi Behuf der Jiistiz, der Polizei jmd aller 
burgerlichen Gewerbe), of July 30 and 31, 1792, appeared the 
following article, signed only by the initial "B:"* 

"The itch itself does not consist of emanations or of con- 
genital or acquired acridites, of a salt or acid character of the 
blood, but it is derived from small living insects or mites, which 
take up their abode in our bodies beneath the epidermis, grow 
there and increase largely, and by their irritation or their creep- 
ing about cause an itching; and owing to the affiux of humors 
thereby produced give rise to a multitude of vesicles, which, on 
being rubbed, or when the thin, watery fluid they contain has 
evaporated become covered with scabs. This is not an opinion 
adopted in order to get rid of a difficulty, but it is based on ex- 

"August Hauptman, Bonomo, Schwiebe, and other trustworthy 
men, have frequently investigated the matter at various seasons 
of the year, in individuals of different ages and sexes, who have 
been laboring under itch, and have found these little animals 
in the skin itself, in the folds of the skin, but especially in the 
border surrounding the vesicles. 

"They have extracted them, examined them under the micro- 
scope, made drawings of them, and observed how they lay their 
eggs, increase rapidly and enormously, and have found that they 
can live several days out of the human body." 

The mode of infection is also described, and the use of Sulphur 
a teaspoonful morning and evening, as a cure. 

Immediately after this is the following: "Addendum," 
by Hahnemann: "The cause of itch given above is the only 
true one, the only one that is founded upon experience. These 
exceedingly small animals are a kind of mite. Wichmann has 
given a drawing of them; Dover, Legazi and others have ob- 
served them. lyinnseus, however, thinks that the dry itch has 
a different variety of mite from that attending the moist itch. 

"The itch attacks most readily and most virulently persons in 
whom the cutaneous transpiration is scanty or weakened, who 
lead a sedentary life; also delicate individuals, who have been 

*Hirschel's Horn. Klinik, Sept. i, 1863. Brit. Jl. Horn., Vol. xxi, p. 670. 


weakened b}- other diseases, such as fevers, etc., or by residence 
in impure air. 

"The mode of treatment described above is also right and suc- 
cessful, except that the continued use of Flowers of Sulphur has 
a tendency to cause tenesmus and hemorrhoids. Only external 
anti-scabious remedies are required, and in very weakly subjects, 
internal, strengthening medicines, such as Chhia, wine, steel 

''Sulphur ointmeyit has the common but unfounded reputation 
of driving the itch back into the system. This prejudice will, 
however, be removed if instead of ointment we employ only a 
lotion, which eradicates the itch much more effectually and kills 
the small insects in the skin in a few days. Take half an ounce 
of (Hahnemann's) chalk-like Liver of Sulphur, in powder (every 
chemist knows how to prepare it with equal parts of oyster shells 
and Sulphur heated to redness), and the same quantity of Cream 
of Tartar, put both into a glass bottle, pour two pounds of cold 
water on them, and shake a few times. With the clear water 
that appears when the mixture settles the patient is to wash 
himself three times a day on all the spots affected with the itch. 

"A recent case of itch under this treatment disappears with- 
out the least bad consequences in the course of six or seven days, 
a more severe case in fourteen days, and the most obstinate case 
in three weeks. 

"This remedy has this advantage, that having a very penetrat- 
ing odor the itch mites in the skin and clothes are killed by the 
mere exhalation from the parts washed, and then all danger of 
reinfection is avoided. 

" In orphan asylums there is no remedy to be compared with 
it, because it protects beds, rooms and furniture, by its strong 
smell, from becoming a harbor for the itch-mites, and thus eradi- 
cates in a short time, in such houses, this pest, otherwise so 
difficult to be got rid of. This the Sulphur ointment can hardly 
effect. Cleanliness, fresh air and wholesome diet must be im- 
peratively enjoined on the patient. 

"Dr. Samuel Hahnemann." 

Volume I of the " Chronic Diseases" is devoted to the follow- 
ing essays: On the Nature of Chronic Diseases; on Sycosis; 
Syphilis; Psora. Directions are also given for the preparation of 


Homoeopathic medicines. The remaining three volumes are de- 
voted to the provings of the antipsoric remedies. 

As has been stated, the first edition of the ' ' Chronic Diseases ' ' 
was published in 1828-30 in four volumes. 

A second edition was issued from 1835-39, ^^ five volumes, by 
Schaub, at Dusseldorf. Only two German editions were ever 
published. In 1832 the book was translated into French by 
Jourdan and published in Paris. There were also two other 
French editions published. Geddes M. Scott, of Glasgow, in 
1842, published an English translation. In 1849 it was published 
in Madrid in Spanish. In 1846 an English translation was made 
by Dr. C J. Hempel, from the second edition, and published in 
five volumes by Radde, in New York. A new translation is 
now (1894) being made by Rev. L,. H. Tafel, under the auspices 
of Messrs. Boericke & Tafel. 

On February 23, 1828, Hahnemann, in a letter to Stapf, com- 
plains of the delay of Arnold, his old publisher, in printing the 
book on chronic diseases, as follows:* 

"It is a pity that the printing of this second part does not go 

on more quickly, in spite of my earnest request. Besides the 

. commencement (directions for preparing the antipsoric medicine) 

which Gross got from me, and will send to you, I have only as 

yet received three proof sheets from the printer." 

Dr. Dudgeon says of this letter: "This does not seem to have 
been the only time Hahnemann had to complain of the dilatori- 
ness of his publisher, for in a note to the first page of the preface 
to the second edition of the third part of his "Chronic Dis- 
eases," published in 1837, he complains that Arnold took two 
whole years to set up thirty six sheets of the two first parts of 
the same edition. He evidently lost patience with Arnold, or 
perhaps Arnold then failed, as we learn he did in one of the 
subsequent letters, for the subsequent parts of the ' Chronic 
Diseases' were published by Schaub, of Dusseldorf." 

On his birthday Hahnemann writes to his old pupil Stapf the 
following kindly letter: f 

" Coethen, April 10, 1828. 
' ' Dear Colleague : 

"I thank you for your well-meant, good wishes on the occa- 

*Hom. World, Vol. xxiv, p. 496. 

\Hom. World, Vol. xxiv, p. 500. "Annals Brit. Horn. Society," Vol. ii, 
P- 249- 


sion of my seventy fourth birthday, and at the same time I this 
day have a lively pleasure in the action and zealous help which 
your unwearying enthusiasm has up till now contributed to the 
development and establishment of the beneficent art, which I 
can truly say was revealed to me by God, and I can acknowledge 
it with emotion and thankfulness. 

"I can with confidence affirm that you also share this beauti- 
ful self-consciousness, and that the sublime art itself will cheer 
and render happy the days of the lives of yourself and your dear 

"Is there any greater happiness than in doing good? 

"When, too, we leave this earth the great, the only, the in- 
finite Being, who promotes the happiness of all creatures, will 
direct us how to come nearer to His perfection and blessedness by 
further acts of beneficence, and how to become more like Him 
through all .eternity. 

"I must not write more to-day, but I hope to see you very 
soon here, in the company of your two dear ones, and with the 
most cordial greeting from my family, I am, yours very truly, 

"Samuel Hahnemann." 







Up to the year 1821, Hahnemann had made his triturations 
in porcelain mortars with sugar of milk, but the capsules for the 
patient he filled with pulverized oyster shell, adding to it the 
necessary amount of the trituration. x\t that time pure white 
milk sugar was an expensive and rare article, for its chief source 
of supply, Switzerland, made and exported only small amounts. 
It became the first care of our people at Leipsic to secure it in 
larger amounts and of better quality, for, like Hahnemann, they 
were obliged to prepare all their medicines. The porcelain mor- 
tars used were soon replaced by better ones of marble. About 


this time Hofrath Henecke, of Gotha, the editor of Wio. Reichan- 
zeiger, and a good friend of Hahnemann, suggested Homoeopathic 
family medicine cases. 

At first there was also a scarcity of proper glassware for the 
very tiny vials. Goose quills had been commonly used in pri- 
vate practice to contain the medicines. Bohemia soon supplied 
its glass. From the globules all starch was removed to prevent 
discoloration and crumbling, and they were made of different 
sizes. As early as 1828, fine pocket cases were for sale, chiefly 
made by L,appe, an apothecary of Neudietendorf, of whom 
Hahnemann was in the habit of ordering several remedies. 
Christian Ernest Otto, of Roetha, near Leipsic, was the first to 
establish a regular Homceopathic pharmacy. * 

In Xho^ Archives of Homceopathic Medicine for 1829, M. Korsa- 
koff, a Russian gentleman, addressed a letter to Hahnemann in 
which he recommends the use of little tubes or vials, for holding 
the Homoeopathic globules. He suggests that the pills should 
be placed in the vial and two or three drops of the medicinal di- 
lution be poured over them and that they then be shaken 

Hahnemann in an answer published in the same journal, ap- 
proves of this method, but advises that the pills be not shaken, 
but stirred with a glass pin until dried, adding that the evapor- 
ation will not effect the medicinal powers. This answer can also 
be found in the " Lesser Writings. " 

Dudgeon says : " Korsakoff was the real original inventor of 
the high potencies. " f 

Hahnemann said that his experiments were of great value as 
illustrating the extreme divisibility to which the Homoeopathic 
medicines could be brought, but advised some limit. In a letter 
to Dr. Schreeter, dated September 13, 1829, he says •.% " There 
must be some limit to the thing, it cannot go on to infinity. By 
laying it down as a rule that all Homoeopathic medicines be di- 
luted and potentized up to thirty, we have a uniform mode of 
procedure in the treatment of all Homoeopathists, and when 

* Translated by Dr. H. R. Arudt from Kleinert's " Geschichte der Ho- 
moopathie, " p. 155. Med. Counselor, Vol. xi., p. 312. 

t Dudgeon's "Lectures on Homoeopathy, " p. 351. Archiv fur die horn. 
Heilkunst, Vol. viii, pt. 2, p. 161. " Desser Writings, " New York, p. 735. 

% British Journal of Homoeopathy, Vol. v., p. 398. Dudgeon's translation 
of "Organon," 1893, p. 303. 


they describe a cure we can repeat it as they do, and we operate 
with the same tools. " 

Dudgeon says that the introduction of sugar globules into 
Homoeopathic practice by Hahnemann dates from about the 
year 1813, and refers to a note made by Hahnemann to para- 
graph 288 of the fifth edition of the " Organon, " viz: * "A glo- 
bule impregnated with the thirtieth potentized dilution and then 
dried, retains for this purpose all its power undiminished for at 
least eighteen or twenty years (my experience extends that 
length of time,) even though the vial be opened a thousand 
times during that period, if it be but protected from the heat 
and sun's light. " 

Some notion of Hahnemann's ideas regarding the practice of 
medicine at this period of his life may be obtained from the fol- 
lowing letter to Dr. Schreeter : f 

" Coethen, June ip, 1826. 
" Dear Colleague : 

" I thank you, your dear sister and your friends for your re- 
membrance of my birthday. I see from that the interest you 
take in me and in our good cause. I thank you also for your 
news about yourself and your pleasing family affairs. I learned 
from that your juvenile age, and can now easily understand how 
it is that you have gone on so rapidly with the antipsoric treat- 

" Your want of success in the cases you have recorded is cer- 
tainly owing to the rapid change of the remedies, the often un- 
fitting dynamization and dilution and the too large doses. 
Once you have spoilt matters with these three faults for about 
four weeks, it is very difficult to set them right again. My ad- 
vice is that you abide rigorously by the precepts contained in 
my book on " Chronic Diseases ; " and, if possible, go still fur- 
ther than I have done, in allowing a still longer period for the 
antipsoric remedies to exhaust their action, in administering 
still smaller doses than I have advi.sed, and in dynamising all 
antipsoric medicines up to 30. ( You appear not to possess 
them all yet.) 


■'^Dudgeon's " Organon, " p. 197. 

^ British Journal of Homoeopathy, Vo\. v, p. 397. Stapf s yi?;rA/r', Vol. 
xxiii., pt. 2, p. 179. 


"You should also, seeing that you can have no great need of 
mone}', living with your parents, make your visits to your 
patients rarer; keep up your dignity, and more frequently with- 
draw your attendance on patients who do not show sufiicient 
confidence in you, if they do not show more respect for you and 
your art. 

"You should never allow yourself to be dismissed, but when- 
ever a patient does not do exactly as you desire, or ceases to talk 
in becoming terms, you should at once take leave of him; ' You 
don't act as I wish, but do so and so against my orders; employ 
whom you will, I will have nothing more to do with you;' and 
this do to one after another; to all who even speak of Homoe- 
opathy in a doubting tone, or do anything else unbecoming, be 
off at once. This would at first deprive you of a few patients 
who are of no importance, but in course of time, if you persist 
in your authoritative manner, you will be respected and sought 
after, and none will dare to use any liberties with you. It is 
better to be without patients, and devote yourself to study, keep- 
ing up your dignity, than to stand in such a relation with 

" The latter should thank God if you deign to accept them 
and treat them on your excellent system, and they must be con- 
tent to be reproached by you for the senseless manner in which 
they had allowed themselves to be injured by the Allopaths, so 
that you could scarcely hope to effect a cure of such ruined con- 
stitutions. If any of your patients is not entirely submissive 
dismiss him summarily, even though by such conduct you should 
only retain two, or one single patient, or should be left without 
any. They would return by degrees, with more respect, sub- 
missiveness and humility, and more disposed to pay well. 

"Do you not make the patient affected with chronic diseases, 
who can walk, come to j-our house? Who could submit to the 
degradation of visiting a patient who had gone out in the mean- 
time and allowed you to come in vain? The chronic patients 
you must make visit you, even the highest among them; and if 
they won't come, let them stay away. You must take a higher 
standing. Rather suffer penury, which you are not likely to do, 
than abate one jot of your own dignity, or that of the art you 
practice." ^ >i< ^ >i< ^ * 

In another letter written later in the same year, to one Dr. 


Ehrhardt, of Merseberg, Hahnemann says: *" You are much too 
timid, much too obsequious to 3'our patients, like the Allopaths, 
who are glad if they can only keep their patients as their clients. 
It should not be so. If you are perfectly conversant with your 
art you must command absolutely — not allow your patient to 
make conditions. 

"He must obey you, not you him. To this end, in order that 
you may be perfectly free, you must limit your expenses at first, 
in order that you may not experience want, even though but few 
patients should seek your advice. You will be able to cure 
those few patients all the better and more certainly if you devote 
the necessary care to their cases, and you will have time for 
study. For we Homoeopathists can not go too deep into our art. 

"But if we have made ourselves masters of it, then may, then 
must we, indeed, comport ourselves with dignity. In order to 
spare our precious time and to keep up our dignity we must 
not pay visits to anj^ patient with a chronic disease, were he 
even a prince, if he is able to come to us. We must only visit 
acute cases and such as are confined to bed. Those who are 
able to go about, but will not come to your house for advice, 
may stay away, it must not be otherwise. Anything like run- 
ning after patients, as the Allopaths do, is degrading. You go 
to visit your patient, the servant maid tells you he is not at home, 
he is at the theatre, has gone out for a drive, etc. Pah ! You 
must go on to a second or a third, like an Allopath or a beggar. 
Fie on it ! 

"Further, every time the patient comes to see you, you must 
make him pay you your fee for your trouble at once; it may be 
one or two shillings only from poor people, from rich ones as 
many crowns. If you make that arrangement and everyone 
knows of it, then your patient will always have his money with 
him; and if he does not come any more he may stay away. If, 
however, he have not got the money with him you may put off 
the consultation for an hour or two, so as to give him time to go 
and get it and bring you the remuneration for your trouble. 

" Money gives courage, even though it be not a large sum; if 
I have got what is due in my pocket, then I feel that I am not 
working for nothing, that I am not dependent on every one's 

favor, and fearful lest I may not be paid. How does Mr. , 

the privy councillor pay you ? I imagine the greater part ot 
your fees is on credit, and hereafter when you remind him of 

*Brit. Jl. Horn., Vol. xi., p. 70. Allg. Hotn. Zeitung, Vol. xliv., p. 38. 


payment, you will get no very kind looks, some reproaches, and 
probabl}^ no payment. 

"Under such circumstances it is impossible to be in good 
spirits. After the treatment is over he will have forgotten 
all the trouble you have had with him. The world is ungrate- 
ful ! Rich patients also should pay at each consultation im- 
mediately, or once a month; otherwise they might go away with- 
out paying. If you do not manage matters in this way, then 
you will be worse off than the most abject wretch. I said that 
you were timid. Running about paying visits takes away one's 
courage and makes one timid. 

" From timidity, for fear you should lose him, you have given 

Mr. far too much medicine, and that far too frequently, 

thereby you do not improve him, you make him worse, you will 
never succeed in retaining this patient. He cannot be restored 
quickly, he must have patience for years to come, and that he 
will not have, worried, tormented and rendered impatient, as he 
has been by Allopaths and apothecaries. 

"It is to be supposed that Homoeopathy can perform miracles, 
but it cannot do that, least of all where the patient is not quite a 
convert to our system, nor so conversant with it as to presume 
that beyond our art there is no cure for him. Entirely unac- 
quainted as this gentleman is with our art, he will be unable to 
withstand the persuasions of his Allopathic friends to give up, 
and to allow himself to be done to death in some bathing place 
by doctors of the old school. 

" I tell you again you will not be able to prevent this. Even 
had he implicit confidence, which he has not, you would not be 
able to restore him in less than a year. So I advise you to 
get rid of him and not to take any more such difl&cult cases 
among persons of rank until you can assert your dignity and 
ensure obedience to your absolute commands, which must be un- 
questioningly obeyed. So the gentleman wants to make it a con- 
dition that he shall drink wine and coffee! For God's sake let 
him take himself off, he will do you no credit ! 

"All my patients of rank affected with chronic diseases must 
have read the 'Organon' and Boenninghausen's 'Homoe- 
opathy,' otherwise I will not undertake their treatment. 
"Yours sincerely, 

' ' Samuel Hahnemann. 

" Coethen, August 24., 18 2 p." 




The fiftieth anniversary of Hahnemann's graduation in medi- 
cine at the University of Erlangen was now approaching. For 
half a century he had been devoting his life and talents to the 
good of suffering humanity, and his followers in all parts of the 
world determined to celebrate in a proper manner this day of 
honor to the beneficent old man. For several months before 
his friends had been preparing this surprise. Contributions had 
been solicited, letters written to Homoeopaths in other countries, 
and every effort made to fittingly commemorate the event. 

Previous to this time there had been no very satisfactory pic- 
tures of Hahnemann. The editions of " The Organon " of 1819, 
1824 and 1829 each contained a half length engraving, drawn 
by Junge and engraved by Stolzel, in which he is represented 
sitting with a pen in hand. 

Callisen in his Lexicon* mentions these pictures, and a quarto 
lithograph by Fr. Jos. V. A. Broussais, in Froriep's Notiz. aus 
der Natur U7id Heilkunst, vol. iv., 1825, No. 12. (No. 78.) It is 
probable that there were no other pictures of the reformer. 

While planning the Fest-Jubilee his friends wished a reliable 
portrait and medal of himself to present to him upon that occa- 
sion, and the difficulty was to get him to sit without letting him 
suspect the object. Dr. Rummel was intrusted with this task, 
and he succeeded in representing to him that the portraits 
hitherto published of him were incorrect and that some of his 
admirers wished greatly to have a portrait of him that would be 
a good likeness. 

If the picture from which the former engraving had been taken 
was a good likeness (they knew it was not), a new engraving 
might be taken from it; but if it was not, he was told that funds 
for a new portrait had already been subscribed, and he was re- 
quested to give sittings to their artist. A similar story was in- 
vented in reference to the medal. 

Medicinisches vSchriftsteller-Lexicou." Copenhagen, 1831. 


The celebrated portrait painter Schoppe was engaged for the 
painting, and a young medallist named Dietrich was requested 
to execute the medal. 

The letters which follow are from Hahnemann to Rummel 
upon this subject, and are interesting exponents of Hahne- 
mann's mind about the matter. Rummel published them in 1852 
in the Zeitung, and they were translated into the British Journal 
of Homoeopathy . * 

*' Dear Colleague: 

" Your united desire to possess a counterfeit resemblance of my 
face which shall be a better likeness than the copper-plate and 
lithographic engravings that have hitherto appeared does 
honor to your partiality towards me, and cannot be otherwise 
than flattering to me, but it cannot be fulfilled by your proposi- 
tion; what you miss in the copy is absent also in the painting, 
sufficient resemblance. I am not indeed as vain as Alexander, 
the conqueror of the world, qtd 7iec pingi, 7iisi ab Apelle, necfingt 
volebat nisi a Praxitele, but I have no desire to see another copy 
made of the unlike oil painting. For in that case the public 
would be made to believe that my face must be just as the second 
copy shall represent it to be. 

" Should I live, and should some good portrait painter come 
in my way, I would get my likeness taken and that in a larger 
size than the last, as you desire; and if the engraver or lithogra- 
pher would, before publishing his work, take a look at me him- 
self, I believe a good likeness might be the result. But should 
this not happen, then let us leave things as they are, let me only 
be handed down to posterity in the spiritual features of the inner 
man which are not indistinctly portrayed in what I have written. 
My vanity does not go beyond this. It will be very agreeable 
to me to receive your visit, only I beg of you to let me know 
when you will come, some little time beforehand. 

" The new number of the Archiv, is just what I could wish. 
Your reply to Wedekind and Hentschel is in what I consider an 
appropriate style, not so mild, and, if I may be allowed the ex- 
pression, so humble and deferential as are some of the older 
criticisms in the Archiv, but you say in a manly way to f heir 

*Allg. Ham. Zeit., Vol. xliv., p. 3. (July 26, 1852.) Brit. Jour. Horn. 
Vol. xi., p. 62. 


face and without sparing them what they ought to hear from 
the men who are assured of the goodness of their cause. 

"Gross's commencement of the aggressive likewise gives me 
much pleasure; I have enjoyed it. 

"No more to-day, as the post hour is come. 

" Yours sincerely, 

"Sam. Hahnemann." 
" Coeiheti, igth Feb'y, iS2p.'" 

" CoETHEN, 2d April, 1829. 
''Dear Colleague : 

" Young Dietrich has had two afternoon sittings for the pur- 
pose of modelling me, and the head seems to be getting verj^ 
like. He is a clever and modest young man. You are such a 
good observer of yourself that you will pardon me for giving 
you some advice for the purpose of rendering your observations 
somewhat more certain and instructive.* 

" I beg you will take these corrections in good part. He who 
can do much, of him will enough be expected. 

" In that respect those are better off who can do little or noth- 
ing; with that you may console yourself. Have you still many 
epidemic diseases in your neighborhood ? Does their treatment 
go on well ? Intermittent fevers are also met with in this place, 
but I see but few of them. Bellad. and Antim. crudem 2 were 

" Yours sincerely, 

"Sam. Hahnemann. 

"You will oblige me if you will kindly send me when you 
have an opportunity about a drachm of Regichis antimonii. I 
must have the metal among my medicines, and am not content 
with the Sulphuret and Tartrate of Antimony.''' 

" Coethen, i6th April, 1S29. 
''Dear Colleagtie : 

" I thank you from my heart for your good and kindly meant 
wishes on the occurrence of the seventy-fifth anniversary of my 
birthday; may the Supreme Being preserve you also in good 

^Here follows the citatiou of certain symptoms, with queries to make 
them more clear. 


health for the benefit of our art and of your dear family. * * * 
The first attacks of the intermittent fever that at present prevails 
in your neighborhood, and throughout a great extent of the sur- 
rounding country, may certainly have a certain epidemic exciting 
cause, may be of identical nature, and on their first appearance 
the Homoeopathic remedy adapted for the epidemic generally 
will usually afiford rapid and certain aid; but when after many 
paroxysms they pass into the chronic state, it is certain that 
psora soon begins in most cases to play the chief part, and 
they then all pass into the psoric intermittent fever. That a 
medical man engaged in active practice has not much time to 
search about in the materia medica is very true. How useful 
then will be a good alphabetical repertory once it is completed, 
which it would be if my collaborators would but apply them- 
selves diligently to the work. 

" I know not if you have seen anything of my directions as to 
how to proceed with this work. Some days since I sent such a 
scheme to Dr. Schweikert, with instructions when he had made 
himself familiar with it to communicate it on to Dr. Stapf, so 
that the latter might then communicate it to you. Whether it 
has got that length, whether Stapf has it yet I know not; but I 
beg you, when you are acquainted with the idea, to devote a 
portion of your leisure time to this generally useful work, and 
to work up Sulphur upon octavo-sized sheets, written upon one 
side only. I am very much obliged to you for the Regulus 

"As regards the motto,* you are right in the main; I am 
quite open to be informed of a better one. In place of the 
former one I now send you one which you may perhaps think 
more suitable, and I send another besides in order that you may 
exercise a selection. Dietrich's bust every one says is a perfect 
likeness. We cannot, however, reckon upon Schoppe. The 
high synedrium of the Berlin Satraps, in whose sight the obscure 
Coethen doctor has not yet found favour, would never forgive 
him were he to degrade his art so low. I beg to be kindly 
remembered to yourself and your wife. 

" Yours most sincerely, 

" Samuel Hahnemann." 

* Refers to a motto which he had sent for his picture, but which Rumme 
considered inappropriate. 


^'Dear Colleague : 

"I thank you for having selected Schoppe. That eminent 
artist has been here for some days and has nearly finished my 
picture the size of life with hands, and has succeeded as com- 
pletely as even you and my friends could wish. You will be 
delighted when you see it. 

"And what shall I say of Dr. Schmit, of Vienna? His 
appearance here was highly prized by me; our art has much to 
expect from him. He was with me five evenings and afforded 
me rare pleasure, until Mr. Schoppe's business with me rendered 
it impossible for me to enjoy his society any longer. 

"My bust by Mr. Dietrich, an excellent young artist, is 
finished and is very like, as Mr. Schoppe himself, who has seen 
it, confesses. 

"Now I know that no wretched daub of me will be handed 
down to posterity, and I will also know that my friends will not 
allow my spiritual man to be transmitted to posterity in the 
caricature that calumnious enemies have sought to draw of me 
in their writings. 

" I must beg you to inform Stapf of all this, and to thank him 
in my name for being so activ^e as regards Count J.'s wishes. 
The letters he sent me to look at gave me much pleasure; I shall 
send them back to him by the earliest opportunity. 
' ' Yours most sincerely, 

"Sam. Hahnemann." 

''Coethcn, 2'/th April, 182^.'" 

Hahnemann during this spring and summer of 1829 was ex- 
ceedingly busy. He was giving sittings to his two artists, work- 
ing on the "Materia Medica," keeping up an extensive corre- 
spondence, all in addition to his large practice by mail and the 
time given to his numerous visitors. 

In a letter to Stapf dated June 22, 1829, he says:* "I never 
read the Allgenieiner Aiizeiger, because I have no time to do so. 
Even the political papers lie beside me several days before I can 
look at them. My time is much taken up, months fly past like 

* Horn. World, Vol.xxv.,p. 19; "Annals Brit. Horn. Society," Vol.ii., p. 


"As regards the publication of my ' Lesser Writings ' I can 
confidently trust to j^our good judgment. I leave it entirely to 

Hahnemann's fame had also extended to other countries, and 
many people were now becoming interested in the new law of 

Hahnemann mentions in a letter written in 1829 that Sir 
Walter Scott had requested a great patroness of literature, Baron- 
ess von Hnde, to send him two copies of the fourth edition of 
the " Organon." Dudgeon, in a foot-note to this while wonder- 
ing where Scott got his information about Homoeopathy, says 
that nowhere does he find any mention of either the Baroness 
von Ende or Hahnemann in Lockhardt's " Life of Scott."* 

In 1829 Hahnemann thus speaks of the tongue of calumny, 
and especially of schisms in the rank of his own school, in 
a letter to Stapf dated Coethen, February 20, 1829 :t "Ingrati- 
tude recoils on those who practice it. We should have too much 
self-respect to get angry with it. We must judge of this attempt 
to injure us by our reason, we must not take it to heart if we are 
wise. Contemptible and detestable though this conduct seems 
to my reason, I do not vex myself about it because that would 
do me harm, and because, however much I might be annoyed, 
that would not alter the matter. It is a trial sent from above by 
the all-wise and all good Ruler, who guides everything for the 
best if we knew how to regard it as a good lesson, and to regu- 
late our future course by it. 

" He who, as regards vexations about injuries, etc., doesnot 
remain master of himself, does not treat them with indifference, 
but allows his mind to be embittered, poisoned by them, will not 
live long; he will so soon have to leave this world. 

"And what an odious thing it is to be overcome by anger. 
Strive to keep far from you all sensitiveness in regard to such 
things so that nothing can deprive you of your composure, of 
your God- given mental tranquility, otherwise you will not be 
long on earth. Take warning! Learn this great beautiful lesson ! 
It will do you good. 

* Horn. World, Vol. xxv., 113. "Aunals Brit. Horn. Society," Vol. ii., p. 

■\ Horn. World, Vol. xxiv., p. 502. "Annals Brit. Horn. Society," Vol. ii., 
p. 249. 


"Do not allow your displeasure to find utterance, otherwise 
the one may assert that there is schism amongst us, and that 
would be injurious to the good cause. Feel your own value and 
smile at this affair in the firm and well-founded conviction that 
this alliance of these two gentlemen will not last long."* 




On the I oth of August, 1829, the great Fest-Jubilee was cele- 
brated. f It was fifty year.s since he graduated from the Medical 
School of Erlangen. 

All the town took on a gala dress. From everywhere the 
friends and former pupils of the old Master gladly assembled to> 
do him honor. From all parts of Germany they came to crown 
his head with garlands of laurel. They brought him many 
presents. The Duke and Duchess gave him generous gifts. His 
fellow townsmen honored him. It was a red-letter day in the 
history of Homoeopathy. 

Stapf, in his journal, gave the following account of this im- 
portant meeting::!: 


Pleasing and noteworthy in more than one respect was this 
day in the year-book of Homoeopathic healing. The great 
founder of the system has now finished half a century devoted 
in a most successful, candid and zealous manner to the service 
of humanity and science. 

From the thorny fields of the past he now garners the fruits 
of a fame-crowned present. That which he has so long strug- 

*He refers to Hartlaub aud Triuks. 

fSchweikert's Zeitung f. natur. d. Homoopathie, October 12, 1S31, Vol. 
ii., p. 118. Brit. Jour, //cm., Vol. xxx., p. 464. "Biographisches Denkmal," 
p. 62. Allg. Horn. Zeitung, Vol. xxvi., p. 7t^i. Also in Anhalt-Cothetische 
Zeitung, 1829, No. 63, 64. Anhaltsche Magaz, 1S29, No. 34, 35. National 
Zeitung der Deutschen, 1829, No. 67. 

XArchiv f. d. horn. Heilkunst, Vol. viii., part 2, p. 96. 


gled to obtain now wreathes the sternly serene brow of the happy 

Around him who had been so long exiled, persecuted and 
insulted was now entwined the most gladsome recognition, 
heartfelt reverence, gratitude and love of a wide circle of friends, 
far and near, visible and invisible. 

This festival had been planned on the year previously, and 
invitations had been sent to many of the friends of the cause in 
order to honor the man and the system. From far and near, 
from almost every country in Europe, even from far-off South 
America, came letters accompanied by handsome presents, with 
congratulations and good wishes. 

So the festal day approached. On the evening before many 
friends had arrived from Berlin, Braunschweig, Dresden, Eise- 
nach, Eeipzig, Merseberg, and many other places far and near. 
From far-away Swiss- Basil came that old friend of Homoeopathy, 
Dr. Siegrist. 

Early on the morning of the loth of August, at six o'clock, 
the matin-music of the old man's Jubilee was heard. At nine 
o'clock the enthusiastic assemblage of friends gathered in a room 
in his house. 

On a table decorated like an altar, adorned with flowers and 
entwined with oak leaves, was placed the well-executed bust of 
Hahnemann. (This was the bust that was modelled by Dietrich, 
Jr., and was for sale for 4 thalers a copy.) On a side table stood 
a beautiful oil portrait of Hahnemann, with several lithographic 
copies taken from it. 

Dr. Stapf now introduced the assembled friends to the grand 
old man and his family. 

Dr. Regierungsrath Freiherr von Gersdorff, in a brief ad- 
dress of greeting and congratulation on this festal day, crowned 
his bust with fresh laurels. 

Dr. Rummel then presented him, with hearty words, a 
splendidly written programme of the festival occasion. 

Dr. Stapf gave him a jewel box lined with red velvet 
and containing a gold and a silver medal, on the face of which 
was a fine bust of Hahnemann in antique, with the words: 
"Samuel Hahnemann, born on the loth of April, 1755, created 
a doctor at Erlangae on the loth of August, 1779;" on the re- 
verse the words: "SimiliaSimilibus," and the inscription: "Medi- 


cinae Homoeopathicae auctori discipuli et amici d 10 Aug. 1829." 
Copies of this medal were sold, in silver, for a thaler and 12 
groschens; in bronze, for one thaler. They were made by the 
Leipzig coin engraver and artist Kruger. 

Hofrath Dr. Muhlenbein, with a Latin address, presented a 
document containing the signatures of all who had contributed 
to this celebration. 

Dr. Rummel presented him with an honorary diploma from 
the University of Erlangen. 

Dr. Stapf brought to the Master a copy of his recently pub- 
lished book, the collection of Hahnemann's Lesser Writings.* 

Albrecht, of Dresden, delivered a very delightful poem on 
the rise and merits of Homoeopathy. 

With deep emotion the venerable old man gave thanks to 
God that he had been allowed to make .so sublime a discovery, 
and that he had been continued in bodily and mental vigor. 
With deep feeling he thanked the friends present who had so 
honored him on that day, thus made memorable in the annals of 

From this meeting was formed the Central Homoeopathic 
Union of Germany. 

The Duke and Ducliess of Anhalt Coethen sent a gold snuflf 
box having the letter "F" inlaid in brilliants, and a valuable 
antique drinking cup, also writing the following letters of con- 
gratulation :t 
" Hofrath Hahnemann. 

Dear Doctor. — It affords me very great pleasure to be able to 
congratulate you on this your 50th anniversary as a practising 
physician. You have done so great and lasting a service 
to mankind by the discovery and founding of the system of 
Homoeopathy now already extended to all parts of the world 
that I gladly include myself among the number of those admir- 
ers who have assembled this day to bring you the tribute of 
their gratitude. 

' ' As your Sovereign I feel myself doubly called upon to give 
befitting recognition of your professional labors b)' means of 
which 3-0U have done so much good to my country and myself. 
Accept therefore ray sincerest congratulations. I also send you 

*"■ Kleiue Medicinische Schriften." 

tStapf 's Archivf. d. ham. Heilkunst, Vol. viii. 


the enclosed snufF-box with my initials set in diamonds, a pres- 
ent which you will please accept as a memorial of your festival 
and as a slight token of my best wishes, and of the highest esti- 
mation in which I hold your services. 

" Your faithful friend, 

" Duke Ferdinand. 
" Co e then, August 10, 182^.'''' 

The good Duchess Julie sent her physician an antique drink- 
ing cup, and with it the following very kindly letter: 
" HoFRATH Hahnemann. 

' ' Most Honored Sir: On this, your festival day, when so many 
admirers of your highly meritorious services renew their ac- 
knowledgments of the same, I also shall not omit to tender you 
my sincerest congratulations. You have now reached the beau- 
tiful goal from which you can look back upon a long lapse of 
years busily spent in useful labors, and can see now ripening the 
most beautiful fruits of your many endeavors in the wide diffu- 
sion of Homoeopathy; this new system of medicine so advanta- 
geous to the welfare of mankind. 

" May you yet experience for a very long time and with no 
interruption this exalted joy, and be assured that I shall always 
be a participant of it. Accept also the enclosed souvenir as a 
token of my gratitude, and with it the repeated assurance of my 
high esteem and of my best wishes for your prosperity. 

' ' Your faithful friend, 

"Duchess Julie. 

''Coethen, Aug. 10, i82g.'' 

A Society of Naturalists in the far east of Altenberg sent 
him an honorary diploma of membership. 

To him from that great scholar and ardent naturalist and pro- 
pagator of Homoeopathy, Dr. Constantin Hering, of Paramaribo, 
in far off Surinam, there came a kindly letter. 

After this festal friendly greeting the guests assembled in 
the garden of Hahnemann's house and passed many hours in 
social intercourse. 

Dater in the day a meeting was held in the assembly room 
of the hotel, in which a banquet was spread. It was at this 
meeting decided to place the balance of the money remaining 
after the expenses of the celebration were paid, in the hands of 


Drs. Muhlenbein and Rummel, to be used as a nucleus for the 
establishment of a Homceopathic clinic at some suitable place to 
be hereafter decided upon. All pledged themselves to con- 
tribute to this. 

Quite a considerable sum was realized for the forthcoming hos- 
pital, by the sale of Hahnemann's pictures. Hahnemann writ- 
ing to Stapf on May 12, 1831, says: "The only object of my 
portrait is to provide funds for the Homoeopathic Institute {in 
spe), so that the copies may be sold for its benefit, not for that of 
myself or my family."* 

fA society was then formed under the name "Society for the 
Promotion and Development of Homoeopathic Medicine." It 
was called later the Central Homoeopathic Union, the name by 
which it is known to-day. 

It was decided to hold the meeting of this Society on the loth 
of August, annually, in future, as an act of honor to the Master. 
Dr. Moritz Muller was elected President, and Dr. Albrecht, Jr., 
of Dresden, Secretary. 

At the conclusion of this meeting all sat down to a banquet, 
the company of physicians being augmented by many distin- 
guished guests then staying at Coethen for Homoeopathic treat- 
ment. Hahnemann could not take the head of the table, the 
chair was left unoccupied, no one deeming himself fit to occupy 
his place. Happiness and hilarity prevailed at the table. Toasts 
were drunk to the illustrious persons present. 

Upon Hahnemann's invitation, all present resorted to his 
house in the evening and enjoyed the friendliness of his company. 

During the year 1828 the Homoeopathic physicians of Leipsic 
had held meetings. A small bi-monthly paper, called Praktische 
Mittheilungen der correspondenden Gesellschaft homoopathischer 
Aerzte, was published. No. i commenced on January, 1828. 
It was devoted to reports of Homoeopathic cures. Six numbers 
were issued during the year 1828. 

It may not be amiss to mention that at a special invitation 
from Dr. Haubold, he, Drs. Franz, Hartmann and Hornburg held 
a meeting about the beginning of the year 1829, at L,eipsic, for 
the purpose of discussing the doctrines of Homoeopathy. J These 

*Hoin. World, Vol. xxv., p. 258. 

\Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxx., p. 464. 

i Hartmaun iu N. W.Jour. Horn., Vol. iv., p. 236. 


meetings were continued monthly until the festival of the loth 
of August. The last one was held but a few days previously. 
In July Dr. Moritz Muller joined this little society, probably 
the first Homoeopathic society in the world. 

The thesis of Dr. Rummel at the Fest-Jubilee was delivered in 
Latin. It was afterwards published in a quarto pamphlet at 
Merseberg; this pamphlet contains the names of those who 
contributed to this celebration. Stapf also published in the 
Archiv (Vol. viii., pt. 2.) this thesis, Dr. Muhlenbein's address, 
the letters from the Duke and Duchess, Dr. Hering's letter from 
Surinam, and Dr. Albrecht's poem. 

Rummel' s thesis contains a biography of Hahnemann's life, a 
very complete bibliography of his writings, printed as foot-notes, 
the titles of many of the books of the time inimical to his system, 
the history of the discovery of the Law of Homoeopathy and a 
number of deductions regarding its principles. 



Albrecht says : " The foundation of the Homoeopathic Society 
was confirmed by a diploma for every member now belonging to 
it or subsequently joining it. This diploma is tastefully adorned 
with the well-known symbols of medical science — the rising sun 
in an oak wreath, ^sculapius and Hygeia being represented as 
standing near an altar, over which a good genius is drinking 
from a saucer; beneath it the motto, ' Similia Similibus,' and 
immediately under the three words, ' Non nisi digno ' (for the 
deserving only), with the prayer Q. D. B. V. 

"In the centre of the document are the following words: 
'Societas medicorum homoeopathicorum condita Anhaltin Coth- 
enis die x mensis Augusti mdcccxxix virum — in sociorum — 
numerum cooptavit idque his litteris sigillo suo firmatis declara- 
vit.' Hahnemann was designated Perpetual President by his 
signature in lithography. At the end of the diploma are the 
words: ' Concordia res parvse crescunt.' "* 

* "Biographical Monument to Hahnemann," Fischer's translation, p. 50. 
" Biographisches Denkmal," p. 64. 


Hahnemann answered Hering's letter received on the fete day- 
very soon, as follows:* 

" COETHEN, l6th August, 1829. 

"Dear Colleague: 

"Your dear note was not the smallest gift which was made 
me upon the loth of August. Oh, that I could only once before 
I leave this earth clasp you in my arms, to testify to you my joy 
at the unexampled zeal which you so efficiently bestow upon 
the restoration of the miserable, and the extension of the benefi- 
cent science with such high courage. 

"I have succeeded in increasing the aids against that many- 
headed monster — psora, by the investigation of the action of 
Kali, Causticum (formerly called tinct. acris sine Kali), Alumina^ 
Co7iiiim maculatum and purified salt — Natrum muriaticittn; but 
unfortunately the fourth part of the ' Chronic Diseases ' cannot 
yet be published, so as to enable me to communicate to you all 
the symptoms of those medicines in their completeness. I can 
only send you some of the medicines themselves. 

"See how much you can begin with them; they are a great 
acquisition to the antipsoric materia medica. Accept the gift 
out of good-will. Natrum muriaticum will be of great use to 
your poor leprosy patient. Continue to prosecute your work as 
heretofore, until it be time to return again to Europe in good 
health, and hold dear, 

" Your true friend, 

" Samuel Hahnemann.*' 

And a few days later Hahnemann writes to Dr. Rummelrf 
' ' Dear Colleague: 

" You have anticipated me, for I should first have thanked 
you for the inexpressible labour, trouble and devotion that 5'ou 
along with Stapf and the rest must have expended upon my fete 
in order to celebrate it in such a magnificent manner. I especi- 
ally observed you to be so busy and zealous that I shall never 
forget it. It was a splendid festival, that astonished and greatly 
moved me. 

* "Annals Brit. Horn. Society," Vol. ii., p. 159. 
'\Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xi., p. 66. 


" I beg you take upon yourself with duke deciis columenque 
rerum the management of the little endowment capital which is 
already a pretty good sum. A bountiful Providence seems to 
bestow a blessing on this honorable fund. 

" A rich private merchant in L , Mr, C. B. Sch , a 

patient of mine, asked leave, when he heard about it, also to 
contribute something toward it. Has he done so ? If not, I 
would suggest that you send to Dr. Franz a blank receipt from 
you without mentioning the sum, and the doctor will go to him 
and put him in mind of his promise, and if he gives a sum, as 
he certainly will do, it may be inserted in your receipt and then 
given to him. I think, indeed, it would be well to have pre- 
pared a number of such receipts (it would be best to have them 
printed), in order to be able to give the donors this small re- 
membrance of our acknowledgments. 

" When you have collected a couple of thousand thalers you 
will do well, if Muhlenbein approves, to invest it in Prussian 
bonds, which will produce an interest of 80 thalers a year. Do 
not be in too great a hurry with your work for the repertory; I 
am obliged to wait for others who have much more time to spare, 
and I must have everything collected together before I begin to 

"Things are with me very much as they are with you. Be- 
sides my ordinary business, that constantly goes on, I have to 
write such a number of letters of thanks besides those I have 
already written, that I know not when I shall get time for any- 

" But I shall soon be clear of all that, for I am quite active, 
and then I shall expect you (say in a fortnight hence) and our 
Stapf, and I trust Gross also (and Franz ?), on a long visit; for 
we have many things to say to one another. 

" When you write to Stapf pray tell him, as he intended to 
write a complete account of the loth of August, that on that day 
the Natural History Society of the Osterland sent me a diploma 
of Honorary Member, accompanied by a courteous letter. 
(Piener's name was among the signatures.) 

"I regret to say that there was such a commotion the other 
day that I was unable to carry out my intention of having your 
ears mesmerized by Dr. Siegrist, who is said to possess great 
power that way. I have been thinking over the matter, and 


consider it may be of great importance for you. We will say 
more about it when we meet. I must conclude for to-day. 
" Yours most sincerely, 

"Samuel Hahnemann. 
" Coethen, 2^th August, 182 p.'' 

Hahnemann was much gratified with the "Kleine Medicinische 
Schriften," edited by Stapf, and presented upon his Jubilee Day. 
In a letter dated September 28, 1829, he says: * 
" Dearest Friend: 

" You have rendered an immense service to me by your appro- 
priate and necessary notes in the collection of my L,esser Medi- 
cal Writings, published under your editorship; I may even be so 
vain as to say that you have thereby rendered a service to the 
world, t But I think you have almost given too high an esti- 
mate of me in your beautiful preface. In short, I am very much 
beholden to you. Would you believe it ? It is only within the 
last few days that, owing to an accumulation of work, I have 
been able, properly, to look through your well planned and well 
executed laborious undertaking. 

" I do not know how I am still able to get through such a 
quantity of work. But what we do willingly only fatigues us 
till bedtime. In the morning, thank God, there is a complete 
return of strength. 

" Your dear letter of the 6th of September gave me the pleas- 
ant expectation of seeing you soon here, and now your last letter, 
containing an almost absolute refusal to pay me a visit, has pro- 
portionately disappointed me. Do not serve me so. How do you 
know if next year, when the season is so far advanced that 
traveling becomes possible, I shall still be alive ! That cannot 
be considered at all certain; and just consider for a moment how 
much we have to talk over !**=!= * 

"The prohibition of the HomcEopathic treatment of acute dis- 
eases in Russia is so abominable that it must be of the greatest 
advantage to us. Every educated person sees that it is a con- 

* Horn. World, Vol. xxv., p. iii. "Aunals Brit. Horn. Society," Vol. ii., 

fThis letter is translated by Dr. Dudgeou, aud in a note he says: "Hahne- 
mann's Lesser Writings, collected and translated by myself, and pub- 
lished in one volume by Headland in 1851, contains many more of Hahne- 
mann's writings than are included in the two volumes edited by Stapf." 


trivance of the dominant Allopathic sect, in order to divert the 
attention of the public from the remarkable superiority of Ho- 
moeopathy in the treatment of acute pleurisy. But what would 
such a strabismic government do if a Homoeopath were to cure 
a pneumonia or a pleurisy in a few hours ? Would it condemn 
the Homoeopathic doctor to have his head cut off? Hardly in 
our time, not even in Russia." 

The Hahnemann who wrote this letter was then 75 years of 
age and so occupied with his work that for nearly two months 
after he had received Stapf's collection of his own writings he 
had not time to read the book! 

And again we find him, not long after the Fest-Jubilee, ex- 
pressing to Stapf the great happiness that the meeting had 
afforded him. He says :* 

' ' Dear Colleagues 

"I can bear much joy and grief, but I was hardly able to 
stand the surprise of so many, and such strong proofs of the 
kindness and affection of my disciples and friends with which I 
was overwhelmed on the loth of August. Even now when I 
have regained my mental equilibrium and examine and reflect 
on all the tokens of cordial kindness with which I have been 
honored, I am lost in admiration over the handsome presents of 
tasteful and elegant design, and brought together with the best 
intention and with great labour. I have not deserved them ; 
they are gifts of generosity, delicacy and excessive gratitude, 
whose value I fully appreciate. May those who thought of 
giving me this pleasant surprise live long and prosper. * * * 

"As I am sending a packet to-day, I may as well enclose a 
copy of our local newspaper, which contains an account of our 
festival. I don't know where the editor got all his informa- 
tion, he did not get a particle from me. " 

* Horn. World, Vol. xxv, p. 22. "Annals Brit. Horn. Society," Vol. iii., 
p 160. 




It has been said that Hahnemann denied the healing power 
of nature. 

There has been considerable doubt even upon the part of the 
Homoeopathic school regarding this matter. At a meeting of 
the Central Homoeopathic Society at Magdeburg, in 1830, its 
members passed a resolution declaring " that they did not agree 
with Hahnemann in rejecting the vis medicatrix nahcrcs.'" 

Certain passages in the " Organon " have been quoted to 
prove that the Master repudiated the possibility of any inherent 
medical power in the body. 

The opponents of the Homoeopathic school have many times 
used this argument against the system. 

The passage in the " Organon " mentioned above is as fol- 
lows :* 

"But the more modern adherents of the old school do not 
wish it to be supposed, that in their treatment they aim at the 
expulsion of material morbific substances. Thej'^ allege that 
their multifarious evacuant processes are a mode of treatment by 
derivation, wherein they follow the example of nature which, in 
her efforts to assist the diseased organism, resolves fever by 
perspiration and diuresis, pleurisy by epistaxis, sweat and 
mucous expectoration — other diseases by vomiting, diarrhoea 
and bleeding from the anus, articular pains by suppurating 
ulcers on the legs, cynanche tonsillaris by salivation, etc., or 
removes them by metastases and abscesses which she develops 
in parts at a distance from the seat of the disease. 

' 'Hence they thought the best thing to do was to imitate nature 
by also going to work in the treatment of most diseases in a cir- 
cuitous manner like the diseased vital force when left to itself^ 
and thus in an indirect manner, by means of stronger hetero- 
geneous irritants applied to organs remote from the seat of dis- 
ease, and totally dissimilar to the affected tissues, they produced 

^Dudgeon's Trauslation of the "Organon," London, 1893, p. 16. 


evacuations, and generally kept them up, in order to draw, as it 
were, the disease thither. 

" This derivation, as it wascalled, was andcontinues to be one 
of the principal modes of treatment of the old school of medicine. 

' ' In this imitation of the self-aiding operation of nature, as 
some call it, they endeavor to excite, by force, new symptoms in 
the tissues that are least diseased and best able to bear the medi- 
cinal disease, which should draw away the primary disease under 
the semblance of crises and under the form of excretions, in 
order to admit of a gradual lysis by the curative powers of nature. 

(In a note.) "It is only the slighter acute diseases that 
tend, when the natural period of their course has expired, to 
terminate quietly in resolution, as it is called, with or without 
the employment of not very aggressive Allopathic remedies; the 
vital force having regained its powers then gradually substitutes 
the normal condition for the derangement of the health that has 
now ceased to exist. 

"But in severe, acute and in chronic diseases which constitute 
by far the greater portion of all htiman ailments, crude nature 
and the old school are equally powerless; in these neither the 
vital force with its self-aiding faculty, nor Allopathy in imita- 
tion of it can effect a lysis, but at the most a mere temporary 
truce during which the enemy fortifies himself in order, sooner 
or later, to recommence the attack with still greater violence." 

On page 19 of the same edition he says: " It is only by the 
destruction and sacrifice of a portion of the organism itself that 
unaided nature can save the patient in acute diseases, and if 
death do not ensue, restore, though only slowl)^ and imperfectly, 
the harmony of life — health." 

Hahnemann in other places alludes to "crude unaided nature," 
and mentions its limited powers. 

Ameke says in relation to this:* "Hahnemann's enemies had 
cast upon him the reproach — Your method of treatment is a 
direct contradiction of our great teacher, Nature. Open your 
eyes! A rush of blood to the head, a congestive headache, is 
healed by nature by a wholesome bleeding from the nose. We 
copy nature and draw blood when congestion is present. You 
fly in nature's face and reject bleeding. In a case of ophthalmia 
you see an eruption make its appearance in the contiguous parts 

*" History of Homoeopathy," p. 296. 


of the face, and the inflammation is thereby diminished. We 
follow this hint of nature and excite an artificial eruption or in- 
flammation by means of blisters, moxas, cauteries, setons, etc. 
Have you never seen the original malady relieved by metastases? 
Have you never seen a skin eruption disappear on the superven- 
tion of diarrhoea ? At variance with nature you try to fulfil her 

"Hahnemann was often assailed with such reproaches by his 
earlier opponents, and the passage cited by later opponents from 
the fourth edition of the ' Organon ' was an answer to these 
attacks, as is clearly shown by the text." 

It certainly seems plain from his writings that he believed in 
the recuperative or healing power of nature. In the " Essay on 
a New Principle," 1796, he says:* " In acute diseases, which, if 
we remove the obstacles to recovery for but a few days, nature 
will herself generally conquer." 

In 1797, he says in the "Obstacles to Certainty in Practical 
Medicine:" " I do not now allude to cures effected by dietetic 
rules alone, which, if simple, are not to be despised, and which 
are very serviceable in many cases. If it be necessary to make 
considerable changes in the diet and regimen, the ingenious 
physician will do well to mark what effect such changes will 
have on the disease before he prescribes the mildest medicine."! 

In 1 801 he says: " That kind nature and youth will, assisted 
by such an appropriate regimen (as food, pure air, &c.) and 
even by itself, cure diseases having far other producing causes 
than deficiency and excess of excitability, is a phenomenon 
daily witnessed by the unprejudiced observer." 

Again ::{: "According to him (Brown) we must not trust any- 
thing to the powers of nature; we must never rest with our 
medicines; we must always either stimulate or debilitate. What 
a calumniation of nature, what a dangerous insinuation for the 
ordinary half-instructed practitioner, already too officious! What 
a ministration to his pride to be deemed the lord and master of 

In the preface to the "Thesaurus," he says:|| "Nature acts 
according to eternal laws, without asking your leave; she loves 

* "Lesser Writings," New York, p. 261. 
t "Lesser Writiugs," New York, p. 312. 
JAmeke's "History of HomcEopatby," p. 29S. 
II " Lesser Writiugs," New York, p. 350. 


simplicity, and eflfects much with one remedy whilst you effect 
little with many. Seek to imitate nature." 

In "^sculapius in the Balance," 1805, he says:* "Itwereeasy 
to run through a catalogue of similar acute diseases, and show that 
the restoration of persons who in the same disease were treated 
on wholly opposite principles could not be called cure, but a 
spontaneous recovery." 

In 1808 he writes: "Do not the poor who take no medicine at 
all often recover much sooner from the same kind of disease 
than the well-to-do patient who has his shelves filled with large 
bottles of medicines ?' ' 

In "Allopathy," written in 1831, he says:t " If they call this 
an efl&cacious sort of method, how can they reconcile it with the 
fact that of all that die in a year, a sixth part of the whole 
number dies under them (the Allopaths) of inflammatory affec- 
tions, as their own tables prove! Not one- twelfth of these 
would have died had they not fallen into such sanguinary hands, 
had they been but left to nature, and kept away from that old 
pernicious art." 

Griesselich, who visited Hahnemann in 1832, says:J "Hahne- 
mann has often been reproached for his contempt for the healing 
power of nature. I myself was led into this error by something 
in the " Organon." In conversing with Hahnemann I have 
never perceived anything tending to the denial of this healing 
power. It appears that the reformer must have given occasion 
to misunderstandings." 

Hahnemann wrote a preface for a book published by a fol- 
lower, one Dr. Kammerer, of Ulm, in 1834. In this book Dr. 
Kammerer frequently writes: "The healing power of nature 
often effects wonderful and rapid cures." "The severest ill- 
nesses often get rapidly well of themselves." " In chronic dis- 
eases the marvellous healing power of nature is seen." " Dis- 
eases are cured as rapidly, or more so, by the ^ proper healing 
power of nature than by the best remedies." 

Hahnemann endorsed everything in this book and thus con- 
cludes his preface: " Our dear Kammerer of Ulm, whose sensi- 
ble treatise I have now great pleasure in introducing to the 

* "Lesser Writings," New York, p. 412. 
t" Lesser Writings," New York, p. 739. 
j" Ameke's History of Homoeopathy," p. 299. 


From the above quotations it must be probable that Hahne- 
mann did believe in the vis medicatrix nattircs.'-^ That he also 
believed it to be limited in power seems equally certain. But as 
he believed, as do his followers, that it had been granted to him 
through the goodness of God to discover the true law or plan by 
means of which disease can most surely be cured, and by means 
of which the vis medicatrix, or inherent power of nature, can be 
rendered best able to act, his statements in the " Organou " are 
not in any way contradictory. He said over and over, that in a 
crude limited way nature had power to throw off certain types 
of disease, but that in order to be able to act most successfully 
her power must be developed by her own law of healing — 

In the following letter to a patient, Hahnemann advises him 
to leave things to his active vital force if 

' ^Dear Baron : 

"As your sister lives according to Homoeopathic rule, the 
best thing you can do in a general way is to follow her example, 
and hence be as sparing as possible in the use of wine, coffee, 
Chinese and other teas; avoid altogether distilled spirits, punch, 
acids, spices, especially vanilla, cinnamon, cloves, and all kinds 
of perfumes and tooth powders. One of the most important 
rules for getting well is what Confucius called the golden 
mean, and described in an excellent book the aurea mediocritas, 
rien de trop ! In this golden mean I would advise you to abide 
with respect to all allowed things. I would like you to walk 
every day in the open air, never to run, and only to ride or 
drive a little when necessary; to go to bed by ten o'clock ; not 
to read yourself asleep in bed; not to undertake any mental 
labor after eight o'clock in the evening; to take your supper 
before eight p. m., and then to eat but sparingly, and never of 
meat or eggs; to have frequently one or two friends about you, 
but to shun large parties; not to over-exert yourself in any way, 
and to coolly dismiss all disagreeable subjects like a wise man. 

"Arrange your time carefully, I pray you. Every hour 

* A very interesting lecture on this subject by Dr. Leadam may be found 
in the Brit. Jour, of Horn., Vol. xiii., p. 190. 

■\Allg. Hoin. Zeitung, Vol. Ixvii., p. 32. Brit. Jour. Ham., Vol. xxi., p. 
677. Fliegende Blatter uber Honioopathie, Aug. 10, 1863. 


wasted; /. <?., not spent for our own or other's good, is an irre- 
mediable loss, which a delicate conscience can never forgive. 

"Nothing is of more importance than to watch and restrain 
our physical inclinations, those of the imagination included. 
The animal part of us requires to be constantly supervised and 
to be unindulgently kept within bounds as much as our reason 
will allow; our constant victory in this direction can alone 
make us happy by an elevating consciousness of having done 
our duty; we then feel that we rest in the friendship of the 
Only One. 

"Would you like any other religion? There is no other. 
All else is miserable, degrading human invention, full of super- 
stition, fraught with destruction to mankind. 

" So then I would advise you to commence to live in a blessed 
manner— better late than never. And as your body is shattered 
by disease, take the small portion of medicine I trouble you 
with iminterruptedly , and write a daily account of what you 
•experience while taking it. 

" If you get a new symptom, I beg you will underline it, but 
nothing else in your report. 

" You are to take every morning fasting one of these little 
powders moistened with a few drops of water, and drink noth- 
ing for an hour afterwards. Don't use any kind of baths; for 
the sake of cleanliness wash yourself rapidly down and dry 
yourself as rapidly, so that the whole operation shall only last 
a couple of minutes. 

" If you can find a very good natured man among your people 
who has gained a reputation by his successful treatment of 
sprains and other injuries by manipulation, I would advise you 
to get him to give you, every other forenoon, a single pass, with 
both hands extended, slowly over the whole body, from the 
crown of the head along the arms (the hands the while resting 
•on the knees), down to the tips of the toes, whilst you are 
seated in your ordinary clothing. Only you must not have on 
any silk garment. He must not press upon you as he is in the 
liabit of doing. He should merely try with the whole power of 
Tiis will to do you good. 

"The spirit I ought to communicate to you by my treatment 
would evaporate if conveyed by a third party. We employ no 
-doctor to go between us nor do we need one. Should you at 


any time feel more than usually indisposed, then remain for a 
few days quietly at home, living as abstinently as possible, and 
leave it to your active vital force to bring you round according 
to the organic laws, which will assuredly take place. 

' ' L,et us go to work as simply as possible, otherwise our efforts. 
to restore your health, jam aut nunquam, will be fruitless. 
When you have taken No. 6 write me about yourself. 

"Yours, Samuel Hahnemann." 

''Coethen, Oct. i6, iSjo.'" 

" Have you really read the ' Organon ?' " 



Hahnemann's wife died upon March 31, 1830. For forty-eight 
years she had been his faithful companion in all his wanderings, 
had shared his adversities, and in order that he might the more 
fully devote himself to his studies, had always taken upon her 
own shoulders the care of the family. She was, at the time of 
her decease, nearly sixty-seven years of age. 

Authentic and interesting particulars of the last illness may be 
found in the following letter written by the bereaved old man to 
his lifelong friend, Stapf:* 

'^Dear Friend a7id Colleague : 

"My cordial thanks for your kind wishes at the advent of my 
seventy- sixth year, and a reciprocity of many good wishes for 
the prosperity of yourself and your esteemed family at the hands 
of Him from whom all good things emanate to us in an unseen 
manner. In the moments that we can spare from our busy lives 
we should unceasingly thank the great Spirit from whom all 
blessings flow with our whole heart and all our undertakings 
worthy of Him, though in all eternity we can never thank Him 
too much for His goodness. 

"Your welcome letter reached me when I was in the most ex- 
traordinary state in the world. 

*/Iom. World, Vol. xxv., p. 209. "Anuals Brit. Horn. Med. vSociety,"" 
Vol. ii., p. 355. 


"My good wife, who for many years had been always very 
ailing, who three years ago had very nearly succumbed to an 
^bscess of the liver that burst into the lungs, and who had 
always objected to take any medicine, trusting to her enormous 
vital powers, fell ill at the beginning of March, after taking a 
chill, when, as it seems, she was in a state of great mental irri- 
tation, with a very severe catarrh and cough, with much pain in 
various parts. The cough was attended by difficult expectora- 
tion, it increased and was accompanied by a well marked remit- 
tent fever, and she commenced to cough up pus, which was at 
first bloody and afterwards mixed with pure bile; then it became 
fetid, and at last extremely malodorous, just like an ulcer turn- 
ing gangrenous. 

" After great suffering, fever and pains, she at length (on the 
31st of March, after midnight) gently fell asleep in our arms 
with the cheerfuUest expression in the world, to wake up in 
eternity. The release was not to be regretted on her account. 

" Several days before her decease a letter from Rumrael gave 
me such an immense amount of vexation that I could speak to 
no one, and was unable to read or write a line. With difficulty 
I got out of bed several times a day to go to my dying wife (be- 
cause she noticed my absence), but I took care not to show her 
that I was ill. Staph, and Arsenic several times in alternation 
set me right, so that I was recovering when she died. 

" The worry caused to me by the pompous funeral (necessary 
in this place), the fetching hither of my two distant daughters, 
the division of the (considerable) maternal property, and in ad- 
dition a relapse of my nervous fever which robbed me of all my 
strength for three or four days, and then the accumulation of 
unanswered patients' letters, the daily importunity of patients in 
this place, and so forth — while in this position, but thank God ! 
quite recovered, I received your dear letter besides many others 
of felicitation. Is it a wonder that I could not answer you be- 
fore to day ? 

"You have no doubt succeeded in keeping your good Mary 
Eylert alive, though the weather has been unfavourable. When 
you write me again (which I hope will be soon) tell me how she 
is now, and I will see if I cannot give you some friendly medi- 
cal advice. 

" If Yxkull will pay me a visit I hope you will accompany him. 


You will find me as usual wrapped up in my mantle of God- 
given philosophy. 

' ' Your true friend, 

" Sam Hahnemann." 

" Coethen, April 24., 18 jo.'" 

" Kindest regards from me and mine to your estimable family." 

On the same morning in which Frau Dr. Hahnemann died 
Duchess Julie sent to her physician and dear friend the follow- 
ing kindly note of condolence: * 

'■ I have learned with the greatest distress, my dear Hofrath, 
of the sad blow which has fallen on you this night. The news 
was all the greater shock to me since I had no suspicion of the 
illness of the departed. 

" I beg you to be assured of my most hearty sympathy, and to 
grant my earnest request that, under this severe shock, you will 
not neglect your health, which is so necessary to the welfare of 

"Julie, Duchess of Anhalt. 

''Coethen, March 31, 1830.'" 

Eleven children were born to Frau Hahnemann, two sons 
and nine daughters. A complete record of them may be found 
in the chapter of this book devoted to Hahnemann's family. 

A great deal has been written in regard to Frau Dr. Hahne- 
mann's disposition. With the exception of Von Brunnow who, 
in one place, says that she exercised an arbitrary influence upon 
Hahnemann, all the people who have written of his domestic 
life from observation, agree that it was a happy one. 

Albrecht saysrf "Hahnemann was happiest in his family 
circle, and displayed here as nowhere else a most amiable dispo- 
sition to mirth and cheerfulness. He joked with his children 
in the intervals which he could devote to them, sang cradle 
songs to the little ones, composed little verses for them, and used 
every opportunity to instruct them. Although at first he had 
but little, he spent all he could upon their education and culture. 
Hahnemann paid attention, too, to the education of his daugh- 
ters. They were thoroughly instructed in all domestic and 

* " Biographisches Denkmal," 1851. " Lebeu und Wirken." Ameke's 
"History of Homoeopathy." p. 155. 

f'Albrecht's Leben und Wirkeu." Ameke's " History of Homoeopathy," 
P- 159- 


feminine duties by their mother. Their mother had, indeed, 
greater influence than their father over them while they re- 
mained at home. She was a remarkable woman, of an energetic 
character and educated above the ordinary standard. She was 
much beloved and respected by her husband and children. She 
also had a musical education and composed words to music 
written by herself. Hahnemann, too, was a great lover of music, 
and had a pleasant singing voice, but without knowing a note. 
He was fond of coming into the parlor when he took an interval 
of repose from his work, between nine and ten, and of getting 
his wife to play him something on the piano." 

Seminary Director Albrecht was familiar with the family of 
Hahnemann from 1821 to 1835, and certainly would have known 
were there any unpleasantness between the husband and the 
wife. Throughout his book, the "Life and Works of Hahne- 
mann," he constantly speaks of the accord existing between 

Ameke says:* "All the authors who describe Hahnemann's 
family life from their own experience agree in bearing witness 
to the cordial relations between Hahnemann and his children. 
They acknowledge the worth of his first wife, of whom Hahne- 
mann always spoke with love and esteem. 

' ' Even if she were, as Brunnow says, fond of power and 
imperious, and Brunnow's writings bear the stamp of truth, yet 
she must have possessed excellent qualities which were highly 
valued by her husband. Her energy was, no doubt, often a 
support to him in his stormy life. The region of romance was 
far from her, she lived in realities." 



t About the year 1862-3 a sketch of the life of Hahnemann 
was published in France in a book called " Biographic Univer- 
salle, ancienne et moderne." In this book the biographer, after 
speaking of Hahnemann's conscientious sacrifices in giving up 

* "History of Homoeopathy," p. 159. 
-\ Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxiii., p. 661. 


his practice after he decided that the medical methods in vogue 
were wrong, says: "The miseries of his altered state were 
increased tenfold by the bitter reproaches of his wife and daugh- 
ters at his having sacrificed the realities of life for dreams and 

The amiable charms of the second Madame Hahnemann were 
placed in marked contrast to this picture. 

In 1865 there was published in Berlin a book entitled " True 
Pictures from the Life of the late Mrs. Johanna Henrietta Leo- 
poldine Hahnemann, nee Kuchler, to serve to correct the unex- 
ampled perversion of history in the ' Biographic Universalle, 
ancienne et moderne.' "-'^ 

The author of the "True Pictures" says: " It is a sad spec- 
tacle when at the grave just closed of celebrated men the conten- 
tion of parties is enkindled, and it is doubly sad when such 
contentions are kept alive for decades by a malignant party. 

" But when the flames of this contention even enter into the 
sanctuary of a happy family life, so that its smoke envelops 
beloved, dear forms, in order that other less noble forms may be 
undeservedly transfigured, every true heart, every German 
heart is outraged, and feels obliged to scatter this spurious glory, 
and to win back their despoiled honor for those slandered noble 

" Such a contention also arose at the grave of that celebrated 
master of the healing art, Samuel Hahnemann. As is well 
known, he died July 3, 1843, far from his loved ones, in Paris, 
and in the same year still there appeared an article with respect 
to him which was afterwards published anew in pamphlet form, 
and in the most unpardonable manner attacked the first wife of 
the Master, the noble Johanna Henrietta Leopoldine, nee 

*"Treue Bilder aus dem Leben der verewigteu Frau Hofrath Johanue 
Henriette Leopoldiue Hahnemann, geb. Kuchler, zur richtigen Geschichts- 
verdrehung in der Biographie Universalle (Michaud) ancienne et moderne. 
Paris, bie Madame C. Desplaces. Berlin, Ferd. Rob. Reichardt. 1865." 
*This is a very rare pamphlet. The compiler sought vainly in 
the book stores of Germany for a copy. It is due to the courtesy 
of Drs. Puhlmaun, of Leipzig, and Suss-Hahnemann, of London, that he is 
able to give its contents. Both Drs. Puhlmaun and Suss-Hahnemann 
placed copies at his disposal. It is probable they are the only two copies 
in existence. The translation was made by Rev. Mr. L. H. Tafel, of 
Urbana, O. 


Kuchler, in her relation to her celebrated husband and in her 
whole character. Since that time ever and anon, there have 
appeared at longer or shorter intervals repeated articles which 
were either inspired by the same party or blindly accepting 
those false allegations sought to cloud the image of this genuine 
German woman before the eyes of her native land, yea, of the 
whole of Europe. 

" We shall not notice these, however, but shall only occupy 
ourselves with the latest fabrication of French journalism, with 
the article concerning S. Hahnemann in Michaud's ' Biographic 
Universalle, ancienne et moderne,' which will enable us most 
easily to find the source of all these false statements." * * * 

"At page 29 we quote from this same Biography: ' On the 
31st of March, 1830, Hahnemann lost his first wife, but then 
fame, plenty and peace had entered his house, and quite a while 
before her death she had had the leisure and opportunity to 
become freed from her prejudices as to the character and abilities 
of him with whom she had joined her fate. 

" 'In the year 1835 a French woman, Mademoiselle d'Hervilly, 
distinguished by her mental charms and excellences and an ex- 
pert in knowledge unusual for her sex. came to Coethen in order 
to consult Hahnemann. She esteemed and admired him, and by 
this admiration the train was laid to a marriage which brought 
an uninterrupted happiness to the last years of the aged man. 
Hahnemann had always loved France, he possessed indeed very 
much of the French wit and spirit (beaucoup de I'esprit francais). 
He possessed above all things that flowing, clear, and at the 
same time decided and captivating style, which distinguishes his 
works, and which is one of the characteristic peculiarities of the 
French spirit, much more than the heavy, awkward German 
style. Hahnemann went to Paris, never again to leave it. Out- 
side of the affections which drew him there he had been led to it 
by differences of view with respect to his teachings, which had 
arisen between him and some of his disciples. This contention 
was for him one of the most painful, and he was so much af- 
fected by it that he came to the determination to publish noth- 
ing more of the considerable amount of manuscript material he 
had in readiness. 

" 'The arrival of Hahnemann in Paris was announced in all the 
journals and was an event in the scientific world. Truth com- 


pels US to say that patients flocked to him in troops and that he 
soon had one of the most crowded clinics in Paris. His 
rich clientage did not prevent his devoting his treatment 
and counsel also to the poor without remuneration. 
Nevertheless, his opponents endeavored to cause him the same 
difficulties which had so disquieted his career in Germany, and 
we gladly give here an anecdote which does honor to Guizot. 
When Hahnemann settled in Paris Guizot was Minister of 
Public Instruction. Some persons crowded around him and 
went even so far as to claim an importance by pretending — no 
doubt without foundation — that they were members of the 
Academy, and they urged him to forbid the founder of Homoeop- 
athy to practice his art. ' Hahnemann is a scholar of great 
merit,' answered Guizot, 'science must be free for all. If 
Homoeopathy is a chimera, or a system without any internal sub- 
stance, it will, fall of itself. But if it is an advance it will spread 
even despite our repressive measures, and this the Academy 
should wish above all others, for the Academy has the mission 
to forward science and to encourage its discoveries.' 

"'Even to his last moment Hahnemann practiced his art with- 
out disturbance or obstruction, under the protection of French 
hospitality. He had finally entered into the harbor of 
his rest after a life tossed by many storms. Surrounded by the 
esteem of his adherents and disciples and encompassed by the 
intelligent love and affection of his wife, who not only compre- 
hended him, but also participated in his labors and his studies; 
rich finally in the gain afibrded him by his calling, he constantly 
to the last hour blessed the event that had brought him into our 
country. His vigorous age knew no bodily weakness nor mental 
debility, and he concluded his long career with a gentle death 
on the second of July, 1843, leaving Madame Hahnemann as the 
heiress of his teachings, precepts and observations which he had 
set down unremittingly in his numerous manuscripts. His 
teachings which he has left to science may be briefly summed 
up in a few comprehensive aphorisms: Diseases are healed by 
similar ones; i. <?., through medicaments which in the health)'' 
man produce the characteristic symptoms of the disorder to be 
combatted. The strength and the effectiveness of medicaments 
are only discovered by experiments with the pure matter on the 
healthy body; its purity; i. e., its unity is the indispensable 


condition of its efficacy. The motion which is communicated to 
the medicines at their preparation gives them a force which is 
multiplied through the division of their parts, whereby their 
spiritual qualities are developed, and by the similarity of their 
nature they can thus directly come to the aid of the suffering 
organs. The diseases with which men are afflicted are divided 
into three great classes: the acute, the epidemic and the chronic 
or psoric diseases. But the same medicaments cannot be used 
with each one of these three great classes of human diseases, 
every disease is individual, the original element of disease modi- 
fies itself according to the bodily constitution, according to 
former processes in the body, and according to the mental and 
physical state of the subject. 

"'The Homoeopath must therefore carefully search out the 
various symptoms which constitute the morbid state of the 
patient, and must seek out that medicament for its cure which 
-in the healthy body causes symptoms which are as nearly as 
possible similar to those of the diseases to be treated. The 
Homoeopathic medicaments are therefore in a certain degree in- 
dividual like the accidents of disease. Nature has richly sup- 
plied man in the plants, the metals, and in the apparently dead 
matter, with the most effective and varied remedies, all that it 
needs is to discover them; but this can only be done through 
constant experimenting carried on for many years. The Hom- 
oeopathic Materia Medica contains the enumeration of a great 
number of curative peculiarities and properties in the realm of 
Nature, but it has still before it a whole series of observations 
and discoveries immeasurable as Nature itself. 

"'It is not our intention to pass judgment respecting the 
merits of Hahnemann's teachings; we would also be utterly in- 
competent for such a work. Our task must and does confine 
itself to state and explain his method. But we would not fulfil our 
duty as historians if we should not add that at this day his 
method is practiced in the whole world; that it has numerous 
and zealous apostles in France, the United States, and in all the 
civilized countries of the Orient and Occident, and that it seems 
to have won the supremacy in Germany through the importance 
and excellence of its representatives. If we still add, that it has 
to a certain degree stood the test of time, and that we may con- 
ceive the point of time to have come where it must draw on 


itself the undivided attention and the serious investigation of 
scientific bodies and of scientists who have made it their life's 
work to alleviate the sufferings of humanity. 

" ' A register giving the titles of the works either written or 
translated by Hahnemann will still more contribute to give a 
just idea of the extent of his labors and of his knowledge.'* 

" Now the passages in this article to which we take exception 
are the following: 

"After Hahnemann's residence in Hettstadt, Dessau and Gom- 
mern has been mentioned, we read: ' He here on December i, 
1782, married Henriette Kuchler, the daughter of a druggist in 
Dessau, by whom he had eleven children.' 

" Shortly after this Hahnemann's grand intention, worthy of 
a hero, to give up his practice until he should discover a new 
curative method blessed for all mankind, instead of the old 
method which he recognized as unsatisfactory, is introduced by 
the words: ' He had already a practice of many years' standing, 
a good reputation, he was married and the head of a numerous 
family; to put the crown on his misfortune he was also exposed 
to the reproaches of his wife and his daughters. This mother, 
who was embittered on account of the privations laid upon his 
family and who could not understand the sentiments which ani- 
mated her husband, piled upon him bitter reproaches for having 
bartered away his wealth for poverty, and for sacrificing the 
reality of life for empty dreams and chimeras.' 

" We would only here insist upon it that there is not a word 
which would correspond with such views and reproaches; when 
Hahnemann moved from Coethen to Paris he himself in a letter 
to his neighbor, merchant Ulbricht, warmly commends both his 
daughters to his care. 

" How this picture contrasts with the brilliant portrait of the 
second wife of the great man, Melanie d'Hervilly, in the same 
article, which is found in this work that places on its title page 
the proud name of 'Histoire.' 'She is distinguished by the 
charms and excellencies of her mind and an extent of knowl- 
edge unusual for her sex. She esteemed and admired him (H) 
and this admiration ended in a marriage which bestowed an un- 
interrupted happiness to the last years of the life of the aged 

*(In the French article here follows a list of the works; this list is omitted 
iu the German book: "Treue Bilder.") 


man. By her he finall}^ found his haven of rest after a life so 
traversed b)^ storms. Surrounded by the respect of his adherents 
and of his disciples, encompassed by the intelligent affection of 
a wife who not only understood but even took part in his labors 
and in his studies, etc' 

" Even the most impartial reader will here notice the intention, 
and smile. While the bond of the most lovely marriage and 
the happiness of possessing eleven excellent children is in the 
coolest manner merely mentioned, the trumpets sound at the 
approach of the charming French woman. While the reproach 
of unkindness, hardness and narrowness of mind is hurled at 
the most faithful companion of his life, Madame Melanie appears 
as the angel of peace, who fans tranquility to the old man 
weary from cares. 

"A German who knows the sacred nature of German marriage 
and at the same time knows how corroded and corrupt marital 
relations are in our neighboring country, in the land of gal- 
lantry, and where the esprit gaps at us and disgusts us, a Ger- 
man will consider it a matter of deep interest to protect a German 
woman, the noble companion of one of its greatest men, from 
the insults of French perversions of history, now once for all. 

" Let us then first of all see what these two wives were to 
this great husband. Johanne lycopoldine sacrificed to him her 
whole' property when he, as already mentioned, formed the 
great souled resolution of withdrawing altogether into the 
sanctuary of his creative mind,- in order to devise ways and 
means to relieve mankind from the bodily sufferings afflicting 
it, after he had recognized the existing methods though a thou- 
sand years old, still not only insufficient but as causing unceas- 
ing new corruptions. That the thoughtful housewife, the 
faithful mother often must have been full of anxiety when she 
considered what would become of her numerous family if Hahne- 
mann should not satisfactorily solve the difficult problem — who 
would wonder at this? Who, rather, would not wonder if the 
German woman had not under such circumstances frequently 
looked anxiously into the future, instead of contenting herself, 
with French frivolity, with the joys of an evening. 

"Melanie, as was found out later, was not rich when she 
came to Coethen, and ensnared the venerable old man in French 
style, with her bonds of love, and she finally, as it were, carried 


him away with a considerable part of his possessions, all of 
which the deceased wife had held together with wise economy; 
thus she transferred him out of the circle of a happy home into 
the brilliant salons of the French capital. 

" Johanne H. L. watched with tender care over the domestic 
happiness, the tranquil peace of the great master, so that he 
only felt happy in his house, in his family, and seldom left 
them; a care and a loving activity which her faithful, noble 
daughters after her death undertook and exercised. Who has 
not read with heartfelt sympathy the passage in the 'Biography 
of Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann,' Leipzig, 1851, page 
103, which describes this state, to attest the authenticity of 
which the author could find numerous still living witnesses 
in Coethen. 

"Melanie who, after her marriage with Hahnemann, led a 
most brilliant life (compare the description of the celebration of 
the loth of August, 1836, in the Frankfiu^ter Journal, No. 66), 
and who must have expended enormous sums which she made 
the old man of 80 years work for, by compelling him quite 
against his custom to establish a far extended clinic outside of 
his house (in Coethen he only visited his illustrious patron, the 
genial Duke Ferdinand), so that he daily drove about in the 
labyrinthine Paris to make calls on his patients. In a letter of 
the late Hahnemann, of April 17, 1842, to the Aulic Councillor, 
Dr. Lehmann, he wrote: 'Since I have been in Paris, no Ger- 
man physician has had any instruction from me, nor has anyone 
been allowed to visit patients in m)^ name.' And in a former 
letter to Dr. Lehmann, he wrote: 'I have been able to restore 
some 1000 patients, and not one of them died, though it (the 
malignant grippe) has taken away many thousand men from 
the hands of others.' 

"Was that the haven of rest, O noble old man, weary of 
laurels, into which your second wife, in her tender love, led you? 

" How often there may you have wished youiself back in your 
quiet asylum, which even to this day is protected by the faith- 
ful hands of your children, like a sanctuary ? How often, when 
the noise of the Italian opera sounded around you, did you long 
in your spirit to be back in 3^our undefiled family room, where 
after your quiet activity and the blessed work of the day you 
were delighted with the happiness and the love of your dear 

" true; PICTURES " CONTINUED. 221 

' ' But the masterwork of the love of Melanie is the already 
cited testament of Hahnemann, which his grandson, the cele- 
brated Dr. Suss-Hahnemann, in London, to the delight of all 
admirers of the family, has finally published in the before- 
mentioned journal.* 


"TRUE pictures" CONTINUED. 

Hahnemann's will is now quoted in full. It will be given 
later on in the present volume. The author of the "True Pic- 
tures," whose name is nowhere given, then continues in regard 
to this will as follows: 

"Yes, noble spirit, this testament is not your work, you knew 
your loved ones too well to presuppose any such sentiments in 
them. As you yourself did good, as long as you were free, so 
your daughter and grandchildren have only done good as long 
as they lived, and those who are still alive are still doing good. 
And how could you have threatened the children of your I^eo- 
poldine, who faithfully shared with you storm and sunshine; 
how could you have threatened them, when you were compelled 
to always think gratefully of this noble wife, who not only gave 
you these children, but also gave them the heritage of her love 
for you. 

"To the psychologist this authorship may be no secret, but 
sound common sense will see the secret wires at work which put 
in motion the powers which originated this testament. 

" But we have not the duty of a psychologist but that of a his- 
torian before us, and shall now also walk in the historical path- 
way, although a German man and a German woman would be 
contented with this simple parallel for the formation of a sure 
judgment as to the character of the two wives of the great man. 

"Let us then conduct the historical demonstration, in which 
we need not complain that, as a matter of course, we have only 
a few officialdocuments with respect to the domestic circle of 
activity, of the noble housewife. For these few will suffice to 
free her memory from these slanders. 

"The most important proof is given by Hahnemann himself, 

* Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. 22, p. 674. 


in his autobiography (published in ' Chr. Fr. Sam. Hahnemann, 
Biographisches Denkmal,' Leipzig, 1851), which he wrote only 
for his own use, in his quiet privacy, and which was composed 
at the very time when he was involved in the most severe scien- 
tific and material conflicts, in the year 1791. The passages bear- 
ing on the subject are: 

" 'Yet I then (in Gommern) first began to enjoy somewhat 
more fully the innocent joys of domestic life, together with the 
sweetness of employment, in the company of the companion of 
my life, whom I married immediately on entering on my ofiice, 
namely, Henriette Kuchler, etc' 

"And, lastly, concerning his stay in Leipsic: 'Four daughters 
and one son, together with my wife, constitute the spice of my 

"Ernst von Brunnow, the author of the first French transla- 
tion of Hahnemann's 'Organon of Medicine,' who had a long 
acquaintance with Hahnemann and his family, wrote, according 
to his own confession, free from all partisan spirit: 'Ein Blick 
auf Hahnemann und die Homoopathie.' 

"In this work he says, on page 30: 'The family of Hahne- 
mann really offered a model of the old German discipline of chil- 
dren. But not only obedience, but also really the most sincere 
love of the children towards their parents could be seen there. 
In the midst of the amusement-loving and elegant L,eipsic his 
daughters took no part in any public amusement, went dressed 
simply, like the daughters of a mechanic, and attended to the 
most menial employments of the household with cheerfulness.' 

"We further call particular attention to the fact that Hahne- 
mann, in 1789, gave up his medical practice (see Argenti, above) 
and wrote down his acknowledgment, given above, on the 30th 
of August, 1791, thus just during the time (see Autobiography) 
when his wife and children are said to have set the crown on the 
misfortunes of the great thinker. How do 3'ou feel, Herr Bio- 
grapher, as these facts are compared ? 

"What historian of even moderately honest intentions and 
scientific spirit can, after these testimonies, put any confidence in 
the communications of the ' Biographic Universalle?' 

"And yet, let us bring some further documents from Hahne- 
mann's own family. When Melanie had prepossessed the good 
father against the whole family, his daughter, Fran Dr. Louise 

"TRUE pictures" CONTINUED. 223 

Mossdorf, nee Hahnemann, equally distinguished for her intelli- 
gence and her heart, wrote a letter to her father on November lo, 
1834, which is in our possession in a well attested copy, and 
which contains a panegyric on her deceased mother that must 
move every impartial reader to tears. It is as follows: 

" ' My ardently beloved father, do listen to me! 

" ' In recalling my blessed mother and her incomparable traits 
of character and her virtues, my heart breaks! All the virtues 
of her mind and heart will make her ever memorable to you. 

"'That the blessed departed for nearly forty-eight years 
clung to you with unchanging fidelity, brought up with you ten 
children, and this under the most crushing surroundings, roamed 
over a great part of the world with you, and, indeed, pursued by 
the most dreadful persecutions of the enemies of Homoeopathy, 
of all kinds and in thousandfold distresses, want and care; that 
she always willingly and gladly sacrificed the last penny of 
her fortune as well as her most valuable jewelry, bedding, 
clothing, etc., in order to relieve you and the children from all 
want, and to drive away hunger and anxiety; that she in every 
condition gave you her faithful assistance comforted you and 
helped you to bear innumerable sufferings and pains; in the 
most deadly diseases ofiered you and the children her unswerv- 
ing aid, and bore the most terrible persecutions with dignity; 
ever inspired the children with the greatest esteem due to you, 
and impressed upon them to consider what love and gratitude 
they owed to you; how she ever admonished the children to 
everything right and good and to every virtue. 

" ' We owe her never ending thanks, and once more loudly 
declare it! Never ending thanks to her! All honor to her! The 
most fervent love, affection and true reverence to the dear de- 
parted! Would that all wives and mothers might faithfully follow 
her example! 

" 'Fantastic and romantic notions she eschewed. She lived 
only in the reality, till she at the end stretched out to us her 
dear hand with the most impressive maternal admonitions, and 
several times yet stretched out her faithful hand to you, which 
had assisted in guiding you happily through your life agitated 
by a thousand storms, and with tears clung to you with her 
loving, blessing gaze, and in consequence of her unexampled 
fidelity found it so hard to part from you. What a touching 


scene. While we yet love on earth and have our complete con- 
sciousness, every thought of it must deeply move us and stir us 
and can never, never be extinguished from our thankful heart, 
if we belong to God and hope to be received into His fatherly 

"'Written November lo, 1834, for a memorial of the dear 
departed one. " ' Louise.' " 

"According to this letter the departed one was quite the true 
woman whom we have characterized above. When on the cen- 
tenary of Hahnemann's birthday, in the year 1855, his statue 
was unveiled at Coethen, the daughters, grandchildren and 
great-grandchildren dedicated a poem to the mother, which, 
being composed by the daughter Louise, may here find a place. 

"'For the celebration of the one hundredth birthdaj- of 
Samuel Hahnemann and the unveiling of his statue in the 
garden of the Clinic of Sanitary Councillor, Dr. Lutze, on the 
loth of April, 1855, the same festive day the remaining daugh- 
ters, grandchildren and great-grandchildren sing humbly with 
truly childlike love and affection to their mother and grand- 
mother and great- grandmother, Johanne Henriette Leopoldine 
Hahnemann, nee Kuchler, the following song:'* 

Here follows the song. 

"So strong was the band of love with which Johanne had 
enfolded her family that the children did not think it right to 
celebrate the centenary of their father without proclaiming at 
the same time to their mother, twenty-five years after her death, 
these touching words of undying love. 

" We have numberless other proofs, but we do not use them 
for fear that these family testimonials might be suspected of par- 
tiality, although we are so much convinced of their genuine 
character that we would be glad to vouch for them with our 

* The music of this composition is placed as an appendix to the book, 
"Treue Bilder," the full and complete score being written. 




"We will yet adduce another outside testimonial for the 
happy family life of Hahnemann's first marriage, that of Dr. 
Argenti, in Pesth, as we find it in Dr. Lutze's Fliege^tde Blatter 
ueber die Homoopathie, Year 7, No. 20, p. 163. We there read: 
' So four years passed in Dresden and its environs in a very 
agreeable manner in the circle of his increasing family, for he 
then already had four daughters and one son, who, together 
with his wife, embellished his life.' 

"Dr. Argenti rests as to this statement, evidently, and with 
the highest scientific propriety, on the already adduced passages 
of Hahnemann's autobiography. 

"Just as important passages we might extract from the letters 
of numerous young physicians (especially that of Dr. Hartlaub), 
some of whom lived for a considerable time in Hahnemann's 
house, and were here obliged to become acquainted with his 
family life. 

"They all praise the familiar, loving, harmonious life of his 
family in the most indubitable terms; the beloved, honored lady 
counsellor, the friendly, modest daughters. Especially we must 
make mention of the lately deceased daughter, Charlotte, who 
was distinguished for her kindly heart. She was the most con- 
stant assistant of her father in preparing and potentizing the 
medicines; she had much perseverance, was extremely punctual 
and conscientious, most resembled her father and was much 
loved by him. She composed verses and drew very prettily, 
and was especially useful in the housekeeping department. 

"It is true, indeed, that a few of those physicians, and espe- 
cially such as were largely aided in a material way by Hahne- 
mann, afterwards sought to slander his family. But also this 
contradiction is easily solved. For who of our readers does not 
know how easily parasitical plants wind around a vigorous, 
thrifty, proud tree, to waste in slothful idleness that which 
genius in the wild storm of the contest and with manifold priva- 


tions has gathered together. The child-like, pure spirit of 
Hahnemann, his (I am sorry to say, frequently abused) good 
nature, his mind ever pursuing the ideal, likely made him fre- 
quently forget that even the greatest genius cannot do without 
the firm soil of the solid earth so long as he lives here below 
with his own. 

"We do not wish to introduce any individual case of this 
parasitical tribe, but shall only adduce an example of his liberal 
disposition in financial affairs. Hahnemann had offered a cele- 
brated and rich publishing house in lycipsic the manuscript of a 
book about Allopathy, and he had entered into a contract secur- 
ing him twenty thalers. Later on the publishing house com- 
plained of the bad times and he voluntarily reduced his demands 
to ten thalers. In a letter of July i6, 1831, the publisher ac- 
cepted the present with the words: 'We accept your kindness 
in this present very depressed state of business and transmit to 
you enclosed ten thalers, Pruss. Cour.' And these ten thalers 
he at once donated to a charitable institution, while the same 
publishers afterwards printed abusive articles about Homoeo- 
pathy in a journal appearing with their imprint. 

"The arranging, penetrating mind of the first partner of his 
life, which instinctively separated the good from the evil (the 
enviable heritage of noble-minded women) no doubt always dis- 
covered such pretended admirers of her great husband and also 
made them harmless — et hinc illae lachrimae ! On the other 
hand, the worthy Johanne H. I,., like her daughters, showed 
her charity to innumerable worthy, deserving poor, as her ad- 
mirers in Coethen will testify; and even thirty-four years after 
her death grateful friends visit the grave of the blessed departed. 

"Her household always bore the impress of the well-to-do 
citizen, equally far removed from the foolish, extravagant luxury 
of the haute volee of Paris as from the meanness of the filthy 
avarice which would have been unworthy of the world- renowned 
founder of a new era in the field of medicine. 

"We conclude our series of quotations from the before- 
mentioned Biographj' of Hahnemann (Leipsic, 1851, its author 
a friend and admirer of Hahnemann of many years standing), 
with the following, concerning his family life: 'He had lived in 
a very happy marriage from which had sprung nine daughters 
and two sons. His- wife (Johanne H. L.) had been, in the 


noblest and highest sense of the word, the treasure of his life. 
A whole souled woman, a whole-souled wife, housekeeper and 
mother, living only for her circle, resigning every worldly 
pleasure, she accompanied her husband through life with the 
most faithful affection. Lifted up by the pinions of her own 
spirit, she assisted in enabling him to soar up to the height of 
fame. Therefore he felt impelled, after having entered into the 
haven of external calm in Coethen, to say jn his happiest hour 
to the loving companion of his life: 'Yes, mother, that is true, 
how could I have helped succumbing to the manifold persecu- 
tions which passed over me, without your support? How could 
I have been able to pass with such courage and such strength 
through the storms of life which drove us through hali the 
world if you had not so friendly stood at my side?' 

"Such an (musical) enjoyment in his own house gave to his 
spirit the wished for relaxation, refreshed his heart and unveiled 
the depths of his heart. ' How would I have been able,' he ex- 
claimed in such a moment, seizing the hand of his wife and 
looking into her eye with the fire of love: 'how would I have 
been able, my beloved, to have persevered in the many distress- 
ing relations of life without you; how could I have carried 
through my intention despite of all difficulties, how fight all my 
enemies with undiminished strength ? If you remain by my 
side, I hope to gain the most complete victory and to raise up 
my system despite of all opponents, to be everywhere and alone 

"Impartiality is not a pleasant virtue, says a celebrated his- 
torian, just as it is not a pleasant duty to give sentence; it must 
almost always give with the one hand and take with the other. 
And yet we acknowledge that we have enjoyed exercising it in 
this case. For either this biographer of Hahnemann worked 
with a nonchalance inexcusable in so comprehensive a work, 
which carelessness did not even think it worth while to look 
through most important sources for this work, or he had his 
private interests, which are incompatible with the dignity of 

" We are free to acknowledge that we are inclined to believe 
the latter, and to suppose that that treatise intends an apotheosis 
of Melanie at the expense of Hahnemann's own family. So that 
writer sought to find a motive for Hahnemann's leaving Coethen 


in this, that his ungrateful fellow-citizens persecuted their bene- 
factor. He was insulted here, as he says, in a gross manner by 
the mob. Cries were uttered under his windows, and his window 
panes were broken with stones, etc. In the original we read: 
' II y fut outrage par la populace. Des cris furent pousses sous 
ses fenetres et ses vitres furent brisees a coup de pierres.' De- 
spite the remarkable success of his cures, he was none the less 
the object of the manifestations mentioned by us and of the 
grossest insults. In the original we read: ' Ce succes remarqu- 
able ne I'empecha pas d'etre en butte pendant huit ans aux 
manifestations et aux outrages dont nous avons parle.' Who 
does not recognize the French author who sees before him the 
'Canaille de Paris' with its 'a bas Guizot! L,ampions! Lam- 
pions ! ' 

"The good people of Coethen are supposed to have been cap- 
able of raising a tumult against a celebrated fellow-citizen who 
is even at this' day, after a separation of thirty years, loved and 
honored by them; a tumult which we could only find in the 
most ill- famed of the Faubourgs of Paris. From eye-witnesses- 
and members of the family it is established to the contrary that 
all these manifestations are to be reduced to the one fact, that 
once a boy, who besides was regarded in the city as idiotic, made 
a slip while playing with his cross bow on the street and shot 
a pebble into a window pane of Hahnemann's house. ' Sic 
crescunt minimse res,' etc., in the hands a French journalist! 

" If the ' Biographic ' further relates that Hahnemann was in- 
duced to his transfer to Paris by the differences of opinion as to 
his teachings, which had developed between him and some of 
his pupils, and that he was so affected by this most painful of 
all disputes that he was considering the resolution not to publish 
any more of the considerable amount of his writings which he 
had prepared; this assertion is also refuted by the fact which 
is well known to all German Homoeopaths of that time, that 
Hahnemann in the year 1835 at the parting banquet which he 
gave to his disciples in the Hotel de Pologne in Leipsic, offered 
to leave to them the royalty of the last book he had written in 
Germany for a memorial, and that his disciples, though they did 
not need it, promised to receive it thankfully as a loving legacy 
of their master. 

"Why, finally, the 'Biographic' does not, with a word,. 

"TRUE pictures" CONCLUDED. 229 

mention his funeral, unworthy of a great man, and also by this 
invites the reproach of a particular tendency, will best appear 
from the passage of the above printed article from Meyer's 
Hornoopathische Zeihing. 

" We would only, finally, request the reader to carefully com- 
pare the sketch in ' Michaud's Biographie universalle ancienne 
et moderne' with the testament of Hahnemann. Kven the 
reader, who is least influenced by prejudice, will not fail to notice 
a certain relation of affinity between the two documents, and he 
will not then consider our supposition as to the tendency of the 
former to be frivolous. 

"But thou, noble Johanne Henri ette Leopoldine, slurcber 
quietly under the wreaths of love and reverence with which thy 
husband, thy children and thy friends have so richly decked thy 
grave; yes, and still adore it to this day. Thy spirit, now raised 
above the tumultuous conflicts of this lowly life on earth, enjoys 
-gladly the reunion with the beloved husband and the children 
who have followed thee in those higher regions, while here 
below, in the remembrance of a grateful posterity, a second im- 
mortality is found for thee. 

"Whilst thou above walk in the light of the eternal truth, 
shades of falsehood, malignity and ignorance often yet cloud 
thy image; but the truth will finally conquer also here, and will 
glorify and protect thy memory for all times !" 

It needs no printed name to the above vindication of the 
memory' of Frau Hahnemann to indicate that the pamphlet was 
the work of one of Hahnemann's daughters. It has been given 
just as it was published. That Frau Hahnemann was a good 
wife and mother, faithful amid trials and always loyal, all evi- 
dence decides.* 

Albrecht, the author of the " Biographisches Denkmal," says 
that in order to understand Hahnemann's character one must 
realize fully his relations to his family and friends. He then il- 
lustrates his kindly feeling towards his wife by quoting the fol- 
lowing letter, written to her upon their wedding day. He uses 
the familiar name of endearment, Elise, as was often his custom. 
"He usually called her Elise, because he was very fond of that 

*A portrait of Frau Hahnemann was published in Dr. Puhlmann's Leip- 
ziger Popiilaire Zeitschrift fur Homoopathie, July i, 1893. 
t" Biographisches Denkmal," p. no. 


" On the day of my union with my beloved Johanne Henriette 
lyeopoldine Kuchlerin (born at Dessau, December i, 1763). 


"What solemn stillness is in the world around me! 

"Presentiments of higher feelings pulse gently through all 
the nerves of my expanding senses. Never did the sun rise 
more solemnly for me, never flowed the warm blood more uni- 
formly in my veins, never did my heart beat more harmoniously 
and significantly than to-day, when it beats for thee, Elise, for 

"Feel here, how warm, how sincere! It beats not thus in the 
bosom of the effeminate or unfeeling! Here, faithful friend, 
shalt thou rest! 

" Here shalt thou await whatever blessings may flow softly 
over thee from my hand! Here mayest thou listen to the grate- 
ful sharer of thy virtues as he tells thee of the world and en- 
sures to thy virtue the reward ever bestowed upon the good, as 
experience has so often proved; here thou mayest enliven thy 
mournful hours, and wisely confirm the wavering heart on which 
thou reposest so trustfully. 

"There, take forever the hand which will with joy smooth 
the roughness of thy pilgrimage! Take the heart which never 
ruined the innocent, never refused consolation, and sometimes — 
rejoice to think of it — has done good, which, in a word, is proud 
to have selected thee. 

"If you deem it of any value, take it. I praise thee not, I 
only know thee; admire thee not, only love thee; and, willst 
thou believe me? so calmly, so judiciously, that I am satisfied 
that after many years, if possible, that I shall feel still more for 
thee, if at least the closest of all happy ties can be enduringly 
interwoven by Providence. 

"Let us then, Elise, entwined in each other's love, seize the 
happy moments and string them as pearls on our common 
thread of life, regardless that an irresistible something may rend 
our God-like cord, revenging the greater happiness, should this 
fail, in the pleasant memory of bygone enjoyments. 

"Darling! I go to encounter the battles, the weary burden 
of life! but I shall also encounter thy animated, innocent em- 
braces, the encouragement of thy example, the trustful nature 
of thy full heart which beats for me. Would that I had a 


thousand times greater strength to imitate thy diligence, un- 
swervingly to follow the example of thy virtues, to respond with 
fuller power to all thou dost for me and to all thou feelest for 
me. Dearest friend, be happy! 

"The soaring power of all my youthful nerves filled with the 
spirit of life, as well as the cooling warmth of the blood which 
soon will become chilled in my dying heart, belong to thee, 
Elise, to thee!" 

After the death of Frau Hahnemann the household was con- 
ducted by the two daughters, and the domestic life went on in 
the usual quiet, scholarly fashion. Albrecht says:* "He was 
the same stately, vigorous old man, whose regular manner of 
life went on as in the lifetime of his wife." 



It was during the 3'ear 1830 that Hahnemann made a won- 
derful cure, which conclusively proved that his new doctrine 
regarding the cause and cure of chronic diseases was correct. 
His distinguished patient was one Dr. Julius Aegidi, a promi- 
nent Allopathic physician and army surgeon. As a result he 
became a believer in Homoeopathy, which method he practised 
until his death. f 

In a Eeipsic Homoeopathic journal Dr. Aegidi published an 
article giving his reasons for examining and believing in 
Homoeopathy, as follows:^ 

" In the autumn of 1830 I was thrown from a vehicle, severely 
injured my shoulder and also took a violent cold. By local 
bloodletting and the usual antiphlogistic treatment the most dis- 
tressing of my symptoms were removed in the course of a few 
days; still a paralytic heaviness of the arm remained, and in the 
course of a few weeks very severe periodical pains set in, which 
shot from the shoulder to the elbow; and gradually I lost the 

* "Leben und Wirken," p. 73. 

tDr. Aegidi died at Freieuwalde, Germany, on May 11, 1874, in his 79th 

XHom. Examiner, Vol. ii., June, 1841. Northwest Jour. Horn., Vol. ii., 
p. 142. Allg. Horn. Zeit., Vol. vii. 


use of the arm more and more, while the sensation of palsy and 
heaviness increased daily; every, even the slightest, pressure 
upon the diseased part, caused the most insupportable pains; 
the suffering limb commenced to waste away, while the shoulder 
and elbow joints began to swell. 

" After exhausting my own medical knowledge, I placed my- 
self under the care of several of my most worthy colleagues; but 
after the lapse of a year the above mentioned symptoms still 
continued, with even more than their former severity; all motion 
of the arm was suspended; the shoulder hung one inch and a 
half lower than the sound one; the anterior surface of the 
shoulder joint and the articular surfaces of the elbow joint were 
much enlarged; the elbow stood about four inches off from the 
body, and every attempt to approximate it to the side occasioned 
the most intense pains; the left shoulder blade was drawn 
strongly outwards and to one side; the coracoid process was 
situated about half an inch below the collar bone; the supra- 
spinatus muscle had diminished perceptibly in size. 

"The pains, which were increased to an insupportable degree 
by the slightest external pressure, were always very intensely 
aggravated at night, so that any rest and sleep was out of the 
question. My whole body, but the affected side in particular, 
became much emaciated; the emaciation even extended to the 
left half of the face. My pulse was slow; skin pale; I suffered 
much from coldness of the whole body, and my digestion was 
much impaired. On account of an hereditary predisposition to 
gout, anti-arthritic treatment was now instituted by my medical 
advisers, and two large issues were opened, one upon the arm, 
the other upon the shoulder blade. 

"After the continued use of these means for about four 
months, without any improvement, the issues were allowed to 
dry up, and two setons were inserted in their places. As no 
essential improvement took place in the course of several 
months, the actual cautery was applied to the shoulder joint; 
and in consequence I enjoyed comparative freedom from pain for 
about one month, during which period of time I also recovered 
the use of my arm in some measure, and even began to flatter 
myself with the hope of a perfect restoration. 

"But my joy did not last long; for when the burnt places 
began to heal slight returns of my former pains set in and con- 


centrated themselves about the elbow joint, which began to 
swell, while the shoulder joint diminished in size in the same 
ratio; so that in the course of several months the elbow joint 
had become the seat of the same disease that had formerly- 
affected the shoulder joint. To complete my misery, enlarge- 
ments of other bones, viz.: the clavicles, the sacrum, etc., took 
place and rendered every position that I assumed in bed 
extremely painful. In utter despair of any relief from the use 
of Allopathic remedies I desisted entirely from all medical treat- 
ment, and my condition grew worse from day to day. 

" At length I concluded to consult Hahnemann. I wrote him 
a statement of my case, and begged for advice and assistance. 
He answered me, among other remarks: 'Your disease is of far 
older date than you have any idea of. You must have had the 
itch at some time, or some other eruptive disease which was im- 
properly cured. Your disease is constitutional, and however 
scientifically the issues, setons, and the hot irons may have been 
applied, their action, of course, could only be local. You thought 
if free suppuration could be brought about, your shoulder would 
be cured and your whole body would remain fresh and sound. 
But how miserably were all your hopes disappointed — how rapidly 
did your disease extend itself. How foolish are such gross ideas 
of disease, and what cruelty attends their application in the at- 
tempt to cure disease. But a ray of truth must soon penetrate 
into this Egyptian darkness; the dawn of better things ap- 

"No words can express my astonishment at the positiveness 
■with which Hahnemann asserted that I must have been afflicted 
with some eruptive disease which had been suppressed, but not 
cured. Five years before, while I was officiating as assistant 
surgeon in the Berlin Hospital, I had pricked my finger with a 
lancet with which I had just opened an abscess in the person 
of a patient who was at the time affected with the itch. I 
thought nothing about it at the time, but on the following day 
a small pustule formed on the finger and occasioned an intense 
itching and burning. I applied caustic to it, and a small sore 
remained for several days, to which I applied an ointment. 

"About this time I received an appointment as an army 
surgeon and traveled by mail to join my division; but on the 
second day of my journey the wound in my finger became in- 


flamed, and not only my hand, but the whole arm, as far as the 
shoulder joint, became so swollen and painful that I was obliged 
to discontinue my journey. Rest and warm fomentations soon 
relieved me, but several months elapsed before I succeeded in 
healing the wound on my finger. Soon after it had entirely 
healed, I was attacked with acute rheumatism on my left shoulder, 
that lasted for several weeks, but I did not dream that there was 
any connection between it and my former affection of the hand. 
With the exception of transient twinges and darts of pain about 
the shoulder joint, I had considered myself perfectly well up to 
the time that I was thrown from my vehicle. 

"Convinced that Hahnemann had formed a correct opinion 
of my case, I commenced taking the powders he had sent me, 
and indulged in the highest hopes of a speedy recovery. But 
my patience was destined to be sorely tried; I had received 
nine powders, of which one was to be taken every fifth day. 
During the course of the first week several new symptoms arose, 
but no amelioration of my suffering took place. Soon after, 
however, a slight improvement commenced and gradually prog- 
ressed until towards the end of the fifth week, when I could 
lift my arm with comparative ease, and could bend and extend 
my elbow; the swelling of the joint had disappeared entirely and 
all pain had left me; and from that time to the present (eight 
years) I have never had the slightest return of my former com- 

"After so brilliant a confirmation in my own person of the 
value of Homoeopathy, I applied myself with zeal to the study 
and practice of it, and have been abundantly rewarded in fre- 
quently witnessing the most rapid and permanent cures of the 
most dangerous and deep-rooted diseases." 

Dr. Dudgeon, in speaking of Aegidi, says:* "Dr. Aegidi, of 
Freienwalde on the Oder, though an ardent disciple of Hahne- 
mann, went very near to ruin the system. He began to make 
experiments along with Boenninghausen, of Munster, in 1832^ 
with respect to the administration of mixtures of Homoeopathic 
medicines, and Hahnemann was so taken with the idea that he 
proposed inserting a paragraph in the fifth edition of the 
' Organon ' (1833), recommending such mixtures. He was, 
however, induced not to do this by the protests of the Central 
*Hom. World, Vol. xxv., p. 113. 


Society of Homoeopathic Physicians, and Aegidi, himself becom- 
ing convinced of the dangers of such a practice, joined in per- 
suading Hahnemann to abandon his project. L,utze, of Coethen, 
as is well known, published an edition of the ' Organ on ' in 
1865, with the suppressed paragraph recommending medicinal 

The matter will be more fully mentioned in the chapter on the 
rival Organons. 

After Aegidi' s conversion he became physician, through 
Hahnemann's recommendation, to the Princess Frederika of 
Prussia. Hahnemann mentions him thus to Stapf:* "Enclosed 
I return you Aegidi' s letter. I felt it incumbent on me to com- 
municate it to the Princess, and I did well, for the Prince has 
already found a vacant post of regimental surgeon in a hussar 
regiment, and has begged the General Staff- Surgeon von Wiebel 
to appoint Dr. Aegidi to the post. This I have already an- 
nounced to Dr. Aegidi. I am happy to have been able to pro- 
cure this good fortune for the excellent Aegidi, and in addition 
to the pay attached to the post, he can freely and frankly prac- 
tice Homoeopathy in a populous town under the protection of 
the ruler of the land, and may even prepare his own medicines 
and dispense them unhindered to all his patients. If this is not 
a real piece of Homoeopathic good luck, then I don't know what 
is. I have also received for him the patronage of the Princess, 
which he will retain, though at the same time I remain her 
chief physician," (Dated February 3, 1831.) 

In a letter dated May 12, 1831, he continues: f " If you men- 
tion in the Archiv the good fortune that has befallen Cammerer, 
do not forget to set forth, as a pendant to this, that Dr. Aegidi 
has been summoned from Tilsit to assume the post of Homoeo- 
pathic physician-in- ordinary to the Princess Frederika of Prussia 
in Dusseldorf, with a salary of six hundred thalers per annum, 
traveling expenses, free post, and a written permission from the 
authorities to enable him to prepare and dispense his Homoeo- 
pathic medicines, and that he has already entered upon his 
duties. Aegidi has now gone to fetch his family. 

"He writes me word on his way thither from Berlin that 
Boenninghausen, during his absence, will attend to the Princess' 

*Hom. World, Vol. xxv., p. 254. 
t Horn. World, Vol. xxv., p. 258. 


health, and that he has converted to Homoeopathy an eminent 
Allopathic physician in Alberfeld, Dr. Regenstecher — a very 
remarkable story. He winds up with this true remark: ' The 
greatest Allopathic thinkers, it they only possess hearts and 
heads, will by and by become the most zealous adherents to the 
truth.' " 



The first part of the third edition of the "Materia Medica 
Pura" was published bj'^ Arnold, of lycipsic, in 1830. A curious 
omission is mentioned by Hahnemann in a letter to Stapf, dated 
February 15, 1830:* "It is a pity that in the new third edition 
of the first volume of the ' Materia Medica Pura,' which is now 
being printed, I have forgotten to mention in the prefatory note 
to Nux vomica that even in persons of mild disposition a want 
of resolution (hesitancy) makes the patient a suitable subject for 
the employment of N21X vomica if it is indicated by the other 
symptoms. I beg you to communicate this to others." 

The second volume of this edition appeared in 1833. In the 
preface the reports of two cases treated by Hahnemann in 18 15 
may be found. These cases had appeared in the first edition of 
1816, but much explanatory matter is printed in this edition that 
did not appear in the two earlier editions. In this preface he 
gives his reasons for his decided aversion to publishing cases. 
Hahnemann never published but these two cases. He says:t 

"The request of many of my half-converted friends to give 
them specimens of my cures is difficult to do and of little use 
when done. Each case of disease that is cured shows how that 
particular case has been treated. The prosecution of the cure 
rests always on the same principles which are already known. 
In such case they cannot well be shown in the concrete, nor can 
they, by the mention of a few cures, become more distinct than 
by the exhibition of the principle." 

* Ham. World, Vol. xxv., p. 115. 

t "Reine Arzueimittellehre," 1833, Vol. ii. 


These ca§es were published as a preface to the second volume 
of the "Materia Medica Pura," third edition, 1833. They 
may be found in Dudgeon's edition of the Materia Medica, also 
in the Lesser Writings and in the B7dtish Journal of Homceopathy ."^ 
They were also published in Hempel's edition of the Materia 

Two cases were communicated by Hahnemann, from his note- 
book, to Boenninghausen, in 1843, and were by him published 
in Stapf 's Neues Archiv, vol. i, 1844. They also may be found 
in the I,esser Writings. With these exceptions, Hahnemann 
did not give to his followers any account of his cures. As an 
illustration of his reasons may be cited the story of the cure of 
Dr. Fleischmann, of Vienna, f He had for a long time been 
suflfering with the rheumatic gout and had tried many remedies. 
In despair he wrote, stating his symptoms, to Hahnemann. 
Hahnemann returned for answer a package of powders with 
directions. Improvement followed, and soon after the receipt 
of more powders, complete cure. Fleischmann wrote asking 
what had cured him. Hahnemann replied: "No; read the 
' Materia Medica Pura,' and you will find out. If the medicines 
were suited to any other case they would be found characterized 
there; if not, it is not necessary for you to know more." 

Dr. Fleischmann did study the Materia Medica and, impressed 
with that great book, finally became one of the most distinguished 
Homoeopathic physicians in Germany. 

Only the first and second volumes of this third edition of the 
" Materia Medica Pura" were ever published. Hering once, in 
scoring some of the fault-finders, said:| " We never got the third 
edition of any of the other four volumes because the anti- 
Hahnemannians, by their boasting and their braying, brought 
it into such a discredit that the second edition of the ' Chronic 
Diseases,' 1837 to 1839, became like the most of the Materia 
Medica, waste paper." 

Hering says that in the first and second editions of the Materia 
Medica Hahnemann kept his own symptoms separately from 
those of his fellow-provers. But in the ' Chronic diseases ' and 
in the third edition of the Materia Medica he allowed his own 

'^' Horn. Times, London, Vol. i., p. 9. Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. i., p. 178 
"S Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. i., p. 178. Vol. xxxi., p. 386. 
XN. Am. Jour. Hom., Vol. xxii., p. 102. 


symptoms with those of his provers, and such as were obtained 
from books of the old school, to be brought into one arrange- 

The "Materia Medica Pura" was translated into Italian by 
Dr. Roman! and published in Naples in 1825-28; in 1826 it was 
translated into Latin by Drs. Stapf, Gross and Von Brunnow, 
and published by Arnold at Leipsic. Dr. Bigel translated it 
into French in 1828; and Dr. Jourdan issued another French 
translation in 1834 at Paris; in 1877 Dr. Leon Simon again 
made a translation into the French. Dr. Hempel, in 1846, made 
a translation which was published by Radde, of New York. In 
England, in 1880, it was translated by Dr. Dudgeon and issued 
in London by the Homoeopathic Publishing Co. in two volumes. 
In 1873 Dr. Dadea rendered it into Italian, publishing it in 
parts in Turin, Italy.* 

In an article published in Stapf 's Archiv., Dr. Moritz Muller 
had already' pointed out the existence of two factions in the 
ranks of the Homoeopaths, whom he called the purists and the 
liberals. But the most cordial relations yet existed between 

The Central Homoepathic Union, founded at Coethen in 1829, 
met on August 10, 1830, at Leipsic. Everything passed oflf 
pleasantly and there was no lack of friendlj^ feeling on the part 
of all present. 

Hahnemann sent by the hand of Stapf an essay upon the 
treatment of chronic local diseases and particularly of phthisis, 
accompanied by the following letter if 

"Coethen, Aug. 5, 1830. 
' 'Dear Friend and Colleague : 

" Enclosed is the communication which I would like to make 
to the meeting of the loth of August. Let the sheet be slowly 
read aloud, and if you are going to give a report of the Congress 
in the Archiv, and include in the report this sheet as having 
been read before the Congress, you are at liberty to do so. 

"If after it has been read, and after other business, you 
should communicate to the meeting the enclosed anonymous 
article as though it was by some other person, you would do 

*See Bibliography at end of this book. 

■\Hom World, Vol. xxv., p. 210. "Annals Brit. Horn. Society," Vol. iii., 
P- 254. 


well. There are probably some among you who will understand 
its meaning and act accordingly. But to be serious, the 
Homoeopathic physician must eventually resolve that he shall 
no longer give sham medicines, but only the active remedy 
when and where it is necessary. In this way he will evade all 
so called prohibitory laws against dispensing our own medicines, 
and no criminal law court will be able to say a word. 
" Yours very truly, 

"Sam. Hahnemann." 

" Bear in mind that any one who undertakes the treatment of 
a chronic disease must always have the Allopathic prescriptions 
previously used before him; so that in his treatment he may 
avoid giving those medicines which the Allopath has already 
given before in large doses; e. g., Sulphur, when Sulphur has 
previously been given to excess; Natrium when much Selters- 
water has already been drunk, and Murias magnesia, when the 
patient has already taken too many sea baths." 

As this essay contains a recommendation for the use of an 
external application, and as it has been quite freely mentioned 
on this account, it is given here. 

The whole essay was published in Stapf's Archiv.^ It is 
not published in the " Lesser Writings." 

After speaking of the psoric theory and of the relation be- 
tween internal and skin diseases, he recommends the use of a 
plaster under the following conditions: 

"Now in order to diminish the morbid projection of the psoric 
affection upon the smaller and nobler organs, and to procure for 
this effort of the vital force to keep the internal dyscrasia in 
abeyance a more extensive surface on which it may expend its 
virulence, we must apply to the back something that shall at 
once check the cutaneous transpiration and at the same time be 
slightly irritant. 

"This may be accomplished by means of a plaster composed 
of six parts of Burgundy pitch to one of turpentine mixed to- 
gether over a charcoal fire, spread upon soft chamois leather, 
and applied warm by a uniform close pressure to the skin. It 
usually happens that a fine rash accompanied by considerable 
itching is soon produced thereby on the surface of the back. 

*Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xi., p. 34. Stapf's Archiv fin die horn. Heil- 
kunst, Vol. ix., part 3, p. 72. 


"If in the course of time the itching should become excessive, 
the plaster may be removed for a few days but then again ap- 
plied and continued. When this artificially produced psoric 
afifection of a large extent of skin is in full operation, we shall 
observe a great diminution in the morbid state of the small, 
noble organ, and the local disease will thereby be rendered more 
curable by the internal antipsoric medicine." This was sent to 
Stapf in the letter of August 5, 1830. 

He afterwards, in the fifth edition of the "Organon," 1833, 
retracted this advice in the following words:* "Homoeopathy 
is a perfectly simple system of medicine, remaining always fixed 
in its principles as in its practice, which, like the doctrine 
whereon it is based, if rightly apprehended, will be found to be 
so exclusive (and only in that way serviceable) that as the doc- 
trine must be accepted in its purity so it must be purely prac- 
ticed, and all backward straying to the pernicious routine of the 
old school (whose opposite it is as day to night) is totally in- 
admissible, otherwise it ceases to deserve the honorable name of 

"I am, therefore, sorry that I once gave the advice, savoring 
of Allopathy, to apply to the back in psoric diseases a resinous 
plaster to cause itching, and to employ the finest electrical sparks 
in paralytic affections. For as both these appliances have seldom 
proved of service, and have furnished the mongrel Homceopa- 
thists with an excuse for their Allopathic transgressions, I am 
grieved I should ever have proposed them, and I hereby solemnly 
retract thetn — for this reason also, that, since then, our Homoeo- 
pathic system has advanced so near to perfection that thej- are 
now no longer required." 

^Dudgeon's translation of the "Organon," London, 1893. Preface to 
5th Edition. 




On the 19th of May, 1831, Hahnemann writes to Rummel as 
follows in regard to the right of the physician to speedy and 
generous payment for his services:* 

"■Dear Friend a7id Colleague: Your kind visit on the loth of 
April must, on account of its shortness, be regaided more as a 
compliment to me than as a full visit. Ah, how much we might 
and would have said to one another had we not been disturbed 
by strangers and had you not been obliged to return so soon. 
In order to make up for this there is nothing for it but that I 
must have the pleasure of seeing you again soon, for a longer 
visit, and I will let you fix your own time, for any time will be 
agreeable to me. 

" Doubtless such a title as that of medical counselor has now 
this advantage, that it enables the physician to obtain better 
fees; and it is particularly useful to the Homoeopath, as it serves 
to humiliate the enemies of his art; but even were it not so, it is 
advisable for the plain Homoeopathic doctor to attach so much 
value to his infinitely better mode of treatment that even with- 
out any title he should demand larger fees; at all events he 
should make patients affected with chronic diseases pay (before- 
hand) a monthly honorarium, and take from poorer persons at 
each consultation (and dispensing of medicines) some payment 
(were it only a few pence, he should take payment at each visit — 
accipe dum do let). 

"In this way only is it possible for the medical man never to 
go unremunerated, and it keeps him in good humor when he 
gets ready money for his trouble. Even these small fees, if they 
are paid at every visit and never neglected, accumulate unobserv- 
edly to a considerable sum, and the patient who pays every time 
scarcely misses them from his purse, because he only parts with 
them gradually ; and when he is cured or leaves off before he 

*Brit.Jour. Horn., Vol. xi., p. 68. Allg. horn. Zeit., Vol. xliv., p. 19. 


ought to, we are done with him; he has no claim on us nor we 
on him, and he takes leave of us, if not with contentment and 
gratitude, at all events without unwillingness, the sums he has 
gradually parted with are forgotten by him, and the doctor has 
what was justly his, and the money collects in the doctor's 
purse without any regret on the part of the patient. 

" On the other hand, how disagreeable is it for the physician 
who has to send in his account at the last when the patient has 
quite forgotten his gradual recovery and the great trouble the 
doctor has had, ut fieri solet. 

"Since I have commenced my successful mode of treatment, I 
have never sent in a demand after the treatment was over, but 
always done as above stated. Whenever the payment at each 
visit of the poorer classes, and the monthly payments of the 
richer ones, shall be generally introduced, and patients not know 
any other method of payment, then every one will bring his 
money with him as a matter of course, or will send it every 
month by the post, and then business will go on without 

" If the doctor himself is a good economist he may, if he is a 
skillful Homoeopathist, be able to earn and lay by something. 

" When Gross was here last I put him up to this plan, and he 
cannot think enough of the good effect it has had on his practice 
during the last half year; he has become quite another man. 

' ' I could convince you of all this much more effectually by 
word of mouth. He who does not know how to take payment 
for the assistance he dispenses is unable to form a proper esti- 
mation of himself and of his art. 

"In his last letter written a few days ago Stapf denies having 
got from you the article, 'On Natural Labor.' This varia^is 
lectio no doubt is owing to the circumstance that he had for- 
gotten to read it and seeks to excuse himself. I should like to 
have it again, for others wish to see it. If you are writing to 
him beg him to mention in the Archiv with especial commenda- 
tion the exemption of the Brunswick Homoeopathists from the 
necessity of prescribing from the apothecary's shop — as he told 
Gross of Juterbogk — in order to induce others to follow this 
example. Farewell till we meet again, which I trust will be 
soon, and believe me, 

"Yours sincerely, 

"Sam. Hahnemann." 


In the earlier part of 1831 Hahnemann wrote a pamphlet en- 
titled: "Allopathy; A Word of Warning to all Sick Persons."* 
It was published in Leipsic, by Baumgartner. This was an ar- 
raignment of the prejudiced and irrational methods of the Allo- 
pathic school. The compiler of this has an original letter of 
Hahnemann's written regarding the publication of this pamphlet, 
and which plainly shows the jealous spirit with which Hahne- 
mann was watched by the Allopathic authorities at that time. 
It is as follows: 

'^''Most Honorable, the Privy Counselor and Favo7'er! " 

" I accept the conditions offered me by your bookstore without 
reserve, and only beg for the last correction if I can possibly 
get it. 

"But as this book reveals to the ordinary physicians ex- 
tremel}' unwelcome truths, I take the liberty to ask your per- 
sonal especial protection for it, that the printing may not 
be hindered by the Allopathic physicians. Therefore I put 
the MSS. in your hands first, and do not address it simply to 
your bookstore." 

"Your obedient, 

"Sam. Hahnemann." 

''Coeihen, igthjune, 18 jr.'" 

In this essay Hahnemann caricatures and turns the Allopathic 
system into ridicule. He says in regard to the plan of putting 
from two to a dozen medicines in one prescription: "According 
to that old, so-called art of medicine, so repugnant to common 
sense, there should be more than two, at least three, different 
things in an artistical prescription; apparently, in order that the 
physician who prescribes lege artis from the use of such pre- 
scriptions for diseases may be deprived of all chance of ascer- 
taining which of the different ingredients was useful or which 
did harm, and may also never see or be taught by experience 
what particular effects each of the several ingredients of the pre- 
scription, each simple medicinal substance therein, produces on 
the human health in order to be able to employ it with certainty 
in diseases!" 

' ' This, therefore, is an art the professors of which have and wish 
to have no knowledge of all their tools ! Among the very meanest 

* Ivesser Writings, New York, p. 736. 


of arts there does not exist one such as this. The medical art 
of the old school alone gives an unheard of example of the kindf 

"And yet these gentlemen boast so loudly, notwithstanding 
their incredible irrationality, of being the only rational phy- 

"Of this stamp, dear sick people, are all the ordinar}- physi- 
cians. Of such alone do the medical authorities of all civilized 
lands consist. These alone sit on the medical judgment seat and 
condemn all that is better, which, whatever adv^antage it may 
be of to mankind, is opposed to their antiquated system! 

"These alone are the superintendents and directors of the 
countless hospitals and infirmaries filled with hundreds and 
thousands of patients pining in vain for health! Of such alone 
are the body physicians of princes and ministers of state! Of 
such only are the ordinary professors of medicine in all univer- 

"With such routine practitioners alone, of great and small 
degree, do our towns swarm; from the celebrities who use up 
two pairs of horses daily in swift-rolling gilded chariots in order 
to pay visits of a couple of minutes' duration to sixty, eighty 
or more patients down to the crowd of low practitioners who, 
in worn out clothes, must exert their legs to pester their patients 
with frequent visits and numerous prescriptions." 

The whole essay is a rare example of delightful satire. 

At this time there was a censorship of the press, and the 
Allopathic physicians used every means to prevent the publica- 
tion of Homoeopathic literature. Hahnemann was, as may be 
seen by the above letter, obliged to use great caution in printing 
his books and pamphlets. 

As a sample of this unfair and bigoted censorship it may be 
stated that in 1831 an Allopathic physician in Coethen published 
in the Cothener Zeihing, the village paper, a bitter attack upon 
Hahnemann and his treatment of the cholera. When Hahne- 
mann, desiring to respond, sent an article to the same paper it 
was refused because the censor of the press was a personal friend 
of the Allopathic doctor. Hahnemann then published his de- 
fence in Magdeburg. 

Hahnemann sent his treatment of cholera to the Prcussischc 
Staats Zeitung, but the Berlin censor would not permit it to be 
inserted. Dr. Kiesselbach, of Hanau, wished an account of the 


Homoeopathic treatment of croup to be published in a Kassel 
paper, but this was vetoed by the censor. In Raab, in Hungary, 
while the cholera was raging, certain of the people who had 
heard of the Homoeopathic success in the disease wished to 
insert a notice in the paper asking Homoeopathic physicians to 
go there, but it was not permitted.* Every effort possible was 
made to keep the facts of Homoeopathy from the people. 



In 1 83 1 the cholera appeared in Russia, coming over the 
border the latter part of July. Of course the medical profession 
were busy inventing new remedies for the scourge. Among 
those recommended were Atcruin muj'iaticum , oxygen gas, char- 
coal, Qumhie. Ameke says :t Then th<:rre were the absorb- 
ents "to absorb the poison out of the primse vise;" " the ab- 
sorbents are coming into favor." People read with terror that 
" in the corpses of those who died of cholera vessels gorged with 
blood were to be found in the right ventricle of the heart and 
the vena cava, also in the lungs, liver, etc." We say they read 
" with terror," for where blood was thus found congested in the 
corpses, on scientific principles the patients must be bled during 
life. But "Science" could surely hardly go as far as to bleed in 
cases of cholera. 

Doubt did not last long on this point, for soon after the 
notices from Russia appeared we read: " A vein is at once and 
without delay to be opened and as much blood taken from the 
patient as seems suitable to his condition." This remedy was 
useful in nearly all cases. Calomel and Opium were to be given. 
In another article blood-letting, leeches, cupping, mustard plas- 
ters were recommended. Emetics were mentioned. One Dr. 
Meyer suggested that as Belladoyma was prophylactic for scarlet 
fever it might also be for cholera. 

Among other articles recommended were prohibition from 

*Ameke's "History of Homoeopathy," p. 251. 
fAmeke's "History of Homoeopathy," p. 235. 


anything to drink; the use of Zinc, Bismuth, Musk with Cam- 
phor, Ipecacuanha, Valerian, Sal volatile. Hartshorn, Natron carbon, 
Menih., Piperit., Arnica, Colombo, Cascarilla with Naphtha, and 
Opium, Tinct. Aromaiica, Calam., Arom., cold douches, leeches, 
emetics and Cinchona. 

Then followed a pamphlet war upon the various pathological 
fancies advocated by the professors and the doctors. More than 
three hundred pamphlets and some books were written upon the 
subject, and in the most of them the free, continued and persist- 
ent practice of venesection was advocated. It was bleed, bleed, 
open a vein freely; bleed, leech, ad nauseam. This was a period 
of very scientific insanity. In the meantime the poor victims 
persisted in dying. 

One of the Leipsic Faculty of Medicine, a Dr. Moritz Hasper, 
in Huf eland' s Joiitnaliox September, 1831, said that small bleed- 
ings were of no use, that " a large opening must be made in a 
vein in order that the blood may flow out in a free stream, if the 
patient is to be freely relieved." " Bleed freely " is repeated at 
least ten times in this truly scientific pamphlet. Leeches, bleed- 
ing, even the application of a red hot iron to the stomach is 

As early as the year 1784, Hahnemann in the "Guide to the 
Cure of Old Sores," denounced blood-letting. In the transla- 
tion of Cullen in 1790, he attacks the habit of bleeding. 

Early in 1792, the Emperor lycopold of Austria, who had 
reigned since 1790, and who by his love for peace had greatly 
endeared himself to his subjects, unexpectedly died. Hahne- 
mann at that time lived in Gotha, where the newspaper Der 
Anzeiger was published. The editor, Dr. Becker, as has been 
stated, was an acquaintance of Hahnemann. In this paper, Nos. 
137. 138, (1792,) appeared an account of the post mortem upon 
the Emperor, in which it was stated that a "semi-purulent exuda- 
tion of about a pound weight was found in the left pleura. 

In the Anzeiger for March 31, 1792, Hahnemann thus criti- 
cises the treatment of this great man. He says: "The report 
states 'his physician, Lagusius, observed high fever and swell- 
ing of the abdomen early on February 28,' he combatted the 
malady by venesection, and as this produced no amelioration, 
three more venesections were performed without relief. Science 

*Ameke's "History of Homoeopathy," p. 239. 


must ask why a second venesection was ordered when the first 
had produced no amelioration? How could he order a third, 
and, good heavens, how a fourth! when there had been no 
amelioration after the preceding ones? How could he tap the 
vital fluid four times in twenty-four hours, always without 
relief, from a debilitated man who had been worn out by anxiety 
of mind and long-continued diarrhoea? Science is aghast!"* 

Hahnemann continues: "The clinical record of the physician 
in ordinary, lyagusius, says: 'The monarch was on the 28th of 
February attacked with rheumatic fever (what symptoms of a 
rheumatic character had he?) and a chest affection (which of the 
numerous chest affections, very few of wJiich are able to stand 
bleeding; let us note that he does not say it was pleurisy, which 
he would have done to excuse the copious venesections if he had 
been convinced that it was this affection), and we immediately 
tried to mitigate the violence of the malady by bleeding and 
other needful remedies (Germany, Europe, has a right to ask, 

"On the 29th the fever increased (after the bleeding! and yet), 
three more venesections were effected, whereupon some (other 
reports say distinctly no) improvement followed, but the ensuing 
night was very restless and weakened the monarch (just think! 
it was the night and not the four bleedings which so weakened 
the monarch, and Herr Lagusius was able to assert this posi- 
tively), who on the ist of March began to vomit with violent 
retching and threw up all he took (nevertheless his doctors left 
him so that no one was present at his death, and indeed after 
this one of them pronounced him out of danger). At 3:30 in 
the afternoon he expired, while vomiting, in presence of the 

This violent attack resulted in a discussion upon the case 
among the German physicians, in which the course of Hahne- 
mann was very generally condemned. 

After this time Hahnemann protested in his writings against 
bloodletting, which practice was still continued. He was even 
denounced as a murderer because he denied his patients the 
"benefits" of bleeding. 

His attitude also lost him the friendship of several of his pro- 
fessional friends. In 1809 he says:t "The principal manoeuvre of 

*Ameke's "History of Homceopatiiy, " p. 88. 
t " Lesser Writings," New York, p. 537. 


the humoral school consisted in the evacuation of bad blood 
(bleeding mania) and in the expulsion of the impure fluids by 
the mouth and anus. How ? Did they pretend to let out the 
impure blood only? What magician's wand could separate, as 
through a sieve, the depraved from the good blood withift the 
blood vessels, so that only the bad could be drawn off and the 
good remain ? What head is so rudely organized as to believe 
that they could effect this ? Sufficient for them that streams of 
blood were spilt — of that vital fluid for which even Moses showed 
so much respect, and that justly. The more refined humor- 
alists, in addition to the impurities in the blood, alleged, besides, 
the existence of a pretended, almost universal, plethora, as an 
excuse for their frightful, merciless bloodlettings; they also 
gave out that these acted derivatively, depressed the tone, and 
ascribed many other subtle scientific effects to them." 

All his life he continued the bitter enemy to bleeding, and 
whatever may be presented to the contrary, it is most certainly 
due to his influence that bleeding is abolished in the ranks of 
the medical profession. 

Of course Hahnemann opposed this method of bloodletting in 
the cholera. 

The Homoeopathic physicians began to treat this terrible 
cholera according to the principles of their system. Dr. Peter- 
sen, of Pensa, treated from July 9th to 30th 68 cases, of whom 
14 died. He used Ipecac 20th, Chamo7nilla and Arseyiiaim 30th 
dilution. Dr. Arnold, of Russia, was also successful. Dr. 
Schubert, of Leipsic, in 1830 recommended I'eratriim, Ipecac, 
Arsenic, Chamomilla. Dr. Preu, of Nuremberg, spoke o{ Arsenic 
and Veratriun. 

Dr. Bakody, a Homceopathist of Raab, in Hungary, was much 
more successful than the Allopaths. Of 1501 patients treated 
Allopathically 640 died. Dr. Bakody treated 154 cases of real 
cholera and lost but six cases.* 

The inhabitants wished to appeal through the papers for more 
Homoeopathic physicians. The Protomedicus of Hungary, Dr. 
Lenhoscek, did not think this appeal suitable for publication, 
and, as censor, refused to permit its publication in the news- 
papers! After the epidemic was over Bakody told a colleague, 
Dr. Ant. Schmit, of the treatment and its results, and he, against 

*Anieke, p. 249. Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. i., p. 58. 


Dr. Bakody's wish, sent an article to 'Cd^ Allgemeine A7izeiger on 
the subject. The county physicus, Dr. Joseph v. Balogh, and 
the town physicus, Dr. Ant. Karpff, replied, stating in words of 
most insolent denunciation that Dr. Bakody basely lied, calling 
him all sorts of pretty names. Bakody produced in answer 112 
legally attested certificates relating to the 154 cholera patients 
he had treated, of whom but six died. And his witnesses were 
from the most reliable and influential citizens of the town.* 

Dr. Seider, in Russia, treated 109 Homoeopathically and lost 
but twenty-three. Of ninety-three treated AUopathically, sixty- 
nine died. The percentage in Vienna of deaths was: Allopathic, 
thirty-one per cent.; Homoeopathic, only eight. f 

lyCtters and reports came from every quarter to Coethen with 
the glad message: "Homoeopathy has triumphed over the 
cholera." Thomas Count Nadasdy presented a full report (17th 
September, 1831) from Daka, in Hungary, beginning with these 
words: "When the cholera broke out in Daka no medical aid 
could be obtained from Papa, on account of the prevalence of 
•cholera at that place; being unwilling to see my subjects die 
without making an effort to save them I tried the experiment 
of curing the disease with spirits of camphor, recommended by 
Dr. Hahnemann, and by the blessing of Providence my efforts 
were crowned with perfect success. Of 161 cholera patients at 
Daka, to whom spirits of camphor were administered, only 
fourteen died; namely, eight who solicited assistance in the last 
stage of the disease, and seven who, by improper living after 
three or four relapses, could not be saved. This statement can 
be proved by more than seventy sworn witnesses.";}: 

In Asterwettingen, near Magdeburg, out of 800 inhabitants 
■eighty were attacked. Without a physician, they treated each 
other with Camphor and cold water, according to Hahnemann's 
instructions, and sixty of the patients recovered. 

There was no propounding of ridiculous scientific (?) 
pathology, no recommending of marvellous compounds on the 
part of the Homoeopaths. 

Independently the one of the other, judging by the symptoms 
of the disease and their knowledge of the action of medicines 

*Ameke, p. 250. 

■\ Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. i., p. 58. 

4: Fischer. Traus., "Biograpiiisches Denkmal," p. 56. 


upon the well, the four or five medicines each thought about and 
used were the same. The principle that Hahnemann taught 
was proven and found not wanting. His followers, knowing the 
drugs that would produce similar symptoms to those of the 
cholera, applied those drugs when the cholera came with suc- 
cess. It was not guesswork; just the application of a la,w! 
Arsenic, Veratrum, Ipecac, Camphor, Cupriwi — the same reme- 
dies that have since also proven themselves in other cholera epi- 
demics when given in accord with this law. 



The cholera advent seemed to restore Hahnemann to the fresh- 
ness and vigor of life of a young man. It was with wonderful 
acuteness that he described the symptoms and phenomena of 
this disease. His marvellous knowledge of the effects of drugs 
on the human body enabled him to determine according to the 
Homoeopathic principle those that would be of service in this 
terrible scourge. 

This is the more remarkable, as at this time he had never had 
an opportunity of personally examining any actual cases. 

In this connection the following story well illustrates this 
knowledge of his materia medica:* " A gentleman consulted 
him about one of his family, suffering from very severe illness, 
with cerrain very marked symptoms. Hahnemann heard him to 
the end; 'the patient is suffering from a medicinal disease,' and 
he named the drug. The gentleman was certain that the patient 
was not so suffering, and had made no use of that drug. But 
Hahnemann was right, as was proved upon inquiry." 

Hahnemann soon began to take an active part in advising his 
disciples. He published articles in the papers, and issued pam- 
phlets. The following letter, written to Dr. Stapf, December 27, 
1830, well shows his feelings upon the Allopathic treatment of 
the epidemic. He says-.f 

* Horn. Times, London, Vol. ii., p. 335. 

■\ Honi. World, Wo\. xxv., p. 212. "Annals Brit. Horn. Society," Vol. 
iii., p. 254. 


"It certainly looks ill that the many indubitable reports in 
the papers about the marvelous curative powers of Homoeopathy 
(^and of Veratnini) in cholera have not yet reached the ears of 
Nicholas in particular, but it can hardly be doubted that they 
will eventually do so. The great, infinitely good Spirit who 
cares for the fate of every mite will also with mighty hand 
silently bring about the establishment of that great affair which 
is so intimately connected with the well being of sick mankind 
hitherto so neglected, though it may not be perceived how all is 

"Traditional medicine and surgery is a much too shamefully 
cruel business. Just read, for example, how Hasper, Kreuzing 
of Leipsic's nephew, in the face of the Homceopathists, teaches 
how to mistreat cholera and make it fatal with bloodletting to 
30 ounces, quantities of leeches, and Calomel to the extent of 
three or four drachms, on a false theory and after the example, 
as- he says, of the best physicians in the world — the E^iglish. Is 
that not enough to rouse the anger of the Homceopathists ? I 
would that Attomyr were the man to raise his voice against the 
Allopathic murderers, for the reviews of Allopathic pamphlets as 
they have hitherto appeared in your Archiv, written in a mild, 
deferential, gentle manner, do not appear to me calculated to 
stir up the deaf, infamous rogues. The cautious, timid com- 
ments of our Homoeopathic reviewers are of no use; they have 
no more effect on them than so many flea bites. Can anything 
worse befall us than that we should be deprived of all our civil 
and natural rights if we were to proclaim aloud their injustice, 
give them literary blows, and make war to the knife on the mur- 
derous gang ? 

"They must be taught to fear our assaults, which should give 
the death blow to their false art. They must be made to tremble 
before us, otherwise we shall make no way and our immense 
superiority will never be acknowledged; we shall never gain 
any honor, nor induce the public to regard them with well- 
merited horror and disgust. 

" I entreat our fellow- workers to bestir themselves and do their 
utmost to demonstrate the superiority of our divine art by stout 
resistance and attack, and to expose the miserable nakedness of 
these destroyers of mankind. If I were thirty years younger I 
would undertake to do this unaided, and none would escape my 


death-dealing blows; they would no longer write in their 
wretched journals; they would be reduced to silence. But now 
I may fairly expect that I might relinquish this duty to my vigor- 
ous disciples. But I see that I am mistaken. But now I am 
near the completion of my seventy-sixth year, I can no longer 
wield the controversial club; I have, at least I think I have, 
with great labor built up my art on irrefragable pillars. 

" But to drive the rascally, conceited rogues out of the temple 
of yEsculapius with scorpion- whips — nothing else will do — is a 
task which ought not to be imposed on me. 

" Would to God some man would arise among us with head, 
heart and mighty arm who would devote his life to this second 
urgently needful work as I have mine to the first, the foundation 
of Homoeopathy!" 

Again, writing to Stapf, in a letter dated August 5, 1S31. 
Hahnemann says:* " Preu of Nurnberg pleases me much. I 
thank you for sending me his essay. f As long as the Allopaths 
represented to us (without giving any trustworthy picture of 
the disease) that cholera is a compound of vomiting and purging, 
so long we poor Homoeopaths at a distance had to regard Vera- 
truni and Arse?iicas the specific remedies for it. But the faithful 
description by a Homoeopath has taught us that its character is 
quite different. It is a tonic, spasmodic diathesis of all the sys- 
tems, spheres and tissues of the organism, which only towards 
the end of life passes into convulsions and paralysis, and then 
there follows watery vomiting and diarrhoea, and that only in 
some cases; nothing of the sort is to be seen in most cases, but 
only rapid death. 

"Such being the case neither Veratnmi nor Arse?iic can be of 
much use. Schreter writes me from Lemberg, where he arrived 
on the 15th of July, that he was able to do some, but not much, 
good with Verairum, and when it did no good then Camphor 
was successful (when he wrote he had just received my essay on 
Camphor) . 

" Two days ago I was told by an eye witness from Prague 
that when the cholera raged in Odessa, some months since, 

* Horn. World, Vol. -Kx^v., p. 417; "Annals Brit. Horn. Society," Vol. iii., 
p. 7'. 

fWhat Have We to Fear From Cholera Morbus ?" He recommends 
Arsenic in this. 


and the doctors were unable to do anything serviceable, they 
only rubbed the patients with Camphor, which restored them to 
health; he himself had assisted to rub nine of the cases, and all 
the nine recovered. Do we need any further testimony. 

"My pamphlet,* which you are familiar with, has been re- 
fused insertion in the public papers by the medical authorities of 
Vienna and Berlin. In Berlin a bookseller is about to print it 
with Stuber's preface. I have sent to Stuber (as he has written 
a great deal about the malicious comments upon the large doses 
of Camphor) the enclosed explanation to be added to his preface, 
which I beg you to read aloud at the meeting on the tenth of 
August in place of my usual communication. 

" I have been asked by a Leipsic publisher for an enlargement 
of this essay. t It will appear in a few days, published by 
Gluck. I did it not long ago. The price he will sell it at will 
be a groschen. I have put in it everything useful for the public 
to know, but I have left out the scientific matter. 

The pamphlet which Hahnemann mentions in the above letter 
was entitled " Cure and Prevention of the Asiatic Cholera." It 
was originally published in the Archiv der horn. Heilkunst, vol. 
xi., part I, page 122. It was dated " Coethen, Sept. 10, 1831," 
and is signed "Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, Hofrath." It may 
also be found translated in the Lesser Writings. 

In this he recommends Camphor as the principal remedy, but 
says it must be used in the first stage and as a household remedy 
before there is time to summon a physician and while awaiting 
his arrival. He says: "In the first stage, accordingly, the 
patient must get as often as possible (at least every five minutes) 
a drop of Camphor (made with one ounce of Camphor to twelve 
of alcohol) on a lump of sugar or in a spoonful of water. Some 
spirit of Camphor must be taken in the hollow of the hand and 
rubbed into the skin of the arms, legs and chest of the patient; 
he must also get a clyster of half a pint of warm water mingled 
with two full teaspoonfuls of spirit of Camphor, and from time 
to time some Camphor may be allowed to evaporate on a hot 
iron so that if the mouth should be closed by trismus, and he 
can sw illow nothing, he may draw in enough of Camphor vapor 
with the breath." 

* "Cure and Prevention of Asiatic Cholera." 

t" Appeal to Thinking Philanthropists Respecting the Mode of Propaga- 
tion of Asiatic Cholera." See " Lesser Writings." 


It will be seen that he gives the CMnphor in quite large doses, 
and because he was criticised for it he wrote an explanation, of 
which he speaks in the previous letter as there enclosing to 
Stapf. Stapf published this in the Archiv, vol. xi., part i, p. 
ICO. Hahnemann says that the reason he gave Camphor in large 
doses is that the effect to be produced is an Allopathic and not a 
Homoeopathic one. A palliative action must be at once pro- 
duced or the patient will die before the Homoeopathic medicine 
has time to act. 

Dr. Boenninghausen, in September, 1831, published at Munster 
this article in a small pamphlet, and with it another letter ad- 
dressed to him by Hahnemann and dated September 18, 1831. 
He also makes some original suggestions. This is really another 
edition of the Hahnemann pamphlet. He says in the preface: 

"The account given in No. 210 of the Westphalian Mercury 
about the .remedy discovered by Dr. Hahnemann for Asiatic 
Cholera, was copied from No. 235 of the Prussian States Gazette, 
because I had not at hand then the Gotha German General Ad- 
vertiser, which, under date of 20tli August, contains the un- 
garbled essay of this indefatigable investigator. 

"I have just received an original essay of the date of Septem- 
ber 10, and, therefore, I presume still more complete, and ac- 
companying it was a letter from the Hofrath himself. Said 
letter was dated September i8th, and it contained much addi- 
tional valuable information respecting this frightful disease. So 
I deem it my duty to publish both of them. 


''Minister, Sept. 2j, iSji.'" 

Hahnemann's article was also published in the form of a tract 
and freely distributed in Vienna, Hungary, Berlin, Magdeburg, 
and other places where the cholera was active. 

Hahnemann in a letter addressed to Dr. Schreter in Lemburg, 
thus speaks of the cholera:* 

"CoETHEN, 19TH Dec, 1831. 
*'Dear Colleague: 

"I have had no opportunity of treating fully developed cholera 
myself, but have often, by advice and directions, been enabled 

* Brit. Jour. Hont., Vol. vi., p. 413; also Horn. Times, Loudon, Vol. i., p. 
84; Kirby's Am. Jour. Hom., Vol. iii., p-Sj; Stapf 's Archiv, 1848, Vol. iii., 
part 3. 


to Stifle it in the bud. At least 30,000 copies of my directions 
have been circulated among the inhabitants of Vienna, Hungary, 
Berlin and Magdeburg, and many thousands have been saved, 
when each, the instant he was attacked witli cholera, had ad- 
ministered to him by his friend a drop of spirit of Camphor every 
five minutes, and was well washed over head, neck and chest 
with a solution of Campho7 (i to 12) by means of the hand, and 
in less than an hour he was quite well, without secondary suffer- 
ings, as if nothing had happened to him. 

"By this means as I said, according to the accounts I have 
received, many thousands have been saved in secret without the 
knowledge of a physician or of the neighbors in the house. 
Now, as by my experience, Camphor vapor is the only trust- 
worthy means of annihilating the probable animated miasma of 
cholera, it is easy to understand how the cholera was so rapidly 
extinguished by its means in Vienna, Berlin and Magdeburg. 
This extinction of cholera in the first quarter of an hour by 
Camphor is available only in the acute attacks of cholera, and as 
I have said only in the first hour in which the aid of a physician 
cannot be obtained, and the disease is still in its stage of tonic 
cramp; when, however, this, as is soon the case, passes into the 
stage of relaxation and of clonic cramps, then the Homoeopathic 
physician can still do good, though with difiiculty enough, with 
Veratru7n, Cuprum, etc. 

"Much more troublesome are those (not acute) gradual dis- 
eases which arise from cholerine (as Father Veith, in Vienna, 
calls these insidious cases), when the inhabitants of a town, 
owing to the widely diffused and hence more diluted miasmatic 
vapor (the focus of which are the dead bodies of those who die 
under Allopathic treatment), get only a few symptoms of the 
cholera, which pass off in the case of robust individuals, but in 
weak persons turn gradually into vomiting, but principally into 
painless but very debilitating diarrhoeas, with much flatulence, 
and which (if not well treated) end in tetanic convulsions, 
delirium, and death. In these insidiously occurring affections 
the employment of Camphor is inadmissible; it would only 
hasten the patient's death. Phosphoric acid, as Father Veith 
found, has proved specific in these colloquative diarrhoeas 
accompanied with rumbling in the bowels, which exhaust the 
vital powers; and I, too, have found it the same in patients 
affected in this way in Magdeburg. 


"When the cholera actually attacks, if those seized by it 
should be immediately treated by their friends with Camphor 
spirit, there would then be no fully developed cholera; or such 
cases would at least be much more rare, and still more rare fatal 
cases; and hence also no spreading of the miasmatic vapor 
through the town, consequently also no cholerine, nor any of 
that lingering kind of cholera, which I consider the most dan- 
gerous of all. 

"As regards the controversy upon the contagiousness of 
cholera, I beg you will read at your leisure my little pamphlet, 
entitled: 'Appeal to Philanthropists Respecting the Mode in 
Which Cholera is Infectious, With an Appendix by Anthony 
Schrait,' published by Charles Berger; and thereafter Schnitzer's 
' Cholera Contagiosa,' Breslau." * * * 

In a letter to Stapf, September 23, 1831, he says:-'^ " I have 
already sent Schweikert two different articles on the treatment 
of cholera; "he has not answered me, and I don't know if they 
have been printed. I have also offered him the situation, and 
he has not given me any answer upon that subject. Has the 
man whom I considered my friend anything against me ? 

" Miiny thanks to your Provincial Counselor for having 
inserted my paper in the local newspaper, and still more thanks 
to you for having got him to print and distribute separate 
impressions of it. Schmit has had some thousand copies of it 
made in writing (it is not allowed to be printed in Austria 
because I am the author) and widely circulated. The indefat- 
igable man! If Attomyr should refuse the appointment to 
England I will offer it to Schmit. 

"I am afraid lest our letters containing medicine should be 
cut through and fumigated, and thereby spoiled. We might 
employ thin glass tubes, such as you once sent me with Iodine, 
filled with the larger sort of globule, so that they lie one above 
the other, and not side by side. 

"The glass tubes might be inserted into a quill corked up and 
placed at the side of the letter, with directions to take the top- 
most globule first, and so on. By this plan the globules would 
escape the fumigation. **>!«* 

"Our Rummel has also issued a paper of directions for the 

* Horn. World, Vol. xxv., p. 419. " Anuals Brit. Horn. Med. Society," 
Vol. ii., p. 356. 


treatment of cholera, in which he recommends Cuprum and 
Caviphor. It is only Homoeopaths that can act thus. The reme- 
dies recommended by the blind Allopaths, everyone advising a 
different medicine, are almost uncountable. One of the last is 
a stomach plaster, which is much bepuffc;d and distributed by 
the Duke of Bernburg. A just Providence has sent cholera to 
serve as a sort of pillory for the Allopaths, in which the un- 
certain and pitiful character of their treatment is exposed; then 
all the world can see their nakedness. >l< ^ <= 

" What do you say to this, that Schmit assures me of. namely, 
that Metternich has taken globules of Cupnoms a prophylactic, 
and that his wife is partial to Homoeopathy ? And here is 
another piece of important intelligence communicated to me by 
another friend from Prague. Father Veith, of Vienna (a practi- 
cal friend of Homoeopathy), when the cholera broke out in 
Vienna cured several persons who were suffering from cholera 
with Camphor according to my directions (he was previously 
doctor of medicine and director of the Veterinary College in 
Vienna). He is preaching in the Cathedral of St. Stephen, and 
he preached a sermon before the Imperial Court in this church 
on ' The Cholera in the lyight of Providence,' in which he says 
(the sermon is now printed): ' It is a remarkable provision of 
Providence that in the same part of the earth which was the 
birthplace of cholera its most powerful remedy {Camphor) is also 
to be found.' Everyone, says my correspondent, was delighted 
and in ecstasies at this. 

" Dr. Schmidt, of Konigsberg, writes that though he had had 
no opportunities of seeing and treating cases of cholera he had 
to treat a boy who had been suffering for twenty- four hours from 
cholera and was extremely ill with vomiting and purging, and 
yet he cured him with Camphor, given according to my method 
(spirits of Cainphor dWnted with hot water). First the diarrhoea 
and finally the vomiting yielded. The people there, he says, 
firmly believe (and rightly too, alas!) that the doctors adminis- 
ter poisons. Do you think the anecdote about Father Veith 
suitable for the Allg. Anz. d. Deutscheii ? 

" I enclose a cutting hova. the. Joicrnal des De bats which, will 
do for the Archiv or Schweikert's periodical, or the Allg. Anz. 
d. Deutschen. When you are done with it, please return it to 
me. What about the Edinburgh Review ? 

" Yours truly, 

"Sam. Hahnemann." 


Dudgeon, in a note to this long letter, says: "Doubtless 
Hahnemann had just heard of the article on his system that was 
published in the Edinburgh Review of January, 1830." 



This same year of 1831 Dr. F. F. Quin, who had first intro- 
duced Homoeopath}' into England, was in Moravia, where he 
had gone to study the cholera. He, with Dr. Gerstel and two 
surgeons, had charge of all the cholera cases in the town of 
Tischnowitz and the neighboring villages. Quin wrote to 
Hahnemann that while he was sitting at dinner he had been 
attacked with cholera without warning, and that he had been 
relieved by Camphor. To which Hahnemann replied as follows: 
' ' I am much obliged to you for the details of your researches 
upon the nature of cholera and of the appropriate Homoeopathic 
treatment. You are right in the opinion you express, and it is 
one borne out by my own observations, that the worst form of 
cholera is presented by cases of degenerated cholerine. I have 
already heard from Dr. Gerstel of your attack of the epidemic, 
and your cure by Camphor. I congratulate you on 3'our restora- 
tion, and I render thanks to Almighty God for having preserved 
you to give aid to the unfortunate victims who so sadly require 
your assistance. Your success in the treatment of cholera is 
more remarkable from your ignorance of the Moravian language. 

" May the gracious God conduct you safely to your own home, 
and bless your efforts to instruct your countrymen in the art of 
healing in conformity with the laws of nature. 

"Your sincere and affectionate friend, 

"Samuel Hahnemann. 
*' Coethen, ^th February, iSji.'" 

So great was the success in Tischnowitz that the Chief Mag- 
istrate sent to Dr. Quin this address:* 

"At the time of Dr. Quin's arrival here for the purpose of 

* " History and Heroes of the Art of Medicine," J. Rutherford Russell, 
Londou, 1861, p. 426. 


observing the epidemic of cholera it had reached its greatest 
malignancy in the villages that surround the town and castle; 
this was shown, not only by the numbers who fell ill, but by 
the shortness of the interval between the commencement of the 
attack and its fatal termination — often only a few hours. It 
happened that at the time Dr. Gerstel and surgeons Hanush and 
Linhart were all three confined to bed by illness. 

"Although you yourself, upon your arrival, were attacked 
with cholera, you nevertheless, during your convalescence, with 
the most humane zeal, undertook the treatment of those ill with 
cholera during the period when Dr. Gerstel was obliged to keep 
his bed, and this you did with such success that not one patient 

" The authorities feel themselves under the obligation to make 
their respectful acknowledgments to you for the assistance 5'ou 
afforded, with such generous humanity, to the inhabitants of this 

"Ernst Dibble, Chief Magish-ate. 

*^ Tisch7iowitz, November JO, 183 1^ 

M. Dieble also sent a table with the above letter as follows: 
Out of 6.671 inhabitants 680 had the cholera ; of these 331 were 
under Allopathic treatment and 102 of them died ; 278 w^ere 
treated Homoeopathically and only 27 of them died ; of 71 treated 
with Camphor 2Xoxi^ only 11 died. 

In a letter to Dr. Gerstel, dated December 18, 1831, Hahne- 
mann saysrf "You have also found Phosphorus useful in the 
stage of collapse of the cholera and half infection (cholerine), as 
was first pointed out by Father Veith in Vienna; yet he soon 
found reason to prefer Phosphoric acid (even by frequently smell- 
ing of the drug) in those weakening diarrhoeas, with much 
Tumbling in the bowels, that occur in the cholerine (a disease 
brought on by semi- infections, caused by the diluted miasm in 
the air, in the greater part of the inhabitants of infected towns), 
so that in such cases I would give the Phosphoric acid the prefer- 
ence over Phosphorus. Mr. Fischer's experience and testing of 
Carbo vegetab. in the appropriate severe cases is very valuable." 

The Rev. Father Veith, the doctor-priest, incumbent of the 
Cathedral of St. Stephen in Vienna and chaplain to the court, 

t Three died the day after the report was signed. 
XBrit. Jour. Honi., Vol. xv., p. 335. 


was very successful while acting as a physician in this cholera 
epidemic. He was very enthusiastic in the results of the 
Homoeopathic medication. He says: "It is a method more 
speed}'- than any I have previously tried." Dudgeon says that 
out of 125 patients treated Horaoeopathically, he lost but three.* 

The story of the first Homoeopathic treatment of cholera, in 
the epidemic of 1831 is carefully and exhaustively told in 
" Homoeopathic Treatment and Prevention of Asiatic Cholera," 
by R. E. Dudgeon, M.D., London, 1847. 

Rapou, in speaking of this epoch of cholera, says:t This 
epidemic of cholera, which was for Homoeopathy so great a 
triumph, also contributed to modify certain assertions of 
Hahnemann in regard to the administration and repetition of 

At this time Hahnemann addressed a letter dated November 
7, 1 83 1, through the columns of the Allgemeine Anzeiger, to the 
King Frederick William of Prussia, begging him in the name of 
humanity to test his system in this fatal disease. 

He was unsuccessful. It was during this same year of 1831 
that the Prussian Government forbade the Homoeopaths 
dispensing their own medicines This prohibition lasted for 
twelve years; then an examination of candidates was ordered, 
with the curious proviso that any one who had previously dis- 
pensed Homoeopathic medicines should forever lose the privilege 
of being examined for the right of dispensing. 

The right to dispense was the great drawback to the practice 
of the new Homoeopathy in all Germany at this time; although 
a lawyer, one C. A. Tittmann, had in 1829 published a book 
upon the police laws of the state in which he defended the right 
of the Homoeopath to dispense his own medicines. | 

In Russia, into which Homoeopathy had been introduced by 
Dr. Adam in 1823. a trial of the new system was made, in a 
military hospital, in 1829. In 1831, although the Emperor 
Nicholas was said to be favorable to Homoeopathy and even had 
a case of Homoeopathic medicines, the opposition was very 
great. In the cholera trials Hermann wrote that he had to give 

*Albrecht's " Lebeu und Wirken." Brit. Jour. Horn,., Vol. i., p. 59; 
Vol. vi., p. 414. 

t " Histoire de la doctrine Homceopathiquo, " Vol. ii., p. 307. 

t " Die Homoopathie in staatspolizeirechtl Hiusicht." Meissen. 1S29. 


•up the treatment of cholera patients in the hospital, as only the 
■dying were sent to him by the Allopathic authorities. 

About this time laws were enacted as follows: The Central 
pharmacies in St. Petersburg and Moscow could supply other 
pharmacies and physicians with Homoeopathic medicines, but 
■only in preparations not lower than the first dilution or tritura- 
tion. Physicians could only prescribe by written prescription 
■except in urgent cases or when no pharmacy existed in the place; 
in the latter case the physician was compelled to write on a 
printed blank, with a special stamp, the date, name of remedy 
given, its dose, the name and social position of the patient, the 
chief symptoms of the disease, and the name of the physician. 
When the doctor gave from his own case he must duplicate the 
package; one being for the patient's use, the other being sealed 
and endorsed by the physician with the name of the patient, 
date, etc., and the doctor's signature. In case the patient died 
this package, kept with the seal unbroken, enabled the authori- 
ties to determine if death was the result of the medicines. 

Dr. J. Rutherford Russell says of this epoch, that the ad- 
herents of Hahnemann'ssystem, in order to avoid the prohibition 
against compounding medicines acted as follows: "When they 
gave advice to the patients who sought their aid they made a free 
gift of the medicine. Even this, however, would not do, for on 
the 13th of June, 1832, an order to the following effect was 
published at Darmstadt: 'There is no permission granted to the 
Homoeopathic physicians to dispense their own medicines. The 
law can make no difference between Homoeopathic and other 
physicians; both must alike prescribe out of the apothecaries' 
shop.' Dr. Weber, physician to the Prince of Solms-Lich, was 
fined thirty dollars for administering medicine gratuitously to 
his patients."* 

The matter was afterwards brought before the Baden Land- 
tag and it was granted to physicians to dispense their drugs 

When Dr. Quin returned to England, in 1832, he attracted the 
notice of the College of Physicians, who ordered him to appear 
for examination and licensure; he took no notice of the order 
and a second letter was sent to him. To this he answered that 
he meant no disrespect by not answering the first letter and ac- 

*" History and Heroes of Medicine," p. 440. 


knowledged both epistles, saying nothing about any examina- 
tion. This seemed to satisfy that body, for no further attempt 
was made to examine or license him. 

In 1829 Dr. Trinks, of Dresden, was subjected to a criminal pro- 
cessonaccount of the death of a patient, after being under his treat- 
ment for four days with the typhoid fever. He was condemned to 
pay one-third of the costs. The same year an action was brought 
against Trinks, Wolf, Lehmann and Helwig for not bleeding a 
patient who had inflammation of the lungs and who died. Trinks 
and Wolf, who had not seen the patient, were acquitted; L,eh- 
mann, who saw the case once and reported on it to Trinks with- 
out prescribing, was condemned to six months' imprisonment at 
hard labor, and Helwig. who saw the case once and prescribed 
Aconife and Bryonia, was sentenced to four weeks' imprisonment. 
This sentence was enforced against Helwig; Lehmann was finally 

In [831 Hornburg, one of Hahnemann's disciples, was arrested 
for the treatment of a case of pleurisy, which did not die under 
his treatment, but under that of Dr. Clarus. After the matter 
had continued for two years Hornburg was sentenced to two 
months' imprisonment. He died soon after this sentence. 



The following letters addressed by Hahnemann to Dr. Benja- 
min Schweikertf were published in the Allge^neine homoopath- 
ische Zeitung for July 2, 1891, (Vol. cxxii., p. 193). t They 
were preceded by the following letter: 

" The undersigned is in possession of a large number of letters 
of Hahnemann to his father, but not all of these are suitable for 
publication. He will present them to the Homoeopathic Hospi- 

*Hotn. League Tract, No. 6. 

t George Augustus Benjamin Schweikert was born at Zerbst, September 
25, 1774. He died at Breslau, December 15, 1S45. 

X The compiler is indebted for the translation of the above letters to Prof, 
Louis H. Tafel, Professor of Languages at Urbana University, Urbaua, 
Ohio. They are literal translations from the original German, and show 
quite well Hahnemann's peculiar habit of extending his sentences. 


tal at Leipsic, so that they may be preserved for posterity in the 
room which has been specially furnished for keeping the relics 
of Hahnemann. He will also add to this present a lithograph 
of the second wife of Hahnemann, Melanie, nee d'Hervilly- 
Gohier. When the Hahnemann monument in Leipbic was 
unveiled, original letters of Hahnemann were sold at a ducat 
(about two dollars). 

"Dr. Johannes Schweikert, 

'■'Medical Director in Breslauy 

Although of different dates, the letters are given together. 
They well show the state of Hahnemann's feelings towards 
Schweikert at that time. 

' 'Highly Honored Doctor: 

" From time to time I have heard of the progress which you 
have made with so much success in Homoeopathy, and I have 
rejoiced over your honest endeavor to receive, wherever you 
found it, the truth, without prejudice, even at the sacrifice of a 
whole world full of old long-practised doctrines of the old 
school. I, myself, was at first in a similar position with you, 
having been instructed in their universities in the old system of 
medicine and its many statutes, and having remained for many 
years in this practice I know well how much self-denial it 
requires to leave the old train of ideas, to suppress it, and to 
wipe out, so to say, irom the whole memory all the apparatus of 
ideas required by study, in order to give ingress, free ingress, on 
the soil thus laboriously cleared to the truth, without which we 
cannot bring true aid to suffering men, to our brethren. 

" I say, I can very well put myself in your place; with what 
trouble and with what exertions you must have striven so as to 
become in your advanced years fully a Homoeopathic physician. 

" Besides the great trouble demanded, it requires just as much 
honorableness, love of mankind and self-denial, all of which I 
am glad to find united in you. 

"You give others a worthy example to pattern after, and I, 
who never pretend, feel it my duty to declare this to you. Your 
consciousness of doing right will be your best reward. 

"The book you kindly forwarded to me as the beginning of a 
treatise for the easier discovery of the symptoms of the medi- 


cines proved heretofore,* meets with my full approval, and I 
would exhort you to faithfully persist in your course, without 
any regard to the labors of others, who, with the same intent, fol- 
low another path, and not to be deterred from it by this apparent 
competition: Duo cum faciunt idem, non est idem. (When two 
men do the same, it is not the same.) 

" I believe your work will retain the pre-eminence. Reason 
demands something systematic; you present the subject to be 
treated in a systematic manner. But the alphabetical arrange- 
ment is an additional desideratum and assists in finding what we 
want as no other system can do. 

"Remain true to this system without alteration, if I may 
advise you. 

"As to your question, I have not stated everywhere, as it 
ought to have been, that in preparing tinctures 100 drops of the 
best alcohol, about 80 per cent., should be taken for five grains 
of powder.' But I would ask you to take this for granted in all 
cases of this kind, since twenty-fold weight would produce quite 
a different result, which cannot be my desire. 

" As to the beer, which would not interfere with our fine doses 
of Homceopathic medicine, I prefer the light beer brewed 
from wheat malt which has not been dried or parched; 
when this beer is prepared, as is often and usually done, without 
the addition of any intoxicating vegetable product. If it is thus 
prepared without any addition, like the so-called wheat beer in 
Thuringia and Arnstadt, it is, indeed, to be preferred to all 
others, only it cannot be preserved without passing over into 
a strong vinous fermentation with violent foaming, and then 
soon into acetic fermentation. A middle course is pursued by 
the brewers of Gose (light beer) in Goslar, in the Duchy of An- 
halt, as in Sondersleben, Glauzig and Wendorf. They also take 
air-malt of wheat for brewing, but they add a small amount of 
the decoction of hops, which is hardly, or not at all, tasted in 
drinking it. This keeps better, and our nature gradually, so 
easily and so fully accustoms itself to the small quantity of hops 
that it eventually produces no difference in the eflfect of Homoeo- 

*The book which Hahnemann here mentions and which is spoken of in 
several of the following letters as the " Materialien," was the "Materialien 
zum Gebrauche fur homoopath, heileude Aerzte. Leipzig: Brockhaus. 
1826-30." It was issued in parts, a volume being published yearly. Four 
■volumes were issued. 


pathic doses of medicines. The light beer of Kirchberg, how- 
ever, and other similar light beers, have an intoxicating, injuri- 
ous ingredient in them. Even brown beer, which in itself I can 
not recommend, if it only contains hops and no other bitter herb 
or intoxicating growth, but only hops in limited quantity, may 
yet, in default of a better, be permitted if the patient was before 
used to it, whereby it becomes pretty much indiiFerent. If the 
patient can get no good light beer, let him get malt 
extract made of wheat, or lacking this, malt extract made 
of barley; lei him dry it hard and cut it into dice-shaped pieces; 
let these, be crushed into a coarse powder, pour boiling water 
over it, twenty-three times the weight of the malt, cover it and 
let it draw out. This strained decoction should then be pre- 
served in bottles for future use. This gives us quite a harmless 
drink, which after being kept up for a few days becomes some- 
what spirituous and is lightly nourishing. 

"If I should be able to get to see and to speak to you once 
before my end it would give me joy. 

' ' Yours devotedly, 

"S. Hahnemann, 

" Coethen, November 24., 1826." 

' ' Dear Doctor: 

" You gave me much joy with your dedication. I quite recog- 
nize its value, and only wish for the opportunity to show you my 
gratitude for the same. 

" Also in this part of your 'Materialien,' for the transmission 
of which I give you my best thanks, I again realize the con- 
venience for finding everything in it, which is afforded by the 
alphabetical order adopted by you. Your painstaking care is 
unmistakable. If it is possible for you to grant me very soon 
the honor of your personal acquaintance you will give great 
pleasure to 

" Your most devoted, 

"S. Hahnemann. 

'' Coetke7i, AuQ^ust 17, 182'/.'" 

' ' Dear Colleagtie: 

" With many thanks I acknowledge to you the receipt of the 
third part of your 'Materialien,' collected by you with so 


much trouble and industry, with which you kindly present me. 
They will not fail of their intended use with Homoeopathic 

"It cannot be denied that the alphabetical arrangement 
affords a great facility in finding what you desire, and when 
there are a great number of subjects it is an indispensable help. 

" I know what service was rendered to me in my formerly as 
yet small practice by the second part of my " Fragmenta de 
viribus medicamentorum positivis." Leipsic: Barth, 1805, 
namely, by the Latin Index. 

" If you have this Index in your possession, you will readily 
concede this. Such a small vocabulary does not indeed seem to 
have any learned appearance, nor to deserve much esteem, but 
it only seems so, even as many a thing in the world seems to be 
of quite a different nature than it is in fact and reality. 

"Let such a Criticaster nosotolus only try to produce some- 
thing similar. Incredible efforts as well as judgment are 
required to turn the phrases so that the leading word offers itself 
to the alphabetical arrangement, and when this word occurs 
frequently so to arrange that the symptoms containing the same 
may also through the secondary ideas follow each other, divided 
into subdivision in alphabetical order. It is, therefore, a work 
full of skill, which, on account of the facility afforded for find- 
ing what is wanted, deserves the greatest esteem. 

"I have on this account concluded to prepare in German, 
with the help of good friends, and to publish as soon as possible, 
such a general register like the above-mentioned Latin Index, 
to contain the symptoms of the antipsoric medicines, which will 
now very soon be published. I know that this great multitude 
of symptoms will only become useful to the Homoeopathic phj^- 
sician when he can quickly find every idea and expression that 
he is in search of. 

' ' I prepared such a vocabulary for my own practical use 
twelve years ago with respect to the medicines then already 
proved. This is a large folio volume which I shall show you 
when you will do me the honor of paying me a visit. I cannot 
tell you what great service this book has rendered me; it has 
been really indispensable for me to save valuable time which 
would have been required for finding out the facts from the text. 

"Should this undertaking please you on examination, and 


sboiild you be willing to become a co-laborer in this scheme, it 
would be very agreeable to me. I should take care to provide a 
fitting stipend. 

" In the meanwhile I beg you to think kindly of me. 
" Your devoted, 

"S. Hahnemann. 
*' Coethen, April ^, 1828.'^ 

" ' My Dear Colleague : 

"Only lately I became certain that H b's handiwork is 

only a systematic presentation after the fashion of his former 
work, for Arnold has now accepted the publication of my alpha- 
betical repertory. 

"On this account I could not answer your friendly letter 
before this. Our work requires more headwork and more 
thought, but then it is also just what we should wish it to be, 
immensely facilitating the finding of all the states of health and 
disease and presenting quickly to the investigator all the par- 
ticular ideas worth knowing, which often lie hidden in the 

' ' Let us use all care to make it most perfect. I therefore 
take the liberty of communicating to you in the enclosed leaflet 
my idea of how it may be best arranged, so that you may then 
send it to our friend Stapf, in order that he may hand it to Dr. 
Rummel. For on account of my being so fully occupied it is 
impossible for me to read it to each one separately. If it will 
not give you too much trouble I would ask to revise the part 
kindly forwarded to me, which I herewith return to you, accord- 
ing to my direction, and to go on in the same way with the 
remaining symptoms of Phosphorus. 

" I have pressed out the juice of Rad. cyclamen Europ. during 
the winter, and also the herb of Helleborus niger when it com- 
menced to bloom in January, and the juice of both of them will 
be at your service when you shall do me the honor to pay me a 

"In Warsaw, Dr. Bigel has received from Grand Duke Con- 
stantine 500 sons of soldiers for Homoeopathic treatment, and 
Dr. Cosmo de Horatiis, in Naples, has received from his king 
the transfer of a large Homoeopathic clinic. Thus things are 
progressing in foreign parts. 


"And even to the Russian army operating against Turkey, 
Dr. Hermann, of Petersburg, has been sent by Grand Duke 
Michael, to treat the hospital patients Homoeopathically. And 
we in Germany, how far are we behind them! We have no 
powerful patron, and even the originator of the art must be glad 
to practise his beneficent art in a little foreign place, without 
being publicly authorized, while he is in exile and denied the 
privilege of administering his own medicines, and the next 
thing is that his bones, now growing old, will be buried in a 
foreign land. O temporal O mores! 

"All is in vain that the good Tittmann and Albrecht have 
written. Hahnemann is forbidden, according to the edict, to 
prescribe anything in Saxony but the apothecary's mixtures, 
and his native land remains closed to him. 

"If we had a Homoeopathic clinic it would be easy to study 
out Laduca virosa, which would surely prove beneficent, and 
also many other treasures of nature. God grant that I may soon 
be able to see and to talk with you here, sound and in good 
health. Preserve to me your love. This is written at the 
entrance of my seventy-fifth year, April lo, 1829. 
" Your most devoted, 

"Sam. Hahnemann." 



' ' My Dear Friend and Colleague: 

"Ever since I have been able to think. Saxony has advanced 
in all good things at a snail's pace, and its constitution will only 
be able with great trouble to make a commencement in improve- 
ment, for all the limbs of this State are fast asleep. Only what 
is old and fixed by custom seems best to it, and whatever is at 
present customary, however bad and corroded with rust it may 

"Therefore the good members of our Legislature have not 
been able to do anything effective for us, as I always have 
foretold. Still it was rather strange that no one was bright 


enough to exclude Heinroth from the consultation, though he 
already betore had taken part against our art as in his sophisti- 
cal Anti-Organon. It was very wrong of the President that he 
admitted this spiritual adversary to the consultation. Your 
Grossman has shown himself to advantage in this business. 
Although I did not find a sample of the highly recommended 
steel pens in your letter, I confide in your recommendation, and 
would ask you at once to send me three dozen for a dollar, if I 
had a note for that amount at hand. 

" I have finished my whole elaboration of this second edition 
of the "Chronic Diseases," and have a stack of documents ly- 
ing before me which our good friend Isensee* has written and 
collected of impressive transactions with Arnold, whom we have 
not been able to induce to send me a few proof sheets of the first 
part, so that I might be able to see whether he has really com- 
menced the work or not. (The wicked behind his back — 

you know him — bewitches him, and makes him grow numb as 
from a rattlesnake, only to torment me to death.) f 

"I kept Mr. Jahr for eight months to assist me in this work, 
an expense of more than five hundred thalers, and nevertheless, 
I have not seen one proof sheet ! No demonstrable beginning of 
the printing of the work ! Also the good notary Albrecht we 
have called to our aid, but all in vain. Neither will he return 
the first part, thus preventing me from applying to another pub- 
lisher. The boy behind his back is not worth the gallows ! 

" You will regret with me that I cannot put the money derived 
from the reprint of the first two parts to some useful purposes, 
we have to thank the bad boy for that ! 

' ' Enclosed find twenty-eight gulden from Prague and a short 
list of the donors. I would send you far more from the hands of 
Boenninghausen, if he had only received your part of the 'Jahr- 
bucher ; ' he writes me that in that case there would be no lack 
of contributions. This good man is now placed in a favorable 
position by the powers above, whereby he gains more leisure for 
our art. 

"Don't listen toothers! Give us in the 'Jahrbucher' only 

*Isetisee was his solicitor and lived at Coethen. 

t Hahnemann seems to refer to Trinks. In a letter to Stapf written in 
1836 he says : "The inimical spirit of Trinks has been very evident. It 
must have been by his devilish interference that Arnold let my manuscript 
lie so long unprinted." 


successful cures. Remain strong and in good health, and give 
my greetings to your Anna, also to Haubold, Wahle, I^ux and 
whoever else is worth greeting, from, 

' ' Your, 

" Samuel Hahnemann. 

" Coethe?i, N'ov. 2^, i8jo.'" 

Hering said of Arnold, the publisher of so many of Hahne- 
mann's books:* "Subsequently (to the publication of the 
' Fragmenta') owing to the increase in the number of remedies 
the difficulty of reference increased to such a degree as to lead 
Hahnemann to prepare an elaborate index, in which symptoms 
pertaining to each organ, locality, sensation, functional change, 
condition and modality, as well as each combination of symptoms 
could be found and compared. 

"Aided by this bulky ' Index', Hahnemann succeeded in cur- 
ing a young. man who had for years been tortured with most hor- 
rible pains, the result of old school medication. This young 
man subsequently became the head of the publishing house of 
Arnold, in Dresden, and out of gratitude he offered to print the 
'Organon' in 1810; this was followed by the first volume of 
the 'Materia Medica Pura' in 181 1. Eleven years were re- 
quired to sell the edition of the first volume of the ' Materia 
Medica. ' " 

The next letter in this interesting series is as follows: 
' ' Dear Friend and Colleague : 

"After having become better acquainted with your journal, f 
I beg you not to let it fall again at any price or for any reason. 
I foresee that you will forward through it the development of 
our art infinitely more than could be done through all other 
Homoeopathic writings, mine not excepted. Think what a good 
work you are doing, what great service you are thereby render- 
ing to humanity. Your inventive genius will yet discover ways 
and means to continue this journal in au instructive manner, and 
as it daily increases its list of subscribers, the publisher must 
come and increase your stipend (still more in the future), so that 

* Trans. World's Horn. Convention. 1876. Vol. i, p. 1094. 

fThe journal to which Hahnemann alludes was the Zeitung der naiicr- 
gesetzlichen Heilkunst fur Freunde tmd Feind der Homoopathie. It was 
issued weekly as a small quarto, and was a popular and family sheet. It 
was commenced in July, 1830. 


you will finally have a satisfactory income. Think of me. It 
would also be advisable to request one and another Homoeopath 
by letter to furnish news from his part of the country. 

" Did Stapf, as I requested, give you the news for publication 
that Dr. Aegidi, of Ilsit, has accepted the call as Homoeopathic 
physician in ordinary to her royal highness, Princess Fredericka 
of Prussia, in Dusseldorf, with a yearly salary of 600 thalers, 
traveling expenses, and the written official permission to pre- 
scribe his own medicines, and that he has entered on his office ? 

"A reader of your journal reports not having found in it this 
good news. Herewith I communicate to you, in addition, the 
following for publication: 

"St. Petersburg. — A very zealous Homoeopath, Dr. Zim- 
merman, formerly having a position in the hospital at Oranien- 
baum, who is now at Zarskoe-Selo (three miles from Petersburg) 
physician to a newly established Institute for the care of soldiers' 
boys, 400 in number, accepted this position only on condition 
that he be allowed to treat the patients Homoeopathically. 

"They have there even children with nurses, and also boys 
up to ten years of age. The Institute is under the charge of the 
Empress, who is interested in it. This Homoeopathic treatment 
was not only granted by the authorities, but a sum of money for 
procuring a Homoeopathic pharmacy was also granted him. Tu 
ne cede malis sed contra audacior ito! (Do not give way to the 
wicked, but boldly meet them!) 

"All will come better if we only persevere. That is what I 
did, and God has at last blessed me, after all my trouble and 

" I anticipate with pleasure your visit after the celebration of 
the loth of August. "Your devoted, 

"Sam. Hahnemann. 
" Coethen, July 2, 183 1. 

"P. S. — For the twenty-one year old patient so dreadfully 
injured by Iodine, whom I consider almost a desperate case and 
poisoned, I advise to use yet Phosphorus and Natrimi muriaficum 

' ' Dear Friend and Colleague : 

" I rejoice in your operations. What Dr. I^ehmann writes I 
confirm; as to the rest, more orally, as I wish. Or wrote to 


me himself, how rudely he treated you, and I gave him a good 

" He is as yet too rough; necessity will have to polish him. 
You are right in leaving him severely alone. For Lehmstaedt 
I advise to alternate with Platina, Hepar and Toxicodendron, 
leaving each medicine to act fourteen days. 
" Hoping to see you soon. Your 

"Sam. Hahnemann. 
■■" Coethen, Mafch 77, i8j^y 

It is of interest to know Hahnemann's opinion of braces and 
machines in the treatment of spinal diseases, and it may be 
learned by the following letter, written to Dr. Loewe of Prague:* 

"As regards the girl with the crooked spine I would never 
recommend machines, which, as far as I know of them, are very 
far from attaining their object, but, on the contrary, do much 
more harm than good; and as, moreover, the disease that lies at 
the root of the softening of the bones, causing the curvature, is 
purely a psoric one, you will find it best to give first, tinct. 
Sulph., one, two or three globules; then Calcarea ; then Phos. 
acid; then Baryta and Phosphorus, and Silicea. 

" At the same time the patient should walk out in the open 
air, and should use gymnastic exercises of the cross bar daily, 
several times, by hanging from it with both hands and swinging 
to and fro several minutes at a time. You will, of course, also 
order that coffee, tea, and vegetable acids should be avoided. 
Stroking the crooked parts with mesmerizing hands has often 
been of use alone, and we should at least use it as an auxiliary 

"Farewell, and remember yours. 

"S. Hahnemann. 

" Coethen, 2jd Sept., 18 ji.''' 

Hahneman also in a letter to Stapf, dated June 22, 1829, says 
in regard to spinal diseases: f" I have improved and even cured 
several cases of curvature of the spine by antipsoric remedies 
{e.g. Calc.) without the aid of a machine. A respectable un- 
married lady, of about forty years of age, who was very de- 
formed, while taking antipsoric medicines for periodical head- 

*Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xv., p. 336. 
^Hom. World, Vol. xxv., p. 18. 


ache and some miliary eruption became two inches taller, so that 
I scarcely recognized her when I saw her a year afterwards." 

Again to Stapf he says:* " I am delighted with the eflfect of 
Sulphur on your little Mary, which is as striking as it is beneficial. 
Without using any rr achine I have cured a number of deformities 
of the bones with antipsorics. The healing power of t>od with 
which He has endowed the antip<oric remedies given to us has 
no need of such painful appliances. Simple mechanical means 
may certainly prove of use. Thus I saw a very deformed lady, 
forty-eight 3'ears of age, who, after a nearly completed anti- 
psoric treatment for persistent headache, felt an urgent desire to 
stretch herself frequently. In order to do this she often hung 
and swung herselt by an elevated cross beam; in a short time 
she became three inches taller and straighter, so that I was 
amazed and hardly recognized her when I saw her a year after- 
wards. That must obviate the necessity of employing the ma- 
chines of Heine and others." This letter was written in 1826. 



Hahnemann's good protector, the Duke Ferdinand, died in 
1 83 1. From his first acquaintance with his friend and doctor he 
had treated him with uninterrupted kindness. After his death 
the medical authorities of the State, the Allopathic physicians, 
got the ear of Duke Henry, the brother and successor of Ferdi- 
nand, and sought to prejudice him against Hahnemann.! 

Hahnemann and Dr. Mossdorf did not agree well, and Moss- 
dorf finally left Coethen, leaving Hahnemann without any 

Hahnemann addressed the following letter to the Duke Henry 
on August 6, 1832: 
'^'^ Most Serene and Gracious Lord : 

"For some years I availed myself of the permission most 
graciously accorded by your lamented brother, my never to be 

*Hc»;«. World, Vol. xxiv., p. 362. 

t Brit. Tour. Horn., Vol. xxxvi., p. 262. 


slightly honoi'ed patron, to associate with myself a Homoeo- 
pathic medical assistant independent of the Allopathic medical 
authorities, whom I would still have retained had his moral 
conduct been only tolerable. 

"Now I am compelled, by my great age and the afflux of 
patients from far and near that overtaxes my powers, to select 
another successor arid assistant, and my choice has fallen on Dr. 
lychmann, of Iveitzkau, a man who has for several years enjoyed 
a good repute as an Allopathic physician, and a person of quiet 
and steady character, who has now embraced Homoeopathy 
from conviction, and displays such an active zeal for his health- 
promoting art, that he gives hopes of being able, with my aid, 
to do some excellent service therein. 

" I have considered it my duty to announce my choice to your 
Serene Highness as your most obedient servant, 

"Samuel Hahnemann." 

The jealous medical authorities of the State obtained the ear 
of the Duke and endeavored to persuade him not to grant to Dr. 
lychmann the same privilege that Dr. Mossdorf had enjoyed. 
He was allowed to go to Coethen as the assistant of Hahnemann, 
but could not take patients independently of him, and was sub- 
ject to the control of the Allopathic authorities. 

Therefore Hahnemann, on the 3d of December, 1832, addressed 
the following remonstrance to Duke Henry : 
" Most Serene Diike, Most Gracious Lord : 

" I beg to offer my most humble thanks to your Serene High- 
ness for your gracious permission to choose Dr. Lehmann as my 
medical assistant. Dr. Lehmann, who was already versed in 
the Homoeopathic doctrine, has by zeal, under my guidance, in 
a short time attained such proficiency in it that I can already 
reckon him one of my good disciples. 

"He has already procured nie some relief in my excessive 

"But the afflux of patients given over as incurable by your 
Allopathic physicians to the Homoeopathic system, from far and 
near, increases daily, so convinced are the public that real and 
permanent cure is only to be obtained from the new system of 

" I therefore make bold once more to beg your Serene High- 
ness, humbly, but confid-rntially, that you would generously 


please to accord to Dr. L<ehmann, in order that he may be able 
to give me his aid in full efficiency, the same independent posi- 
tion towards me as wis enjoyed by Dr. Mossdorf, my former 
medical assistant, by the grace of the unforgetable Duke Ferdi- 
nand, your lamented brother. 

" Only thus can I have in Dr. lyehmann a true and lasting 
aid and support, and on my decease your Serene Highness will 
have in your capital a true Homoeopathic physician trained 
under my guidance, whereas otherwise he will soon return to 
his own country to practice as a Homoeopathic physician in 
Magdeburg, and I in my advanced age will be again left alone, 
and will be compelled to turn away more than half of the 
patients who flock to be cured. 

" Your Serene Highness's most obedient, 

" Samuee Hahnemann." 

Duke Henry, without consulting the medical authorities, 
granted this favor. He issued a decree dated January 14, 1833, 
as follows: 

"We grant permission to Dr. Lehmann to settle here as a 
practicing Homoeopathic physician for the purpose of assisting 
Hofrath Dr. Hahnemann, and as such to prepare the medicines 
he requires for his treatment. In other respects, Dr. L,ehmann 
is subject to all State and police laws and regulations. 

" Henry." 

Hahnemann soon after published in Schweikert's journal the 
following letter upon the subject of self-dispensing:* 

' ' The Dispensing oe Homceopathic Remedies Exempt from 
THE Old Apothecaries' Privilege. 

' ' In contradistinction to what was published in the Prussian 
States Gazette on April 17 of this year (1833), whereby out of 
courtesy to an old-time apothecaries' privilege, the dispensing of 
their own medicines is again refused to Homoeopathic physicians, 
it is a pleasure to make known to our age the disposition of a 
noble hearted sovereign, Duke Henry of AnhaltCoethen, who, 
upon self-acquired conviction of the infinite superiority of 
Homoeopathic remedies to the old physic, of his own accord and 
in unison with the previous good sense of his deceased brother 
Ferdinand, granted full permission to Dr. Hahnemann to pre- 
pare his own medicines himself, and thus to lend a helping hand 

"^ Zeit. der horn. Heilkunst, Vol. vii., p. 188. 


to his patients, in a rescript executed in his own handwriting, 
on the 14th of this January (1833), ^^'^ has now conferred upon 
Dr. Lehmann also the same right to heal unhindered his patients 
with Homoeopathic remedies prepared by himself — a privilege 
which has been attended with blessed results to sick people. 

" Samueiv Hahnemann. 
*' Coeihe7i, 26, iSjj.'" 

After Hahnemann had left Coethen in 1835 the apothecaries ot 
the Principality presented a petition signed by all of them asking 
that not only Hofrath Lehmann should be deprived of the right 
to prepare and dispense his own medicines, but that the right 
should be denied to all other Homoeopathic physicians who 
might settle in Coethen. 

The Duke rejected this and confirmed Dr. Lehmann in his 
privilege. Lehmann remained for many years in Coethen, where 
he died on January 9, 1865, aged 77 years. 

Hahnemann was in the habit of sending to him from Paris for 
his medicines, and he supplied him with them until the time of 
his death.* 

The following letter to Dr. Aegidi is of interest as showing 
Hahnemann's opinion at this period of his life in regard to the 
repetition of the Homoeopathic dose, especially of the antipsoric 
remedies :t 

"First about your good Princess. In October 1829 she sent 
me the heavy package of your prescriptions up to that time, from 
which I have made the enclosed extract. From this I see that 
she had already abused baths with Hepar Sulphuris and precipi- 
tated Sulphur. From a great fear, warned by experience, I 
avoided entirely giving her the like. Nevertheless, my later 
observations have taught me that even after being abused it 
may after two or three years be used with great profit and with- 
out harm in our preparations of the same. 

"Now since Sulphur 2J~, prepared by us and in our doses re- 
mains the most excellent of all the antipsoric remedies which 
therefore cannot help advancing her in her cure, I herewith send 
you nine little powders; in these, in No. i, 4, 6 and 9, is one 
little pellet of Tct. Sulplmr, x. 

"Wolf, in Dresden, has in the y^rMzV called attention to the 

* Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. viii., p. 555. 
■\Allg. horn. Zeitung, Vol. Ixviii., p. 16. 


fact, but I perceived it already before that in very old psoric ail- 
ments Sulphur in one dose is not sufficient, and I therefore effect 
far more in the worst cases by giving in the commencement 
several doses, especially with patients who have already been 
much spoiled by many wrong remedies, if only thej'- have not 
lately received Sulphur; we, as it were, penetrate by means of 
this remedy through the diatheses of the diseases caused by 
medicines, so as to surely aflfect the vital force with the necessary 
healing Siclphur disease. 

"I was led to this through the perverse Allopathic practice, 
by means of which these gentlemen through daily (often through 
several daily) doses of one and the same medicine, within 
a few weeks produce with certainty a long-enduring, medicine 
sickness (though they do this to the destruction of their patients- 
not only when the medicine was considerable and unhomoeo- 
pathic; since through these means used in so long a repetition 
and largeness of dose, the vital force is only suppressed and ren- 
dered incapable for any beneficial healing action). Sed abusus^ 
non tollit usum. 

" I drew from this the instruction that likely several repeti- 
tions of the dose of a Homoeopathic remedy within a short 
period may be required to effect thereby gradually such a degree 
of medical transformation of the vital force as may be necessary 
for the production of a reaction of the vital force sufficient tO' 
cure a severe chronic disease. Experience also taught me that 
this repeated giving of the smallest dose is in practice immeasur- 
ably preferable to any merely single prescription of this dose. 
Three or four days in succession {e.g., i' 2' 3' Tct. Sulph., x) 
such a smallest dose has surely already done me good service 
with persons not too excitable, but with very sensitive persons 
that order is more effective in which I herewith send you the 
Sulphur for the Princess, who will therefore take on each one of 
the nine mornings one moistened powder, moistened without 
drinking anything within one-half hour afterwards. Still it will 
be best if this is not done shortly before an expected monthly. 
I hope very much from tliis medicine. 

"I would beg you to communicate something of what I have 
said to our excellent Homoeopathic friend, von Boenninghausen. 

"You have given me as much pleasure by the rest of your 
news concerning the progress of our art, both in your practice 


and in the better opinion of the public with respect to it, as if 
you had made me a great present. For the welfare of suffering 
humanity is very dear to my heart. Of the enclosed two steel 
engravings, one is intended for you and the second for the good 

' ' Schmit's well-written pamphlet is also intended for you. The 
enclosed little sealed packet I would request you to be so kind 
as to transmit to our dear R. R. v. B. The letter of the worthy 
V. Lotzbeck has given me pleasure. God grant you great good 
fortune is the wish of 

" Your friend, 

" S. Hahnemann. 

Coetheri, Jan. 6 th , 183 ^ . " 



'Rapou says: "From 1829 to 1832 were three very happy years 
in the life of Hahnemann; honored by the friendship and pro- 
tection of a generous Prince, glorying in a reputation more than 
European, chief of a school whose pupils were zealous and re- 
spected. His practice was very large. 

" Dr. Mossdorf had at first been his assistant, but in 1832 he 
engaged Counsellor Lehmann to assist him. Just when Dr. Moss- 
dorf left Coethen is uncertain, but it is probable that he had, in 
1832, been gone for several years when Hahnemann asked to be 
allowed to engage Dr. I^ehmann as assistant. 

"Many of his believers from Europe and other countries 
visited Coethen, the Mecca of Homoeopathy." 

Hull says: *"A trait of character especially manifested at 
this period of Hahnemann's career commands our deepest respect, 
his charitable treatment of the poor, medically and pecuniarily. 
The poor of the district of Coethen were especially the bene- 
ficiaries of his medical skill and attainments, although the in- 
-cessant applications of the influential and wealthy were more 
than sufficient to engross his entire time. The unwearied at- 
*H<&m. Examiner, Vol. ii., p. 8. 

HOMCEOPATHY IN 1 832. 279 

tentions bestowed by him upon an infant, in particular, elicited 
the ardent eulogium of the distinguished Peschier, who took 
advantage of the opportunity to record the habits of practice 
adopted by Hahnemann." 

There is an idea that Hahnemann borrowed his doctrines from 
Paracelsus. He himself did 7iot think he did, as is seen from the 
folio wing extract from a letter to Stapf, dated May 5, 1831: *"What 
do you say about Professor Schultz's work on the homeobiotic 
medicine of Theophrastus Paracelsus, which has been published 
in Berlint (and of which there is full notice in the Vossische 
Zeihing, No. 92) ? According to him I borrowed my system from 
this man's writings (incomprehensible gibberish), but did not 
rightly understand the matter and made a bungle of it. Th. 
Paracelsus, he tells us, understood it much better. 

"No one hitherto has attempted to attack Homoeopathy from 
this side — that alone was wanting." 

From a literary point of view the year of 1832 was exceed- 
ingly important to Homoeopathy. 

To this year belongs the establishment of another Homoeo- 
pathic paper, the Allgemeiiie homoopathische Zeihing, a weekly 
journal of Homoeopathy. It began on July i, 1832. The editors 
were Drs. G. W. Gross, of Juterbogh; F. Hartmann, of Leipsic, 
and F. Rummel, of Magdeburg. The journal is still published, 
and has always been one of the most important in the his- 
tory of Homoeopathy. 

In 1832 Arnold published a new edition of von Brunnow's 
French translation of the "Organon." Arnold in a note says 
that this edition, made from the fourth German edition, was all 
ready to be published in 1830, but that political troubles and the 
slight gain of Homoeopathy in France prevented its issue. 
Brunnow's preface is dated Dresden, April 30, 1830. 

In this same year of 1832 another French translation was 
made by Dr. A. J. L- Jo.urdan, and issued by Bailliere in Paris. 

Arnold mentions this edition in his note, and says he is in- 
nocent of its merits, but refers the reader to a letter from Hahne- 
mann, printed on the same page: 

^Hotn. World, Vol. xxv., p. 256. 

fThe full title is: "The Homeobiotic Medicine of Theophrastus Para- 
celsus contrasted with the Medicine of the Ancients, and the Source of 
Homoeopathy. C. H. Schultz, Berlin, 1831." 


"I declare that my friend M. de Brunnow has perfectly ren- 
dered the text of my 'Organon,' and that this French translation 
is the only one which I regard as authentic. 

" Samuel Hahnemann. 

" Coetheii, loth March, 18^2 ^ 

This book also contains a sketch of Hahnemann's life and a 
general exposition of the principles of HomcEopathy by von 

Dr. Jourdan published a French edition of the " Chronic Dis- 
eases," in 1832, in Paris. The same year Dr. Bigel issued an 
edition at Lyons, also in French. 

Boenninghausen, at Munster, published his celebrated reper- 
tory in 1832. 

In 1832-37 a translation of the " Chronic Diseases " was made 
into Italian by Dr. Belluomini, and published in four volumes, in 
Teramo. Italy. 

Dr. C. G. Peschier, of Geneva, of whom Hull writes, became 
interested in Homoeopathy in 1832. * He attended the meeting 
of the Central Union at Leipsic, in August of that year, and 
afterwards visited Hahnemann at Coethen. An account of the 
meeting of the society and also of the visit to Hahnemann was 
furnished by him in two letters published in the Bibliotheque 
Homceopathiq7ie, Vol. i. 1833. This was the first Homoeopathic 
periodical published in the French language, and Dr. Peschier 
afterwards became its editor. 

Dr. Peschier was at Coethen about the middle of August, 1832, 
and remained there for some time, learning the new medical doc- 
trine at the home and from the lips of its discoverer. 

The following is a free translation of the letter describing this 
visit, t "After the meeting at Leipsic, many of the visiting phy- 
sicians went to Coethen to pay their respects to Hahnemann. 

"The hour on which I could meet the venerable Hahne- 
mann arrived, and already one of the many patients of the great 
man coming from his office informed me that Hahnemann 
knew of my arrival and was very anxious to see me. Upon 
these flattering words I at once prepared to wait upon him, when 
a message came saying that he would be detained for an hour by 

*Biography iu Btit. Jour. Horn., VoL xii., p. 166. 
■\ Bibliotheque Homosopathique, Vol. i., p. 378. 


patients. The hour passed slowly. I presented myself at last, 
and the old man hastened to me and pressed me in his arras, 
calling me his son, his dear son ; on my part I addressed him as 
my father, and kissed with respect the honorable hand that had 
written so much for the good of humanity. 

"Time passed rapidly and already we were conversing as two 
friends; I told him how I had learned of his new system and of 
my success in its practical application, and he explained to 
me his opinions on the chronicity of diseases, on the method of 
their attack and the difl&culty in curing them, also that certain so- 
called incurable affections ought not to be so regarded by the 

" I said to him that I had not been able to follow the precept 
never to repeat the same remedy, and that I had not been able 
to discover the evil in doing so; to which he answered that 
experience had caused him to modify his system on that point 
and that he now agreed to the repetition of doses, and that he 
had made it the subject of the first part of the recent work by 
Dr. Boenninghausen, entitled 'Alphabetical and Systematic 
Repertory of the Action of Antipsoric Remedies.' 

" Already the physicians of Leipsic have said that the repe- 
tition of the dose is necessary in the treatment of chronic diseases. 

"But he insisted upon small quantity, and understanding 
always the subtlety and divisibility of Homoeopathic medicines, 
he said to me that it is often the case that it is sufi&cient to 
smell of the bottle containing the medicament. 

"This subtlety is a. thing very well assured, and, as is well 
known, persons are often restored by olfaction of certain sub- 
stances from faintings and vertigoes; until the use of the smell- 
ing bottle has become a habit of society. 

"After this Hahnemann instructed me in regard to the action 
of certain ' polychrest ' substances combining the action of 
prompt and decisive remedies and those of antipsorics, that 
have a very long and continued action. 

"He confirmed me in the opinion that had already been 
formed by experience, that antipsorics, properly applied, are 
speedily successful in the cure of maladies, a long time after the 
special affection for which they ought to be prescribed has dis- 
appeared; in this case they cause to disappear a host of symp- 
toms considered in the face of the more grave ones unimportant; 


and a strong and endurable state of health then succeeds the 
habitual malaise, while there is a slight reappearance of the 
malady for which the physician had been consulted. 

"This long and interesting conversation was prolonged dur- 
ing a supper amicably offered and sumptuously served by the 
two daughters of Hahnemann, who rivaled each other in polite- 
ness and attention to the friends of their respected father. 

''After this evening conference had been prolonged late into 
the night, I requested another for the morning, which was affec- 
tionately accorded. At the hotel where I was staying, it was 
customary to hear many times during the day the tramping of 
horses at the arrival and departure of the strangers who attended 
from all parts on account of the great reputation and successful 
practice of Hahnemann. This hotel at this time had a majority 
of its chambers occupied by those persons who had come from 
distances to consult the oracle of Homoeopathy; for example, I 
noticed among others a Dane, a Courlander, a Hungarian, a 
Russian and a Silesiau. 

"But to return to Hahnemann: at the end of the day I had 
found him occupied in a consultation on an infant of a poor 
woman, for the poor were the same to him as those who had 
riches; it taught me his manner of proceeding. 

"Hahnemann writes punctually the totality of symptoms, or 
entire group of sufferings of the patient, including all constitu- 
tional ailments previously manifested in his own person or of 
any hereditary taints characteristic of his progenitors. On the 
completion of his record, the symptoms of the disease are most 
carefully arranged to correspond with the indications of the drug 
he deems most appropriate to the case; but in reaching this con- 
clusion he neither confides in his memory nor relies solely upon 
his long experience, but has constantly before him the ' Materia 
Medica' and Ruckert's ' Repertory,' from whence he culls every 
remedy the emergency of the case demands. 

"As he pursues this course towards every patient we can 
readily perceive how completely and incessantly^ his time must 
be occupied by the history of his consultations. 

"The register of his consultations, every day increasing in 
magnitude, forms at this moment a stupendous medical encyclo- 
paedia. We have seen upon one of the shelves of Hahnemann's 
library thirty-six quarto volumes of at least 500 pages each. 


entirely written by his own hand; and to those who are curious 
as to the penmanship of the venerable octogenarian, who has 
never used spectacles, we can testify to writing as fine and beau- 
tiful as the mignonne of Didot. 

" But this is only a part of the daily occupation of this great 
man; medical correspondence holds an important place in the 
occupation of his time, and this is truly immense. 

" The collection of his received letters, which are subsequently 
arranged into volumes, forms no trifling compilation; and the 
repertorj^ alone of his letters, containing the names of his cor- 
respondents and the dates of their missives, is an enormous 
volume, in folio, which is kept under the superintendence of 
Miss Hahnemann. 

"All this work absorbed the time of our common master, 
who regretted that he had no more to devote to the development 
of the science ; so that he had asked as an assistant Dr. Lehmann, 
who would probabl}^ continue the treatment commenced and 
only render an account of the results to Hahnemann ; I have had 
the pleasure to take tea with this doctor, who merits at the same 
time the confidence of the Master and of the public. 

"The father of Homoeopathy possesses at Coethen a rather 
small house that probably he finds large enough, and which is 
joined to a very small garden entirely enclosed and screened 
from sight ; I state this circumstance, because this same en- 
closure, which is just twenty-five foot paces long, is his one and 
only promenade, in which he never puts off his dressing gown 
and his slippers ; there are for him neither fetes nor Sundays ; 
his patients do not permit him to distinguish that day from 

"Hahnemann never pays any visits, the people of Coethen 
and their neighbors, who have recourse to his advice, send to 
him an account of the condition of their maladies and he sends 
to them that which is necessary ; I know certain people of Leip- 
sic who have sought counsel from him for their relatives and 
themselves, sending over the eight leagues that separate the 
two villages, twice daily, an express, in acute diseases. 

" It may be permitted me to state that one of the persons of 
whom I have spoken, M. the Counsellor de Freygang, consul 
general of Russia at Leipsic, is one of the most amiable, best . 
educated men whom I have ever known, which made his recep- 
tion in respect to myself all the more amiable and obliging. 


" His respect for Hahnemann is without limit; and it is, they 
say, to his zeal and affection that the latter owes the protection 
of the Duke d'Anhalt Coethen, whom M. de Freygang made 
imperfectly understand the glory that would redound upon his 
name, so that he gave an honorable asylum to the useful savant 
that his merit demanded from the persecution of Leipsic. This 
anecdote, I have never heard from himself, he is too modest to 
permit others to understand his services. 

"During many days, I passed five and six hours of the 
evening and night with Hahnemann, conversing with him upon 
his doctrine and his practice, while his amiable daughters 
lavished their cares and attentions in providing refreshments, a 
collation, a supper, which testified to their abundance 
and to their delicacy of pleasing by means of which 
this distinguished family extended its hospitality to a guest 
come from so far. 

" One nig'ht this politeness had for its main object another 
Swiss, Doctor Huber, of the Canton of Zurich, who had come to 
Coethen solely to pay his respects to Hahnemann ; the meeting 
of two Helvetians, natives of the two extreme points of their 
country is worthy of remembrance; M. Huber had not assisted 
in the Leipsic fete, and only remained at Coethen a day. 

"One other night, I had for messmate M. the Russian Coun- 
sellor Wraski, who had translated the 'Organon' into Russian, 
and who, after a sojourn of some months in Germany, from 
whence he was carrying a complete pharmacy, proposed to prac- 
tice Homoeopathy at home, upon his countr3^men and neighbors. 
Without doubt he has rendered them great services. 

"Iwill here mention that the 'Organon' has already been trans- 
lated into five languages. I have seen copies of each one of 
these translations upon Hahnemann's table, that is completel}^ 
covered with offerings of books, of brochures and Homoeopathic 

"It is without doubt homage due to the inventor of this 
science, but in the present name of the author of each work it is 
a homage inutile, because Hahnemann has not the time to read a 
single page of the writings of others, and also to record the prac- 
tical observations which he has made so precious. * -^ * 

" I told him of the success I had obtained in the use of spirits 
of SidpJmr in many chronic maladies, and particularly in 


phthisis pulmonalis, in the 12th potency; he seemed both sur- 
prised and satisfied and asked me to make it the object of a 
small memoir for general use. I observed to him that I had con- 
formed to that idea so simple, and so rich in consequence, con- 
tained in the first volume of the 'Chronic Diseases', which asserts 
that lasting diseases of the lungs do not exist without psoric 

" This thought struck him as it has mj^self, and I have no 
doubt that experience will always justify it. 

"After a stay in Coethen of about a week I feared to 
abuse the kindness of my venerable master, and expose his com- 
plaisance to too great a trial by my multiplied questions; I, 
therefore, thought of leaving him. 

"At the last moment, which occurred at his home at night, 
there was a repetition of the expressions of respect and esteem 
which had accompanied my arrival. I quitted him with a deeper 
knowledge, and more impressed with veneration than ever, and 
firmly decided to use every effort of zeal and study to progress in 
scientific attainments, grateful for the honor of so long having 
enjoyed his fatherly friendship." 

Peschier then gives an account of the books upon Hahne- 
mann's table and of their authors, of the progress of Homoe- 
opathy and of the coming meeting of the German Society. 

In a letter to Dr. Stapf, written May 19, 1832, Hahnemann 
thus mentions Homoeopathy in America:* "Nowhere are 
Homoeopaths better off than in North America. There only is 
freedom. The day before yesterday a merchant called on me, 
who was very well informed abotit and a proficient in the prac- 
tice of Homoeopathy. He told me of the great progress of our 
art in that country, principally through the labors of Dr. Ihm 
there, and two others, in Bethlehem and Nazareth (two Moravian 
colonies), of whom I only remember the name of one. Dr. 

In 1829 Hahnemann's favorite nephew. Dr. Trinius, a short 
sketch of whose life is given in the chapter on Hahnemann's 
family, wrote to him requesting him to recommend a suitable 
Homoeopathic physician for the Princess Mary of Wirtemberg. 
She had been under Trinius' care in St. Petersburg, where he 
was physician to the Czar. About this time she had married 
the Duke of Saxe Coburg-Gotha and removed to Coburg. 

*Hom. World, Vol. xxv., p. 503. 


Trinius accompanied her, but was obliged to return to Russia. 
Hahnemann freely states his opinions in regard to the position 
in the following letter:* 

^^ My Dear Nepheiv: 

"Your commission shows your confidence in me, and that is 
what I wished to deserve. Still, as you cannot be aware how 
inevitable and intolerable are the hindrances, calumnies and per- 
secutions which a true Homoeopathic physician in Germany has 
to encounter in every place where he settles as an unprotected 
stranger, so to advise any Horaoeopathist to take such a step un- 
supported were to induce him to court misfortune. Under such 
circumstances Allopathic intrigues have perfectly free scope, 
under the pretence of ancient legal right to display their well- 
known malice against the medical innovator who gives his medi- 
cines to his patients; and they are supported by the judges 
whose medical attendants they are. 'What,' they say, 'does 
the horrid fellow want here ? He is not authorized either by the 
State or by the municipal medical authorities, nor can he be, as 
he is an accursed Homoeopath. We have the power to pervert 
and twist the old laws regulating medical practice (though they 
only have to do with the compounding of Allopathic mixtures by 
the apothecaries) so that they shall compel the Homoeopath to get 
all his simple medicines prepared and dispensed to patients by 
the apothecaries, though they do not understand how to prepare 
them. In order to crush the hateful Homoeopathy, which would 
interfere with their usurious profits, the apothecaries would be 
only too willing to put no or a wrong medicine in the powders, 
and as the dose is so minute, the deception would never be 
discovered. But a Homoeopath, left to the mercy of the apothe- 
caries and not allowed to give his own remedies to his patients, 
is reduced to impotence, just like a painter deprived of permis- 
sion to prepare his colors, and even worse. And if he succeeded 
in surmounting this difficulty, we could always get up a criminal 
process against him in the event of the death of one of his 
patients, because he had not adopted the treatment of our old 
school. By our artful persecution of his patients, and by the 
dissemination of calumnies against his art, he would be so pest- 

*Hom. World, Vol. xxvi., p. 151. Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxiii., p. 151. 
Vol. XXX., p. 293. Zeit.f. horn. Klinik., Vol. xiii., p. 118. 


ered and disheartened that, with the loss of his money and 
health, he would take himself off and relieve us of his odious 
presence, which is exactly what we, the dominant medical guild, 
desire with all our hearts.' 

" Many such sad experiences have been undergone, so that no 
true Homoeopath who cart make a moderate income in his own 
locality would be so foolish as to subject himself to such a pal- 
pable disadvantage. 

" Without a special license from a reigning sovereign, author- 
izing him to exercise his beneficent art, and prepare and dis- 
pense his own medicines unhindered by the medical authorities, 
no worthy Homoeopath chosen by me will or can consent to set 
up in Coburg, and even then not before his subsistence is assured 
by an annual allowance subscribed for by a suflScient number of 
families; for the Allopaths, without exception, will seek to keep 
the public away from him by the most dreadful calumnies, so 
that even the very poorest will hardly dare to cross his threshold, 
as I know by experience. 

"But if the ruler of the country appoints him physician in 
ordinary, and gives him the license above alluded to, he will 
still have to undergo the serious attacks of Allopathic intrigue ; 
but he has assured means of existence, which every true phy- 
sician should possess. 

" I can only recommend and persuade a good Homoeopath to 
accept this post provided he is appointed physician to the Duke 
with a salary for life, and is granted a license authorizing him 
to practice freely — unhindered by the medical authorities — in 
the capital and surrounding country, with medicines prepared by 

"If you feel disposed to see once more your loving uncle 
before his exit from this earthly stage, then do not hesitate to 
come a little out of your way for his sake. Trusting that you 
will do this, I am your affectionate uncle, 

' ' Samuel Hahnemann. 

'' Coethen, Septe7nber ly, 1832. '" 

The following week Hahnemann advertised in the Zeitung for 
a physician, as follows:* 

" A physician wanted. I am seeking for a physician to go to 

*Allg. horn. Zeitung, Vol. 1., p. 72 (Oct. 11, 1832). 


a neighboring city on an assured salary of 900 thalers per annum- 
He must be one who has taken a degree and is legally qualified 
to practice in the Prussian States, and who can show himself to 
be a Homoeopathic practitioner capable of being my assistant. 
But only one who is sure of his capability in Homceopathic 
practice can correspond with me post f;ee. 

"Samuel Hahnemann, Ho/rath. 
" Coethen, 26 September, 1832 ^ 



Griesselich also visited Hahnemann in 1S32 and thus speaks 
of him:* "Hahnemann at the age of seventy seven showed in 
every action all the fire of a young man. No trace of old age could 
be detected in his physical appearance, except the white locks 
surrounding his temples, and the bald crown, which is covered 
with a velvet cap. Small, and sturdy in form, Hahnemann is lively 
and brisk; every movement is full of life. His eyes reveal his 
inquiring spirit; they flash with the fire of youth. His features 
are sharp and animated. As old age .seems to have left few traces 
on his body, so it is with his mind. His language is fiery and 
fluent; often it becomes vehement as a stream of lava against the 
enemies and opponents, not of himself personally, for that he 
never alluded to, but of the great truths to the testing of which 
he had summoned his colleagues for many decades. His memory 
seems to be unaffected; after long interludes and side conversa- 
tion he continues where he left oS". 

"When he becomes heated in conversation, which often hap- 
pens, whether about friend or foe, or on scientific subjects, his 
words flow forth uninterruptedly, his whole manner becomes 
extremely animated and an expression appears on his countenance 
which the visitor admires in silence. Perspiration covers his 
lofty brow; his cap is removed; even his long pipe — his trusty 
companion — goes out and must be relighted by the taper that is 

* " Skizzen aus der Mappe eines reisende Homoopatheu." Karlsruhe. 
Groos. 1832. Also traus. in Ameke's "History of Honiceopathy, " p. 161. 
Zeit. horn. Heilkunst, Schweikert, Vol. ix., p. 364. (Dec. 6, 1834.) 


at hand and kept burning all day. But the white beer must not 
be forgotten. The venerable old man had so accustomed himself 
to this sweet drink that it always stood in a large covered glass 
on his table; -at his meals, too, he takes this drink, which is un- 
known in South Germany. He does not drink wine; his mode 
of life is very simple, abstemious and patriarchal." 

Although in 1832, when the following letter was written, Hahn- 
emann was very happ)^ and prosperous, yet it plainly shows 
that the first years of his stay in Coethen were embittered by the 
medical hierarchy of Anhalt. It is addressed to Dr. Gerstel.''' 
''Dear CoUeagtie: 

"I have read with great pleasure what Dr. Gross wrote to me 
on the report sent by you, and am surprised that the authorities 
have given you such good (so true) testimonials, and I beg you 
to make them known in several widely circulated newspapers. 
You cannot believe how much good is done by a well deserved 
vote of thanks, and how much you stimulate other authorities to 
render similar services to the cause of Homoeopathy. Hitherto, 
the Homoeopathists could bring forward nothing but bitter com- 
plaints about the injustice and neglect that were shown them. 

"And however pardonable such complaints and accusations 
might be, still they, nevertheless, made a bad impression on the 
public, and by no means tended to raise Homoeopathy in its es- 
timation. I have therefore never openly made a grievance of 
the bitter and cruel enmities which were shown to me during the 
first five or six years of my residence here. . For I would far 
rather be envied than pitied. Yet I would, if possible, avoid the 

"It is only within the last few years that I have been able so 
to win over and convince, of the superiority of our art, the public, 
which for years had been prejudiced and hounded on against me 
by Allopaths, apothecaries and surgeons, that now even this 
same public are so much the more angry with the doctors and 
apothecaries, and prefer me so much above all others, that I am 
quite at a loss how to take in all the patients; I am, as it were, 
carried off my feet. So I thought things had happened for the 
best, and my opinion is you have no need to be afraid of the ill- 
will of your colleague in Moravia, for in your country the fright- 
ful impediment to Homoeopathic practice, i. e. , the prohibition 

* Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xv., p. 336. Prager Blonatscrift, Vol. v., p. 32. 


to dispense our own medicines, is, as you assure me, done away 
with. This impediment still exists in almost all other countries 
and renders Homoeopathy almost impracticable here except to 
me alone, as I have a letter of permission from the Sovereign 
of the Land. That the doctors in Brunn could hunt out Mr. 
Fischer, who was certainly a very capable man, arose from the 
circumstance that he had no diploma; and in this respect they 
can do nothing against you. 

"The public in Brunn is already favorably disposed towards 
Homoeopathy, and, therefore, I would not counsel you against 
establishing yourself there. From the Prague bills of mortality, 
which I have consulted diligently, it appeared to be plainly 
shown that you cannot have had your hands free to act there, 
otherwise the rate of mortality would have been more favorable, 
and a number of patients would have been rescued from death by 
your aid. It would please me to receive further good news from 

"Your devoted, 

"Sam. Hahnemann." 

" Coethen, 12th February, 1832.'''' 

Rapou pere visited Hahnemann in 1833, and afterwards ad- 
dressed the Lyons Society of Medicine upon the subject. He 
says:* "I was unable, upon seeing Hahnemann, to restrain 
from the feeling of veneration that this man of genius and 
science impressed upon me. His white hair, his grave air and 
stern mien tempered by very aifable manners; his high forehead, 
his look vivacious and piercing and the hidden irony of his 
smile revealing well the profound thought, ripened by experi- 
ence, and the merciless criticism that has so bitterly assailed the 
vain and pretentious doctrines of the schools. 

"The first conference that I had with him was the day after 
my arrival, and continued from four till ten o'clock. He had 
closed the door, constantly besieged by a throng of sick people, 
so that I might the more benefit by the time which he gave to 
me. We spoke of the great spread of the new method in all 
the countries near Germany, and of its already important posi- 
tion in Austria, where its introduction had to encounter almost 
innumerable obstacles. 

* " Histoire de la Doctrine Medicale Homceopathique, " Paris. 1S47. 
Vol. ii., p. 2S8. 


"I spoke of my knowledge of Homoeopathy, and requested 
information regarding the better methods to be acquired to give 
it value and permit me to entirely renounce the ordinary medi- 
cal practice. 

"He thought a moment, and after having passed in review 
the principles expounded in the " Organon " he proposed to me 
a plan of study that I have the happiness of at present follow- 
ing. It consists in a combination of clinical and pathogenetic 
researches to determine the choice of the remedy by character- 
istic indications. * ^ * 

"The next day Hahnemann gave me an interview at the 
same hour, and showed me some volumes of his immense corre- 
spondence. Among other letters were those of Dr. Mauro, of 
Naples, who at the age of 60 had issued the result of his study 
of Homoeopathy in a book ; of the celebrated Kiesselbach, of 
Hanan ; of Paubel, from Gotha; of the Counsellor Klein, all of 
whom at an advanced age are studying with zeal the new doc- 
trine. But that which interested me the most was a letter from 
Dr. Biett, in which he asked Hahnemann for light upon his 
method, a^d besought him to send him a collection of properly 
prepared remedies in which he had confidence." 

In the eighth number of the Allgemeine homoopathische Zeitung, 
published September 30, 1832, Dr. Hartmann published a list 
of physicians who were known to be practicing Homoeopathy; 
this list embraces 226 names, among whom are "Hering, of 
Surinam; Wesselhoeft, of Pennsylvania; Bute, of Bethlehem, in 
Pennsylvania; Haynel, of Baltimore, in North America." 

From 1S30 to 1835 the quiet little village of Coethen became 
the school hou!-e of Homoeopathy. 

The most liberal of the physicians and many laymen had heard 
with interest of the new and mild method of healing, and a great 
many of them journeyed to the home of the old master to sit at 
his feet. 

In fact the history ot the introduction of Homoeopathy into 
several countries commences with the visit of some physician or 
layman to the old sage, Hahnemann, in the vine covered arbor 
of the little garden at Coethen. 

Thus about 1830 Benitua Iriarte, a rich merchant of Cadiz, 
with his friend Villalba, went to Coethen and soon after intro- 
duced Homoeopathy into Spain.* 

*Rapou's "Histoire de la doct. med. Homoeopathique," Vol. i, p. 175. 


Dr. F. F. Quit! visited Hahnemann in 1821, and in 1827 carried 
the new doctrine to England. 

Dr. Adam met Hahnemann in 1823, and soon after introduced 
Homoeopathy into Russia, commencing its practice in St. Peters- 
burg. Dr. Adam was also one of the provers of the "Materia 
Medica Pura.'' At this period Hahnemann's time was greatly 
occupied in receiving his distinguished visitors from all parts of 
the world. 



As has previously been stated, the Fiftieth Fest-Jubilee was 
the origin of the German Homoeopathic Central Union, which 
since that date had met yearly on the loth of August.* The 
first meeting was held in Leipsic in 1830. Dr. Moritz Muller 
was President. Everything was harmonious, and the rules of the 
Society were for the first time drafted. The meeting of 1831, 
under the Presidency of Dr. Stapf, occurred at Naumburg. Hart- 
mann says that this meeting was largely attended on account of the 
interest in the cholera then prevailing and the hope that Hahn- 
emann would send some communication regarding its treatment. 
In 1832 it met at Leipsic. Dr. Schweikert was President. It 
was held in the evening, and after the address and the scientific 
papers Dr. Schweikert, Sr., made a proposition to establish, 
with the funds then on hand, a Homoeopathic hospital at Leipsic. 
He had already interested Hahnemann in the project. The cap- 
ital from the Coethen celebration had now by contributions 
reached the sum of 4000 thalers. It was unanimously decided. 
to use this money to establish a Homoeopathic hospital and med- 
ical school at Eeipsic. 

Dr. Schweikert was especially enthusiastic regarding the pro- 
ject, and even volunteered to take charge of the new hospital 
without remuneration, and to remove from Grimma to Leipsic 
for the purpose. Dr. Moritz Muller was elected director of the 

* Allg. horn. Zeit., Vol. xxvi. Brit. Jour. Ham., Vol. xxx., p. 464. A^. W.. 
four. Horn., Vol. iv, p. 275. . Schweikert' s Jour., Sept. i, 1830. 


hospital for the ensuing year, and with energy and with great 
influence he commenced to labor for its successful opening. 

Dr. MuUer was a notable man. Born August i, 1784, at 
Olebitz, near Wittenberg, he attended the Gymnasium at Tor- 
gau from the age of eleven to seventeen, when he entered the 
University of Wittenberg. It was there that he first met 
Schweikert, who became a Homoeopathist through his influ- 
ence. Dr. Muller went to Leipsic in his twenty-first year, and 
soon was appointed first Clinical Lecturer and Under Surgeon 
in Jacob's Hospital. Three years later he took entire charge of 
the hospital. 

He received his degree as doctor in 18 10. In 1813, when 
Napoleon's army was fleeing from Russia, and when the camp- 
typhus prevailed in Europe, so that dwellings, school houses 
and churches were utilized as hospitals, Muller had charge of 

Hartmann says of him: ^ "I remember one day in the year 
1 819 Muller sent his secretary to me with the request that I 
would lend him my 'Organon' to look through; I gave it to 
him, shaking my head, with the remark that a star of such 
magnitude in the Allopathic firmament would scarcely come to 
have a right representation of Homoeopathy. Nevertheless, as 
often happens in this life, I deceived myself; the power of truth 
soon became manifest in Muller's clear and unprejudiced mind, 
and he became a complete convert." 

Dr. Muller always held an important place among the early 
followers of Hahnemann. He had a very extensive practice, 
and was greatly respected. 

He had a presentiment that he would die of cholera ; upon its 
approach he used extra care in his food. Hartmann says : "On 
the 22d of September he visited me early, in good spirits; the 
next day I heard that he had been seized with diarrhoea, but 
that he was cheerful, and merely keeping his bed by way of pre- 
caution; on the 24th instant, at half past 5 A. M., vomiting set 
in, accompanied by icy coldness and a pulseless state, yet he 
complained but little of pain; already in the afternoon all hope 
of his recovery was over, and at six o'clock P. M. he sunk to 
rest." This was on September 24th, 1848, at Leipsic. 

Hahnemann seemed at this time to be greatly pleased with 

* Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. viii., p. 268. 


Muller's zeal, and in September, 1832, he wrote him the follow- 
ing kindly letters:* 

' ' Dear Colleague : 

"A press of patients has made it impossible until now to con- 
sider duly my obligations and return you my best thanks for 
your plain summary of the Festival on the nth of August. I 
cannot sufficiently assure you how much I am interested in the 
whole affair, and particularly in the organization of the Union. 
In the allotment of medical diplomas to Homoeopathic students 
who distinguish themselves I consider it a good plan to make 
special mention of those who do the best and are the best pupils, 
and thus encourage them to become true disciples of the art of 
healing. This seems to me so much the more necessary since 
there are still many who palm themselves off as Homoeopathists; 
but, influenced by the old doctrine which they were obliged to 
learn, still use this and that Allopathic remedy in their practice, 
a custom which is wholly inconsistent with true Homceopa^thy, 
just as those who worship the true God, occasionally offer sacri- 
fices to Baal, while every one who understands precisely what our 
healing art can accomplish never has any need to let a drop of 
blood, nor to resort to emetics or laxatives, or even a single 
stimulating remedy other than Homoeopathic. 

" I have needed nothing of the kind for the past thirty years, 
and yet have healed with the best results. Therefore, wherever 
you can eradicate from the minds of our pupils false notions, oc- 
casioned either by misunderstanding of our merciful art or by 
the old Allopathic practice, do so by all means ; and I request 
you, dear associate, to say to them that there is no conceivable 
case of disease where the old practice is still necessarj' and, in- 
deed, where it is not harmful, that cannot be treated better 
Homoeopathically. Let them tread in my footsteps, which, ever 
since I have demonstrated the better way, have never been 
soiled by the filth of the old-time practice. 

" I wish most heartily, as I have already stated in my answer 
to the letter of our friend Haubold, who as Secretary of the 
Central Union desired my signature, that we may soon be so 
fortunate as to establish, under Royal sanction, a hospital contain- 
ing two or three instructors and Homoeopathic practitioners, 

* " Zur Geschichte der Homoopathie,'.' Vou Dr. Moritz MuUer, Leipzig, 
1837, P- 30. 


where the pure system of Homoeopath}^ can be shown in the 
treatment of all kinds of patients, and where it can be demon- 
strated how successfully they can be brought to convalescence 
in every case of disease without having to resort in the least to 
those old quack mal- treatments of the sick. Only by opening a 
hospital thus conducted will we be able to triumph over the old 
practice and to say: ' Come here and look, and be confounded !' 
"With usual esteem, yours, 

"Samuel Hahnemann." 
''Coethen, 24. September, 18 J2.'" 

' ' Dear Colleague : 

"It is strange that the Munich speculation, the establishment 
of a Homoeopathic hospital, with the aid of our capital of 3000 
thalers, has kindled in you the heroic resolution to found with 
so small a beginning as 3000, thalers an Institution similar ta 
the present large Orphan Asylum founded by Francke at Halle, 
with scarcely any money in his pocket. 

" And it is still more wonderful that you had the heart to ask 
authorization and assistance from the Saxon Government, whose 
servitude under the petticoat administration of the hostile Dres- 
den Board of Health you know so well. It was a great present 
from the opposite party, and I am astonished that you did not 
prohibit it. I would not have imagined that you would permit it. 
Yet audaces fortuna juvat ! On the contrary, your City Council 
has shown itself more praiseworthy, especially if you procure for 
the establishment the rights of religious institutions. 

"I am very much astonished also at the small price for which 
you have purchased a house with so much room. In a word, I 
see in the whole proceeding the remarkable Providence of God 
in enabling us to procure for our healing art an indispensable 
need, and to show publicl}'^ and in a matter-of-fact way that art 
to friends and foes and prove its superiority to the old practice. 
The first planning will require the greatest pains. We must 
try to avoid obvious mistakes. As soon as you shall have but 
three beds containing invalids you will have an effective be- 
ginning of the Institute, and friends and well-wishers will be 
sympathetically summoned through Homoeopathic papers ; 


through the AIIg.Anzeig. der Deutschlands, the Augsburg Allgem. 
Zeitung^ through the Genfer ho7noopathische Joiiryial, and thus 
through all literary channels to rear by your benevolence a Medi- 
cal Institute as it will be called in its very infancy. I wish a 
sketch of this from your energetic pen. 

"And, if I do not mistake, rich blessings of praise will soon 
follow in streams ; and having printed a few of them they can be 
disseminated in behalf of our glorious cause. I would like to 
send you a couple, of about a hundred pages each, myself. 
" I conclude with best wishes, 

"Yours most devotedly, 

"S. Hahnemann." 

Coethen, 28th Sept. 1832:' 

Hartmann says that everything up to this time was satisfactory, 
and that a favorable issue seemed certain. But from some cause, 
on the 13th day of October, 1832, Schweikert declined the post 
of director that he had previously wished to take without pay 
and that he had previously told Dr. Muller that Hahnemann 
wished him (Schweikert) to assume. 

Hahnemann now seemed to turn against Dr. Muller. Dr. 
Gustave Puhlraan, in his history of Homoeopathy in German3% 

"The Central Society from which Samuel Hahnemann had 
withdrawn some years before was reorganized on a broad and 
democratic basis, and it wag decided to admit into membership 
any physician who showed some interest in the cause, even if he 
did not practice Homoeopathy exclusively. 

"Hahnemann expressed his disapproval of this movement to 
some friends, and when the society elected Moritz Miiller as direc- 
tor instead of Schweikert, the progressive tendencies of the 
former having excited his displeasure, he feared that his method 
would not be strictly carried out according to his intentions." 

Dr Fischer, of Weingarten, says:t The tendency of the Central 
Society to think for themselves, which was prominently displayed 
at the meeting in 1832, excited the displeasure of Hahnemann, 
who, moreover, fancied he saw a dangerous rival in Moritz Muller, 
the director chosen for the next year. 

*"Trans. World's Horn. Convention." 1876, Vol. ii., p. 23. 
\Brit.Jour Horn. Vol. xxx, p. 465. 



MULLER'S account of the hospital — LETTER TO THE HALF- 

Dr. MuUer says:| "Closely connected with the hospital pro- 
ject was the eventual organization, so long contemplated by 
myself and others, of the General Homoeopathic Societ5^ I be- 
lieve this was also embraced in the proposition by Schweikert, 
who was then one of the directors ofthe "Central." Schweikert 
and the local society at Leipsic appointed me to elaborate the 
necessary plans. I discharged this duty, and after presenting 
several plans and making the changes which it seemed best to 
make, there was had the sanction of the local society- and the res- 
olution to submit the matter to the Central. 

"Two or three days before the meeting of the Central Society 
the resident members of the Leipsic Society, acting upon the 
suggesting of Franz, concluded to vote for Schweikert as director 
for the ensuing year, thus to facilitate the carrying out of the 
hospital project. A General Convention took place on August 
loth. It sanctioned the Constitution and By-Laws (in which, at 
the suggestion of the General Convention, several changes were 
still made, so that it did not pass into the hands of the printer 
until November loth) and the founding of an hospital at Leipsic. 
In accordance with the by-laws, the board of directors (for the 
ensuing year) of the General Convention were authorized to su- 
perintend the starting of the hospital and to select among the 
leading physicians one or more as its medical staff. The nomi- 
nation to this position was left to the resident directors of the 
society upon the special motion of the Convention itself or of the 
board of directors. 

"The constitution itself was democratic, aiming to peace- 
fully unite both factions. Every friend of Homoeopathy became 
a member by giving proof in some way of his interest in its 
welfare. Every physician who was a member had a right to 
vote on medical questions. Of exclusive Homoeopathic practice, 
as little was said as heretofore. It had never occurred to the 

t"Zur Geschichte der Homoopathie." Leipzig, Reclam, 1837. Med. 
Counsellor, VoL xi., p. 497. 


writer of the Constitution and By-Laws that Hahnemann ex- 
pected to embrace in this Society only those physicians who 
were exclusively Homoeopathic. Had not Hahnemann, three 
years previously, at the organization of the General Homoeopathic 
Convention, refused his co-operation in any shape? And had 
not all who later called themselves his 'pure' disciples sanc- 
tioned the draft without raising an objection, and voted to make 
it a law? 

"The law-making power was vested wholly in the General 
Convention. At the election of directors held at the General 
Convention the desire of the members of the Leipsic Society to 
secure Schweikert's election to the presidency miscarried. The 
majority of votes called me to the presidency, while I am sure 
that the members of the Leipsic Society had voted for Schweikert. 
Had this result been anticipated, and had I been requested to 
decline this election in case it should fall upon me, I should 
have done so, just as I cheerfully pledged myself to vote for 
Schweikert. My acceptance implied no breach of faith, and it 
did not at that time appear to me an obstacle in the way of 
starting an hospital if the physician selected for the hospital 
superintendency was not also the president of the Society. 

"The other members of the Board of Directors were Schwei- 
kert, Stapf, Gross, Rummel, Muhlenbein, Hartlandson, Raehl, 
Wolf, Trinks, and of the Leipsic physicians, Hartmann, Haubold, 
Franz and Schubert. 

"As president of the Society, I secured within four weeks the 
permission of the Government of Saxony to erect a Homoeo- 
pathic hospital out of private funds, certain promises from the 
city government, and soon after, and with the efficient help of 
Haubold, an appropriative building and the necessary furniture. 

"On October 27, seventy-eight days after the tenth of August, 
in order to insure the opening of the hospital with the new 3'ear, 
I was able to call together the resident directors in order to for- 
mally nominate the candidates for the hospital positions, and 
then to have the full board select from them a superintendent. 
I proposed Schweikert as the man for the position, and the 
others present, Hartmann, Haubold and Franz, coincided with 
me. I appointed the opening of the ballots and the result of 
the election for November loth. After we had risen to adjourn, 
it occurred to Haubold, at that time Schweikert's most intimate 
friend, to propose me as a candidate, the others concurring. 


'"Since it was a well-known fact that the Leipsic physicians 
for three months had been a unit in advocating the election of 
Schweikert; since the other members of the board had for two 
months known and concurred in this fact, since we were only- 
going through a certain legal formality, the proposition seemed 
to me a ni^re courtesy, and at the same time a matter of satis- 
faction to Hahnemann who had asked me to become a candidate, 
and from whom I had exacted the promise that he would not 
nominate me for the medical superintendency of the hospital. 

"And since Schweikert had particularly expressed a wish for 
my aid in teaching, securing my pledge to that effect, I had no. 
hesitancy to allow this last proposition to be spread upon the 
minutes, with the qualifications on my part that I would not ac- 
cept the position and consider the matter a mere formality. I 
did all this, not knowing what had just taken place at Coethen, 
and wholly unconscious that I was suspected of an itching for 
the hospital superintendency. 

" Under each copy of the proceedings which was sent to dis- 
tant members, Stapf, Gross, Wolf, Trinks, Rummel, Muhlen- 
bein, Hartland and Roehl, to elect the superintendent, I wrote 
with my own hand that I would not accept the position and that 
Schweikert was the only man for it. Since it was not to be as- 
sumed that Schweikert would vote for himself, and since I did 
not know that he considered me his rival, this postscript, so far 
as I know, was not added to the copy sent to Schweikert. 

"Two days before this Haubold had privately communicated 
to me Schweikert' s secret wish that the president of the Society 
might allow him as hospital superintendent the yearly salary of 
two hundred thalers. In the first flush of enthusiasm Schwei- 
kert had offered to assume the management of the hospital with- 
out any remuneration; with equal enthusiasm, the General Con- 
vention had voted on August loth that the hospital physicians 
should act without salary. (No one knew the expenses of the 
Institution, and it was thought that the funds on hand would 
not be sufficient for a year.) 

"I here showed my lack of knowledge of the world and of 
men, as well as of executive ability, by refusing this request on 
the plea that I had no authority to grant it. I had then as yet 
failed to realize that Schweikert had lost his desire to act with- 
out salary, and that the resolution to employ unsalaried ofiicials 
would sooner or later be reconsidered as wholly impracticable. 


"The majority of distant members of the board had already 
sent me their vote, and I could already calculate that Schwei- 
kert's election would be unanimous, when there appeared un- 
expectedly, on the morning of November 3d, in the Leipziger 
Tageblatt (daily journal}, a letter from Hahnemann, dated Oc- 
tober 23d, in which those Homoeopathic physicians of Leipsic, 
who did not exclusively practice Homoeopathy (Muller, Hart- 
mann, Haubold), without being mentioned by name, were de- 
nounced as silly confounders of Homoeopathy and Allopathy, as 
immoral scum of humanity, who aimed to become teachers in 
the new hospital and thus to imperil the new doctrine." 

The following is the letter of which Dr Muller speaks, and 
which without warning was published in the Tageblatt for No- 
vember 3d, 1832, falling like a bomb upon the minds of the fol- 
lowers of the stern, old man : 


" I have heard for a long time and with displeasure that some 
in Leipsic who pretend to be Homoeopathists allow their patients 
to choose whether they shall be treated Homoeopathically or 
Allopathically; whether it is that they are not as yet thoroughly 
grounded in the true spirit of the new doctrine, or that they lack 
due benevolence to their species, or that, contrary to their better 
convictions, they scruple not to dishonor their profession for the 
sake of sordid gain, let them not require that I should recognize 
them as my true disciples. 

"It is remarkable, and a striking indication of the power of 
improvement of the new system, that in no place where this 
system has even moderately flourished are there such Homoeo- 
pathic-Allopathic mongrels to be found, it grieves me to say it, 
as in Leipsic, which has hitherto been so dear to me. 

"Blood letting, the application of leeches and Spanish flies, the 
use of fontanels and setons, mustard plasters and medicated bags, 
frictions with salves and aromatic spirits, emetics, purgatives, 
various sorts of warm baths, destructive doses of Calomel and 
Quinine, Opium and Musk, these, and other quackeries, in con- 
nection with the use of Homoeopathic remedies, are sufficient to 
identify these crypto- Homoeopathists seeking to gain public favor 
as a lion is known by his claws; let such be avoided, for they regard 
neither the welfare of the patient nor the honor of the profession, 
the name of which they 2isurp for the purpose of gain. 


"They rear their heads in the cradle of Homoeopathic doctrine, 
as they delight to call Leipsic ; in the cradle of the Homoeopathic 
doctrine, where its founder was first recognized as a teacher! de- 
part from me, ye vile medical changelings! 

"Either be honorable, as Allopathists of the old fraternity, 
ignorant as yet of anything better, or as pure Homoeopathists, 
for the welfare of our suffering brotherhood of mankind. But so 
long as ye wear your double viasks, so long shall ye be the most con- 
temptible hybrids of all who style them,selves physicia?is, and the 
most pernicious. 

"Once more, and for the last time, I exhort you to quit this 
disingenuous course and set a better example, and one worthy of 
imitation to those abroad. 

' 'But he who from this day forward hesitates to follow this faith- 
ful advice, to prove himself in word and deed a Homoeopathist, 
let him never come again to Coethen while I behold the light of 
day, for he may look for no friendly reception. 

"But if ye will continue in this deceitful and dishonorable 
course, do ye alone bear the disgrace. 

"Now when an Institution is about to be founded for the fair 
and practical demonstration of the unsurpassable efficacy of the 
simple, true, pure Homoeopathic practice upon the sick, before 
the eyes of the whole world, now the matter becomes infinitely 
more serious. Hence I consider it my duty to raise my voice 
aloud, lest these scandalous abuses should impart in this 
prospective college and hospital a disreputable character to the 

"Hence I most solemnly protest against the employment of such 
a reprobate bastard Homoeopathist, whether as a teacher or a 
medical attendant. 

"Let no one of this description enter upon the sacred offices of 
our divine art in this hospital ; no one of this description. 

,, Should any false doctrines be taught under the honorable 
name of Homoeopathy, or should the patients be treated other- 
wise than purely Homoeopathically with any imitation of Allo- 
pathic practices, I solemnly declare to you that I will raise my 
voice to its utmost, and will, by means of the public press, warn 
a world already weary of deceit against such treachery and 
shameful degeneracy which deserves to be branded and 


"To-day my paternal voice sounds through this journal within 
the precincts of Leipsic, hoping for your improvement.* 

"Samuel Hahnemann." 
'' CoetheUy Oct. 2j, 18^2.'' 

Of course this very severe letter was the cause of much ill feel- 
ing in the Homoeopathic ranks. 

Hahnemann next withdrew the use of his name from the- 
diploma issued to members by the Central Homceopathic Society. 
It should be remembered that Hahnemann, at the meeting of 
1829, had been designated as its perpetual president, his signa- 
ture being lithographed with the other permanent parts of the 



On the 4th of November, 1832, Hahnemann wrote to one Dr, 

N as follows : "After fresh and numerous proofs of how many 

persons have announced themselves a.s Homoeopaths, who in 
reality are mere sciolists, and intermix Allopathic nonsense of 
every kind with their practice, thus grossly calumniating that 
noble art; after mature consideration I resolved no longer to lend 
the sanction of my name, though merely lithographed, for the 
purpose of legitimatizing any Homoeopathic pretender, with 
whose scientific attainments and qualifications for Homoeopathic 
practice I am not perfectly acquainted. I therefore, with all form 
and solemnity, withdrew my name." 

The society responded in the 7«^t'(^/a// of Nov. 13, 1S32, thus: 
" He, Hahnemann, could withdraw his name if he were prepared 
to pay the expenses of paper, printing, &c., of the diplomas on 

Th6 I,eipsic Homoeopathic Union replied to this "Letter to the 

*Mu)ler's " Geschichte der Homoopathie," p. 27. Med. Counsellor, Vol. 
xi., p. 530. Shipntaii's N. IV. Jour. Horn., Vol. iv., p. 281 Kleiuert's 
'* Geschichte der Homoopathie." 

t Fischer's translation of " Biographisches Denkmal,'' p. 58. 


Half-Homoeopathists " in the same journal for November 8th as 
follows : " The Leipsic lyocal Union of Homoeopathic Physicians 
declares, in reference to an article contained in the Leipsic Daily 
/o?irna/ of 'November 3d. that it recognizes no absolute authority 
in science. However much all the members of the lyocal Union 
prize Homoeopathy, yet this must ever remain without dispute, 
that every scientific physician must in the practice of the healing 
art be guided entirely by his own convictions. 

" Science, as the offspring of untrammelled reason, can never 
be established by anathemas ! 

" Leipsic, November 5tb, 1832, Der Leipz., Local Verein 
Homoop. Aerzte." 

Muller continues in a note: "The individual signatures 
were not printed; they were Franz, Hornburg, Haubold, Hart- 
mann, Lux, Guttmann, Drescher, Apelt, Langhammer, Wahle, 
and myself. If, as I am not now sure, Hartlaub, Jr., failed to 
sign, it escaped attention. Schubert had never taken part in our 
Local Society, the majority of whom, although without proof, sus- 
pected him of having influenced Hahnemann's course. He 
maintained in the daily papers a war of words against the society, 
and withdrew from the Board of Directors prior to November 10." 

There can be no doubt from the statements published then and 
later by the actors in this matter that Hahnemann really did in- 
jure the welfare of the hospital before it was opened. That 
his object was to preserve at all hazards the tenets of the Homoeo- 
pathic law as he himself interpreted it seems certain. The very fact 
of his persecutions throughout the long years of his life no doubt 
rendered him more bitter at this time. This spirit ol intolerance 
grew upon him as he grew older. It was but the natural result 
of the opposition he had encountered. 

A writer in the British Journal of Homoeopathy says:* "That 
Hahnemann became in latter years bitter, sarcastic, intolerant, 
and dogmatic is true, but that at first he was just the opposite 
of all this, modest, conciliating, diffident, is equally true. The 
treatment of his colleagues brought all this about. 

"We shall then (remembering the years of persecution) cease 
to marvel at Hahnemann's bitterness, and shall then understand 
how it was that he insisted on his disciples renouncing all con- 
nections with that school of traditional medicine, whose profess- 

*Brit. lour. Hotn, Vol. xvii., p. 116. 


ors had treated him as a pariah and trampled him under their 

Besides, here for the first time an Institution was to be opened 
for a public demonstration of the truths of Homceopathy, and it is 
natural that Hahnemann, with the eyes of all Europe looking 
to see the result, should wish that nothing but the most perfect 
adaptation of his own careful methods should be allowed within 
its walls. 

Albrecht says of this characteristic: "His intolerance for 
those who differed from him latterly attained to such a height 
that he used to say, ' He who does not walk on exactly the same 
line with me, who diverges, if it be but the breadth of a straw, 
to the right or to the left, is an apostate and a traitor, and with 
him I will have nothing to do.' " 

" Dr. Gross, who was one of his most industrious disciples and 
enjoying his most perfect intimacy, having lost a child, wrote in 
the sorrow of a bereaved parent to Hahnemann, and said that his 
loss had taught him that Homceopathy did not suffice in every 
case ; this gave great offense to Hahnemann who never forgave 
Gross for this remark and never restored him to his favor." * 

In a letter to Stapf, written in 1829, he speaks in very severe 
terms of Trinks and Hartlaub, saying if "Their conduct, I 
plainly perceive, since it affects me also, is egotistical, arrogant, 
offensive, ungrateful, deceitful, and is calculated to vex us." 

Dudgeon says he can find no reason for this bitterness on the 
part of Hahnemann. 

In a letter written in 1833 to Dr. Constantine Hering, Hahne- 
mann throws some light upon his side of the hospital question. J 

"To Dr. Hering, President of the Hahnemannian Society of 

''Dear Good Hering: 

"Good luck to you, in the land of liberty where you can do 
all that is good without let or hindrance! There you are in your 
element! I have no design to stimulate you on behalf of our 
beneficent art; that would be pouring oil on the fire. You 
should rather be restrained so that you may not injure yourself, 

*Duclgeon's Biography of Hahnemann. 
\Honi. World, Vol. xxiv., p. 502. 

\Hovi. World, Vol. xxv., p. 505. Annals Brit. Horn. Society, 1S64. Vol. 
iii., p. 162. 



and yon should take great care of your health, which is precious 
to all true friends of Homoeopathy. When you see Kopp's book 
and the Allgemeine Jioinoopathische Zeitung it will pain you to 
read with what insolent dogmatism they have begun to vaunt a 
mixture of Allopathic bed practice with a superficial sort of 
Homoeopathy as something vastly superior to pure Homoeopathy, 
and to denounce this as imperfect and insufficient for curing 

"In Leipsic, Moritz MuUer was the head of this sect, and almost 
all the members of the Homoeopathic Society there (which strove 
to constitute itself the Central Society over all German societies) 
took part in this deviation. 

"On two successive years I warned them privately in a fatherly 
but energetic manner, but they would still carry on their disorderly 
practices; and they would have conducted their proposed Hom- 
oeopathic hospital in this abominable manner had I not de- 
nounced them in the Leipziger Tageblatt oi the 3d of November. 
Then they cried out that I wished to interfere with their honest 
work, and that I was wrong to fear that they would practice 
otherwise than purely Homoeopathically in the hospital, that it 
was self-evident that they would only act quite faithfully there. 

"But you need only read M. Muller's declaration in Archiv 
xiii, part i, p. 104 (which Stapf ought not to have allowed to 
appear without a note refuting his statements), and also what 
appeared in the Jahrbiicher der Honioopathisdien Heil-und Lehr- 
■anstalt, 1833, pp. 19 and 25, in order to perceive distinctly that 
it was confessedly M.Muller'splan to practice Allopathic ally there 
which would certainly have been a public scandal and would 
have thrown suspicion and been an outrage on our art had I not 
launched my thunderbolt at them on the 3d of November. 

"Then came forward in their defense a certain Dr. Kretschmar, 
whom I soon settled. He was followed by M. Muller and Rummel, 
who impudently and publicly contended that, according to their 
experience, venesection, leeches, &c., were absolutely necessary 
in order to effect cures. I might have answered (but I did not) that 
their want of Homoeopathic knowledge could not be the measure 
whereby the power of pure Homoeopathy could be judged; seeing 
that they left uncured, or sent to their graves, many whom true 
Homoeopathy could have cured. 

"The whole of the Teipsic Society sided with Muller and 


threatened me with open enmity. But I suffered them to parade 
their false doctrines, which they call eclecticism, in the Allgem. 
horn, Zeittmg, whereby they create a public scandal and incur 
the contempt of my true disciples. That was enough for me. How- 
ever, in the fifth edition of the ' Organon ' I have characterized 
their conduct as it deserved. But this scandal has caused me 
a great deal of vexation. On the loth of August I had with me 
here upwards of twenty of my best disciples from all parts (our 
Boenninghausen was among the number), and all agreed that 
the true Homoeopathist, besides administering a single Homoeo- 
pathic medicine carefully selected for the accurately ascertained 
morbid state, should eschew all palliatives and all that might 
weaken the patient, all stimulation by so called tonics, and all 
external painful applications. May God strengthen them in their 
beneficent labors. 

" I beg for your continued friendship and love. 
" Yours truly, 

"Sam. Hahnemann." 
^^Coethen, Sept. ij, i8jj.'^ 

Vol. I of the Allg. horn. Zeitung contains this controversy. 
Kretschmar wrote an article in answer to Hahnemann's " Half- 
Homoeopathist" epistle. Rummel, Muller and Trinks also took 
his side. Hahnemann wrote another letter and insisted that it 
be published without a word of change in the Zeitung. It ap- 
peared in Vol. ii., No. i. 

He said : * "The pure science of Homoeopath}^ is entirely 
lost, if essays of the character of Dr. Kretschmar's, in number 
22 of the Allg. hovi. Zeitung, are admitted. The pernicious 
error of treating Homoeopathic patients by Allopathic means 
are there clearly taught. No true Homoeopath can peruse a 
paper contaminated by such flagrant errors. I consider it 
ominous that Kretschmar's essay has been admitted into the 
Journal by the editors. It is an indication that those gentlemen 
secretly countenance the errors it contains." 

Dr. Kretschmar favored a union of the Allopathic and Homoeo- 
pathic Schools which Hahnemann, of course, opposed. 

In a letter to Stapf, dated May 19, 1832, Hahnemann gives a 
rather emphatic opinion of the conduct of the Zeitung, as fol- 

* Fischer, Trans. " Biographisches Deukuia!," p. 59. 


lows : * " What you tell me about the Allgenieine honioopathische 
Zeitung surprises me, as no one has written to me one word 
upon the subject. So Hartmann is to be one of the editors! Is 
Saul also among the prophets? 

"How can we trust such a weak-kneed fellow who would 
like to Allopathize us, and would teach the laity to treat mere 
names of diseases. Our art requires much too minute accuracy 
in its practice for such as him; he would greatly prefer to cure 
(or rather kill) all his patients with mercury ; he behaves like 
a sham Homoeopathic quack, and engrafts on our art the infamy 
of populaiization — this fellow, who is more hurtful to us than 
all our enemies, is to be one of the editors — the mouthing brag- 
gart ! What do I live to see? Let every honorable man with- 
draw from association with this presumptuous babbler. 

" If you continue to be a strict editor of the Archiv, and frojjt 
this time forth print nothing wrong in it, you will maintain your 
periodical in honor; Videatur my Hints and IVarnings, which 
I beg you to print exactly as written." 

Dudgeon, who translated this letter, says in a note: "Appar- 
ently boycotting is not altogether such a modern invention as 
we are accustomed to think it. Hahnemann's remonstrance 
was ineffectual, however, and Hartmann did better than was ex- 
pected, and lived and died highly respected by all his Homoeo- 
pathic colleagues. I can find no trace of these Hints and War?i- 
ings in the Archiv, they were probably too strong even for the 
faithful Stapf." 

Puhlman says : f "The protest of Hahnemann had fallen 
into fertile soil with many of his followers, and although they 
could not find any fault with the management of Muller, which 
was strictly according to the rules of Homoeopathy, they suspected 
Hartmann, who had written a Homoeopathic Therapeutics, and 
by means of which he had incurred Hahnemann's disapprobation. 
They desired that Hornburg, one of Hahnemann's oldest pupils, 
who had not yet graduated, should be appointed in place of 
Hartmann. This Muller refused to do. The result was that 
Hahnemann repeatedly declared in the Leipsic paper (the 
Zeitu7ig~) that he took no interest in the Institution under such 
impure management, and two parties were formed, one support- 
ing Muller, the other Hahnemann." 

* Horn. World, Vol. xxv., p. 504. 

t'.'Trans. World's Horn. Convention," Vol. ii., p. 24. 


The numbers of the Zeitung of that date are filled with the 
letters arising from this controversy. Muller afterwards wrote 
a pamphlet in which he gave a history of the whole matter. 



In the meantime, immediately after the meeting of the loth 
of August, 1832, the directors endeavored to find suitable 
premises for the hospital, but no rentable building adapted to 
the purpose could be obtained. Later on a house was found 
in one of the healthiest parts of the city, the so called Peter's 
Portion near the outermost Sandgate; No. i, Glockenstrasse.* 
The owner, who had just built it, had planned it for eleven 
small families. This house was purchased for 3525 thalers, 
which in the opinion of experts was cheap, since the seller obli- 
gated himself to make at his own expense, within six weeks 
(which he did), the alterations required to fit it for a hospital. 
In these alterations every two rooms were changed into one, 
and a larger kitchen and laundry made. Two thousand thalers 
were also allowed to remain on mortgage at four per cent, inter- 
est, the balance was to be paid on New Year's, 1833. 

This house had a free exposure on three sides; on the east it 
was built up to the next house, but on the south it formed the 
front of the street, on the west it was contiguous to a large gar- 
den and on the north was bordered by little gardens belonging 
to its grounds. The street was quite wide, and beyond the hos- 
pital, extending obliquely, was a large open space around which, 
near the outer gate, there had been recently laid out a multitude 
of cheerful gardens. The garden attached to the house con- 
tained some fruit trees, but for the most part was laid out in 
beautiful walks and parterres so that the convalescent patients 
enjoyed their exercise amidst beautiful surroundings. A wall 
covered with grapevines separated this garden from the public 
gardens. The house was of three stories, and had a capacity for 

* " Jahrbucher der Homoopathischeu Heil-und Lehranstalt in Leipzig." 
Erstes Heft. 1833. pp. 2, 197, 201. 


twenty-four beds, twelve for men and twelve for women. On the 
ground lioor there was a wide door in the middle with a room 
on either side, where the pharmacy, library and other offices 
were situated. 

This Institution was formally opened with appropriate cere- 
monies, on January 22, 1833. Dr. Moritz MuUer was installed 
as director, or chief, without any salary; Drs. Franz Hartmann 
and Haubold, assistants; Dr. E. Seidel was surgeon. 

The name under which it was known was: "Homoopathischen 
Heil-undLehranstalt zu Leipzig." During the first year it re- 
ceived only the poor gratuitousl}'-. Dr. Muller remained in 
charge the first half-year and delivered lectures upon Homoeopa- 
thy which were published in the Allgemeine Zeitiing. 

A very complete account of this opening maj^ be found in 
Stapf's y4r<:/zzz' in an article entitled: "Opening of the Clinicum 


Rapou says: "I assisted with ray father at the opening of this 
hospital in January, 1833. Drs. Muller, Hartmann and Haubold 
were the officers, the first, physician in chief, the two others 
assistants. A daily dispensary was annexed to the clinic, and 
all the Homceopaths of I,eipsic united in giving time and labor 
to this undertaking. This zeal promised very brilliant results, 
and all the brothers of our cause in Germany awaited the out- 
come of the experiment, "t 

Three months after the opening of the hospital a pamphlet of 
200 pages was published bearing the title: "Jahrbucher der 
Homoopathischen Heilund Lehranstalt zu Leipzig. Herausge- 
geben von den Inspectoren derselben. Leipzig. Schumann. 


The preface is signed by Drs. Muller, Hartmann, Haubold, 
Inspectors. It contains a history of the hospital from the meeting 
of 1829, an account of the opening, a report of the work and 
plans and descriptions of the building. A second part was issued 
on June 30 of the same year, the third part appeared September 
30th signed by Moritz Muller; these were issued in one volume. 

A year book of the hospital was also published in 1840 by Dr. 
Seidel, the physician then in charge. 

In the Allgemeine horn. Zeitung for 1833 may be found notices 

^Archivfur die horn. Heilkunst, Vol. xii., pt. 3, p. 167. J 

f'Histoire de la Doctrine Medicale Homeopathique. " Vol. ii., p. 144. 


of the coming meeting of the Central Union on August loth, 
called at Leipsic. 

Hahnemann had in the meantime sent out notices in Ma}- of 
the same year calling on physicians not to meet at lyeipsic, but 
at Coethen. 

On August loth meetings were held at both places. The fol- 
lowers of Hahnemann assembled at Coethen, while a few, having 
entreated Dr. MuUer to preside, met at Leipsic, according to 
the original intention and appointment. 

The members of the Leipsic meeting, regretting the differences 
of opinion and rupture, sent a deputation to Hahnemann at Coe- 
then in order to show respect to him, and to make peace if possi- 
ble. * He refused all overtures until they had consented to sub- 
scribe to certain maxims propounded by himself, and called by 
him the fundamental doctrines of Homoeopathy, f A truce was 
however declared. 

The more' liberal of the physicians retired from the direction 
of the Central Society and of the hospital, and Hahnemann now 
had matters entirely his own way. He assumed entire control 
of the hospital. 

In order to end the quarrel. Dr. Muller resigned on Novem- 
ber I, 1833, and Dr. Benjamin Schweikert, Sr., was installed as 
director, with a salary of 400 thalers. X 

On November 9, 1833, the following article appeared in 
Schweikert' s own journal : || 

"installation of dr. schweikert as director of the 

"Since Dr. Moritz Muller has resigned from the directorship 
of the Homoeopathic Hospital in Leipsic, to whom, as well as to 
Drs. Haubold and Hartmann, public thanks are hereby duly 
tendered for the troublesome erection and first management of 
so highly important an Institution, I, Samuel Hahnemann, so 
long as I remain the overseer and counsellor for the advance- 
ment of Homoeopathy in general, and of our purely Homoeo- 
pathic Public Hospital in particular, shall be delighted that Dr. 
Schweikert, distinguished both by his pen and his practice as a 

*Stapf's Archiv, Vol. xiii , part 3, p. 134. 
tMuUer's "Geschichte der Homoopathie." 
JStapf's Archiv, Vol. xiv., part i, p. 131. 
II Zeit. der horn. Heilkunst, Vol. vii., p. 297. 


true and renowned Homceopathist, has concluded at the sacrifice 
of man}' of his former benevolent enterprises, out of pure love 
for our healing, and out of zeal for the welfare of mankind, to 
settle in Leipsic and assume henceforth the management and 
direction of this Homoeopathic Institute and Hospital. 

"And to lend my approval thereof in a distinguished manner 
publicl}^ on that da)^ I have requested my friend and colleague, 
Dr. Gottfried I,ehmann, to go to Leipsic, so that he, as my repre- 
sentative, may convey my best wishes to Dr. Schweikert and 
may install him solemnl}'' in this Institute, in order that he may 
appear as the director of said Institute, and as the physician 
and teacher of the Homoeopathic healing art for the welfare of 
mankind. And may God grant him good health ! 

"At the same time I call upon all friends and admirers of 
Homoeopathy far and near, especially those who are already in- 
debted to this healing art for their deliverance from disease and ' 
restoration to health, as well as all those genuine Homoeopathic 
physicians hereby solicited, to send in a yearly contribution for 
the support of this thus promising hospital to the treasurer of 
the same TDr. E. G. Franz, in Leipsic), since the State does 
not assume its support, so that this Institute representing to 
the eyes and ears of the whole world the superior merits of 
Homoeopathy, already supported by the contributions of benevo- 
lent citizens, may steadily rise, grow and flourish. I myself, so 
near the end of my career, can at the present time lay upon the 
altar of humanity a contribution of only twenty louis d'or for 
the Institute. 

Samuki. Hahnemann." 

''Coethe7i, October 31, i8jj.'' 

This letter from the master is followed in the Journal hy the 
following comments : ' ' This wish of the noble founder of Homoe- 
opathy was solemnly performed by the deputed Dr. Lehmann. 
On the first of November, 1833, at 10 o'clock a. m., in the 
presence of Homoeopathic physicians and a few other friends of 
Homoeopathy, this person installed Dr. Schweikert as the new 
director of the Homoeopathic Hospital, publicly read the above 
mentioned letter of Dr. Hahnemann in the conference room of 
the same, and Dr. Schweikert feelingly and gladlj^ extended his 
hand as a promise to care for the welfare of the hospital with all 
his ability according to the true meaning of the great Hahne- 


"Therefore there v^vas held the first clinical talk by the new 
director as well as the treatment of patients in the general clinic. 
With the best wishes for the future prosperity of this important 
Institution and with the most hopeful expectations, to which on 
the one hand the lively interest which Dr. Hahnemann him- 
self now takes in the welfare of the Institute, and on the other 
the good will and sacrifices of Dr. Schweikert entitle it, the 
assemblage dispersed." 

But the fact that a salary was attached to the directorship 
caused further trouble. One Dr. Fickel, incited by this salary and 
wishing to obtain the position of director at the hospital, pub- 
lished a small book containing fictitious symptoms of certain 
medicines and cures made with them according to the Homoe- 
opathic method. He succeeded in ingratiating himself with the 
hospital authorities and was appointed director. Dr. Noack 
"soon after exposed the worthlessness and fraud of these pretended 
physiological provings, and he was removed from his position. 
He now, in revenge, wrote a book entitled: "Direct Proof of 
the Nullity of Homoeopathy." 

Dudgeon says: "This respectable individual is great author- 
ity with the Allopathic writers Homoeopathy in this 
country (England). His career is too well known in Germany 
to allow him to be used there with equal effect."* The last 
information Dudgeon had of this pseudo- Homoeopath, was that 
he was imprisoned for swindling. 

Dr. William Henderson says of this Dr. Fickel: "He was 
convicted of gross deceit during his professed attachment to 
Homoeopathy, and to revenge himself on his Homoeopathic 
castigators, he published a book, ' Die Nichtigkeit der Homoo- 
pathie.' He was not long afterwards in jail for swindling." 

Fickel had, however, been for some time engaged in fabricat- 
ing pathogeneses of drugs, and had, under various pseudonyms, 
published several books. f 

When the hospital was started a subsidy from the Govern- 
ment had been asked; this however, had never been granted, 
and the Institution was entirely maintained by private contri- 

* Dudgeon's Life of Hahnemann. Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxx., p. 467. 

t See Rapou's " Histoire de la Doctrine Medicale Homceopathique." 
Vol. ii., p. 150. It is the intention of the compiler of this book to publish 
in the future in connection with a History of the First Provers, a more 
complete account of this rascal. 


butions. The particular transactions to which it had been ex- 
posed made the citizens of Leipsic chary of giving it support. 



It must be remembered that the Hahnemann who was at that 
time leading such a busy and honored life was nearly seventy- 
eight years of age, when most men are in their slippered dotage. 
But his mind was as strong as in the days of his storm-swept 
past, and with the exception of occasional attacks of bronchial 
catarrh, he seems to have enjoyed splendid health. For some 
years he had been a suflerer from this catarrh, which seems to 
have been asthmatic, and which was eventually the cause of his 

About this time he had an attack, of which he thus writes in a 
letter to Boenninghausen, dated April 28, 1833:* "I kept myself 

very calm, yet the annoyance I received from X may have 

contributed to bring upon me the suffocative catarrh that for 
seven days before and fourteen days after the loth of April 
(birthday) threatened to choke me with instantaneous attacks of 
intolerable itching in the glottis that would have caused spas- 
modic cough had it not deprived me of breath altogether; irrita- 
tion of the fauces with the finger, so as to cause sickness, was 
the only thing that restored the breathing, and that but slowly; 
there were, besides other severe symptoms, very great shortness 
of breath, without constriction of the chest, total loss of appetite 
for food and drink, disgust at tobacco, bruised feeling and weari- 
ness of all the limbs, constant drowsiness, inability to do the 
least work, presentiment of death, etc. The whole neighbor- 
hood proved their great affection for me by sending so frequently 
to enquire how I was that I felt quite ashamed. It is only 
within these four days that I have felt myself out of danger; I 
obtained relief by two olfactions of Coffea cr. x, first, and then of 
Calcarea; Ambra too was of use. And so the great Protector of all 

* Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. vii., p. 498. "Lesser Writings of Hahnemann," 
New York, 1852, p. 776. 


that is true and good will grant me as much more life upon this 
earth as seemeth good to His wisdom." 

Every anniversary after 1829 was distinguished by some mark 
of appreciation on the part of the disciples and friends of Hahne- 
mann. On August 10, 1833, he received a cup with this in- 
scription: "To Dr. Samuel Hahnemann at Coethen, a gift of 
friendship from his devoted admirer, Dr. Friedrich Gauwerky, 
of Soest in Westphalia, August 10, 1833." It also had the fol- 
lowing Greek inscription : '^Askleipioi Archegetei.''^ 

There was a very important celebration of this day at Coethen 
by the Society of Homoeopathic Physicians. Albrecht, the 
author of " Biographisches Denkmal," says: "Strangers from 
far and near had assembled for that purpose at the hotel at 
Coethen, and Hahnemann received in due form a deputation 
which had been appointed to fetch him in a carriage. He en- 
joyed a hearty welcome. The chairman, Dr. Schweikert, director 
of the Homoeopathic Hospital at Leipsic, commenced the discus- 
sion. The great physician greeted the assembled company in 
the most cordial and inviting manner, and solicited all present to 
contribute information respecting the progress of Homoeopathy. 
The reports read on this occasion formed the subject of an in- 
tensely interesting and learned discussion. 

"In the banquet room, which was adorned with the bust of 
Hahnemann, the company joined several friends of the new sys- 
tem from Coethen at a cheerful dinner. After the toast, pro- 
posed by the chairman, to his highness, the Duke of Coethen, 
and responded to enthusiastically, three songs, adapted to the 
occasion, were sung and received with great applause, reminding 
the guests of their happy academical career. 

"On the iith of August the scientific discussions were 
resumed. The great master delivered several admirable 
speeches, glowing and eloquent, and astonished all who heard 
him. The strangers who still remained, and several friends 
from Coethen, were invited on that day by Hahnemann to a 
splendid banquet. During these two days there prevailed the 
profoundest feeling of sincere love and regard for the great dis- 
coverer, and the deepest conviction was manifested by all, of the 
high character of the new system." 

It was during a speech made at this meeting that Hahne- 
mann publicly "expressed his gratitude to the Dukes Ferdinand. 


and Henry for the kind reception, protection and shelter they 
had afforded to him, the exile, and to his new doctrine. He 
expressed his particular thanks to the latter for inviting Dr. 
lychmann, his first pupil, to settle at Coethen."* 

Despite the occasional illness of the venerable master, he still 
continued his interest in life. He was devoted to the welfare of 
the hospital, he continued to practice, to write to his many 
friends and disciples, and to interest himself in his scholarly 

The following letter written to Mr. Straube, shows us that the 
old man loved his faithful daughters. 

This letter is written to Mr. Straube the father. The son, 
Adolph, had a short time before modelled Hahnemann's bust in 
wax. An advertisement appeared in the AUgerneine horn. 
Zeihing, Vol. ii., p. 40, in which these medallions were offered 
for sale. 
''Dear Mr. Straube : 

" For your complaints of which you notified me January 21 I 
herewith enclose you six small powders, of which you take one 
every week, in the morning, before breakfast, and with No. i, 
3, 5 you smell once with both nostrils into enclosed quill, with- 
out losing the small ball out of it. 

"I have an old letter of your dear son in m.y possession; 
extraordinary work prevented me as yet from answering it, 
especially as his health condition didn't appear urgent, but these 
several months his health condition might have altered, so that 
my directions suited to those older ones might not be proper 
now. Therefore I beg of you with my best greeting to induce 
him to write how he is now feeling, after which I will send him 
whatever may be serviceable. Could he send me eight more 
pieces of iron casts of my bas reliefs (my likeness) the size next 
to the smallest, about this size.f 

"I would like to please my daughter with them. Do not 
forget your daily necessary walks, and remember in love, 
" Your obedient, 

' ' S. Hahnemann. ' ' 
" Coethen, 2 Feb., 1833 y 

During this same eventful year of 1833 Hahnemann was 

* Fischer's trans. " Biographisches Denkmal," p. 125. 

t Represented in the letter by a circle the size of a twenty-five cent piece. 


honored by a diploma from an Allopathic society in far-off North 

On November, 1832, on the recommendation of Dr. John F. 
Gray, a prominent physician of New York city, and a member 
of the Society, the " Medical Society of the City and County of 
New York ' ' named Hahnemann an honorary member of their 
body, and presented him with a Latin diploma.* The minutes 
of the society show that at a regular meeting held on September 
10, 1832, "S. Hahnemann was nominated by Dr. Gray as an 
honorary member." At a meeting held November 12, 1832, 
"Dr. James W. Anderson, of the Island of Cuba, and Samuel F. 
Hahnemann, M. D., were elected honorary members." 

Dr. Gray, in a letter dated April 6, 1833, notified Hahnemann 
of the honor, and with it sent the diploma, of which the follow- 
ing is a copy: 

" SociETAS Medica CiviTATis Novi Eboraci Atque Comi- 
TATus, Omnibus Has Literas Perlecturis, Salutem. 

"Virum Probum et Ornatissimum Samuelem C. F. Hahne- 
mann, Auctorem Homoeopathiae, quem fama promit scientiarum 
medicinse et chirurgise cultorem, liberalium honoribus artium 
provectum, placuit nobis Prsesidi caeterisqueSociishujusceComi- 
tatus Concil. Med. Facultatis, Socium constituere Honorarium; 
atque auctoritatem ei donare privilegia et immunitates ad nostras 
Medicae Facultatissquse pertinent, ubique terrarum dextra et 
honore amplectendum. 

In quorum fidem hae literae pro Emerito Socio 
Doctore Hahnemann manibus sigiloque Archi- 
atrum munitae lubentissimemandantur. Medicis 
Aedibus Novi Eboraci, Ao. 1833. 

"Daniel L. Peixotte, M. D., 

"Francis N. Walsh, M. D., Scriba. 
Samuel Akerly, Faadtatis Scribal 
(Iv. S.) 

To this honor Hahnemann replied to Dr. Gray as follows: 

*" Minutes of Medical Societj' of County of New York, from 1808 to 
1878." Dr. Purdy, editor. New York. 1879. Also, Horn. Leader, New 
York, July, 1S83. 


''Dear Colleague : 

" You have aflForded me great pleasure by this honorable token 
in recognition of my endeavor to introduce into the world a mild 
and true way of healing the sick instead of the hitherto pernicious 
method of cure; and I feel especially honored by the fellowship 
of those men of North America who are a pattern to our Europe. 
These North Americans, actuated by a pure zeal for human wel- 
fare, renounce the old-time and prevailing method of cure, which 
needs but little consideration; and on the other hand, like 
genuine friends of humanity, they prefer the new and as yet 
bitterly persecuted Homoeopathic treatment, which requires far 
more care and thought if rightly practiced. May our all-benevo- 
lent heavenly Father, who sent us this healing art, bless your 
honorable body. I subscribe myself with love, 

" Yours most devotedly, 

"Samuel Hahnemann." 

''Coethen, lythjuly, 1833''' 

The society that thus honored him was composed of the lead- 
ing Allopathic physicians of New York City. 

In Schweikert's Zeihc?ig for September 28, 1833, Dr. lych- 
mann states these circumstances in a letter. Following this is 
Dr. Gray's letter to Hahnemann, Hahnemann's answer and a 
copy of the diploma, all printed both in German and in English.* 

That this action on the part of the Society in electing Hahne- 
mann a member was not taken in haste is well proven by the 
fact that between the meeting of Hahnemann's nomination and 
that of his election two stated meetings, a regular and special, 
were held. Hahnemann continued a member until 1843, when 
his honorary diploma of membership was withdrawn, one week 
after his death ! In the minutes of the meeting of July 10, 1843, 
it is recorded that: "On motion of Dr. Jas. R. Manley it was 
then Resolved, That the resolution of the Society of November 
12, 1832, conferring honorary membership of the Society on 
Samuel F. Hahnemann, of Germany, be, and the same is hereby 
rescinded; carried, ayes 28, nays 2." The opposing two were 
Drs. B. F. Joslin, Sr., and B. F. Bowers, neither of whom were 
at that time Homoeopaths, but only fair-minded men and phy- 
sicians. As is known, Hahnemann died in Paris on July 2, 

'^Zeitung fur horn. Heilkunst, Vol. vii., p. 201. Also in Everest's 
*• Popular View of Homoeopathy," New York, 1842, p. 135. 


1843, about one week before this action, although, of course, 
the society could not have known of his death at the time. 

The year 1833 is notable for the founding of the first Homoeo- 
pathic Society in the United States. In the same number of 
Schweikert's Zeitu7ig is a letter dated Philadelphia, May 13, 
1833, addressed to Dr. Hahnemann, announcing the formation 
of the society "for the purpose of giving extension to Homoeo- 
pathic medicine," the forwarding a copy of the constitution 
and the proceedings, and asking if he would accept a diploma 
from the society and grant them permission to place his name at 
the head of their list of members. This letter was signed by 
Constantine Hering, president, and William Geisse, treasurer. 
Dr. Chas. F. Matlack, the secretary, added a postscript, wish- 
ing the Master years of health and happiness. In the next 
number of the Zeitung the constitution of the Society' appeared, 
both in German and English. 



The year 1834 opened favorably for Homoeopathy throughout 
the world. Quite a coterie of faithful men in America were fol- 
lowing the path of Hahnemann. The new system had gained a 
foothold in New York, in Philadelphia and in the surround- 
ing country. A Homoeopathic journal had been started in 
Philadelphia. Russia had granted to Dr. Herrmann the right 
to practice in every part of the kingdom. In Naples trials were 
being made in the militar}^ hospital with good results. 

In Karlsruhe a Homoeopathic journal called the Hygea was 
established, of which Greisselich became the principal editor. 
The Allgemeine Zeitung was in a flourishing condition. The 
Archiv was still published by Stapf. 


Several Homoeopathic societies had been formed in different 
countries. Homoeopathic books were being published. The 
previous year Mr. Charles H. Devrient had rendered the 
" Organon " from the fourth German edition into English ; this 
was edited by Dr. Samuel Stratten, who did not practice Hom- 
oeopathy and only understood it theoretically, and was published 
at Dublin, Ireland. 

As early as 1830 the "Organon" was rendered into Hun- 
garian, and before this date Bernardo Guaranta had given it to 
the Italians. 

It is estimated that at this time the number of Homoeopathic 
physicians in Germany, exclusive of Switzerland and Austria, 
was eighty-eight. 

A Homoeopathic society was in 1834 founded in Paris; Dr. 
Leon Simon and Dr. Curie had also founded the Journal de la 
Medicine Homceopathique. 

In 1S30 Dr. Des Guidi returned from Naples to Lyons, intro- 
ducing Homoeopathy into France, while in 1834 there were 
quite a number of practitioners of the system and several Hom- 
oeopathic books had also been issued from the French press. 

In May, 1834, the Galilean Homoeopathic Society, a national 
society established since 1832, sent Hahnemann an honorary- 
diploma, in reply to which he wrote the following letter :* 

" CoETHEN, 6 February, 1835. 
' ' To THE GaIvLican Homceopathic Society. 

' ' Gentlemen and Honorable Brothers : I have at this late day 
received your letter of the 12th of May, 1834. I am profoundly 
affected by the sentiments that you have so kindly expressed 
towards me and which you have in such a delicate manner 
shown through your honorable secretary. I accept with 
pleasure the title of honorary member transmitted to me by the 
diploma and by your letter, and beg of you to accept my sincere 
thanks for your graceful attention. Our beneficent art pro- 
gresses in France as you tell me, and other reports confirm this. 
The society recently established at Paris and which has named 
me its president of honor gives a happy proof. I love France 
and her noble people, so great, so generous, so disposed to re- 
form abuses by adopting new and better ways ; this predilection 

* Bibliotheque Homceopathique, 1835, Vol. v., p. 61. Horn. Exam., 
Vol. ii., p. 10. 


has been increased in my heart by my marriage with a noble 
French lady worthy of her country. May God, of whom I am 
but the instrument, bless the efforts of all of you who labor with 
me in the medical reformation so necessary for the good of men. 
Blind as many still remain, let us do them a service despite 
themselves, thej'- will be grateful sometime, because our principle 
is, like the light, one of the grandest truths of nature. 

"I commend myself to your remembrance and friendship. 
"May good luck attend you, 
"Samuel Hahnemann." 

Hahnemann continued during all this time his interest in the 
Leipsic Hospital. In June, 1834, he visited Leipsic and assisted 
at a celebration held at that Institution. 

Schweikert's Jotirnal gives the following account :* "The 
17th of this month (June) was established by the Homoeopathic 
Union as a day of celebration for the Homoeopathic Hospital 
founded in this city and maintained by private effort and chari- 
table contributions, and the day was made thus important just 
because during the forenoon of it the hospital was inspected by 
the Honorable Dr. Hahnemann, the venerable President of the 
Union. He had arrived there for that purpose the day before, 
accompanied by his three daughters and by Dr. Lehmann, Herr 
Isensee, Councilor of Justice, Herr Rhost, Superior Bailiff, and 
their wives, and Dr. Jahr, of Gotha. 

"The resident Homoeopathic physicians whom he had invited 
to meet him in the evening of that day to confer about certain 
new regulations for promoting the further success of the hospital 
celebrated his arrival with a serenade in front of the windows of 
the Hotel de Pologne, where he was stopping, and at the con- 
clusion of it the assembled multitude burst forth in a shout of 
applause. He, not having visited Leipsic for thirteen years, was 
greatly surprised at such a demonstration of welcome, and several 
of the friends surrounding him exclaimed: 'Voxpopuli, vox Dei — 
the voice of the people is the voice of God.' 

" The hospital was splendidly decorated for the reception of 
Hahnemann, and he was enthusiastically welcomed with befitting 
ceremony by an address in I^atin by its director, Dr. Schweikert. 
This address (which is one of the grandest tributes ever paid to 
the distinguished services of a great public benefactor in the 
*Zeitung der homoopath. Heilkunst, "^un^ 2?), 1834. 


annals of history. — Ed.) was delivered in the conference room, 
in which was assembled a highly respectable company of ladies 
and gentlemen, as well as nearly all the Homoeopathic physicians 
of the city. 

"The venerable man, then in his seventy- ninth year, re- 
sponded in German and expressed his thanks, as well as his per- 
fect satisfaction with the Institution and with its director. He 
made a donation to the endowment fund as well as presents to 
the staiF of nurses, and then visited the rooms of the patients, 
where he appeared much pleased with the deportment of the oc- 
cupants. He dined in his rooms with many of his admiring 
guests, and after enjoying a delightful afternoon in the little 
* Swiss Hut of the Rosenthal' he spent a few hours wiih the 
guests in instructing and entertaining converse. His time did 
not permit him to tarry any longer in lycipsic, and he left it early 
the following morning (the i8th) accompanied with many hearty 
wishes that he might have a long and happy life." 

Rather a peculiar circumstance occurred in July of 1834, which 
will quite plainly show Hahnemann's opinion upon domestic 
hand-books. This year his daughter Eleonore, wife of Dr. 
Wolfif, published a small book entitled " Homoeopathic House- 
hold Adviser." Hahnemann inserted the following note in the 
Allg. horn. Zeitung for August 11, 1834 :* 

"Explanation. — The book, ' Homoeopathic Adviser,' under 
the name of my daughter Eleonore, wedded to Dr. Wolff, and 
who has never had anything to do with this method of healing, 
has been published without my knowledge and in opposition to 
my wish. Of course, I am well aware how misleading and in- 
jurious such incomplete, superficial and doubtful prescriptions 
can and must become to the general public. I, therefore, pub- 
licly avow myself to be in nowise connected with the said publica- 
tion and I challenge everybody (see Magdeburg Gazette, No. 156,) 
to point out to me any secret remedy that I would not have com- 
municated to the world. 

"Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, Hofrath. 

" Coet/ien, July 10, iSj^y 

Hahnemann plainly refers to the episode of the Bellado?tna. 

An extended criticism of this book had appeared in the 
Zeitung for July 28, 1834, by Dr. Alphons Noack. It is likely that 

*Allg. horn. Zeit., Vol. v., p. 31. 


the criticism induced Hahnemann to repudiate this " Rathgeber 
fur das Haus, von Kleonore WolfiF, geb. Hahnemann." 

The sixth meeting of the Central Union was held at Coethen, 
on August ID, 1834,* under the presidency of Hahnemann, who 
now assumed the supreme power. His personal friends only 
were present, and Dr. Lehmann, Hahnemann's assistant, moved 
the dissolution of the Central Society and the formation of a 
Saxon Provincial Society. Dr. Schweikert having applied to 
Hahnemann to use his influence in raising money to continue 
the Leipsic Hospital, and Hahnemann having asked for donations, 
the money was all sent to him and he assumed entire control of 
its destinies, forbidding the Central Union to interfere, though 
the hospital was really their own property. f 

He raised Schweikert' s salary from 400 to 800 thalers and he 
assumed entire management, spending the money without giv- 
ing any account. 

Hahnemann declared Lehmann director of Homoeopathy, and 
Schweikert and Seidel resigned. None of the Leipsic physicians 
would become director and the fate of the Institution was in 
doubt. Before the loth of August, 1835, Hahnemann had left 
Germany, and the Central Society again assumed control of the 

This meeting on the loth of August, 1834, was the last time 
Hahnemann was destined to greet his disciples in his native land. 
That in the affair of the hospital he had been arbitrary is quite 
sure, but may not his action be justified when we remember that 
with him his method of healing was a religion, and that his op- 
position was not so much to the individual as to the principle at 
stake. Hahnemann feared that his cause would be weakened 
were anything but pure Homoeopathy to be taught in this first 

Albrecht says of this period: "The loth of August, 1834, was 
the last Festal day he celebrated in Germany. We pause now at 
a mile stone and reflect upon the life of Hahnemann. He had 
much of prosperity in his married life, in which nine daughters 
and two sons were given him. His spouse was of a generous 
and proud spirit, and was the treasure oi his married life. A 

^Stapfs Archiv, Vol. xiv., part 3, p. 92. 

■\Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxx.. p. 466. 

:}:" Trans. World's Horn. Convention," 1876, Vol. ii., p. 26. 


worthy housewife, a faithful partner, hostess and mother, and 
throughout her life renouncing pleasure, she had journeyed 
through the world his faithful helpmate. Elated by the aspira- 
tions of her own soul she had considered him capable of passing 
forward to the height of renown. So that after he had reached 
the haven of rest at Coethen he was often impelled in his brighter 
hours to say to the dear life partner: 'Yes. little mother, it is 
true, how many and varied the persecutions I would have had 
without thee, persecutions which would have overwhelmed me; 
how could I have been able with such courage and strength to 
endure the storms of life, which drove us over half the world, if 
thou hadst not stood so faithfully and lovingly by my side.'* 

" One would hear similar utterances when Hahnemann left 
his work early in the evening, often between nine and ten o'clock. 
He would then come into the sitting room, sit down by his wife 
and ask her to play something on the piano. ' How would I 
have been able,' he would exclaim in such moments, grasping 
the hand of his wife, and looking fondly in her eyes with the 
ardor of the love of youth, ' how would I have been able, I repeat, 
without thee, beloved, f to persevere in so many relations of life 
that were liable to fail; how, without thee, to achieve my under- 
taking in spite of all difficulties and to conquer, with unimpaired 
strength, all my enemies ? If thou remainest by my side I trust 
to obtain the most complete victory.' But death dissolved the 
happy bond." 

That Hahnemann was interested in the welfare of the Leipsic 
Homoeopathic Hospital until the very time of his departure for 
Paris is well demonstrated by the following letter: 

" An Appeal to All Homoeopathic Physicians " 
" Kver since it has been in existence, and especially in the last 
few years, the lycipsic Homoeopathic Hospital has accomplished 
much that is good and gratifying through the exemplary regula- 
tions which its internal management has received at the hands 
of its present director, the well-known, truly practical Homoeo- 
pathic physician, Dr. Schweikert, as well as through the un- 
wearied activity with which he directs the whole Institution. It 
will be seen from the forthcoming annals of the Institute how 
much need there is of the most active and powerful support of 

*" Hahnemann's Leben uud Wirken." Albrecht. Leipsic. 1875. P. 72. 
tThe German word used here is Geliebte. 


Homoeopathic physicians and beneficent friends of humanity if 
it is to be permanent and produce further good for science and 
mankind. Since the number of beds is now twenty-one, and 
the whole cost of the yearly support, according to a superficial 
estimate, amounts to 3,000 thalers, and in addition to this the 
patients themselves may possibly amount to about i , 300, in accord- 
ance with the regulation now in vogue, the Institute can only be 
permanent if an additional 2,000 thalers is raised annually by- 
contributions. And, apart from this, the slight capital ought 
not to be exhausted. This is ver}^ easily done if every Homoeo- 
pathic physician, as many have already agreed to do, obligates 
himself to contribute a definite yearl}' amount, according to 
his ability (although at present only in five years), and if each 
of them makes an effort to induce other beneficent friends to- 
make contributions and collects them and sends the sum total 
every year, not la|;er than the loth of August, to the Steward, 
the bookseller Schumann, through either the bookseller or the 
Provincial Society in his neighborhood. To such assistance and 
effort I urgently invite all worthy Homoeopathic practitioners 
and friends of humanity who have at heart the promotion of our 
only true healing art, by means of the exemplary Homoeopathic 
Hospital in L,eipsic, in which everyone can be convinced with 
his own eyes of the unsurpassability of this art of healing. 

"Samuel Hahnemann. "^^ 
'' Coethen, 8th May, 1835:' 

After Hahnemann went to Paris the Central Society becoming 
free from his domination the members became more united ; the 
government subsidy asked for the hospital was as yet withheld, 
but it managed to struggle on until, in 1836, a small yearly sub- 
sidy was allowed from the Saxon Government. In 1839 it ^^^ 
in a measure regained its usefulness ; the Leipsic physicians as- 
sumed the management and there was a sufficiency of patients. 
But there was not sufficient funds and it was decided to gain 
them by mortgaging the hospital property. The government 
subsidy was continued and the Institution continued, until in June, 
1 841, the money being almost gone and a foreclosure of the 
mortgage imminent, it was changed into a dispensary. f 

In 1837, after all the trouble was over, Dr. Moritz Muller, in 

* Allg. horn. Zeit., June 29, 1835, (Vol. vi., p. 366.) 
'\ Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxx., p. 466. 


a pamphlet entitled the "History of Homoeopathy"* gave an ac- 
count of the growth of the Homoeopathic system, the Fest-Jubilee 
■of 1829, the meeting of 1S30, the establishment of the hospital, 
the difficulties in regard to its progress; in fact, gave a complete 
analysis of the whole transaction. 

The German physicians all unite in saying that Hahnemann 
•by his spirit of domination greatly hindered the growth of the 
Homoeopathic system at that time in Germany. But it cannot 
be denied that this spirit arose from a fear that the law of the 
similars, as Hahnemann understood it, would lose credit in the 
Tiands of men who might use it in connection with the old 
manner of prescribing. And this fully explains the seemingly 
extreme course that Hahnemann took previous to his departure 
from Germany. 

Before Hahnemann left Germany he had the satisfaction of 
rseeing the right granted in the Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen, by 
the Grand Duke Bernhard, to Homoeopathic physicians to prac- 
tice Homoeopathy and to dispense Homoeopathic medicines. 
This grant is dated October 21, 1834.! 



We now reach a romantic episode in the life of this wonderful 
man. At the age of eighty he married a wife of thirty-five. 

After the death of the wife of his youth he had continued to 
live very quietly in the house at Coethen, well taken care of by 
his daughters, devoting his time to his large practice and to the 
delights of his medical researches. 

In the latter part of the year 1834 Mile. Melanie d'Hervilly 
Oohier, adopted daughter of lyouis Jerome Cohier, Minister of 
Justice and President of the Executive Directory of the French 
Republic in the time of the i8th Brumaire (1799), having heard 
of Hahnemann's skill as a physician, came to Coethen in order 

* "Zur GeschicMeder Homoopathie." Leipzig. Reclam. 1837. 
\ Horn. Exam., Vol. ii., p. 72. 


to benefit by it. Mile. Gohier was a French artist of some note, 
of a good family and possessed of an independent fortune, who 
was making a tour through Germany at this time. What her 
complaint was does not seem to be very clearly shown. It has 
been stated that it was some pulmonary trouble, and again that 
it was the lady's mother and not herself who was ill. 

However, they became interested mutually, and she was so 
impressed with the vast treasures of Hahnemann's mind and he 
was so well pleased with her attainments that he asked her to 
share her life with him. 

Hartmann'says:'=^ "The high estimation in which they held 
each other favored and realized this wish; no motive of self- 
interest led to this bond, for his wife sprang from a good and 
rich family and had the independent disposal of her wealth." 

So, on the 28th of January, 1835, they were married in Coethen. 
His wedding journey was to Leipsic. 

Albrecht says:t "As a bridegroom he traveled to Leipsic, 
accompanied by his bride and daughters. Here he gave, in the 
Hotel de Pologne, a festive farewell banquet to his pupils, and 
indulged in converse with them regarding the new system of 

Homoeopathy had in the meanwhile gained a footing in Paris, 
as in many other places. During the winter of 1834-5 Dr. Leon 
Simon, pere, had delivered a course of lectures on the principles 
of Homoeopathy. These lectures were published under the title: 
"Lecons de Medicine Homoeopathique. Paris. Bailliere. 1835." 
The first lecture of the course was delivered on January 26, 1835, 
in the Royal Athenaeum. 

In 1834 there was organized a Homoeopathic Society in Paris 
called the "Institute Homoeopathique." 

The same year the. Jour7ial de la Medicine Homceopathiqiie , under 
the editorship of Drs. Leon Simon, pere, and Curie, pere, was 
organized. Dr. Jourdan, in 1834, commenced to publish the 
Archives de la Medicine HomceopatJiiquc. 

Among the honors that Hahnemann received at this time was 
one from the new Homoeopathic College, in far-off Pennsylvania, 
in the United States. He was, on his birthday, April loth, 1835, 
elected Honorary Member of the Board of Directors of the North 

*Hartmaiin's "Life of Hahnemann" (Caspari's Domestic). Allg. hom. 
Zeit., Vol. xxvi., p. 245 (Hartmann's " Leben "). 
t Albrecht's " Leben und Wirkeu," p. 74. 


American Academy of Homoeopathy, at AUentown, Pa. His 
wife received a little later an honorary diploma from the same 

In the year 1835 the Homoeopathic physicians of Paris, 
through the Galilean Homoeopathic Medical Society, requested 
from the Minister of Public Instruction of France permission 
to establish Homoeopathic dispensaries and a hospital in 
Paris. This request was by the minister referred to the French 
Academy of Medicine. Hahnemann, seeing this fact in the 
French Moniteur, addressed the minister in a letter dated 
Coethen, Feburary 13, 1835, asking him to consult the Hom- 
oeopathic society for information. Among other things he 
says:t " The welfare of humanity interests me too intensely to 
allow me to remain silent before a question of such importance. 
All the systems of medicines hitherto invented regard diseases 
as capable of being displaced materially by violent means which 
weak^ the vital force with bloodletting and evacuations of all 
sorts. Homoeopathy, on the contrary, acting dynamically on the 
vital spirits, destroys diseases in a gentle, imperceptible and dur- 
able manner. Hence it is not merely an ingenious invention, a 
skillful combination that produces results more or less beneficial 
in its application, but it is a principle of eternal nature, the only 
one able to restore to man his lost health." 

It may be stated that the petition was not granted by the 
French authorities. This letter, written in the next month after 
marriage, indicates that the old man was already looking toward 
Paris and becoming interested in the future of Homoeopathy in 
that city. 

Madame Hahnemann wished to return to Paris, and Hahne- 
mann does not seem to have made ^ny objection to leaving his 
own country. This plan must have been decided upon soon after 
marriage, if not before, as Albrecht speaks of a farewell dinner 
to the pupils at Ivcipsic. 

A great many diverse accounts of this period in the life of 
Hahnemann have been published. It is stated that when Mile. 
Gohier first visited Coethen she was dressed in male attire. This 
is probably true. The friends of Madame Hahnemann admit 
this. The fact is excused by the argument that it was not iin- 

*" Trans. World's Horn. Convention," 1876, Vol. ii., p. 784. 
■\ Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxxviii., p 64. 


common at that time. From the year 1824 it was a sort of fash- 
ion among women to dress in male costume. Sue, the novelist, 
saj'S that in 1824 it was estimated that not less than 2000 women 
were in the habit of wearing trousers in Paris. It was by no 
means considered as any proof of lack of good character, nor 
has anyone, for one moment, ever doubted that Mile. d'Hervilly 
was a pure minded lady. M. Sanches, a French gentleman, in 
a letter to the editor of the British Jo^irnal of Homozopathy , in 
1878, soon after Madame Hahnemann's death, says:* "Mile. 
Marie Melanie d'Hervilly only changed her feminine garments 
for male attire when she was an artist and when she went alone 
into the country to sketch some beautiful views and landscapes. 
The wearing of the male attire by lady and girl artists when they 
go to set up their easel in solitary places in order to pursue their 
artistic studies is not only a recognized habit in France, it is in a 
manner obligatory on them." 

It is said that the great French artist, Rosa Bonheur^ never 
dressed in any other manner while on her sketching excursions. 

Another story is told as follows:! "Mile. Gohier arrived at 
Coethen in the evening dressed in male attire and stopped for 
the night at the Central Hotel. As it was late when she ar- 
rived no particular attention was paid to the young stranger at 
that time and she retired to her room. The barber attached to 
the hotel, as was there the custom, in the morning presented 
himself to inquire if the gentleman wished to be shaved, and was 
greatly astonished on entering the bedroom to find instead of the 
young Frenchman he expected an elegant lady lacing her stays." 

In an article in the Homceopathic World, August i, 1878, 
written by a "Relative of the Family," it is stated that: 
" Hahnemann's name and fame had already obtained a world- 
wide reputation when he lost his first wife, who had been a real 
treasure to him. It all at once struck the fancy of a young 
French woman to woo the distinguished widower, if possible to 
marry him and bring him to Paris where she would be sure to 
realize a fortune, if the kind fates would only favor her plans. 
She, therefore, set out in the year of 1835 on the tedious jour- 
ney from Paris to Coethen, and arrived one evening dressed in 
male attire. Great was the astonishment in the morning at the 
hotel to find the young Frenchman of the evening transformed 

* Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxxvii., p. 99. 
■\Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxxvii., p. 102. 


into a well-dressed and good-looking woman. She at once made 
minute inquiries about the habits of our master, and having ob- 
tained sufficient information she went straight to Hahnemann's 
residence for the purpose, as she alleged, of consulting him 
about herself." 

After the death of Madame Hahnemann, in 1878, the circum- 
stances of his life were discussed at some length in the British 
and French Homoeopathic journals. It is, however, generally 
admitted that whatever the manner of the first meeting Hahne- 
mann's second wife made the last years of his life very happy. 

Albrecht thus writes concerning Mile. d'Hervilly Gohier:* 
"We purposely limit ourselves to the very little that we have in 
manuscript about Melanie. Melanie, who was a second March- 
ioness Diidevantf in intellectual ability, had learned riding 
and swimming, and was passionately fond of these physical ac- 
complishments. She possessed all kinds of guns and knew how 
to handle them in genuine sportsmanlike manner. She had 
been at the school of painting and had visited the dissecting 
room. On a visit to the Paris Bourse one day she learned that 
Hahnemann had been appointed president of the Medical 
Faculty of New York. Then she immediately said to herself: 
' Where the man lives I must go, I must investigate this.' 
This is her own language. Following her own inclination, she 
went most of the time in male attire. Hahnemann, who had 
strong moral views, could not approve of such conduct and op- 
posed it. But how was he to help it ? After their marriage they 
travelled as father and son from Coethen to Paris. She was wont 
to say, ' I prefer going about with men, for no sensible word can 
be addressed to a woman.' As a matter of curiosity, we find 
room for the following particulars : 

"The father of Hahnemann's second wife was a painter from 
Saxony, who was blind and destitute. Hahnemann took him 
to his home and cared for him. Her mother was severely afflicted 
with the gout. She had a brother who was a merchant in New 

*" Ein Biographisches Denkmal," Leipzig, 1851, p. 114. 

fThe real name of the novelist whose nom de plume was George Sand. 




After Hahnemann's marriage certain of the German news- 
papers notably one published in Coethen, made him the butt of 
a species of small wit. This paper had before refused an article 
by Hahnemann, in refutation of an essay against his treatment 
of cholera, that had appeared in its columns, simply because 
the Allopathic censor of the press disliked Hahnemann. 

Some of the statements are given below. The last letter is 
from the lawyer Isensee, who, as he was Hahnemann's own at- 
torney, may be depended upon to know the truth. Ameke (p. 
287) also mentions the ring, worth 500 thalers. and some other of 
these false statements. 

"Hahnemann's Second Marriage. ""^ 

"Who has not heard that our still vigorous, eighty years old 
Dr. Hahnemann was married again on January 18, 1835? (Al- 
brecht names the date of marriage as the 28th of January. — Ed.) 
The reason for marrying again at so advanced an age has been 
given by himself many times, and several newspapers have her- 
alded the matter; but no one has hit the nail on the head. 

"And there has been no lack of mockers and evil prophesiers, 
who have made fun of the old man and his flame, as they call 
her. And if only the witty remarks are taken into account they 
have been 'downright bad,' as we are accustomed to say, since 

the editor of the is certainly not the last a'nd the least. 

But, whether the facts related by him are true or false, it is of no- 
concern to the venerable man, for only the little village com- 
munity laughs at them. This writer says, in No. 22 of his paper 
for 1835: 'The renowned father of Homoeopathy, Dr. Hahne- 
mann, in Coethen, in order to show the world how his system of 
medicine is glorified by the act, was married again the i8th of 
last January, in the eightieth year of his age. His wife is a 
young Catholic woman, the daughter of a nobleman in Paris. 
The yozcng old man is still in the prime of his vigor and chal- 
lenges all Allopaths, 'Imitate me, if you can.' Besides other 
* Volksblatter fur horn. Heilverfahren. Wahrhold, Vol. i., p. 150. 


costly things, the old bridegroom presented to his young bride, 
when she came to consult him, as an invalid, dressed in men's 
clothes, a ring worth 500 thalers, and bequeathed to her 40,000 
thalers; but to his children only 30,000 Homoeopathic thalers. 
It is common rumor that certain Allopaths are inclined to prac- 
tice Homoeopathy.' 

" The writer says later, in No. 37 of his paper: 'We see that 
not merely German Homoeopathy, like Dr. Hahnemann, can be- 
queath to wife and children properties worth hundreds of thou- 
sands, but also French Allopathy. The renowned surgeon, Du- 
puytran, who has just died in Paris, has left his daughters seven 
millions francs.' 

" Again, in No. 43: 'Dr. Hahnemann, the father of Homoe- 
opathy, has gone on a visit to Paris with his young French bride, 
and his daughters are obliged to keep house all alone for the 
first time.' 

" Ivastly, in No. 53: ' People of discriminating minds wish to 
know whether the journey of Dr. Hahnemann to Paris is merely 
a Homoeopathic preference. The young French woman whom 
Hahnemann married soon hastened to Paris after the wedding. 
In order to cure the matrimonial ill the experienced Homoeopath, 
in accordance with the fundamental principle of his school, has 
made a practical application of similia similibus (like to like) 
and has also hastened to Paris.' 

"In order to stop the circulation of such untrue reports and 
worthless witticisms, a well-known lawyer of Coethen prepared 
this document- scourge and lashed therewith the mouths of the 
noisy blatants, as follows : 

" ' PUB1.1C DecIvAration of the Truth.' " 

" 'The reports about the marriage of Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, 
in Coethen, to Miss Marie Melanie d'Hervilly Gohier, of Paris, 
published in our village Gazette, and in some Berlin newspapers, 
are wholly lies and are the most infamous slanders, with the sole 
exception that such a wedding did take place. It cannot but be 
agreeable to the better class of people to learn the truth; and I, 
who drew up the marriage contract or settlement between the 
married couple and between Dr. Hahnemann and the children of 
his first wife, and have the most exact knowledge of the circum- 
stances, believe this declaration to be due both to the highly 
esteemed couple and to the public. 


' ' ' The marriage has on neither side any ambiguous subordinate 
purpose whatever. The old man, grown grey in incessant ac- 
tivity, and persecuted and aggrieved by all of his more intimate 
acquaintance, soon experienced in his conversation with Mile. 
d'Hervilly, who had come to him as an invalid to be treated, a 
higher enjoyment of life than he had previously surmised, and 
this rare enjoyment elicited a profound desire to end in quiet 
and cheerfulness the last days of his stormy life, in cordial union 
with the creator of this higher felicity. 

" ' She, the spouse, of a highly respectable and wealthy family; 
thirty-five years old; possessed of considerable unincumbered 
property of her own; cultured in art and science, being a clever 
painter and poet; but, which is more important, highly honored 
by the most renowned and greatly esteemed persons of her native 
land; sincerely beloved as a friend, and esteemed and honored 
by all her acquaintances without exception; she, this woman, who 
had determined to devote herself to painting and scientific ac- 
quirements, and to marry no one, was noble-minded enough to 
neglect her beloved country, her family ties and artistic studies 
in France and Italy, as a sacrifice to the wish of an old man, 
who highly deserved such a sacrifice in order to render cheerful 
the evening of his troublous life. 

"'Only two conditions, or stipulations, both of them purely 
unselfish and delicate in character, were involved in the assent 
to this marriage: 

" ' I. That she should receive no portion whatever of the whole 
property of Hahnemann, either during their lifetime or at his 
death, but that all of it should go to his children and grand- 
children without the slightest abatement. 

" '2. And that Hahnemann should immediately apportion his 
property among said children and grandchildren. 

" 'The first condition is fully carried out in the marriage con- 
tract drawn up by me; and, as respects the second, I induced 
Doctor and Madame Hahnemann to assent to an arrangement 
whereby 48,000 thalers of Hahnemann's property should be im- 
mediately apportioned among his children and grandchildren, 
and be placed in the Government Bank, in their names, to draw 
interest; but that Hahnemann should receive the revenue during 
his lifetime of about 15,000 thalers still remaining to him, in- 
clusive of his land lots; and, finally, that his children and grand- 


children (after his death) should receive this reserve, together 
with any residue that he may yet earn. I have this entire docu- 
ment respecting Dr. Hahnemann and his children and grand- 
children in my safe, and administered the entire estate. 

"'Madame Hahnemann, except a very plain gold marriage 
ring, received nothing vi^hatever, no goods or household effects, 
and not a penny in money, of Hahnemann's property. 

" 'These are facts, which directly and indirectly refute the cir- 
culated lies, and expose the liar himself to the just judgment of 
the world. 

"'I conclude this declaration by informing the public that 
the generous-hearted and noble-minded wife of Hahnemann has 
gloriously attained her object, and finds in the unmistakable 
happiness of her husband her own, as well as ample reward for 
many a sacrifice. 

' ' ' ISENSEE, 
' ' 'Justice of Peace. 

" ' Coethen, March 11, iSj^.' " 

It is an open secret that the daughters of Hahnemann were 
very jealous of the second wife, and that they sought in every 
way to cause her trouble. After Hahnemann by will left his 
second fortune to Madame Melanie there was rupture complete 
between them. Hahnemann does not seem to have been un- 
just to his daughters, inasmuch as he gave them a very large 
fortune before he left Germany. Had he not then a perfect right 
to give to his French wife the fortune that she had assisted him 
to earn ? It is certain that she made his last years happy. The 
only thing that can be adduced against her is that she buried 
Hahnemann almost like a pauper; that she refused to give up the 
manuscript books that Hahnemann had willed to his daughter and 
that she exacted an exorbitant price for the sale of the unpub- 
lished writings left at his death. These writings are yet held 
by Madame Hahnemann's heir, Madame Boenninghausen, who 
refuses them to the profession. 




An article was published in the Popidaire Zeitschrift, of 
Leipsic, for July i, 1893, entitled:* "The Semi- Centenary 
Memorial of the Death of Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, July 2, 1893." 
In this the author, Dr. Puhlmann, makes plain several points 
heretofore uncertain. He evidently knows whereof he writes. 
After a short account of the burial he gives a biography of the 
master, a fac simile of a letter, portraits of himself and his first 
wife and ends the very entertaining sketch in the following 
manner: "Glowing accounts of Hahnemann's material pros- 
perity in Paris had naturally reached the ears of his children, 
though he never spoke about the matter in his letters to them ; 
and his children might therefore have hoped that the}'- would 
some day receive a second inheritance from Paris. So their dis- 
appointment was the more bitter after his death. 

In an indisputable will Samuel Hahnemann had named his 
second wife his sole heir, and in this will he expressly says that 
his children had already received their due inheritance in his 
settling upon them the property which he had acquired up to 
1835 ; so that people cannot now impute to him a want of love 
for them on account of this act of gratitude to the second partner 
of his life. 

"The contentions of the Hahnemann family on account of 
this will have lasted for many years, and Frau Melanie Hahne- 
mann probably insisted upon maintaining her rights because the 
children and their friends seemingly attacked her only and 
meddled with nothing else. In fact she did not give to the chil- 
dren her deceased husband's journals, which he had left behind 
in Coethen, with the express understanding that they were to be 
given to his children after his death. 

"For the sake of preserving peace in the Hahnemann family, 
the writer of this article prevented this matter from coming to a 
sensational scandal until thirt}'- years afterwards. 

"The Seminary Director, Franz Albrecht, of Coethen, had 

*Leipziger Populaire Zeitschrift Jur Homoopathie. Leipsic, July i, 1893. 
Dr. Willmar Schwabe. 


published in 1851 a biography of Samuel Hahnemann.* The 
material for this biography had been given to him, a long-time 
neighbor of the Hahnemanns, by the deceased's daughters, 
Frau Dr. Louise Mossdorf and Charlotte Hahnemann. Albrecht, 
after giving up the seminary, removed to Leipsic and settled near 
the publisher of this Gazette, so as to expedite the publication of 
a new and enlarged edition of this biography, which appeared 
in I S75 under the title ' Dr. Samuel Hahnemann's desBegrunders 
der Homoopathie I,eben und Wirken. lycipzig. Schwabe. 1875.' 

"Director Albrecht announced that Hahnemann's daughter, 
Frau Dr. Mossdorf, was very much interested in the publication 
of this new edition ; and, if published, she offered to buy for 
cash five hundred copies. Her offer was accepted and the print- 
ing was begun. But the printing had to be interrupted; for it 
was found that Director Albrecht, at the instigation of Frau 
Mossdorf, had made intercalations in the former edition ; and 
these insertions had turned the book into a sort of pamphlet 
against Hahnemann's widow, who was still living. There were 
inserted in the book numerous attacks upon the widow, Madame 
d'Hervilly Hahnemann, and also various private letters not 
meant for publication ; and so the work might be seized by order 
of the aggrieved party, and thus both author and publisher 
might get into litigation. 

"Director Albrecht was aware of this dilemma, but thought 
that Madame Mossdorf would not be likel}^ to buy five hundred 
copies, if the inserted matter were omitted. Five signatures of 
the book had already been printed, and so I decided to have a 
personal interview with the lady about the matter, for I was ac- 
quainted with her and I believed that she would listen to any 
reasonable remonstrances. 

" I had been at the Hahnemann residence during the lifetime 
of her sister (before 1863) and had been received with unusual 
courtesy. The two ladies showed me, with the greatest pleasure, 
all the mementoes of their deceased father. On my departure I 
even received from them a small glass cylinder that had belonged 
to the deceased, some leaves from the arbor in the small garden, 
where he spent so many of his leisure hours, and a goose quill 
pen, with which he had once written. This quill-pen had no 

* " Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann. Ein biographisches Denk- 
mal." Leipzig. Hinrichs'che Buchhandlung. 1851. 


slit in the nib, and I could then readily understand how Hahne- 
mann had been able to write in so small and distinct a hand on 
the rough paper then in current use, and on which we could not 
thus write with our steel pens. 

" Had I specially requested it they would certainly have given 
me also a tobacco pipe which had belonged to the deceased. But 
I dared not ask it, considering the several mementoes they had 
proffered me alieady. 

" After the first ludicrous impression made upon me by the 
profuse manifestations of civility shown by the ladies had been 
superseded by a graver demeanor on my part, the devil tempted 
me to elicit from them the same courtesies again, by making pro- 
found bows to them and giving them assurance of the high 
esteem in which I held them; and every time, to my great 
delight, these were followed on their part by courtesies so low that 
one might have thought the two ladies would sink into the earth. 
They were both dressed in mourning, and they repeated these 
profound courtesies at ever}^ bow and complimentary phrase from 
me, till I was at length really embarrassed, for I was constrained 
to preserve a grave demeanor and dared not laugh. 

" Charlotte Hahnemann had died before I called on Madame 
Mossdorf to have this personal interview respecting the objec- 
tionable matter in the forthcoming book. She received me at her 
residence in Coethen in the presence of a servant maid. As I 
entered the house I had explained to this servant the object of 
my visit and she must have told her mistress. After the formali- 
ties of greeting were over, which were profound bows on my 
part and still more profound courtesies on hers, I endeavored to 
make her understand that so censurable a work could not be 
published, even though she believed herself to be in the right 
and all that was in the Albrecht manuscript should be true; and 
I said to her that most unpleasant relations might arise, both for 
author and publisher, if such a work were published. 

"But she was not to be persuaded in the matter, and she ad- 
vanced every reason and argument at her command to justify her 
purpose. I heard from her lips things much worse than were in 
the Albrecht manuscript. I had to leave without having accom- 
plished the object of my visit, and my bow at departure was not 
even returned by her by even the merest courtesy. The portions 
of manuscript already in type, containing expressions of feminine 


grudge that she had nursed for many a year, were laid aside and 
left out of the book. 

" For this reason the lady renounced the fulfilment of a wish 
that she had harbored for a generation, in a letter written to Di- 
rector Albrecht with the sharpest expressions of ill humor she 
had ever uttered, and in a more eflfusive way, too, with the single 
exception of a long-winded dedication that she had once furnished 
to a book. 

"She has now been dead for a long time, and Frau Melanie 
Hahnemann has departed this life, as well as all the other per- 
sons named in this article. Whatever of the suppressed portions 
of the Albrecht manuscript could be made public without 
wounding the feeling of reverence for the great founder of Hom- 
oeopathy, the curious reader will find interwoven in this article. 

"And, as was stated at the beginning, this article was meant 
to be not a portraiture of the importance of Hahnemann to the 
mere science of Homoeopathy, but of his life and works viewed 
from a purely human standpoint as a great benefactor to the 
human race. 

"And yet reflections on his two marriages, and especially 
upon the latter portion of his life in Paris, were not to be dis- 
pensed with because many erroneous views were formerly cur- 
rent respecting this matter in Homoeopathic circles. We know 
for certain that his second wife took him to her native land, 
rendered more beautiful the evening of his life and assisted him 
in every way in the most confiding and loving manner, till the 
hour of his death ; whilst, had she been heartless, she would have 
left him to himself or else in the hands of nurses. So Jahr re- 
lated of her that when Hahnemann in his last days had violent 
paroxysms of pain in his breast she used to console him and 
cheer him up and say to him that Providence owed him a re- 
mission of his sufferings." 




In so far as one may judge at this late day regarding the mat- 
ter, it seems to be very probable that Mile. Hervilly Gohier did 
not marry Hahnemann from interested motives. She had money 
in her own right, she was of an excellent family. Doubtless, 
she possessed the eccentricities so usual to genius, and under- 
standing this, much becomes plain in her actions. That she 
was disinterested may be inferred by the fact that she insisted 
upon Hahnemann making a will before his departure from Ger- 
many and giving all he then possessed to his children, although 
this was afterwards used as an argument in favor of her cupidity. 
The following is a copy of this document: 


"In the name of God. Amen. Although on the i6th 
September, 1834, I made my will and duly deposited it with the 
Ducal Government, and although likewise for the purpose of 
avoiding every kind of dispute with regard to my property among 
the members of my family and wishing to live the last days of 
my life in undisturbed peace and quiet, I divided on the 17th 
February last nearly the whole of my fortune amongst the chil- 
dren ; yet after careful consideration, finding that those very dis- 
positions (which in some respects contradict themselves) might 
engender mistakes and misunderstandings, and also in conse- 
quence of my contemplated journey to Paris, from whence it is 
quite impossible to saj'- when, if ever, I shall return again, my 
views and intentions have become altered on some points ; there- 
fore I herewith cancel and annul my first will and place in its 
stead this present will which contains all my wishes regarding 
my property and other matters. 

" I. Before all I commend my immortal soul to the grace and 
mercy of God, in the steadfast belief that this most high and 
potent Guide of my destinies will allow it to participate in His 
heavenly glory. 

"M}^ mortal remains shall be left to my dearly beloved wife, 
who alone is to choose the place of interment and the kind of 


funeral according to her choice, unfettered by anyone; but 
should one of my children or grandchildren dare to interfere 
with her directions, he is forthwith to be punished by losing one- 
half his whole inheritance. 

"2. My whole property, consisting of ^9,000 cash , two houses 
in the Wallstrasse in this town, some articles of virtu and furni- 
ture, is to be divided in equal parts, but subject to certain condi- 
tions hereafter to be mentioned among the members of my family, 
as well as all the children who may arise from my present mar- 

"3. As mentioned above, on the 17th February I disposed of 
nearly the whole of my property by a deed of gift to my children, 
giving each of them the sum of ^900, subject to certain condi- 
tions specially stated in the aforesaid document. This deed of 
gift is to remain for the present in power so far as this will of 
mine does not alter it, but I declare herewith most emphatically 
that with the view not to bind myself by it, this deed has not 
been submitted to my children for their approval, and therefore 
has no binding character on both parties, but contains only my 
own dispositions of my property, an arrangement which I have 
made solely for the purpose of affording my children during my 
lifetime some assistance. It is, therefore, not irrevocable, but 
can at any time, according to my judgment, be altered or can- 

"4. Should my son Frederick be incontestably found to have 
•died before me, then his daughter is to be placed in his stead, 
and should she have died childless previous to my decease, then 
her portion, as well as that of any others who may have died 
without issue before my demise is to fall back into the general 

"5. I leave as a special legacy to my two youngest daughters, 
Charlotte and Louise, for their joint use, my house, 270 Wall- 
strasse in this town, free of all debts and mortgages, so that 
they may take possession of it immediately after my death. Ivike- 
wise I bequeath to my daughter Amalie, as a reward for her con- 
stant filial affection and devotion, my house, 269 Wallstrasse, 
in this city, for her sole and absolute use, free from any charge, 
■except allowing her sister Eleonora, should she be a widow and 
willing to live in Coethen, the use of a room in the said house 
or the sum of twenty thalers instead, according to the choice of 
the legatee. 


"6. The golden snuff-box with the letter F in brilliants, which 
the late Duke Ferdinand presented to me, I hereby bequeath to 
my absent son Frederick, should he be still alive, otherwise his 
daughter is to receive it, like the other portions of her father's- 
inheritance. All the other valuable articles and moveables be- 
longing to me have already, for the most part, been divided 
among my children during my lifetime by a special deed of gift. 
The lists containing those articles which each of my heirs has 
received, or is to receive, are all signed with my name, and are 
marked, respectively, A, B, C, D, F, G, H, and are annexed to. 
this will. 

"7. With regard to the house which I bequeathed to my two> 
youngest daughters I have particularly to state, that should 
one of them die before me the other one is at once to take posses- 
sion of it. If both are alive at the time of my death they are at 
liberty to dispose of all their legacies according to their own free 

"8. All those articles of my property which have not been- 
mentioned or disposed of, either in this will or in the annexed 
lists, belong to the general estate and are to be divided equally 
among my heirs; but all the other properties, which I take with 
me to Paris, do not belong to the general estate and will be dis- 
posed of hereafter. 

"9. The presents and dowries which some of my children have 
received during my lifetime are not to be brought to account. 

" 10. All notes written and signed by my own hand, with my 
name, which may be found after my death among my papers, 
disposing of articles, or assigning legacies or other properties to 
friends of mine, are to be considered as codicils to this will and 
are equally binding on my heirs. 

"11. 1 trust that all my heirs will acknowledge in these arrange- 
ments my paternal affection, as it will greatly contribute to my 
comfort during the last days of my life. But should any of my 
family, contrary to all expectation, not be satisfied with this 
my last will, and begin an action at law about it, he is to lose at 
once one-half of his whole inheritance. 

"12. On the eve of my departure to Paris, where, far 
away from the country in which I had to suffer so much, I 
probably shall remain, and where I hope to find with ray 
beloved wife that peace and happiness for which my desired 


marriage will be a sufficient guarantee, I declare that I have 
divided nearly the whole of my property among my children 
soleh^ on the particular wish and desire of my wife, which is a 
proof of her nobl? disinterestedness; to her my children owe it 
that they have received nearly all my own fortune, which I have 
acquired with so much labor and exertion, but which I never 
could quietly enjoy. I have only reserved for myself the small 
■sum of ^2,000, and shall take, on the particular wish of my 
Tvife, only my linen, wearing apparel, library, medicines, and a 
few valuable articles, as watch and signet ring, with me to Paris. 

"I am now in my eighty-first year, and naturally desire at last 
to rest and to give up all medical practice, which is at present 
too burdensome to me. 

"I, therefore, disclaim all intention of augmenting my fortune 
and renounce all further gain, which, after having amply pro- 
vided for my family, I am not in need of. Deeply impressed 
with gratitude to my wife for all the happiness she has conferred 
upon me, and by inducing me to distribute my property amongst 
my children (thus securing them an independent existence), for 
the happiness and comfort she has bestowed upon them I now con- 
sider it my sacred dut}^ to take care that the future peace and hap- 
piness of this most amiable wife is secured. To guard her against 
any unjust claims which might be made by members of my nu- 
merous iamily, a proceeding which would only show a culpable 
malice or sordid avarice, I order that she is to keep, without 
any exception, all articles which I take with me to Paris; I 
forbid that seals be put on her house when I die, or that inven- 
tories be taken, or any description be demanded; in short, I 
■desire that my wife be left forever undisturbed by my family, 
who have no claim whatever on her, but who should rather bless 
her for her noble disinterestedness. But if there should be one 
found among my children so unworthy as to dare to disturb my 
beloved wife in the least, he is to lose forthwith one half of his 
whole inheritance; and if all my heirs be disobedient and re- 
fractory, and jointly should, contrary to my orders, molest their 
stepmother in any way whatever, then one and all are to lose 
the half of their inheritance. In such a case I request the Ducal 
Government to apply these fines, according to their choice, for 
some charitable purpose. 

"13. Should my present wife bear me any children, then this 


child or children, as a matter of course, have the same claims on 
my property as the children of my first marriage. I^astly, I 
request my Government to take care that this my present will 
be faithfully executed. 

"Given under my hand and seal. 

" Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann. 

" Coethe7i, 2 June, 1835.'' 

The lists marked A, B. C, D, F, G, H, contain the enumera- 
tion of the movable and fixed property. In list G he gave to 
his youngest daughter Louise the books containing the cases 
of all his patients, carefully written in his own hand. When 
Hahnemann had been in Paris but a short time, having gone 
into active practice in the meanwhile, he felt the need of these 
books and asked lyOuise for them as a loan, promising solemnly 
that they should be returned to her immediately after his death. 

Although applications were made to Madame Hahneman after 
that event for their return, she refused to surrender them.* 








And now, his property divided, his children provided for, once 
more this old wanderer takes up his household gods. Albrecht 
says :t 

"Early on the first day of Whitsuntide, 1835, he departed 
from Coethen with his bride. His children and grandchildren 
accompanied him by extra post as far as Halle. He dined at 
the Crown Prince there, and then immediately resumed his 
journey. The leave taking of his relatives was so affecting 
that even strangers, who happened to be spectators, were moved 

* Brit Jour. //<7W., Vol. xxii., p. 674. Am. Horn. Review, Vol. v., p. 
476. Allg. horn. Zeiiung, Vol. Ixix., p. 100. 
fAlbrecht's " L,ebeu und Wirkeu," p. 74. 


with the profoundest emotion. His daughters returned to 
Coethen with the tears coursing down their cheeks incessantly. 
Alas ! they had lost the one whom they had called their father 
with genuine childish aflfection, and honored as their benefactor 
with implicit obedience, and had cherished as their idol with 
most self-sacrificing devotion. He had lived in the Wallstrasse 
in Coethen for fourteen years, in a house of his own with a 
garden attached, and his youngest daughter now occupies this 

The following note may be found in the Allgemeirie horn. 
Ze if ung- for July 13, 1835: "Dr. S. Hahnemann on the 14th of 
June last departed for Paris." 

In this place an extract from a letter written to Stapf six years, 
before, in 1829, may be interesting :* "I thank you most cor- 
dially for your kind invitation to come to Naumburg. I must 
take it as already having been done. I cannot now travel a mile 
from home, if I am to live a year longer. I must observe 
punctually my regular mode of life, and dare not swerve from it 
a single hair's breadth. Travelling has therefore become im- 
possible for me ; I cannot visit even my married children, cannot 
even get the length of lycipzic. So forgive me that I must refuse 
3'our invitation." 

But the charming invalid and artist from Paris made him for- 
get his old age. 

It has been said that Hahnemann was compelled to leave 
Coethen secretly on account of the great affection in which he 
was held by the inhabitants, who did not wish him to leave them 
and sought to restrain him by force. This is all false ; many of 
his fellow-townsmen accompanied him for a short distance on his 
road, t Hahnemann and his bride travelled toward Paris as 
father and son, the lady again assuming her masculine attire.f 
They reached Paris the last of June or the first week in July, 
and at once settled in a house situated near the Garden of the 
Luxembourg. || He did not reside long in this comparatively 
small house, but soon removed to a larger and more elegant 
mansion at No. i Rue de Milan. 

*Honi. fFor/rf, Vol. xxiv., p. 502. 
t " Leben und Wirken," p. 74. 
X Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxxvi., p. 301. 
\\Brit. Jour. Hom.^ Vol. xxii., p. 678. 


In a letter dated Paris, Jiil}^ 13, 1835,* Dr. Peschier says: 
"Thanks to God, our venerable Master Hahnemann has ar- 
rived safe and sound. * * * j remember my former intro- 
duction in the country, when he received me in a manner so 
affecting, so paternal; I know not how to describe the feelings 
of pleasure and of respect that conference produced. How much 
soul and goodness his countenance expressed. He seems happy 
in his determination to come to France; his marriage has in all 
ways proven a happy one; his young wife is prodigal in the most 
intelligent, assiduous and tender attention to his wants. How 
is it possible to spread unworthy calumny about such a noble 
character. He thus replied to an Allopath who had approached 
him filled with spleen: 'Sir, I am come to Paris to rest myself 
and to see what I will do next.' 

"He has decided to remain here to labor for Homoeopathy. 
He wishes to found a dispensary by voluntary subscription for 
those natives of France who desire the Homoeppathic treatment. 
If each Homoeopathic physician would interest himself no doubt 
the necessary amount could be raised. The Homoeopathic Society 
of Paris paid Hahnemann an honorary visit. He afterwards 
addressed them. He recommends the study of the German 
language in order that they may the better understand the prin- 
ciples of our science, and may trace to their sources the experi- 
ments regarding the therapeutic employment of remedies." 

Peschier also mentions his love for France and his wish to 
spread Homoeopathy there as the reason for his arrival; of his 
painstaking in prescribing; of his trust and faith in God and his 
desire to worthily employ his talents to further his method of 
healing; he mentions Hahnemann's announcement to the French 
physicians that he would devote two hours one day in the week 
to answering all the questions that they might wish to ask him 
about Homoeopathy. 

Madame Hahnemann at once set about obtaining for her hus- 
band the right to practice in Paris, and through her influence 
with M. Guizot, the Minister at that time, she soon succeeded. 
Albrecht says:t '' "^^^^ General Gazette of Prussia publishes the 
following report, October 12, 1835: "By a Royal edict of August 

**' Bibliotheque Homoeopatbique," Vol. v., p. 320. 
t Albrecht's " Lebeu aud Wirken," p. 77. 


21,* permission to practice medicine is given to Dr. Hahnemann, 
who has resided in Paris for several months." 

Le Temps, of Paris, contains the following article in relation 
to the report: " At last the Homoeopathists have to a certain 
extent won their process. After permission was denied them to 
dispense their own medicines, as well as to open a special clinic, 
they have brought their old Master to Paris; and in doing this 
the wishes of Madame Hahnemann, herself, have been of ad- 
mirable service. He allowed himself to be patiently led by his 
wife, and exchanged Coethen for Paris. 

" Hahnemann has found some zealous pupils in Paris; and 
others from the Provinces and from Kngland have hastened 
hither to see, admire and honor their Master. This man has 
already presided at one public convention and now a second is 
announced, at which the patriarch can be seen very conveniently. 
In order to practice his healing art in Paris Hahnemann needed 
permission from the Government. This has now been courte- 
ously granted to him through the intercession of M. Guizot. No 
one need wonder at this, for Dr. Hahnemann is as good a doc- 
trinaire as M. Guizot. Hahnemann's doctrine consists in pre- 
scribing to his patients medicaments in as small doses as the 
Mininisterial doctrijiaire dispenses freedom to the country. It 
is said to be difficult to gain access to Dr. Hahnemann, and that 
he is accessible only through his wife. It is also said that he sells 
his advice very dear, asking ten louis d' or for each consultation. 
It is obvious that opposing forces are in contact with each other 
in this healing method also." 

On the 15th, i6th, 17th of September, 1835, there was a meet- 
ing of the Gallican Homoeopathic Society for the purpose of ex- 
tending to Hahnemann a welcome to Paris, and to show the 
great esteem in which he was held.f On the 15th a deputation 
waited upon Hahnemann and his wife and invited them to be 
present at a public reunion of the society. 

Hahnemann, who had been elected honorary president, was 
introduced, and took his place upon the platform. M. Simon 
then read Hahnemann's opening address, which was as follows : 

"I am come into France for the propagation of Homoeopathy, 
and I am most happy to meet so many of you. 

*In " The British and Foreign Medical Directory" by George Atkin, 
1853, this date is given as August 31, 
i;Hygea, Vol. iii., p 277, 379. 


"In the name of all Homoeopaths, I thank the Government of 
France for the liberty it has accorded to our meetings and our 
work. I hope to increase the numbers of those who will prove 
the excellence of our art, and who then will grant us the means 
to practice it successfully for the greater benefit of humanity. 

"In a document which I will shortly prepare, I will speak to 
the public concerning Homoeopathy, that malevolence and errors 
have prevented them from perfectly understanding. I will speak 
of what a Homoeopathist must be and what powers he must exer- 
cise in the practice of an art so beneficent. 

"I will only acknowledge as disciples those who practice pure 
Homoeopathy, and give medicine absolutely free from the 
powerful mixtures employed b}' the old school of medicine. In 
the name of my long-continued experience, I affirm that the 
public will not give its trust until the zealous disciples of my 
doctrine who hear entirely renounce that medical homicide. 

"My long and successful practice, attested by my records, 
which I offer in evidence, prove that pure Homoeopathy practiced 
by those who have studied deeply and who exactly understand 
it, suffices alone for all the wants of suffering hutDanit3\ 

"I thank the Gallican Society for their labors. I see with 
great pleasure among its members industrious and zealous 
men who will continue that which they have so happily com- 

"I am deeply affected by the proofs of attachment which I 
have received from all the members composing it. I will unite 
with the zeal which animates them and I will second their ef- 
forts for the propagation of our divine art ; because age which 
has never diminished its march, has not chilled my heart, nor 
enfeebled my mind, and Homoeopathy will always be to me an 

"As to the Society of Paris, if it has hitherto, with some ex- 
ceptions which I shall be pleased to understand, been slow to 
wish for a more profound instruction in our art, it is without 
doubt on account of the newness of the appearance of Homoeo- 
pathy in Paris. In exhorting the members of that society to an 
indispensable redoublement of study, I will observe to them, and 
to you also, that to them who practice the art of saving life, 
to neglect to understand is a crime. 

"Surely am I convinced that this reproach cannot longer be 


advanced; because, animated as you all are with the love of 
humanity, you will neglect nothing to attain the end that we 
propose for ourselves, and which you will certainly obtain if, as 
I deeply wish, you remain united in heart and principles. 

"And you, studious young Frenchmen, that the old errors 
may no longer encompass you, and that your search after truth 
may be no longer difficult, come to me, for I will impart to you 
that truth much sought for, that divine revelation of a principle 
of eternal nature. It is to existing facts that I appeal to con- 
vince you; but these facts do not expect to acquire except by 
means of conscientious study, and success will be complete 
and assured; then, like myself, you will bless Providence for the 
immense benefaction that it has permitted to descend upon earth 
by my humble interposition, fori have been nothing but a feeble 
instrument of that Majesty before which all should humiliate 

This address was greeted with much enthusiasm. Afterwards 
Dr. Pierre Dufresne delivered the presidential address, and the 
the regular business of the society was transacted. 

The " Societe Gallicane " was organized in 1832; it was a 
National Society and held meetings in different cities. The first 
two sessions were held in Geneva, the third at L,yons, the last, 
in 1835, at Paris. No more meetings were held. Hahnemann's 
title of President d'Honneure then bestowed was continued dur- 
ing his life, and always when he was present at a meeting he 
took the chair. After his death this title was conferred on Dr. 
Quin of England. t 

After the session on September 17 was ended a banquet, at 
which all the members of the society were present, was given, 
and which Hahnemann honored with his own presence. Among 
the toasts given was the following: " To the speedy union of Al- 
lopaths and Homoeopaths. " "AT union prochaine des Allopathes 
et des Homeopathes, a la justice que les premiers ne tarderont 
pas a rendreanos efforts constans par activer les progres de I'art 
de guerir." {Bibl. Horn., Vol. vi., p. 25.) 

About this time Dr. Kretzschmar, a Homoeopathic physician, 
published in a French Homoeopathic journal an article entitled: 

* Bibliotheque Hotnceopathique, Paris, 1835, Vol. vi., p. 29. Allgemeine 
horn. Zeitung, Vol. viii., p. 178. 

t " Anuals of Brit. Horn. Society," Vol. i., Report 2. 


"Is an alliance possible between HomcEopathy and Allopathy?"^ 

In this he maintained that under certain circumstances it was 
wise and even necessary to use auxiliaries such as leeches, 
sinapisms, and even bleeding, in connection with the Hom- 
oeopathic remedies. He says : " Is this Allopathizing? No, it 
is having recourse to palliatives in cases of necessity. Borrowing 
from the old school some harmless palliatives is not Allopathiz- 
ing; and whilst considering such borrowing useful and necessary 
I have no hesitation in affirming that there is no alliance possible 
between Allopathy and Homoeopathy y 

Hahnemann, in the Bibliotheque Homceopathique of the same 
year (1835), answered the article, and as this answer very dis- 
tinctly .states his opinion at this time on the subject of palliatives 
and accessory treatment, it is here given in full.f 

"I invite all my true disciples to publish their opinions on the 
article of Dr. Kretzschmar, and I shall set them an example. 

"The employment of mixtures of medicines, an association, 
the inconvenience of which is felt even by persons unconnected 
with the profession, is not the only motive which should make 
us reject Allopathy, seeing that it feels no hesitation in oppress- 
ing life, oftentimes irreparably, by means of a single medicine, 
for instance Calomel. 

"It also deserves this fate, in consequence of the other pro- 
cesses by which it exhausts the strength and the humors of the 
diseased body, by means either of blood letting, of sudorifics, 
hot baths, etnetics and purgatives or painful processes, as caute- 
ries, vesicatories, sinapisms, acupuncture, moxa, etc., processes 
which all debilitate beyond belief the vital force, the energy of 
which, combined with the action of a well-selected remedy, can 
alone effect a cure. 

' ' Homoeopathy alone knows and teaches that the cure is to 
be effected only by means of the entire force still existing in the 
patient, when a medicine perfectly Homoeopathic to the present 
case of disease, and administered in the proper dose, causes this 
force to exert its curative activity. 

"One of the most inestimable advantages of Homoeopathy is 
to husband as much as possible this vital force, which is indis- 

* Archives de la Medicine Homceopathique, Paris, 1835, Vol. ii., p. 177. 
t" Etudes de Medicine Homceopathique," Hartuug, Paris, 1850, p. 266. 
Horn Times, Loudon, Vol. i., p. 249. 


pensable to the cure in the course of treatment. It is this which 
places it above all the Allopathic methods. It alone then avoids 
all those means ruinous to life, which are never necessary and 
constantl}' adverse to the end aimed. 

" That Homceopathist must know very little of his profession, 
he must be very incapable of selecting remedies and of employing 
them properly, not to know, without thus mismanaging his 
patients, how to cure them in a manner infinitely more sure, 
more prompt and more perfect than the most noted physicians of 
the old school. 

"For the last forty years I have not let one drop of blood, nor 
applied rubefacients or vesicatories, nor practiced cauterization 
nor acupuncture. I have never exhausted my patients' strength 
by hot baths; I have never abstracted from them their best vital 
juices by sudorifics; I have never had occasion to scour out their 
body and ruin their digestive organs by emetics and purgatives; 
and yet I have cured with so much success, even under the eyes 
of my enemies, who would not have failed to show up the least 
false step, that public confidence brings me patients of all 
classes, from the nearest as well as the most remote countries. 

" My conscience is clear; it bears testimony to me that I have 
sought the good of suffering humanity; that I have always done 
and taught what appeared to me to be best, and that I have 
never had recourse to Allopathic processes, to indulge my patients 
and not to drive them from me; I love my fellow-creatures too 
well and the repose of my conscience to act so. 

"Those who will imitate me, as I act on the verge of the grave, 
will be able, like me, to await with calm confidence the moment 
of reposing their head in the bosom of the earth, to yield up 
their soul to a God whose omnipotence must make the wicked 
man tremble in his heart." 






Hahnemann now not only saw patients at his home but made 
regular professional visits, a thing he had not done for some 
3'ears in Coethen. 

His life was one of very great activity. From the cloister- 
like stillness of the quiet house in Coethen, where he only went 
out to visit his royal patient, to the din and excitement of a 
fashionable practice in the gayest city in the world. What a 
change! And not alone his practice; every year of his life in 
Paris had its red-letter day, in which the old scholar was hon- 
ored by his disciples. 

His birthday, the anniversary of his graduation so many years 
ago in the fatherland — in fact, any day that could serve as an 
excuse for testifying to the universal reverence in which he was 
held. His ante rooms were constantly crowded with people. 
He was visited by his disciples from distant parts of the world. 
He did not write any more books after he came to Paris; he 
revised and published the second edition of the " Chronic 
Diseases," and, it is said, revised and prepared the manuscript 
for a sixth edition of the "Organon," which has as yet never 
been published. 

But he had already fully explained his discovery and plainly 
laid down rules for its successful practice. It seems fitting that 
in the last brilliant years of the Paris life the Master should 
enjoy somev/hat of that luxury that had before been denied him. 
If, as Hahnemann says in his will, he came to Paris to rest and 
not to practice, then was fate too powerful for him; for never before 
had his practice been so large. This fact has been urged against 
the disinterestedness of Madame Hahnemann; that she knew 
could she but get the old man to Paris she could make of him a 
gold producer, and that this promise of rest she never desired 
nor intended to fulfill. 

Might it not, however, be nearer the truth, that after Hahne- 
mann had been for a short time in Paris, had appreciated the 


eagerness with which people desired his services, and had rather 
tired of a life of comparative idleness, that it was by his own 
wish that he again entered active practice ? Is it not, when we 
look at the whole previous life of the man, more probable that 
he really was happier in leading the gay and active life he did 
in Paris than if he had indeed sat down to the slippered ease of 
old age. 

Soon after his establishment Dr. Peschier published the fol- 
lowing article in volume six of the Bibliotheque Homoeopathique 
for 1835: 

"The Master has finally reached Paris, but he has not come 
like many distinguished men of the past and present to make a 
display or advance the celebrity of his name. Hahnemann, 
conducted by his French spouse, of the noblest French and 
Parisian, has come to the capital to obtain rest from his immense 
practical labors and to live as inconspicuously as possible, and 
to quietly conclude a scientific production written by himself in 
French and destined to present his doctrine in a light best 
adapted to the genius and spirit of the French people. Homoe- 
opathy, as a medical doctrine, has been for a num'ber of years 
the object of numerous attacks; the Homoeopathists themselves 
have discussed the theory of its author, have rejected certain 
peculiarities, and have substituted difierent ideas. Hahnemann 
has not yet taken the trouble to answer these different critics, 
and has allowed their objections to accumulate; it is now pre- 
sumed that he will discuss these cavillings and will dedicate his 
energies to the creation of a work in which he will arrange his 
reflections anew, and will present an argumentative array of tes- 
timony perfectly ample to silence unjust or incompetent criticism. 

"I have stated that Hahnemann desired to remain incon- 
spicuous; in confirmation it is true that he took such precau- 
tions that his most faithful Parisian disciples, those who would 
have esteemed it the highest pleasure to have welcomed him, 
were ignorant of his arrival for a fortnight or more. 

"He selected a residence out of the way; he made no visits; 
he even denied himself his wonted and necessary exercise, but a 
renown like his own traverses distance and penetrates walls. In 
brief time his dwelling has become known, and at this moment 
his portal, as in Germany, is besieged by the multitudes who 
esteem health as the first of human blessings. 


"But a faithful guardian watches over him night and day, his 
wife, who will not allow the precious moments and days to be 
scattered and wasted for the interest of individuals; consultations 
are not indistinctly allowed, and in the audiences that are de- 
manded Hahnemann well knows what is due the scientific 
world, and the time required for labor of his head and his pen 
must not be given to private consultations. 

" We are glad to be able to say that the illustrious old man 
enjoys the happiness very rarely granted to men and especially to 
savants, in that he relishes the many delights and gifts of life at 
an age that is usually only marked by infirmities and privations. 
Hahnemann is in full possession of his senses, and his intellect- 
ual faculties were never clearer at any time in his life; his 
health, perfect in all points, is a most convincing proof of the 
benefits of the Homoeopathic regimen followed by him; at eighty 
years of age he possesses all the bodily vigor desirable, and does 
not feel the Slightest discomfort. He is the object of the greatest 
solicitude and attention from his new wife, and we do not hesi- 
tate to say regarding this lady that it is a veritable adoration 
filling her whole life. Hahnemann is for her more than man, 
she worships him; we cannot express this sentiment by any 
other expression; she consecrates to him every moment of her 
life; she never leaves him; she is his shadow; she has become 
his alter ego. Gifted in a very great degree, speaking fluently 
many languages, among them German, she formerly occupied 
herself with poetry, she paints in oil with rare talent (she has 
executed a portrait of the great man bearing the most exact 
resemblance),* she now applies all the force of her mind to the 
study of Homoeopathy, and possessed of a most excellent memory 
she is able to narrate promptlj'^ to the learned physician the 
symptoms recorded in the Materia Medica corresponding to the 
diseases. She has become capable of tabulating morbid symp- 
toms with great exactitude; in the same manner that she has be- 
come the hand of Hahnemann has she also become his head. 

"Knowing all this, one can readily understand this admirable 
woman. She receives the respect of all the Homoeopaths. On 
one formal occasion when they were received by the master she 
extended her regards to all the enthusiastic disciples, the adorers, 

*An engraving from this was published in Dudgeon's translation of the 
"Organon," London, 1847. 


SO to Speak, she regards them all as friends. It is difficult to 
describe the grace with which she did the honors at a fete given 
to Hahnemann by the Homoeopaths residing in Paris. Hahne- 
mann received his friends with great courtesy, and she had a 
kindly word of welcome for every one. * * * Hahnemann 
will not return to Coethen."* 

During the year 1835, among other distinguished patients, 
Hahnemann treated and cured the I^ord Paget, Marquis of 
Anglesey, of facial neuralgia. The account appeared in the 
New York Albion in 1848. Dr. John T. Temple published it in 
his Homoeopathic journal and saysrf "To ascertain the ac- 
curacy of this account we applied to Dr. Hull, editor of the Hom- 
oeopathic Examiner, who, while in England, acquired a personal 
knowledge of the fact, and he has obligingly favored me with the 
following memorandum: 

" 'It cannot fail to give unfeigned pleasure to learn that the 
Marquis of Anglesey has fully recovered from the dreadful tic- 
douloureux with which he has for so many years been afflicted. 
The malady appeared soon after this gallant nobleman submitted 
to amputation of the leg, which was shattered in the battle of 
Waterloo, and assumed after a few years the most aggravated 
form of prosopalgia Fothergilii, affecting the right side of the 
face. The cure was effected by the celebrated author of Homoeo- 
pathy, Hahnemann. The Marquis applied to this venerable 
physician in 1835, at the instigation of his medical attendant, 
Dr. Dunsford, of I^ondon, after having tried the ordinary methods 
under the ablest masters in Europe for sixteen years. The par- 
oxysms for a long time previous to the application of the Ho- 
moeopathic method had recurred at intervals of from six to ten 
minutes only, night and day, and had reduced the brave old 
nobleman to a mere wreck of his former self. The Marquis has 
had no relapse whatever since the cure, which occupied a few 
months, , and has enjoyed uninterrupted health for nearly five 
years, having wholly recovered his flesh, strength and constitu- 
tional vigor.' " 

Dr. Wm. Tod Helmuth also alludes to this wonderful cure. % 

* Bibliotheque Homaopathique, 1836, Vol. vi , p. 118. Hygea., Vol. iii.,' 
P- 392. 

^Southwestern Horn. Journal and Review , St. Louis, 1848, Vol. i., p. 81. 
%N. Am. Jour. Horn., Vol. xix., p. 534. 


Stoequeler, in his "Life of the Duke of Wellington," says: 
"The gallant Anglesey precedes the Life Guards, a cannon shot 
takes off his leg." He afterwards became Lord Lieutenant of 

The year 1836 was memorable by reason of the presentation 
by the French Homoeopathic physicians of a medal to Hahne- 
mann. In the Allgemehie Zeitung, Vol. ix., appears the fol- 
lowing:* "The French Homoeopathic physicians have honored 
Hahnemann and expressed their pleasure at his settling among 
them by presenting him with a medal on which is his bust. 
This they did in deputation, waiting upon him for the purpose." 
This item or account appears in a letter written to the German 
journal, dated Paris, July 15, 1836. 

Albrecht says: "Among the almost innumerable proofs that 
Hahnemann and his wife, who most zealously aided him in his 
medicinal and medical endeavors, quite to as great an extent as 
he had been accustomed to have it done by his daughter, suc- 
ceeded perfectly in subduing and captivating the hearts of the 
French people, it is to be mentioned that the Homoeopathic phy- 
sicians living m France had a medal struck containing Hahne- 
mann's bust, in order to honor him and to thank him for settling 
in their Fatherland. This medal was presented to him by a depu- 
tation about the middle of 1836. 

"In France, also, the loth of August was also celebrated as a 
holiday by the adherents, friends and reverers of Homoeopathy. 
The springs of enthusiasm welled up more and more copiously on 
these occasions. 

"Two French poems, which were veritable masterpieces of 
their kind, demonstrated clearly that the enthusiasm reached 
a singularly high pitch. 

"Only upon Napoleon have we read odes, which breathe equal 
heartiness and truthfulness of feeling and warmth of ardor." 

Hahnemann still remembered Germany, and in a letter to 
Stapf, from Paris, in 1836, again alludes to the hospital contro- 
versy of 1833:! "Many thanks for sending me the first volume 
of your 'Contributions to the Pure Materia Medica.' I value 
them highly; and also for the third part of the fifteenth volume 

* Allg. horn. ZeiL, Vol. ix., p. 112 (August i, 1836). 
t Albrecht's " Leben uud Wirken," p. 78. 
%Honi. World, Vol. xxvi., p. 116. 


of your Archiv, which gives promise of a reaction against the 
sansculottism of the superlatively clever perverters of our ex- 
perience-proved HomcEopathy. I never cared to engage in 
polemics. If I once broke my resolution (when I attempted in 
vain to set Dr. Kretzschmar right), I am determined never to do 
so again. 

"My disciples will perform this duty instead of me, if they 
have any regard for the propagation of our divine art and for 
their own honor. No defensive article is needed for me. I only 
beg the shameless, ignorant assailants of the present day to bear 
in mind the experinientium corucis, that they should prove their 
own qualifications to speak on the subject of Homoeopathy by 
their deeds — real quick, frequent cases of serious diseases. Mere 
arguing, contemptuous utterances and faultfinding with the 
better method and arrogant presumption are no qualifications. 
I trust that the best of my followers will put them to shame and 
by degrees overcome them. 

"Your additions to Anacardium, etc., which you kindly com- 
municated to me, have been utilized by me for, and incorporated 
into, the second edition of the 'Chronic Diseases,' as you no 
doubt have seen in the second part of that edition. 

"In respect to that also the inimical spirit of Trinks has been 
very evident. It must have been by his devilish interference 
that Arnold let my manuscript lie so long unprinted. It was 
only after an innumerable quantity of worrying letters and 
threats of legal prosecution that, after two whole years, I got 
him to go to press; but he only printed the first two parts (alto- 
gether thirty six sheets). 

"Then Arnold became bankrupt; he could not continue the 
publication, and Trinks's devilish object, to hinder the appear- 
ance of the work, was attained. However, it will soon see the 
light through another publisher. I believe it will be a profitable 

"I live here with my dear wife, healthy, happy and honored, 
and shall be always delighted to hear good news of the well- 
being of yourself and amiable family. 

" Your friend, 

"Sam. Hahnemann. 

''^ Paris, November i^, 1S36. 

"I return you the AUentown Correspojidenzblatt with thanks. 


There I have zealous, pure followers. Soon they will surpass 

" If our Gross has not put his name along with the rest to the 
Magdeburg declaration of the loth of August, then you may re- 
member me kindly to him." 

The second edition of the "Chronic Diseases," Vols. I. and 
II. was published in 1835, by Schaub, at Dusseldorf ; the third 
volume in 1S37; the fourth in 1838; the fifth in 1839. But two 
editions were ever published in the German. 



In 1836 Dr. Henry Detwiller visited Hahnemann in order to 
interest him in the welfare of the then newly opened Allentown 
Academy of Medicine. 

He held several interviews with him and a reception was 
held at Hahnemann's house in regard to the matter, but nothing 
was done to aid the Institution.* 

At a banquet tendered the Homoeopathic Medical Society of 
Pennsylvania, at Easton, September 8, 1880, the venerable Dr. 
Henry Detwiller, then eighty-five years of age, made the follow- 
ing after dinner speech concerning his visit to Hahnemann : f 

"Now past forty- four years I sailed to Europe, entrusted my 
practice to the care of Dr. N. Wohlfart, a Homoeopath, and my 
family in the charge of my brother, then in the village of Heller- 
town, twelve miles from here. My main object was to interview 
Dr. S. Hahnemann in Paris, Professor Schoenlein in Zurich, and 
Professor Werber in Freyburg, in the interest of the Allentown 
Academy of the Homoeopathic Healing Art. 

"Dr. Hahnemann and lady received me with marked kind- 
ness, and he was very much surprised at our enterprise in 
establishing an Institute to teach Homoeopathy, more so when I 
told him that Dr. C. Hering was the pivot of the enterprise. I 

*"Traus. World's Horn. Conveution," 1876, Vol. ii., p. 783. 

fThe compiler is indebted to Dr. J. C. Guernse}' for the use of the origi- 
nal manuscript in Dr. Detwiller's handwriliug, of which the above is a 


solicited his advice if it were probable to obtain material aid 
amongst the friends in Europe in subscribing stock, to which he 
answered that he would take the matter in due consideration, 
and held forth the hope to do something till my next visit. 

"On my next visit, in October, 1836, he stated his inability 
to obtain, or to give himself, pecuniary aid, but he would send us 
his life-size marble statue then just in course of sculpture by the 
famous sculptor David, in Paris. He kept his word, but by 
shipwreck the statue was lost. On my departure he implored 
God's blessing to our enterprise, and madanie, with a parting 
kiss, joined with the imploration that the good work begun 
might prosper and spread like the Christian religion all over the 
world. The result you all know." 

Among the very interesting collection of Hahnemann's letters, 
translated by the indefatigable Dr. R. B. Dudgeon, is one writ- 
ten to our own Dr. Hering soon after the arrival of the Master 
in Paris:* 
"To Dr. Hering. 

" Truest and most Zealous Propagator of our Art! — An adverse 
fate has apparently caused to be lost and not allowed to reach 
you my two letters to you; the first, thanking you for electing 
me honorary president of the Hahnemann Society of Philadelphia, 
and for sending me a diploma; the second, giving a detailed ac- 
count of my disagreeable relations with the German Homoeopaths. 
The first was sent by the Prussian Post Office in Hamburg, the 
second by the Homoeopath in Bremerlehe. I am now very much 
nearer to you on account of the sure and regular communication 
from this place through Havre. 

"I am in Paris, and may settle here. My incomparable second 
wife, a model of science, art, industry, with the noblest heart 
and intellect, and filled with unspeakable love for myself, from 
her youth honored and valued by the most highly esteemed 
people here, Marie Melanie d'Hervilly, makes what remains to 
me of life a heaven upon earth, since the i8th January, 1835, in 
Coethen, and since the 25th June, 1835, in Paris. She is already 
so skillful in our divine healing art, and such a zealous student 
of it, that she has already effected a number of splendid cures of 
the most difficult chronic diseases among the poor. All this has 

* Horn. World, Vol. xxvi., p. 74. " Aunals Brit. Horn. Society," Vol. iv. 
p. 172. 


made me at heart ten years younger, and for forty years I have 
not enjoyed such unalloyed health as since then. My Melanie 
anticipates all my wishes and needs, without waiting for a hint 
from me — she is an angel in human form ! 

"I have met here a number of so-called Homoeopaths; they 
indeed confidently call themselves so, but are and continue to be 
mostly charlatans. But among the others in the provinces, of 
whom there is a considerable number, there are many good 
ones. The better Homoeopathic school at Geneva wanted to per- 
suade me to endeavor to convert those here by means of stirring 
appeals and controversial writings. But I never had any inclina- 
tion for that sort of thing, and never shall have. I chose to act 
in another way. I cured, which of course they couldn't do, a 
number of very highly distinguished persons of the most serious 
diseases, which not only gained me immense renown (which is 
very remarkable in so short a time in this immense city), but 
which also put a stop to the persecution of the influential half- 
Homoeopaths here who pursued me with scorn and calumny, and 
stirred up the honest converts to study our art in a genuine and 
thorough manner. Every Monday evening I invite the better 
sort to assemble in my beautiful drawing-room adorned with the 
finest collection of pictures, and I hold friendly converse with 
them on the most important points on which they need instruc- 
tion, for I now speak French pretty fluently — which it was 
rather difficult for me to learn at my advanced age. All this 
shocked and silenced the Royal Academy of Medicine, who, 
before I came here, had pronounced a sentence of excommunica- 
tion against Homoeopathy in a decree intended as an answer to a 
letter addressed to them by M. Guizot, the Minister of Public 
Instruction, in which he asks them whether hospitals and schools 
for Homoeopathy should not be instituted. This ancient body, 
composed of so-called committees of Allopaths, will eventually 
cut but a sorry figure in the history of medicine. They are 
almost without exception the most barbarous bleeders and leech- 
appliers. They do, teach, and know nothing else. Broussais' 
false teaching has for the last twenty years turned them into 
shameless murderers; whilst Broussais himself is now beginning 
to repudiate his own doctrine and to incline to Homoeopathy. 
In establishing his frightful blood-letting method he completely 
destroyed the whole system of drug-prescribing, so that the 


apothecaries here have a wretched part to play. The 1,300 
French Allopaths here give their patients, instead of medicine, 
nothing but a solution of gum Arabic, called eau de gotnme, and 
subject them to a starvation diet. This will eventually prove 
very advantageous to Homoeopathy. 

" TheGriesselich schism, which has already spread extensively 
in Germany, has taken root here too. Everything that can 
prostitute the practice of the most difficult of all human arts, 
encourage caprice, avarice, and laziness, and destroy love for 
one's fellow- creatures, is attributable to this false doctrine. Such 
a wicked perversion of our holy doctrine was unavoidable among 
the baser sort of men; it is full of attractions for them. 

"But the day will come when a discerning posterity shall 
regard it with contempt — parturiuntmontes nascetur ridiculus mus — 
the boasted effect, the real cure of serious diseases, does not take 
place. Hence I have never troubled myself about it. Bragging, 
boasting, promising grand things may for a while excite atten- 
tion and gain adherents in many of the so-called arts (as formerly 
in the art of making gold), but in the healing art all this avails 
nought; here cures must be made. The public rightly demands 
facta, and that is just what Griesselichism cannot give. 

"I have made some improvements in the technicalities of our 
art, which I will uo^n first communicate to you. Before Aegidi's 
suggestion I was in the habit of giving the globule or globules 
dissolved in water, so that the patient might take them or it in 
divided portions. Now, as my medicines are very powerful, I 
dissolve seldom more than one globule in 7, 15, 20, 30 table- 
spoonfuls of water, and, because the patient has no distilled 
water (which, besides, after a few days becomes spoilt and fer-. 
ments), I employ spring or river water for this purpose, mixed 
with i-i5th or i-2oth part of spirits of wine, or I put three or 
four small pieces of hard wood charcoal into the solution. This 
mixture, of which the patient affected with a chronic malady 
takes a tablespoonful every day or every other day, or i, 2 or 3 
teaspoonfuls, is to be shaken in the bottle five or six times every 
time a dose is taken, in order to change the degree of dynamiza- 
tion each time. The effect of this is that the vital force of the 
patient assimilates the remedy more kindly. When the patient 
has taken all the mixture, and the same medicine seems still to 
be required, I never repeat it in the same potency, but always in 


another, generally a lower potency.* Thus, for instance, I have 
often been able to administer Sidphur daily for months at a time 
with the most astonishingly good effects. And so also all other 
well-indicated medicines, as long as they continued to do good. 
But as there are some maladies which require more energetic 
action than can be obtained by internal administration or by 
olfaction — e. g., remains of apparently cured cutaneous disease, 
unattended by morbid sensations, or old malignant affections of 
another kind, either external or internal — I use the same 
medicinal solution, which was prepared for internal administra- 
tion and which proved most useful when so given, for external 
friction on a considerable surface of the skin where it appears to 
be most healthy. A half or a whole tablespoonful at a time is to 
be rubbed on an apparently healthy arm, leg or thigh by the 
patient himself or by a friendly powerful person, until the wetted 
hand becomes dry. It is inconceivable how much more one can 
do by this method. But this medicinal fluid must also be suc- 
cussed five or six times before each application. 

"So much for this time. Probably you yourself have already 
adopted this plan in the case of old, obstinate diseases. 

"I do not know or learn much in my present circumstances, as 
I have very little time left for reading. 

"I am very pleased to hear about your fine Institution, your 
Homoeopathic Academy in AUentown. Already you beat every- 
thing we can show in Europe in that way. Your Correspondenz- 
Bldtter, nine of which you have kindly sent me, are very practi- 
cal, and written in an excellent spirit. But be very careful that 
your colleagues write good German. Aphoristic brevity has its 
limits; it will not do to leave out the necessary articles nor yet 
the prepositions. That the Academy is German in its origin 
and should so remain is a patriotic arrangement and is of ad- 
vantage to the art, for it came from heaven on German soil and 
may reckon on getting further additions from thence, when the 
unseemly follies which at present deform it, and which have 

* [Hahnemauu here means by lower, a less (not as formerly a more) 
diluted preparation, as we find on reference to his latest directions for re- 
peating the medicine in the third part of the second edition of his Chronic 
Diseases, published the following year. Indeed, the directions given in this 
letter are a mere abridgment of what he says in that part of the work 
referred to. A translation of these final technical changes in Hahnemann's 
practice will be found in Dudgeon's edition of the Organon, p. 295, note.] 


their origin in impudence, ignorance, vanity and laziness, shall 
be exposed in all their nakedness and emptiness. 

' ' I thank you for the Rhiis vernix and Cistus ca7iadensis you 
sent me. I will endeavor to prove them. But I would more 
partiailarly request you to send me the third trituration of Lachesis 
and Crotalus, for the knowledge of which we are indebted to 
America and to you. How much have we not to thank you for 

"It is a great grief to me that I cannot get the remaining third 
and fourth parts of the second edition of my Chronic Diseases 
published. Arnold (probably instigated by Trinks) made me 
wait two long years for the first two parts; and then he could go 
no further, being impoverished by his own fault, and so he gave 
up the further publication. Must I, in the 82d year of my age, 
go begging for a publisher? I,udwig Schumann refused it on ac- 
count of want of means. I doubt if Kohler, in I,eipsic, will accept 
it. I have a large amount of valuable emendations and addi- 
tions in manuscript. I trust you will get a capable man for your 
hospital, who, when he visits his patients, will collect the students 
around him, and dictate the examination of the patients to a 
clerk in their presence, and the changes observed at subsequent 
visits, and give a lecture of an hour or two upon them. Do not 
make post-mortem examinations of the bodies of Allopathic 
patients in order to obtain pathological preparations from them, 
for they can only furnish the results of medicinal mistreatments. 
The autopsies of persons who have died of natural diseases with 
hardly any medical interference can alone be instructive. The 
time of the students should not be wasted with anatomical 
subtleties, nor should botany or chemistry be carried too far. Sit 
modus in rebus ! Schonlein's views — which, as I gather from your 
Blatter, are excellent — might, as you think so highly of them (I 
am not acquainted with them), be advantageously taught in your 
Academy. Do not fear any rival English institute; there are as 
yet no English translations of the chief works. To what works, 
then, could they refer their students? 

"I have, I am sorry to say, received no letter from you except 
your first one. Our good God will certainly bless your great 
undertaking. I know Him! 

"May you continue to enjoy the best of health, for the advan- 
tage of mankind, and may your dear family also prosper! I and 


my beloved wife send you our kindest regards, and I beg to be 
remembered to all your fellow-workers. 

' ' Samuel Hahnemann. 

*' Paris, Rue de Mila?i, October j, i8j6." 

It has been said that Dr. Hering never saw Hahnemann. 
This is not true. It is well known that Hering in the year 1820 
was at Leipsic engaged in study. Dr. C. G. Raue says that he 
has often heard Hering speak of seeing Hahnemann with his wife 
and daughters upon the promenade at Leipsic, his favorite walk. 
But, as Hering at this time was an Allopathic student, he never 
spoke to Hahnemann, and although they were always friends 
they never actually met. 



The following account of Hahnemann appeared in the Allge- 
tneine hoj7i. Zeitu7ig for November 20, 1837:* 

"Dr. Samuel Hahnemann in Paris." 
"Under this heading in the Germa7i Genej-al Gazette of 
Friday, October 6th, 1837, ^ writer who signs himself 'Bn' 
gives to Homoeopathic physicians a very welcome account of 
this distinguished man, to whom we are indebted for so much 
that is great and important in the practice of medicine. The 
editor deems it a duty to impart to the readers everything hav- 
ing reference to Hahnemann, so much the more because they 
even then receive in Germany so little information about the 
founder of Homoeopathy; and he therefore believes that he com- 
mits no mistake in admitting into the Gazette information about 
him which has already been published but has not been noticed 
by all its readers. 

" Hahnemann lives at No. i Rue de Milan. The place is 
beautiful and the surroundings agreeable, just as he always 
liked them to be. His external appearance has remained almost 

*AUg. horn. Zeitung, Vol. xii., p. 120 (Nov. 20, 1837). Volksblatter fur 
horn. Heilverfahren. Wahrhold. Vol. iii., p. 202. 


the same as formerly, neither Paris nor old age having left any 
perceptible impress upon him; and it is to be presumed that his 
mental and bodily activity will be maintained at its unusual 
strength and vitality for an uncommonly long period. 

" It may be difficult to decide whether his audience of office 
patients is as large as some assert, who regret that his advanced 
age must succumb to impracticable exertions, or whether we 
may believe a less enthusiastic portion of the people, who main- 
tain that he has a select circle of patients and from among the 
higher ranks; but this much is certain that the ante-room to his 
office is always filled and that a newcomer has to wait for hours 
until it is his turn to be admitted. 

"Hahnemann never curtails that thorough examination of 
the patient so earnestly recommended by himself, and each one 
thus takes up more time than is the case in the offices of other 
physicians. It is noticeable that he now also visits patients in 
the city. He formerly was but little inclined to make such vis- 
itations. A regard for his health, which might be slightly 
endangered by constant sitting, ought to have determined him 
to take such exercise. 

" The magnitude of this recognition on the part of the public 
is not real, however, if it depends on an estimation of its scien- 
tific standpoint in general, and of its relations to the Homoeo- 
pathic medical public in particular. It is relatively of the 
greatest importance for the contending and disputing parties and 
tendencies respectively in Homoeopath}^ that the author does 
not seem at all disposed to lend an open ear to the additional 
facts and instructions proffered to him, with more or less discre- 
tion, or for a long period, by the adherents of his doctrines. He 
knows how to cling resolutely to the truth, not only of his gen- 
erally received fundamental tenets, but also to the rejection of 
the old pathology, and especially nosology (a characteristic 
feature of the Hahnemannian practice); in a word, he will know 
how to protect against the common methods of treating disease, 
and especially against every beginning in accordance with the 
old school. 

"This is not the place, nor is it my design, to criticise the 
different parties in Homoeopathy, and therefore we must pass 
over the importance of the reasons which make him the greatest 
scientific reformer known to history. But it may be permitted 


to State here that the question is far from being settled by the 
common so-called scientific arguments of which Homoeopathic 
literature begins to receive a superabundance and also that in 
the eager but not therefore unscientific pursuit of Hahnemannic 
tenets the way is opened to a research not as yet anticipated, 
and absolutely incalculable in its results. Unfortunately this 
party has now but one representative of importance in Hahne- 
mann himself, though Boenninghausen may possibly be added 
to the number. (If the laity in medicine are to be counted among 
the representatives of this party, then there are many more of 
them. — Ed.) At all events this small number of professionals is 
to be deplored, and can be explained only by the defective dis- 
cernment of physicians with respect to the vast importance of 
the matter, and by the very great difficulty in the practice of 
this profession. (May not these be the real reasons? — Ed.) 

" Hahnemann's eager zeal for his cause and strenuous opposi- 
tion to his enemies are still the same as formerly. * * * 

"The continuation of Hahnemann's ' Chronic Diseases ' fur- 
nishes a proof of his enduring activity in the aim which he has 
so long pursued. (Third volume, second edition.) This work 
is carefully executed in his own hand-writing and with minute 
industry. A mere glance at the volume (third) last published 
will suffice to convince one of the careful and thoroughly sys- 
tematic elaboration of the material and of the critical aim. 

" It would bean important loss to mankind, although many 
seem to be unwilling to acknowledge it, if Hahnemann should 
be prevented from completing this highly important work, a 
second revised edition of which is now in course of publication. 

"The completion of a plan already promising to be successful 
would be of the greatest consequence to Hahnemann's doctrine. 
This plan is the erection in Paris of a vast hospital which is to 
be under his supervision and direction, and to have its physi- 
cians appointed by himself. 

" Herein would be found the opportunity to verify on a large 
scale what is isolatedly reported from so many directions about 
the brilliant results of Homoeopathy. Whatever might be the 
result, science could only be won over by such an enterprise, 
and every physician seeking the truth, of whatever school he 
may be, must heartily wish the speedy promotion of this plan. 
— Bn. " 


The following is an account of his treatment of a patient in 

Under the title of "A Reminiscence of Hahnemann," an ac- 
count is given in the Medical Advance, for April, 1S93, of the 
presentation of a patient of Hahnemann to the students of the 
Hering Medical College of Chicago, February 23, 1893. The 
name of this gentleman is John B. Young, of Clinton, Iowa. 
He was taken from Paisley in Scotland to Paris, and was placed 
under Hahnemann's care when he was twelve years of age. 

He had previously been ill for two years, and had been given 
up by his physicians, when a charitable lady took him to Paris 
by short stages. 

"You went from lyondon to Paris?" 

" Yes, I went from London to Paris." 

"When you arriv'ed in Paris, did you go to see Hahnemann, 
or did Hahnemann come to see you?" 

' "He came to see me the second day after my arrival, and 
gave me an examination that lasted about an hour and a half." 

"Did he strip you?" 

"Yes, I had to go to bed. He went over me more thoroughly 
than I have ever been gone over before or since." 

"Dr. Allen. 'And still it is said that Hahnemann was a 
symptomatologist and usually prescribed for symptoms ; and 
rarely made a physical examination.' " 

"Mr. Young. He would make me count one, two, three, 
etc., up to one hundred, and put an instrument to my chest and 
did the same to my back, and he did more thumping of my chest 
than I ever had before." * >i< >k ^ >lc 

" He said ho: knew that I had come to him in time and he 
could cure me. " 

" Did he give you very much medicine?" 

"Not a very great deal. I think I had medicine about four 
times a day at first, including what I got at night." 

"What was your impression of Hahnemann?" 

" The first impression made on my mind when I saw him was 
that his face had a luminous expression. He looked more to me, 
as I would call it, a divine man — there was divinity about his 
appearance. He was a good man undoubtedly, and I was 
informed that he often when he gave his medicine said to his 
patients that he was but the instrument, that he did the best he 
could and then they must look to God for the blessing." 


" At that time were there many patients visiting Hahnemann 
at his office, and what was the size of his office ?" 

" He had a very large room, and when I was there he had 
some two hours that he met 'counsel patients.' There were 
generally sixty or more patients at any time in his office when I 
was there." 

" Were there any foreigners at that time who came to Hahne- 
mann ?" 

"Oh, many of them. I became acquainted with quite a 
number of his patients. I had been there quite a while and 
there were patients there from America, and Germany, and 
Russia, and a number from my own country, and they were 
there from all parts of the world, and there were a great many 
who expressed themselves to me in this way, that the}' had not 
gone to Hahnemann until they were in the last stage of the 
disease and had been given up by their regular physician. 
Hahnemann got them when, like me, they were pretty nearly 
gone, so that it looked to me more like a place where miracles 
were being performed than anj^ place in which I have ever been, 
and numbers he brought from death into health." 

" He finally cured you?" 

" Yes, I came home strong." 

" How long were you under his care?" 

"About nine months. There is one thing I would like to tell 
about him. Of course I was indebted to Miss Sterling for being 
taken to Paris and placed under his care, and just before she left 
Paris she wanted to settle with Dr. Hahnemann, and of course 
under ordinary circumstances it would have been a large bill she 
would have had to pay. Hahnemann refused to make a bill, and 
when she insisted he said: ' Madam, do you think you have more 
benevolence than I have ? Do you suppose that you should 
have had all the trouble and anxiety and expense of bringing 
him from Paisley and that I should then charge anj^thing.' He 
says, ' No.' " 

"I suppose he received a present that was worth more than 
the bill. That was the disposition of the woman. Mrs. Hahne- 
mann, the young wife, was there to assist. It was in 1837. I 
was put on diet, a special diet for morning and evening. I had 
babies' food; that is, bread and milk and sugar. The bread was 
cut up in small pieces and boiled milk poured over it with sugar 


and allowed to stand a while and soak soft, and I had that for 
my morning and evening meals. All stimulants were forbidden. 
He gave the orders for my meals. I do not know that I should 
reveal his private affairs, but I was going to say that Hahnemann 
was an inveterate smoker. I have seen his j^oung wife fill hi^ 
pipe for him many times." 

The following communication appeared in Dr. Wahrhold's 
Volksblatter for 1838:* 


"Dr. Paul Balogh, a Homoeopathic physician of Pesth, sends 
to the Allgemeine Anzeiger der Deutschen of February 5, 1838, a 
communication concerning that remarkable man (the Hofrath 
Hahnemann), for which all disciples of the great Master will be 
ver}^ thankful. Dr. Balogh says: 'It was in the year 1825, 
when I was attending the Universities of Germany, that I was 
so fortunate as to make the acquaintance, among other distin- 
guished Germans, of Dr. Hahnemann at Coethen. I found him 
to be an upright and amiable old man, who gave me many inter- 
esting ideas and eminently practical instruction in the new doc- 
trine. His friendly manner and profound scientific knowledge 
made me esteem him highly and attached me strongly to his 
person. After I returned home I became more closely allied to 
the practice of Homoeopathy, and have remained faithful to the 
new doctrine in all its purity, and I rejoice in its most praise- 
worthy results. 

" ' With this great reformer, whose friendship cheered and con- 
soled me on my thorny pathway-, I kept up a correspondence un- 
til he married Melanie d'Hervilly and exchanged his ungrateful 
Fatherland for Paris. The year prior to this, when Dr. Moscovich 
concluded to make the tour of France, England and Germany, 
he also wished to make the acquaintance of this celebrated man, 
whose doctrine had interested him. This was my motive for 
giving to this doctor letters of introduction to both Dr. Hahne- 
mann and his worthy wife. As the letters which I received 
throw some light upon Dr. Hahnemann's life at that time, I hope 
that their publication will interest his friends. The following 
are the letters:' 

* Volksblatter fitr honi. Heilverfahren mit Bezug auf Wasserheilkunde , 
Leipzig, 1838, Vol. iv. , p. 118. 


" ' Paris, August 6, 1837. 
" ' Rue de Milan, i. 

' ' ' Dear Sir: Accept my sincere thanks for the very kind letter 
which you were so good as to write to me. The sentiments ex- 
pressed by you so well in a language foreign to your own, but 
which you write like a native, have really touched my heart. I 
feel poignant grief at not knowing personally so distinguished a 
man, and one so full of zeal for our good cause, the cause of 
humanity ; but there is left me the hope that you will pay us a 
visit, as did Dr. Moscovich, for whose acquaintance we are in- 
debted to you. I do not say, as did the poor Poles: 'It is too 
high to God, and too far to France.' God is always near those 
who are right, and France is accessible to all courageous men 
who love science; and have not I, though a woman, traversed 
Europe in order to fetch Hahnemann to Paris? Rest assured 
that the most thoughtful and tender cares are bestowed inces- 
santly upon him. He is as fresh and ruddy as a rose and as 
blithesome as a young bird ; indeed, one might truthfully say 
that since he has been with me he becomes every year one year 
younger. May God give him health here with us! I send you 
herewith a medal which represents him perfectly. It was de- 
signed by one of our most distinguished artists. 

"'May you be happy and prosperous, Sir, and preserve your 
friendship for us! Good health and good luck to you! 

" ' Melanie Hahnemann.' 
" ' TT? Dr. Paul Balogh, Homoeopathic Physicia^i at Pesth : 

^'^ Dear Friend: Your friendly remembrance of me has given 
me great pleasure. I send you my best love, and wish you and 
your faithful wife every comfort of life. 

" ' Your true friend, 

" 'Samuel Hahnemann.' 

"The letter of Madame Hahnemann shows a noble spirit, and 
attests both the amiable personal character of the writer and the 
matrimonial happiness of her venerable husband. It indicates 
besides a warmth of zeal for the great discovery of her husband. 
She has made it the task of her life to make more beautiful the 
evening of the stormy life of one who formerly saved her own 
life, by the beneficent balsam of true fidelity, loving care, tender 
regard and delicate attention. She really seems to have per- 


fectly comprehended the great and grand art, the problem of 
which the greatest minds try to solve, of preserving the waning 
spirit of life in youthful vigor, and of warding off all the hap- 
penings which cripple the power of old age. 

"With the letter came the beautiful large medal of Hahne- 
mann, which was designed by the famous artist David. The 
medal is a most lifelike representation of the celebrated mari. 
After seeing so many bad copies of his countenance, it affords 
me unbounded joy to possess a good one at last, through the 
kindness of his noble wife. It brings his face vividly to my 
mind after an absence of twelve years. As respects the features 
of the venerable man, they are the most unanswerable witnesses 
of the fresh vigor which animates the members of his body. 
These firm, pure, beautiful, youthful features scarcely permit us 
to believe that they are those of a man eighty-two years old. 
Whatthe distinguished naturalist said about style — that the style 
is the man — might to some extent be applied to a person's hand- 
writing. His extremely neat, firm and charming chirography 
corresponds perfectly to a pure and clear doctrine resting on a 
firm basis. 

"According to the statement of Dr. Moscovich, Dr. Hahne- 
mann lives very pleasantly in Paris and enjoys the high esteem 
of all classes of people. Only very few persons are fortunate 
enough to see him face to face since his noble wife takes good 
care to keep away all who might in any degree annoy him or 
might overtax his powers in office consultations. 

"And he very seldom goes into the city to visit the sick. 
During Dr. Moscovich's visit to Paris, Baron Rothschild was 
the only person whom he thus visited. For this reason more 
sick throng his dwelling, but the greater portion receive medical 
advice only from his highly cultured and intelligent wife. We 
may expect many interesting accounts about him from Dr. Mos- 
covich, since he often had the opportunity to come into close 
contact with him. 

"Paul Balogh, M. D." 




In the same journal Dr. Hennicke, Counsellor of Legation and 
editor of the AUgemeine Anseigerder Deutschen, writes as follows: 
"The publication of the following letter which the undersigned 
received from Dr. Hahnemann, will doubtless not be unwelcome 
to his many friends and relations, since it gives definite informa- 
tion about the happy domestic relations and professional activity 
of the most praiseworthy man in the history of science. It is a 
psychological phenomena that a youthful spirit still animates 
this Nestor among physicians, now in his eighty-fourth year, 
and that his handwriting still exhibits the same neatness and 
beauty as in the prime of youth. The undersigned can judge of 
this matter for he has been in friendly relations and correspond- 
ence with Dr. Hahnemann for forty-three years. 
'"Dr. J. Fr. H. (Hennicke.) 

" ' Dear Friend : Your kindly interest in me and whatever befalls 
me since I have been here, which is expressed by your previous 
.letter to me under date of 3d of November, had warmed again 
my old gratitude to you How greatly indebted to you is the 
new true art of healing, which you have disseminated so effect- 
ively by voice and pen. 

" ' So 50U wish tohearsoraethingaboutmeand my doings since 
I have been here? I am more cheerful and contented here under 
the unwearied and unexampled care of my incomparable Melanie 
than I was during my last years at Coethen. She cures gratui- 
tously every day under my supervision a great number of poor 
people. Such supervision is now almost unnecessary, since she 
makes great progress everj^ day through her own study of our 
system of healing. Her cures of the worst diseases, which may 
be called natural, these poor people being too impecunious to 
get themselves botched as do the well-to-do and the rich by the 
pernicious method of healing, often amazed everybody, and even 
myself. I did not wish to write anything for France, or what is 
almost the same thing for Paris, in order to make our healing 
art better known to a praiseworthy land of freedom, a land where 


one can do whatever is good without being hindered and with- 
out being punished for it. Far too much has already been writ- 
ten about a system which the unbelieving ignoramus lets be 

" 'No. I wished, by repeated cures of the worst kinds of un- 
cured sick persons, to thoroughly convince the public of the in- 
finite superiority of our healing art to any other that can be 
named ; a task which, it would seem could not be performed in a 
city of more than a million of inhabitants. But God be praised! 
this task has already been partially performed. Our system is 
getting to be respectable in the estimation of the Parisian public 
on account of its unprecedentedly favorable results. 

' ' ' More I could not desire, and yet, on account of these suc- 
cesses my persistence in the cure of proscribed cases is at the 
same time the jest of all those who, before my arrival, palmed 
themselves off, both in Paris and in the Provinces, as Hom- 
oeopathic physicians, because more and more enthusiastic, and 
I have been urged on to the more zealous study of this most ab- 
struse and most beneficent of all human arts. 

" 'Every Monday morning from eight to eleven and a half 
o'clock there assemble in my quite unpretentious hotel a number 
of the best Homoeopathic physicians of the city for the purpose 
of exchanging views on Homo2opathic matters ; and even tran- 
sient Homoeopathic physicians and friends of our system par- 
ticipate in this voluntary union. 

"'The news thus imparted from Rome, Munich and North 
America is partially new to me and very agreeable. 

" 'May God continue t() keep you and j^ours in as great pros- 
perity as you could desire, and keep unchanged your love to me, 
a love which I shall never neglect to repay with that of equal 

" 'Yours sincerely, 

" 'Samuel PIahnemann. 
■" 'Paris, i6th Decembej^ ^Sjy. 

'''Rue de Milan, No. z." 

" 'Dr. Plaubel sends a friendly message.' " 

Dr. Hennicke was a lifelong friend of Hahnemann, and his 
influential paper greatly aided in the spread of Homoeopathy. 
The Allopaths called the editor the Sancho Panza of the Don 
Quixote, Hahnemann. 


Dr. Hennicke writing of Hahnemann in 1825 says in his paper: 
"The editor had in 1792 the honor of making the acquaintance 
of this man distinguished by his rare acumen, his powers of ob- 
servation, his clear judgment, as well as by his originality of 
character, uprightness and simplicity." And again in 1833: 
"Two cures which Hahnemann successfully accomplished in the 
year 1792 in Gotha and Georgenthal, and which excited general 
admiration, together with the opinion of him held by a doctor 
who died here (Dr. Buddeus), first directed my attention to 
Hahnemann, filled me with the greatest esteem for him and were 
the origin of our friendly relations and of our subsequent unin- 
terrupted correspondence."'"^ 

Hahnemann, in a letter to Stapf dated Dec. 22, 1825, in speak- 
ing of this same Hennicke, says:t " It is a good thing that the 
memorial of the Society of Homoeopathic Physicians against the 
redoubtable Messrs. Schnaubert and Mombert has appeared in 
the Ajiz. d. D. before the door was closed. 

" In the meantime the editor wrote me a letter, which did great 
credit to his heart, in which he regretted the admission of the 
lucubrations of these gentlemen,;}; and begged my pardon. I re- 
plied that I was quite indifferent to such calumnies, that they 
did not disturb my equanimity for one moment, and that he need 
not give himself any anxiety on my account, and he was wel- 
come to publish all and anything however extravagant ; but that 
his paper was only defiled by the trash, which I very much re- 
gretted, and if it went on thus it would become so distasteful 
that honest people would cease to read it. His concern should 
be for his own interests not for my feelings. 

"This made an impression on him — so that he did not allow 
any more copies, even of those two articles against Homoeop- 
athy, to be thrown off, and announced that for the future he re- 
fused to admit anything that did not contain novel scientific 
views and proved facts. Read what he says in No. 323. So this 
theatre for the display of such venomous diatribes is closed for- 
ever. That is another victory over the black demons. 

"Away, then, with your pusillanimous fears! Such things. 
cannot do the slightest harm to the good cause Patients who 

*"Ameke," pp. 161, 283 
■\ Horn. World, Vol. xxiv., p. 311. 

t The Allopathic physicians. He said he had to admit two out of the 
large number of hostile articles, to be impartial. 


allow themselves to be misled by them are to be pitied, but if 
they cause one to turn his back on us, they bring over to our 
side in their stead three other more reasonable ones who have 
the good sense to be guided by experience." 

In 1838 the eighty-third birthday was chosen for a grand cele- 
bration. The following account originally published in the 
Hygea is of interest:* 

"My friend C. called on me a few days ago and offered to 
conduct me to a festival which was to be held in honor of a 
celebrated German. 

" When we had arrived at the Chausse d'Antin he told me at 
last, ' we go to Dr. Hahnemann; to- day is the celebration of his 
eighty-third birthday; you will here have an opportunity of cor- 
recting your opinion respecting the actual state of Homoeopathy 
in Paris.' The Rue de Milan, where Hahnemann resides, was 
filled, as is usual at great soirees, to the right and left with 
private carriages and hackney coaches. The Father of Homoe- 
opathy, observed my friend, has, as you perceive, a splendid 
residence; we passed through a gate and court-yard to a hotel 
surrounded by a garden, occupied by Hahnemann alone; from 
here we entered a large salon on the first floor, already crowded 
by the beau vtojide of Paris, in the middle of which stood a' 
marble bust, ornamented with a golden laurel crown and with 
wreaths of the flowers of cicuta, belladonna and digitalis. This, 
said C, is the bust of Hahnemann, and with this golden crown 
of laurel it has been ornamented to-day, in celebration of his 
birthday, by his grateful disciples and friends. 

"On both ends of the crown hanging over the shoulders 
were engraved distinguished names trom all countries of Europe 
and America. The bust is the work of David, who, himself a 
zealous adherent of Homoeopathy, was present at this festival. 
While I conversed with David about Boerne, whom he designated 
with emotion as his dear friend, Hahnemann, in the full vigor 
of health, looking more like sixty-three than like eighty-three 
years of age, entered the saloon upon the arm of his lady, also 
much distinguished for her high intellectual powers, and warmly 

"^Miscellanies on Homoeopathy, 1838, p. 17. Horn. Exam., Vol. iii., p. 
345. Hotnoeopathist, Dio Lewis, Dec. i, 1850. Hygea, Vol. viii., parts, P- 461. 
Aibrecht's "Leben und Wirken," p. 78. Archives de la Med. Homoeo- 
pathique, March, 1838. 


welcomed his guests. One of the first Homoeopathic ph\'sicians 
of Paris, Dr. Leon Simon, now took the noble old gentleman by 
the hand and conducted him in front of the bust crowned 
with garlands, proclaiming to him, in an animated speech, 
Immortality. He was followed by French and Italian poets 
with poems written for the occasion; after which German musi- 
cal virtuosi, like Kalkbrenner, Panofka, Hate, delighted the 
company with their performances. On our return C. said: 
' You have seen how many Americans, Englishmen and Italians 
attended the festival and what class of Frenchmen believe in 
Homoeopathy. Hahnemann realizes annually from his practice 
alone not less than 200,000 francs. You know now where he 
resides; do me the favor and call to-morrow morning at his 
house, and you will see how it stands with the faith in Hahne- 
mann and his art.' Arriving the following morning in Hahne- 
mann's hotel I found the court-yard and stairs filled with poor 
persons, whom Hahnemann treats gratis, and in the ante- 
chambers I counted no less than fifteen persons." 

Though this was a birthday celebration, and this should have 
been on April 10, yet the account in the Hygea is given as 
occurring on the 19th of February. 

Soon after this Hahnemann wrote to his old friend Stapf, in 
the Fatherland, as follows:* 

''Dear Friend: Your genial letter, which the Polish doctor 
brought me, gave me much pleasure, as I received from it a con- 
firmation of my comforting conjecture, that there is still in Ger- 
many a small body of true Homceopaths (among whom I never 
forget to reckon you and Gross) who are not led awa}^ hy that 
vulgar, bragging joker and impudent sansculotte, Griesselich, 
and his crew. But in truth I do not apprehend that these 
wretches, with all their abusive talk, will make any impression 
on the rising generation of doctors. Thej^ will soon learn from 
their own experience that no good can come of such distorted 
travesties of my doctrine, and will remain all the more immova- 
bly devoted to the true healing art. 

■'Honest Germany! I had credited it with greater powers of 
judgment and discrimination. At all events, these heresies 
have met with no response in France, England or Italy. 

" I found that France was, and is still, very weak in our art. 

* Horn. World, Vol. xxvi., p. 117. 


But there are more true followers and capable, zealous disciples 
in the provinces than in the capital. (Be so good as not to make 
publicly known my sentiments about the Homoeopaths in the 

" During the last half year an ardent zeal for Homoeopathy 
has been aroused among the young graduates by the number of 
cures effected by myself and my dear wife; for she has cured the 
most serious diseases of a much larger number of the poor than 
I have of the rich. From fifteen to twenty daily crowd the 
ante-room and even the stairs of our little house, which is occu- 
pied by us only. 

"The astonishment caused by these cures excites the interest 
of the intelligent youths, whose feeling for suffering fellow- 
creatures has not yet been extinguished by the practice of Allo- 
pathy. What I found among the older so-called Homoeopaths 
here was very much the same as the bastards of this sort in 
Saxony. What I desire to live to see in Paris is not yet there, 
but is still in the future, for there are hardlj^ four or five really 
good ones among the Homoeopathic practitioners. 

' ' But a good Homoeopath has to fight a hard battle with the 
many prejudices of the public who think nothing of any system 
of medicine or of any doctor who does not bleed, apply leeches, 
stick on fly blisters, insert setons, prescribe tisanes, etc. 

"Of late years great obstacles have been thrown in the wa}^ of 
foreign medical men obtaining leave to practice here by the 
Royal Academy of Medicine, probably in order to prev^ent the 
introduction of Homoeopathy. Moreover, everything here is four 
or five times dearer than elsewhere. The rent of my house is 
six thousand francs per annum, and my carriage (without which 
a medical practice cannot be carried on) costs me nine thousand 

"In England our art makes greater progress than in Paris; 
the cures I have performed on Englishmen who have left their 
country to be under my treatment may have had' something to 
do with this. 

"I live here highly respected, partly no doubt because my 
wife is a Frenchwoman of good family and has a large circle of 
distinguished friends; and I enjoy better health and spirits than 
for the past twenty years. Many Germans who knew me form- 
erly tell me I look many years younger, for which I have ex- 


pressly to thank my loving warden, ni)^ dear Melanie, who 
joins me in kind remembrances to you and your amiable family. 

"Farewell! and be assured of the unalterable friendship of 
your devoted, 

"Samuel Hahnemann. 

''Paris, April 20, 1838, Rue de Milan, No. 7." 

"You would oblige me if when opportunity offers you would 
send me the first part of the sixteenth volume of your immortal 
Archiv. My copy has got lost. I thank you for the two other 
parts. I also thank you very much for Lachesis and Crotalus, 
though Dr. Andrew has not yet delivered them to me. You 
would oblige me very much if you would send me Hering's 
book on Serpent Poison."* 



In 1839 the celebrated actress, Mrs. Anna Cora Mowatt, 
while visiting Paris, called upon Hahnemann. An account is 
given in her book "Autobiography of an Actress."! Upon her 
return to America, Mrs. Mowatt, in 1840, wrote a series of 
articles concerning the celebrated persons that she had met in 
Europe, under the nom de plume of "Helen Berkley," and 
among others one about Hahnemann and Madame Hahnemann. 
This was copied into the Homoeopathic journals of the time and 
has been several times published in pamphlet form. 

It is given here in full. As the account in the Autobiograph)^ 
is but short and is essentially the same as in the following 
sketch, it is here omitted. We quote : 

In 1839, Dr. Hahnemann was residing in Paris near the Gar- 
den of the Luxembourg. During the winter of that year, de- 
siring to consult him in behalf of an invalid friend, I made him 
my first visit. That I might obtain an audience as early as 

*"Wirkungen des schlangengiftes zum arztlichen gebrauche vergleic- 
hend zesammengestallt durch Constantiii Heriug, Allentaun, Pa., A. und 
W. Blumer, 1837." 

t " Autobiography of an Actress." Bj' Anua Cora Mowatt. Boston. 
Tickuor. 1854. 


possible, I entered the carriage which was to transport me to 
his residence at a quarter past nine o'clock in the morning. 
After about half an hour's ride, finding that the coachman 
stopped his horses without dismounting, I inquired if we had 
reached our destination. No, madame, it is not our turn yet. 
We must wait a little while. See, there is Dr. Hahnemann's 
house, he replied, pointing to a palace-like mansion at some 
distance. This mansion was surrounded by a massive stone 
wall with an iron gate in the centre. Impatient at the delay, I 
leaned out of the window and beheld a long line of carriages in 
front of us driving one by one through the gate, and out again, 
as fast as their occupants alighted. This was vexatious, I had 
taken such especial pains to be early, and all to no purpose. 
Behind us stretched a line of coaches lengthening every minute, 
and already quite as formidable as the one in front. I had un- 
consciously taken my station in the midst of a procession slowly 
advancing to pay homage to this modern ^sculapius. I already 
knew something.of Hahnemann's celebrity ; but my opinion of 
his skill was marvellously fortified as I stared behind me and 
before me, and then at the empty carriages driving away around 

In about twenty minutes the carriage in which I sat wonder- 
ing and waiting, during that time having moved a few paces 
forward every minute, at last drove briskly through the iron 
gate, around the spacious court, and deposited me, to my great 
satisfaction, at the front entrance of Hahnemann's magnificent 
dwelling. Three or four liveried domestics assembled in a 
large hall received the visitors as they alighted, and conducted 
them to the foot of the wide staircase. At the head of the first 
flight they were received by a couple more of these bedizened 
gentlemen, who ushered them into an elegant saloon, sump- 
tuously furnished and opening into a number of less spacious 

The saloon was occupied by fashionably dressed ladies and 
gentlemen, children with their nurses, and here and there an 
invalid reposing on a velvet couch or embroidered ottoman. 
The unexpected throng, the noisy hum of whispering voices, 
the laughter of sportive children, and the absence of vacant 
seats were somewhat confusing. I entered at the same moment 
with a lady who, with her nurse and child, had alighted from 


her carriage immediately before myself. Probably noticing my 
bewildered air, and observing that I was a stranger, she very 
courteously turned to me and said in French : " We shall be able 
to find seats in some other room ; permit me to show you the 
way." I thanked her gratefully and followed her. After pass- 
ing through a suite of thronged apartments, she led the way to a 
tasteful little boudoir, which was only occupied by one or two 
persons. I knew the lady who had so kindly acted as my con- 
ductress was a person of rank, for I had noticed the coat of arms 
on the panels of her coach, and remarked that her attendants 
were clothed in livery. But to meet with civility from strangers 
is of so common an occurrence that her graciousness awakened 
in me no surprise. 

I afterwards learned that she was the Countess de R., a young 
Italian, who had married a French count of some importance in 
the beau monde. 

We had hardly seated ourselves in the quiet little boudoir 
when a valet entered and politely demanded our cards. They 
were presented and he placed them in the order received, amongst 
a large number in his hand. It was obvious that we should be 
obliged to wait an indefinite period, and I soon commenced 
amusing myself by examining the fine paintings with which the 
walls were lavishly decorated, the pieces of sculpture, the costly 
vases scattered about the apartments, and a number of curious 
medals heaped upon a centre table. The sculpture, vases, 
medals, and even some of the paintings had been presented to 
Hahnemann as memorials of the esteem and gratitude of his 
patients. Every room contained several marble busts of Hahne- 
mann himself, some much larger than life, some as large, and 
some smaller. These also had been presented to him on differ- 
ent occasions as tokens of respect. 

I was standing before a most lifelike portrait of the great 
doctor, lost in admiration of its masterly execution, when the 
young Countess, who had retained her seat while I wandered 
around the room, joined me and said: "Do you know who 
painted that picture?" 

"No," I replied, "but although I am not a judge of art, I 
should almost venture to say that it was the work of a master's 

" Undoubtedly it is a master-piece of workmanship. It was 
executed, however, by Madame Hahnemann." 


"Madame Hahnemann! is it possible. Is Hahnemann married 

" To be sure, and so happily that to become acquainted with 
his domestic history is of itself almost enough to induce one to 
venture upon matrimony." 

"I am delighted to hear it. I knew nothing of him except as 
a skillful physician, and a man of extraordinary genius." 

"His private history is equally interesting, and quite as 
remarkable as his public." 

" Have you known him a great while? How old is he? How 
long has he been married?" questioned I, anxious to obtain all 
the information in my power. 

"I have been acquainted with his wife and himself several 
years. He is about eighty-four years old. He was married to 
his present wife in his eightieth year." 

"Indeed. Was he a widower then? Is his second wife young 
or as old as himself?" 

"She is about forty-five years his junior, and she still retains 
much of the vivacity and freshness of youth." 

" What induced her to marry him ?" 

"Veneration for his talents, esteem for his virtues, affection 
for himself, mingled, perhaps, with a spice of gratitude for his 
services to herself. You are a stranger to her and will laugh if 
I say she adores him, but the term is not too strong to convey 
an idea of the truth." 

"Pray tell me something of her history. I am deeply in- 

" With pleasure. Hahnemann is the father of the most united, 
prosperous and the happiest family I ever beheld. He had been 
for many years a widower when he was called in to attend Mile. 
d'Hervilly, who was pronounced by her physicians tq be in the 
last stages of consumption. He was residing at the time at 
Coethen. Marie Melanie d'Hervilly Gohier, then his patient and 
now his wife, is descended from a noble French family of immense 
wealth. She had suffered a number of years with a pulmonary 
aflfection and disease of the heart. The most eminent physicians 
in Europe had fruitlessly endeavored to benefit her. After passing 
the winter in Italy, whither she had been sent in the hope that 
a mild climate might effect what medicine had failed to accom- 
plish, she returned to Germany in a state which her physicians 


declared beyond the reach of medical aid. She is a woman of 
remarkable strength of mind and most comprehensive intellect. 
The fame of Hahnemann's wonderful cures had reached her, but 
she was unacquainted with his reasons for his peculiar mode of 
practice. Though so debilitated by protracted suffering that 
she was unable to make the slightest physical exertion, she ex- 
amined his system for herself and then determined upon con- 
sulting him. He became deeply interested in her case, and in 
an incredibly short time her sufferings were relieved, her cough 
subdued, and her disease of the heart assumed a different and 
more agreeable shape." 

"And she married him out of gratitude ?" 

"By no means; she was charmed with his genius, his charac- 
ter, his manners, everything about him; and conceived an aflfec- 
tion for him perhaps deeper and truer than the passion which we 
generally call love." 

" Which he reciprocated?" 

" Now you question me too closely; I cannot answer on which 
side the attachment first sprung. Nor do I know au}'^ reason 
why it should not have originated in the doctor himself. 
Madame Hahnemann is a woman of the most brilliant talents; 
her information is extensive, her mind highly cultivated, and 
she is proficient in almost every elegant accomplishment you 
can name. Combine these attractions with that of a prepossess- 
ing person, and you will not find it easy to imagine a man insen- 
sible to her charms." 

"How do Hahnemann's children like the idea of a step- 

" She is tenderly beloved by them all. Her delicacy and gen- 
erosity towards them are worthy of mention. Hahnemann had 
amassed a large fortune, which she refused even during his life- 
time to share with him. She was determined to give no room 
for the supposition that she could have been influenced bj- inter- 
ested motives in forming this union. She stipulated before her 
marriage that she should ever be excluded from any participa- 
tion in the avails of Hahnemann's estate; and induced him to 
settle the bulk o'f his fortune on the children of his first wife, 
merely reserving for himself an annuity suflEicient for his per- 
sonal expenses." 

" How, then, was she provided for?" 

"She was alreadj' independent as to fortune." 


"Madame Hahnemann must undoubtedly be a very talented 
woman, if this painting is hers," said I, resuming my examina- 
tion of the fine portrait which had first attracted my attention. 

"Not only that one, but several others in the larger apart- 
ments," replied Madame de R. "Some of her paintings 
have been even admired in the galleries of the Louvre. Thus 
her name is classed with those of the most distinguished French 
artists. She is a poetess, too, and her works have won a truly 
flattering approbation from the public." 

" A poetess. Where will her qualifications end ?" 

" I almost believe they have no end. She is mistress of five 
or six languages, which she both writes and speaks with ease 
and fluency." 

"She appears to be worthy, indeed, of being the wife of 

"He thinks so, I assure you. He would not now find it so 
easy to dispense with her services." 

" Is he infirm, then ?" 

" Not in the least. He has always enjoyed excellent health. 
His sight and hearing are unimpaired. His activity is remark- 
able. Even yet there are an elasticity in his movements and 
sprightliness in his manners which make you feel that some- 
thing of youth has been left to him even in age. He would 
never remind you of the fable of the frog, whose discerning 
patients cried: ' Physician, cure thyself.' " 

" Perhaps that is quite as remarkable as anything you have 
told me about him; medical men generally look as though they 
needed, but feared to try, the effects of their own medicines. 
Since he is so active, I suppose it would be possible to induce 
him to visit a patient." 

" I do not think that could be easily accomplished. In a case 
of great peril, perhaps you might obtain the services of his 

" His wife? Why surely — " 

At that moment our conversation was interrupted by the 
entrance of a lady. She was attired in a simple demi toilette 
and wore -o bonnet; I therefore concluded she was not a guest. 
The instant she entered, the delicate-looking child my new 
acquaintance had been caressing upon her knee, sprang to the 
ground and greeted the lady with expressions of the most affec- 


tionate joy. She was an elegant-looking woman, with a finely- 
rounded form, somewhat above the medium height. Her face 
could not be called beautiful or pretty, but the term handsome 
might be applied to it with great justice. Her forehead was full 
and high, and her hair thrown back in a manner which perfectly 
displayed its expansive proportions. Those luxuriant tresses of 
a bright, flaxen hue were partl}^ gathered in a heavy knot at the 
back of her head and partly fell in long ringlets behind her ears. 
Her complexion was of that clear but tintless description which 
so strongly resembles alabaster. There was a thoughtful expres- 
sion in her large blue eyes, which, but for the benignant smile 
on her lips, would have given a solemn aspect to her counte- 



She exchanged a few words with Madame de R., kissed 
the child with much tenderness, and addressed several other 
persons present. While she was conversing, the child still re- 
tained her hand, following her about and pressing close to her 
side, with its little, pale, affectionate face upturned at every pause, 
as though earnestly soliciting a caress. In a few minutes she 

I turned to Madame de R. and inquired: "Is that Madame 

"Yes; is she not a fine-looking woman?" 

"Undoubtedly. And from her appearance alone I can well 
imagine her endowed with many of the attributes you have 
described her as possessing. Your little son seems very much 
attached to her." 

"Poor little fellow. He has good cause to be so. He had 
suffered from his birth with a scrofulous affection which baffled 
the skill of the best medical men in Paris. They gave me no 
hope of his recovery, and he is my onl}'^ child. At three years 
old he was unable to walk or even stand alone. It was then that 
Hahnemann arrived in Paris, and I immediately called upon 
him. It was impossible to bring the child here without risking 


his life, and Hahnemann attends to no patients out of the house. 
Madame Hahnemann told me, however, not to be uneasy, as 
she would herself take charge of the boy. She visited him 
regularly twice a day, watched him with the anxious tender- 
ness of a mother, and prescribed for him in a manner which 
proved the extent of her judgment and skill. In a few months 
the child recovered. He has never had a positive return of the 
disease, but he remains exceedingly delicate. I bring him to 
see his good friend and physician every few weeks for the sake 
of learning her opinion of his health and consulting her concern- 
ing his management." 

"Do you mean that Madame Hahnemann prescribes for him 
on her own responsibility?" 

"I do. She is almost as thoroughly acquainted with medicine 
as her husband. She became his pupil with the view of assist- 
ing him when age might weaken his faculties. She now attends 
to all his patients, as you will find directly, merely consulting 
him in cases of great difficulty." 

" That is being a helpmate indeed. But are the patients always 
willing to trust her?" 

" Assuredly; she has too incontestably proved her skill not to 
be trusted. Hahnemann is no longer able to endure the fatigue 
of attending to the multiplicity of cases crowded upon him. 
Madame Hahnemann is universally confided in, respected and 
beloved, especially by the poor." 

"I can well believe it. Is Hahnemann assisted by any of his 
children in the same manner as by his wife ?" 

"Not exactly in the same manner, but still he is assisted by 
them. One of his daughters, and a fine, intelligent girl she is, 
has the sole superintendence of an enormous folio, containing the 
names of all his correspondents and the dates of their letters; 
also of several other folios, containing the letters themselves, 
arranged in alphabetical order. His other children are of service 
to him in various ways. To assist him is their chief delight. 
As I told you before, I never beheld a more united family." 

"Miss Hahnemann's services alone must spare the doctor a 
vast deal of trouble." 

"Yes, but still every moment of his time is employed. He is 
the most systematic man imaginable. In his library you will 
find thirty -six quarto volumes, his register of consultation, writ- 


ten entirely by himself. Apropos, his hand writing is really 
worth seeing. What do you think of a man eighty- four years of 
age who writes a hand firm as a man's ought to be, fine enough 
to be a woman's, and elegant enough to be traced on copper 
plate, and this without spectacles?" 

"Think? Why, I think I have wondered at what you have 
told me as long as I could wonder, and now I can only come to 
the conclusion that Hahnemann and his wife should be ranked 
among the curiosities of Paris, and that the sight seeing stranger 
has not beheld all the marvels until he has seen them." 

Our conversation was interrupted by a valet, who announced 
that Monsieur le Docteur was at leisure and would see Madame 
la Contesse. 

She bade me good morning, saying: " It will be your turn 
next, I shall not keep you waiting long." 

I hope not, thought I, as a glance at the clock informed me 
that it was somewhat more than three hours since I first entered 
the house. 

A few moments after Madame de R. left me I was startled 
by hearing the same valet distinctly pronounce my name, 
somewhat Frenchified, and announce that Monsieur le Docteur 
was ready to receive me. I was too much surprised to do any- 
thing but stare, until I remembered that I had placed my card 
in his hand some three hours before. I arose and followed him. 
He led the way through the same apartments I had traversed 
on entering. The doctor's reception chamber was situated at 
the further end of the suite. Throwing open a door he loudly 
announced me and retired. 

I stood in the presence of Monsieur le Docteur and Madame 
Hahnemann. The chamber I now entered was more simply 
decorated than any I had visited. In the centre of the room 
stood a long table; at its head a slightly elevated platform held 
a plain looking desk covered with books. In front of the desk 
sat Madame Hahnemann with a blank v^olume open before her 
and a gold pen in her hand. Hahnemann was reclining in a 
comfortable arm chair on one side of the table. They rose to re- 
ceive me, and I presented Madame Hahnemann a letter from 
Herr Dr. Hirschfeldt, of Bremen, an eminent physician, who had 
formerly been a pupil of Hahnemann's. 

While Madame Hahnemann was glancing through the letter I 

HEI.EN Berkley's story continued. 385 

had an opportunity of taking a survey of Hahnemann's person, 
for he had not yet resumed his seat. His slender and diminu- 
tive form was enveloped in a flowered dressing gown of rich 
materials, and too comfortable in appearance to be of other than 
of Parisian make. The crown of his large, beautifuUj^ propor- 
tioned head was covered by a skull cap of black velvet. From 
beneath it strayed a few thin snowy locks, which clustered about 
his noble forehead, and spoke of the advanced age which the 
lingering freshness of his florid complexion seemed to deny. 
His eyes were dark, deep set, glittering and full of animation. 

As he greeted me he removed from his mouth a long painted 
pipe, the bowl of which nearly reached to his knees. But after 
the first salutation it was instantly resumed ; as I was apprized 
by the volumes of blue smoke which began to curl about his 
head as though to veil it from my injudicious scrutiny, 

Madame Hahnemann gracefully expressed her gratification at 
the perusal of the letter, read a few lines of it to her husband in 
an under tone, and made several courteous remarks to me; while 
the doctor bowed without again removing his long pipe. It was 
evident that he did not immediately recognize Dr. Hirschfeldt's 
name ; and he was too much accustomed to receive letters of in- 
troduction to pay any attention to their contents. 

Madame Hahnemann placed herself at the desk, with the 
doctor on her right hand and myself on her left. I stated the 
principal object of my visit, attempting to direct my conversation 
to Hahnemann, rather than to his wife. But I soon found that 
this was not salon en regie. Madame Hahnemann invariably 
replied, asking a multiplicity of questions, and noting the 
minutest symptoms of the case as fast as my answers were given. 
Several times she referred to her husband, who merely replied 
with his pipe between his teeth, "Yes, my child," or "Good, 
my child, good." And these were the only words that I as yet 
had heard him utter. After sometime spent in this manner, 
Madame Hahnemann accidental!}^ asked: "Where was your 
friend first attacked?" 

"In Germany," I replied. 

Hahnemann had been listening attentively, although he had 
not spoken. The instant I uttered these words his whole 
countenance brightened as though a sunbeam had suddenly 
fallen across it, and he exclaimed in an animated tone: " Have 


you been in Germany? You speak German, don't you?" The 
conversation had hitherto been carried on in French, but the 
read}' "Certainly" with which I answered his question ap- 
parently gave him unfeigned pleasure. 

He immediately commenced a conversation in his native 
tongue, inquiring how I was pleased with Germany, what I 
thought of the inhabitants, their customs, whether I found the 
language difficult, how I was impressed with the scenery, and 
continuing an enthusiastic strain of eulogium upon his beloved 
country for some time. Then he asked from whom was my 
letter. When I pronounced the name of Dr. Hirschfeldt, which 
he had listened to so coldly before, he expressed the deepest inter- 
est in his welfare, and spoke of him with mingled affection and 

I was too much delighted with the doctor's animated and 
feeling remarks to change the topic. Yet I felt that he had 
lost sight, and was fast inducing me to do the same, of the 
primary object of my visit. Madame Hahnemann, however, 
though she smiled and joined in the conversation, had not for- 
gotten the host of good people who were taking lessons of 
patience in the ante-chambers. She finally put an end to the 
discourse by a gentle admonition to her husband, warning him 
that he must not fatigue himself before the hours devoted to 
business were half spent. 

Turning to me, she apologized for the interruption, saying 
that they received their friends in the evening and would be 
happy to see me, then immediately resumed the subject of my 
friend's indisposition. 

After a few more inquiries, I received some medicine from 
her hands, with especial directions concerning the manner in 
which it was to be used. She also presented me with a paper 
on which the different kinds of iood, vegetables, seasoning and 
odors which counteract the effects of Homoeopathic remedies 
were enumerated. After cordially shaking hands with the kind 
old man and his talented and exemplary wife, I bade them good 
morning. One of the domestics in attendance conducted me 
down stairs and handed me into the carriage; and I drove home, 
passing along a file of coaches stretching from Hahnemann's 
door rather farther than I could venture to mention and expect 
to be believed. 

HKivEN Berkley's story continued. 387 

The favorable impression I had received on my first inter- 
view with Doctor and Madame Hahnemann was subsequently 
strengthened and confirmed. 

Hahnemann expressed the same enthusiasm as before at the 
mention of his own country, and on hearing that I was an 
American made many inquiries about our young land, and 
especially concerning the progress of Homoeopathy. I could 
not, however, give him much information which he had not 
previously received from other lips. 

Hahnemann amongst his innumerable estimable qualities, 
possesses that of the most indefatigable industry. The pains 
which he takes in studying and examining a case are almost 
incredible. He records with precision the minutest symptoms 
of every patient, all constitutional ailments, hereditary taints 
and numerous other particulars; never trusting his memory, and 
only prescribing after a deliberation often tedious, though 
always necessary. To the poor he has always shown untiring 

Certain hours of the day are set apart for the reception of per- 
sons unable to offer compensation. They are attended with 
equal care, their symptoms recorded, and their diseases prescribed 
for with the same precision which is bestowed upon the ha^de 
noblesse of the land. It frequently occurs that Hahnemann is 
so fatigued with his morning duties, that patients who apply for 
advice in the afternoon are placed under the sole superintend- 
ence of Madame Hahnemann. But they seem to consider this 
gifted couple one in skill, as they are indeed one in heart. 

Hahnemann appears to take pleasure in confessing to the 
world his affection, almost veneration, for his wife. Shortly 
after his marriage in a reply to the Gallican Homoeopathic 
Society of Paris, who had made him their honorary president, 
the following paragraph occurs: "I love France and her noble 
people, so great, so generous, so disposed to rectify an abuse by 
the adoption of a new and efficient reform. This predilection 
has been augmented in my heart by my marriage with one of 
the noble daughters of France, in every respect worthy of her 

*" Sketch of Hahnetnanu aud his wife, from the portfolio of one who 
knew them." New York. Radde. 1850. 




The following letter, signed "A Lover of Hahnemann," was 
published in the Homoeopathic Times for February 7, 1852 :* 

"Thirteen years ago I was given up by the Allopathic doctors 
for consumption. A goodly number of them had pronounced me 
incurable. At this period a benevolent lady sent from Paris an 
invitation for me to visit her in that city, in order that I might 
get the advice of the immortal Hahnemann. At first the doctor 
then attending me sent word that I was too weakly to under- 
take the journey, but the lady persisted and he yielded. 

" In a month after I was examined and sounded by Hahne- 
mann, who smiled as he stroked my head and said: 'I am glad 
you have come to me in time, I shall cure you.' Now I had 
been examined by more than twenty eminent Allopathists (Sir 
James Clark being one of them), all of whom thought me beyond 
human skill; but the old, bald-headed, persecuted Hahnemann, 
the great medical benefactor of mankind, after an hour's exami- 
nation of my lungs, said: 'I shall cure you.' After being under 
his treatment for eight months, I returned to Scotland com- 
pletel)^ cured. 

"I may mention that the good old man (for whose good doing 
to me and to mankind I have often felt grateful to God) refused 
to take a single farthing for his advice and medicine, although 
he knew that the lady who took so much interest in me was in 
opulent circumstances." 

It was in the year 1839 that Hahnemann made his last contri- 
bution to the "Materia Medica," the preface to the provings of 
Arse7iicum. He says:t 

"The mentioning oi Arsenic c?i\\^ up powerful recollections in 
my soul. 

*Hom. Times, London, Vol. iii., p. 416. 

It is likely that this letter was written by Mr. Young, whose cure is nar- 
rated at length in a previous chapter. 

t Hahnemann's "Chronic Diseases," New York, Vol. v., p. 361. 


" 111 creating the iron the All Merciful permitted his children 
to transform it, at their choice, either into the murderous dagger 
or the blessed plowshare, and to use it either for their destruc- 
tion or preservation. How much more happy mankind would 
be if they used God's gifts only for the purpose of accomplishing 
the good. It is his will that we should do this, and for this end 
we have been created. 

"It is not the fault of Him who loves us all that we abuse 
powerful medicinal agents, administering them either in too 
powerful doses or in cases for which they are not suitable, being 
merely guided by the caprice of miserable authorities, and with- 
out having taken the trouble to investigate the inherent virtues 
of the drug, and to make our selection depend upon the knowl- 
edge thus obtained. 

" If one is found willing to make that investigation in a con- 
scientious manner, those pretended authorities overwhelm him 
with their wrath as the enemy of their comfort, and permit them- 
selves the most ignoble and malicious calumnies. * sf: * i 
hear it said one-tenth of a grain (of Arsenic) is the smallest 
weight used in practice. Who could prescribe less without mak- 
ing himself ridiculous. 

"Indeed, one- tenth of a grain sometimes endangers life, and 
giving less should be contrary to rule. Is not this deriding 
common sense? 

"Have the rules of practice been established for irrational 
slaves or for men endowed with rationality and free will ? Who 
or what prevents them from giving a smaller dose when a larger 
one would prove dangerous ? Obstinacy ? Dogmatism ? or what 
other fetter of the mind ? 

" 'Yes,' say they, 'ArseJiic would still be hurtful even if we 
used only one-hundredth or one-thousandth of a grain. Arsenic, 
even when used in a very small quantity, is nevertheless a 
virulent poison; we proclaim this ex authoritate .^ 

" Supposing you have hit the truth, it must likewise be true 
that by diminishing the dose gradually we must finally arrive 
at a quantity which has nothing of the danger of your orthodox 
dose of one tenth of a grain. 

"'Such a dose would be something new altogether. What 
sort of a dose would that be ? ' 

" Novelty is indeed a heinous crime in the eyes of the ortho- 


dox doctors, infatuated with the drugs of their school, and whose 
minds have lost all their independence in the tyranny of hoary 

" What miserable law, or what anything else, can prevent the 
physician, who ought to be a scholar, a thinking and free man, 
from attenuating a dose by reducing its quantity ? 

"Whj^ should he not give or one-millionth of a grain, 
if experience teaches him that one- thousandth of a grain is too 
strong? And if he should discover by experience that even of a grain is still too powerful, why should he not 
reduce the dose to one millionth or one-billionth ? 

"And even if this dose should be too powerful, why not 
descend to one-quadrillionth or lower. 

"But here my opponents, suffocating as it were in the bog of 
hoary prejudice, will exclaim: 'Ha! ha! ha! that is nothing!' 

" Why not? Does a substance that has been divided ever so 
minutely lose any of its original properties? Even if divided, 
as it were, to an endless extent, does not something of the 
original substance remain ? What sound mind should contra- 
dict this ? 

"And if something of the original substance remains, why 
should not that something have some effect ? What that effect 
is cannot be decided speculatively, but has to be learned by 
experience. Experience alone can decide whether this small 
portion is too feeble to relieve the disease for which it is 

Here, in his eighty-fourth year, as a parting word to his fol- 
lowers, we find this grand old scholar reiterating his oft told 
saying: "Try, only try and do not condemn without trying." 
And one can readily see that his one idea is to find the very- 
smallest possible quantity with which to make the cure. It 
always was his aim. 

On August loth, 1839, Hahnemann celebrated the sixtieth 
anniversary^ of his graduation at Erlangen. The day was 
observed with appropriate festivities. The following account 
may be found in Stapf's Archiv.^ 

" Paris, August 18, 1839. — A few days ago the sixtieth anni- 
versary of Hahnemann's doctorate was celebrated in his hotel in 

*Archiv f. d. horn. Heilkunst, Vol. xvii., part 3. Allg. horn. Zeit., 
Vol. xvi., p. 95. 


Milan street. The venerable man, still active and vigorous, 
although in his eighty- fourth year, was congratulated by almost 
all the nations of Europe, partly by letter, but mostly by repre- 
sentatives. Poems were recited in almost all the European lan- 
guages. The German muse was the only one lacking; and Dr. 
Jahr, editor of the widely circulated " Repertory," was the only 
German physician of that time who saved his country's honor 
by reciting an old poem. 

"It will be difl&cult for posterity to comprehend this indiffer- 
ence of Germany to one of her sons, a benefactor who will be 
the honor and pride of the German name thousands of years 
hence. To us this is easily explainable. There are so many 
great men in the little cities of German}^ men who have such 
immensely great reforms in proportion to their little code of 
medical practice, and such ponderous volumes in contrast with 
the little " Organon," that it is not to be wondered at that the 
little man in Milan street should thrive in forgetfulness. It is 
otherwise in other countries. Thither the names of these 
German country, village and city celebrities have not yet found 
their way; only the name of the founder of Homoeopathy is 
known to the people. His name is in all mouths and each new 
year, which the active old man adds to the great number of the 
old ones, since it illustrates anew the truth and efiicacy of his 
doctrine, is celebrated as a new triumph. To all appearance 
Hahnemann will reach the age of one hundred years. He looks 
as yet like a man of sixty; and what is more, his mind has still 
all the strength of its maturity. He still practices, thinks and 
writes just as he did a half century ago; in fact, he possibly does 
still more of each and does it better. But why, if the German 
youth forget their master, does not German poetry at least 
remember him ? Has a German poet never been sick ? Or does 
the German poetry of pain feel itself in kinship with the painful- 
ness of Allopathy? The German science of music, however, has 
made glorious this beautiful eventide of Hahnemann's life. 
It has abundantly supplied what the art of poetry omitted. 
The celebrated Clara Wieck, a country woman of Hahnemann's, 
enraptured the company of celebrities with the most beautiful 
strains of music; and a young German dilettante intoned her 
famous voice in praise of the man whose triumph they were cele- 
brating. The renowned violoncellist. Max Bohrer, fittingly 


closed the musical performances. We think that Clara Wieck 
will next season dominate the musical throne of Paris, in spite 
of the presence of the first pianists of Europe; indeed, the 
Russian and English nobility are vieing with each other to 
secure her for the year of 1840." 

This article continues with a history of the growth of Homoe- 
opathy in Sicily, Italy, France, England and North America. 
As one would expect, three or four lines only are devoted to the 
latter place. 

Croserio mentions this sixtieth fete day as follows:* "On the 
tenth of August last we celebrated in Dr. Hahnemann's hotel, 
Milan street. No. i, the sixtieth anniversary of his acquiring the 
degree of doctor of medicine. Almost all European nations had 
sent their representatives to congratulate the illustrious old gen- 
tleman, who, notwithstanding his eighty-four years, is endowed 
with perfect health. Poems in his praise were read in almost 
every European language." 

One of the odes delivered on this occasion was by the young 
physician, Dr. J. B. Mure. It was published in pamphlet form 
and also in his book: " Doctrine de I'Ecole de Rio de Janeiro et 
Pathogenesie Bresilienne. Paris, 1849." 

In a letter dated Paris, October 20, 1839, Dr. Croserio writes 
to Dr. Neidhard as follows:! "Under the name 'Institut de la 
Medicine Homeopathique' we have erected and shall open in a 
few weeks in the Rue de la Harpe, No. 93, in the immediate 
neighborhood of the School of Medicine, a large institution for 
the following purposes: 

"I. To teach students the theory and practice of Homoeopa- 
thy, by public lectures. 

"2. To spread the benefit of Homoeopathy among the lower 
classes of the capital, by giving consultations gratis to those who 
will personally apply for them. 

"3. To give advice in writing to those patients in the country 
and in the provinces of France, who, having no Homoeopathic 
physicians near themselves, apply for it. 

"4. To prepare Homoeopathic medicines according to the 
method of Dr. Mure. 

* Horn. Exam., Vol. i., p. 103. 

^ Horn. Exam., Vol. i., pp. 104, 346. 


"5. To translate into the French language practical works on 

"6. To publish, under the title of "1,6 Propagateur de I'Hom- 
ceopathie," a monthly periodical, by which all new Homoeopathic 
works and periodicals will be reviewed, etc. 

"7. To procure for those Homoeopathic physicians and other 
individuals in the provinces, or in foreign countries, who would 
apply for them, Homoeopathic books, instruments, medicines and 
practical advice in particular cases. 

"8. To open a cabinet de lecture where students, physicians, 
may read or borrow all Homoeopathic books and periodicals, 
published in France or other countries. 

"9. To consult strangers who come to Paris, either for study- 
ing Homoeopathy, or for taking general information on the state 
of Homoeopathy, or for buying Homoeopathic medicines, books, 

"10. To serve as a central point for Homoeopaths of all nations, 
and to nominate correspondents for that purpose in all foreign 

" For the present I can inform you that Dr. Jahr will teach 
Materia Medica Pura, and the German as the Homoeopathic lan- 
guage; Dr. Mure, Pharmacology and Mnemonics applied to the 
Materia Medica; and that I have accepted the Homoeopathic 

In another letter, dated July i, 1840, Dr. Croserio writes: 

"Two Homoeopathic institutions have been established in this 
city during the past year, one in the Rue de la Harpe, the other 
in the Rue Gil-le-Coeur. Both are situated near the School of 
Medicine, and in both, courses of public lectures are delivered on 
Homoeopathy and the Materia Medica, and public consultations 
have been organized, which are frequented daily by sixty to one 
hundred invalids from the laboring classes of society." 

At this time there were also two well-appointed Homoeopathic 
pharmacies in Paris. The first one was opened by Henri Petroz. 
In 1833 ^s began to prepare medicines and put up the prescrip- 
tions of a few physicians and in 1837 he opened his phar- 

■ Trans. World's Horn. Convention," 1876, p. 154. 




Albrecht in speaking of the pleasant relations of the daughters 
with the household at Paris writes as follows:* " The following 
family letters furnish us the best proof that Hahnemann, al- 
though he found himself impelled to be in Paris, in man)^ ways 
a different person from what he had previously been at Coethen, 
had remained just the same in his affection for his daughters left 
behind in Germany. It is as if he considered it his duty to 
recompense them in some measure for their separation from him 
by more frequent proofs of his remembrance and enduring affec- 

" Hahnemann does not, indeed, discuss public affairs with his 
daughters, very seldom mentions the system of medicine founded 
by himself, and does not expatiate in an exchange of weighty 
ideas and opinions; nay, he is, in these letters, entirely a father, 
nothing but a father, a father who enshrines the existence of his 
children in the inmost depths of his heart, concerns himself 
about all their affairs, sympathizes intensely in all their sorrows 
and afflictions, counsels and consoles and encourages them, 
directs them to come soon to Paris to see him, if they complain 
about his absence, and then gives them some errand or commis- 
sion to perform, requests them to send him a greeting in a letter. 
In the postscript, and with the accustomed superscription, there 
is always the never-forgotten message, ' a greeting from Melanie.' 

" Festal and triumphant tones resound quite often in these 
pastoral symphonies. But let each read for himself what pleases 
him from these letters, which have been selected from a large col- 
lection of similar import. We follow the chronological order, 
deviating from it only in the first letter. 

"This letter, belonging apparently to the year 1839, at which 
time Hahnemann was already shining as a star of the first mag- 
nitude in the heaven of erudition in Paris, transfers us to the 
sisterly circle of Hahnemann, his daughters, and serves in some 
measure as a commentary on their opposite dispositions. A 
*''Biograph. Denkmal," p. 116. 


sister in Paris, writing to her sisters at Coethen, describes in 
vivid, but plain language, an important festal event in the life of 
their beloved father, and promises to tell them still more of all 
the almost indescribable splendors of the celebration when she 
comes, 'right soon, to see them.' The gentle and tender breath 
of childlike love breathes in every word and wafts it caressingly 
to the heart of the reader. Her father and his wife read the 
sisterly letter before it is mailed to Germany, and both add to it 
an independent postscript in a brief note of their own. More- 
over, the letter contains so many and various interesting par- 
ticulars that the attention becomes enlisted more and more 
closely. This is this three part letter : 
' ' ' Dear Sisters Louise and Lottie : 

" 'It affords me unspeakable joy to write you also something 
about our beautiful festival. First of all, mother and father 
(who are perfectly well and cheerful), received a very handsome 
silver and gold cup on the upper part of which is inscribed, 
Sante, and on the lower, Zuni 6oth Doctorat. Thus began the 
day which was i eplete with pleasure and joy ; then came one of 
the greatest violoncellists in Europe, named Bohrer, who fairly 
surfeited us with the sweets of music during the whole day un- 
til evening ; then the whole company assembled, a vast throng 
of ladies and gentlemen, who brought beautiful flowers and re- 
cited admirable poems. After this we had the most delightful 
music ; the celebrated Clara Wieck, who is now singing here in 
Paris, gave us the pleasure of her brilliant musical talent. 

" 'She and the violoncellist charmed us so much that we were 
perfectly entranced. The vast saloon where we were was 
splendidly adorned with beautiful oil paintings, which mother 
had arranged tastefully and illuminated brilliantly. More than 
one hundred wax lights were burning. 

' ' ' Among the company was a young physician from Lyons, 
named Mure, who had composed a capital poem in praise of 
father. He declaimed it, too, so grandly, that it thrilled my in- 
most soul. There were several more who recited very beautiful 
poems. In short we had a splendid time. The festivities lasted 
till about three o'clock in the morning. And you, as well as 
every friend, would have imagined yourself in love with the en- 
tertainment, but you especially, dear sisters, because your duti- 
ful letters had made a delightful impression upon our dear 


parents, for which they thank you most heartily. Mother does 
this particularly, and thanks you for your affectionate letter in 
which you expressed that pretty wish. You dear little Wiesy, 
you ask whether the stockings sent to father will answer? To be 
sure they will ; they fit very well, and you may knit the rest 
just like them. Father sends you many thanks for your great 
pains and skill. 

" 'I am glad to hear that good Mrs. Lehmann is so well and 
also dear old Mrs. Schrceder. I send them both my heartiest 
greetings. I read with sincere regret that IvOttie is ill. May 
God, our only Deliverer, help her! I send herewith a couple of 
flowers for you, so that you also may have a token of the cele- 
bration. They are at the same time a souvenir of dear father's 
6oth doctorate. In September I shall set out to come to you, and 
hope to find you all very well and in the best of cheer. 

' ' ' This will be my last letter before starting. You need have 
no anxiety for I shall be delayed somewhat on the way, as you 
already know, because I cannot yet drag one foot after the other 
on account of my rheumatism. Adieu! Ma\^ you continue very 
well meanwhile. Give my. love to all our dear friends. In spirit 
you are already embraced by your loving sister, 

" ' Amalie Liebe, geb. Hahnemann.' 
^^ ^ Dear Children: 

" 'I thank you for the sincere wishes you sent to greet my loth 
of August festival. I have accomplished them, thanks to our 
merciful Heavenly Father ; and along with my Melanie, have 
kept your remembrance thereby in sincerest affection. 

" 'Your devoted father, 

" S. Hahnemann. 

"'My compliments and thanks to Councillor Lehmann. I 
shall write to him next. 
' ' ' Dear Lottie and Louise : 

" ' I received your letter with great pleasure and I thank you 
for your kind wishes. I duly received your previous letter also, 
The expression of your friendship will always be very dear to me. 
I wish you good health and much happiness. 

" 'Melanie Hahnemann.' 

"The grateful daughters do not forget to acknowledge to 
their far-away father their participation in the celebration of his 
birthway and in the jubilee of his doctorate. Nor does the father 


forget to acknowledge to his daughters his joy at their manifes- 
tation of such dutifuhiess. 

" 'Dear ChildreJi: 

" 'Your hearty congratulations to my festivals of loth of April 
and of loth of August are enshrined in my heart, and I send 
you many and profoundest thanks. May God grant you good 
health and enable you to live all your days in cheerful content- 
ment. My dear Melanie, too, wishes you all the good things of 
life that are to be enjoyed. 

" 'Your devoted father, 

" 'April 2^, i8jp. 

" 'I hereby return thanks to Councillor Lehmann for the medi- 
cines. My dear Melanie and I both send our warmest greetings 
to him, his devoted wife and lovely daughters.' " 

" 'Dear Children: 

" 'Accept my thanks for your kind wishes respecting my last 
loth of August festivities. I know that your intentions are the 
kindliest toward both Melanie and myself. Morover, live a 
cheerful and happy life like good children, and continue to love 
us as dearly as we love you. 

" 'Your loving father, 

" 'SamueIv Hahnemann. 
" 'Paris, Oclo. 6, iSjp.' " 

"The two following somewhat expressive letters were written 
with a similar motive; 
' ' 'Dear Daughters: 

" 'It is my ardent wish that your indisposition, of which I am 
informed by your letter to Malehen,^ may have become changed 
again to lasting health; for I desire very much to have the 
satisfaction of thinking that you are well. I thank you heartily 
for your kind wishes both at the beginning of the year and on 
my birthday. I know that you meant both from the depths of 
your hearts; and this is and will always be to me a cherished 
recollection. Strive to make yourselves as happ}^ as possible in 
this brief earthly life, which is the school in which we fit ourselves 
for eternity; and if you earnestly wish to do so, it will not be 
* Meaning Amalie. 


difficult to accomplish. Continue steadfast my good daughters, 
I love you. You devoted father, 

" 'SamueIv Hahnemann. 
*• 'Paris, April 17, 1838. 

"'My dear Melanie has wrested ever so much time from her 
many and varied household duties so as to get my picture ready 
to send to you (and lyehmann). Every one here thinks it bears 
a striking resemblance to the original, Melanie, too, writes to 
you in the German language, since she can then generally enable 
you to comprehend what she means.' " 

" 'Dear Children: 

" 'We express to you our sincerest thanks for your kind wishes 
as well as for the little songs set to music, which ought to cheer 
our leisure hours, which are so rare, and should remind us of 

' ' 'Take courage! Your wish to visit Paris can soon be gratified, 
for they are making progress with the railways everywhere in 
Germany; and they are already beginning to extend the railway 
as far as Frankfort on the Main, and so in France as far as the 
Rhine. Therefore be tranquil, and live in good hope, just as we 
do. You have still a great many advantages over many thousands 
of people, no lack of anything whatever, for the support of life, 
and withal a good name in the estimation of everybody, and good 
friends. And then, too, we love you. What more do you lack 
to make you contented? Therefore, thank God, our Preserver, 
who never forsakes us, and lead a tranquil and contented life. 
The Almighty demands nothing more from you, dear children. 
I remain, 

" 'Your loving father, 

" 'Samuel Hahnemann. 
" ' Paris, June loth. 

" 'I received with pleasure grandfather's seal and presented 
it to my dear wife, who will have a similar one made for Louise. 
" ' Dear Children: 

" 'I wish you the greatest happiness. 

" ' Melanie H.\hnemann.' " 

" Here is a letter from the memorable year of 1840. We per- 
ceive from it that Hahnemann lived entirely shut off from public 


events, heard the rumor of war and revolution only behind closed 
shutters, and stood majestically alone and out of the reach of the 
tumult of the present generation of mortals. He says in this 
letter: ' You have no need to be concerned about the dis- 
quietude in Paris, for this will become far greater in time than it 
is at present. We live close by a bar^iere ; and in our walled city 
there is never any disquietude. If there should be an uprising, 
we shall go quickly to friends in the country ; but this is by no 
means to be feared.' " 

In this very interesting series of letters, that show fully the 
good feeling between the old doctor, in Paris, and his lonely 
daughters in the little town in Germany, now appears the last 
which Hahnemann wrote to his daughters. Albrecht writes: 
" It is not without such an emotion, as we ever willingly conse- 
crate to the shades of the ever memorable man, that we take up 
the last letter which Hahnemann sent to his beloved daugh- 
ters prior to his death. This letter is characterized by that 
tenderness of feeling which the mother is accustomed to mani- 
fest unconsciously and involuntarily, by reason of undisguised 
separation from her son. We still derive consolation from this 
letter. It shows thet Hahnemann suffered but a short time 
previous to his death. 
" ' Dear Children: 

" ' We have received your letters so full of kind wishes, and 
we wish you also all the possible good to which health specially 

" ' Keep in good health. We are now in the midst of winter. 
I enjoy my life as much as business permits me, and shall go to- 
day, as I did last Thursday, to the Italian Opera until midnight 
in company with my dear Melanie and Father d'Hervilly. 

' ' ' The little book is precious to me. I thank you for the 
great trouble that it must have cost you to procure it. I can use 
it, although it is not the one I meant — the one which the Torgau 
doctor (I think his name is Lehmann) had written anonymously 
at the time, and in which the wonderful cures of Grabe are 
named. It was printed at Torgau, and not at Zerbst, as was the 
one sent to me. This doctor must still have some of them re- 
maining. Perhaps, if he is still living, he will sell you one. 
Give him my compliments. Then the Coethen publisher has no 
more copies of the weekly paper published at that time, in which 
he speaks of Grabe? 


' ' ' But I should be sorry if it should give you too much trouble. 
Please write to me what expense 570U have incurred in the matter. 

" 'Ask Dr. Lehmann, in my name, for one or two grains of the 
third trituration of Mercuriics sohibilis, which was not in the 
box sent to me. 

'"My dear Melanie sends you much love along with mine. 

She wishes to know whether Louise has received father's ring 

through Malchen, to whom it was sent from Weimer to Dresden. 

May you live in health, comfort and contentment, dear children! 

" 'Your loving father, 

" ' Samuel Hahnemann. 

" ' Paris, January §, ^^43-^ " 

Dr. Lehmann, so long his faithful assistant atCoethen, remained 
always his dear friend. He prepared his medicines up to his death, 
Hahnemann sending to Coethen for them. At Hahnemann's 
request he had his bust taken. It is written: *"The bust of 
these two great men should, like the originals, stand together. 
So Hahnemann directed." 

Dr. Lehmann died at Coethen on January g, 1865, aged 77 
years, t 



The birthday of 1840 was celebrated in the usual delightful 

The following letter appeared in the Leipsic General Gazette 
on April 19, 1840, as correspondence from Paris, regarding the 
celebration of Hahnemann's eighty-fifth birthday: 

"t Paris, April 12, -1840. Day before yesterday Hahnemann 
celebrated his eighty-fifth birthday. The elite of the German 
residents and many celebrated Frenchmen had assembled in his 
saloons in the evening to congratulate the aged Commander-in- 
Chief of our Homoeopathic Phalanx, which is increasing every 

*Fischer's Traus. "Biog. Denkmal," p. 94 
\Allg. horn. Zeit., Vol. Ixx., p. 40. 
XAllg. horn. Zeit., Vol. xvii., p. 287. 


day. And it was delightful and inspiring to see with what cor- 
diality these congratulations were given and received. 

"One often heard the heart of some one who had been deliv- 
ered from disease express itself to its deliverer with sincerest 

"The old reformer of medicine, with his lofty brow and kindly 
smiling face, was the most life-like exemplar of his system of 
healing; for there surely are but few persons eighty-five 5^ears 
of age who are so active and busy as he, and who, in his pro- 
fession, do the honors in many a crowded saloon long after mid- 
night. A rt and science had combined to celebrate his birthday 
worthily. It was plainly perceptible that the Germans played 
the chief role in this celebration. In an ante-room, just beneath, 
there was anew statue of Hahnemann, sculptured by Woltreck 
of Dessau. It is a masterpiece in conception and execution. He 
is represented sitting upon a rock and clothed in a plainly but 
beautifully draped mantle open at the breast ; and the details 
and incidents are so conceived that they satisfy and compose the 
eye without fixing it, and thus divert it from the main design to 
the beautiful and expressive head, which combines benevolence 
and intellectuality. The whole work does honor to the artist 
and will transmit to posterity the life like image of its original. 

"The celebration began with musical entertainments These 
are now ever3^where about as much alike as one egg is to another. 

"After the musical part poems were recited and speeches were 

"I might again have received some ennobling ideas, as from 
the music, from these speeches and poems, but they were only 
prepared for the occasion, and yet, as such, they were not with- 
out worth, and at all events did not fail to make their impression. 
Sufiice it to be said that the celebration was a consummate affair 
and was in every way worthy of the distinguished man in whose 
honor it was given. If Madame Hahnemann, as a French 
woman, is to blame because the discoverer of the new healing 
principle lives to-day in Paris, she has thereby made infinitely 
more interesting the last days of a brave battler for a cause that 
in many respects may surely be called holy, and has doubled 
and even increased ten- fold his renown. The brilliant and 
select company that yesterday thronged around Hahnemann, 


and which could scarcely have been found anywhere in Ger- 
many, is a proof of this opinion. And then the number of his 
pupils and also his very lucrative consultations are increasing 
in Paris every day. Seldom has an aged man seen his last days 
made so beautiful, and it may well be said, too, that not many 
have deserved to be thus esteemed and honored by mankind." 

Dr. Croserio, in a letter to Dr. Neidhard in 1840,* thus men- 
tions Hahnemann: "Invalids from the highest classes of 
society are constanty flocking to the cabinet of Hahnemann ; and 
notwithstanding the heat of the season, which drives all our 
aristocratic families into the country, his saloon is always full, 
and the patient is frequently compelled to await his turn from 
five to six hours before he can reach the sanctuary of ^sculapius. 
His weekly receptions — every Monday — are frequented by phy- 
sicians and gentlemen of the first distinction from difierent sec- 
tions of Europe. Hungary, Italj^ Germany, England and the 
Iberian peninsula, furnish visitors to this great man ; some at- 
tracted by the desire of acquiring valuable instruction from his 
long experience, others instigated by the laudable curiosity of 
enjoying the sight of a man celebrated in their respective countries, 
and all retire with hearts of grateful emotion, which the affection- 
ate gentleness of his entire deportment ever inspires, and with 
minds charged with admiration for the vast erudition and pro- 
found knowledge of the venerable Reformist." 

The following is an account of a wonderful cure made by our 
old doctor. Its authenticity has been questioned, but it has 
been thought advisable to include it in this history. 

It is the cure of the child of the French poet, Legouve, and 
was printed in Le Temps and was also published in the Hovice- 
opaf/iz'c Wor/d {or June, i88y. The editor says of it: "We pub- 
lish for the entertainment rather than for the instruction of our 
readers a translation of an article on Hahnemann. We need not 
inform our readers that, in this article, the Hahnemann de- 
scribed is almost purely mythical, being founded on the fact that 
an illustrious person of that name did once reside in Paris." 

In a letter addressed to the editor of the Homeopathic Times 
(Engli-sh) in 1850,! the Rev. Mr. Everest mentions the "most 
marvellous cure of the child of M. Legouve. the well-known 

* Ham. Exam., Vol. i., p. 346. 

"^London Homoeopathic Ti^nes, Vol. i , p. 565. 


French poet." Whether the present account be true or false, it 
is probable that Hahnemann did reallj' cure the child, else Mr. 
Everest would not mention it as a fact. The story is as follows: 

"My daughter, aged four years, was dying; our medical man, 

a physician, of the Hotel Dieu, Dr. R , had told one of our 

friends in the morning that she was irrevocably lost. Her 
mother and I were watching, perhaps for the last time, beside 
her cradle; Schoelcher and Goubaux were watching along with us, 
and in the room there was also a young man in evening dress, 
whom we had only known three hours previously, one of M. In- 
gres' most distinguished pupils, Amaury Duval. 

"We wished to hav^e a souvenir of the dear little creature 
whose fate we already bewailed, and Amaury, at the earnest re- 
quest of Schoelcher, who had gone to fetch him in the midst of 
a ball, consented to come and make this sad portrait. When the 
dear and charming artist (he was then twenty-nine years old) 
came overcome with emotion in the midst of our distress we had 
no idea, nor had he, that a few hours later he would do us the 
greatest service we had ever experienced, and that we should be 
indebted to him for something more valuable than the likeness 
of our child, to wit, her life. 

" He placed at the foot of the cradle, on a high piece of furni- 
ture, a lamp, whose light fell on the child's face. Her eyes were 
already closed, her body was motionless, her dishevelled hair 
hung about her forehead, and the pillow on which her head lay 
was not whiter than her cheeks and her little hand ; but infancy 
has such a charm of its own that the near approach of death 
seemed only to lend an additional grace to her face. 

" Amaury spent the night in drawing her, and he had, poor 
fellow, to wipe his eyes very frequently in order to prevent his 
tears from falling on his paper. 

"By morning the portrait was finished ; under the stimulus 
of emotion he had produced a masterpiece. When about to 
leave us, in the midst of our thanks and our sorrow, he all at 
once said: 'As your medical man declares your child's case 
hopeless, why do you not make a trial of the new medical system 
which is making such a noise in Paris; why do you not send for 
Hahnemann?' 'He is right,' cried Goubaux, 'Hahnemann 
is a near neighbor of mine. He lives in the Rue de Milan, op- 
posite to my institution. I do not know him, but that is no 


matter; I will go and bring him to you.' He went, he found 
twenty patients in the waiting room. The servant informed him 
he must wait and take his turn. 

" ' Wait,' cried Goubaux, ' My friend's daughter is dying, the 
doctor must come with me at once.' 'But, sir' — exclaimed 
the servant. 'I know I am the last. What does that matter? 
The last shall be first, says the Kvangelist.' Then turning to the 
patients, ' Is that not so, ladies? Won't you oblige me by letting 
me go up before you?' And without waiting for a reply, he 
walked straight up to the door of the doctor's study, opened it, 
and burst in in the middle of a consultation. ' Doctor,' he said, 
addressing Hahnemann, ' I know I am acting contrary to your 
rules, but you must leave all and come with me. It is for a 
charming little girl, four years old, who will die if you do not 
come. You cannot let her die. That's impossible.' And the 
irresistible charm of his manner prevailed, as it always does, and 
one hour afterwards Hahnemann and his wife came with him 
into our little patient's room. 

" In the midst of all the troubles that distracted my poor head, 
racked by pain and want of sleep, I thought I saw one of the 
queer people of Hoffman's fairy tales enter the room. Short in 
stature but stout, and with a firm step, he advanced, wrapped in 
a fur great coat and supported by a thick gold-headed cane. He 
was about eighty years of age; his head of admirable shape; his 
hair white and silky, brushed back and carefully curled round 
his neck; his eyes were dark blue in the centre, with a whitish 
circle around the pupils; his mouth imperious; the lower lip pro- 
jecting; his nose aquiline. 

"When he entered he walked straight up to the cradle, threw 
a piercing glance at the child, asked for particulars about her 
disease, never taking his eyes off the patient. Then his cheeks 
became flushed, the veins of his forehead swelled, and he ex- 
claimed in an angry voice: ' Throw out of the window all those 
drugs and bottles I see there! Carry this cradle out of this 
room. Change the sheets and the pillows, and give her as much 
water to drink as she likes. They have put a panful of hot coals 
in her inside. We must first extinguish the fire and then we 
will see what can be done.' 

"We hinted that this change of temperature and of linen 
might be dangerous to her. 'What is killing her,' he replied 


impatiently, 'is this atmosphere and these drugs. Get her into 
the drawing room, I will come again in the evening. And mind 
you give her water! water! water!' 

"He came again that evening ; he came again the next day 
and began to give his medicines, and each time he only said: 
'Another day gained!' 

"On the tenth day dangerous symptoms suddenly developed 
themselves. Her knees became cold. He came at eight o'clock- 
in the evening and remained for a quarter of an hour beside the 
bed, apparently a prey to great anxiety. At last, after consulta- 
tion with his wife, who always accompanied him, he gave us a 
medicine with the remark, 'Give her this and notice if between 
this and one o'clock the pulse gets stronger.' 

"At eleven o'clock, while feeling her wrist, I fancied I per- 
ceived a slight modification of the pulse. I called to my wife; • 
I called to Goubaux and Schoelcher. 

- "And now see us all feeling the pulse one after the other, look- 
ing at the watch, counting the beats, not daring to affirm any- 
thing, not daring to rejoice, until, at the expiration of a few 
minutes, we all four embraced each other, the pulse was certainly 
stronger. About midnight Chretian Uhran came in. He came 
towards me, and in an accent of profound conviction, said, 
'Dear M. I/Cgouve, your daughter is saved.' 

" 'She is certainly a little better,' I replied still desponding, 
'but between that and being cured — .' ' I tell you she is saved,' 
and going to the cradle he kissed the child on her forehead and 
took his departure. Bight days after this the patient was con- 

V3.1cSCdlt 'i^, 'r^ 'K '1^ -T^ 'f* '¥■ 

" The powerful structure of Hahnemann's face, his square jaw; 
the almost incessant palpitation of his nostrils; the quivering of 
the corners of his mouth, depressed by age; everything in him 
expressed conviction, passion, authority. His language, like his 
appearance, was original. ' Why,' lone daj^ asked him, ' why do 
you prescribe, even for these in health, the continual use of water?' 
' When one is strong or active, of what use are crutches of wine?' 
At another time I heard him make use of this expression, which 
sounds so strange if taken in a literal sense, but which is so pro- 
found if properly understood. ' There are no such things as dis- 
eases; there are only patients.' His religious faith was as gen- 
uine as his medical faith. Of this I had two striking instances. 


One day in spring I called on him and said, ' Oh, M. Hahne- 
mann, how fine it is to-day.' 'It is always fine,' he replied with 
a calm and serious voice. lyike Marcus Aurelius, he lived in the 
midst of genial harmony. 

"When my daughter was cured, I showed him Amaury 
Duval's delicious drawing. He gazed long and admiringly at 
this portrait, which represented the resuscitated girl as she was 
when he first saw her, when she seemed so near death. He then 
asked me to give him a pen, and he wrote beneath it: 

" ' Dieu I'a benie et I'a sauvee.' 

" ' Samuel Hahnemann.' 

" His portrait would not be complete unless I added that of 
his wife. She never left him. In his reception room she sat be- 
side his desk at a little table, where she worked like him and for 
him. She was present at all the consultations whatever might 
be the patient's sex or disease. She wrote down all the symp- 
toms of the disease, gave her advice to Hahnemann in German 
and made up his medicines. If he paid any professional visits, 
which he only did in exceptional cases, she always accompanied 
him It is a curious circumstance that Hahnemann was the third 
old man to whom she had become attached. 

"She commenced with painting, then changed to literature 
and finished with medicine. At twenty- five or thirty years of 
age, M'lle. d'Hervilly (that was her maiden name), pretty, tall, 
elegant, with a fresh complexion, her face surrounded with little 
blonde curls, and her small blue eyes as piercing as black ones, 

became the companion of a celebrated pupil of David, M.L ■. 

In marrying the painter she married painting, and she might 
have signed more than one of his pictures, as she subsequently 
signed the prescriptions of Hahnemann. 

" When M. L died, she turned to poetry in the person 

of a septuagenarian poet, for the further she went the older she 

liked them. This was M. A . She now devoted herself 

to making verses with the same ardor with which she had set 
about painting big historical pictures, and A having died in his 
turn, septuagenarians no longer contented her. She married the 
octogenarian Hahnemann! She now became as revolutionary in 
medicine as she had been classical in painting and poetry. Her 
devotion to Homoeopathy went the length of fanaticism. One day 
when I was complaining in her presence of the dishonesty of one 


of our servants whom we had been obliged to turn away, ' Why 
did you not let us know that sooner?' she replied, ' we have medi- 
cines for that.' Let me add that she was a person of rare intel- 
ligence and that she had wonderful skill as a sick nurse. No one 
knew better than she did how to devise all sorts of expedients for 
the comfort of poor patients. In her was combined the pious 
zeal of a sister of charity and the delicate resources of a woman 
of the world. The care she took of Hahnemann was admirable. 
"He died as such a man ought to die. Up to the age of 
eighty-four he remained a most eloquent proof of the excellence 
of his doctrine He had no infirmity, not the slightest sign of 
failure of intelligence or of memory. His regimen was simple, 
but without any afiectation of rigour. He never drank either 
pure water or pure wine. A few spoonfuls of champagne in a 
jug of water was his only drink, and in place of bread he ate 
every day a small sponge cake. 'My old teeth,' he said, 'find 
that easier to chew.' In summer he walked every fine evening 
from the Arc de Triomphe, and stopped at Tortoni's to eat an 



In 1840, one "Guancialis" wrote an epic poem in praise of 

It was published in Naples, and contained eight books of 
Latin hexameters. It gives a history of the discovery of the 
law of similia and of its introduction into the different lands of 
the earth. A review may be found in the British Journal of 
Homoeopathy, Vol. 4. p. 424. 

Dr. A. G. Hull visited Hahnemann in Paris, in 1840, and 
thus writes of it: "Furnished with letters from Dr. Hering, 
of Philadelphia, and Dr. Quin, of London, I found a welcome 
access to our venerable master. At this period Hahnemann oc- 
cupied a spacious mansion in the vicinity of the Luxembourg 
Gardens. Ushered by an attendant into the grand saloon at a 


moment when he was engaged with a patient in his adjoining 
study, I had an opportunity of individualizing the appointments 
of this noble apartment. Its walls were hung with varied and 
choice paintings in oil, many of them the productions oi his ac- 
complished wife. Vases, busts and medals — donatives from 
those whose gratitude his cures have evoked — were disposed in 
tasteful arrangement, and his centre table was laden with the 
productions of German, French and other tongues, presentation 
copies. Introduced into the library or study, I had for the first 
time the inexpressible gratification of beholding the face and 
grasping the hand of the great Reformist of our century. I felt 
myself in the presence of a mighty intellect, once compelled to 
struggle with keen adversity, to contend with the persecution 
and cupidity of his rivals, and in banishment to depend upon 
the protective shelter of a noble stranger, now independently 
situated in the heart of Europe, and proudly eminent in the ad- 
miration of. literati, philosophers, noblemen and crowned heads. 
Hahnemann, who is now approaching his 90th year, recalls in 
his venerable appearance the ideal of a Seneca or Plato, an 
Aristotle or Socrates. Attached to the usages of his study, he 
was, as is his general habit, attired in a morning gown, his 
silvered locks flowing on either side of his head from beneath a 
small and close German cap, after the fashion of a German 
University student. His capacious head of the finest Saxon 
mould, presented a full broad face, expressive of a noble benev- 
olence and high intelligence. I had anticipated many exhibi- 
tions of the progress of age in the physical condition of 
Hahnemann. But his firmness of figure, activity of movement 
and unimpaired sight and hearing are characteristic of the 
perfect health he enjoys, and form no slight or inconclusive 
commentary upon the excellence of the Homoeopathic regimen 
he has so scrupulously and so long observed. His mental 
faculties seem also in the judgment of all who have known him 
long to retain the vigor of former days ; and if I may be allowed 
to judge by the masterly criticisms and powerful arguments I 
have heard fall from his lips, the apostle of modern Germany 
has not succumbed to the ordinary ravages of time, but in man- 
hood and strength of intellect is in his green old age, 'Lord of 
the lion heart and eagle eye.'* I shall ever bear in mind the 
* Horn. Exam., Vol. II, p. 12. 


cordial greeting and warmth of welcome with which the great 
master received his American disciple. Immediately at ease, I 
engaged in a conversation, the recollection of which will con- 
tinue to cheer me in the struggle that is now pending on this 
side of the Atlantic. Hahnemann having relinquished visiting 
the sick for manj^ years, his practice is to a great extent con- 
sulting, and is exclusively confined to his office ; so that the 
sickness which commands his attentions and prescriptions, is of 
a chronic character. This experience is not to be estimated as 
inconsiderable as the revenue of Hahnemann from this form of 
practice exceeds 200,000 francs per annum. Hahnemann made 
earnest inquiries as to the condition and prospects of Homoeo- 
pathy in America. 

"From among the physicians of America he especially desig- 
nated Dr. Hering, of Philadelphia, his personal and long tried 
friend and former companion, and Dr. Gray, of New York, who 
some time before had communicated to him the pleasing intelli- 
gence of one of the highest concessions and compliments that 
could be paid to his worth by his Allopathic opponents in the 
United States, that of honorary membership in the Medical 
Society of New York." (The same society afterwards decided 
to reclaim this empty honor and so did. — B — d). 

"He spoke of Dr. Hering in the most aflfectionate terms, and 
expatiated freely upon his merits, attainments and perseverence 
in the humane cause he has espoused. He considers Dr. Hering 
one of his most efficient disciples ; to which decision all will 
respond who are acquainted with the devotion of this early 
pioneer, who fearlessly faced the yellow fever and exposed his 
system by patient experiments to the deadly influence of the 
venomous reptiles of Surinam. I bore with me from the hands 
of Madame Hahnemann a superb medallion of her husband, 
modelled by the celebrated sculptor David, as a souvenir to this 
estimable man and undeviating Homoeopathist. Hahnemann 
felt quite interested in the course of education adopted by 
American Homceopathists, and in his rejoinders gives a direct 
denial to the calumnious circulation charged upon him that 
medical instruction was not vitally essential to successful prac- 
tice. In answer to inquiry on this point, I stated that our regu- 
larly recognized Homoeopaths were qualified by their diplomas 
from the legal institutions of our country in the departments 


of anatomy, physiology, surgery, midwifery, materia medica, 
chemistry, botany and Allopathic medicine; i. e , were "regular 
physicians" before they commenced the study of Homoeopathy, 
which accomplished, rendered them alone competent to judge be- 
tween the merits of the two systems — to avoid the dangers of Allo- 
pathy and to appreciate the demonstrable advantages of Homoe- 

"Hahnemann 'rejoiced that his American disciples pursued the 
only true and creditable course for maintaining the exalted 
dignity and sacred duty that belongs to the physician . ' He further 
inquired if his American adherents had acquired their knowledge 
of his system in the German language. I replied that I had 
made it my duty to do so, and hoped that no Homoeopathist 
among my countrymen would with the present limited works in 
the English language consider himself a competent practitioner 
until he had studied well the fountain from whence the system 

"The memory of that moment is before me and I shall not 
soon forget the suddenly illuminated countenance of that good old 
man. His eyes flashed, his form expanded, and with the 
vehemence of one intensel}'- interested in the cause of his heart 
and life he spoke deeply eloquent. 

" 'The toil of my early Homoeopathic life and the labors of my 
German associates are principally confined to the language that 
gave them birth. To accumulate these treasures my disciples 
united with me in the midst of contempt and persecutions, in 
self-denials and life-periling experiments. Is it possible, then, 
that any man who professes to be a Homoeopathist and to love 
his species will not take the comparatively trifling trouble of 
acquiring this important preliminary to a correct acquisition of 
this great boon to the sick? No; it cannot be! Their solemn ob- 
ligations to diseased and dying humanity, to confer the benefits 
of medicine in the very best possible manner, should appeal to 
their consciences as they expect to be judged hereafter.' " 

"The time for farewell having arrived, I acquainted the 
venerable sage and his most excellent wife of ray intention and 
offered my grateful acknowledgments for their civilities. The 
old man, seemingly as a patriarch of old, arose, and embracing 
me most aff"ectionately with both hands, gave me a parting bene- 
diction, which like 'a pillar of cloud by day and pillar of fire by 


night shall guide my feet ' in the trackless field of contention 
the enemies of Homoeopathy are creating. 

' ' 'Farewell, my son ! Persevere as you have commenced, and you 
will rejoice in the gratitude of your beneficiaries. Go to your 
ntitive land, where the spirit of your Constitution spurns the 
tyranny of opinion, and propagate the truths I have so long and 
so successfully inculcated. Your efforts, guided by these truths, 
will acquire for you a brilliant triumph. God bless you, my 
son! Farewell!' "* 

In a letter to Dr. Schreeter Hahnemann thus expresses him- 
self regarding his life in Paris, f 

"Paris, 13th August, 1840. 
' ' Esteemed Friend and Colleague: 

" I know not when, in the course of my long life, I have been 
better or happier than in Paris, in the loved society of my dear 
Melanie, who cares for naught in the world more than for me. I 
also begin gradually to find that my professional labors are creating 
in the great Metropolis more than mere attention, a high respect 
for our divine healing art. All patients who are not bedridden, 
whatever their rank, visit me every day (Sundays excepted) in 
my study. To those only who are confined to bed I drive from 
eight to ten in the evening. Two or three times a week I go 
with my wife to a theatre or concert." 

The following letter was written to some one in America in 
1841 — Dudgeon says probably to one of Hering's German col- 
laborators in the Allentown Academy :| 

* ' Dear Frie^id : 

"How are you and your two dear boys? I hope I may- 
receive a very good account of you. I would also like to know 
if you have become familiar with our difiicult, no doubt, but 
very efficacious Homoeopathic practice ? 

" I and my dear wife, both together, cure a very great number 
of patients. She alone, at a later period of the day, cures very 
many poor patients, often to my astonishment. We receive 
patients of all ranks, even the highest, in our consulting room, 

* Horn. Examiner, Vol. i., p. 241. (July, 1840). 

"^ Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. vi., p. 416. Stapf s Arckiv, Vol. xxiii., pt. 3, 
p. 107. 

XHom. World, Vol. xxvi., p. 119. 


and I pay visits along with her, in my carriage, only to patients 
who are obliged to keep their beds, generally in the evening till 
midnight. I have consultations at my house only from ten in 
the morning until four in the afternoon. We are regularly 
besieged by patients, even in summer, when so many families 
live in the country. 

"There has been a great accession of nominal Homoeopaths 
since I came here (six years ago), but there are very few good, 
true, pure ones. There may be some good ones in the country 

" It I have been rightly informed, your Academy in Allentown 
grants diplomas to good Homoeopaths. If that is so, you would 
confer a favor on me if you would send one to my dear wife, 
Marie Melanie Hahnemann, nee d'Hervilly, for she is better 
acquainted with Homoeopathy, theoretically and practically, 
than any of my followers, and lives, I may say, for our art. 

" The two little cameos which the dear clergyman, Mr. Bayer^ 
is taking to you will give you a good idea of my head; the 
copper-plate engraving is, on the whole, also very like, only the 
artist has taken me in an unfortunate moment, when I was 
probably vexed by the bad behavior of the bastard -Homoeopaths 
in Germany; there is no trace in it of the kind-heartedness 
which is usually seen on my countenance. 

" God keep you in good health and prosperity. 
" Your quite devoted, 

"Samuel Hahnemann. 
' ' Paris, March 28, 184.1. 

" Write to me by post (that is the best way) to Paris, Rue de 
Milan — Clichy, No. i." 

In the Allgemeijie Zeihcrig may be found a short account of the 
eighty-sixth birthday celebration. It is as follows:* 

"Another acknowledgment of his distinguished services was 
recently given in Paris to Dr. Samuel Hahnemann on his 
eighty- sixth birthday. The city council of his native city, 
Meissen, unanimously conferred upon him the honor of citizen- 
ship, the mayor of the city engrossing the diploma which was 
presented to him at the jubilee on the loth of April by his 
excellency, the Saxon ambassador at Paris. How much this 
mark of attention rejoiced and honored the aged man is plainly 
to be inferred from his official reply to the city council of Meissen. 
*Allg. horn. Zeitung, Vol. xx., p. 112. (July 5, 1841). 


*' Ma}^ the great renovator of medicine receive many more such 
tokens of honor in his old age. They would afford him the best 
assurance of his rational and unceasing strife for the truth." 

Dr. Croserio, in a letter addressed to Dr. Neidhard, of Phila- 
delphia, and dated Paris, September 25, 1841, mentions this cir- 
cumstance as follows:* ' ' The burgomasters of the city of Meissen 
have bestowed the title of honorary citizenship on Hahnemann, 
and have had the delicacy to present the diploma to him through 
the minister pf Saxony, on the loth of April, his birthday. 
This spontaneous act of the principal association of a city in 
favor of the founder of doctrines which they consider beneficial 
to humanity, living twelve hundred miles apart from them, and 
all these acts of other bodies, are the best proofs of the considera- 
tion and esteem in which Homoeopathy is held throughout the 

The loth of August, 1841, was also celebrated as usual. 
Croserio saysrf " You will doubtless be glad to learn that our 
venerable master enjoys excellent health, notwithstanding his 
great age. His body and mind preserve all the activity and 
energy of middle age. He is going to publish the sixth edition 
of his 'Organon,' revised, in French, and written entirely by 
his own hand, in the intervals taken from his occupations with 
the immense circle of patients by whom he is continually sur- 
rounded. The I oth of August we celebrated at his own house 
the sixty-second anniversary of his doctorate. The guests were 
numerous and animated with pleasure at seeing this man thus 
recompensed in his old age for his immense labors in the cause 
of humanity. The illustrious host also visibly rejoiced in see- 
ing himself surrounded by his attached friends, his numerous 
patients and disciples; for his heart is open like a child's to 
every mark of friendship and affection. Drs. Calandra, of 
Palermo, and Sommers, of Berlin, read, each of them, a copy of 
verses in their mother tongue on a subject of great interest to 
the company; for these reunions have a peculiar character of 
cosmopolitanism, which is met with nowhere else. The lan- 
guage of the country is the one least spoken, and I had the 
pleasure of conversing in Spanish, Italian, English and German. 

* Horn, Exam., Vol. iii., p 61. 

t Letter to Dr. Neidhard, Horn. Exam., Vol. iii., p. 59. 


This is a centre where all nations unite in brotherhood, in senti- 
ments of veneration for the illustrious founder of Homoeopathy, 
and in reciprocal testimonies to the superiority of this doctrine 
over all others which have preceded it, being for the most part 
living proofs of that power to which they owe their health, and 
many of them their lives." 

What more potent answer to the great little men of the present 
day, who just about so often inform us what an old ignoramus 
Hahnemann was, than to invite them to picture to themselves 
this scene of his declining years. The old man, with his 
fine intellectual face, his white hair curling on either side of his 
lofty brow, his manner filled with the enthusiasm and unrest of 
genius, surrounded by learned men of half a dozen countries, 
able to speak to each in his mother tongue. Imagine this 
brilliant assembly, met to do honor to the most brilliant of them 
all. Here a sentence in English, there a soft Italian phrase, 
then some witty sentence in the diction of his fatherland, anon a 
Spanish question, again a witty French bon mot — Hahnemann 
answering each in its own tongue. The while Madame Hahne- 
mann, the hostess, charming in her easy grace, giving to all a 
worthy welcome, and honoring the dear old man, her medical 
Master and her beloved husband. And this in the brightest city 
in the world. 

It is quite time that the medical and other critics and detrac- 
tors of Hahnemann fit glasses of truth to their myopic and astig- 
matic eyes, and let Hahnemann alone. 

As has been seen all of the birthdays of Hahnemann were 
utilized to honor him. His life at Paris was one long fete. 



In 1841 two of Hahnemann's admirers, Mr. William Leaf, of 
London, and Mr. Franz Arles-Dufour, of Lyons, France, wished 
to place an inscription in the house at Meissen in which Hahne- 
mann was born. The following is a copy of the Latin inscrip- 


tioii that was prepared by these gentlemen together with a letter 
from Hahnemann written in French concerning it:* 

"Chr. Fr. Samueli Hahnemann, co7iditori^ Medicinae vera cele- 
berrimo immortali artis medendi Homoeopathicae auctori ij usque 
primo professori, segrorum praesidio firmissimo summo saxonum 
decori. Hoc patria domo monumentum Guilielmus Leaf, Lon- 
dinensis, grati piique cultores posuerunt anno MDCCCXIyll." 

^Antimdo Emendatori. 

In the original as sent to Hahnemann the word eme?idatori was 
used instead of conditori. As will be seen by the letter this was 
not pleasing to Hahnemann. The original of the follow- 
ing letter is written in French, and as usual with Hahnemann's 
writing is so fine and exact as to resemble copper plate: 

" Paris, Dec. ii, 1841. 
' 'Dear Doctor and Friend: 

"I have received all your amiable letters, for which I thank 
you most heartily, also for your good friendship which I here- 
with reciprocate. Dr. Schubert, of Leipsic, has written me that 
Mr. L,eaf and Mr. Aries- Dufour intend to place an inscription on 
the house in which I was born at Meissen. He sends me a copy of 
it so that I may correct anything that I should judge improper. 

"While I appreciate the smallness of my personal value I 
must claim in the name of Homoeopathy that the entirely false 
expression of eme7idatori be changed into that of conditori. One 
must break every allia?ice with tmtruth. Mr. Schubert writes me 
to address this correction to you in order to lay it properly before 
Mr. Leaf, which I herewith do; embracing you, 

"I wish you good health and success, 

"Samuel Hahnemann." 

Dr. Black, of England, in an address before the British 
Homoeopathic Congress, held in 1872, said:t " I knew Hahne- 
mann a year before his death, but age had told on his frame and 
his intellect; it left untouched his enthusiasm and his desire to 
work. When he bade me good-bye, embracing me, he said: 
'Work, work, and the good God will bless thee.' " 

*The compiler is indebted to the courtesy of Dr. J. H. McClelland, of 
Pittsburgh, Pa., for the above inscription and letter. Dr. McClelland owns 
the original letter by Hahnemann. 

■\ Med. Investigator, Vol. ix., p. 558. 


It may be mentioned here that Hahnemann was, during his 
life in Paris, visited by several prominent Allopathic physicians. 

Dr. Valentine Mott, of New York, the celebrated surgeon, 
visited him, and after his return thus spoke: "Hahnemann is 
one of the most accomplished and scientific physicians of the 
present age."* 

But the days of celebrations, fetes and interviews v»^ith great 
men, with which his life in Paris had been filled, were now about 
to cease. He, who ten years before in Germany had spoken of 
himself as on the verge of the grave, was now a very aged man. 

We have nearly reached the end of the story of this magnifi- 
cent life. From privation, trial, calumny; from the peace of 
Coethen; from the distinguished honors of Paris; let us turn to a 
death calm and dignified, worthy in every way of the life. 

For the previous ten years Hahnemann had been every spring 
a sufferer from that disease of the very old, bronchial catarrh. 
In April, 184-3, ^^ was again taken with this disease and became 
at once seriously ill. He as usual prescribed for himself, and 
when he became too weak to do this recommended the remedies 
that his wife and Dr. Chatran should use Patiently he suffered 
the severe paroxysms of difficult breathing peculiar to his dis- 
ease, evincing to the last that benign spirit of devoutness to God 
that had characterized his whole life. The end came early in 
the morning of Sunday, July 2, 1843. 

Jahr, writing to the Allgemeine Zeihing,^ two days later, says:| 


" About the 15th of April he was taken ill with the malady 
that usually attacked him in the spring, a bronchial catarrh, and 

* " Trans. N. Y. State Horn. Med. Soc," Vol. i., p. 119 (1863). 

■\ Allg. horn. Zeitung, Vol. xxiv., p. 257 (July 10, 1843). Ameke, p. 166. 
Leben und Wirke7i, p. 80. 

J Rather a singular error occurred in the letter written by Jahr to the 
editor of the Allegenieine honwopathische Zeihing announcing Hahne- 
mann's death. Instead of writing July he wrote June at the beginning of 
the letter. In Dr. Hering's copy of the Zeitung the letter is dated /««/ ^, 
but Dr. Hering in his characteristic blue pencil mark has crossed this 
and written Juli. From the Zeitung this error was copied into the Al- 
brecht books, Ameke gives it as June 4, Fischer in his translation from 
Albrecht gives July 4, and this date is correct. Hahnemann certainly died 
on July 2d, at five in the morning, and Jahr sent the first news to Ger- 
many, writing two days later, on July 4th. 


it took such hold of him that his wife admitted no one. The 
report was spread several times that he was dead; this, however, 
was contradicted. I had been intending to call myself when I 
received a note from Madame Hahnemann begging me to come 
that same day. I went at once and was admitted to Hahne- 
mann's bedroom. Here, think of the sight, instead of seeing 
Hahnemann, the dear, friendly old man, smile his greeting, I 
found his wife stretched, in tears, on the bed and him lying cold 
and stiff by her side, having passed five hours before into that 
life where there is no strife, no sickness and no death. Yes, dear 
friends, our venerable Father Hahnemann has finished his course; 
a chest affection has, after a six weeks' illness, liberated his 
spirit from its weary frame. 

" His mental powers remained unimpaired up to the last 
moment, and although his voice became more and more unintelli- 
gible yet his broken words testified to the continued clearness of 
his mind and to the calm with which he anticipated his approach- 
ing end. At the very commencement of his illness he told those 
about him that this would be his last, as his frame was worn out. 
At first he treated himself, and till a short time before his death 
he expressed his opinions relative to the remedies recommended 
by his wife and a certain Dr. Chatran. He only really suffered 
just at the end from increasing oppression on the chest. When 
after one such attack his wife said: ' Providence surely owes 
you exemption from all suffering, as you have relieved so many 
others and have suffered so many hardships in your arduous life;' 
he answered: 'Why should I expect exemption from suffering? 
Everyone in this world works according to the gifts and powers 
which he has received from Providence, and more or less are 
words used only before the judgment seat of man, not before 
that of Providence. Providence owes me nothing. I owe it 
much. Yes, everything.' 

' ' Profound grief for this great loss is felt here by all his follow- 
ers. All shed tears of gratitude and affection for him. But the 
loss of those who have had the happiness of enjoying the friend- 
ship and affection of this great man can only be estimated by 
those who have known him in his domestic circle, and especially 
during his last years. He, himself, when not persecuted by 
others, was not only a good, but a simple-hearted and benevolent 
man, who was never happier than when among friends to whom 


he could unreserved!}' open his heart. Well, he has nobly fought 
through and gloriouslj' completed his difficult and often painful 
course. Sit ei terra levis !" 

Dr. Hull announced his death in the Homoeopathic Examiner 
for September, 1843,* as follows: "This impressive event took 
place on the second of July, after a protracted bronchial catarrh. 
The disease began on the twelfth of April, two days after he had 
celebrated his eighty seventh birthday in excellent health and 
spirits. Hahnemann had for twenty years suffered from attacks 
of this disease in the spring of the year. He had ever, as in this 
instance, prescribed for himself. This last attack set in with a 
serious diarrhoea, which exhausted him very much. In the 
early stages of the sickness he announced to his friends the 
opinion that he could not survive it. 'The earthly frame is 
Vi^orn out' was his expression. He seems to have suffered but 
slightly till a short time (probably a few days only) before his 
decease, when a dyspnoea came on in paroxysms increasing in 
severity until the final one, which lasted thirteen hours and ter- 
minated in suffocation." Croserio writing to Dr. Hull, says: 

"How much equanimity, patience and imperturbable goodness 
he exhibited! Though he had a distinct presentiment of his ap- 
proaching end, yet he never permitted an expression to escape 
him which could alarm his wife; he calmly made his final ar- 
rangements, and embraced each of his friends with tenderness, 
such as belonged to a final adieu, but with steady equanimity. 
Hahnemann expired at 5 A. m. Two hours afterwards I visited 
his sacred remains. The face expressed an ineffable calm. 
Death could not detract the least from the angelic goodness which 
belonged to the expression of his features." 

It is said that the widow of Hahnemann applied for and re- 
ceived permission to retain his body for twenty days beyond the 
usual time of interment. The body was embalmed by Ganal.f 

It does not seem that many people saw Hahnemann during his 
last illness. Jahr expressed himself to that effect, implying that 
his best friends were excluded from the sick chamber. 

Dr. Suss- Hahnemann, in a letter to the editor of the British 
Journal of Homoeopathy, May 30. 1865, says: ]{; "Unfortunately 

* Horn. Exam., Vol. iii , p. 257 (Sept., 1843), 

■\ Horn. Exam., Vol. iii., p. 25S. 

X Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxiii., p. 423. 


I was only present at the very last dying moments of my grand- 
father, not even on the eve of his death, although my late 
mother and I had arrived in Paris already a whole week previous 
to this sad event taking place. In spite of our most earnest en- 
treaties, in spite of Hahnemann's own wish to see once more his 
favorite daughter, Madame Hahnemann resolutely and sternly 
refused us an interview with our dying parent, when he would 
have been still able to speak to us and to bless us." 

Hahnemann's death was a great grief to the many friends of 
the new system of medicine. It was generally noticed in the 
journals of both medical schools. 

The following account appeared in the British Journal of 
Homceopathy :^ 

"death of HAHNEMANN." 

"It is our painful duty to announce the death of our vener- 
able Master, an event quite unexpected by those who on his last 
birthday, three months before, were witnesses of the mental and 
bodily vigor of which he then gave proof. 

"Samuel Hahnemann died in his eighty-ninth year at his 
house in the Rue de Milan, Paris, at five o'clock on the morning 
of Sunday, 2d July, after an illness of six weeks. 

"His remains are for the present laid in Madame Hahne- 
mann's family vault at Montmartre, but will probably, ere long, 
be transferred to Germany. 

" His illness commenced with a bilious diarrhoea, succeeded 
by an intermittent fever, which greatly reduced his strength. 
It first assumed a tertian, then a quotidian type; he rallied sur- 
prisingly, however, and was deemed convalescent, when bron- 
chitis senilis supervened, under which he sunk in three days. 
He retained his faculties entire to the last, and shortly before he 
expired dictated a short and simple epitaph. f 

"He bade adieu to his wife and friends, commended himself 
to God, and died. 

"Shortly before his death, while suffering from difficulty of 
breathing, his wife said to him: ' Providence owes you a mitiga- 
tion of your sufferings, since, in your life, you have alleviated 
the sufferings of so many, and yourself endured so much.' 'Me,' 
replied the dying sage, 'why then me? Each man here below 

* Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. i., p. 415 (Oct., 1843. 
tNon inutilis vixi. (I have not lived iu vain). 


works as God gives hiin strength, and meets with a greater or 
less reward at the judgment seat of man; but he can claim no 
reward at the judgment seat of God. God owes me nothing, 
but I owe God much, yea all.' These are memorable words, 
spoken in death-bed sincerity. 

"Hahnemann is dead, but his mighty truth cannot die; so 
that while we turn sadder and wiser from the deathbed of our 
great Master, who, when living, taught us how to live, and now 
has taught us how to die, if we would have him still to guide 
our way, we must seek his spirit, and may it prove a bond of 
sacred union in the work he has so nobly done; and while we 
prosecute this we shall have the proud gratification that we are 
completing his labors and erecting his monument." 

In the same number of the British Jotu^nal appears the follow- 
ing: "Though he had been ill for many weeks before, few of 
those around him anticipated that his demise was near at hand; 
but he himself seemed to have expected it, as some months be- 
fore he said to a friend, 'It is perhaps time that I quit this earth, 
but I leave it all and always in the hands of my God. My head 
is full of truth for the good of mankind, and I have no wish to 
live but in so far as I can serve my fellowmen.' 

" His intellect remained quite unclouded to the last, and but 
a few moments before his death he uttered some epithet of en- 
dearment to his wife, and pressed the hand of his favorite serv- 
ant, who was supporting him in his arms." 

Albrecht writes: "How deeply it grieved us when on the 
loth day of July, 1S43, and therefore just one month before a 
convention of Homoeopathic physicians was to be held in Dres- 
den under the direction of Dr. Trinks, President of the Board of 
Health, we read the following communication: 'Homoeopathy 
has suffered a great loss. Its founder, Samuel Hahnemann, the 
Nestor of German physicians, died yesterday morning at five 
o'clock in his eighty eighth year. The sorrow on account of 
his death is extraordinarily great, and his funeral may be one of 
the largest ever solemnized in Paris.' " 




It was the wish of the many friends and disciples of Hahne- 
mann living in Paris to honor and show him respect by attend- 
ing his funeral. But he had none. The time of his burial was 
kept a secret. The following account appeared in the British 
Journal of Homoeopathy .•* 

"Though her union with the illustrious Founder of Homoe- 
opathy had been so profitable to Madame Hahnemann, her grati- 
tude towards him did not assume the form of wasting any of the 
money he had earned on ostentatious funeral obsequies. Proba- 
bly she thought that as expensive pompes funebres would not 
profit the dead, she might as well practice a strict economy in 
the matter of his burial. Many of Hahnemann's friends in Paris 
were desirous of testifying their respect for him by attending his 
body to the grave, but this wish his widow disappointed by 
keeping the time of his funeral a profound secret. Early one 
morning a common hearse drove into the courtyard of the man- 
sion in the Faubourg St. Honore, the coffin was put into it, and 
the hearse was speedily driven off to the Montmartre Cemetery, 
followed on foot by the bereaved widow; by Hahnemann's 
daughter, Madame L/iebe, and her son; and a young doctor 
named Lethiere. These were the only mourners. The body 
was consigned to an old vault without any ceremony, religious 
or otherwise, and to this day, we understand, there is no tomb- 
stone or inscription to distinguish his obscure grave, so it would 
now be difficult, if not impossible, to discover the last resting- 
place of the great man." 

Dr. Puhlmann, in the Leipziger Popidaire Zeitschrift fur 
Homoopathie, July i, 1893, says: "As early as six o'clock, in the 
morning in gloom and rain, on July 11, 1843, a funeral proces- 
sion moved through the streets of Paris to the Cemetery of Mont- 
martre. Only a few persons walked behind the hearse, which 
bore, encased in a plain coffin, the worthy remains of a man who 

* Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxxvi., p. 301. 


had begun fifty years before to reform radically the system of 
healing — a German physician whose corpse was to be interred in 
a foreign land — Dr. Samuel Hahnemann. 

"For many years the aged physician had suffered every spring 
from bronchial catarrh, but had always completely recovered 
again; so that the customary return of this disease, which 
attacked him again about the middle of April, 1843, had no 
special significance. But it was to be his last sickness. The 
aged man grew weaker and weaker. And sometimes, when 
paroxysms of suflfocation or choking set in, they occasioned 
much anxiety. But the dying embers of the fire of life in the 
venerable founder of Homoeopathy always rekindled; and 
although he predicted his own death, his family would not 
believe that his end was so near. Hence his death, so soon fol- 
lowing on the second of July, was quite unexpected to them. 
His widow could scarcely realize her great loss; and, in her 
bewilderment, omitted to send notice of his funeral to relatives 
and friends. 

"But she went to the proper magistrate to get permission to 
have his remains embalmed, so that their entombment might be 
delayed as long as possible. She obtained the permission, and 
Ganal, the most celebrated embalmer of his day, discharged 
with great skill the duties assigned to him. Then, for the first 
time, she issued notices of the funeral, and relatives and friends 
thus knew of the actual decease of the great man, whom the 
daily press during the few months preceding had repeatedly 
reported to be dead. 

" The hour of the funeral services, however, was not stated in 
the notices. The many tokens of love and sympathy, which 
are sent to the house of mourning in the form of crosses and 
palm leaves, would have put the sorrowing widow in a frame of 
mind in which she would no longer have had control of her 
thoughts, wishes and purposes; and hence the entombment of 
the body on that morning early, without the many admirers of 
the deceased having any knowledge of it. Instead of an impos- 
ing funeral procession, as the world- renowned physician had 
deserved, there were in the procession only the sorrowing widow, 
the deceased's daughter, Madame Suss, and her son, who had 
hastened hither from London, the Homoeopathic physician, Dr. 
lyCthiere, and the servants of the household. 


"A monumental stone with the inscription: ' Chretian Frederic 
Samuel Hahnemann,' on the left side of Section 16 of Mont- 
martre Cemetery, marks the spot where the deceased was laid in 
his eternal resting place. This resting-place, as well as those of 
many other celebrated men buried in Moutmartre, as, for instance, 
that of the poet Heinrich Heine, belongs to those historic sepul- 
chres that are kept in repair at the expense of the government, 
when relatives no longer care for their departed." 

Concerning this funeral, Albrecht writes: "In order to show 
that it is a matter of no consequence to us to place in a favorable 
light an event interwoven with the catastrophe of Hahnemann's 
life-drama, or to work it up in any partisan sense and erect 
thereon a showy structure of artistic finish, and in order to re- 
main entirely free of prejudice also, we will give here a manu- 
script report of the interment of Hahnemann's earthly remains. 
Of course Melanie plays a very conspicuous part in the obsequies. 
Hahnemann's body was embalmed, laid in an exceedingly plain 
wooden cofiin, lined with zinc, and placed in a vault, in which 
Melanie had already buried two friends. All the cofiins are 
visible through a grated door. At the hour that Hahnemann 
was buried the rain poured down in torrents. The funeral 
cortege was very small (einfach), consisting only of Melanie, 
daughter Amalie, Dr. Suss, Uncle I^eopold Suss and the servants 
of the household." 

He further says that the funeral occurred on the rainy morn- 
ing of August II, 1843, and continues as follows: "No splendid 
monument is required for Hahnemann. Over his tomb, like the 
angel with the leaf of eternal peace, lingers the heaven-born 
consciousness of a life devoted to duty, science, art, the welfare 
of mankind and the service of God. By the side of this angel 
stands another, the certainty that nothing really good, really 
beneficial, can ever perish, but defies death and the grave, con- 
tinuing in everlasting activity, and thus identifying itself with 
the highest order of things and the government of the universe. 
A third angel hovers there, revealing to our gaze the name of 
Hahnemann, and the significant words ' Non inutilis vixV"^ are 
graven there as with a sunbeam." 

The following account of the burial ma}^ be found in the Honi- 

*I have not lived in vain. Hahnemann wrote these words as a suitable 
inscription for his own monument on July 28, 1839. 


ceopathic World. -"^^ "Madame Hahnemann buried her husband 
with less decency and less regard than that which is shown to 
the poorest of our sorrowing poor. Many were the applications 
and requests of his admirers and disciples to be allowed to attend 
his funeral, but all to no purpose. The day and hour of the 
funeral were kept a perfect secret. Early one morning in July, 
1843, a common hearse drew up in the courtyard of Hahnemann's 
mansion, the cofl&n was quickly lifted into it, and as quickly as 
the hearse had entered the courtyard so it drove away again. 
His wife, his daughter, his grandson and a young Dr. I,ethiere 
were the only mourners who followed the hearse — on foot — to 
the neighboring cemetery of Montmartre. 

"There Hahnemann's coffin was pushed in a most unseemly 
manner into an old vault, where two coffins had already been 
previously placed by Madame Hahnemann. There w^as no 
funeral ceremony whatever, no funeral rites, no blessing on the 
distinguished dead." 

Dr. Suss Hahnemann, who was the grandson present, says of 
this funeral : f "The ostentatious affection which the wife dis- 
played towards her husband whilst alive soon vanished after his 
death. The immortal Founder of HomcEopathy was buried like 
the poorest of the poor; his funeral taking place as early in the 
morning as six o'clock, under a pelting rain, a common hearse 
bearing the remains of the great man to his last rest, only his 
wife, his widowed daughter, my late mother, myself, and Dr. 
Lethiere being the mourners who followed. The coffin was 
deposited, and is still at the present moment, in an old vault, 
where his 'devoted wife had already deposited the remains of two 
aged friends, so that Hahnemann's wish to have on his tomb- 
stone the words written, ' Non inutilis vixi,' remains in abej^- 

After the death of Madame Hahnemann, in 1878, the most of 
the above statements were printed. In the obituary of that lady, 
printed in the British Journal of Homceopathy for July, 1878, the 
account of Hahnemann's obscure interment is given. In the 
January number, 1879, of the same Journal is published an 
answer from one M. Sanches, who signs himself a man of letters 

'^Hom. World, Vol. xiii., p. 349. 

"^ Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxii., p. 679. 


attached to the Prefecture of the Seine. 'i^ He advances excuses 
for Madame Hahnemann's course. He excuses the visit to 
Coethen in masculine garments; says that Madame Hahnemann 
was not influenced by avarice, and that after her husband's 
death she continued to treat patients, but gratuitously; that 
the obscure funeral was at Hahnemann's own wish; and the 
reason why his grave was not distinguished by some sign was 
that she feared the malicious attacks upon it of jealous physi- 
cians. However, it thus happened, and, so far as the compiler 
"has been able to discover, Hahnemann still rests in the unknown 
grave in the old cemetery on the hill of Montmartre, in Paris. 

The New York Homoeopathic Physicians' Society called a 
■special meeting on the loth of August, immediately after the 
news of Hahnemann's death had been received, and Dr. Gray 
was selected to pronounce, at a future occasion, a eulogy upon 
the illustrious man. It was decided to hold this meeting on the 
loth of April of the following year. The New York Homoeo- 
pathic Society, of which William Cullen Bryant was the Presi- 
dent, also assembled in order to co-operate with the Physicians' 
Society. A letter of condolence was sent to Madame Hahne- 
mann, dated New York, August 9th, 1843.! 

In Philadelphia a printed circular was sent about for signa- 
tures. It read as follows : 

''To 3felanie D'Hervilly, Widow of S. Hahnemann^ and to His 
Children and Grandchildreji : 

" Fully sensible that to you who stood nearest to the venerable 
Hahnemann, the sorrow occasioned by his decease must be the 
■severest, we desire to send a word of condolence from this far 
land. You will receive this expression of our sympathy as a 
token also that he still lives — still lives not only in the world to 
which he is gone, but here also, where he was and where we 
yet are. He lives in the great principles which he asserted, he 
lives in the thankful regards of the great multitude whom he 
has relieved. He lives, for he is still ministering to human 
infirmities, still alleviating human suffering; and he will live 
so long as the healing art continues to be a blessing to the 

Dr. Hering, in speaking of the death of Dr. Hahnemann, said: 

*Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxxvii., p. 98. 
-\ Horn. Exam., Vol. iii., p. 319. 


"When at last the fatal hour had struck for the sublime old 
man who had preserved his vigor almost to his last moments, 
then it was that the heart of his consort who had made his last 
years the brightest of his life was on the point of breaking. 
Many of us seeing those who are dearest to us engaged in the 
death struggle would exclaim, why shouldst thou suffer so 
much ! So too exclaimed Hahnemann's consort. "Why shouldst 
thou who hast, alleviated so much suffering, suffer in thy last 
hour? This is unjust, Providence should have allotted to thee 
a painless death.' Then he raised his voice as he had often 
done when he exhorted his disciples to hold fast to the great 
principle of Homoeopathy. 'Why should I have been thus dis- 
tinguished? Each of us should here attend to the duties which 
God has imposed upon him. Although men may distinguish 
more or less, yet no one has any merit. God owes nothing to 
me, I to Him all.' With these words he took leave of the 
world, of his friends, and his foes." 

The calmness and resignation with which Hahnemann viewed 
death is well expressed by words written by him in a letter to 
his dear friend and pupil, Stapf, in 18 16:* "We want but a little 
space of the completion of our course. Already does the last 
hour, the last minute, of my passage to the Father of purity and 
virtue stand vividly before my eyes, in which, with my cold 
finger, I shall point, almost imperceptibly, upward; and then 
comes the last moment. Pleasant, joyful, grateful is that hour 
to the man who has striven to enable himself to meet it 

At a festival held on the loth of August, 1843, in Dresden, at 
which the minds of those present turned on Hahnemann, Dr. 
Rummel delivered the following poem in his memory:! 


(Geb. d. 10 April, 1755 zu Meissen, gest. d. 2 Juli 1843 zu Paris.) 
Zutn 10 August, 1843. 

Du willst schou schlafen, milder Wahrheitspfleger ? 

Des ueuen Lichtes Strahlen rotlien kaum 

Der alten Nachte tiefsten Wolkensaum 

Und Deine Freunde schleichen trag' uud trager. 

Steh' auf, als Vaterlands vertrieb'ner Klager, 

*Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. iii., p. 139. 

■\Allg. horn. Zeitung, Vol. xxv., p. 7. "Lebeu und Wirken," p. 83. 


Und doun're aus dem selbstzufried'neu Traum 
Sie auf vou der Gewohnheit liebem Flaum, 
Dass se erwacheu niuuterer und reger. 
Tritt zu deu Feindeii mit der Zornestniene, 
Mit der Du: " Meuscbenmorder " riesst, heran, 
Ein Hamletsgeist, ein Schreckeu selbst fiir Kiihne, 
Zerstore ihreu Duukel, ihrea Wahn. 
Dann erst reich' Deiue kalte Hand zu Siihne 
Und schlafe, wie Du jetzt zu friih gethan." 

In the same paper for April i, 1844, appeared the following: 
" We have received an imitation in French, published on the 
loth of last August, of the German poem, by Rummel, on the 
death of Hahnemann, and we give it a place in our Gazette the 
more gladly because it may be known to but a few of our readers, 
and because it is from the pen of the widow of the deceased. 

" Le 10 AouT, 1843." 

" Tu veux dormir deja, toi de la verite 
Vieux tuteur fatigue ! la nouvelle clarte 
Dore a peine les bords du tenebreux uuage, 
Fils trompeur de I'antique nuit; 
Et desunis, tes amis sans courage, 
Se traiuent lachement et suivent au passage 
L'habitude qui les conduit. 
Toi dont I'exil accuse la Patrie ! 
Tonne sur eux, des feux de ton genie 
Brule leurs coeurs ! bientot regeneres, 
Qu'ils triomphent partout sous tes lauriers sacres. 
Puis de faux dieux, destructeur intrepide, 
Aux prophetes nienteurs va crier: Homicide ! 
Aux rayons de I'astre sauveur 
Que I'efFroi les poursuive et le remord veugeur ! 
A la raison convertis leur folie; 
Qu'ils adorent enfin la sainte verite, 
Lors seulement tends une main amie, 
Bienfaiteur des Humains, O toi ! pere d'Higie, 
Savoure I'immortalite." 
"Par Madame Hahnemann, Imitation libre des Vers allemands, publics a 
Dresde, par M. le dr Rummel." 

Which freely translated is as follows: 

"To HAHNEMANN, August 10, 1S43." 
" Sleep gently wrappeth thee now in her fold. 
Thee, truth's grandest teacher, weary and old, 
A new light just gilds the edge of the cloud 
That, born of old night, appals like a shroud. 


Disunited, thy frieuds halt on the way; 

In old paths of habit, faint-hearted, stray. 

Thou, whose exile shames thy own fatherland, 

Thunder above them ! burn their hearts where they stand 

With thy fire of soul ! till, wakened, they find 

In th}' sacred laurels new triumphs twined. 

Then to the false gods, destroyer, well tried. 

To prophets of lies then cry — homicide 1 

May the brilliant light of thy guardian star, 

A fear and remorse, pursue them afar ! 

Hold outward thy friendly hand as of yore; 

From folly to reason turn them once more. 

That at last the holy truth they adore. 

Benefactor of men, O, thou father of health ! 

Art well dowered at last with Immortality's wealth ! 



Such was the life of a great benefactor to mankind. Born in 
the middle of a century whose influence shaped our own; a cen- 
tury prodigal in great men; in the year when Frederick, des- 
tined to be called The Great, was masquerading among the art 
galleries of Holland; wandering in boyhood on the fair hills of 
Meissen when all Europe was engaged in the Seven Years' War 
and Saxony was crushed by iron heels; going forth the young 
scholar to Academic Leipsic just when that unfortunate monarch, 
Eouis XVI., was ascending the guillotine-shadowed throne of 
France; when George the Third was king and America was only a 
colony of England; when Rousseau was yet writing of the Rights 
of Man; when cynical Voltaire was mentor to Prussian Frederick. 

A man in his prime, he was patiently searching for nature's 
law of cure when the world was appalled by the Reign of Terror; 
when the little sous-lieutenant of artillery, Bonaparte, saw with 
indignant eyes the sans culottes of Paris, drunk with blood, be- 
siege the dissolute court of Marie Antoinette; when noble Mirabeau 
yet lived; when Marat and Robespierre led in France the Devil's 
Dance of Death. 

He was of the time of the Boston tea party and the declara- 


tion on the State House steps of Philadelphia; of the day of 
Washington and Lafayette. He saw Napoleon build an empire 
on the ashes of a revolution; saw him march across the lands 
of Germany; saw Austerlitz; saw the dismal retreat from Mos- 
cow, and acted there as good physician to the sick and suffering 
army of 1813. He listened to the echoes of Waterloo — the story of 
St. Helena. He left Germany for brilliant Paris when Bis- 
marck was a student of twenty; he, the recluse, the scholar, the 
thinker, became in his old age the fashionable physician in the 
gayest city in the world. 

He lived through the changes of a world's century; saw his 
system of healing rise from contempt to honor; knew hardship; 
died in luxury in the world's capital. 

Scholar whom scholars honored and respected. Physician 
whom physicians feared. Philologist with whom philologists 
dreaded to dispute. Chemist who taught chemists. Philosopher 
whom adversity nor honor had power to change. 

Hahnemann, one of the figures standing out boldly from the 
canvas of that great century on which are painted the exploits of 
many remarkable men. 

Jean Paul Richter, " the only one," who was in Leipsic at the 
same time that Hahnemann was, and most probably knew him 
personally, thus speaks of him:* " Hahnemann, this extraordi- 
nary, double brain (Doppelkopf) of philosophy and erudition, 
whose system must eventually lead to the ruin of the common 
recipe-crammed brains, but which as yet has been little accepted 
b}^ practitioners, and is more detested than examined." 

That this man was a scholar, a thinker, was of indomitable 
will, was respected, is not to be denied. He was a careful man, 
painstaking, methodical. In his experiments, exhaustive. That 
he in a great measure changed in character during the last years 
of his life is true. From being very liberal he became opinion- 
ated, unyielding. From the time of his persecution at Leipzig 
he seems to have put aside all liberality and to have become 
miserly in disposition and unyielding in character. That he 
was hardly liberal enough for his German colleagues his history 
well shows. That he injured the spread of Homoeopathy in 
Germany by his treatment of his disciples regarding the Leipsic 
hospital is certain. And yet to the end of his life in his home 

* Rutherford Russell's "History and Heroes of Medicine," p. 418. 


relations he was always the same good, tender, kindly philoso- 
pher and husband and father as before the calumny of the outer 
world had embittered him. But had he not ample excuse for 
his firmness and reluctance to relent from his one and unwaver- 
ing platform of conduct? 

His poverty influenced his life. His lessons in thinking were 
never forgotten; the lamp of clay taught its lesson. Poor, 
obliged to translate through the long night hours, he in that 
translation, and the study necessary, laid the foundations for the 
marvelous knowledge that he afterwards exhibited. And through 
it all may be seen that unwavering faith in the goodness of God 
who must have endowed mankind with some sure method of 
healing. Hahnemann believed that his discovery was a gift to 
him from God in trust for the benefit of his fellow-man. 

The house in Meissen in which Hahnemann was born is still 
standing (1893). It is situated at the corner of the Hahnemann 
Place and the Newmarket.* It was formerly known as the 
Kckhouse, at the upper end of the Meatway and close by the 
Newmarket, No. 459 of the new Brandkataster. With the ex- 
ception of a few needful repairs, it is to-day as when Hahnemann 
was born. It is a plain, old fashioned building of three stories 
with a steep apexed roof, and towers high above the surround- 
ing buildings. f A lamp, looking like a Philadelphia street lamp, 
is suspended from the angle of the house front. The house front 
looks upon the Hahnemann Place, and near the corner are two 
large windows with wooden shutters, and between them a double 

Over the front window, between the first and second story, a 
sign is fixed against the wall, bearing in large letters the legend, 
"Restaurant Hahnemann." Beside this sign, and directly over 
the door, a niche in the wall holds a bust of Hahnemann, while 
on the other side of the bust is an iron tablet, set in the wall, 
bearing the following inscription: " Chr. Fr. Samuel Hahne- 
mann, the Founder of Homoeopathy, was born here the nth of 
April, 1755." Further down this side of the old house is still 
another door, and over this there is a sign reading: " Schmied- 
ewerkstatt, A. Schone. ' ' Beyond this are two shuttered windows 

* Hundertjahrigen Geburtstage Samuel Hahnemann's, Dessau, 1855, p. 


tVillers' International Homoeopathic Annual, Leipzig, 1891. 


of a room on the ground floor, and within that room Hahnemann 
was born. 

Hahnemann was an abstemious man. His only habit of self- 
indulgence was his pipe. The Rev. Mr. Everest once asked him 
why he smoked and he replied:* "Oh, it's an idle habit con- 
tracted when I had to sit up every other night in order to get 
bread for my children, while I was pursuing my own investiga- 
tions by day." This habit continued until the end of his life. 

He possessed only simple ways, disliking all ostentation. In 
a letter to Stapf, dated December 17, 1816, he saysif "No more 
enconiums of me; I altogether dislike them, for I feel myself to 
be nothing more than an upright man who merely does his duty. 
Let us express our regard for one another only in simple words 
and conduct indicating mutual respect." 

"Hahnemann's handwriting was small and neat but firm, and 
he preferred to write on small-sized paper, as appears from his 
letters and notes. He took pains to write every letter distinctly 
and he wrote a beautiful hand. He was very particular in his 
forms of expression, and often we find in one line two or three 
corrections. Up to his latest years he read and wrote without 

Hull says: "The Register of his Consultations, every day 
increasing in magnitude, forms at this moment a stupendous 
medical encyclopaedia. 

"We have seen upon one of the shelves of Hahnemann's 
library thirty-six quarto volumes of at least five hundred pages 
each, entirely written by his own hand; and to those who are 
curious as to the penmanship of the venerable octogenarian, who 
has never used spectacles, we can testify to writing as fine and 
beautiful as the mig7ionne of Didot.|| 

Dudgeon writes:§ "We may form some idea of Hahnemann's 
immense industry when we consider that he proved about ninety 
different medicines, that he wrote upwards of seventy original 
works on chemistry and medicine, some of which were in several 
thick volumes, and translated about twenty- four works from the 

*"Hom. in 1851," London, p. 306. 

■\Brit.Jotir. Horn., Vol. iii., p. 141. 

jAmeke's "History of Homoeopathy," p. 164. 

\\Hom. Examiner, Vol. ii., p. 8. Hull's "Life of Hahnemann." 

I "Biography of Hahnemann." 


Knglish, French, Italian and I^atin. on chemistry, medicine, 
agriculture and general literature, many of which were in more 
than one volume." 

He ever had an exalted opinion of the dignity of the medical 
profession. In alluding to his discovery of the prophylactic for 
scarlet fever, he said: "The furtherance of every means, be it 
ever so small, that can save human life, that can bring health 
and security (a God of love invented this blessed and most won- 
drous of arts!) should be a sacred object to the true physician; 
chance or the labor of the physician has discovered this one." 

Again, in writing of the duties of the nurse and the physician 
in the time of pestilence:^^ "They are two persons ordained by 
God, and placed, like Uriah in the battle, in the thickest of the 
fight — forlorn hopes, quite close to the advancing enemy, with- 
out any hours of relief from their irksome guard — two very 
much misunderstood beings, who sacrifice themselves at hard- 
earned wages for the public weal, and, in order to obtain a civic 
crown, brave the life-destroying, poisoned atmosphere, deafened 
by the cries of agony and the groans of death." 

The following is a letter written by Hahnemann which gives 
his idea of what should constitute an examination in Homoeo- 

'^ Dear Mr. Steinestel: I have much pleasure in making your 
acquaintance, and agreeably to your desire I put to you some 
questions, from your answers to which I shall be able to judge 
of your capability to practice Homoeopathically and to cure 
patients of all sorts. 

" I. What course does the true physician pursue in order to 
obtain a knowledge of what is morbid, consequently what he 
has to cure in the patient ? 

" 2. Why does a name of a disease not suffice to instruct the 
physician as to what he has to do in order to cure the patient ? 
For example, why should he not at once give Cinchona bark 
when the patient says he has got fever (as the Allopath does) ? 

" 3. How does the true physician learn what each medicine is 
useful for, arid consequently in what morbid states it can be 
serviceable and curative ? 

"4. Why does the true physician view with horror the pre- 

* Dudgeon's "Hahnemann," 1852. 


scribing of several medicinal substances mingled together in 
one prescription for a disease ? 

" 5. Why does it shock the true physician to see blood drawn 
from any patient, whether by venesection or blood-sucking- 
leeches,* or cupping-glasses ? 

"6. Why is it an abomination for the true physician to see- 
Opium given by the Allopath for all sorts of pains, for diarrhoea, 
or for sleeplessness ? 

"7. Why does the Homoeopathist prepare gold, plumbago, 
lycopodium-pollen, culinary salt, etc., by triturating them for 
hours with a non-medical substance, such as sugar of milk, and 
by shaking a small dissolved portion of them with water and 
alcohol, which is termed dynamizing? 

" 8. Wh)^ must the true physician not give his patients medi- 
cine for a single symptom (for a single morbid sensation) ? 

" 9. When the true physician has given the patient a small dose 
of a medicine selected by reason of similarity of the most character- 
istic symptoms of the disease, that is to say, capable of itself 
producing similar symptoms in the healthy individual, with good 
results (as might naturally be expected), when ought he to ad- 
minister another dose of medicine ? How does he then perceive 
what medicine he ought to give ? 

" 10. Why can the Homoeopathic medicines never be dis- 
pensed by the apothecary without injury to the public? 

"When you shall have replied to these questions in writing I 
shall be able to judge if you are a true Homoeopathic prac- 

"Hail to the king who cherishes only wholesome truth, and 
who with a vigorous hand overthrows many injurious time- 
honored customs; such an one is the viceregent on earth- of the 
all-bountiful and all-wise Godhead !"f 

*Blutsangende Egel. 
■\BrU.Jour. Horn., Vol. x., p. 167. 




While — because he was driven from one town to another for a 
time in his life — Hahnemann was poor, yet he divided a fortune 
on leaving Germany. 

It is estimated that during the eight years which he passed at 
Paris he amassed a fortune of 4,000,000 francs.* 

That Hahnemann rigidly followed the law of similia as it is 
laid down in the " Organon " is very certain. There are some 
questions, however, regarding his modes of practice that have 
been in much dispute. The principal points are: Size of the 
dose. Did he or did he not alternate remedies? Did he use 
auxiliaries ? The question will be discussed in a separate chapter. 

That Hahnemann was perfectly satisfied and happy in gay 
Paris during the last years of his life is the testimony of every 
one who knew him at that time. He himself said as much. 
Ameke writes that he kept up a constant and affectionate corre- 
spondence with his family in Germany, who also visited him in 

It has been said that during his residence in Paris he was not 
permitted to receive the visits of his colleagues. That he had 
but little intercourse with medical men. J "Their visits, if not 
absolutely denied, were studiously discouraged, and his medical 
converse was almost limited to non-medical gobemouches, who 
eagerly swallowed as Gospel everything he said and encouraged 
him in the path of authorizing." 

In an article published in an English Homoeopathic journal in 
1878,11 by "A Relative of the Family," the following statements 
are made: 

"Patients who could not pay the regular physician's fee never 
saw Hahnemann, but only his part)ier, Madame Hahnemann, 

* Brit. Jour. Horn., Vol. xxii., p. 678. 
tAmeke's "History of Homoeopathy, " p. 166. 
XBrit. lour. Horn., Vol. xxiii., p. 664. 
\\Hom. World, Vol. xiii., p. 348. 


who managed also to break her husband of his favorite habit of 
smoking, as his fashionable patients did not approve of a doctor 
whose consulting room gave more evidence of bird's eye than of 
■eau de cologne. Hahnemann, when living in Germany, used to 
smoke from morning till night, but when in Paris, his wife said, 
II faiit changer tout cela, and all was changed. She gradually 
limited him to only one pipe a day, which he had to smoke in a 
small corrider of his great mansion. Only those who know the 
effects of this comforting weed will be able to understand the 
great denial Hahnemann imposed upon himself in his eightieth 
year, when he reduced his allowance to one pipe a day, so that 
there should be no obstacle to his amassing a princely fortune 
for his wife, a sweet, unselfish creature, who never parted with a 
penny to any member of his family." 

The English Homoeopathic journals, who chronicled the death 
of Madame Hahnemann, almost invariably spoke in the same man- 
ner of her. It is the duty of the historian to relate facts, not to 
•criticise. It would seem, however, from certain accounts of the 
life of the old physician in Paris, that this statement about the 
tobacco is somewhat overdrawn. Mrs. Mowatt (Helen Berkley) 
particularly mentions the long painted pipe, the bowl of which 
reached nearly to his knees, that he only removed from his 
mouth long enough to welcome that lady to his presence. Others 
also write of his smoking constantly. And in regard to the aid 
refused by Madame Hahnemann to the German relatives, it may 
be that she thought that when her husband had divided a fortune 
with his children before leaving Germany, he had fulfilled his 
duty in the matter. 

Albrecht, however, also says, that his manner of life was 
greatly changed at Paris, and that he was in a great measure 
compelled to give up the loved tobacco. 

It has also been questioned whether Hahnemann's second mar- 
riage was a benefit to Homoeopathy. Probably its principles be- 
came better known in Paris than had the old man remained at 
Coethen. Be that as it may, he was happy there, and as he had 
already given a lifetime, longer than that usually granted, to the 
good of mankind, and had carefully set down in his wonderful 
books the tenets of his law of healing, it must be admitted that 
he was hardly to be blamed if during the few last years of his 
life he consulted his own satisfaction and pleasure even at the ex- 
pense of his fellow-men. 


Albrecht says:* "The friend of Hahnemann wishes to know 
and understand in what manner the master lived. Not in his. 
hotel in Paris is it described, but it can be found in his old resi- 
dence at Coethen. 

"The house that Hahnemann occupied in Coethen from 1821 
to 1835, yes, even the library in which he wrote his world re- 
nowned work, from the devotion of his youngest daughter Frau 
Dr. Ivouise Mossdorf, is unchanged. 

"It stands in the .Wallstrasse, bright and beautiful, where 
from the east and from the west the rays of light converge and 

"To the right of the street door are to be found three great 
windows with dark green shutters, to the left from the repaired 
side are two windows. The first story has a stairway with 
black balusters, with large round windows, the spacious hall is 
lighted by one large window, and a corrider extends the length 
of the house. The living room-on the right hand and the study 
on the left contain many precious mementoes of the departed. 
The window of the dwelling room has a high estrade. In the 
niche and window-frame bloom potted plants, opposite to the 
life-size, half-length portrait of Hahnemann painted in oil by the 
artist Schopenhauer. On the secretary stands, under a high 
glass case, a gilt ^sculapius, the same that the admirers of the 
great man had presented at the Doctor-Jubilee, and a portrait- 
bust modeled by Steinhauser. The principal wall is adorned by 
the miniature pictures of different members of the Hahnemann 
family taken before the time of the photograph. At the window 
stands the ancient harpsichord by whose means Hahnemann had 
passed so many pleasant evenings with his family. Behind the 
parlor may be found a small sleeping cabinet, whence one reaches 
a small conservatory. 

"Opposite to this the kitchen is situated. The study is in the 
same condition as at the time of Hahnemann's departure for 
Paris. There still stands his writing-desk with writing mate- 
rials, pens, etc., a table clock for which he had great fondness, 
and which he would wind up and regulate daily, and the old 
mended furniture. Here one sees the fan of white ivory, the 
wedding present from Hahnemann's father to the bride of his- 
son, painted with his own hand. It pictures the master visiting 

* " Leben und Wirken," p. 84. 


"his first patient, sitting b}' the bedside givnng him medicine from 
a spoon, while the expectant wife, recovered, is sitting on the 
other side of the family circle. It is a fascinating little example 
of his genre painting, and bears a striking resemblance to the 

"Hahnemann's favorite spot was the little garden back of the 
yard which was paved with slabs and was shut in by a grated 
door surrounded by an arbor. The garden was well tended, and 
walks divided the small beds, which were encircled with box 
bush; and at the farthest end stood the lower arbor, which was 
covered with thick foliage in summer and entwined with ivy, 
and was the place where the previously mentioned bust was 
modeled, and where the intellectual master gladly and assidu- 
ously toiled during the greater portion of the year, often re- 
mained for hours in the morning, received his patients, ate his 
breakfast, etc. 

"At the present time, only his daughter I^ouise, the widow of 
Dr. Mossdorf, occupies the house in companionship with a faith- 
ful servant. One of the most active and energetic of the sisters, 
Madame Suss, the mother of a Homoeopathic physician who 
settled in lyondon, died in Coethen, and was buried in the city 

"After Dr. Hahnemann went to Paris, there remained, besides 
Madame Mossdorf, an elder sister, Charlotte, who helped to take 
care of the small household, and guarded the remembrance of 
her beloved father as something sacred, until she died in the 
spring of 1863, after a short but severe illness. 

"Hahnemann's routine of daily work was very strictly regu- 
lated. The great and learned man arose at 6 o'clock